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Historical Markers in Anaconda, Montana

 
Clickable Map of Deer Lodge County, Montana and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Deer Lodge County, MT (53) Beaverhead County, MT (50) Granite County, MT (34) Jefferson County, MT (19) Powell County, MT (21) Ravalli County, MT (35) Silver Bow County, MT (169)  DeerLodgeCounty(53) Deer Lodge County (53)  BeaverheadCounty(50) Beaverhead County (50)  GraniteCounty(34) Granite County (34)  JeffersonCounty(19) Jefferson County (19)  PowellCounty(21) Powell County (21)  RavalliCounty(35) Ravalli County (35)  SilverBowCounty(169) Silver Bow County (169)
Anaconda is the county seat for Deer Lodge County
Anaconda is in Deer Lodge County
      Deer Lodge County (53)  
ADJACENT TO DEER LODGE COUNTY
      Beaverhead County (50)  
      Granite County (34)  
      Jefferson County (19)  
      Powell County (21)  
      Ravalli County (35)  
      Silver Bow County (169)  
 
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1Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — (Anaconda) Commercial Historic District
Backed by the powerful San Francisco syndicate of Hearst, Haggin and Tevis, Marcus Daly built the world’s largest smelter (combined upper and lower works) on Warm Springs Creek between 1883 and 1889. Along with the smelters, Daly envisioned a . . . Map (db m183523) HM
2Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — 119-125 East Park AvenueAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Though altered over many years to look like three separate buildings, this early 1900s brick commercial block is actually one large building (extending to the corner of Oak). Originally divided by interior partition walls, the building hosted three . . . Map (db m183393) HM
3Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — 219 East Commercial AvenueAnaconda Commercial Historic District
In 1888, one- and two-story, wood-frame commercial buildings filled almost the entire block. Constructed circa 1890 on the block’s last vacant lot, this store was home to McKinnon and MacKay’s grocery. An expanse of brick with three recessed panels . . . Map (db m205642) HM
4Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — 219 West Third StreetWest Side Historic District
Anaconda’s business leaders located on the town’s west side beginning in the 1890s. The idyllic neighborhood was far from the smelter and close to commerce on Main and Park streets. Tree-lined sidewalks with street lamps, a large public park, and a . . . Map (db m205590) HM
5Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — 321 East Third StreetButte-Anaconda Historic District
A fleet of twelve hundred masons and carpenters flocked to Warm Springs Creek in 1883 to build Marcus Daly’s Anaconda Company smelter. Daly hired Welsh masonry contractor John “Jack” W. Cornelius to oversee the construction process for his enormous . . . Map (db m205726) HM
6Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — 408 East Park AvenueAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Anaconda Copper Mining Company carpenter Daniel R. Beck built this small brick building in 1896. He lived in one half and rented out the other half. Beck was an early resident of Anaconda, arriving in 1883 when it was still a hodgepodge of shacks . . . Map (db m183458) HM
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7Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — 504 Main StreetWest Side Historic District
Intricate ornamental cresting caps the dome on the octagonal tower of this handsome residence. Its eclectic architecture combines elements of the Queen Anne and French Second Empire styles. A partial Mansard roof at the northeast corner and a front . . . Map (db m205803) HM
8Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — 509 ChestnutGoosetown Historic District
Rapidly increasing demand for copper ore in the 1890s brought an influx of more than 5,000 new residents to the Smelter City between 1890 and 1900. To house them all, a fleet of carpenters built hundreds of cottages and multi-family units. This . . . Map (db m205713) HM
9Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — 801 East Third StreetGoosetown Historic District
Rapidly increasing demand for copper ore in the 1890s brought an influx of more than 5,000 new residents to the Smelter City between 1890 and 1900. To house them all, a fleet of carpenters built hundreds of cottages and multi-family units. This . . . Map (db m205708) HM
10Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Anaconda
Copper king Marcus Daly selected a site for a smelter and town along Warm Springs Creek in 1883. Daly began construction of an immense smelter complex on the hill shortly before his death in 1900. Completed in 1902, the Washoe Smelter processed . . . Map (db m183615) HM
11Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Anaconda City Hall
Copper magnate Marcus Daly had great expectations for Anaconda when the town was platted in 1883, hoping one day the town would become Montana’s capital. It was with that goal in mind that plans for a magnificent city hall were conceived. Architects . . . Map (db m205641) HM
12Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode
In June 1867, Alexander Aiken, John Person, and Jonas Stough located a rich gold quartz lode near here, the name commemorating the recent laying to the second transatlantic telegraph cable. Like many fabulously rich mining properties in Montana, . . . Map (db m205447) HM
13Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Barich BlockAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Austrian immigrant George Barich came to Anaconda from Butte in 1883 to work at the smelter. He later turned to commercial business and, in 1892, commissioned builders Daniel Dwyer and John Cosgrove to construct the first floor of this block. Barich . . . Map (db m183452) HM
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14Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Butte, Anaconda and Pacific Railway Historic District
Tired of exorbitant freight rates, copper king Marcus Daly decided to build his own railroad in 1892 to haul ore from the Butte mines to his Anaconda smelter. Daly envisioned the Butte, Anaconda and Pacific Railway extending to the Pacific Ocean. . . . Map (db m205592) HM
15Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Butte-Anaconda Historic District
It took millions of miles of copper to build the telegraph, telephone, and electrical lines that transformed the United States from a collection of small, isolated communities to a cohesive, industrialized nation. Looming gallows frames and the . . . Map (db m128116) HM
16Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Carpenters Union HallAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Anaconda workers unionized early to promote their interests. The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners Local 88 formed in Anaconda in 1889 with nine charter members. Its original bylaws committed the union to working “to replace the present . . . Map (db m205647) HM
17Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Cohen Block/Park MotorsAnaconda Commercial Historic District
This building began as a one-story, wood-frame grocery store on Main Street in 1883. In 1885, owner David Cohen Sr. sided it with brick veneer, giving it a more permanent appearance. Soon after, a fire broke out, destroying nearly everything on the . . . Map (db m205706) HM
18Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Contributions of the Washoe Smelter
The fortunes of copper mining and smelting and associated enterprises were subject to the boom and bust cycles typical of metals-based industries. World and national events affected rapid fluctuation in the supply, demand, and price of copper. . . . Map (db m128134) HM
19Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Davidson BuildingAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Architect Jonathon Barlett designed this marvelous business block as an investment property for T. C. Davidson in 1896. Davidson, an Ohio native and Civil War veteran, came to Montana in 1879. In the early 1890s, Davidson moved from his nearby ranch . . . Map (db m183395) HM
20Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Deer Lodge County Courthouse
The valley known by Native Americans as “Lodge of the White Tailed Deer” officially became Deer Lodge County when this area was part of the Territory of Idaho. After the creation of the Territory of Montana in 1864, the first territorial . . . Map (db m128113) HM
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21Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Electric Light BuildingAnaconda Commercial Historic District
A heavy metal cornice, cast iron columns, and a metal frieze still embellish this building, constructed in 1895. Two cast-iron oriel windows once also graced the upper story. The Anaconda Company’s foundry produced the decorative metal front, a . . . Map (db m180973) HM
22Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Fred Clark ResidenceWest Side Historic District
Anaconda’s elite began to build homes on the West Side in the 1890s, and this Queen Anne style mansion was one of the first to grace upper Locust Street. Built in 1894 for Fred Clark, librarian at the Hearst Free Public Library, the elegant . . . Map (db m205884) HM
23Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Furst BlockAnaconda Commercial Historic District
French immigrant and wealthy Deer Lodge Valley dairyman John Furst built this brick store and boardinghouse for $5,000 in 1895. Just steps away from Marcus Daly’s new bank and the fine Montana Hotel, the Furst Block fit in well amongst its . . . Map (db m183392) HM
24Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Furst Residence
New residents flooded the housing market as Anaconda’s smelter works expanded into the twentieth century and the town began to outgrow its original perimeters. The City Council approved several new additions including this area, annexed as the First . . . Map (db m205588) HM
25Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Goosetown Historic District
Attracted by the opportunity to work at Marcus Daly's copper smelter, thousands of immigrants came seeking work in Anaconda. Many were from Ireland, like Daly himself, but skilled and unskilled workers also came from a myriad of foreign places. Most . . . Map (db m128123) HM
26Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Hearst Free LibraryWest Side Historic District
Phoebe Hearst, wife of wealthy California senator George Hearst, had a special relationship with Anaconda. Hearst was one of Daly’s principal investors and Mrs. Hearst took an active interest in improving Anaconda’s cultural opportunities. She asked . . . Map (db m180978) HM
27Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Ida BlockAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Anaconda grew practically overnight. Platted in June 1883, Anaconda already boasted eighty buildings by December 1884, including a wood-frame clothing store on this corner, built by pioneering Jewish merchant Wolfe (William) Copinus. In 1888, . . . Map (db m205650) HM
28Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Imperial Meat MarketAnaconda Commercial Historic District
The Imperial Meat Market specialized in fresh meat, sausage, game, fish, and oysters when D. D. Walker and Israel Gibbs opened it in a wood-frame building on this lot in 1889. Shop foreman Albert Bourbonniere, in partnership with Big Hole Valley . . . Map (db m183451) HM
29Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Judge George B. Winston ResidenceWest Side Historic District
Alice and George Winston were among the first residents of the Main Street neighborhood south of Anaconda’s business district. The Anaconda Weekly Review noted in August of 1888 that the Winstons’ fine home was well under construction. A lovely . . . Map (db m205801) HM
30Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Lee Pleasant Driver's Saloon and Club RoomsAnaconda Commercial Historic District
After attending Fisk University in Tennessee, Lee Pleasant Driver enlisted in the Twenty-fifth U.S. Colored Infantry in 1888. The twenty-five-year-old private, who soon advanced to corporal, served at Forts Keogh (Miles City) and Missoula. He was . . . Map (db m180975) HM
31Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — MacCallum and Cloutier BlockAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Until the arrival of large discount grocery chains after World War II, numerous grocery businesses thrived in Anaconda. Some merchants sold a vast array of goods, and others specialized in dry goods, produce, or meat. Many groceries catered to . . . Map (db m183453) HM
32Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Marcus Daly - An Irishman with Vision
In 1876, an Irish immigrant working for a Salt Lake City mining company arrived in southwest Montana to appraise mining properties. His name was Marcus Daly, and as a result of good timing and a keen knowledge of the mining industry, he became . . . Map (db m128128) HM
33Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Marcus Daly & Company Bank BuildingAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Marcus Daly and W. L. Hoge founded Anaconda’s first bank in 1883. Hoge, Anaconda’s first mayor, sold his interest in the bank to Daly in 1895. The institution became the Marcus Daly & Company Bank and later, the First National Bank of Anaconda. . . . Map (db m180837) HM
34Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Methodist Episcopal Church of Anaconda
Itinerant circuit riders brought Methodism to this part of Montana as early as 1880. Anaconda’s first Methodist church was built in 1884, but its small band of followers had scattered by the time Reverend Philip Lowry was assigned here in 1889. He . . . Map (db m205793) HM
35Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Morse/Palace BlockAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Thomas Silha and sisters Mary Vollenweider and Margaret Morse hired architect Joseph White to design this commercial/residential building in 1911. The $20,000 brick building originally featured identical storefronts with glass display windows topped . . . Map (db m183391) HM
36Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — National Bank of AnacondaAnaconda Commercial Historic District
After building the St. Jean Block next door in 1893, Dr. Felix St. Jean again hired respected Anaconda mason John Cosgrove to build this annex building in 1897. Cosgrove, an old friend of Marcus Daly’s, also built the foundations of the Upper Works . . . Map (db m183525) HM
37Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Organized Labor
Between 1880 and 1920, large-scale development of copper mining and smelting in Butte and Anaconda spurred the growth of railroads and industrialization. This, in turn, attracted thousands of workers from across the country and around the world. . . . Map (db m128131) HM
38Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Parrot BlockAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Prosperous Deer Lodge Valley rancher George Parrot invested $13,000 to build the Parrot Block in 1896. The first story of this well-appointed Queen Anne style commercial and boardinghouse building originally featured tall, plate-glass display . . . Map (db m183394) HM
39Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Pay Office HallAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Wholesale liquor dealer John V. Collins commissioned this handsome Renaissance Revival style commercial and boardinghouse building in 1897. The store was home to several saloons during its first twenty years. Workers at Marcus Daly’s Anaconda . . . Map (db m180956) HM
40Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Preserving the Washoe Smelter Stack
On September 29, 1980, the Anaconda Minerals Company, which had merged with the Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO) three years earlier, announced the indefinite suspension of copper smelting in Anaconda and refining in Great Falls, Montana. The . . . Map (db m128127) HM
41Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Schmidt PlumbingAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Contractor John Jacobson built this brick store and boardinghouse in 1915, during a time of rapid commercial and residential expansion in Anaconda. Downtown Anaconda property owners developed every square foot of their lots during this boom, . . . Map (db m183521) HM
42Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Silver Bow Creek Remediation and Restoration
This sign was dedicated in fall 2010 to the purpose and goals of the Silver Creek environmental cleanup. • Remedial cleanup covers 22 stream miles of Silver Bow Creek, extending from Butte to the Warm Springs Ponds. This work is funded from . . . Map (db m183608) HM
43Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Smelting the Ore
Extracting pure copper from the ores mined in Butte was a complex process. First, the useless waste rock was separated from the valuable ore, and the high-grade material was separated from the low-grade material. Next, the lower-grade ore was . . . Map (db m128132) HM
44Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — St. Jean Block/Smiths BuildingAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Dr. Felix L. St. Jean and brick mason Joe Cosgrove commissioned local architect Herman Kemna to design this building in 1893. Though later owners remodeled the first-floor façade and renamed the building, the second story remains among the best . . . Map (db m183526) HM
45Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — St. Mark's Episcopal Church
Anaconda grew quickly after Copper King Marcus Daly established it as his smelter town in 1883, but the community’s Episcopalians needed to wait seven years before they could lay the cornerstone for St. Mark’s Episcopal Church on October 21, 1890. . . . Map (db m205796) HM
46Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — The Anaconda-Pintler and Flint Creek Mountains
The mountains surrounding this valley began to form more than 100 million years ago when tectonic forces compressed the earth's crust and forced layers of underlying sedimentary rock eastward along great thrust faults. The faults stacked flat slices . . . Map (db m183612) HM
47Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Thorsen Brothers GroceryAnaconda Commercial Historic District
The well-preserved Thorsen Brothers Grocery building is a classic example of an early-twentieth-century commercial building. The decorative brick parapet made the building look larger and offered ample room for signage, while tall display windows . . . Map (db m183455) HM
48Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Tuttle ResidenceWest Side Historic District
Mass production of decorative details allowed even modest houses to partake of architectural fashion. In the case of this one-and-one-half-story home, stained glass, gingerbread and latticework, turned porch supports, and fish-scale shingles in the . . . Map (db m205808) HM
49Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Washoe BreweryGoosetown Historic District
An architecturally impressive landmark and gateway to Anaconda’s east side, the Washoe Brewery symbolizes the private enterprise that flourished in this company town. The imposing Italian Renaissance-inspired brewery with its signature corner tower . . . Map (db m205886) HM
50Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Washoe Stack Facts
During the early years of smelting in Anaconda, each of the many furnaces at the Old Works required its own stack. Later the individual stacks were connected through flues to a large central stack. When constructed in 1902, the first Washoe . . . Map (db m128130) HM
51Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Washoe TheaterAnaconda Commercial Historic District
Seattle-based theater architect B. Marcus Pinteca (1890-1971) drew the plans for this remarkable structure in 1930. However, the Depression delayed interior finishing and the $200,000 movie theater did not open until 1936. The Washoe Theater and . . . Map (db m180981) HM
52Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Weiss BlockAnaconda Commercial Historic District
In October 1900, German tailors William Weiss and John Zilinsky invested in this commercial building. They paid an exorbitant $9,500 for three lots behind Marcus Daly’s bank, where they constructed the first story of this two-story building. Early . . . Map (db m183528) HM
53Montana (Deer Lodge County), Anaconda — Wills ResidenceButte-Anaconda Historic District
401 East 3rd Street, Anaconda, Montana Rapidly increasing demand for copper ore in the 1890s brought an influx of more than 5,000 new residents to the Smelter City between 1890 and 1900. To house them all, a fleet of carpenters built hundreds of . . . Map (db m205715) HM
 
 
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Sep. 28, 2022