“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia

Acadian Dykeland Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 17, 2014
Acadian Dykeland Marker
1Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Acadian DykelandLes terres endiguées des Acadiens
English When the French settled at Port-Royal in the early 1600s, the shores of the Annapolis River were bordered with tidal salt marsh. In the 1630s, the French at Port-Royal started reclaiming this fertile land by building dykes. The . . . Map (db m78488) HM
2Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Annapolis Royal Historic DistrictL’arrondissement historique d’Annapolis Royal
English From its strategic setting, Annapolis Royal has witnessed pivotal events in the history of European settlement in Canada. Located on a former Mi’kmaq meeting place, the townsite and its environs were known as Port-Royal by the . . . Map (db m78670) HM
3Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Captures of Port Royal1654 (&) 1710
In commemoration of the captures of Port Royal by New England expeditions under Maj. Robert Sedgwick 1654 and Colonel Francis Nicholson 1710. In this second expedition Col. Samuel Vetch was Adjutant-General. There were 36 transports, 4 ships of 60 . . . Map (db m78439) HM
4Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — CemeteriesLes Cimetières
English Two cemeteries are located in this burial ground: the earlier Acadian parish cemetery and the later Church of England cemetery. The wooden markers once placed on most of the graves have long since decayed. The gravestones that . . . Map (db m78605) HM
5Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Charles Fort / Le fort CharlesCharles de Menou d’Aulnay — (ca. 1604-1650) / (v.1604-1650) —
Two markers are located on these monument. Charles Fort / Le fort Charles English A group of about 70 Scottish settlers began a colony here in 1629, eight years after King James I granted ‘Nova Scotia’ to Sir William . . . Map (db m78486) HM
6Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Daniel Auger de Subercase
In memory of Daniel Auger de Subercase 1663-1732 Chevalier of the Military Order of St. Louis, last French commander of this fort and defender of Acadie. Honour to unsuccessful valourMap (db m78442) HM
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7Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Duvivier AttackL’attaque de Duvivier
English In September 1744, French soldiers and Aboriginal warriors attacked this fort. The took advantage of the overcast and rainy weather to attack at night under cover of darkness, sometimes managing to slip onto the outer works of the . . . Map (db m78606) HM
8Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Early Use of SiteL’utilisation de l’endroit à l’origine
English Before you, the Allain and Annapolis rivers meet, creating a stopping place used by travelers for many centuries. The Annapolis River makes access to the site easy, while the natural rise of land provides a good view downstream. . . . Map (db m78483) HM
9Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Fort Anne, a Bastioned FortLe Fort Anne, fort à bastions
English Forts like this are called bastioned forts after one other principal pars - the bastion. The fort’s shape creates areas of crossfire which allow the land surrounding the fort to be moere easily defended. From the late 1600s to the . . . Map (db m78598) HM
10Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Glebe LandsHistoric Lower Saint George Street
The modern-day market in Annapolis Royal sits on land that for much of the town’s history was church property. The earliest Roman Catholic Church, built of stone, was located next to the fort and destroyed following Sir William Phips’ capture of . . . Map (db m78720) HM
11Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Jean Paul Mascarenec. 1694-1760
English A French Huguenot in the British army, Mascarene served here from 1710 to 1750. He was a member of the Council of Nova Scotia (1720-50), lieutenant-colonel of Philipps’ Regiment (1742-50), and administrator and commander in chief . . . Map (db m78491) HM
12Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Major Erasmus James Philipps
. . . Map (db m78700) HM
13Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Masonic Stone of 1606
1738 - 2013 This replica of the Masonic stone of 1606 was presented to the Masons of Nova Scotia as a gift from the Most Wor. Bro. Roy F. Lively past Grand Master of Nova Scotia 2008-2009 commemorating the 275th Anniversary of Masonry in Nova . . . Map (db m78668) HM
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14Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Port-Royal
English When the French first came to the Annapolis Basin, Samuel de Champlain called it “Port-Royal” in recognition of its great size. Eventually, the area surrounding the basin and along the Annapolis River became known as . . . Map (db m78449) HM
15Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Queen’s WharfLe Quai de la Couronne
English Since the 1740s, three wharves have been built where the ruins of the Queen’s Wharf now lie. Everything the fort needed was landed on the wharf: troops, provisions, weapons and much more. It served the needs of the military until . . . Map (db m78445) HM
16Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Rose FortuneIndependent Businesswoman, Port Constable — femme d’affaires indépendante, Port Constable —
English Rose Fortune is a uniquely intriguing figure in Nova Scotia history. An independent businesswoman of African descent, she demonstrated remarkable character and indomitable resolve in her varied enterprises. Operating a . . . Map (db m78671) HM
17Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Samuel Vetch
English Adjutant-General of the force under Colonel Francis Nicholson which captured Port Royal, Capital of Acadia, in 1710. First Governor and Commander-in-Chief. A notable figure in colonial history. An able soldier and administrator. . . . Map (db m78482) HM
18Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sieur de Monts
To the illustrious memory of Lieut. Gen’l Timothé Pierre du Guast, Sieur de Monts, the pioneer of civilization in North America, who discovered and explored the adjacent river, A.D. 1604, and founded on its banks the first settlement of . . . Map (db m78443) HM
19Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sinclair InnL’auberge Sinclair
English The Sinclair Inn is an important document in the history of building in Atlantic Canada. In the 1780s, tavern-keeper Frederick Sinclair created this inn by combining two existing structures. Both were frame, and the walls of one . . . Map (db m78701) HM
20Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sir William Fenwick Williams
This tablet marks the Site of the Brith-place of General Sir William Fenwick Williams Baronet 1799 - 1883 “The Hero of Kars” Pasha of Turkey. Grand Officier Legion of Honour, France. Member of the British Parliament. . . . Map (db m78672) HM
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21Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sir William Robert Wolseley Winniett.
. . . Map (db m78698) HM
22Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Black HoleLe cachot
English The French built this powder magazine into the earthworks of their new fort in 1702. Both the French and the British used it to store gunpowder. In the early 1800s, it was used briefly as a prison or “Black Hole.” In . . . Map (db m78601) HM
23Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Flag BastionLe bastion de l’étendard
English You are standing on the west bastion which, in the 1700s, was the principal bastion. This being the closest bastion to the river, a flag was flown here to show approaching vessels who controlled the stronghold. Important . . . Map (db m78603) HM
24Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Wharf & WaterfrontHistoric Lower Saint George Street
In the early hours of July 4, 1724, a combined force of Mi’kimaq and Maliseet warriors attacked Annapolis Royal, slipping into the town as its residents slept. They attacked the fort from the cover of the hollow near the east bastion. Although the . . . Map (db m78702) HM
25Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — William WolseleyPhilipps Cosby
Two plaques share a common stand. William Wolseley 1756-1842 English William Wolseley was born at Annapolis Royal, the son of an officier of the garrison. He entered the Royal Navy in 1769, and served with . . . Map (db m78607) HM
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Dec. 4, 2022