Long after the Lake Shore Stone Company's quarrying operation had ceased, and the company town houses had been relocated to the Village of Belgium, an industrial chimney remained on this site. For many years it was the sole reminder of the early . . . — — Map (db m149699) HM
Look at the neat, machine-drilled blasting hole in this rock.
Each day at noon and again in the evening as workers departed the quarry, they set off black powder or dynamite placed into holes in the rock. When they returned, workers could dig out . . . — — Map (db m119312) HM
The depth of the old quarry is about 45 feet, and its area is 23 acres, so you can see that a great quantity of stone was removed from it. Mules pulled rock-filled carts along tracks from various places in the quarry to one central location, a ramp, . . . — — Map (db m118831) HM
After the rock was crushed, sorted and washed, it was ready to be shipped. A powerful cable would pull the many rock-laden carts along the pier that was constructed out into Lake Michigan. At the end of the pier, ships would wait for their cargoes . . . — — Map (db m118832) HM
Workers removed the overburden of soil to expose the limestone before quarrying could begin. They loaded the debris into side dump-cars which "donkey engines" pulled along rails toward the lake. En route, workers spread the dirt out beside the . . . — — Map (db m119288) HM
Many years ago, when Quarry Lake was a dry rock quarry, the above call alerted the workmen that explosives were about to be detonated. The Lake Shore Stone Company used explosives to break up the rock which they mined from 1900 to 1920. The . . . — — Map (db m118830) HM
The quiet, peaceful scene at Harrington Beach State Park contrasts sharply with its former life as a quarry and company town. You can just imagine the noise as limestone was blasted loose, hauled in steel cars by mules, pulled by cable along . . . — — Map (db m119314) HM
Millions of years ago, Wisconsin was covered by a vast, shallow inland sea, teeming with marine life. Over time, the shells of animals such as gastropods and corals became fossilized in limestone deposits. Twelve thousand years ago during the last . . . — — Map (db m119310) HM
In the late 1800s, settlers used a pot kiln to fire limestone from Little Quarry, which is still visible in the woods as a round depression about 6 feet deep and 2,700 square feet in area. By the early 1900s the successful Lake Shore Stone Company . . . — — Map (db m149607) HM
Dominic Manna lived in a shack or cave in the side of this hill, even though he was reported to have had more money than most of his fellow quarry workers. He ate his meals at the home of fellow worker August Falcineli, the company's mule driver. . . . — — Map (db m119224) HM
The Lake Shore Ball Park was located in the present-day Point Picnic Area. The company-sponsored ball club hosted, and sometimes trounced, its rivals here. The May 1909 issue of the Port Washington Star tells of one game in which the mighty Lake . . . — — Map (db m119226) HM
The round structure on the hill is a pot kiln where settlers burned limestone in the late 1800s. This burning changed raw limestone into lime for use as mortar to build fireplaces and fill chinks in log houses and to apply to farm fields as crop . . . — — Map (db m149608) HM
Mules pulled rail cars laden with stone from the quarry and cables hauled them to the crusher, which could handle 1,500 yards of stone each day. Working like an enormous grater, the crusher produced small stones and limestone powder which were . . . — — Map (db m118833) HM
The Lake Shore Stone Company village, Stonehaven, housed quarry workers from Italy, Luxembourg, and Austria. Married employees lived in small 15 by 24-foot houses built on stilts. Two barracks, known as the Italian House and the Austrian House, . . . — — Map (db m118763) HM
Workers bought pasta, tobacco, kegs of wine, and just about everything except beer, at the company store. They bought beer at taverns in Lake Church, Schanens and Grof's, or from Grof's delivery wagon.
On Saturday nights, quarry workers cashed in . . . — — Map (db m118829) HM
From 1901 until 1925, the Lake Shore Stone Company owned the lakefront property that is now part of Harrington Beach State Park and built a company town known as Stonehaven. This house was part of Stonehaven and was occupied by workers of the Lake . . . — — Map (db m118759) HM
Sebastian "Bus" Krier, Lake Shore Stone Company foreman, lived on this scenic spot in a handsome two-story house with a magnificent view of Lake Michigan. This comfortable home presented quite a contrast to the small, box-like houses of most company . . . — — Map (db m119264) HM
Her Saloon is superbly fitted and furnished and the accommodations for steerage passengers on the main deck are unsurpassed.
May 20, 1846
Between 1844-1857, “palace steamers” ruled Great Lakes . . . — — Map (db m47081) HM
Only fragments remain of a pier that once extended from this point more than 700 feet into Lake Michigan. Rail cars, loaded with limestone from a hopper at the crusher house, ran along the top of the pier about 50 feet above the water. Workers first . . . — — Map (db m119286) HM
Many of northeastern Ozaukee County’s prosperous farms, fieldstone houses and outbuildings, and large village churches are characteristic of the Luxembourg immigrant settlement patterns in the area. Beginning in 1845, inexpensive land brought . . . — — Map (db m58532) HM
In our ancient past, Wisconsin was crossed by a system of trails first forged by deer and elk as they migrated in search of good weather, food and salt. Native Americans used the Paths as they hunted, traded, and made war in troubled times. Some . . . — — Map (db m66620) HM
Originally built as a home for an early Cedarburg settler, the southern half of the current Cedarburg Cultural Center building has played a rich and vibrant role throughout the city's history.
Fred and Lena Beckman purchased the residence in 1873 . . . — — Map (db m200880) HM
Built of native limestone in 1855 by Frederick Hilgen and William Schroeder at a cost of $22,000, on land at $1 per acre, this mill ground 120 barrels of flour daily. Burchard Weber was the builder. — — Map (db m37085) HM
Built here in 1864-65 because of Cedar Creek’s water power, Hilgen and Wittenberg’s mill made yarns, blankets and flannels. Incorporated in 1872 as the Cedarburg Woolen Mill, it was the only extensive woolen mill in 1878. A branch mill built in . . . — — Map (db m30689) HM
Built in 1853 by Edward H. Janssen, with his brother Theodore and a Mr. Gaitsch, this mill exemplifies the local structural use of this area’s excellent native limestone during the middle 1800’s. — — Map (db m32802) HM
In 1856, Carl Ludwig Deecke (1814-1864), pronounced Decker, purchased 10 acres of land at the intersection of Plank Road (CTH NN) and Granville Road. In 1858, Deecke petitioned the Cedarburg Town Board of Supervisors to layout a "good, serviceable" . . . — — Map (db m135849) HM
This area was originally settled by Patrick Halpin who purchased a land patent for the northern half of the intersection in 1844. Five Corners was named for the intersection of the State Road (presently STH 60) from Jackson to Grafton with Plank . . . — — Map (db m152031) HM
Settled by Irish immigrants, “New Dublin” was renamed in 1847 after William S. Hamilton, son of Alexander, spent the night here in what became the first stagecoach stop between Milwaukee and Green Bay (1848). Settled before Cedarburg, . . . — — Map (db m32799) HM
The Hamilton Turnhalle, a fieldstone building trimmed with cut limestone quoins, lintels and sills, was constructed by local farmers and merchants in 1867. Edward Janssen was the contractor.
The last remaining turner hall of its type in the . . . — — Map (db m51002) HM
The source of Cedarburg’s vigor from its birth as a village in 1845 was the power-producing creek that the Irish and German immigrants found here. After building five dams and five mills, the life of the community flowed along the banks of the Cedar . . . — — Map (db m147967) HM
In 1907, the Milwaukee Northern Railway Company constructed this riveted-steel Thru Truss Bridge over Cedar Creek. Manufactured by Carnegie Steel and measuring 159 ft. long by 12 ft. wide by 20 ft. high, the bridge was . . . — — Map (db m80528) HM
At the intersection of present day Covered Bridge and Kaehlers Mill Roads was the hamlet of Kaehlers Mill. A flouring mill was established in about 1847 by Charles F. Uhlig. After going bankrupt, Uhlig's mother sold the west half of the northwest . . . — — Map (db m58534) HM
This bridge was built by the Town of Cedarburg on petition of neighboring farmers to replace periodically washed out bridges. Pine logs, cut and milled at Baraboo, were fitted and set in place in lattice truss construction with 3 X 10 inch planks . . . — — Map (db m31237) HM
The American Liberty elm was named after "The Liberty Tree": Our Country's first Symbol of Freedom. On the morning of August 14, 1765, the people of Boston awakened to discover two effigies suspended from an elm tree in protest of the hated Stamp . . . — — Map (db m58878) HM
Origin of Cedar Creek
Dropping approximately eighty feet in two and half miles, Cedar Creek’s falling water power provided enough energy to drive Cedarburg’s many mills for over one hundred years. The creek rises from big and Little Cedar . . . — — Map (db m31240) HM
From the beginning, energy played a vital role in Cedarburg's history. In the mid-1800s, the swift currents and natural falls of Cedar Creek attracted German immigrants who harnessed the energy to power their grain mills. The mills brought people . . . — — Map (db m87078) HM
It was on this site in the 1840s that Christian Boerner opened a general store, selling primarily dry goods. Little could anyone imagine that this store would ultimately become a movie theater so significant to the life and tradition of the . . . — — Map (db m88548) HM
Washington Avenue Historic District
Even before Cedarburg incorporated in 1885, the community thrived with mills, shops, hotels, churches and residences, many of which remain in Cedarburg’s commercial center as part of the Washington Avenue . . . — — Map (db m147968) HM
The area around Falls Road and Twelfth Avenue was originally known as Milwaukee Falls. The location of the dam and millrace, which were removed in 2000, attracted several manufacturers through the years. A chair factory was built in 1848, the same . . . — — Map (db m86915) HM
This park was once part of a limestone quarry operated by the Milwaukee Falls Lime Company, incorporated in 1890. Five vertical kilns were built for burning limestone from the quarry on the site to make quicklime. The kilns were . . . — — Map (db m95172) HM
History of the Lime Kiln Dam
Sources: Great Lakes Archaeological Research Center and Ozaukee County Staff
The Milwaukee Falls Lime Company was established in 1892 with the opening of a limestone quarry in the Village of Grafton. The . . . — — Map (db m95157) HM
Fish Passage Program
Between 2006-2013, the Ozaukee County Planning and Parks Department was awarded over $8.5 million in federal, state, local, and private funding to develop, refine, and implement a comprehensive "Ozaukee Fish Passage . . . — — Map (db m149146)
Welcome to Paramount Plaza, a monument that recognizes the tremendous musical legacy that was recorded and produced in the Village of Grafton between 1917 and 1932!
The Paramount recordings etched their way into American history at a time when . . . — — Map (db m86767) HM
Many of the most important recordings in blues history were made at the studio of Paramount Records, located here on the grounds of the Wisconsin Chair Company factory. Between 1929 and 1932 Mississippi-born blues pioneers including Charley . . . — — Map (db m86917) HM
Enhancing the River and improving water quality. The Milwaukee River watershed is part of the Milwaukee Basin encompassing roughly 860 square miles of land in Southeast Wisconsin. The Basin discharges into Lake Michigan, the source of drinking water . . . — — Map (db m131510) HM
History of the Baesemann Log House
The Baesemann Log Cabin originally stood near the intersection of Highland Road and Wasaukee Road (about 1 mile west and 1 mile north of its present
site). The exact date of the building is unknown . . . — — Map (db m189853) HM
History of the Cemetery Outhouse
The Cemetery Outhouse is a typical building from the turn-of-the-century (i.e. 1900). Because of the more or less "public" use of this building it was partitioned into two sections. One entrance was for the . . . — — Map (db m95658) HM
History of the Smokehouse
The Smokehouse was originally constructed during the 1860's on the Gierach farm on the northeast corner of Bonniwell Road and Wasaukee Road.
It is constructed of logs with a chinking of clay and straw, . . . — — Map (db m95662) HM
In the late 1830’s a number of settlers moved to this area from the eastern states of the US. Known as “Yankees”, they were attracted by the government’s sale of land at $1.25 per acre. In 1835 land east of Range Line Road was put up for . . . — — Map (db m74026) HM
The History of the Bake Oven
This working Bake Oven, constructed between 1840 and 1844, was originally located in Rockfield (about 5 miles northwest of Freistadt) on Rockfield Rd. It was used before the popular wood-fired kitchen stoves . . . — — Map (db m95666) HM
History of Mueller Machin Shed
The Mueller Machine shed was built in the 1870's and is sided in sawn lumber. It was originally located on the farm of Werner Mueller, an early member of the Freistadt community. The farm was on Mequon Road, . . . — — Map (db m95665) HM
In early October 1839, approximately 20 families settled near this site to found the colony of Freistadt. Prompted by religious persecution in the homeland, the group sought and found religious haven in Wisconsin. The first log cabin was located . . . — — Map (db m31267) HM
History of the Parsonage Barn
The Parsonage Barn was built in 1867, and is the only building at this historical grounds to remain at its original location.
This is an original 'fachwerk' barn. 'Fachwerk' is a . . . — — Map (db m95668) HM
The History of the Radue Chicken Coop
The Radue Chicken Coop was originally located on the August Radue farm (about 1 mi. east of its present location, north of Freistadt Road, on Farmdale Road).
This building was acquired by the . . . — — Map (db m95657) HM
History of the Teacherage Summer Kitchen
The construction date of the summer kitchen is unknown, and is difficult to estimate. This summer kitchen was originally the entrance to the Buffalo Synod church that stood in the area.
There . . . — — Map (db m95667) HM
History of Trinity Horse Sheds
Trinity-Freistadt Congregation had horse sheds located on three different sites. The first horse sheds were located north of the present school building. The second sheds were west of Granville Road, south of . . . — — Map (db m95664) HM
Trinity School Woodshed
This structure was built in 1881. It was first used as a woodshed for the original stone schoolhouses of Freistadt, on built in the 1850's and the other in 1873. One schoolhouse was used to educate younger children . . . — — Map (db m95669) HM
Vogt Wood Shed
The Woodshed was located on the Karl Vogt property on the east side of Granville Road just north of the Lindenwood School. It was constructed between 1895 and 1900 and was moved to its present location in 1985.
Karl . . . — — Map (db m95659) HM
The oldest German settlements in Wisconsin are found in the Town of Mequon. In 1839 a small group of German immigrants from Saxony settled near the Milwaukee River. They were followed that same year by about twenty immigrant families from Pomerania . . . — — Map (db m31219) HM
1835: Port Washington is founded. No natural harbor exists.
Circa 1844: A private pier is built at the end of "Pier" Street.
1849: The first lighthouse and keeper's dwelling is built on the north bluff (St. Mary's Hill).
1860: New . . . — — Map (db m88894) HM
Recovered from Lake Michigan 1900
Erected to the Memory
Passengers and Crews who lost
their lives in the wrecks of the
Steamers Toledo and Niagara
wrecked off Port Washington, WIS.
1856 — — Map (db m118457) HM
Built in 1852 by Barnum Blake
Early Businessman, Entrepreneur, Land Speculator
Additions to Building circa 1900 and 1960
Restored by Port Washington
Historical Society, 2013
205 N. Franklin Street
Is a contributing . . . — — Map (db m120589) HM
Charles A. Mueller (1842–1923) emigrated from Germany with his family in 1854 to Detroit, Michigan. He later moved to Wisconsin and learned the tanner's trade in Two Rivers. Mueller worked at Paul Wolf’s Tannery in Port Washington from 1861 to 1863. . . . — — Map (db m176661) HM
A cistern is an enclosure usually constructed of brick, cut stone or cement that is used to collect rainwater, which runs off the roof via large rain gutters and downspouts. Its purpose is to supply water for bathing and other household uses. This . . . — — Map (db m183491) HM
Prairies once covered more than 2.1 million acres of Wisconsin. When Europeans settled the area, they destroyed much of it to make way for farming and development. Now only about 10,000 scattered acres of native prairie remain in the state.
When . . . — — Map (db m128692) HM
Lake Michigan and its feeder tributaries have been continually fished for centuries, first by Indigenous populations and much later by European and American settlers. This peninsula of land, where Sauk Creek empties into Lake Michigan, was the . . . — — Map (db m223749) HM
This Fishermen's Park Access Bridge over the Sauk Creek is the only remaining King Post Bridge in Wisconsin. It is unique for its all-metal King Post Construction, certified as significant in 1987 by the National Park Service using criteria for the . . . — — Map (db m120598) HM
On March 10, 2012 twenty four year old Peter Dougherty lost his life while kayaking off the shores of South Beach. Six months later on September 2, 2012, Tyler Buczek lost his life while swimming with friends off the shores of North Beach. This . . . — — Map (db m88547) HM
Many migratory bird species are threatened by habitat destruction both at their wintering grounds in Central and South America and their breeding areas in the northern U.S. and Canada. In addition, these birds must pass twice yearly above a . . . — — Map (db m88790) HM
Jacob Moritz started a brewery on this site in 1847, aging beer in long tunnels dug into the hillside. Gottlieb Biedermann and John Bostwick took ownership in 1881 and named it Lakeside Brewery. In 1905, Louis and Charles Labahn, with brewmaster . . . — — Map (db m189546) HM
Tycoon, industrialist, and politician Leland Stanford moved to Port Washington, Wisconsin, from Albany, New York in 1848, shortly after entering the bar. After Port Washington's 1852 fire destroyed his law office, which was located in the block . . . — — Map (db m79442) HM
The schooner Northerner was built in 1850 at Clayton, N.Y. and sold to Nicholas Ronk and Andreas Ryerson in 1865. While loading cordwood at the village of Amsterdam, 12 miles north of Port Washington, she struck bottom and was damaged. The . . . — — Map (db m183368) HM
The unwritten code of the lakes dictates that seamen come to the aid of anyone in peril. In this regard the fishermen of Port Washington time and again showed their mettle.
At the time of the September equinox, 1895 a furious gale was . . . — — Map (db m88885) HM
The oil house was built in 1894 when the Lighthouse Service began using more flammable fuel in the lamps, and it was no longer deemed safe to store this type of fuel inside the main dwelling. The oil house was torn down in 1934 and the bricks were . . . — — Map (db m183493) HM
Port Washington played a historic role in the production and distribution of some of America's greatest blues and gospel music in the 1920s and '30s. The talent roster of Paramount Records, founded here in 1917, featured many iconic blues . . . — — Map (db m191374) HM
During the Civil War, Wisconsin Governor Edward Salomon postponed the draft several times but finally gave authorization for several counties to hold lotteries. In Ozaukee County, Draft Commissioner William A. Pors set Monday, . . . — — Map (db m62754) HM
This fire engine house was built in 1929 on the site of an 1884 multi-purpose wooden fire house. Architect John Topzant of Milwaukee designed the Mediterranean Revival-style building with tan brick walls, a Spanish tile roof, and a campanile-like . . . — — Map (db m47075) HM
The Port Washington Power Plant of the Wisconsin Electric Power Company was the most thermally-efficient steam power plant in the world for many years following its opening in 1935. Its design reflected the cumulative experience of the utility's . . . — — Map (db m129369) HM
The dream of Clarence Hill and George Henry was realized when on Sept. 11, 1899, they opened the doors of their new bank at 206 N. Franklin St. Hill came to the city from Manitowoc, where he helped organize the First National Bank in 1894, and where . . . — — Map (db m88788) HM
This 13'8" propeller, weighing 7 tons, is from the S.S. BADGER, which was built by the Christy Corporation of Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin and launched in 1952. The SPARTAN, a twin of the BADGER was built at the same time. The two carferries bear the . . . — — Map (db m95174) HM
Work to revitalize Sauk Creek and improve habitat for resident and migratory fish began in the summer of 1994. The project called for cleanup of the creek, creation of deeper and narrower channels, stabilization of stream banks and creation of fish . . . — — Map (db m118466) HM
Spears and Clubs
The Indians used handmade spears and clubs, from shore or in primitive boats, to catch the many species of fish native to the shallow waters of Lake Michigan.
The seine net was anchored at one end, to . . . — — Map (db m88805) HM
You are standing in the heart of what was once known as Knellsville, WI. Established around 1852, this hamlet was named after one of its earliest settlers, William Knell. For over 100 years, Knellsville was a bustling community of homes and . . . — — Map (db m135853) HM
HistoryThe first settlers arrived in Port Washington in 1835. General Wooster Harrison became the town's first settler, laying out 16 acres of the gently sloping land at the mouth of Sauk Creek. In 1848, following years of petitioning Congress, . . . — — Map (db m183580) HM
Built in 1850 by John Oades of Clayton, NY, the Northerner began as a lakeshoring vessel on Lake Ontario, transporting general merchandise to and from American and Canadian ports for Henry T. Bacon. Around 1863 the Northerner began its career on . . . — — Map (db m129368) HM
The Old Ozaukee County Courthouse
in Port Washington, Wisconsin
is listed in the
National Register of Historic Places
December 12, 1976
The State Historical Society of Wisconsin in association with the U.S. Department of Interior — — Map (db m73833) HM
One of the largest manufacturers of chairs in the United States, the Wisconsin Chair Company of Port Washington was founded by Fred A. Dennett and John M. Bostwick in 1888. After acquiring the important “MacLean Swing Rocker” patent in . . . — — Map (db m31454) HM
The lure of the lake is magnetic and hypnotizing to a true commercial fisherman. It draws him into its embrace from the time he is born to the day he is laid to rest. The lake mesmerizes him with its beauty, strength and sometimes terror. It . . . — — Map (db m88895) HM
The Indians who spent their summers where Sauk Creek and Lake Michigan meet were Port Washington's first fishermen. They used rocks or clubs to kill fish in shallow water. Later, spears were used. Then, crude hooks were fashioned out of bone. With . . . — — Map (db m88898) HM
Andrew Lodde was working on fish tugs by the time he was sixteen in 1888. He started with the Van Ells in Port Washington, then off of Jones Island and back to Port when the fish company relocated here. In 1913 Andrew formed a partnership with the . . . — — Map (db m88899) HM
The Toledo was a steamship that was built for the freight and passenger trade in the upper lakes area. It was commissioned by Charles H. Lee and Associates in 1854 and taken over by the American Transportation Company in 1855. The Toledo was part of . . . — — Map (db m135855) HM
This is the site of the original well for the 1849 and 1860 light station. It was only 32 feet deep and the water was not potable. The well pulley is from the steamer Toledo, which was battered to pieces in a storm off Port Washington in 1856 . . . — — Map (db m183753) HM
This bell once graced the tower of Wisconsin Street School, which stood adjacent to the present fire station. School bells such as this were often used to sound the fire alarm. The school was an early Port Washington public school, as well as the . . . — — Map (db m95176) HM
Before European settlement, old growth, Sugar Maple-American Beech-Basswood forests originally covered nearly 3.5 million acres in Wisconsin. Through fragmentation and conversion to farmland, only about 50,000 acres of this forest remain. A . . . — — Map (db m129370) HM
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