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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Andersonville, Georgia
Location of Andersonville, Georgia
► Macon County (55) ► Crawford County (9) ► Dooly County (4) ► Houston County (9) ► Peach County (5) ► Schley County (16) ► Sumter County (52) ► Taylor County (6)
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| 27th Bombardment Group United States Army Air Corps1225 airmen of the 27th Bombardment Group (L) left Savannah, Georgia and arrived in Manila, Philippine Islands on 20 Nov 1941. Their dive bombers did not arrive in time to stem the Japanese . . . — — Map (db m113274) WM|
|These guns could defend against a cavalry attack. Loaded and aimed at the prison yard, Confederate cannon also discouraged mass escape.
Gun tube: Wrought iron, 817 lbs.
Projectile: Shell and case shot
Range: ½ mile with . . . — — Map (db m47771) HM|
|With these guns, a few guards were able to control thousands of prisoners. Canister could cut a wide swath through a crowd.
Gun tube: Bronze, 884 lbs.
Smoothbore, diameter 3.67 inches
Solid shot, Case shot, Canister . . . — — Map (db m47772) HM|
These carefully hewn, closely fitted logs reflect the deliberate design of the prison's initial sixteen and one-half acres. At the far northeast corner, haphazardly spaced tree trunks reveal the hasty construction of the camp's ten-acre addition. . . . — — Map (db m89233) HM|
| American Ex-Prisoners of War Founded on April 14, 1942, the American Ex-Prisoners of War have existed for the purpose of helping others. The organization of
former POWs (military and civilian), their spouses, families and civilian internees . . . — — Map (db m113275) HM WM|
|This cemetery began as a burial place for the 12,920 Union soldiers who died in the nearby prison camp. The orderly rows and peaceful setting contrast with the misery and disease within that stockade. When Andersonville National Cemetery was . . . — — Map (db m173060) HM|
|In Commemoration of the Untiring Devotion of Clara Barton ———— She organized and administered efficient measures for the relief of our soldiers in the field, and aided in the great work of preserving the names of more than . . . — — Map (db m12126) HM|
Half the cannon faced outward to defend against Union cavalry raids—spinoffs from Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. The other half were loaded with canister and trained on the prison grounds.
When the prison was operating, deep ditches . . . — — Map (db m89222) HM|
|The ground at this end of the prison is pocked with deep holes - either tunnels or wells. Overcrowding disguised the digging. Beneath the sea of tattered shelters, prisoners could work undetected with mess plates, spoons,and canteen halves.
It . . . — — Map (db m114414) HM|
|Father Peter Whelan, an Irish-born Catholic priest from Savannah, arrived at Andersonville on June 16, 1864, to minister to the sick and dying. While other priests visited for brief periods, Whelan remained for nearly four months during the hottest . . . — — Map (db m47796) HM|
Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great Civil War, testing whether that . . . — — Map (db m47798) HM|
| Grave Markers In the summer of 1867 someone photographed the prisoners’ graves from this same perspective. Names and unit numbers in the historic photo match the information on the present headstones. The markers in the photograph are wooden . . . — — Map (db m113892) HM WM|
|After the Civil War, people wanted to preserve Civil War sites and remember fallen soldiers. At Andersonville, the Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic (LGAR) and the Women's Relief Corps led these efforts. They encouraged states to place . . . — — Map (db m173064) HM|
|Lizabeth A. Turner
Past National President
Woman's Relief Corps
Auxiliary to the
Grand Army of the Republic
Andersonville Prison Board
Died at . . . — — Map (db m47830) HM|
| [Front Side]:
Death Before Dishonor Erected by the Commonwealth in memory of her sons who died in Andersonville 1864-1865
Approved May 28,
W. Murray Crane . . . — — Map (db m12127) HM|
|In 1911 the state of New York erected this granite monument to honor its troops who died in Andersonville prison. Large monuments were a fashion of the time, built on a scale that would symbolize the prisoners' enormous sacrifice.There are twelve . . . — — Map (db m173067) HM|
|Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic, Washington, D.C., May 5, 1868 I. The 30th day of May, 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country . . . — — Map (db m12140) HM|
| Erected by and in honor of all Americans held Prisoners of War in a German prison camp known as Stalag XVII-B in Krems, Austria 1943-1945 and in memory of all Americans held as POWs in European Theatre in WWII. — — Map (db m93024) WM|
| In honor and memory of the U.S. Army Air Force and U.S. Navy airmen who lost their lives while prisoners of war at Hiroshima, Japan, the day of the bomb-August 6, 1945.
-S/Sgt. Charles O. Baumgartner-USAAF -2nd/Lt. Durden Looper-USAAF -2nd . . . — — Map (db m93023) WM|
|In Memorium Erected by the State of Michigan to her Soldiers and Sailors who were imprisoned on these grounds. 1861-1865. — — Map (db m12129) HM|
|At this corner of the prison, the state of Wisconsin erected a monument near the site where many Wisconsin prisoners had camped. Prisoners tended to form groups by state or regiment, to sustain morale.
Look for other monuments on the prison site . . . — — Map (db m12142) HM|
| This building is a memorial to all Americans held as prisoners of war. Through exhibits and video presentations the museum is a reminder that American's freedoms can come at great cost.
The museum's architecture is not based on a specific place . . . — — Map (db m73170) HM WM|
|This memorial erected in 1934 by the National Woman's Relief Corps, Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic, as a tribute to the heroism of the sons of the following states who are buried in Andersonville National Cemetery. Number of dead. . . . — — Map (db m12135) HM|
|New York This monument, erected by The State of New York, commemorates the patriotism, sacrifices and fortitude of about nine thousand New York soldiers of the Union armies in the War of the Rebellion who were confined in the . . . — — Map (db m173246) HM WM|
| In Honor of the United States Army Officers and Enlisted Men As Prisoners of War in OFLAG 64 and 64Z Szubin, Poland and Schokken, Poland 6 June 1943 · 21 January 1945 Senior American Officers Col. Thomas D. Drake · Col. Paul R. Goode Lt. Col. . . . — — Map (db m113272) WM|
| (Front): To her 1055 loyal sons who died here in Camp Sumpter from March 1864 to April 1865 this monument is dedicated. (Reverse): Death before Dishonor — — Map (db m12130) HM|
|This Tablet is Erected in Commemoration
of the patriotic work of the Women's Relief Corps, Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic, in the preservation and improvement of this historic site, comprising 87 acres, of which . . . — — Map (db m48152) HM|
Sentry boxes or "pigeon-roosts" were mounted every 100 feet along the top of the stockade. The guards there had orders to shoot any prisoner who crossed the deadline. Otherwise they had little control over conditions inside.
Perched above . . . — — Map (db m89247) HM|
|The prisoners' headstones are only inches apart. As the death rate at Andersonville escalated to 100 per day, officials abandoned the use of pine-box coffins and had the bodies buried shoulder to shoulder in trenches. At first only numbered stakes . . . — — Map (db m173069) HM|
|During a heavy rainstorm on August 14, 1864, a spring suddenly gushed from this hillside. The prisoners were desperate for fresh water, and over time the event became legendary. Several men claimed to have seen lightning strike this spot just before . . . — — Map (db m12147) HM|
Our Honored Dead
Pvt. Charles N. Allen, Co. D, 1st Reg. Cav.
Sgt. John H. Austin, Co. H, 1st Reg. Cav.
Pvt. Frederick Bane, Co. A, 5th Reg. Art.
Pvt. John W. Bidmead, Co. G, 1st Reg. Cav.
Pvt. James . . . — — Map (db m12131) HM|
Prisoners at Andersonville had to provide their own shelters. With sticks and pieces of clothing, the prisoners improvised leaky tents and lean-tos. Many prisoners had no shelter at all.
Protection from rain, dew, and broiling sun became a . . . — — Map (db m89250) HM|
Within this stronghold stood the offices of the post commander and the prison commandant. Fort and headquarters were symbols of power, but the fully enclosed earthworks also reflect the authorities' besieged state of mind. Hampered by supply . . . — — Map (db m89238) HM|
|This stream, a branch of Sweetwater Creek, was the prison's water supply. Today's neatly dredged channel is misleading. When the prison was built, the stockade posts slowed the current, turning the stream banks into acres of stagnant swamp. The . . . — — Map (db m12149) HM|
In memory of her Union soldiers and loyal sons who died in Confederate prisons during the War of 1861-65. ————— "We who live may for ourselves forget but not for those who died here." (1284 died) . . . — — Map (db m12132) HM|
This downstream end of Stockade Branch was the site of the camp "sinks" or latrines. According to the Confederates' original plan, prisoners would get drinking water upstream and use latrines downstream, where the current would flush sewage out . . . — — Map (db m89243) HM|
| “…The Bataan garrison was destroyed due to its dreadful handicaps, but no army in history more thoroughly accomplished its mission…” General of the Army Douglas MacArthur.
“This bronze is presented to the Andersonville National . . . — — Map (db m93022) WM|
From these heights near headquarters, Capt. Henry A. Wirz could observe everything withing the prison walls. Envision the white post perimeters as the stockade; 30,000 human beings within that area; the din of all those voices, the groans from . . . — — Map (db m89240) HM|
The unhewn logs with daylight between them betray the Confederates' haste to expand the north end of camp. In contrast, the reconstruction at the North Gate section show the carefully planned design of the stockade's initial 16 acres, when . . . — — Map (db m89248) HM|
|The trail follows in the footsteps of newly arriving prisoners. Captured Union soldiers marched from the village railroad station, past this spot, and uphill to the North Gate, the main prison entrance.
After prisoners passed through the outer . . . — — Map (db m12144) HM|
This empty field was the site of Andersonville's third and last hospital. There were two previous hospitals within nine months.
It did not take prisoners long to realize that few patients returned. Knowing that medicines were in short . . . — — Map (db m89239) HM|
These six graves were deliberately set apart; these six prisoners were buried with dishonor.
Only enlisted soldiers were buried at Andersonville. With no Union officers to maintain order, life in the pen became anarchy. A gang known as the . . . — — Map (db m93025) HM|
|The Union dead in this section did not die in Andersonville prison. Buried in haste on battlefields in central and southwest Georgia, many of these soldiers were never identified. There was no system of military "dog tags" during the Civil War. A . . . — — Map (db m173071) HM|
|You are about to enter Andersonville, one of the largest Confederate prisoner-of-war camps. Of the 45,000 Union soldiers confined here, nearly 13,000 died. Beyond a walking tour of the stockade area, a visit to Andersonville involves an inner . . . — — Map (db m12145) HM|
| Vermont To the Vermonters who Perished at Andersonville
You are the sires of generations which are and which never will be
Oh beloved of widows and spinsters
Oh, unbearable loss of mothers and sisters
and brothers and fathers and . . . — — Map (db m113277) WM|
This photograph was taken in August 1864 from a sentry box just downslope from here. The photographer was A.J. Riddle, who was preparing a report for the Confederate government.
Riddle's seven glass-plate negatives were apparently the only . . . — — Map (db m89245) HM|
This monument erected by the State of Wisconsin — in — grateful remembrance to her sons who suffered and died - in - Andersonville Prison March 1864-April 1865
[Front Lower Right Side]:
D. . . . — — Map (db m12133) HM|
When the inner gates swung open, new prisoners had their first vision of life inside. The noise, the stench, the crowd of emaciated men desperate for news, must have been overwhelming.
New arrivals were known as "fresh fish." Anything of . . . — — Map (db m89237) HM|
The city of Andersonville was incorporated in 1853 as the village center of a small farming community. It came to national attention when Camp Sumter Prison opened here in 1864 and especially when its commandant, Capt. Henry . . . — — Map (db m40948) HM|
|This was the site of the Confederacy’s largest prison camp. During the 14 months it existed in 1864-65, over 45,000 Union prisoners were confined here. Of these 12,912 died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, and exposure. Declining . . . — — Map (db m40147) HM|
|Captain Henry Wirz, under the immediate command of Brigadier-General John H. Winder, C.S.A., absent on sick leave, August 1864, commanded the inner prison at Camp Sumter, April 12, 1864 to May 7, 1865. To the best of his ability he tried to obtain . . . — — Map (db m40369) HM|
Captain Henry Wirz
Born Zurich, Switzerland, 1822
Sentenced to death
and executed at Washington D.C.
Nov. 10, 1865.
To rescue his name from the stigma . . . — — Map (db m87990) HM WM|