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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Albuquerque, New Mexico

 
Clickable Map of Bernalillo County, New Mexico and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Bernalillo County, NM (135) Cibola County, NM (32) Sandoval County, NM (27) Santa Fe County, NM (154) Torrance County, NM (14) Valencia County, NM (8)  BernalilloCounty(135) Bernalillo County (135)  CibolaCounty(32) Cibola County (32)  SandovalCounty(27) Sandoval County (27)  SantaFeCounty(154) Santa Fe County (154)  TorranceCounty(14) Torrance County (14)  ValenciaCounty(8) Valencia County (8)
Albuquerque is the county seat for Bernalillo County
Albuquerque is in Bernalillo County
      Bernalillo County (135)  
ADJACENT TO BERNALILLO COUNTY
      Cibola County (32)  
      Sandoval County (27)  
      Santa Fe County (154)  
      Torrance County (14)  
      Valencia County (8)  
 
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1New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — 280 mm Atomic Cannon
The 280MM Atomic Cannon was the largest nuclear capable mobile artillery piece manufactured by the United States. On May 25, 1953, a 280 mm cannon fired an atomic projectile a distance of 7 miles at the Nevada Test Site. Twenty 280mm cannons . . . Map (db m181278) HM
2New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — A Proud Tradition
The first permanent Spanish settlement brought new foods and cooking methods to the region in the late 1500s. Wheat became an important staple because it was easier than corn for making bread. Pueblo men learned to harvest wheat while the woman . . . Map (db m120169) HM
3New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Alameda
This 18th century Spanish settlement was established on the site of an ancient Tiwa Indian Pueblo that was destroyed following the Pueblo Revolt of 1680. The pueblo was reestablished in 1702, but in 1708 the Spanish moved its Tiwa inhabitants to . . . Map (db m45435) HM
4New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — AlbuquerqueOn the Camino Real — Population 331,767 ~ Elevation 5,310 —
Spanish settlers had lived here before the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, but the area was resettled when the "Villa de Albuquerque" was founded in 1706. In addition to promoting colonization, the new town was intended to provide protection from attacks . . . Map (db m8504) HM
5New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Albuquerque
In 1706, New Mexico Governor Francisco Cuervo y Valdes founded the new Villa de Albuquerque (now spelled Albuquerque). Here, the Camino Real wound its way through a series of farming and ranching communities to a nearby ford, linking the road . . . Map (db m179424) HM
6New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Albuquerque Electric Streetcar System
An electric streetcar system in Albuquerque was constructed in 1904 to replace the horse-drawn trolleys. Two streetcar companies were established, one for the downtown Albuquerque and Old Town Plaza areas (the Albuquerque Traction Company) and . . . Map (db m45447) HM
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7New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Albuquerque POW / MIA Memorial
Dedicated to the prisoners of war and those missing in action whose supreme sacrifice has helped keep our nation ever free 200th · 515th Placed by Richard L. Cordova, ex-POW Chairman of San Felipe Restoration Project Bicentennial Year . . . Map (db m180895) WM
8New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Alumni Memorial Chapel
Dedicated to the memory of the war dead of the University of New Mexico by alumni and friends Architect: Meen, Holien, Buckley & Associates Contractor: Bradbury & Stamm Construction Co. Inc. 1960Map (db m182066) WM
9New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — B-29 Superfortress
Designed in 1940 by The Boeing Company, the first B-29 made its maiden flight on Sept. 21, 1942. In December 1943, U.S. Army Air Forces leadership committed the Superfortress to Asia. Its great range made it particularly suited for the . . . Map (db m181093) HM
10New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — B-47E Stratojet
Design The B-47 Stratojet was a long-range, six-engine, jet-powered strategic bomber designed to fly at high subsonic speeds and at high altitudes to avoid enemy interception. The B-47's mission was primarily to deliver nuclear ordnance . . . Map (db m181467) HM
11New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — B-52 Stratofortress
The B-52 is the longest serving strategic aircraft in the United States Air Force. Since the mid-1950s B-52 crews stood ready to deliver nuclear warheads, flying from bases in the United States. Until the late 1960s, aircraft equipped with live . . . Map (db m181309) HM
12New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — B-52B Stratofortress 52-0013
Designed by the Boeing Company, the first flight of the B model was made on January 25, 1955. Of the first thirteen B-52s delivered to the United States Air Force, ten were B models. The B model was outwardly identical to the A model, but had . . . Map (db m181310) HM
13New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — B-58 Hustler Pod
This is a combination fuel and weapons pod developed for use on the B-58 Hustler airplane. The pod provided a means to deliver a thermonuclear weapon and carry extra fuel. The pod, which is attached to the B-58 Hustler, is depicted in the . . . Map (db m181307) HM
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14New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Bell of the USS New Mexico
In this structure hangs the ship's bell of the USS New Mexico as a memorial to those men and women who served their country in World War II. Dedicated April 17, 1948 On loan courtesy of the Naval History and Heritage Command and . . . Map (db m181493) WM
15New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Boca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Boca Negra, the “black mouth,” is considered the birthplace of Petroglyph National Monument. Through the efforts of private citizen groups in the 1960s, this area became Indian Petroglyph State Park, which later became the . . . Map (db m182696) HM
16New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Bomarc
A land-based surface-to-air nuclear missile powered by two ramjets, BOMARC was designed to intercept and destroy bombers up to 250 miles away.Map (db m181363) HM
17New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Casa de Armijo
Built in 1706 and occupied for many generations by the Armijo family who were prominent in local history. This hacienda was gay with social life. During the turmoil of the early settlement the Mexican, Spanish and American Civil War . . . Map (db m703) HM
18New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Casa de Armijo
Casa de Armijo on site of Don Ambrosio Armijo hacienda dating back to 1706. One of the first homes in Albuquerque.Map (db m179264) HM
19New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Clarita Garcia de Aranda Allison / Flamenco
Clarita Garcia de Aranda Allison 1921-1989 Among the most renown teachers and performers of flamenco in the state, Clarita grew up in a musical family and was heavily influenced by her mother and her brother Antonio, a professional . . . Map (db m181925) HM
20New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Confederate Soldiers
Confederate Soldiers who served in Gen Sibley's Brig with Maj Trevanion T Teel were buried here when Conf Flag was flying over Old Albuqerque in April 1862Map (db m6677) HM
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21New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Crossroads at Martineztown
Martineztown is at the crossroads of El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro and Tijeras Canyon Trail, two important trade routes begun by Native Americans. The trail though Tijeras Canyon linked the Rio Grande Valley to the plains east of . . . Map (db m189456) HM
22New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Cuarto Centenario Memorial
La Jornada (The Journey), the bronze sculptural grouping on the corner along with the adjacent earthen work Numbe Whageh (Our Center Place) make up the City of Albuquerque's 1% for the Arts Funds Cuarto Centenario Memorial. The memorial . . . Map (db m71142) HM
23New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Desert Varnish - Cliff Base TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Cliff Base Trail The boulder on your left is a good example of desert varnish, the darkening of the rock's surface in response to natural elements. Over the years the exposed surface of basalt darkens in color due to . . . Map (db m182902) HM
24New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Dominguez y Escalante Expedition“Jornada De Paz” — 1776 – 1976 —
(side one) “Jornada De Paz” Meaning "Journey of Peace" as the party made their expedition peaceful by not carrying weapons In 1692 - 12 years following the 1680 Pueblo Revolt in New Mexico, the . . . Map (db m45444) HM
25New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Don Francisco Cuervo y ValdesFounder of Albuquerque — April 23, 1706 —
Illustrious son of the Province of Asturias Spain, Governor of New Mexico. Sculpture funded by the City of Albuquerque 1% for Arts Program as per City Council Resolution 57, 1984. Buck McCain, Artist, Santa Fe Bronze, Inc. . . . Map (db m70364) HM
26New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Doña Dolores “Lola” Chávez de Armijo(1858-1929) — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative —
In 1912, State Librarian Lola Chávez de Armijo filed a gender discrimination law suit after the governor sought to replace her by court order, claiming that as a woman, she was unqualified to hold office under the constitution and laws of New . . . Map (db m45333) HM
27New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Doña Elena Gallegos / Elena Gallegos Land Grantc. 1680-c.1731
Doña Elena Gallegos was a daughter of early seventeenth - century Hispanic colonists, Antonio Gallegos and Catalina Baca. They fled New Mexico with their newborn daughter during the 1680 Pueblo Revolt, and she returned in 1693 with two brothers . . . Map (db m124926) HM
28New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Estimating Petroglyph Age - Cliff Base TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Cliff Base Trail Archeologists, currently using relative dating methods along the escarpment, are arriving at the conclusion that the 23,000 petroglyphs found in the monument were created between 1000 B.C. — A.D. 1700. . . . Map (db m182865) HM
29New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — F-105D Thunderchief
F-105D Thunderchief In 1951, Republic Aviation Corporation began a project to develop a supersonic tactical fighter-bomber for the United States Air Force. The result was the Republic F-105 Thunderchief. Nicknamed "Thud", the aircraft was . . . Map (db m181232) HM
30New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Ferrel Heady
University of New Mexico President 1968-1975 Ferrel Heady was president of UNM during a period when campuses across the country, including UNM, were experiencing demonstrations and protests over issues of civil rights, academic freedom, and the . . . Map (db m181486) HM
31New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — First Public School in Albuquerque
Historic site of Our Lady of Angels First public school in Albuquerque. Directed by sisters Blandina, Isadora, Berchmanns, Mary and Fidela. Sisters of Charity September 21, 1881 Marker by New Mexico Chapter Daughters of Founders & . . . Map (db m180881) HM
32New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Flame of Hope
A flame burns on this spot and in the hearts of the people of this state and nation as a reminder of the sacrifices of those who have served in the Vietnam conflict. The prisoners of war and those missing in action in that conflict are not and . . . Map (db m187258) WM
33New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Formation of Basalt - Cliff Base TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Cliff Base Trail Notice the unusual and varied texture of this basalt boulder. Basalt is generally considered to be the most common extrusive igneous rock on Earth, composed mostly of calcium-rich plagioclase and . . . Map (db m182866) HM
34New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Formation of Boca Negra Canyon - Cliff Base Trail
Boca Negra Canyon Cliff Base Trail Notice how the volcanic escarpment curves around the island-like field of native plants in the middle of Boca Negra Canyon. This is an example of what geologists call reverse or inverted topography. At . . . Map (db m182875) HM
35New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Founding of Albuquerque
In this plaza were enacted A.D. 1706 by Governor and Captain General Don Francisco Cuervo Y. Valdez ceremonies incident to the founding of the Villa of Albuquerque named after the Spanish Viceroy Don Francisco Fernandez de la Cueva Enriquez Duke . . . Map (db m45271) HM
36New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Founding Women of Albuquerque
In February 1706 several families participated in the founding of Albuquerque but the names of only 22 are preserved in the historical record. Within those families were many women honored as being founders of La Villa San Felipe de . . . Map (db m45230) HM
37New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Graciela Olivárez(1928-1987) — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative —
Attorney, public servant, and activist, Graciela Olivárez was a high school dropout who became the first woman graduate of Notre Dame Law School where an award is presented each year in her name. She led national anti-poverty efforts and ensured . . . Map (db m45225) HM
38New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — G-Scale RailroadsRailroad Garden
G-scale, or garden, railroads add variety to planted landscapes through movement, sound, and color. The hobby of garden railroading originated in England during the early 1900s and first came to America around 1970. The Botanic Garden is . . . Map (db m182215) HM
39New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Harvey Girls / Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter, 1869 - 1958
Harvey Girls In 1883, the Fred Harvey Company hired women to serve in its diners and hotels along the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. Thousands of respectable, intelligent women were recruited from the Midwest and East Coast to come . . . Map (db m45326) HM
40New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Hedges Farm
In the 1920s and 1930s, a dairy was in operation at this location along the Rio Grande. In the 1940s, the land was known as the Hedges Farm. The Hedges family grew alfalfa and corn for their horses and other livestock. J.W. and Lola Hedges built . . . Map (db m182214) HM
41New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Hodgin Hall
[Top plaque] Historic Landmarks Survey Hodgin Hall 1892, 1908 [Bottom plaque] Registered cultural property Hodgin Hall Originally built 1890-1892, remodeled into Pueblo/Spanish style in 1908. Site no. 336 . . . Map (db m196355) HM
42New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Hotel Alvarado
Hotel Alvarado was constructed in 1902 and demolished in 1970 in spite of local efforts to preserve it. The hotel and depot complex, shown in this 1908 photograph looking west, was designed by Santa Fe Railroad architect Charles Whittlesey in . . . Map (db m45446) HM
43New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Hound Dog
The Hound Dog was an air-launched supersonic nuclear missile designed to destroy heavily defended ground targets. Specially modified B-52 bombers carried two Hound Dogs, one beneath each wing. Typically a Hound Dog would be launched at 45,000 . . . Map (db m181313) HM
44New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — SR 1868 — Immanuel Presbyterian Church
Immanuel Presbyterian Church Built between 1949 and 1956, it bespeaks Albuquerque’s suburban growth, John Meen’s Territorial Revival architecture, and faith. A Registered Cultural Property State of New MexicoMap (db m180826) HM
45New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Jones Motor Company, Albuquerque, New MexicoRoute 66 Roadside Attraction
Jones Motor Company opened on November 18, 1939 as a Ford dealership and Texaco gas station. It is now the home of Kelley's Restaurant and Brew Pub. Recognized by Hampton Hotels Save-A-Landmark program as a site worth seeingMap (db m184211) HM
46New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Jupiter
The Jupiter Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM), in service from 1960 to 1963, was an important link between early short-range rockets and later weapons that could reach any point on Earth. Its development began in 1956 as a joint U.S. . . . Map (db m181410) HM
47New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — La Doctora María Dolores Gonzáles(1917-1975)
Dr. Gonzales was a pioneer in bilingual and bicultural education. She developed educational materials for students in New Mexico and Latin America and trained teachers in the curriculum. Born in Pecos, “Lola” taught in the area for . . . Map (db m45227) HM
48New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — La Jornada
On January 26, 1598, amid embraces and farewells, Governor Juan de Oñate left Santa Barbara, in present day Chihuahua, leading an expedition bound for New Mexico. Nearly 600 settlers accompanied him, along with Mexican Indian allies and Franciscan . . . Map (db m45443) HM
49New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — LGM-118A Peacekeeper
The Peacekeeper served as the United States Air Force's most powerful, accurate, and technologically advanced Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) deterrent. Conceived to replace the Minuteman ICMS, its development began in the early 1970s . . . Map (db m181408) HM
50New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Los Padillas
Los Padillas is an extended family settlement which was resettled in 1718 by Diego de Padilla. His grandparents had lived on the site prior to the 1680 Pueblo Revolt at which time they were forced to abandon it. In the 1790 census the town, . . . Map (db m67067) HM
51New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Macaw TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Macaw Trail The majority of these petroglyphs were made by the ancestors of modern Pueblo people. The Ancestral Puebloans made petroglyphs by carefully removing the desert varnish with hand-held stone tools which . . . Map (db m182821) HM
52New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Macaw TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Macaw Trail Native vegetation is commonly featured in petroglyphs. This yucca pod image conveys the importance of many native plant species to the Ancestral Puebloans. The entire plant, from its root to the tip of its . . . Map (db m182858) HM
53New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mace
The Mace was an early cruise missile, subsonic and turbojet powered. Its Automatic Terrain Recognition and Navigation guidance system corrected any deviation from the programmed route.Map (db m181362) HM
54New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Madonna of the Trail
(West Face): N.S.D.A.R. Memorial to the Pioneer Mothers of the Covered Wagon Days (South Face): Into the primitive west Face upflung toward the sun Bravely she came Her children . . . Map (db m45445) HM
55New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Matador
The Matador was the first guided missile ever deployed by the United States Air Force. This surface-to-surface missile was capable of carrying a conventional or nuclear warhead. Development began in 1945 and the first Matador unit was deployed . . . Map (db m181364) HM
56New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mesa Point TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Mesa Point Trail Petroglyphs represent a valuable record of cultural expression and human occupation in the Rio Grande valley. They have deep spiritual significance to modern Pueblo groups as well as other indigenous . . . Map (db m182697) HM
57New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mesa Point TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Mesa Point Trail About 200,000 years ago a series of volcanic eruptions began to create this slope of eroded volcanic boulders. The first two fissure eruptions yielded extensive amounts of liquid lava which flowed . . . Map (db m182699) HM
58New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mesa Point TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Mesa Point Trail Notice the human figure in front of you which appears to be wearing a mask and headdress. Some petroglyphs are easily recognizable, however the original and true meanings are known only by their creators . . . Map (db m182701) HM
59New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mesa Point TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Mesa Point Trail Several stacked rock structures like this one are found in the monument and are protected as archeological resources. This structure has naturally eroded to its present state. Local archeologists believe . . . Map (db m182703) HM
60New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mesa Point TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Mesa Point Trail Due to extended periods of drought, the Pueblo people searched for permanent sources of surface water that would sustain their agricultural lifestyle. Many people settled along the Rio Grande which . . . Map (db m182722) HM
61New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mesa Point TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Mesa Point Trail Identification of some petroglyphs is based on interpretations by today's Pueblo people. We cannot say for certain what all the images represent, nor is it appropriate for modern Pueblos to reveal the . . . Map (db m182724) HM
62New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Microsoft Founding
Microsoft, Inc., founded at this site in 1975 - and headquartered in Albuquerque until 1979 - was established by Paul G. Allen and Bill Gates. The opportunity to write a version of BASIC for the MITS Altair drew them to the area and sparked . . . Map (db m180827) HM
63New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 “Fishbed”
Our MiG-21 S/N 13-2313, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, single seat, single engine supersonic jet fighter and interceptor aircraft was designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. It entered service in 1960. The insignia is . . . Map (db m181185) HM
64New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Minuteman
Three-stage solid-propellant rocket engines launched Minuteman from hardened underground silos. The Minuteman reentry vehicle (RV-5) containing a single nuclear warhead would be all that survived reentry into the atmosphere to continue to its . . . Map (db m181424) HM
65New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mk17 Thermonuclear Weapon
The Mark 17 was the largest nuclear bomb deployed by the United States. It was one of the first thermonuclear weapons stockpiled. When the bomb shape was test-dropped, the plane would soar upwards a couple hundred feet. The pilots said it was as . . . Map (db m181342) HM
66New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mk53 Thermonuclear Weapon
The Mk53 thermonuclear weapon had an airburst, contact burst, and "laydown" (delayed action detonation) capability. The Mk53 was equipped with 5 parachutes; one 5 ft. pilot chute, one 16 ft. chute and three 48 ft. chutes. If free-fall delivery . . . Map (db m181314) HM
67New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Mountain Howitzers
Cast in the foundry of Cyrus Alger & Company of Boston, Massachusetts, and originally designed to be mule-pack artillery, the Model of 1835 12-Pounder Mountain Howitzer was the smallest U.S. cannon of the period and could fire a 12-pound exploding . . . Map (db m45274) HM
68New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — New Mexico Air Guard, "The Tacos"
New Mexico Air Guard, "The Tacos" The New Mexico Air Guard was activated on July 7th 1947 as the 188th Fighter Bomber Squadron. In 1948 the 188th's mission changed from fighter bomber to fighter interceptor. In 1957, the unit was . . . Map (db m181182) HM
69New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Officer Germaine Casey
"Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends." John 15:13 In loving honor of Officer Germaine Casey of the Rio Rancho Police Department who, on the 27th of August 2007, selflessly gave his life in the . . . Map (db m187256) HM
70New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Old Armijo School
Constructed in 1914, this building was designed by Atanacio Montoya, a progressive educator who introduced many reforms into early 20th century rural schools. It served as the school for the Village of Armijo until 1948. This school incorporated . . . Map (db m45221) HM
71New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Old Town History
1706-The Villa of "Alburquerque" was founded by Don Francisco Cuervo y Valdes, Governor of the Spanish province of New Mexico. It stood on the Camino Real (Royal Road), which ran between Mexico City and Santa Fe. It became the . . . Map (db m45278) HM
72New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — One of the Largest Petroglyph SitesPetroglyph National Monument
One of the Largest Petroglyphs Sites Petroglyph National Monument protects one of the largest petroglyph sites in North America, featuring designs and symbols carved onto basalt boulders by American Indians and Spanish settlers 400 to 700 . . . Map (db m182649) HM
73New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Petroglyph Meanings - Cliff Base TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Cliff Base Trail Although some images are easily recognizable (such as these human footprints) according to modern Pueblo people, it is culturally insensitive to reveal the meanings of some petroglyphs. While these . . . Map (db m183107) HM
74New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Petroglyph National Monument
Petroglyph National Monument What type of rock is this? The rock that makes up the West Mesa escarpment is vesicular basalt. The basalt flow originated from fissures marked by five volcanic spatter cones that be seen along the western horizon . . . Map (db m182820) HM
75New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Petroglyph Orientation - Cliff Base TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Cliff Base Trail Notice that the prehistoric petroglyphs face south or southeast. Perhaps this placement was deliberate to the orientation of the daily rising sun. It is also thought that many of the images were made . . . Map (db m182859) HM
76New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Petroglyph Placement - Cliff Base TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Cliff Base Trail The placement of petroglyphs was deliberate based on the boulder's orientation to the sun and the surrounding landscape. Some boulders contain petroglyphs on east-facing sides while other boulders have . . . Map (db m183109) HM
77New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Piedras Marcadas Canyon
Piedras Marcadas Canyon The warmth of the sun, the whispers of the wind, the volcanic boulders, native plants, and desert animals are what the Pueblo people and other visitors to this volcanic landscape valued. Ancestral Puebloans were . . . Map (db m183130) HM
78New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Piedras Marcadas TrailStop #1
Piedras Marcadas Trail About 200,000 years ago a series of volcanic eruptions began to create this slope of eroded volcanic boulders. The first two fissure eruptions yielded extensive amounts of liquid lava which flowed naturally . . . Map (db m183133) HM
79New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Piedras Marcadas TrailStop #2
Piedras Marcadas Trail The majority of these petroglyphs were made by the ancestors of modern Pueblo people. The Ancestral Puebloans made petroglyphs by carefully removing the desert varnish with hand-held stone tools to expose the . . . Map (db m183134) HM
80New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Piedras Marcadas TrailStop #4
Piedras Marcadas Trail Identification of some petroglyphs is based on interpretations by today's Pueblo people. We cannot say for certain what all the images represent, nor is it appropriate for modern Pueblos to reveal the meaning of an . . . Map (db m183168) HM
81New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Piedras Marcadas TrailStop #5
Piedras Marcadas Trail Petroglyphs represent a valuable record of cultural expression and human occupation in the Rio Grande valley. They have deep spiritual significance to modern Pueblo groups as well as other indigenous people such . . . Map (db m183170) HM
82New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Polaris A-3
The Fleet Ballistic Missile (FBM) system of the U.S Navy includes both the nuclear-powered submarine and its missiles. Each of 16 Polaris A-3 missiles could be launched in as many minutes either while the sub was surfaced or submerged. A . . . Map (db m181427) HM
83New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Protection of Petroglyphs - Cliff Base TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Cliff Base Trail Authentic petroglyphs are valuable and irreplaceable cultural resources that provide us with insight of the prehistoric civilizations that once thrived here. Protecting these cultural treasures is a . . . Map (db m182876) HM
84New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Pueblo of Isleta
Isleta, or "little island" in Spanish, is the largest of the Rio Grande pueblos. Many Isletans moved to El Paso with the Spanish during the 1680 Revolt, others resettled the pueblo around 1710. Parts of the mission, San Agustin' de la Isleta, date . . . Map (db m183765) HM
85New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Reasons for Petroglyphs - Cliff Base TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Cliff Base Trail There are many complex and dynamic reasons why the Ancestral Puebloans made their petroglyphs here. Some possible reasons are based on cultural and spiritual beliefs. Some Native Americans believe . . . Map (db m182862) HM
86New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Redstone
The Redstone missile program, begun in 1951 by the U.S. Army, was designed to be mobile, capable of being launched by combat troops under battlefield conditions. The picture on the left was taken on May 5, 1961, when a powerful Redstone rocket . . . Map (db m181470) HM
87New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Rio Grande Heritage Farm
Covering a total of ten acres, the Rio Grande Heritage Farm represents Albuquerque farm life during the 1920s and 1930s. This period of time was chosen because, during those decades, farmers were making the life-altering transition from horse . . . Map (db m182155) HM
88New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Rio Grande Style - Cliff Base TrailBoca Negra Canyon
Boca Negra Canyon Cliff Base Trail Archeologists refer to these images as being made in the Rio Grande style. This style developed rather suddenly around the year 1300, coinciding with a dramatic increase in the local population and the . . . Map (db m182903) HM
89New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Rio Puerco Bridge
This Parker through truss located on the historic Route 66 was built in 1933. It was fabricated by the Kansas City Structural Steel Company and erected by F.D. Shufflebarger of Albuquerque. Its 250 foot long length is one of the longest in New . . . Map (db m88404) HM
90New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — San Felipe de Alburquerque
First marker on left: San Felipe de Alburquerque, named for King Phillip V of Spain and the Duke of Alburquerque was, founded in 1706 by Gov. Francisco Cuervo Valdez with 30 families from Bernalillo accompanied by soldiers to protect . . . Map (db m119449) HM
91New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — San Felipe De Neri
Oldest church in Albuquerque. Has continuously served the community without interruption since 1706. Originally founded and served by the Franciscan Friars, this parish church has been served successively by the Secular Clergy of Durango, Mexico . . . Map (db m119451) HM
92New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Sara Raynolds Hall
A Registered Cultural Property Built 1921 Original Home Economics Building. Architect E.B. Cristy's interpretation of the Spanish-Pueblo Style. Site no. 1455 State of New MexicoMap (db m196357) HM
93New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — 388 — Scholes Hall
Scholes Hall Completed in 1936, this building was designed by John Gaw Meem. A Registered Cultural Property State of New Mexico Scholes Hall Named for France Vinton Scholes 1897-1979 Professor of History Dean of the . . . Map (db m182063) HM
94New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Silverplate and Saddletree Bombers
Silverplate was the code word for the aircraft modification project for the B-29 Superfortress bomber to enable it to carry atomic bombs. Silverplate B-29s had their bomb bays modified. The gun turrets and most of the aircraft's armor . . . Map (db m181180) HM
95New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Skirmish of AlbuquerqueApril 8-9, 1862
While Confederate Brigadier General H. H. Sibley was assembling the bulk of his army at Santa Fe, Union Colonel E.R.S. Canby moved 1200 men from Fort Craig to occupy Albuquerque – "If it can be done without serious loss." Though outnumbered . . . Map (db m45270) HM
96New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Snark
The Snark was the only intercontinental cruise missile deployed. It carried a nuclear warhead and was controlled by an internal celestial guidance system. The first operational Snark unit was activated by the United States Air Force Strategic Air . . . Map (db m181346) HM
97New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — TA-7C Corsair II
Built by Ling-Temco-Vought Corporation and based on the F-8 Crusader fighter, the A-7 was a single seat United States Navy attack aircraft introduced in February, 1967. The A-7 was powered by a single turbofan engine with no afterburner. Outboard . . . Map (db m181183) HM
98New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — Terrier
. . . Map (db m181080) HM
99New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — The 100 Foot Tower
The 100 Foot Tower Kenneth T. Bainbridge, Director of the Trinity Project, contracted with the Blaw-Knox Company of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to manufacture the steel tower to Bainbridge's specifications. It was then shipped in sections . . . Map (db m148717) HM
100New Mexico (Bernalillo County), Albuquerque — 1412 — The Estufa
The Estufa Built 1906 Created by President Tight and the students of the University of New Mexico. 1st social fraternity meeting hall at UNM. A Registered Cultural Property State of New MexicoMap (db m182067) HM

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Sep. 29, 2022