“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Nelson County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Nelson County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Nelson County, VA (41) Albemarle County, VA (112) Amherst County, VA (40) Appomattox County, VA (75) Augusta County, VA (68) Buckingham County, VA (37) Rockbridge County, VA (46)  NelsonCounty(41) Nelson County (41)  AlbemarleCounty(112) Albemarle County (112)  AmherstCounty(40) Amherst County (40)  AppomattoxCounty(75) Appomattox County (75)  AugustaCounty(68) Augusta County (68)  BuckinghamCounty(37) Buckingham County (37)  RockbridgeCounty(46) Rockbridge County (46)
Lovingston is the county seat for Nelson County
Adjacent to Nelson County, Virginia
      Albemarle County (112)  
      Amherst County (40)  
      Appomattox County (75)  
      Augusta County (68)  
      Buckingham County (37)  
      Rockbridge County (46)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — Claudius CrozetThe Blue Ridge Tunnel
Claudius Crozet (1789-1864) was born in France and grew up in Paris. In June 1816, he married, and the newlyweds soon sailed to the United States. They landed in a country that matched Crozet's temperament. In France, he had studied engineering, . . . Map (db m170627) HM
2 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — Crozet Blue Ridge TunnelNational Historic Civil Engineering Landmark
The Crozet Blue Ridge Tunnel, 4,273 feet in length, was the longest railroad tunnel in North America when constructed in 1849-1858. Irish and enslaved craftsmen and laborers excavated the tunnel using hand drills and black powder. Chief Engineer . . . Map (db m170631) HM
3 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — East TrailheadBlue Ridge Tunnel
The Blue Ridge Tunnel was constructed between 1849 and 1859 beneath Rockfish Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains of central Virginia. The tunnel first opened in 1858 to allow rail access through Afton Mountain. It was designed by French immigrant . . . Map (db m170605) HM
4 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — W-219 — Flight of Richard C. duPont
Near this site on September 21, 1933, Richard C. duPont was launched from Afton Mountain in his Bowlus sailplane, Albatross. Four hours and fifty minutes later he landed at Frederick, Maryland, establishing a United States distance record for . . . Map (db m21799) HM
5 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — W-239 — Greenwood-Afton Rural Historic District
At its western edge, this 16,300-acre historic district takes in Rockfish Gap, which at 1,903' elevation is the lowest passage through the Blue Ridge Mountains for a span of more than 110 miles. The district has been a focal point for routes . . . Map (db m106831) HM
6 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — Z-111 — Nelson County / Augusta County
Nelson County. Nelson County was named for Thomas Nelson, Governor of Virginia from June to November, 1871. It was formed in 1807 from Amherst County. Oak Ridge, birthplace of William Cabell Rives and later the residence of Thomas Fortune . . . Map (db m21701) HM
7 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — Rockfish Gap
Low passway across Blue Ridge, elev. 1909. Served the buffalo, Indian, and covered wagon. Thomas Jefferson came via stage coach in 1818 to Rockfish Tavern. He presided over a prominent group who resolved to locate the University of Virginia "in the . . . Map (db m71553) HM
8 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — W-218 — Rockfish Gap Meeting
The commission appointed to select a site for the University of Virginia met 1-4 August 1818 in the tavern that stood nearby. Among the 21 members present were former presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, as well as judges Spencer Roane, . . . Map (db m21831) HM
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9 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — The Blue Ridge RailroadThe Blue Ridge Tunnel
Chief engineer Claudius Crozet divided the Blue Ridge Railroad into sixteen construction sections, but not all at once. Section one was the Blue Ridge Tunnel and 1,000 feet beyond each portal. Sections two, three and four moved east from Nelson . . . Map (db m170628) HM
10 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — The LaborersThe Blue Ridge Tunnel
In early 1850, hundreds of Irish famine immigrants poured into the counties of Albemarle, Nelson and Augusta. Accompanied by relatives, they came to build the Blue Ridge Railroad and its four tunnels. Those working in the Blue Ridge Tunnel . . . Map (db m170630) HM
11 Virginia, Nelson County, Afton — Virginia's Nineteenth-Century Transportation ChallengesThe Blue Ridge Tunnel
At the close of the eighteenth century, Virginia stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to the Ohio River. The coastal plain, Piedmont, Blue Ridge Mountains, and Alleghany Mountains lay between, with the James River running east to west. From the . . . Map (db m170607) HM
12 Virginia, Nelson County, Arrington — R-58 — Birthplace of Rives
Two miles east, at Oak Ridge, was born William Cabell Rives, May 4, 1792. He was minister to France, 1829-32 and 1849-53; United States Senator, 1832-45; member of the Peace convention of 1861 and of the Confederate Congress. He died, April 25, . . . Map (db m10228) HM
13 Virginia, Nelson County, Arrington — R-57 — Oak Ridge Estates
About two miles east is Oak Ridge, a 4,800-acre estate first patented in the 1730s. Robert Rives (1764-1845), a tobacco planter and international trader, built his house there in 1802. In 1867, William Porcher Miles (1822-1899), a former Confederate . . . Map (db m10229) HM
14 Virginia, Nelson County, Colleen — R-81 — Cabellsville
In 1803, the Virginia General Assembly established Cabellsville one mile west of here on the Old Stage Road, on 25 acres owned by Congressman Samuel Jordan Cabell. The village was platted before Nelson County was formed from Amherst County in 1807, . . . Map (db m18829) HM
15 Virginia, Nelson County, Covesville — Z-21 — Nelson County / Albemarle County
Nelson County. In the foothills of Virginia’s Piedmont, Nelson County was formed in 1807 from Amherst County. The county was named for Thomas Nelson, Jr., governor of Virginia from June to November 1781. The county seat is Lovingston. The . . . Map (db m44042) HM
16 Virginia, Nelson County, Faber — R-51 — Hurricane Camille
On August 20, 1969, torrential rains, following remnants of Hurricane Camille, devastated this area. A rainfall in excess of 25 inches largely within a 5-hour period, swept away or buried many miles of roads, over 100 bridges, and over 900 . . . Map (db m23471) HM
17 Virginia, Nelson County, Lodebar — RA-4 — Rockfish Church
The Rockfish meetinghouse was established here by 1746, making it one of the oldest Presbyterian churches in the region. James McCann conveyed land for a church and school. Samuel Black became the first pastor of the church in 1747. Thomas Mason . . . Map (db m40716) HM
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18 Virginia, Nelson County, Lovingston — R-50 — Boyhood Home of Colonel John Mosby
Confederate Col. John Singleton Mosby was born in Powhatan County on 6 Dec. 1833. Nearby stood the early childhood home in which Mosby lived from soon after his birth until his family moved to Charlottesville by 1841. Before the Civil War, Mosby was . . . Map (db m10231) HM
19 Virginia, Nelson County, Lovingston — Confederate Memorial
★ Erected April 1965 ★ In memory of the heroic Confederate Soldiers of Nelson County who served in the War Between the States 1861 ★ 1865 Love makes memory eternalMap (db m40772) WM
20 Virginia, Nelson County, Lovingston — Hurricane Camille Memorial
Dedicated to the memory of the citizens of Nelson County who lost their lives during Hurricane Camille, Aug 19-20, 1969Map (db m179866) HM
21 Virginia, Nelson County, Lovingston — R-56 — Lovingston
This place became the county seat of Nelson when it was formed from Amherst in 1807. It was named for James Loving, Jr., who gave the land for the courthouse, built in 1808-09. The town was incorporated in 1807 and again in 1871, and deincorporated . . . Map (db m40740) HM
22 Virginia, Nelson County, Lovingston — Lovingston High School
Lovingston High School is entered in the National Register of Historic Places, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, June 23, 2003 Lovingston High School is registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark, Virginia Historic Landmarks . . . Map (db m179862) HM
23 Virginia, Nelson County, Lovingston — Nelson County Courthouse
Nelson County Courthouse Erected 1809 Placed by Board of Supervisors Honoring American Bicentennial 1776 - 1976 September 1974 Nelson County Courthouse has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark . . . Map (db m179867) HM
24 Virginia, Nelson County, Lovingston — Nelson County World War II Memorial
In memory of the men of Nelson County who lost their lives in World War II 1941 - 1945 George David Akers • Richmond Oliver Allen • Harry Philmore Anderson • Samuel Harvey Anderson • Garland Golden Ashley • Cyrus Edison Banton • James . . . Map (db m40774) HM
25 Virginia, Nelson County, Lovingston — Nelson County World War Memorial
In memory of the men of Nelson County who lost their lives in the World War, 1917 - 1918 Hope W. Massie             Lieut. Robert Penn Brent         Corp. Richard Witt Wright         " Lawrence Allen              Pvt Frank R. Beasley   . . . Map (db m40773) HM
26 Virginia, Nelson County, Lovingston — Nelson Memorial Library[Flood of 1969 Memorial]
Established as a lasting memorial to the citizens of Nelson County and the surrounding counties who suffered and died in the Flood of August 1969.Map (db m179863) HM
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27 Virginia, Nelson County, Massie's Mill — Hurricane Camille
Hurricane Camille struck central Virginia in August 1969, and many Nelson County people lost their lives and homes. Communities situated on riverbanks such as Massie's Mill on the Tye River were hardest hit. This park is dedicated to their memory. . . . Map (db m40722) HM
28 Virginia, Nelson County, Massie's Mill — OQ-4 — Thomas Massie
One mile from here is "Level Green," the home of Major Thomas Massie (1747-1834). Commander of the Sixth Virginia Regiment of Infantry, later Aide to Governor Thomas Nelson at the siege of Yorktown, and one of the first magistrates of Nelson County . . . Map (db m40720) HM
29 Virginia, Nelson County, Montebello — 20-Minute Cliff
In June and July during corn-choppin time, this cliff serves the folks in White Rock community as a time piece. Twenty minutes after sunlight strikes the rock face, dusk falls on the valley belowMap (db m61338) HM
30 Virginia, Nelson County, Nellysford — RA-6 — William H. Crawford
William Harris Crawford was born in this vicinity, February 24, 1772. Early in life he was taken to Georgia and became a leading politician of the era. He was United States Senator; Minister to France; Secretary of War and of the Treasury; . . . Map (db m40718) HM
31 Virginia, Nelson County, Norwood — R-82 — Boyhood Home of Rev. Dr. W.A.R. Goodwin (1869-1939)"Father of Colonial Williamsburg"
Born in Richmond in 1869, William Archer Rutherfoord Goodwin lived in Norwood from 1871 until he entered Roanoke College in 1885. Goodwin’s childhood education and strong religious background helped shape his adult endeavors. While he was an . . . Map (db m92922) HM
32 Virginia, Nelson County, Piney River — American CyanamidThe Virginia Blue Ridge Railway Trail
From 1931 until 1971 the American Cyanamid Company operated a 50-acre site in Piney River to extract and refine titanium ore for the manufacture of titanium dioxide used in paint pigments. Although bringing prosperity to the region, . . . Map (db m92926) HM
33 Virginia, Nelson County, Piney River — Hurricane CamilleThe Virginia Blue Ridge Railway Trail
On the night of August 19th, 1969, Hurricane Camille passed over a sleeping Nelson County, forever changing the land and the people who lived here. The storm initially made landfall in Mississippi and weakened as it headed inland, thus forecasters . . . Map (db m92927) HM
34 Virginia, Nelson County, Piney River — The RiversThe Virginia Blue Ridge Railway Trail
The Tye and Piney Rivers provide recreation, wildlife habitat, and scenic value to this region of Central Virginia. Fishing, camping, canoeing, and kayaking are all popular activities. Both rivers begin in the Blue Ridge Mountains and . . . Map (db m92928) HM
35 Virginia, Nelson County, Piney River — The Scale HouseThe Virginia Blue Ridge Railway Trail
Since commerce began, the need has existed for an accurate method to determine the weight of bulk commodities. The rapid expansion of railroads in the middle of the 19th century merely exacerbated this problem. In St. Johnsbury, Vermont, . . . Map (db m92929) HM
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36 Virginia, Nelson County, Piney River — The Virginia Blue Ridge RailwayThe Virginia Blue Ridge Railway Trail
The Virginia Blue Ridge Railway was formed in 1914 to haul American Chestnut timber for local lumber companies. As a short-line railroad of 16 miles, the Railway was intended to connect to larger rail systems with national reach. By the 1920s, the . . . Map (db m92925) HM
37 Virginia, Nelson County, Shipman — OQ-6 — Peter Cartwright(1 Sept. 1785 – 25 Sept. 1872)
Known for helping to develop Methodism as a circuit rider in Kentucky, Tennessee, Indiana, Ohio, and Illinois, Peter Cartwright was born three miles southeast. His library, which he carried in his saddlebag, included a Bible, a hymnal, and The . . . Map (db m46306) HM
38 Virginia, Nelson County, White Rock — Old Mountain Homesite
Much of the Blueridge area was settled in the early 1700’s and cleared for agricultural purposes. The land was not economically suited for small farms. These farms were abandoned in the 1860’s with the opening of western lands and the Civil . . . Map (db m162786) HM
39 Virginia, Nelson County, Wingina — Z-282 — Buckingham County / Nelson County
Buckingham County. Buckingham County was formed from Albemarle County in 1761. The county seat is Buckingham, originally known as Maysville. In 1822 a courthouse, Virginia's first temple-form porticoed courthouse, was constructed there based . . . Map (db m31757) HM
40 Virginia, Nelson County, Wingina — OQ-5 — William Cabell
Three miles southwest is Union Hill, home of William Cabell. He was born, March 30, 1730. Cabell was a burgess, signer of the Articles of Association, member of the Revolutionary Conventions and of the Ratifying Convention of 1788. He died March 23, . . . Map (db m31755) HM
41 Virginia, Nelson County, Wintergreen — R-51 — Hurricane Camille
On August 20, 1969, torrential rains, following remnants of Hurricane Camille, devastated this area. A rainfall in excess of 25 inches largely within a 5-hour period, swept away or buried many miles of roads, over 100 bridges, and over 900 . . . Map (db m40719) HM
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May. 28, 2023