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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Anniston, Alabama

 
Clickable Map of Calhoun County, Alabama and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Calhoun County, AL (138) Cherokee County, AL (46) Cleburne County, AL (2) Etowah County, AL (37) St. Clair County, AL (26) Talladega County, AL (29)  CalhounCounty(138) Calhoun County (138)  CherokeeCounty(46) Cherokee County (46)  CleburneCounty(2) Cleburne County (2)  EtowahCounty(37) Etowah County (37)  St.ClairCounty(26) St. Clair County (26)  TalladegaCounty(29) Talladega County (29)
Anniston is the county seat for Calhoun County
Anniston is in Calhoun County
      Calhoun County (138)  
ADJACENT TO CALHOUN COUNTY
      Cherokee County (46)  
      Cleburne County (2)  
      Etowah County (37)  
      St. Clair County (26)  
      Talladega County (29)  
 
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1 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — “Spirit of the American Doughboy”Anniston, Alabama
Erected by the Anniston Post American Legion to the Calhoun County Men who served in the World WarMap (db m53334) HM
2 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1005 Noble StreetC. 1890
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217264) HM
3 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1006 Noble Streetc. 1888
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217281) HM
4 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1008 Gurnee Avenuec. 1907
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217294) HM
5 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1012 Noble Streetc. 1888
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217280) HM
6 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1014 Noble Streetc. 1888
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217279) HM
7 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1018 Noble Streetc. 1900
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217278) HM
8 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1024 Noble Streetc. 1888
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217277) HM
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9 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1030 Gurnee Avenuec. 1925
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217293) HM
10 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1031 Gurnee Avenue1952
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217295) HM
11 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1118 Noble Streetc. 1898
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217276) HM
12 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1208 Walnut Avenuec. 1888
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217296) HM
13 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1213 Noble Streetc. 1923
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217401) HM
14 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1217 Noble Streetc. 1920
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217267) HM
15 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1224 Noble Streetc. 1891
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217273) HM
16 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1230 Noble Street1906
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217285) HM
17 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 13 W. 10th Street1903
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217298) HM
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18 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1301 Noble Street1917
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217269) HM
19 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1302 Noble Street1918
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217270) HM
20 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1311 Gurnee Avenue1902
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217286) HM
21 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 15 E. 10th Streetc. 1908
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217301) HM
22 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 15 W. 10th Streetc. 1905
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217299) HM
23 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 416 W. 15th Streetc. 1925
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217302) HM
24 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 50 Years Later — Freedom Riders National Monument —
On May 11, 2011, 40 students who were retracing the route of the original Freedom Ride, arrived in Anniston. The student Freedom Ride was part of a promotion organized by WGBH/Boston, a member of the Public Broadcasting system. The goal was to . . . Map (db m217423) HM
25 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 509 W. 15th Streetc. 1900
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217287) HM
26 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 906 Noble Streetc. 1920
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217284) HM
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27 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 910 Noble Streetc. 1915
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217283) HM
28 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 913 Noble Streetc. 1953
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217261) HM
29 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 920 Noble Streetc. 1885
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217282) HM
30 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 7 — Anniston Memorial HospitalMay 14, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
When seven injured "Freedom Riders" arrived at the Hospital on this date, the mob that had attacked them earlier in the day followed. The Riders were testing desegregation of public transportation in the South by riding buses. The bus they . . . Map (db m106647) HM
31 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 6 — Anniston Public Library DesegregationSeptember 15-16, 1963 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
Desegregation of the Library began when two African American pastors, Reverends William B. McClain and Nimrod Q. Reynolds, peacefully attempted to enter the building on September 15, 1963. Their actions were endorsed by the city of Anniston . . . Map (db m106644) HM
32 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Calhoun County World War I Memorial 1917 - 1919
South side This tablet is erected in honor of the Soldiers and Sailors from Calhoun County Alabama who served in the Great World War 1917 - 1919 North side Calhoun . . . Map (db m106706) WM
33 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Civic PurposeExploring the History of Block No. 148 - The Site of Anniston's Federal Courthouse
In the early 1940s, all of the buildings on Block 148 were demolished to make way for two new buildings, the USO Recreation Center and a public health building. Paul W. Hofferbert designed the USO building for the Army. Hofferbert was a local . . . Map (db m217677) HM
34 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — First Lot Sold
Site of first lot sold to the public in Anniston June 20, 1883 purchased by William H. WilliamsMap (db m217291) HM
35 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Freedom Riders
On May 14, 1961, a Greyhound bus left Atlanta, GA carrying among its passengers seven members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a.k.a. the “Freedom Riders,” on a journey to test interstate bus segregation. The bus was met by an angry mob . . . Map (db m35737) HM
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36 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — George W. Ingram1918-1941 — U.S. Navy —
Seaman Second Class, United States Navy, George Washington Ingram was killed in action in the defense of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. For Seaman Ingram's bravery, an American destroyer was built and named in his honor. The U.S.S. George . . . Map (db m106617) HM
37 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Governor Thomas E. Kilby1865-1943
Outstanding local industrialist as President, Kilby Steel Company; Chairman, Board of Directors, Alabama Pipe Company; President, City National and Anniston National Banks. Served as Mayor of Anniston (1905-09); State Senator (1911-15); Lieutenant . . . Map (db m35758) HM
38 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Grace Episcopal Church
Called “A poem in cedar & stone,” its history is intimately related to that of Anniston: Town Founders, Daniel Tyler & Samuel Noble, inspired its conception, funded its construction & caused Woodstock Iron Co. to donate the land on which . . . Map (db m35759) HM
39 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 3 — Greyhound Bus Station Protest, May 14, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
Front This was the site of the Greyhound bus terminal where on May 14, 1961, a bus carrying black and white Civil Rights Activists known as "Freedom Riders" was attacked by a mob of whites who were protesting desegregation of public . . . Map (db m106621) HM
40 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Historic Woodstock 5K Start
This sign marks the start line of the Woodstock 5K, one of the oldest continuous footraces in the southeast. First held in 1980, the race takes place the first Saturday in August each year and rollercoasters through the historic neighborhoods . . . Map (db m217680) HM
41 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Horror and Disbelief1:55 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. — Freedom Riders National Monument —
The violence reached a crescendo when a flaming bundle of rags was thrown into one of the broken windows. Within seconds, the bundle exploded, sending dark gray smoke throughout the bus. Three of the Riders found open windows, dropping to the . . . Map (db m217417) HM
42 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Humble BeginningsExploring the History of Block No. 148 - The Site of Anniston's Federal Courthouse
Block 148, the block on which you are standing, was first developed in 1880 when three identical brick houses were constructed at the southeast corner of the block as rental properties for workers at the nearby factories. This 1888 Bird's Eye View . . . Map (db m217433) HM
43 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Major John PelhamWas born here → — September 7, 1838 —
Commanded Horse Artillery of Army of Northern Virginia, C.S.A. Killed at Kelly’s Ford, Va. March 17, 1863 Styled “The Gallant Pelham” By Robert E. LeeMap (db m36546) HM
44 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Parker Memorial Baptist Church
On July 3, 1887, a congregation of 45 people met at the Opera House on Noble Street to organize a new church. Originally called Second Baptist Church, the name soon was changed to Twelfth Street Baptist Church. In 1889, it became Parker . . . Map (db m36545) HM
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45 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Prelude / Arrival — Freedom Riders National Monument —
Prelude: 12 p.m.- 12:54 p.m. Just before this picture of the Greyhound Bus Depot at 1031 Gurnee (below left) was taken, approximately 75 men had gathered in front of it. They quickly dispersed as free-lance photographer for The Anniston Star, . . . Map (db m217412) HM
46 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Pursuit / Trapped — Freedom Riders National Monument —
Pursuit: 1:25 p.m. - 1:35 p.m. Heading to Birmingham, the battered bus turned south on Gurnee from the station and west on 10th St. while men rushed to their cars to follow. Police escorted the bus to the city limits where they turned back, . . . Map (db m217416) HM
47 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Rescue / Escape — Freedom Riders National Monument —
Rescue Once there, all of the injured were treated at the urging of an FBI agent on the scene. In the meantime, the crowd outside the hospital grew larger and more menacing, with some Klansmen threatening to burn the building to the ground. At . . . Map (db m217420) HM
48 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 10 — Saint John United Methodist Church — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
Saint John, founded at the turn of the 19th century, is the first African-American Methodist Episcopal Church in South Anniston. The original structure was built in 1922. The current building was erected in 1951 on the corner of D Street and . . . Map (db m144905) HM
49 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Saint Michael and All Angels← 12 Blocks West
Built by John Ward Noble, one of Anniston’s founders. Consecrated on September 29, 1890. Widely acclaimed for unique and beautiful Norman Gothic architecture. The church dominated by imposing 95 foot bell tower. Open DailyMap (db m36540) HM
50 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Security Bank Building
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m217290) HM
51 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 9 — Seventeenth Street Missionary Baptist Church, Organized 1887 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
Seventeenth Street Missionary Baptist Church served as the home of "mass meetings" for black Annistonians who planned and executed Anniston's part of the Civil Rights Movement. Reverends D.C. Washington (1937-1960) and Nimrod Q. Reynolds . . . Map (db m106651) HM
52 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 1 — Southern Railway Station AttackJanuary 2, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
Local "Jim Crow" laws in the first half of the 20th century enforced racial segregation in public transportation facilities throughout the South. The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Boynton v. Virginia (1960) upheld that segregation in these . . . Map (db m106602) HM
53 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Surrounding DevelopmentExploring the History of Block No. 148 - The Site of Anniston's Federal Courthouse
In 1917, Block 148 appeared much as it did thirty years earlier. The only new addition was the Chero-Cola Bottling Company on West 12th Street. However, the surrounding blocks, which had been residential or had remained undeveloped, saw some major . . . Map (db m217673) HM
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54 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Temple Beth El
Temple Beth El is the oldest building continuously used for Jewish worship in Alabama. Anniston’s Reform Jewish congregation was established in 1888. Its women’s organization, the Ladies Hebrew Benevolent Society, directed the construction of the . . . Map (db m36543) HM
55 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Temple Beth El Section Hillside Cemetery
In April 1888, the founder of a newly established Reform Jewish congregation purchased twenty-three lots in Hillside Cemetery to bury their deceased members. In 1987, the City of Anniston vacated right-of-way that allowed the Temple to expand the . . . Map (db m53163) HM
56 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Ambush / The Police — Freedom Riders National Monument —
The Ambush: 12:54 p.m. - 1:10 p.m. The silence didn't last long. Anniston Klansman William Chappell and a screaming mob of about 50 white men surrounded the bus. An 18-year-old Klansman, Roger Couch, lay on the pavement in front of the bus to . . . Map (db m217413) HM
57 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Birthplace of the “Gallant Pelham”
Major John Pelham C.S.A. Born September 14, 1838 at the home of his Grand Parents William McGehee and Elizabeth Clay McGehee Erected by Forney District U.D.C. May 5, 1937Map (db m36547) HM
58 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Burning Bus — Freedom Riders National Monument —
While the Riders awaited rescue, the bus continued to burn. The Anniston Fire Department extinguished the flames and administered oxygen. A state trooper called an ambulance, but it took Cowling to force the driver to carry the injured black Riders . . . Map (db m217419) HM
59 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Freedom Rides — Freedom Riders National Monument —
The Rides began in May 1961 when the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) decided to test a 1960 U. S. Supreme Court ruling that outlawed segregation in depot restaurants and restrooms serving interstate passengers. Previously, CORE had organized a . . . Map (db m217406) HM
60 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 5 — The Human Relations Council — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
The Anniston City Commission, on May 16, 1963, established by resolution the Human Relations Council, consisting of five white men and four black men. The Council's purpose was to "make recommendations concerning human relations," and its members . . . Map (db m106627) HM
61 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Legacy of the Military / Anniston's Military Heritage
The Legacy of the Military On the other side of Anniston, the Army constructed an Ordnance Depot on 15,000 acres west of the city during WWII. Over time, the depot evolved into the region's largest employer. The economic and community . . . Map (db m106619) HM
62 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 4 — The Murder of Willie BrewsterJuly 15, 1965 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
Willie Brewster became the target of white extremists after words spoken at a National States Rights Party encouraged them to commit acts of violence against blacks. As Brewster drove home with co-workers from the night shift at Union Foundry, he . . . Map (db m106626) HM
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63 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Photograph — Freedom Riders National Monument —
The most famous photograph of the Freedom Rides and one of the most iconic of the Civil Rights movement was taken by a freelance photographer for The Anniston Star. Joe Postiglione, called “Little Joe” by his friends, was tipped off by the Greyhound . . . Map (db m217422) HM
64 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Segregationists — Freedom Riders National Monument —
The Alabama Knights of the Ku Klux Klan had known about the Freedom Ride since mid-April and had detailed information on the city-by-city itinerary, thanks to FBI memos forwarded to the Birmingham Police Department. In a series of secret meetings in . . . Map (db m217411) HM
65 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — The Selection Process — Freedom Riders National Monument —
CORE leadership solicited applicants for the Ride from outside the organization as well as CORE veterans. They tried to achieve a reasonably balanced mixture of black and white, young and old, religious and secular. The only deliberate imbalance was . . . Map (db m217410) HM
66 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Trailways AttackSeeking Justice
1st Panel Two busloads of Freedom Riders arrived in Alabama on Sunday, May 14, 1961, bound for New Orleans. It was an organized effort by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) to challenge the South's continued defiance of U. S. . . . Map (db m106721) HM
67 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 2 — Trailways Bus Station AttackMay 14, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
Throughout the first half of the 20th century, race relations in the South were dominated by local "Jim Crow" laws. Although in 1960 the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation violated the Interstate Commerce Act, local laws persisted. . . . Map (db m106605) HM
68 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Triumph — Freedom Riders National Monument —
But the Ride didn't end. The national newspaper and television coverage of what had happened galvanized the Nashville Student Movement, which already had experience successfully challenging segregationist practices through lunch counter sit-ins, . . . Map (db m217421) HM
69 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Tyrus Raymond Cobb
In 1904, 18 year old Tyrus Raymond Cobb lived in a boarding house on this site while playing minor league baseball for the Anniston Steelers. From nearby Scarbrough Drug Store on Noble Street he wrote letters, using fictitious names, to sports . . . Map (db m106606) HM
70 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — United States Federal Building - Courthouse
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior United States Federal Building - Courthouse Built 1906Map (db m217266) HM
71 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — 8 — West 15th Street Historic District — Anniston Civil Rights Trail —
This district was once the economic and social hub of Anniston's African American community. In its heyday (1940-1950), the District was a "city within a city," with businesses that catered to the black community. Grocery stores, restaurants, . . . Map (db m106650) HM
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72 Alabama, Calhoun County, Anniston — Who Were the Riders? — Freedom Riders National Monument —
In Atlanta, the Riders separated into two integrated groups to board two different buses; the seven who were on the Greyhound bus destined for Anniston included: • Albert Bigelow, 55 white male from Connecticut (a retired naval officer, . . . Map (db m217409) HM
 
 
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Jul. 12, 2024