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Historical Markers in Aztalan, Wisconsin

 
Clickable Map of Jefferson County, Wisconsin and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Jefferson County, WI (48) Dane County, WI (443) Dodge County, WI (25) Rock County, WI (35) Walworth County, WI (21) Waukesha County, WI (121)  JeffersonCounty(48) Jefferson County (48)  DaneCounty(443) Dane County (443)  DodgeCounty(25) Dodge County (25)  RockCounty(35) Rock County (35)  WalworthCounty(21) Walworth County (21)  WaukeshaCounty(121) Waukesha County (121)
Jefferson is the county seat for Jefferson County
Aztalan is in Jefferson County
      Jefferson County (48)  
ADJACENT TO JEFFERSON COUNTY
      Dane County (443)  
      Dodge County (25)  
      Rock County (35)  
      Walworth County (21)  
      Waukesha County (121)  
 
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1Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Agriculture and Gathering — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Agriculture is a hallmark of Mississippian food production. The people of Aztalan grew corn, squash and other domesticated plants. These plants were not native to the area, but were introduced by Indian peoples over the millennia (squash as early as . . . Map (db m176720) HM
2Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Anne Pickett
The first dairy co-op in Wisconsin founded in Jefferson County 1841-1845 by Anne Pickett (1804-1884) a resident of the Aztalan-Lake Mills area in her log house kitchen from milk obtained from a 20 cow herd plus 10 rented cows on a contract calling . . . Map (db m176788) HM
3Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Appearance and Manner of Dress — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Based on European explorers' descriptions, contemporary artists, along with archaeologists and others, have depicted a variety of clothing types worn by Mississippian peoples living throughout the southeastern part of the continent. The clothing . . . Map (db m176679) HM
4Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Conical Mounds — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Typically associated with burials, conical (circular shaped) mounds are the most common and earliest of Midwestern mound types, first occurring early in the Woodland Period (ca. 500 B.C. - A.D. 1350). However, several of the conical mounds located . . . Map (db m176718) HM
5Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — House Structures — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Houses at Aztalan include examples of building styles typical of both Late Woodland and Mississippian construction techniques. Late Woodland structures tend to have circular floor plans with wall posts set into individual post holes, and were . . . Map (db m176719) HM
6Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Leisure Activities — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Prehistoric Indian communities engaged in a variety of leisure activities, like the games of "ring and pin" and lacrosse, which are well-known and still played today. While evidence of recreational activities at archaeological sites is often . . . Map (db m176677) HM
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7Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Occupation and Abandonment — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Stone tools indicate that Aztalan was occupied off and on for at least 10,000 years. A substantial Late Woodland village occupied this location for many years before the arrival of Mississippian people who built and inhabited Aztalan from about 1100 . . . Map (db m176681) HM
8Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Other Artifacts — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
While pottery and stone tools are the most common and durable artifacts found at Aztalan, other items were crafted of animal bone, shell, and copper. Shell was fashioned into spoons, pendants, and beads, and native copper was used to make fishhooks, . . . Map (db m176671) HM
9Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Pioneer Aztalan
Pioneer Aztalan was settled in 1836 by Thomas Brayton and others at the junction of the Milwaukee-Mineral Point and Janesville-Fond du Lac territorial roads. By 1837 Aztalan had Jefferson County's first post office and by 1842 was its leading . . . Map (db m37023) HM
10Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Platform Mounds — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Platform mounds (also called "pyramidal" or "flat-top" mounds) were typically built to support buildings. These buildings were religious or other specialized structures or homes for the elite members of Mississippian society. Platform mounds were . . . Map (db m176717) HM
11Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Prehistoric Pottery — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Pottery sherds (pieces) are one of the most commonly recovered artifacts found at Aztalan. Pottery analysis is an important research tool. Understanding how prehistoric people made and used pottery provides important clues about their daily lives. . . . Map (db m176675) HM
12Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Site Map of the Prehistoric Village of Aztalan — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
The people who built and occupied the prehistoric village of Aztalan (ca. A.D. 1100 - 1250) replicated major features found at the much larger Middle Mississippian site of Cahokia near modern day St. Louis. An outer stockade with bastions . . . Map (db m176659) HM
13Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Social Organization — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Specialized crafts, extensive trade networks, and construction of large structures (stockades and mounds) demonstrates a high degree of social organization and complexity. Aztalan's layout, with communal structures atop the Northeast and Southwest . . . Map (db m176680) HM
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14Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Stone Tools — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Tools made of stone, as well as the by-products of making stone tools, are the longest lasting and most common artifact types archaeologists encounter. Tool production was a specialized craft by this time and Mississippian stoneworkers created . . . Map (db m176667) HM
15Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — The Cahokia Connection — Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Mississippian people settled over much of eastern North America during the Late Prehistoric period. The people who built and occupied Aztalan (ca. A.D. 1100 - 1250) replicated major features found at the principal Mississippian site and ceremonial . . . Map (db m176662) HM
16Wisconsin (Jefferson County), Aztalan — Welcome to Aztalan National Historic Landmark
Indian peoples occupied this area off and on for many years before a new group of Indian people arrived who built the large mounds and other prehistoric features that now characterize Aztalan, a federally-designated National Historic Landmark. The . . . Map (db m176657) HM
 
 
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Dec. 10, 2022