“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Southampton County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Southampton County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Southampton County, VA (27) Franklin Ind. City, VA (17) Greensville County, VA (7) Isle of Wight County, VA (51) Suffolk Ind. City, VA (61) Surry County, VA (36) Sussex County, VA (25) Gates County, NC (7) Hertford County, NC (20) Northampton County, NC (26)  SouthamptonCounty(27) Southampton County (27)  (17) Franklin (17)  GreensvilleCounty(7) Greensville County (7)  IsleofWightCounty(51) Isle of Wight County (51)  Suffolk(61) Suffolk (61)  SurryCounty(36) Surry County (36)  SussexCounty(25) Sussex County (25)  GatesCountyNorth Carolina(7) Gates County (7)  HertfordCounty(20) Hertford County (20)  NorthamptonCounty(26) Northampton County (26)
Courtland is the county seat for Southampton County
Adjacent to Southampton County, Virginia
      Franklin (17)  
      Greensville County (7)  
      Isle of Wight County (51)  
      Suffolk (61)  
      Surry County (36)  
      Sussex County (25)  
      Gates County, North Carolina (7)  
      Hertford County, North Carolina (20)  
      Northampton County, North Carolina (26)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Virginia, Southampton County, Adams Grove — U-105 — John Y. Mason's Home
Four miles west stood the home of John Y. Mason, statesman. Mason was a member of the House of Representatives; United States district judge; twice Secretary of the Navy; United States Attorney General, and Minister to France. He took . . . Map (db m48525) HM
2 Virginia, Southampton County, Adams Grove — U-102 — Tarleton's Movements
Near this point Tarleton, the British cavalryman, entered the road from the south and moved westward to clear the fords for Cornwallis's army, May 14, 1781. Cornwallis was moving north on Petersburg.Map (db m48523) HM
3 Virginia, Southampton County, Boykins — U-122 — Nat Turner’s Insurrection
On the night of 21-22 August 1831, Nat Turner, a slave preacher, began an insurrection some seven miles west with a band that grew to about 70. They moved northeast toward the Southampton County seat, Jerusalem (now Courtland), killing about 60 . . . Map (db m22796) HM
4 Virginia, Southampton County, Capron — From Barter… To Buffer…Nottoway Indian Tribe of Virginia
The Stealthlike Nottoway of 1650 Edward Bland’s 1650 account of his journey along the lower reaches of the Nottoway and Meherrin river valleys contains the earliest known written record of direct contact between the Nottoway and . . . Map (db m226144) HM
5 Virginia, Southampton County, Capron — 1705 Nottoway ReservationNottoway Indian Tribe of Virginia
The House of Burgesses set aside two tracts of land known as the "Circle and Square" containing over 40,000 acres of land. To Be… From 1735 to the late 1800s, sections of Nottoway Reservation land were gradually sold off, or otherwise . . . Map (db m226141) HM
6 Virginia, Southampton County, Capron — U-115 — Buckhorn Quarters
One mile north was the estate of Major Thomas Ridley. In the servile insurrection of August, 1831, the houses were fortified by faithful slaves and made a place of refuge for fugitive whites. In this vicinity Nat Turner, the leader of . . . Map (db m48527) HM
7 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — U 120-a — Benjamin F. Hicks1847-1925
Born six miles north of here near Courtland in the Berlin-Ivor District of Southampton County, African American Benjamin Hicks made his living by farming. Highly respected for his industrious and creative talents, he used the anvil, forge, and . . . Map (db m48945) HM
8 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — U-29 — Blackhead Signpost Road
In Aug. 1831, following the revolt led by enslaved preacher Nat Turner, white residents and militias retaliated by murdering an indeterminable number of African Americans—some involved in the revolt, some not—in Southampton County and elsewhere. At . . . Map (db m224336) HM
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9 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — U-55 — Courtland School — Rosenwald Funded
Courtland School, which served African American students during the segregation era, was erected here in 1928-29 at a cost of $4,000. The local African American community raised $1,000, while the county contributed $2,500. The Julius Rosenwald . . . Map (db m107407) HM
10 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — UT-24 — Dred Scott And The Blow Family
Dred Scott, a slave lived as a child northeast of here on Peter Blow plantation early in the 1800s. The Blows moved to Missouri and in 1830 sold Scott to an army officer who was stationed in various free territories. Scott sued for his and . . . Map (db m69290) HM
11 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — U-120 — General Thomas' Birthplace
General George H. Thomas, "The Rock of Chickamauga," was born on July 31, 1816, about five miles to the south. A graduate of West Point, Thomas sided with the Union during the Civil War and won distinction in the campaigns in Tennessee.Map (db m18155) HM
12 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — Mahone’s TavernA Social, Transportation and Political Hub
One of the oldest buildings in Southampton County, Mahone’s Tavern was a social, transportation, and political hub of Jerusalem (now Courtland) because of its proximity to the county courthouse. Beginning in 1796, the structure served as a tavern, . . . Map (db m18118) HM
13 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — U-123 — Major Joseph E. Gillette
The "Southampton Cavalry" was formed just north of this site in May, 1861 at what was the Gillette Farm, Cedar Lawn. Joseph E. Gillette was elected captain. The Company eventually became Company A of the 13th Virginia Cavalry. Gillette was promoted . . . Map (db m18161) HM
14 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — U-124 — Nottoway Indians
The Nottoways' first recorded contact with the English colonist occurred in 1650 in present-day Sussex County. By 1694, due to hostile Indian attacks and encroaching settlers, the Nottoways had moved their main settlement to the mouth of Assamoosick . . . Map (db m48293) HM
15 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — U-124 — Old Indian Reservation Reported permanently removed
Just to the north was the Nottoway Indian Reservation. William Byrd, while running the boundry line between Virginia and North Carolina, visited these Indians April 7, 1729. Indians were living here as late as 1825.Map (db m186498) HM
16 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — Southampton County Veterans Memorial
In loving memory of the many citizens of Southampton who answered the call of their country in all wars. Their names are inscribed for eternity on history’s roll of honor.Map (db m113899) WM
17 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — The Rebecca Vaughan House
A work in progress - The Nat Turner Era Donated to the Southampton County Historical Society by Jack and Ina Gee Pittman. Its historical significance in our county history: The last house on the insurrection scene in which anyone was . . . Map (db m60734) HM
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18 Virginia, Southampton County, Courtland — Virginia Native Tribes/First Americans
In 1600, there were approximately 40 tribes in Virginia. Today, the Commonwealth officially recognizes only eleven tribes. When the Jamestown Settlers arrived in Virginia in 1607, they encountered several Virginia Tribes. The Chesapeake Tribe . . . Map (db m120348) HM
19 Virginia, Southampton County, Franklin — UT-22 — Blackwater Line - Joyner's Ford
Confederate forces guarded this Blackwater River crossing from 1862 to the end of the Civil War. On 12 Dec. 1862, Capt. J. H. Sikes and soldiers of Company D, 7th Confederate Cavalry, were captured during a dismounted skirmish with elements of the . . . Map (db m18159) HM
20 Virginia, Southampton County, Franklin — U-119 — Marle Hill
Birthplace of Colgate Whitehead Darden, Jr. 1897-1981 Soldier-Educator-Statesman Veteran World War I Member of the General Assembly of Virginia Member of the United States Congress Governor of Virginia President of the . . . Map (db m48529) HM
21 Virginia, Southampton County, Franklin — US-6 — South Quay
Nearby along the eastern bank of the Blackwater River once existed the community of South Quay, also sometimes called South Key, Old Quay, or Old South Quay. Founded by 1657, South Quay by 1701 had become the site of a landing and trading post. A . . . Map (db m18181) HM
22 Virginia, Southampton County, Franklin — U-116 — The Hand Site
East of here near the Nottoway River stood a Late Woodland Indian settlement occupied intermittently circa A.D. 700 to 1650, and long claimed by the Cheroenhaka (Nottoway). Excavated in the 1960s, occupation phases included features such as a . . . Map (db m60635) HM
23 Virginia, Southampton County, Franklin — US-3 — William Mahone's Birthplace
Three and a half miles southwest, at Monroe, Major-General William Mahone was born, December 1, 1826. He served brilliantly in the Confederate army throughout the war, and won the title, "Hero of the Crater," at Petersburg, July 30, 1864. He was . . . Map (db m18153) HM
24 Virginia, Southampton County, Newsoms — "Thomaston"George Henry Thomas — "the Rock of Chickamauga" —
Born here: July 31, 1816 Son of John C. Thomas and Elizabeth Rochelle Thomas West Point, Class of 1840 General - United States Army Loyal to conscience, country and family Died: San Francisco March 28, 1870 Buried: Troy, New York . . . Map (db m18131) HM
25 Virginia, Southampton County, Newsoms — ThomastonHome of Gen. George H. Thomas
Gen. George H. Thomas was born in this house on July 31, 1816. He lived here until his appointment to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1836, where he roomed his first year with William T. Sherman. After graduation in 1840, Thomas entered . . . Map (db m18125) HM
26 Virginia, Southampton County, Zuni — UT-21 — Blackwater Line - Blackwater Bridge
During the Civil War, Confederate forces guarded this Blackwater River crossing as a part of the Blackwater defensive line. On 14 Nov. 1862, Col. Charles C. Dodge, 1st Battalion New York Mounted Rifles, led his troops in a skirmish against elements . . . Map (db m18157) HM
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27 Virginia, Southampton County, Zuni — Z-191 — Southampton County / Isle of Wight County
Southampton County. Area 604 Square Miles. Formed in 1748 from Isle of Wight and Nansemond. Named for a locality that was originally named for the Earl of Southampton, active in the first settlement. General William Mahone was . . . Map (db m18109) HM
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Dec. 9, 2023