“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Entries Containing the Word «jefferson»

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Louis Dembitz Brandeis Marker image, Touch for more information
By Shane Oliver, July 3, 2021
Louis Dembitz Brandeis Marker
1Kentucky (Jefferson County), Louisville — Louis Dembitz Brandeis1856 - 1941 — Louis D. Brandeis-Jefferson Hall of Justice —
Born in Louisville and educated at Male High School. Graduated first in Harvard Law School, class of 1877. Practiced law in Boston where he championed the rights of individuals and was known for his social activism. First Jew appointed to U.S. . . . Map (db m179129) HM
2South Carolina (Aiken County), Warrenville — 2-34 — Jefferson High School / Rev. Austin Jefferson, Sr.
Jefferson High School Jefferson High School opened in 1956 as a junior high and high school for African-American students of Beech Island, Belvedere, Graniteville, Jackson, Langley-Bath-Clearwater, and North Augusta, with Herman W.W. Fennell . . . Map (db m31675) HM

3Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — Jefferson Street's Rich HistoryWelcome to Kossie Gardner Sr. Park
Native American Roots Long before the settlement of Nashville, Native Americans had strong ties to this land. Archaeological Investigations have returned varied and numerous prehistoric artifacts from the Middle Woodland Period (200BCE - . . . Map (db m206501) HM

4South Dakota (Union County), Jefferson — 399 — Postmasters Jefferson
William Mathers   (Willow)   Aug. 29, 1861 Desire Chaussee   "   Jan. 13, 1864 Charles P. Heath   "   Feb. 6, 1865 Owen F. Stevens   "   Mar. 26, 1868 Joseph F. Culliman   "   Oct. 23, 1868 Joseph Dupins   (Adelescat)   Nov. 17, 1869 . . . Map (db m190144) HM

5Florida (Monroe County), Key West — In Memory of Dr. Samuel A. Mudd1833 - 1883 — Imprisoned Fort Jefferson, Florida (July 24, 1865) —
“...upon occasion of the prevalence of the yellow fever...Samuel A. Mudd devoted himself to the care and cure of the sick and interposed his courage and skill to protect the garrison...from peril and alarm, and thus...saved many valuable lives . . . Map (db m9305) HM
6Georgia (Bibb County), Macon — The Lanier House"He looked bronzed and somewhat careworn, but hardy and vigorous." — Jefferson Davis Heritage Trail —
The Lanier House, for decades Macon's premiere hotel, opened on June 12, 1850 at this location. Macon native and poet Sidney Lanier was a member of the inn-keeping family. With additions the hotel stretched 135 feet on Mulberry Street with a cast . . . Map (db m130961) HM WM
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7Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-501 — Davis' DivisionMcCook's Corps — Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis —
Davis' Division - McCook's Corps Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis (September 19th, 1863, 2 to 5 p.m.) 1st Brigade - Colonel P. Sidney Post. 2d Brigade - Brigadier General William P. Carlin 3d Brigade - Colonel Hans C. Heg. . . . Map (db m102115) HM
8Georgia (Pulaski County), Hawkinsville — A $100,000 Reward"...a perceptible change..." — Jefferson Davis Heritage Trail —
After capturing Confederate President Jefferson Davis, his family, staff and escort just north of Irwinville, Georgia near dawn on Wednesday, May 10, 1865, Union Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin D. Pritchard and his 135-man detachment of the 4th Michigan . . . Map (db m174535) HM
9Georgia (Pulaski County), Hawkinsville — Federal PursuitHawkinsville and Pulaski County — Jefferson Davis Heritage Trail —
Pulaski County was created in 1808 and named for Count Casimir Pulaski. He was a Polish born Brigadier General and hero during the American Revolution who was mortally wounded at Savannah, Georgia in 1779. Hawkinsville became the county seat in . . . Map (db m174537) HM
10Georgia (Walker County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-502-03 — Davis' DivisionMcCook's Corps — Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis —
Text on the first tablet: Davis' Division - McCook's Corps Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis September 20th, 1863. 1st Brigade - Colonel P. Sidney Post. Guarding Trains. 2nd Brigade - Brigadier General . . . Map (db m107404) HM
11Georgia (Walker County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-500 — Davis' DivisionMcCook's Corps — Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis —
Davis' Division - McCook's Corps Brigadier General Jefferson C. Davis September 19th, 1863, Noon. 1st Brigade - Colonel P. Sidney Post. 2d Brigade - Brigadier General William P. Carlin 3d Brigade - Colonel Hans C. Heg. The . . . Map (db m120378) HM
12Georgia (Washington County), Sandersville — L17 — Washington County Courthouse"We had fought for the town and it was our plunder." — Jefferson Davis Heritage Trail —
On Thursday, November 24, 1864, the 14th and 20th Corps of Union Major General William T. Sherman's army began entering Washington County. By November 26th the 28,000 soldiers of the two corps arrived in Sandersville, marching on separate roads . . . Map (db m103235) HM
13Georgia (Wilkes County), Washington — 5 — Washington SquareSanctuary for the President — Jefferson Davis Heritage Trail —
Secession sentiment was strong on Thursday, December 15, 1860, when a rally in Washington, Georgia raised a new flag over the cupola of the Wilkes County Courthouse located in the center of the town's square. It was a blue banner with a large white . . . Map (db m200043) HM
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14Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Ice House — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Master carpenter James Dinsmore oversaw construction of this Ice House to Jefferson's design in 1802. Enslaved and hired workers filled it each year between November and February with ice cut from the nearby Rivanna River, shallow ponds, or snow . . . Map (db m68174) HM
15Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Mulberry Row — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Every article is made on his farm; his negroes are cabinet makers, carpenters, masons, bricklayers, smith, etc. Duc de La Rochefoucauld Liancourt, 1796
You are standing on Mulberry Row, a road once lined with more . . . Map (db m68171) HM
16Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Textiles — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Panel 1 Jefferson introduced mechanized cloth production to his plantation when trade embargoes and looming war cut off the supply of imported British cloth. In 1811, he hired William McLure, a free white artisan and "a very ingenious man," . . . Map (db m68175) HM
17Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Levy Legacy — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
After Jefferson's death in 1826, his heirs sold his property, including his slaves, to pay his debts. Naval officer Uriah Phillips Levy, who admired Jefferson for his support of religious liberty, purchased Monticello in 1834 to preserve it. This is . . . Map (db m80808) HM

18Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — North Terrace Wing
What you see here is a reconstruction of the North Terrace wing. The original wing, built 1801-05, housed Jefferson's carriages and the horses and carriages of visitors; most of Jefferson's horses were stabled at the east end of Mulberry Row. Horses . . . Map (db m100469) HM

19Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — The Jefferson Highway
The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 was the first large step for the United States to complete its calling of Manifest Destiny to expand from sea to shining sea. Though national attention focused on east-west travel it would be another 114 years . . . Map (db m188373) HM

20Alabama (Jefferson County), Bessemer — Canaan Baptist ChurchJefferson County's Oldest Baptist Church
Organized September 5, 1818 in home of Isaac Brown 3 miles west of Elyton. Met in homes and schoolhouse near Old Jonesboro until 1824. First building erected on site now the 14th Street entrance to Cedar Hill cemetery. Canaan Association (now . . . Map (db m37218) HM
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21Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — New Hope CemeteryJefferson County
New Hope Baptist Church and Cemetery were established here on land with a log house donated by Mr. & Mrs. Andrew Jackson Glass on August 21, 1884, for religious and educational purposes. The five-member church began with trustee Manson Glass. On . . . Map (db m83832) HM
22Alabama (Jefferson County), Clay — Clay Methodist CemeteryJefferson County
Local Methodist connections for Clay Methodist Church were Cedar Mountain Church and Shiloh Methodist Church. Samuel, a Revolutionary War soldier, was a notable member of these early churches. Many of his descendants are buried here. James Self . . . Map (db m117209) HM
23Alabama (Jefferson County), Leeds — Mt. Hebron CemeteryJefferson County
In April 1836, William White donated land for a church and cemetery. In December 1904, William T. Simmons and his wife R. A. sold adjoining land to the church adding to the cemetery. The oldest marked grave is for Hepsey Herring who died October 8, . . . Map (db m83917) HM
24Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — 4 — From Bus Boycott to Voting Rights: Community Activism 1955-65West Jefferson Davis near Loveless School — Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail —
The foundation of the civil rights movement was based in the grassroots strength of West Montgomery. The historic black communities located along this route provided the leadership and support for over a decade. Whether it was the clergymen, the . . . Map (db m91466) HM
25Arkansas (Hempstead County), Hope — "I Still Believe In A Place Called Hope"President William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"In this house I learned to walk and talk. I learned to pray I learned to read and I learned to count by number cards my grandparents tacked on the kitchen window." — President Clinton, Dedication Speech at the . . . Map (db m161922) HM
26District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1806Thomas Jefferson
Better roads link the nation and enable people and goods to move inland. In 1806, Thomas Jefferson signs the law authorizing the construction of the first federal highway, the National Road.Map (db m112734) HM
27Florida (Monroe County), Key West — 15-Inch RodmanFort Jefferson — Dry Tortugas National Park —
In 1873 Fort Jefferson's armament was modernized to include six 15-inch Rodman smoothbore cannon and four 300-pounder rifled Parrott guns. Of the 141 guns listed at the fort when the garrison left in 1874, only those 10 remain here today. The other . . . Map (db m193412) HM
28Florida (Monroe County), Key West — GunroomsFort Jefferson — Dry Tortugas National Park —
The 8- and 10-inch columbiads were standard U.S. cannon for coast defense. They were cast-iron, muzzle-loading smoothbores. The 8-inch weighed 9,210 pounds and when elevated 4” threw a 65-pound ball about a mile. From the top of the fort, the . . . Map (db m100238) HM
29Florida (Monroe County), Key West — Keeping Powder Dry and SafeFort Jefferson — Dry Tortugas National Park —
A fort's effectiveness in the 1800s depended in large part on its gunpowder supply. Keeping the powder dry and avoiding explosions were critical. This powder magazine's special features included wooden floors and walls to prevent sparks, and vents . . . Map (db m193408) HM
30Florida (Monroe County), Key West — Red-Hot CannonballsFort Jefferson — Dry Tortugas National Park —
Imagine what it was like to heat solid cannonballs in a hot shot furnace like this one, so gun crews could fire red-hot projectiles at wooden warships to set them ablaze. This process involved several soldiers. One soldier maintained the coal fire . . . Map (db m193410) HM
31Florida (Monroe County), Key West — Water in "Dry" TortugasFort Jefferson — Dry Tortugas National Park —
Fort engineers designed an innovative system to collect and store rainwater to provide fresh water for the islands 1500 planned residents. Garden Key receives about 30 inches of rain a year. Rain falling on the fort's top tier filtered down . . . Map (db m193731) HM
32Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 25-40 — Comer HouseJefferson Davis
Jefferson Davis, former President of the Confederate States of America, was a guest in 1886 in the house on the northeast corner of Bull and Taylor Streets. The residence (built about 1880) was at that time the home of Hugh M. Comer, President of . . . Map (db m5983) HM
33Louisiana (Avoyelles Parish), Bunkie — Bunkie Depot MuseumJefferson Highway Historic Site
The Texas and Pacific Railway established a station on the main line at Bunkie in 1882. The current depot, built in 1911 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places, is the only existing reminder of the importance of the railway to . . . Map (db m208821) HM
34Maryland (Frederick County), Burkittsville — Cobb’s Brigade McLaw’s Division C.S.A.Lt. Col. Jefferson M. Lamar & Cobb's Georgia Legion
Cobb’s Brigade McLaw’s Division C.S.A. ———— At 1 P.M. on September 14, 1862, Cobb’s Brigade under Gen. Howell Cobb of Athens, GA. marched from Sandy Hook to Brownsville at the west foot of . . . Map (db m1964) HM
35Maryland (Frederick County), Jefferson — Honoring Our VeteransJefferson, Maryland
In honor and memory of the brave men and women in the armed forced of the United States from the Jefferson area who have so faithfully served out country. Your courage, devotion, and sacrifice in providing us protection and our many freedoms will . . . Map (db m103443) WM
36Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — 3 — Adam Robb's TavernW. Jefferson St. between S. Washington and Maryland Ave. — Rockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour —
At this tavern in 1789, Adam Robb purchased Josiah Henson, a five-year-old enslaved boy. His mother worked as a slave nearly ten miles away on Isaac Riley's farm. Henson's 1849 autobiography was the inspiration for Harriet Beecher Stowe's 1852 . . . Map (db m174752) HM
37Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — 5 — Hungerford TavernLocation: West Jefferson and South Washington Streets — Rockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour —
The tavern owner's African American slaves most likely operated Hungerford Tavern. Slaves traveling with their masters were expected to care for them if they became too rowdy or drunk. A meeting place for tobacco planters and lawyers to . . . Map (db m174749) HM
38Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — 5 — Hungerford TavernWest Jefferson and South Washington Street — Rockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour —
Hungerford Tavern was most likely operated by the tavern owner's African American slaves. African American slaves traveling with their masters were expected to care for them if they became too rowdy or drunk at taverns. A meeting place for . . . Map (db m43560) HM
39Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — 5 — Hungerford Tavern / Susan Russell HouseLocation: Northwest Corner of West Jefferson and South Washington Street — Explore Early Rockville Walking Tour —
Charles Hungerford's tavern was the site of important events in the early history of Montgomery County. Three months prior to the Continental Congress in 1774, local citizens met at Hungerford Tavern to protest oppressive actions of the British . . . Map (db m137723) HM
40Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — 6 — Prettyman House104 West Jefferson Street — Rockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour —
For many African Americans emancipation from slavery meant transitioning from a household slave to a paid domestic servant. The Johnson-Prettyman family lived in this 1841 house for five generations. During their ownership they transitioned . . . Map (db m56261) HM
41Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — 13 — Prettyman HouseLocation: 104 West Jefferson Street — Explore Early Rockville Walking Tour —
This house was built on 13.5-acre lot on the outskirts of Rockville in 1842. A stone marking the southwest corner of the original 1803 Rockville Plan is between this house and the adjacent Rockville Academy grounds. Matilda Holland, widow of . . . Map (db m174805) HM
42Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — 6 — Prettyman HouseLocation: 104 West Jefferson Street — Rockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour —
For many African-Americans, emancipation from slavery meant transitioning from being a household slave to a paid domestic servant. The Johnston-Prettyman family lived in this 1841 house for five generations. During their ownership they . . . Map (db m174807) HM
43Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — 12 — Rockville Baptist Church and CemeteryLocation: West Jefferson Street and West Montgomery Avenue — Explore Early Rockville Walking Tour —
In 1823, the deacons of the Bethel Baptist Church acquired a half-acre lot at this site to erect a church and provide a burial ground. The original church was replaced in 1864, but a half century later, the congregation demolished it and built a . . . Map (db m174803) HM
44Michigan (Macomb County), St. Clair Shores — Labadie FarmSouthwest Corner of Jefferson Avenue and Ten Mile Road
The earliest settlers in St. Clair Shores, mostly of French descent, lived along the lake with the friendly Potawatomi and Chippewa Indians. They called the area L’Anse Creuse. Farmers settled on lots called strip or ribbon farms which were from two . . . Map (db m181449) HM
45Michigan (Wayne County), Dearborn — Model AIn Jefferson Intake Tunnel Circa 1929.
This Model A sits inside one of the huge intake tunnels that brought water to the Rouge Complex from the city of Detroit.Map (db m165389) HM
46Missouri (Cole County), Jefferson City — The founding of Lincoln UniversityLincoln University, Jefferson City, Missouri — ★ Sacrifice ★ Education ★ Equality ★ Humanity ★ Courage ★ —
Lincoln University was founded by the black enlisted men of the 62nd and 65th United States Colored Infantries and their white officers who fought for the cause of the Union during the Civil War. the black soldiers of these two regiments were the . . . Map (db m169386) HM
47Missouri (St. Charles County), St. Charles — First State Capitol of MissouriCity of St. Charles, 1821 • City of Jefferson 1921
On the tenth day of August A.D. 1821 the President of the United States proclaimed the admission of Missouri to statehood. On this spot was located the First State Capitol of Missouri.Map (db m169213) HM
48Missouri, St. Louis — Action and ReactionJefferson National Expansion Memorial — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
I am threatened with violence and death because I dare to advocate, in any way, the cause of the oppressed…And I am prepared to abide the consequences. Elijah P. Lovejoy, 1835
Elijah Lovejoy . . . Map (db m139676) HM
49Missouri, St. Louis — An Explosion Saves The CityJefferson National Expansion Memorial — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Near this spot, once the corner of Market and Second streets, a firebreak stopped the flames that threatened St. Louis. In May 1849, a fire started onboard the steamboat White Cloud. Strong winds blew the flames from boat too boat . . . Map (db m162193) HM
50Missouri, St. Louis — Church DomainJefferson National Expansion Memorial
The Old Cathedral in front of you is the first Roman Catholic cathedral west of the Mississippi and the fourth church building to stand on this site. Completed in 1834, it was a hub of Catholic expansion in the west in the mid-to late-1800s. . . . Map (db m210400) HM
51Missouri, St. Louis — Commercial BeginningsJefferson National Expansion Memorial — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On this site Maxent, Laclede, & Company built the first structure in St. Louis. Unlike typical towns of that time, St. Louis was founded for trade, not for religious, farming, or defense purposes. Pierre Laclede and Auguste Chouteau . . . Map (db m162192) HM
52Missouri, St. Louis — Freedom Denied, Freedom GainedJefferson National Expansion Memorial — National Park Service, U.S. Deparment of the Interior —
In 1854 Dred Scott, his wife Harriet, and a group of lawyers stood before the federal court here in St. Louis. The court rejected their claim for freedom. Four years earlier, Dred and Harriet sued for their freedom at the Old Courthouse and . . . Map (db m162191) HM
53Missouri, St. Louis — Gateway to the WestJefferson National Expansion Memorial — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
William Clark's Indian Council Chamber once stood here as the gateway between east and west. After the Lewis and Clark Expedition, Clark became the Superintendent of Indian Affairs in the West. From here, he executed the government policy of . . . Map (db m124953) HM
54Missouri, St. Louis — Miles of SteamboatsJefferson National Expansion Memorial
St. Louis was the third busiest port in the United States during its 1830s to 1850s heyday. Steamboats waiting to load and unload their cargo lined up for miles along the Mississippi River. Field calls of dockworkers filled the air. You might have . . . Map (db m124954) HM
55Missouri, St. Louis — Sold on the Steps of JusticeJefferson National Expansion Museum
Auctions were once a common site on the stately steps of the Old Courthouse in front of you. The court organized property sales when people went bankrupt or died without a will. Between 1839 and 1862, the court sold more than 500 enslaved men, . . . Map (db m119024) HM
56Missouri, St. Louis — The Gateway ArchJefferson National Expansion Memorial
Dedicated to the People of the United States May 25, 1968 Lyndon B. Johnson President of the United States The City of St. Louis Missouri The United States Territorial Expansion Memorial Committee [The Gateway Arch was . . . Map (db m26866) HM
57Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Capt. Lewis…will…give us accounts of new things onlyThomas Jefferson, February 28, 1803
Between 1804 and 1806, the Corps of Discovery traveled from St. Louis, Missouri, to the Pacific coast and back. President Jefferson instructed Meriwether Lewis to collect information on "the soil & face of the country, [its] growth & vegetable . . . Map (db m72050) HM
58Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — endeavor to make yourself acquainted…with…the nationsThomas Jefferson's instructions to Meriwether Lewis, June 20, 1803
In August 1804, members of the Expedition visited villages like this one, homes to the Otoe and Missouria who lived in what is today Omaha. Planning to invite these tribes to a council, or meeting, the explorers found the villages deserted. The . . . Map (db m72049) HM
59Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — Westwardly by the WatersAlbert Gallatin letter to Thomas Jefferson, April 13, 1803
In 1803 the Missouri River carried the hopes of the young United States in its dark and unpredictable waters. President Thomas Jefferson sought a "direct & practicable water communication across the continent, for the purposes of commerce." The . . . Map (db m72059) HM
60New Jersey (Passaic County), Oak Ridge, Jefferson Township — Bicentennial Veterans MemorialJefferson Township
. . . Map (db m111685) WM
61North Carolina (Rockingham County), Reidsville — Piedmont RailroadFlight of Jefferson Davis
The Piedmont Railroad, chartered in 1862, linked Danville, Virginia, with Greensboro, North Carolina. Work began on the road that autumn in Danville, but wartime labor and supply shortages impeded progress on the 48-mile-long line, which did not . . . Map (db m63046) HM
62Ohio (Darke County), Fort Jefferson — Ash PitFort Jefferson
A relic laden ash pit was discovered at this site.Map (db m166330) HM
63Ohio (Darke County), Fort Jefferson — ExcavationFort Jefferson
Excavation in 1930 revealed site of blockhouse at this location.Map (db m166325) HM
64Ohio (Darke County), Fort Jefferson — FirepitFort Jefferson
A clay firepit, four feet square and two and one half feet deep, was uncovered at this point.Map (db m166326) HM
65Ohio (Darke County), Fort Jefferson — TrenchFort Jefferson
A trench lined with timber posts extended southwest from this point.Map (db m166328) HM
66Ohio (Darke County), Fort Jefferson — Underground PassageFort Jefferson
Beneath this spot a wooden treaded stairway was discovered leading into a passageway to well or magazine pit 80 feet to southwest, the passageway was six feet deep, three feet wide and lined with posts and puncheons.Map (db m166324) HM
67Ohio (Darke County), Fort Jefferson — Well or Magazine PitFort Jefferson
A twenty five foot well or magazine pit was excavated at this location. The opening was five feet square and the walls were lined with timbers. Among other things, a wooden windlass was found at the bottom of the well and is now at . . . Map (db m166327) HM
68Pennsylvania (York County), Jefferson — Gettysburg CampaignRaid on Jefferson
In June and July of 1863, about 7500 Confederate and Union soldiers passed through Jefferson, taking horses, livestock, supplies, and food from local residents. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's rebel troops occupied the town on June 30. Plundered by both North . . . Map (db m29577) HM
69Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8069 — Marion CountyCity of Jefferson
Established in 1845. Named in honor of Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826) Author of the Declaration of Independence of the United States Early navigation headquarters on Cypress Bayou. County seat of Marion County since 1860. . . . Map (db m110996) HM
70Virginia (Bedford County), Forest — “I have this summer built a wing of offices...”—Thomas Jefferson to John Wayles Eppes, 1814
The Wing of Offices was constructed on the east side of Jefferson's retreat home in 1814, “110 feet long, in the manner of those at Monticello, with a flat roof in the level of the floor of the house." Hannah, the enslaved cook, spent many of her . . . Map (db m198085) HM
71West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town Post OfficeJefferson County Jail
On the site of this Post Office stood the Jefferson County Jail where John Brown and his fellow prisoners were confined after their raid on Harpers Ferry in October 1859. After court trial John Brown was taken from the Jail here to his death on . . . Map (db m2027) HM
72West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Focus of ActionJefferson County in the Civil War
Jefferson County’s association with significant events in Civil War history began in October 1859, when abolitionist John Brown raided the U.S. Arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Quickly captured, Brown and his followers were brought here to Charles Town . . . Map (db m41671) HM
73West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The Trial of John BrownJefferson County Courthouse — Prelude to War —
One of the most famous trials in American history was held in this building in 1859, when John Brown and his followers faced charges of treason against Virginia, inciting slaves to rebel, and murder. Judge Richard Parker presided. The trial . . . Map (db m170247) HM
74West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — The Moler Familyof Jefferson County, West Virginia
In this cemetery are buried George Adam Moler (1714–1783) and his wife Eve. George Adam Moler came to American on Aug. 29, 1730 with his father Ludwig Mohler, settling first in Lancaster, Penn. He moved to this area around 1758. He received a land . . . Map (db m1962) HM

75Missouri (Cole County), Jefferson City — The State Capital During The Civil WarA State Divided: The Civil War in Missouri
Jefferson City witnessed many dramatic events during the Civil War. In the early months of the war, Secessionists and Unionists engaged in a tense contest for dominance. It ended in the hasty flight of the elected pro-Southern government and its . . . Map (db m62402) HM

76France, Occitanie (Hérault), Béziers — Thomas JeffersonSymbole de l’amitié Franco-Américaine — Symbol of Franco-American friendship —
Thomas Jefferson 13 Avil 1743 à Shadwell en Virginie — 4 Juillet 1826 à Monticello en Virginie Symbole de l’amitié Franco-Américaine. Ambassadeur des Etats-Unis en France 1785-1789. 3eme Président des Etats-Unis . . . Map (db m60195) HM
77Malta, Reġjun Xlokk, Valetta — US Mediterranean Squadron and USS ConstitutionAmerican and Maltese Sailors of the Barbary War 1801 - 1805
In honored memory of the American and Maltese sailors of the 1st Mediterranean Squadron of the United States Navy and its flagship U.S.S. Constitution. Their intrepid service helped to increase freedom of commerce on the Mediterranean Sea during the . . . Map (db m164227) HM WM
78Alabama (Bullock County), Midway — Jefferson Davis Highway
Soldiers of the Confederacy and of the World War Map (db m111575) HM
79Alabama (Chilton County), Marbury — Monument to Jefferson Manly Falkner1908
Alter the death of Jefferson Manly Falkner, Soldiers' Home founder in 1907, the Soldiers' Home Board of Control commissioned this obelisk in his honor. The monument was erected in 1908 under the northeast corner of the veranda of Memorial Hall. . . . Map (db m129411) HM
80Alabama (Cullman County), Cullman — Cullman County Confederate Memorial
This monument is dedicated to the brave men of the Confederacy, who gave their lives and livelihood for the noble cause. Mere words on a stone are little tribute to the measure they gave. But we do this so that future . . . Map (db m101105) WM
81Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Birmingham Water Works Company (1887) / Cahaba Pumping Station (1890)
Side A The Elyton Land Company, which had founded the city of Birmingham in 1871, established a subsidiary, the Birmingham Water Works Company in 1887. Dr. Henry M. Caldwell, President of the Elyton Land Company, contracted with Judge A. O. . . . Map (db m83806) HM
82Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Independent Presbyterian ChurchFounded 1915
The church was founded when the Rev. Henry M. Edmonds and many members of a Southern Presbyterian congregation withdrew from the local Presbytery. During the first seven years it met in Temple Emanu-El synagogue and held evening services in the . . . Map (db m27093) HM
83Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Jefferson County Courthouse Site
The county seat of Jefferson County was moved from Elyton to Birmingham in 1873. On this site stood the first Courthouse in the City of Birmingham. The Italianate style structure was designed by architect W. K. Ball. Completed in 1875, the . . . Map (db m27095) HM
84Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Jefferson County Courthouses
Territorial legislature designated home of Maj. Moses Kelly (in Jones Valley) as site of first court in this area of Alabama, 1818. After creation of Jefferson County, 1819, court held at Carrollsville (Powderly) until county seat established . . . Map (db m25743) HM
85Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Lane Park
In 1822 William Pullen, Revolutionary War veteran, acquired this land from the Federal Government for farming. In 1889 his heirs sold the land to the City of Birmingham for use as the New Southside Cemetery which operated from 1889 to 1909 with . . . Map (db m27096) HM
86Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Morris Avenue Historic District / Elyton Land Company (Successor, Birmingham Realty Co.)
Created 1972 by the Jefferson County Historical Commission, the district is based on this avenue. Morris Avenue was named for one of the founders of Birmingham, Josiah Morris, who paid $100,000 for 4,157 acres of the original site of the city in . . . Map (db m27156) HM
87Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Oak Hill Cemetery1871 – 1971 — D A R —
Among pioneer citizens of Birmingham who rest here are charter members of Alabama Society Daughters of the American RevolutionMap (db m206424) HM
88Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Racial Terrorism and Convict Leasing / Racial Violence at Brookside MinesCommunity Remembrance Project
Racial Terrorism and Convict Leasing. Thousands of black people were the victims of lynching and racial violence in the United States between 1877 and 1950 Lynching was a form of racial terrorism that went beyond only hanging, . . . Map (db m173372) HM
89Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — St. Vincent’s HospitalBirmingham’s Oldest Hospital
Named for St. Vincent de Paul, founder of the Daughters of Charity in France in 1633, the hospital opened December 20, 1898 in the temporarily rented Henry F. DeBardelaben mansion at 206 15th Street South. Father Patrick A. O’Reilly founded the . . . Map (db m27523) HM
90Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Alabama TheatreBuilt 1927
Built by the Publix Theater division of Paramount Studios. This movie palace opened on December 26th, 1927. The theatre, in Spanish / Moorish design by Graven and Mayger of Chicago, seated 2500 in a five story, three-tiered auditorium. Paramount's . . . Map (db m27337) HM
91Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Little Theater Clark Memorial Theatre Virginia Samford Theatre
Built in 1937 by Gen. Louis Verdier Clark from a design by architect William T. Warren as a community playhouse for cultural activities. It was recognized as one of the best of its kind in the nation. Mrs. Vassar Allen - first president, Bernard . . . Map (db m27513) HM
92Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Tutwiler Hotel / The Tutwiler-Ridgely RebirthEst. 1914
The Tutwiler Hotel In 1913, George Gordon Crawford, President of Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company, complained to Robert Jemison Jr., that when friends and officers from U.S. Steel came to town they had no decent place to stay. . . . Map (db m99317) HM
93Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Edgewood
Nathan Byars, II settled here in 1836, followed by William D. Satterwhite in 1853, and Phillip Thomas Griffin and his wife Mary Ann Byars Griffin in 1854. These early settlers cleared land, built homes and farmed in what was a vast wooded . . . Map (db m26946) HM
94Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Edgewood Lake (Drained 1940's) Birmingham Motor & Country Club / Edgewood Country Club(Demolished 1930's)
The developers of the Town of Edgewood, Stephen Smith and Troupe Brazelton, built the beautiful 117.4 acre lake and clubhouse in 1913-15. Amenities included a swimming pool, dance pavilion, fishing, boating and parking for hundreds of automobiles. . . . Map (db m26963) HM
95Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Hollywood / Hollywood Town Hall / Hollywood Country Club
Clyde Nelson, born in Columbiana, Alabama, was only 26 when he began development of the Town of Hollywood in 1926. With a sales force of 75 and the slogan "Out of the smoke zone, into the ozone" his beautiful community soon took shape. Homes were . . . Map (db m27091) HM
96Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Homewood
Beginning in the mid 19th century settlers first emigrated into a vast wooded wilderness now known as Homewood. On February 11, 1927, the merger of Edgewood, Grove Park and Rosedale became the new City of Homewood. On October 14, 1929 . . . Map (db m51156) HM
97Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Rosedale
Benjamin F. Roden formed the Clifton Land Company in 1886 to develop this area. The development was reorganized in 1889 as the South Birmingham Land Company. Theodore Smith, nurseryman and florist, moved here from Bedford, New York in the 1880's . . . Map (db m24344) HM
98Alabama (Jefferson County), Homewood — Union Hill Cemetery, Union Hill Methodist Episcopal Church, Union Hill School
This cemetery is the final resting place of many of Shades Valley's pioneer residents. A few of the earliest headstones date from the mid-1850s. Descendants of these settlers helped mold the cities of Mountain Brook and Homewood. Located on property . . . Map (db m26294) HM
99Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Briarwood Presbyterian Church PCA
The Presbyterian Church U.S. began an effort in May 1960 to organize a new Presbyterian Church in the Cahaba Heights area. Rev. Frank M. Barker, Jr. was asked to begin the process and began contacting prospective members in a door to door campaign. . . . Map (db m52185) HM
100Alabama (Jefferson County), Hoover — Brock’s Gap / Historic Gateway To BirminghamThe South and North Railroad Cut.
In 1858, the State of Alabama, wanting to develop coal and iron industries in Jefferson County, Had John T. Milner survey Shades Mountain for the most practical route for the South and North Railroad to cross. He selected Brock's Gap, named for . . . Map (db m26773) HM

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Dec. 9, 2022