“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Asheville

Clickable Map of Buncombe County, North Carolina and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Buncombe County, NC (90) Haywood County, NC (34) Henderson County, NC (74) Madison County, NC (17) McDowell County, NC (12) Rutherford County, NC (32) Yancey County, NC (8)  BuncombeCounty(90) Buncombe County (90)  HaywoodCounty(34) Haywood County (34)  HendersonCounty(74) Henderson County (74)  MadisonCounty(17) Madison County (17)  McDowellCounty(12) McDowell County (12)  RutherfordCounty(32) Rutherford County (32)  YanceyCounty(8) Yancey County (8)
Asheville, North Carolina and Vicinity
    Buncombe County (90)
    Haywood County (34)
    Henderson County (74)
    Madison County (17)
    McDowell County (12)
    Rutherford County (32)
    Yancey County (8)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — "The Block"
Eagle Street traditionally has been the commercial, cultural, and professional center of the African-American community. The YMI Cultural Center, commissioned by George W. Vanderbilt in 1892 as the Young Men's Institute, was renovated in the 1980s. . . . — Map (db m98367) HM
2North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — 1st U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery — "Ready to Take the Field"
Gen. Davis Tillson raised 1,700-man 1st U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery in Tennessee and North Carolina in 1864. The unit encamped nearby while garrisoned in Asheville in 1865. Assigned to Tillson's 2nd brigade, the men participated in operations in . . . — Map (db m55571) HM
3North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Appalachian Stage
Since 1902, when the first city auditorium was built here, this area has been a center for entertainment and the preservation of Southern Appalachian culture. Acclaim has gone to composer Boscom Lamar Lunsford and playwright Hubert Hayes for . . . — Map (db m36176) HM
4North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Ashe Monument
Dedicated to the memory of Samuel Ashe 1725 - 1813 Distinguished North Carolinian Governor, Statesman and Jurist in whose honor the City of Asheville was named — Map (db m30120) HM
5North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-61 — Asheville Normal School
Presbyterian. Opened 1887 as Home Industrial School. Teacher's College 1892-1944. Stood nearby. — Map (db m56622) HM
6North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Asheville's Enslaved People — Wartime Servitude
When the war began, more than 15 percent of Buncombe County’s residents were enslaved people. James Patton housed slaves behind his Eagle Hotel (straight ahead), where they worked as waiter, maids, grooms, cooks, and trail guides. Three blocks to . . . — Map (db m75507) HM
7North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Battery Porter — Napoleons on Stony Hill
Near the end of the Civil War in 1865, Confederate Battery Porter was positioned uphill to your right on Stony Hill, at that time the highest point in Asheville. The battery included four 12-pounder field pieces known as Napoleons, a model 1857 . . . — Map (db m75505) HM
8North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-56 — Battle of Asheville
. . . — Map (db m55543) HM
9North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Battle of Asheville — Kirby's Expedition
On April 3, 1865, Union Col. Isaac M. Kirby left Tennessee with 900 men including his own 101st Ohio Infantry for “a scout in the direction of Asheville.” Three days later, local resident Nicholas Woodfin spotted the Federals on the . . . — Map (db m75534) HM
10North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 68 — Biltmore House
Designed for George W. Vanderbilt by Richard M. Hunt. Constructed, 1890-1895. Opened to public, 1930. Three miles west. — Map (db m12704) HM
11North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Birthplace of American Forestry
George W. Vanderbilt, following the recommendation of landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, was the first American landowner to implement scientific forestry, the management and conservation of forest lands, on a large scale. He hired Gifford . . . — Map (db m58507) HM
12North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Brick Artisan
James Vester Miller was chief brickmason for the 1925 Municipal Building. The cornucopias over the side doorway mark the entrance to the City Market, located there from 1926 to 1932. Of slave parentage, Miller achieved renown as a craftsman, . . . — Map (db m98368) HM
13North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Buncombe County Court House — 1927
1927 Buncombe County Court House Erected by the People of Buncombe County Board of County Commissioners Hon.E.M.Lyda Chairman Hon.W.E.Johnson~Hon.W.E.McLean Burgin Pernnell County Attorney L.E.Jarrett County . . . — Map (db m18694) HM
14North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-77 — Buncombe Turnpike
Opened up western N.C. Built, 1824-28; the 75-mi. long route from S.C. line to Tenn. line, used by settlers & livestock drovers, passed nearby. — Map (db m55544) HM
15North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Civic Pride
Asheville's central square has long served the needs of government and commerce. From 1892 to 1926 a massive city hall with a bell tower dominated the east end. The building housed police and fire departments in addition to municipal offices. . . . — Map (db m17062) HM
16North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 57 — Confederate Armory
Manufactured Enfield-type rifles. In 1863 Plant moved to Columbia.S.C. Building was located 1/4 mi.SE.Burned in 1865. — Map (db m30269) HM
17North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Crossroads
Native American trails guided settlers to this site, where in 1793 the Buncombe County Court placed the first courthouse, prison, and stocks. With the opening of the Buncombe Turnpike in 1827, this public square became a crossroads for stagecoach . . . — Map (db m97553) HM
18North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Daniel K. Moore — 1906 - 1986
Governor, 1965~1969; N.C. Supreme Court Justice, 1969~1978; Judge; Legislator & Business Leader. "Man of the Mountains." Birthplace was nearby. — Map (db m56353) HM
19North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-5 — David L. Swain
Governor and political leader. President of the University of North Carolina, 1835-1868. Was born three miles E. — Map (db m31260) HM
20North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Elizabeth Blackwell, M.D.
Dr. Blackwell was the first woman awarded a medical degree in the United States. She began privately her medical studies in Asheville in 1845 under Dr. John Dickson, for whom she taught music at Dickson private school for girls. The school was . . . — Map (db m31663) HM
21North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Ellington's Dream
In 1926 Asheville and Buncombe County officials considered erecting matching government buildings on Court Plaze. The city chose Douglas Ellington's Beaux-Art design with its Art Deco embellishments. The county, however, rejected Ellington's plan . . . — Map (db m98371) HM
22North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-95 — Flood of 1916
Devastated western N.C. and western Piedmont; destroyed homes, crops, mills, bridges. Four lives lost, July 16, near main gate of Biltmore Estate. — Map (db m97531) HM
23North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-30 — Forster A. Sondley — 1857 ~ 1931
Historian, lawyer, and bibliophile. Gave to Asheville the Sondley Reference Library. His home is 2.7 mi. north. — Map (db m56288) HM
24North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-33 — Francis Asbury
Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1784-1816, often visited and preached at the home of Daniel Killian which was one mile east. — Map (db m31456) HM
25North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Frederick Law Olmsted — Biltmore Estate Landscape Architect — 1822 - 1903 —
As work progressed on Biltmore Estate, his last and largest private project, Frederick Law Olmsted observed, "It is a great work of peace we are engaged in and one of these days we shall all be proud of our parts in it." It was Olmstead who . . . — Map (db m58506) HM
26North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Historic Hilltop — Asheville Urban Trail
Colonel Frank Coxe opened the first Battery Park Hotel in 1886. The rambling structure on a hill top became internationally prominent, catering to famous guests. In the early 1920s Edwin W. Groves purchased the property. He built a brand new Battery . . . — Map (db m30224) HM
27North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Hotel District — (of Asheville, N.C.)
An ornamental eagle perched high in front of the Eagle Hotel one block south. Irish immigrant James Patton opened the hostelry in 1814. Almost opposite the Eagle, the Swannanoa Hotel began operation in 1878, making South Main Street - now . . . — Map (db m57588) HM
28North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Immortal Image
Reminiscent of Asheville's Victorian past, the Drhumor Building across Church Street was built in 1895 by William J. Cocke and family. Fred Miles, Biltmore Hourse sculptor, carved the limestone frieze. Immortalized in stone is on the east side is . . . — Map (db m97545) HM
29North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 32 — Jeter C. Pritchard
United States Senator, 1895-1903. Republican leader, newspaperman, federal judge. His home is 3/10 mile east; grave is 1.3 mi. west. — Map (db m12708) HM
30North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 94 — Jimmie Rodgers — 1897-1933
"Singing Brakeman" lived in Asheville, 1927. Began his country music career with radio broadcasts on WWNC, then 50 yds. W. — Map (db m84784) HM
31North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-49 — Joseph Lane
Territorial Governor of Oregon, 1848-50, Vice-Presidential candidate, 1860, U.S. Senator, major general in Mexican War. Born 3 miles east — Map (db m31534) HM
32North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-44 — Kiffin Y. Rockwell
World War I soldier, aviator. First pilot of Escadrille Lafayette to shoot down enemy plane. Killed in action, Sept. 23, 1916. Home 200 yds. W. — Map (db m31325) HM
33North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Landsman Riley Powers — Mountain Sailor
Early in 1861, Buncombe County farmer William Riley Powers joined the Rough and Ready Guards (Co. F, 14th North Carolina Infantry). The regiment was assigned to southeastern Virginia. There, Confederate Gen. Benjamin Huger discharged Pvts. Powers . . . — Map (db m75532) HM
34North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-29 — Lee's School — 1846-1879
. . . — Map (db m57304) HM
35North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 79 — Lillian Exum Clement Stafford — 1894 - 1925
First female legislator in the South. Elected to N.C. House, 1920. Her law office was 400 yds west; home ½ mi. NE. — Map (db m12707) HM
36North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-22 — Locke Craig — 1860 ~ 1924
Governor, 1913-1917. He created the state highway & fisheries commissions, est. Mt. Mitchell State Park. Lived 1/2 mi. W. — Map (db m57111) HM
37North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Monument Corner
W.O. Wolfe's tombstone shop, fondly recalled by his son, Thomas in Look Homeward Angel, once stood on this corner. During the boom of the 1920s, real estate developer L.B. Jackson purchased the property from Julia Westall Wolfe and built . . . — Map (db m97548) HM
38North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 18 — Newton Academy
Established before 1793 as Union Hill Academy. Named for George Newton. Later site of a public school. Building stood 200 feet east. — Map (db m2277) HM
39North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — O. Henry
William Sydney Porter, whose pen name was O. Henry, rented an office nearby in 1909-1910. Popular for his short stories, especially "The Gift of the Magi," he was inspired to write "Let Me Feel Your Pulse" by a visit to an Asheville physician. . . . — Map (db m97533) HM
40North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-78 — Olive Tilford Dargan — 1869-1968
Writer of fiction and poetry. "Fielding Burke," her pen name. Author of Call Home the Heart and Highland Annals. Home, 1925-68, was 1/4 mile N. — Map (db m57222) HM
41North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Past and Promise
Until electricity was introduced in the late 1880s, gas and kerosene lamps provided lighting in Public Square—now Pack Square. Horse-head fountains, fed from a reservoir on Beaucatcher Mountain, were affixed to lampposts at the east and west . . . — Map (db m98364) HM
42North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Private George Avery — South Asheville Colored Cemetery
George Avery, a 19-year-old enslaved blacksmith, joined Co. D, 40th United States Colored Troops, in Greeneville, Tennessee, in 1865. According to local tradition, his master, Confederate Maj. William W. McDowell, sent Avery to enlist for a post-war . . . — Map (db m75527) HM
43North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 36 — Richmond Pearson — 1852 - 1923
Congressman, 1895-1901; U.S. Minister to Persia, 1902-1907, and to Greece and Montenegro, 1907-09. His home, “Richmond Hill,” was ½ mile N.W. — Map (db m71110) HM
44North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-3 — Riverside Cemetery
Graves of Thomas Wolfe & "O. Henry," authors; Zebulon B. Vance, governor; Thomas L. Clingman and Robert R. Reynolds, U.S. senators. One-half mile W. — Map (db m97532) HM
45North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Robert E. Lee — Dixie Highway
Erected and Dedicated by the United Daughters of the Confederacy and Friends In loving memory of Robert E. Lee and to mark the route of the Dixie Highway “The shaft memorial and highway straight attest his worth . . . — Map (db m31578) HM
46North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 37 — Rutherford Trace
The expedition led by Gen. Griffith Rutherford against the Cherokee, September, 1776, passed nearby on the banks of the Swannanoa River. — Map (db m2279) HM
47North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 38 — Rutherford Trace
The expedition led by Gen. Griffith Rutherford against the Cherokee, September 1776, passed nearby. — Map (db m17056) HM
48North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Smith-McDowell House — Our Businessman-Soldier
After John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859, new militia companies were formed in the South. Businessman William W. McDowell, whose wife acquired this house from her father’s and brother’s estates, raised a company called the . . . — Map (db m75524) HM
49North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — St. Genevieve ~ Of ~ The ~ Pines
The Religious of Christian Education, an order of nuns originally from France, established Hillside Convent School on January 6, 1908. In 1910, the school was moved to this site and renamed St. Genevieve~of~the~Pines. For eight decades, the . . . — Map (db m57479) HM
50North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Stepping Out
The coming of the railroad and tuberculosis sanitariums in the 1880s prompted a population explosion in Asheville. On Patton Avenue the Grand Central Hotel opened circa 1880 and the Grand Opera House in 1890. Later, vaudeville and motion picture . . . — Map (db m97550) HM
51North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 9 — Stoneman's Raid
On a raid through western North Carolina Gen. Stoneman's U.S. Cavalry occupied Asheville on April 26, 1865. — Map (db m12768) HM
52North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-53 — Sulphur Springs
Health & social resort during the nineteenth century; patronized by low-country planters. Springs are 600 yds. S. — Map (db m17093) HM
53North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — The County of Buncombe
Near and West of this spot at Gum Spring The County of Buncombe was organized on April 16, 1792 under act of the General Assembly of North Carolina Erected by The National Society of the Colonial Dames Of America In the State of . . . — Map (db m12831) HM
54North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — The Early Years In Asheville's Historic Central Square
Buncombe County was carved out of a magnificent mountain landscape etched by indigenous trails and scattered settlements. The bill creating the county was ratified on January 14, 1792. In 1793, the county's first official courthouse, a jail and . . . — Map (db m98370) HM
55North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-56 — The University of North Carolina at Asheville
Established 1927; became Asheville-Biltmore College 1936. Moved here in 1961. A campus of The University of North Carolina, 1969. — Map (db m55545) HM
56North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P 17 — Thomas Wolfe
Author of "Look Homeward Angel" (1929)."Of Time and the River", and other works. Home stands 200 yards N., birthplace 500 yds. N.E. — Map (db m12706) HM
57North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Thomas Wolfe House / Dixieland — Old Kentucky Home
Dixieland Asheville native Thomas Wolfe achieved international fame with the publication of his first full-length novel, Look Homeward, Angel, in 1929. Many of the incidents in the book took place in his mother's boardinghouse, "Old . . . — Map (db m12757) HM
58North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — To Honor the Revolutionary Soldiers — Buried in Buncombe County, N.C.
James Alexander • Zebulon Baird • Willian Brittain • Adam Cooper • Samuel Davidson • Willian Davidson • Lot Harper • Joseph Harrison • William Moore • John Patton • Daniel Smith • Valentine Thrash • David Vance • Robert Williamson . . . — Map (db m37193) HM
59North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Trinity Episcopal Church — Built 1911 - 1913
Designed by Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue of Cram, Goodhue and Ferguson, New York Has been placed on the National Register Of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m32324) HM
60North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Walk Into History
The Urban Trail, a self-guided walk through historic downtown, begins here at the heart of the city, the public square. Philanthropist George Willis Pack, for whom the square was named in 1903, gave generously to the entire community. So too, the . . . — Map (db m98369) HM
61North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — War with Spain
This marker is erected in loving memory of the men of Buncombe County who volunteered and served in the War with Spain, the insurrection in the Philippines and the China Relief Expedition, 1898 - 1902 — Map (db m37194) HM
62North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Wartime Jail — Asheville's Prisons
During the war, many large buildings such as schools, warehouses, and churches became temporary prisons in Southern cities. After Asheville's jail on Pack Square overflowed with Confederate draft evaders, deserters, Union prisoners of war, and . . . — Map (db m59170) HM
63North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Western North Carolina Veterans Memorial
[inscriptions, west center interior] "It is the Veteran:" It is the Veteran who has given us and defended Freedom of Religion. It is the Veteran who has given us and defended Freedom of Press. It is the Veteran who has given us . . . — Map (db m30268) HM
64North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-88 — Young Men’s Institute
Est. 1892 as a center for social, moral, religious influence for blacks working at Biltmore. Businesses thrived in building 100 yards, S. — Map (db m30151) HM
65North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — Zebulon Baird Vance
. . . — Map (db m32044) HM
66North Carolina (Buncombe County), Asheville — P-89 — Zelda Fitzgerald — 1900-1948
Writer, artist, Jazz Age icon; wife of F. Scott Fitzgerald. On Mar. 10, 1948, died in Highland Hospital fire, 1/4 mi S. — Map (db m55546) HM
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Oct. 28, 2020