“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Atlanta, Georgia

Clickable Map of Clayton County, Georgia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Clayton County, GA (51) DeKalb County, GA (113) Fayette County, GA (14) Fulton County, GA (463) Henry County, GA (37) Spalding County, GA (198)  ClaytonCounty(51) Clayton County (51)  DeKalbCounty(113) DeKalb County (113)  FayetteCounty(14) Fayette County (14)  FultonCounty(463) Fulton County (463)  HenryCounty(37) Henry County (37)  SpaldingCounty(198) Spalding County (198)
Jonesboro is the county seat for Clayton County
Atlanta is in Clayton County
      Clayton County (51)  
      DeKalb County (113)  
      Fayette County (14)  
      Fulton County (463)  
      Henry County (37)  
      Spalding County (198)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Georgia (Clayton County), Atlanta — 031-18 — Thames House
Res. of Wm. Thames (1796-1892) pioneer citizen of Clayton, formerly Henry, County; veteran of the War of 1812; owner of a saw & grist mill on Flint River; pastor of Tanner’s Church. Aug. 31, 1864. Troops of the Federal 23rd & 4th A. C., . . . Map (db m36727) HM
2Georgia (Clayton County), Atlanta — 031-7B — The Extended Line
The Federals, having lifted siege operations N. & W. of Atlanta Aug. 25, moved on the A. & W.P. R.R. below East Point & by the 29th began its destruction. In an effort to protect the M. & W. (Central of Ga.) R.R., Hardee’s A.C. [CS] hastily built & . . . Map (db m42137) HM
3Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-28 — 4th A.C. at Durand's Mill
July 19, 1864. In deployment of Federal forces approaching Atlanta, it became necessary to fill a gap between those on Peachtree Rd. at the creek & Schofield’s 23d A.C. on Pea Vine Cr. at the Paden plantation (Emory University). Sherman directed . . . Map (db m9764) HM
4Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-84 — Alpha Delta PiMemorial Headquarters
Alpha Delta Pi Sorority was founded May 15, 1851 at Wesleyan College in Macon, Georgia, as the first secret society in the world for college women, and thus became the mother of the social sorority system. Wesleyan College was the first educational . . . Map (db m28962) HM
5Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-49 — An Unexpected Clash
July 22, 1864. The attack by Walker's & Bate's divs. (Hardee's A.C.) (C.S) struck the two brigades Mersy's & Rices's, of Sweeny's 16th A.C. div. (U.S.) enroute to support the 17th in E. Atlanta. Walker's troops came up Sugar Cr. valley from the . . . Map (db m170210) HM
6Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-47 — Bate’s Battle Line
July 22, 1864. Gen. Bate's div., Hardee's A.C. (CS) was deployed on the rt. of Walker's div. when they advanced N. from Terry's Mill pond. Being on the extreme rt. of the corps, Bate's troops moved up the east side of Sugar Cr., valley and swung . . . Map (db m80157) HM
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7Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-53 — Bate's Div. at Terry's Mill Pond
July 22, 1864. Bate’s, together with Walker’s div., Hardee’s A.C., (CS) having moved up Sugar Cr. valley W. of Terry’s mill pond, were deployed in this area for a surprise attack on Federal troops posted N.W. of here on Flat Shoals Rd. While . . . Map (db m18822) HM
8Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-46 — Battle of Atlanta Began Here
July 22, 1864. Sweeny's 2nd. div., Dodge's 16th A.C. (US), having been held in reserve N. of the Ga. R.R. (Candler Park), was ordered to support the left wing of Blair's 17th Corps in East Atlanta. Marching via Clay Rd., Sweeny's column halted here . . . Map (db m8889) HM
9Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — Brookhaven Historic DistrictNational Register of Historic Places
Historic Brookhaven is the first planned golf club community in Georgia, having been built around the Capital City Country Club between 1910 and 1940.Map (db m14356) HM
10Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-64 — Cleburne Outflanked Left Wing, 17th A.C.
July 22, 1864. The left wing (Giles Smith’s div., 17th A.C.) of McPherson’s Army of the Tenn. (US) occupied an intrenched line on Flat Shoals Rd. between Leggett’s Hill & Glenwood, where it hooked eastward, facing to the south. Gen. P.R. . . . Map (db m9526) HM
11Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-62 — Cleburne's & Maney's Divs.
July 22, 1864. These troops, with Walker’s and Bate’s divs., Hardee’s A.C. (CS) made a 15-mi. night march from Atlanta to attack the rear of McPherson’s Army of the Tenn. (US) posted on Flat Shoals Road in East Atlanta. Cleburne’s & Maney’s move . . . Map (db m9575) HM
12Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-65 — Cleburne's Div. in the Federal Rear
July 22, 1864. Cleburne’s 3 brigades, (CS) after over-running the Federal left (at Glenwood), moved on the rear of its line facing W. on Flat Shoals Rd., at the same time Maney’s div. (CS) attached its front. Beset on both sides Giles Smith’s 17th . . . Map (db m9524) HM
13Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-29 — Closing the Gap
July 20, 1864. A critical factor in the alignment of Federal troops moving on Atlanta, from Peachtree Creek valley, was a wide gap between Peachtree Rd. (the left of Thomas’ forces) & Schofield’s 23d A.C. posted at the intersection of N. Decatur & . . . Map (db m9500) HM
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14Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-51 — Death of General Walker
July 22, 1864. Maj. Gen. W.H.T. Walker, commanding a div. of Hardee's A.C., (CS) while directing his troops toward the battlefield, reached a close proximity to this spot at noon where, pausing to reconnoiter the area, he was shot from his horse by . . . Map (db m170224) HM
15Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-45 — Death of McPherson
The monument in the enclosure was erected by U.S. Army Engineers to mark the site where Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson was killed during the Battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864. McPherson rode S. from the Ga. R.R. when he heard firing in Sugar Cr. . . . Map (db m8736) HM
16Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-5 — Dodge's 16th A.C. Camp on Nancy's Creek
July 17, 1864. The march of the corps S. from the road-fork at Providence Church (Dunwoody) was opposed by Col. Geo. G. Dibrell's brigade of Wheeler's cav. [CS]. After a sharp skirmish, the 9th Illinois Mounted Infantry drove Dibrell across the . . . Map (db m14307) HM
17Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-27 — Durand's Mill
Water-powered sawmill & factory operated in the 1860’s by Samuel A. Durand (1822-1891), later on by Frederick A. Williams (1817-1883), whose name long designated the old road leading S.W. and now known, in sections, as Briarcliff and Williams Mill . . . Map (db m9499) HM
18Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-69 — Fuller's Div. 16th A.C.
July 22, 1864. Gen. John Fuller's only brigade -- Morrill's, which was in reserve near Leggett's Hill, was deployed S.E. of here to meet the advance of Walker's div. (CS) up Sugar Cr. valley. While so engaged, Cleburne's 2 brigades -- Govan's & . . . Map (db m74719) HM
19Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-043 — Gresham's Division
July 20, 1864. Brig. Gen. Walter Q. Gresham's 4th div., leading the advance of the 17th A.C. (US) against Wheeler's Cav. (CS) & forcing it W. to Leggett's Hill, halted here at sundown. Leggett's 3d div. was brought forward & would have moved . . . Map (db m8732) HM
20Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-56 — Hardee at Road Fork
July 22, 1864. Hardee’s A.C. (4 divs.), (CS) moving N. to the battlefield, was divided into two columns at this road fork: Clebourne’s and Maney’s took the W. fork leading to E. Atlanta; Walker’s and Bate’s, the E. fork or Fayetteville Rd., as did . . . Map (db m170208) HM
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21Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-57 — Hardee at Wm. Cobb’s House
July 22, 1864. Hardee’s A.C., (CS) consisting of 4 divisions, enroute N. to the rear of Federal forces in E. Atlanta, halted here at dawn to procure guides for a wilderness march ahead. Hardee, his staff & general officers rode to Wm. Cobb’s house . . . Map (db m170207) HM
22Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-59 — Hardee’s March Turned N.E. on Fayetteville Road
July 21, 1864. These troops and Wheeler’s Cav. (CS) were sent from Atlanta on a 15-mile night march to gain the rear of McPherson’s Army of the Tenn. (US) in E. Atlanta. Hardee moved out of the city via McDonough Rd. (Capital Avenue) and here . . . Map (db m10234) HM
23Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — Historic Ground
This modern tv station, WAGA-TV stands in land lot 57 of the 18th District of the original Henry, now DeKalb County, near the south fork of Peachtree Creek, was erected in 1966. In July, 1864 the present Briarcliff Road was the route of the . . . Map (db m9766) HM
24Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-68 — Historic Ground --1864
In an area bound by Memorial Dr., Clifton, Glenwood & Moreland, was where the major part of the Battle of Atlanta was fought, July 22d. In terms of present landmarks, the battle began at Memorial Dr. & Clifton where Hardee's right wing (CS) was . . . Map (db m8737) HM
25Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — Ivy Street
On June 3, 2005, the central road of this campus was formally named “Ivy Street,” in honor of the hallowed tradition associated with the original Marist campus on Ivy Street in downtown Atlanta. With 32 boys and five . . . Map (db m14203) HM
26Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-67 — Leggett's Hill
July 22, 1864. Blair’s 17th A.C., McPherson’s Army of the Tenn. (US) was aligned S. of Logan’s 15th astride the Ga. R.R. Leggett’s div. of the 17th held the line from Logan’s left, to & including the hill. An extension S.E. on Flat Shoals Rd. to . . . Map (db m9521) HM
27Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-40 — Logan’s 15th A.C. Line
July 20, 1864. Maj. Gen. John A. Logan’s A.C. having camped at Decatur, moved toward Atlanta on this rd. M.L. Smith’s (2d) div. was in advance; Woods’ (1st) & Harrow’s (4th), in reserve. At this point, 2.75 mi. from center of Atlanta, Smith’s . . . Map (db m9765) HM
28Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-9 — Logan’s 15th Corps & Garrard’s Cavalry
July 18, 1864. Logan’s 15th A.C., Army of the Tennessee [US], having detoured from the old Shallow Ford Rd. at the Rainey plantation (4 mi. W.) moved to this point where it joined Garrard’s cav. which, via McAfee's bridge (Chattahoochee River) & . . . Map (db m33804) HM
29Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — Lophorhothon atopus“Crested Nose”
Lophorhothon atopus (Loh-FOUR-ah-thon ay-TOH-pus) “Crested Nose” Cretaceous Period (65- 144 million years ago) Southeastern United States This scene shows a family of Lophorhothon dinosaurs, as they may have . . . Map (db m113593) HM
30Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-63 — Maney's Div. in the Battle of Atlanta
Gen. George Maney, comdg. Cheatham’s old div. of Hardee’s A.C. (CS) at Peachtree Cr., July 20, led the div. July 22 in the Battle of Atlanta. Both Cleburne’s & Maney’s divs. advanced N.W. on Flat Shoals Road to attack the Federal 17th A.C. aligned . . . Map (db m10411) HM
31Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-44 — McPherson's Last Ride
July 22, 1864. When Gen. McPherson heard the firing to the S.E. while at lunchen (Whiteford Ave. at R.R.), he mounted his horse & sending away most of his staff on various missions, galloped south to this hill. Here he observed Dodge's 16th . . . Map (db m170211) HM
32Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-050 — Mersy’s Brigade
July 22, 1864. Col. August Mersy's brigade of Sweeny's div., 16th A.C. (US) was aligned on the rt. of the div. when it went into action to meet the assault of Walker's div. (CS) advancing up Sugar Creek valley (from Glenwood Ave.). The left of . . . Map (db m8731) HM
33Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-39 — Noon Under the Trees
July 22, 1864. Gen. McPerson & staff spent the forenoon in conference at Sherman's headquarters & inspecting Army of the Tenn. lines. Noon found them in an oak grove just S. of the R.R. where they were joined at luncheon by Logan & Blair, each with . . . Map (db m8892) HM
34Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-70 — Oglethorpe University
Chartered in 1835 by Georgia Presbyterians near Milledgeville, Oglethorpe University was the first denominational college established in the Deep South. It perished during the Civil War and was briefly revived from 1870 to 1872 in Atlanta. . . . Map (db m14291) HM
35Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-7 — Old Cross Keys
Ante-bellum crossroads settlement & Post Office; James Reeve (1792 - 1852) Post Master & merchant. Prior to 1864 the Post Office was removed to a point between Chamblee & Doraville where, name unchanged, it was known as Cross Keys Post Office. To . . . Map (db m14052) HM
36Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-41 — Restoring the Line
July 22, 1864. After Cheatham’s troops (CS) broke the Federal 15th A.C. line at the R.R. cut and the Hurt house (DeGress Ave.), Mersy’s 16th A.C. brigade was brought up from the battlefield 1 mile S. of the R.R. to assist in restoring it. . . . Map (db m9515) HM
37Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-11 — Site: Blake’s Mill
N. Fork Peachtree Creek. West of the road was the ante-bellum structure of a mill owned and operated by John Blake (1798-1854). July 18, 1864. Blair’s 17th A. C. of McPherson’s Army of the Tennessee (US Flag), enroute from Roswell to Decatur, . . . Map (db m61961) HM
38Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-58 — Site: Cobb’s Mill
On the E. side of Intrenchment Creek, just above the bridge, stood a grist mill operated by William Cobb, a DeKalb County pioneer. The mill was a notable landmark in the movement of Confederate forces to the field of the Battle of Atlanta, fought . . . Map (db m80156) HM
39Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-18 — Site: Henderson’s Mill
Some 300 ft N.W. stood the ante and post bellum grist mill owned and operated by Greenville Henderson (1792-1869) and his son Rufus (1823-1872). The flat, left and rt. of this road was the mill pond area; the mill was demolished, 1911. During . . . Map (db m29122) HM
40Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-12 — Solomon Goodwin’s Res.<------<<<<
The house on adjacent knoll, built 1831, by Solomon Goodwin (circa 1780-1850), oldest extant house in DeKalb County, was a landmark of Federal military operation in these environs during the summer of 1864. July 18. Hascall’s div., 23d A.C. having . . . Map (db m28588) HM
41Georgia (Dekalb County), Atlanta — 044-28 — Stanley & Wood March To Durand's Mill
July 19, 1864. When it became apparent that a wide gap existed in Federal troop deployment along Peachtree Cr. Between Peachtree Rd. & this, the old Williams Mill Rd., two divs. of Howard’s 4th A.C. were sent S.E. from Buckhead to this vicinity to . . . Map (db m9448) HM
42Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-037 — Sweeny's Division Encamped
July 21, 1864. Sweeny's div., Dodges 16th A.C. (US) was held in reserve some 24 hrs. in a line that crossed the S.W. area of Candler Park. These troops, of McPherson's Army of the Tenn., had moved from Decatur towards Atlanta the day before and . . . Map (db m13538) HM
43Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-38 — Sweeny's March South
July 22, 1864. Sweeny's 16th A.C. div., ordered to support the left of the Federal line in E. Atlanta, was shifted from its camp of the previous night, N. of the Georgia Railroad. It marched S. on the Clay Road (now Clay St). These troops had . . . Map (db m8735) HM
44Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-52 — Terry's Mill Pond
The flat area S. was the bed of Terry's mill pond - the impounded waters of Sugar Cr. Tom Terry (1823-1861) operated the grist mill that stood 800 yds. downstream. It was burned by Federal troops July 29, 1864 & was rebuilt and operated some years . . . Map (db m8730) HM
45Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 60-13 — The March to the Sea
On November 15, 1864, during the Civil War, U.S. forces under Gen. William T. Sherman set out from Atlanta on the March to the Sea, a military campaign designed to destroy the Confederacy's ability to wage war and break the will of its people to . . . Map (db m102926) HM
46Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-8 — The Rainey Plantation
July 18, 1864. The marching columns of the Army of the Tenn. (US), having diverged 5.5 mi. N.W., rejoined here when Dodge's 16th A.C. moved E. from Old Cross Keys to Rainey's. Blair's 17th A.C. moved 1.75 mi. S. on old Shallow Ford rd. & camped at . . . Map (db m9417) HM
47Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-10 — The Samuel House Plantation
The large brick residence built in 1857 by Samuel House (1798-1873) was a prominent landmark during military operations by Federal forces on the Atlanta front in July, 1864. Cox’s division of Schofield's 23rd A.C. reached this vicinity July 18; . . . Map (db m28587) HM
48Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — This Line of Breastworks
This line of breastworks is a remnant of the city fortifications occupied by Confederate forces during the Siege of Atlanta July 22, - August 25, 1864. The line, which completely encircled the city, aggregated 12 miles of rifle pits and forts . . . Map (db m10238) HM
49Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-42 — Wheeler Delays Blair
McPherson's Army of the Tenn. (US) seized Decatur July 19, 1864 & on the 20th moved towards Atlanta in two columns - the 15th & 16th A.C. via the Ga. R.R., the 17th by roads S. of it where Wheeler's Cav.,(CS) guarding the right of Atlanta's outer . . . Map (db m8894) HM
50Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-66 — Wheeler's Cav. Intrenched
July 20, 1864. Wheeler’s thin gray line of dismounted cavalry (CS) was the rt. Flank of Atlanta’s defenders. Forced W. from Clay St. in the afternoon by Blair’s 17th A.C., (US) Wheeler’s line ran S. from the Ga. R.R. to this hill. July 21. Before . . . Map (db m9516) HM
51Georgia (DeKalb County), Atlanta — 044-13 — Wm. Johnston's Mill
About 0.3 mile upstream N. Fork Peachtree Cr., is the site of a mill owned by Wm. Johnston (1789-1855), -a landmark of Federal military operations in the Summer of 1864. Schofield’s 23d A.C., having crossed the Chattahoochee River at Isom’s Ferry . . . Map (db m9438) HM
52Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — "Out in the Rain"(1913)
The City of Atlanta Office of Cemetery Commission purchased this fountain from J. L. Mott Iron Works as a cemetery improvement. T. G. Spearman ordered the statue and constructed a masonry pool, which was altered in 1984. The figural group was . . . Map (db m64800) HM
53Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — “Expelled Because of Color”
“Expelled Because of Color” is dedicated to the memory of the 33 Black state legislators who were elected, yet expelled from the Georgia House because of their color in 1868. The cinder block forms at the base of the sculpture symbolize the . . . Map (db m130191) HM
54Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — “The Storyteller”Frank Fleming, Sculptor
Local lore has recorded that in 1838 a hunter hung a deer’s head at about this location in front of Irby’s Tavern. The Henry Irby family owned 803 surrounding acres and the area was designated Irbyville on maps at that time. People started . . . Map (db m53409) HM
55Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 10 Park Place
. . . Map (db m187159) HM
56Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 1998 Shining Light AwardHonoring Zell Miller
1998 Shining Light Award Honoring Zell Miller Governor
(1991 - 1999) Lieutenant Governor (1975 - 1991) This Marine, Teacher and Author brought Hope . . . Map (db m95027) HM
57Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-27 — 20th A.C.; Pace's Fy. Rd.
July 18, 1864. Hooker’s Federal 20th Corps, occupied this sector between Howard’s 4th at Buckhead, on the left, & Palmer’s 14th, on the right, at Howell Mill Road. Williams’ & Geary’s divs. of the 20th, camped in this vicinity that night, while . . . Map (db m22889) HM
58Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-58 — 33d N.J. State Flag
July 20, 1864. To this high ground, 500 yds. in front of Geary’s div. (20th A.C.) [US] on Collier Rd., the 33d N.J. regt., Jones’ brigade, was sent to establish & support a battery position. The regiment had scarcely reached this hill when, in a . . . Map (db m16407) HM
59Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-19 — 4th A.C. at Buckhead
July 18, 1864. Left Wing, Army of the Cumberland [US], having moved from Power’s Fy., cast up a line of intrenchments covering roads leading E., S., & W. Contact was made with the 20th A. C. to the right (on W. Pace’s Fy. Rd.) & to the left with . . . Map (db m22297) HM
60Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — A Relaxing Atmosphere526 Auburn Avenue
Auburn Avenue was like a parade ground. Families and friends were constantly visiting back and forth. In the evenings, couples--such as Frank and Eula Kirk, who lived here for 40 years--relaxed in rocking chairs and wicker swings as they chatted . . . Map (db m73180) HM
61Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 60-3 — Academy of Medicine
Thirteen Atlanta physicians organized the Brotherhood of Physicians in 1854. After many location and name changes, the Brotherhood evolved in to the Fulton County Medical Society, which dedicated the Academy of Medicine as its headquarters here on . . . Map (db m9849) HM
62Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Alexander Hamilton Stephens1812 - 1883
Vice-President of the Confederacy, 1861-1865, died while Governor of Georgia on March 4, 1883 and was first buried in this vault. In 1884, he was reinterred at his home, “Liberty Hall”, at Crawfordville, Georgia. Though small in stature, “Little . . . Map (db m186563) WM
63Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Alfred Iverson, Jr.Brigadier General — Confederate States Army —
Born in Clinton, Jones County, Georgia February 14, 1829 Died Atlanta, Georgia March 31, 1911 He was the son of Alfred Iverson, Sr. United States Senator for Georgia and Caroline Goode Holt . . . Map (db m64825) HM WM
64Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Alice Dugged CaryEducator/Librarian/Social Activist
A native of Indiana, Alice Dugged had an impressive educational experience: Wilberforce University, the University of Chicago, Howard University, Clark College, and Morris Brown College. In 1885 she married Jefferson Cary and the couple moved to . . . Map (db m186424) HM
65Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 60-24 — Alonzo Herndon 1858-1927
Alonzo Herndon was born into slavery in Walton County, Georgia, in 1858. After moving to segregated Atlanta, Herndon opened several barbershops including the upscale Crystal Palace in 1902. In 1905, he purchased a small mutual aid association that . . . Map (db m185910) HM
66Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — An Appeal for Human RightsMarch 9, 1960
In March of 1960, students of the six colleges comprising the Atlanta University Center, having decided to challenge the scourge of segregation in public and private facilities of Atlanta, presented a manifesto entitled “An Appeal for Human . . . Map (db m185984) HM
67Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Ansley Park
has been placed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Est. 1904 • Listed 1979Map (db m187679) HM
68Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Apartment House509 Auburn Avenue
This apartment building represents the ups and downs of the Auburn Avenue neighborhood. As property owners started to move away in the 1950s, numerous dwellings gradually fell into disrepair. Since 1982 the National Park Service and various civic . . . Map (db m73421) HM
69Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 60-11 — Atlanta Student Movement
In February 1960, here at the site of Yates and Milton Drugstore, three students from Morehouse College - Lonnie King, Joseph Pierce, and Julian Bond-- began to rally students from Atlanta's other historically black institutions-- . . . Map (db m185906) HM
70Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Atlanta Student Movement Planned
On this site stood Yates and Milton Drug Store, the first African American Business of its kind in Atlanta. It was here that the Atlanta Student Movement was planned on February 4, 1960. Clark College Class of 1961 Dedicated during . . . Map (db m185924) HM
71Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 17 — Atlanta's "Main Street"Auburn Avenue — The Auburn Avenue Trail —
By 1920, Auburn Avenue had become the "Main Street" of Black Atlanta. Many prominent African Americans lived along or near this prosperous commercial avenue, where the city's leading Black enterprises and institutions could be found: real . . . Map (db m186002) HM
72Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Atlanta's First HospitalHistoric Site
The Sisters of Mercy founded Atlanta's first hospital on this site in 1880. Saint Joseph's Hospital occupied this location until 1978, when it moved to 5665 Peachtree-Dunwoody Road.Map (db m106785) HM
73Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-87 — Atlanta's Outer Line
Johnston’s army [CS] moved to this side of the river July 9-10, 1864. French’s div., Stewarts A.C. was posted astride the R.R. to guard the left bank pending Federal crossings up river. July 18. With the Federal advance S. to Peachtree Cr. Valley, . . . Map (db m16583) HM
74Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-104 — Attack from the West
July 22, 1864. Gen. George Maney’s div. (Hardee’s A.C.) (CS) attacked the front of Giles Smith’s div., 17th A.C. (US) posted on Flat Shoals Road (Leggett’s Hill to Glenwood), while Cleburne’s div. attacked it from the rear. This forced the . . . Map (db m10241) HM
75Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 12 — Auburn Avenue BranchAuburn Avenue
On this corner stood the Auburn Avenue Branch Carnegie Library for African-Americans, from 1923 to the 1950's. Alice Dugged Carey, the first principal of Morris Brown University (now College), along with Dr. W.E.B. DuBois and others led the fight . . . Map (db m186423) HM
76Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — F13 — Auburn Avenue Branch, Carnegie Library
On this corner stood the Auburn Avenue Branch Carnegie Library for African-Americans, from 1923 to the 1950s. Alic Dugged Carey, the first principal of Morris Brown University (now College), along with Dr. W.E.B. Dubois and others led the fight to . . . Map (db m127281) HM
77Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 7 — Auburn Avenue UnderpassAuburn Avenue
Pause and look up at this massive overpass: an entire block of Black-owned businesses were demolished to construct it. Buildings and businesses lost included Simmons Shoe Repair, Jordan Photography Studio, Star Cab Stand, Henray's Five and Dime, and . . . Map (db m186441) HM
78Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-79 — Augustus Hurt House
200 yds. N.E. stood the plantation residence of Augustus F. Hurt (1830-1921), built 1858 and razed by Federal forces, 1864; erroneously cited in Official Records as the Howard house. July 22, 1864. 4th & 23d A.C. troops, in line with Federal . . . Map (db m10276) HM
79Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-80 — Augustus Hurt Plantation
The outer Confederate defense line of Atlanta, located on E. slope of this hill, July 18, was evacuated the night of the 21st, 1864. July 22. The Federal 23d A.C., under Schofield, marching from the N.E. via Williams Mill Rd. intrenched a line W. & . . . Map (db m10275) HM
80Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — B. Mifflin Hood Brick Co.
has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m187203) HM
81Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 60-101 — Baker's Brigade
July 22, 1864. Baker's Alabama brigade (Col. J.H. Higley comdg.), Clayton's div., Cheatham's A.C., [CSA} was diverted N.E. in Clayton's attack on the 15th A.C. eastward, thus forming the extreme left of the line extending S. to Glenwood Ave. . . . Map (db m10105) HM
82Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Baltimore Block
Baltimore Block was built in 1885 by Jacob J. Rosenthal. Named for the developer’s home town, the rowhouses were Atlanta’s first apartment-type development and the first to be based on a long-term land lease. Each of the graciously appointed . . . Map (db m47622) HM
83Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-72 — Bate’s Division
The outer Atlanta defense line crossed Clear Cr. a short distance S.W. of Walker’s (or Jones’) Mill (just below the present R.R. bridge). July 20, 1864. The right of Bate’s division (rt. of Hardee’s corps) (CSA) rested on Clear Creek. From this . . . Map (db m17293) HM
84Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-65 — Battle at Moore’s Mill
July 19, 1864. Morgan’s brigade (Davis’ div.), 14th A.C., was posted on the rt. of Dilworth’s brigade to support his crossing of Peachtree Creek at junction with Green Bone Cr. Morgan faced destructive fire from Confederate forces on the high bluff . . . Map (db m35687) HM
85Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-142 — Battle Hill
The name "Battle Hill" is associated with the area because of an engagement fought here on July 28, 1864. This was the 3d attempt of the Confederate forces under General John B. Hood to repel the 3 Federal armies, commanded by General Sherman, . . . Map (db m51402) HM
86Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-148 — Battle of Ezra Ch.Gen. S. D. Lee’s Corps
July 26, 1864. Brown’s & Clayton’s divs., Lee’s Corps [CS] led off the attack on the 15th corps [US] posted some 400 yds. N. of this rd. Brown’s brigades: Johnston’s, Sharp’s & Brantly’s, were deployed W. of the cemetery Gate House ~ Manigault’s . . . Map (db m36096) HM
87Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-149B — Battle of Ezra Ch.Gen. J. C. Brown’s Div.
July 28, 1864. The 4 brigades of Brown’s Div., S. D. Lee’s A. C. [CS], deployed in this area, made the initial assaults on the Federal right flank posted on the ridge just N. E. Their combined attacks struck Lightburn's & Martin’s brigades of Morgan . . . Map (db m36095) HM
88Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-151 — Battle of Ezra Ch.Right of 15th Corps
July 28, 1864. This marks the extreme right of Howard’s Army of the Tennessee during the Battle of Ezra Church. Lightburn’s brigade of M. L. Smith’s div., Logan’s A. C., occupied the immediate sector. From here the line ran S. E. to a salient angle . . . Map (db m53579) HM
89Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-146 — Battle of Ezra ChurchGen. Stewart Wounded
July 28, 1864. Gen. A.P. Stewart, with Walthall’s and Long’s divisions of his A.C. [CS], reached the field in time to renew the attack. Walthall, on left, fared no better than Brown, in the same area. Stewart, riding forward to this hill, . . . Map (db m50868) HM
90Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 35 — Battle of Ezra Church Hood's Third Attack — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
After General John Bell Hood took command of the the army defending Atlanta he directed three Confederate failed attacks against Union Major General William T. Sherman's armies. On July 28, 1864, Union Major General Oliver O. Howard's "Army of the . . . Map (db m142514) HM
91Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 25 — Battle of Peach Tree CreekLoring's Attack — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
At 4:30 p.m. on July 20, 1864, 2,700 Confederate soldiers in two brigades of Major General William W Loring's division attacked the Federal '20th Corps, aligned north of Collier Road. "The enemy was in plain view about 700 yards distant occupying . . . Map (db m142521) HM
92Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-159 — Battle of Utoy Creek
Federal siege operations not only involved the encircling line of Atlanta's defenses, but threatened the 2 railroads S.W. of the city. Pursuant thereto, Federal forces after the Battle of Ezra Church were shifted S., only to be confronted by a line . . . Map (db m71443) HM
93Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 37 — Battle of Utoy Creek"paying dearly for their courage and temerity" — Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail —
By late July 1864 three major battles...Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta and Ezra Church...had weakened but not defeated the Confederate army defending Atlanta. By that time Union Major General William T. Sherman had begun inching his troops southwest . . . Map (db m185975) HM
94Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Battlefield of Ezra ChurchJuly 28, 1864
From this point extending three-fourths mile eastward the Confederate troops of Brig. Gen. John C. Brown's & Maj. Gen. Henry D. Clayton's Divisions (seven brigades) of Lieut. Gen. Stephen D. Lee's Corps, formed in line of battle. From this . . . Map (db m87193) HM
95Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-31 — Battlefield of Peachtree Creek
Lt. Gen. John B. Hood, on taking command of the Army of Tennessee [CS], July 18, 1864, began aggressive action against the Federal approach to Atlanta from upper Chattahoochee crossings. July 20. Hood’s 1st move was to attack Thomas’ Army of the . . . Map (db m14415) HM
96Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-103 — Benton’s & Coltart’s Brigades
July 22, 1864. When Brown’s (formerly Hindman’s) div., Cheatham’s A.C. (CS) attacked the Fed. Line E. of here, Benton’s Mississippi & Coltart’s Alabama brigades struck Harrow’s div. of the 15th A.C. (US), dislodging Williams’ & Oliver’s brigades. . . . Map (db m10472) HM
97Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-22 — Between the Peachtree Cr. Forks
July 19, 1864. The march of Stanley’s div. (4th AC.) on the Old Cheshire Bridge Rd from Buckhead was delayed by the burning bridge at N. Fork, Peachtree Cr. Opposition by Confederate cavalry had marked the progress of the 4th AC. from the . . . Map (db m22224) HM
98Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Big Bethel A.M.E. Church220 Auburn Avenue — Martin Luther King, Jr., National Historic Site —
Big Bethel served as Sweet Auburn's City Hall, the site of mass meetings to improve the lives of Atlanta's blacks in the first half of the 20th century. The church established the Gate City Colored School, the first public school for black students . . . Map (db m186416) HM
99Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 6 — Big Bethel A.M.E. ChurchAuburn Avenue
The churches of Auburn Avenue — especially Big Bethel A.M.E., Wheat Street Baptist and Ebenezer Baptist — have played a dual role: they are places of worship, and they are centers of political, economic and social activity. Founded during the . . . Map (db m186415) HM
100Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Birth Home of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Built 1895. Purchased 1909 by Dr. King's maternal grandfather, Dr. A. D. Williams. Birthplace of Dr. King 1929. Acquired with assistance of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority 1974. Designated as part of the National Historic Site 1980. Dedicated as part of . . . Map (db m73422) HM

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Dec. 2, 2022