Area 376 Square Miles
Formed in 1831 from Montgomery, and added to from Franklin. Named for John Floyd, Governor of Virginia 1830-34. Buffalo Knob is in this county.
Area 305 Square Miles
Formed in 1838 from . . . — — Map (db m206709) HM
Audie Leon Murphy
June 20, 1924
May 28, 1971
Born in Kingston, Texas, died near this site in an airplane crash. America's most decorated veteran of World War II. He served in the European Theatre-15th Infantry Regiment-3rd Infantry . . . — — Map (db m58308) HM
This institution, one mile northeast, stands on the site of the old Roanoke Red Sulpher Springs, which by 1859 was a noted summer resort. The Sanatorium was established by the General Assembly of Virginia in 1908 for the treatment of persons . . . — — Map (db m58328) HM
On June 31, 1864 General Hunter, retreating from defeat at Lynchburg by General Early, met Confederate forces led by General John McCausland. After losing some of his artillery here, Hunter continued his withdrawal northwest through New Castle to . . . — — Map (db m3843) HM
Welcome to the Hanging Rock Battlefield Trail. This 1.6 mile linear park is the Roanoke Valley’s first rails-to-trails project converting a former railroad right-of-way into a hiking and biking trail. The project’s master plan presents an . . . — — Map (db m15104) HM
Near the site, on the morning of June 21, 1864, Union Major General David Hunter’s ambulances, artillery, and supply and munitions wagons crossed the ford at Mason’s Creek. The wagon train stalled, and was left unprotected because U.S. Brig. General . . . — — Map (db m15100) HM
On June 21, 1864, following two days of fighting at Lynchburg, Confederate Gen. Robert Ransom’s cavalry, pursuing Union Gen. David Hunter’s retreating column, engaged in a conflict that would ultimately become known as the Battle of Hanging Rock. . . . — — Map (db m4012) HM
The Hanging Rock coal trestle functioned as a coal unloading facility, and was built by the Norfolk and Western Railway in 1943 from a standard plan used for this type of structure.
At the turn of the century, most industries utilized a . . . — — Map (db m15094) HM
On June 21, 1864, two future presidents marched with Major General David Hunter’s Army of Western Virginia on its retreat from Lynchburg to West Virginia by way of Hanging Rock and the old New Castle Turnpike.
Colonel Rutherford Birchard . . . — — Map (db m15101) HM
When Miss Massie Garst died in 1960, she bequested the Hanging Rock and Buzzard’s Roost to the Virginia Division United Daughters of the Confederacy. She will that this site be preserved as memorial to the brave soldiers who fought and died in the . . . — — Map (db m15103) HM
First chartered college for women in Virginia. Established in 1842. Led for 87 years by Charles L. Cocke and his daughter Matty L. Cocke, first women president of a Virginia College. — — Map (db m18097) HM
Roanoke County. Area 305 Square Miles. Formed in 1838 from Botetourt and Montgomery, and probably named for the Roanoke River. General Andrew Lewis lived here. The city of Roanoke is known as the Magic City of the South. . . . — — Map (db m17910) HM
The city of Roanoke — the historic crossroads of western Virginia — lies in the distance. First established in 1825, it was called "Big Lick" after a nearby marsh where animals found abundant salt licks.
In the early 1880s, the little . . . — — Map (db m140526) HM
Archaeological evidence indicates that Native Americans lived in this area for more than 10,000 years. James Campbell, one of the first Europeans to settle here, began acquiring land in 1742. During the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), the Virginia . . . — — Map (db m209253) HM
Patrolman Bill Thompson of the Salem Police Department was slain in the line of duty while assisting fellow officers. He was fatally shot during the apprehension of a barricaded suspect. Thompson Memorial Drive is named in honor of Patrolman . . . — — Map (db m206704) HM