“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Putnam County, West Virginia

Clickable Map of Putnam County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Putnam County, WV (25) Cabell County, WV (52) Jackson County, WV (25) Kanawha County, WV (165) Lincoln County, WV (9) Mason County, WV (94)  PutnamCounty(25) Putnam County (25)  CabellCounty(52) Cabell County (52)  JacksonCounty(25) Jackson County (25)  KanawhaCounty(165) Kanawha County (165)  LincolnCounty(9) Lincoln County (9)  MasonCounty(94) Mason County (94)
Winfield is the county seat for Putnam County
Adjacent to Putnam County, West Virginia
      Cabell County (52)  
      Jackson County (25)  
      Kanawha County (165)  
      Lincoln County (9)  
      Mason County (94)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 West Virginia, Putnam County, Buffalo — “Lawnvale” / “Coin” Harvey
Lawnvale. One mile north, home of Dr. T. C. Atkeson, head of Grange for many years. Dean of the West Virginia College of Agriculture and author of many works on agriculture. For nearly 50 years, Atkeson was a leader among farmers of . . . Map (db m137323) HM
2 West Virginia, Putnam County, Buffalo — Buffalo Academy
Established in 1849 by a joint stock company. First principal was George Rosetter. The school flourished until Civil War began, when it was occupied alternately by soldiers of the Federal and Confederate armies. After the War, the property was . . . Map (db m137307) HM
3 West Virginia, Putnam County, Buffalo — Buffalo Presbyterian ChurchMustering the Troops
Here at Buffalo Presbyterian Church on May 13, 1861, Confederate Capt. William E. Fife mustered the Buffalo Guards, the militia company he had raised in 1859. The families of church members who served in the company included the Alexanders, . . . Map (db m137304) HM
4 West Virginia, Putnam County, Buffalo — Historic Town of Buffalo — River to Ridges Heritage Trail —
Chartered in 1837, the town of Buffalo predates the formation of Putnam County in 1848. Possibly named after the nearby Big Buffalo Creek, the town was from its beginnings inextricably tied to river trade and to agriculture. In its early days, . . . Map (db m137327) HM
5 West Virginia, Putnam County, Buffalo — Indian Village / Excavations
Indian Village. The Buffalo Indian Village and Cemetery, between the road and the Kanawha River, was one of the largest Indian towns in West Virginia. It was occupied about 1650 by Shawnee Indians who later moved westward. . . . Map (db m137328) HM
6 West Virginia, Putnam County, Buffalo — Raiders in BuffaloClashing with Jenkins — Jenkins’s Raid —
Confederate Gen. Albert G. Jenkins led 550 cavalrymen on a 500-mile raid, Aug. 22 to Sept. 12, 1862, attacking Federal forces, capturing prisoners, and destroying military stores. From Salt Sulphur Springs he rode along the Tygart and Buckhannon . . . Map (db m137358) HM
7 West Virginia, Putnam County, Cross Lanes — Kanawha County / Putnam County
Kanawha County. Authorized, 1888; organized 1789 from Greenbrier and Montgomery. Named for the Kanawha River, bearing name of Indian tribe. Salt making brought early settlers into the valley and from it grew vast modern chemical plants. . . . Map (db m85987) HM
8 West Virginia, Putnam County, Eleanor — Red House
Site of Federal homestead project, located on land granted to George Washington in 1773. The “Red House” was built by Joseph Ruffner in 1840. Here, February 2, 1864, General E.P. Scammon, Union commander, was captured by Confederates.Map (db m85683) HM
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9 West Virginia, Putnam County, Hometown — A Park for the Coal Miner
Hometown Park can trace its existence back to at least the 1920s. In 1918, Hatfield and Mitchell Coal and Mining Company bought the Apha Mine located nearby on the Little Guano Creek. The mining company provided a small piece of land as a place . . . Map (db m86221) HM
10 West Virginia, Putnam County, Hometown — Andrew & Charles Lewis March
The nearby highway is part of route traversing W.Va. from Lewisburg to Point Pleasant memorialized by the state to commemorate the march of the American Colonial army of 1,200 men led by Andrew & Charles Lewis. After a month's march this . . . Map (db m11454) HM
11 West Virginia, Putnam County, Hometown — Coal Mining in Putnam County
The earliest export industry of the Kanawha River Valley revolved around the manufacturing of salt. Though the discovery of coal veins in Putnam County dates back to at least 1800, for most of the nineteenth century these coal deposits supplied . . . Map (db m86239) HM
12 West Virginia, Putnam County, Hometown — George Washington
Acquired 7.276 Acres of this land by a grant, dated December 1, 1773 issued to him by John Murray, Earl of Dunmore, last Royal Governor of Virginia. This tract was surveyed in July, 1773, by William Crawford, upon warrants issued to George . . . Map (db m11451) HM
13 West Virginia, Putnam County, Hometown — Washington’s Land
This “Poca River Tract” of 7,276 acres was acquired by George Washington, and surveyed by Wm. Crawford, 1773. It bordered Kanawha River, "12 miles and 227 poles." Washington’s nephew, Lawrence, resided at Red House Shoals.Map (db m11453) HM
14 West Virginia, Putnam County, Hurricane — Hurricane Baptist Church / Hurricane Bridge Skirmish
Hurricane Baptist Church. Hurricane Baptist Church was founded May 26. 1860, near the old Hurricane Bridge. F. H. Reynolds was first clerk and James Mitchell the first moderator. This log meeting-house was burned in 1863 by soldiers of the . . . Map (db m178195) HM
15 West Virginia, Putnam County, Nye — Lincoln County / Putnam County
Lincoln County. Formed in 1867 from Cabell, Kanawha, Boone and Putnam. Named for Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the United States. Producer of oil, gas and coal. Also noted for high quality of tobacco grown on its . . . Map (db m178199) HM
16 West Virginia, Putnam County, Red House — PU 1 PU 2 — Red House Shoals / Civil War Action
Red House Shoals. Oldest community on the Kanawha River between Charleston and Point Pleasant, being settled circa 1795. In 1819, steamboat “Robert Thompson” failed to navigate the shoals here on a trip to Charleston. This led to an . . . Map (db m85690) HM
17 West Virginia, Putnam County, Robertsburg — Battle of Atkenson’s Gate
On September 27, 1862, the 91st Ohio of Col. John Turley, marching from Point Pleasant, learned that Jenkins’ Cavalry was camped near Buffalo. As the Ohioans approached the Confederate position, skirmishing ensued; for four hours. Turley’s . . . Map (db m137295) HM
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18 West Virginia, Putnam County, Scary — Battle of Scary
First Confederate victory in Kanawha Valley fought here July 17, 1861. Charge of the Rangers under Captain (later General) Jenkins won the day. Whitelaw Reid described the event as a war correspondent with Gen. Cox's Union forces.Map (db m20787) HM
19 West Virginia, Putnam County, Scary — Battle of Scary
Erected by the United Daughters of Confederacy St. Albans Chapter Marking the Battle of Scary July 17, 1861Map (db m198049) HM
20 West Virginia, Putnam County, St. Albans — Putnam County / Kanawha County
Putnam County. Formed in 1848 from Cabell, Mason, and Kanawha. Named for Gen. Israel Putnam, a Revolutionary War hero. The county is cut by trails made by American bison to the Ohio River. Its oldest town, Buffalo, is named for them. . . . Map (db m178696) HM
21 West Virginia, Putnam County, Winfield — Historic Hoge House — River to Ridges Heritage Trail —
Planting Roots in Putnam County James William Hoge was born on April 9, 1830 in Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia to Reverend Peter C. and Sallie Kerr Hoge. He studied law and was admitted to the bar at age 20 in 1850, later moving to . . . Map (db m137584) HM
22 West Virginia, Putnam County, Winfield — Kanawha Valley Drag Strip
Located near here was the original Kanawha Valley Drag Strip, opened in 1958. The first organized drag strip in West Virginia, it helped legitimize the sport in the area. The strip benefited from its proximity to neighboring Ohio, drawing on . . . Map (db m137368) HM
23 West Virginia, Putnam County, Winfield — Putnam County War MemorialSwords to Plowshares Monument
Dedicated to the G.I. — P.O.W. — M.I.A. — and K.I.A. We will remember you.Map (db m137351) WM
24 West Virginia, Putnam County, Winfield — The Civil War in Putnam CountyA Microcosm — River to Ridges Heritage Trail —
A Microcosm Historians use the word microcosm as shorthand to show that a piece is representative of the whole. “A house divided against itself,” Putnam County sent approximately 10% of its population to war, nearly half to . . . Map (db m137355) HM
25 West Virginia, Putnam County, Winfield — Winfield / Battle of Winfield
Sited on land owned by Charles Brown, who started a ferry here in 1818, the town was named for Gen. Winfield Scott, Mexican-American War hero. Putnam County’s seat, it was incorporated in 1868. Its location along the Kanawha made it an . . . Map (db m137350) HM
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Jun. 4, 2023