“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Jefferson County, Wisconsin

Clickable Map of Jefferson County, Wisconsin and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Jefferson County, WI (49) Dane County, WI (444) Dodge County, WI (26) Rock County, WI (35) Walworth County, WI (36) Waukesha County, WI (132)  JeffersonCounty(49) Jefferson County (49)  DaneCounty(444) Dane County (444)  DodgeCounty(26) Dodge County (26)  RockCounty(35) Rock County (35)  WalworthCounty(36) Walworth County (36)  WaukeshaCounty(132) Waukesha County (132)
Jefferson is the county seat for Jefferson County
Adjacent to Jefferson County, Wisconsin
      Dane County (444)  
      Dodge County (26)  
      Rock County (35)  
      Walworth County (36)  
      Waukesha County (132)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Agriculture and GatheringAztalan National Historic Landmark
Agriculture is a hallmark of Mississippian food production. The people of Aztalan grew corn, squash and other domesticated plants. These plants were not native to the area, but were introduced by Indian peoples over the millennia (squash as early as . . . Map (db m176720) HM
2 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Anne Pickett
The first dairy co-op in Wisconsin founded in Jefferson County 1841-1845 by Anne Pickett (1804-1884) a resident of the Aztalan-Lake Mills area in her log house kitchen from milk obtained from a 20 cow herd plus 10 rented cows on a contract calling . . . Map (db m176788) HM
3 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Appearance and Manner of DressAztalan National Historic Landmark
Based on European explorers' descriptions, contemporary artists, along with archaeologists and others, have depicted a variety of clothing types worn by Mississippian peoples living throughout the southeastern part of the continent. The clothing . . . Map (db m176679) HM
4 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Conical MoundsAztalan National Historic Landmark
Typically associated with burials, conical (circular shaped) mounds are the most common and earliest of Midwestern mound types, first occurring early in the Woodland Period (ca. 500 B.C. - A.D. 1350). However, several of the conical mounds located . . . Map (db m176718) HM
5 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — House StructuresAztalan National Historic Landmark
Houses at Aztalan include examples of building styles typical of both Late Woodland and Mississippian construction techniques. Late Woodland structures tend to have circular floor plans with wall posts set into individual post holes, and were . . . Map (db m176719) HM
6 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Leisure ActivitiesAztalan National Historic Landmark
Prehistoric Indian communities engaged in a variety of leisure activities, like the games of "ring and pin" and lacrosse, which are well-known and still played today. While evidence of recreational activities at archaeological sites is often . . . Map (db m176677) HM
7 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Occupation and AbandonmentAztalan National Historic Landmark
Stone tools indicate that Aztalan was occupied off and on for at least 10,000 years. A substantial Late Woodland village occupied this location for many years before the arrival of Mississippian people who built and inhabited Aztalan from about 1100 . . . Map (db m176681) HM
8 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Other ArtifactsAztalan National Historic Landmark
While pottery and stone tools are the most common and durable artifacts found at Aztalan, other items were crafted of animal bone, shell, and copper. Shell was fashioned into spoons, pendants, and beads, and native copper was used to make fishhooks, . . . Map (db m176671) HM
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9 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Pioneer Aztalan
Pioneer Aztalan was settled in 1836 by Thomas Brayton and others at the junction of the Milwaukee-Mineral Point and Janesville-Fond du Lac territorial roads. By 1837 Aztalan had Jefferson County's first post office and by 1842 was its leading . . . Map (db m37023) HM
10 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Platform MoundsAztalan National Historic Landmark
Platform mounds (also called "pyramidal" or "flat-top" mounds) were typically built to support buildings. These buildings were religious or other specialized structures or homes for the elite members of Mississippian society. Platform mounds were . . . Map (db m176717) HM
11 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Prehistoric PotteryAztalan National Historic Landmark
Pottery sherds (pieces) are one of the most commonly recovered artifacts found at Aztalan. Pottery analysis is an important research tool. Understanding how prehistoric people made and used pottery provides important clues about their daily lives. . . . Map (db m176675) HM
12 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Site Map of the Prehistoric Village of AztalanAztalan National Historic Landmark
The people who built and occupied the prehistoric village of Aztalan (ca. A.D. 1100 - 1250) replicated major features found at the much larger Middle Mississippian site of Cahokia near modern day St. Louis. An outer stockade with bastions . . . Map (db m176659) HM
13 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Social OrganizationAztalan National Historic Landmark
Specialized crafts, extensive trade networks, and construction of large structures (stockades and mounds) demonstrates a high degree of social organization and complexity. Aztalan's layout, with communal structures atop the Northeast and Southwest . . . Map (db m176680) HM
14 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Stone ToolsAztalan National Historic Landmark
Tools made of stone, as well as the by-products of making stone tools, are the longest lasting and most common artifact types archaeologists encounter. Tool production was a specialized craft by this time and Mississippian stoneworkers created . . . Map (db m176667) HM
15 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — The Cahokia ConnectionAztalan National Historic Landmark
Mississippian people settled over much of eastern North America during the Late Prehistoric period. The people who built and occupied Aztalan (ca. A.D. 1100 - 1250) replicated major features found at the principal Mississippian site and ceremonial . . . Map (db m176662) HM
16 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Aztalan — Welcome to Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Indian peoples occupied this area off and on for many years before a new group of Indian people arrived who built the large mounds and other prehistoric features that now characterize Aztalan, a federally-designated National Historic Landmark. The . . . Map (db m176657) HM
17 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Cambridge — 19 — Lake Ripley
As a boy Ole Evinrude (1877-1934) lived near Cambridge. His father hoped to keep him on the farm and when Ole built a sailboat like he had seen in a picture book his father destroyed it. In a secret place in the woods the boy built another. Here on . . . Map (db m35297) HM
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18 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Cold Spring — Lincoln Hill
Toward the end of the Blackhawk War on July 10, 1832, Abraham Lincoln was honorably discharged from service in Cold Spring. He camped overnight in this immediate vicinity. His horse was stolen during the night, and he walked and canoed home to New . . . Map (db m176480) HM
19 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Concord — Wm. R. Look Log CabinCirca 1850
The Wm. R. Look Log Cabin is an example of pioneer architecture in southeastern Wisconsin. This historic log home was originally located on Pioneer and Elder Roads in the Town of Concord. Over the years the log cabin was covered in clapboard and an . . . Map (db m37007) HM
20 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Fort Atkinson — 407 — Black Hawk War Encampment"Burnt Village"
A large Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) Village dating from the 1700s once stood in this vicinity. Just before the 1832 Black Hawk War, the village was burned during an intra-tribal battle. On July 6th and 8th, the United States Military camped at this site in . . . Map (db m31764) HM
21 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Fort Atkinson — 152 — Fort Koshkonong
"Whilst lying here we have thrown up a stockade work flanked by four block houses for the security of our supplies and the accomodation of the sick," wrote General Henry Atkinson of this spot in his army report to General Winfield Scott on July 17, . . . Map (db m31765) HM
22 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Fort Atkinson — 322 — Lake Koshkonong Effigy Mounds
Between AD 650 and 1200, groups of Native Americans throughout the southern half of Wisconsin and portions of adjacent states built earthen mounds of various shapes and sizes, including mounds shaped like animals, today called effigy mounds. The 11 . . . Map (db m31766) HM
23 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Fort Atkinson — 303 — Lorine Niedecker
Fish      fowl           flood      Water lily mud My life in the leaves and on water My mother and I         born in swale and swamp and sworn to water Lorine Niedecker (1903-70) lived on Black Hawk Island most of her life and . . . Map (db m32181) HM
24 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Fort Atkinson — 99 — Panther Intaglio
Discovered in 1850 by Increase A. Lapham, this is the only known intaglio Effigy mound in the world. It was excavated for ceremonial purposes by American Indians of the Effigy Mound Culture about 1000 A.D. A part of the tail has been covered. Of ten . . . Map (db m82646) HM
25 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Fort Atkinson — Soldiers and Sailors
This tree is dedicated to our soldiers and sailors who died in the World War They died that freedom might not perish from the Earth Edwin Baldwin • Guy Black • Warner Boettcher • Wilbur Converse • Paul Florin • Edwin Frohmader • . . . Map (db m39109) HM
26 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Hebron — Cushman Mills Area
Land claimed 1887 Granted in 1842 Part of Townships Bark River 1842-1846 Turnbridge 1846 : Hebron 1847 to date 1 First school 1854 2 Brick school 1892 - 1962 3 Cushman log cabin 1842 4 Cushman house 5 Site Blacksmith Shop 6 Dam . . . Map (db m239610) HM
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27 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Helenville — Zion ChurchThe Evangelical United Brethern Church
On this site stood the Zion Helenville (Walther's) Evangelical Church dedicated in 1854. The first Evangelical service in this vicinity was held May 20, 1843 by Rev. J. G. Miller. Recommended to the ministry by this church were John M. Walther, Jr., . . . Map (db m135067) HM
28 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Ixonia — 46 — Highway Marking
In the old days when both automobiles and roads were few in number, it was easy for those who had cars to get far enough away from home to get lost. While there were some “trails” such as the Cannon Ball Trail and the Yellowstone Trail . . . Map (db m88574) HM
29 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Johnson Creek — 94th Combat Infantry Division
Northern France    Rhineland Ardennes    Central Europe This Monument is a Tribute to the Men of the 94th Infantry Division WWII In recognition of the outstanding war record of the 94th, the State of Wisconsin designated this . . . Map (db m147369) WM
30 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Johnson Creek — 313 — In Service to Their Country
Wisconsin contributed significantly to the military activities of the United States since it became a state in 1848. During the Civil War, for instance, Wisconsin made a major contribution to support the Union. About 50% of Wisconsin’s adult male . . . Map (db m37216) HM
31 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Johnson Creek — Wisconsin Prairies
These are a few of the twenty-five species of grasses and over 250 species of wildflowers that might be found in a native prairie plant community. Imagine what miles and miles of uninterrupted prairie would look like. Early explorers in Wisconsin . . . Map (db m144030) HM
32 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Lake Mills — 11 — Aztalan
Indian people lived at Aztalan between AD 900 and 1200. The village encompassed 20 acres and was well-planned. The inhabitants planted corn, beans and squash, hunted wild game, fished and collected native plants for food. An elite group of . . . Map (db m37429) HM
33 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Lake Mills — Aztalan Mound Park
Site of the famous prehistoric Indian stockade-protected village known as Aztalan first described by N.F. Hyer in the Milwaukee Advertiser in January 1837. Described by Dr. Increase A. Lapham, in The Antiquities of Wisconsin in 1855. . . . Map (db m35296) HM
34 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Lake Mills — 257 — Drumlins
This is glaciated country. Here, as you approach the western edge of Wisconsin’s kettle moraine, you see many land features created by glacial ice some 15,000 years ago. Among the most interesting of these are long, oval hills known as drumlins. . . . Map (db m37215) HM
35 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Lake Mills — 515 — Princess Burial Mound
Ancient people built this mound to mark a young woman's grave. The mound was the last in a line that once bordered the western side of the ancient community of Aztalan and the only one that contained a burial. Her community placed the young woman on . . . Map (db m35479) HM
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36 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Palmyra — 408 — Black Hawk War Encampment Reported missing
During the Black Hawk War of 1832, General Atkinson camped near this location on two occasions. On July 7th, Atkinson led his entire militia, including future President's Abraham Lincoln and Zachary Taylor here. On July 19th, Atkinson returned . . . Map (db m31762) HM
37 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Town of Aztalan — Mamre Moravian Church
This one room log church was built in 1861 by German settlers north of Milford near the Crawfish River. In 1874 it was moved one mile east to Highway Q where it was enlarged to serve as a school room and to house the pastor's family. In 1996 the . . . Map (db m37312) HM
38 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Waterloo — 80 — The Island Church
Built in 1863, St. Wenceslaus Church served families who came chiefly from Bohemia and Germany. The little church, significant in Wisconsin’s architectural heritage, closed in 1891. It still opens for special Masses.Map (db m37705) HM
39 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — Adrian Joss / John P. "Red" Kleinow
[One side of marker:] This memorial is dedicated to the life of Adrian Joss Born in Woodland, WI, April 12, 1880. Addie played baseball for Watertown and Watertown's Sacred Heart Team in 1899. Along with his future major league catcher . . . Map (db m66488) HM
40 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — 74 — First Kindergarten
The first kindergarten in the United States was founded by Margarethe Meyer Schurz in this building in 1856. Moved to the present site and restored in 1956 by the Watertown Historical Society.Map (db m35450) HM
41 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — Fred C. Merkle
This memorial is dedicated to the life of Fred C. Merkle Born in Watertown, WI, Dec. 20, 1888. His father, Ernst Merkle, was a school teacher at Immanuel Lutheran School in Watertown at the time of Fred's birth. Fred made his major league debut . . . Map (db m66639) HM
42 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — Fred Merkle Field
Fred C. Merkle was born in Watertown, WI on Dec. 20, 1888 to Ernst and Anna Amalia (Thielmann) Merkle. He made his major league debut as a first baseman with the New York Giants on 9-21-07 at the age of 18. During his 16 years in the majors, he . . . Map (db m66500) HM
43 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — In Honor of the 1955 Watertown High School State Baseball Champions
[Marker front:] In 1955 the Watertown Goslings won this city's first State Baseball Championship. Their home games were played at Washington Park, under the leadership of Coach Thompson. The team took pride in their pitching and defense. The . . . Map (db m66494) HM
44 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — 519 — Milwaukee Street Bridge
One of the nation’s most innovative bridge designers of the 20th century, Daniel B. Luten, designed the Milwaukee Street Bridge. Constructed in 1930 by Eau Claire Engineering, the bridge was a rare example of a steel-reinforced, three span, . . . Map (db m35452) HM
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45 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — 59 — Octagon House
This 8 sided five story house of solid brick construction was built in the early 1850s by pioneer John Richards. It is the best example in Wisconsin of an unusual architectural design which was in vogue briefly before the Civil War. It was claimed . . . Map (db m35454) HM
46 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — Plank Road
One of the most innovative aids to the transport of goods in the early pioneer days between Watertown and Milwaukee was the creation of the Plank Road, a wooden highway that roughly conforms to US Highway 16 today. Started in the late 1840s, the . . . Map (db m177256) HM
47 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — 60 — Plank Road Pioneer Barn
This barn was built by an early settler in 1853 was used by regional farmers driving cattle to the Milwaukee market over the Milwaukee-Watertown Plank Road. It was moved from the Plank road area east of the Rock River to this site in 1963 and . . . Map (db m223762) HM
48 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — Richards Hill Ski Slide Site
Near this site from circa 1915 through 1923 stood the Richards Hill Ski Slide, a popular winter gathering spot for people from miles around. The slide was situated so that when a skier climbed to the top and began the descent, the momentum would . . . Map (db m177257) HM
49 Wisconsin, Jefferson County, Watertown — 409 — Trail Discovery
On July 18th, during the Black Hawk War of 1832, Little Thunder – a Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) Indian guide to the U.S. Militia – discovered Black Hawk’s Band crossed the Rock River in this vicinity. After receiving the news, Gen. James D. . . . Map (db m35453) HM
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Apr. 19, 2024