“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
123 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed. The final 23 ⊳

Historical Markers and War Memorials in Birmingham, Alabama

Clickable Map of Jefferson County, Alabama and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Jefferson County, AL (205) Bibb County, AL (13) Blount County, AL (19) Shelby County, AL (47) St. Clair County, AL (18) Tuscaloosa County, AL (116) Walker County, AL (9)  JeffersonCounty(205) Jefferson County (205)  BibbCounty(13) Bibb County (13)  BlountCounty(19) Blount County (19)  ShelbyCounty(47) Shelby County (47)  St.ClairCounty(18) St. Clair County (18)  TuscaloosaCounty(116) Tuscaloosa County (116)  WalkerCounty(9) Walker County (9)
Location of Birmingham, Alabama
    Jefferson County (205)
    Bibb County (13)
    Blount County (19)
    Shelby County (47)
    St. Clair County (18)
    Tuscaloosa County (116)
    Walker County (9)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — "Lest We Forget"Avondale World War II Memorial
Near 5th Avenue South at 41st Street South.
Dedicated to the sacred memory of the Avondale Boys of World War II who made the Supreme Sacrifice for Liberty and Humanity. Thomas Nelson • Albert W. Moore • James A. Williams • John L. Warner • Wayne Daily • Chester Smith • . . . — Map (db m55950) WM
2Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — "Peace Be Still"Mark 4:39
Near 17th Street N.
On Palm Sunday, 1963 Rev. N. H. Smith, Rev. John T. Porter and Rev. A. D. King led a sympathy march from St. Paul United Methodist Church down 6th Avenue North in support of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth and Rev. Ralph . . . — Map (db m73023) HM
3Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — 1963 Church Bombing Victims
Near Messer Airport Highway at University Avenue, on the right when traveling north.
This cemetery is the final resting place of three of the four young girls killed in the September 15, 1963 church bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church. Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley and Carol Robertson are buried here. The fourth victim, . . . — Map (db m61197) HM
4Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — 4th Avenue District
On 4th Avenue North at 17th Street North, on the right when traveling west on 4th Avenue North.
The Fourth Avenue "Strip" thrived during a time when downtown privileges for blacks were limited. Although blacks could shop at some white-owned stores, they did not share the same privileges and services as white customers, so they created tailor . . . — Map (db m26985) HM
5Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — A New CityBuilding early Birmingham
Near Valley View Drive west of Richard Arrington Jr Boulevard South.
The arrival of two railroad lines in Jones Valley opened nearby deposits of iron ore, limestone, and coal to commercial development and helped make Birmingham one of the great industrial cities of the post Civil War South. In 1871, the year of . . . — Map (db m69018) HM
6Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — A.B. Loveman House
On Rhodes Circle, on the right when traveling west.
The house was built c. 1908 for Adolph B. Loveman, a Hungarian immigrant who in 1887 founded the dry goods business that evolved into one of Birmingham’s signature retail establishments, Loveman, Joseph & Loeb. Its English-style neighbor to the . . . — Map (db m83800) HM
7Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Alabama Veterans MemorialLiberty Park
On Liberty Parkway.
            Pearl Harbor               May 31, 1941 Dear Friend, I hope all is well with you. I am doing well but due to the present state of emergency the Pacific Fleet is held in a place known as Hawaiian Territory. Would you do me a . . . — Map (db m27409) HM
8Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Arthur D. Shores"Dean of Black Lawyers in The State of Alabama."
On 5th Avenue North, on the right when traveling east.
During the first 30 years of his 54-year-old practice, Attorney Shores practiced all over the State of Alabama - from the Tennessee line to the Gulf of Mexico at Mobile Bay, and from the Mississippi borders to the Georgia limits. During the period . . . — Map (db m26720) HM
9Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Before Birmingham: Jones Valley
Near Valley View Drive west of Richard Arrington Jr Boulevard South.
Red Mountain, where you are standing, and Jones Valley, which stretches before you, were sites of human activity long before Birmingham's founding in 1871. Native American presence Recorded history and archaeological evidence indicate the . . . — Map (db m83805) HM
10Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Belview Heights Neighborhood
The Corey Land Company, a group of prominent local businessmen headed by Robert Jemison, Jr., developed Belview Heights as a neighborhood for the professional employees of U.S. Steel in the 1910's. Extending the grid system being used in Ensley over . . . — Map (db m24351) HM
11Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Birmingham - Southern College
On Arkadelphia Road, on the right when traveling south.
. . . — Map (db m37711) HM
12Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Birmingham District Minerals
Near Valley View Drive west of Richard Arrington Jr Boulevard South.
The availability of seemingly limitless mineral resources was the key to the success of the Birmingham District, an area defined by geologic deposits that span five counties (Jefferson, Shelby, Tuscaloosa, Walker and Bibb). Some of the minerals . . . — Map (db m69026) HM
13Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Birmingham Water Works Company (1887) / Cahaba Pumping Station (1890)
On Cahaba Heights Road at Sicard Hollow Road and Blue Lake Drive, on the right when traveling north on Cahaba Heights Road.
Side A The Elyton Land Company, which had founded the city of Birmingham in 1871, established a subsidiary, the Birmingham Water Works Company in 1887. Dr. Henry M. Caldwell, President of the Elyton Land Company, contracted with Judge A. O. . . . — Map (db m83806) HM
14Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — BoilersSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
Near 32nd Street North at 2nd Avenue North.
The Process The boiler was the source of power for most of Sloss. The boilers burned blast furnace gas to provide the heat necessary for converting water into steam. The steam produced here powered the blowing engines and turbo-blowers, the . . . — Map (db m43728) HM
15Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Brock Drugs Building
Near 4th Avenue North at 18th Street North.
The Brock building was established in 1915, located at the intersection of Fourth Avenue and 18th Street North, was built while the area was residential. The three-story building housed a hotel upstairs that catered to professional musicians and . . . — Map (db m26723) HM
16Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Building The ParkVisiting the Park — Restoring Vulcan Park —
Near Valley View Drive west of Richard Arrington Jr Boulevard South.
Side 1 - Building the Park In the mid-1930’s, civic leaders worked to move Vulcan to a place of honor on Red Mountain. The park was built through the combined efforts of several groups: the Kiwanis Club of Birmingham, the Birmingham Parks . . . — Map (db m83807) HM
17Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Carrie A. Tuggle1858 - 1924
On 5th Avenue North at 16th Street North, on the left when traveling east on 5th Avenue North.
In Tribute to Carrie A. Tuggle 1858 - 1924 Scholar, Teacher and Christian. A life of unselfish service to the troubled and the homeless black boys and girls. In 1903, she founded a school and orphanage, the Tuggle . . . — Map (db m27391) HM
18Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Casting PigsSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
Near 32nd Street North at 2nd Avenue North, on the left when traveling north.
The Process The technology of casting molten iron into bars called pigs changed dramatically over the years. Prior to 1931 casting at Sloss took place inside the cast shed. Men cut molds into the sand floor of the shed, allowing the . . . — Map (db m69083) HM
19Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — CDR "Snuffy" SmithNavy Light Attack Aircraft A-7 Corsair II
On 73rd Street North.
(First Plaque): Navy pilots typically had their names painted on the side and just below the cockpit of one of the squadron aircraft. Most also had "Call Signs," some of which became the nickname of the pilot. On the display aircraft this . . . — Map (db m83808) HM
20Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Civil Rights Freedom RidersMay 14, 1961
On 19th Street North at 4th Avenue North, on the right when traveling north on 19th Street North.
On Mother's Day, May 14, 1961, a group of black and white CORE youth on a "Freedom Ride" from Washington, D.C. to New Orleans arrived by bus at the Birmingham Greyhound terminal. They were riding through the deep south to test a court case, "Boynton . . . — Map (db m83809) HM
21Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Clark Building
On 20th Street North.
This building was constructed in 1908 by Louis V. Clark (1862-1934), who also built the historic Lyric Theater located nearby on 18th Street. The Clark Theater on Caldwell Park is named in honor of Mr. Clark’s generosity to the Birmingham Little . . . — Map (db m27515) HM
22Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Concord CenterTime Capsule
Near 3rd Avenue North near Richard Arrington Jr, Blvd North.
To Be Opened March 1, 2022 Dedicated at the construction completion March 1, 2002 Project Team Owners - BLH Group, LLC Brookmont Investors II, LLC Spire Holdings, LLC Developer - Brookmont Realty Group, LLC General . . . — Map (db m27010) HM
23Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Designing Vulcan Park
Vulcan Park isn’t just Vulcan’s home; it’s also a public park. The original project, funded by the WPA (Works Progress Administration) aimed for “general beautification of the entire acreage” to create” an ideal spot for untold . . . — Map (db m69015) HM
24Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Dewberry Drugs and Phenix Insurance Company Buildings
On Richard Arrington Jr. Boulevard North at 2nd Avenue North, on the left when traveling north on Richard Arrington Jr. Boulevard North.
The two commercial buildings on this corner lot are some of the earliest surviving business houses in Birmingham. The Dewberry building appeared on the corner about 1881, and it housed the first and longest surviving drug store in the city, starting . . . — Map (db m36740) HM
25Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Disabled American Veterans
Near 2nd Avenue North near 3rd Street North.
(Side 1) Disabled American Veterans Formed December 25, 1920. Birmingham Chapter No. 4 Chartered January 25, 1926. This Memorial Dedicated To Our Military Forces And To All Who Have Given Their Blood And Lives That The Republic Might Live . . . — Map (db m24347) WM
26Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Donnelly House
On Highland Avenue South, on the right when traveling west.
This neoclassical structure was built in 1905 for James W. Donnelly, "the father of the Birmingham Library System." Donnelly moved to Birmingham from his native Cincinnati, Ohio after retiring from Proctor and Gamble. A much respected . . . — Map (db m26740) HM
27Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Don't Tread on Me
On 6th Avenue N.
Leaders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) learned they could apply economic pressure to White businesses with more effective results than moral persuasion alone. Therefore, the central strategy of the Birmingham Campaign . . . — Map (db m73037) HM
28Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Don't Tread on Me
On 6th Avenue N.
1963 A female protestor remains defiant as police drag her away from a demonstration in Birmingham's nearby retail district. Activists in Birmingham--led for seven years by Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth before the 1963 Birmingham Campaign--put their . . . — Map (db m83814) HM
29Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
On 6th Avenue N at 16th Street on 6th Avenue N.
Born Jan. 15, 1929 Assassinated Apr. 4. 1968 "...yes, if you want to say that I was a drum major, say that I was a drum major for justice; say that I was a drum major for peace..." His dream liberated Birmingham from itself and began a . . . — Map (db m73007) HM
30Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — 8 — Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Near 16th Street N.
Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth invited Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. to Birmingham in 1962. Shuttlesworth saw potential in the young minister, and their combined efforts were instrumental in Birmingham's desegregation. The campaign catapulted King into the . . . — Map (db m73031) HM
31Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Dr. Ruth J. Jackson1898 - 1982
Near 5th Avenue North at 16th Street North, on the left when traveling east.
Dedicated to Dr. Ruth J. Jackson 1898-1982 This woman of strength and vision graduated from the Poro School of Cosmetology, the first black registered school in the State of Alabama. At the vanguard of the Civil Rights Movement, she was . . . — Map (db m27090) HM
32Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Duncan House
Near 32nd Street North at 2nd Avenue North, on the left when traveling north.
The Duncan House was build in 1906 as a home place for James and Lelia Duncan and their eight children in what is now Tarrant City, Alabama. Duncan worked throughout his life in the nearby shops and yards of the L&N Railroad (know CSXI) as water . . . — Map (db m86613) HM
33Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — East Birmingham
Near 12th Avenue at Cahaba Street, on the left when traveling east.
Marker Front: Founded in 1886 on 600 acres of land, East Birmingham was the agricultural area consisting primarily of dairy farms extending to the present Birmingham airport. The East Birmingham Land Company that developed the area was . . . — Map (db m83827) HM
34Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — East Lake Community
On 1st Avenue North (U.S. 11), on the right when traveling north.
The Creek Indian Cession of 1814 opened this section of Alabama to settlement. At the time of statehood in 1819 many pioneer families had located here in what later became known as Jones Valley. By 1820 the area was called Ruhama Valley as a result . . . — Map (db m26680) HM
35Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — East Lake Park
Near 1st Avenue North (U.S. 11) south of 83rd Street North.
East Lake was planned in 1886 by the East Lake Land Company to help sell home sites to the men who came in the 1870's to work in Birmingham's steel industry. First named Lake Como, after the lake in the Italian Alps, it soon came to be called East . . . — Map (db m83828) HM
36Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Eddie James KendrickDecember 17, 1937 - October 5, 1992
On 4th Avenue North at 18th Street North, on the left when traveling west on 4th Avenue North.
Eddie James Kendrick, nicknamed "cornbread", was born the eldest of five children to Johnny and Lee Bell Kendrick in Union Springs, Alabama. After attending Western-Olin High School in Ensley, Alabama, Eddie was persuaded by his childhood . . . — Map (db m26724) HM
37Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Emory Overton Jackson1908 - 1975
On 17th Street North, on the right when traveling south.
Emory Overton Jackson was born on September 8, 1908 in Buena Vista, Georgia to Will Burt and Lovie Jones Jackson. E. O. Jackson and his seven siblings were raised in the middle-class Birmingham enclave of Enon Ridge, located on the west side of town . . . — Map (db m64736) HM
38Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Five Points South
On 20th Street South at 11th Avenue South, on the right when traveling north on 20th Street South.
This neighborhood developed in the 1880s as one of Birmingham's first streetcar suburbs. It was the Town of Highlands from 1887 to 1893, when it became part of the City of Birmingham. The heart of the neighborhood was Five Points Circle, a major . . . — Map (db m83829) HM
39Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Foot Soldier TributeRonald S. McDowell, Artist I.B.J.C.
Near 5th Avenue North at 16th Street North, on the right when traveling east.
This sculpture is dedicated to the Foot Soldiers of the Birmingham Civil Rights Movement. With gallantry, courage and great bravery they faced the violence of attack dogs, high powered water hoses, and bombings. They were the fodder in the . . . — Map (db m27394) HM
40Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Forest Park
On Essex Road South at Clairmont Avenue South, on the left when traveling north on Essex Road South.
A residential district extending from the crest of Red Mountain to the floor of Jones Valley with roads built along natural land contours. Birmingham real estate promoter and civic leader, Robert Jemison, Jr., began development as Mountain Terrace . . . — Map (db m26983) HM
41Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Forrest Camp No. 1435
On 60th Street North, in the median.
We salute the Confederate soldier with affection, reverence, and undying devotion to the cause for which he fought. — Map (db m12240) HM
42Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Fourth Avenue Historic District.
On 4th Avenue North at 17th Street North, on the right when traveling west on 4th Avenue North.
Marker front: Prior to 1900 a "black business district" did not exist in Birmingham. In a pattern characteristic of Southern cities found during Reconstruction, black businesses developed alongside those of whites in many sections of the . . . — Map (db m83830) HM
43Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Fraternal Hotel Building
On 4th Avenue North west of 17th Street North, on the right when traveling west.
The Fraternal Hotel Building was built in 1925. Some of the businesses that were located in this building included: 1925 - 1980 Fraternal Hotel 1925 - 1970 Fraternal Café 1950 - 1966 Monroe Steak House 1985 - 1994 Grand Lodge Knights of . . . — Map (db m27518) HM
44Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Frisco No. 4018
On 32nd Street North, on the left when traveling north.
"No. 4018 made its last run from Bessemer, Alabama to Birmingham, Alabama on February 29, 1952 and was given by the railway to the City of Birmingham on May 29, 1952." — Map (db m134921) HM
45Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Glen Iris Park
On 16th Avenue South at Glen Iris Park, on the right when traveling east on 16th Avenue South.
Founded in 1898 by Robert Jemison, this 30-acre historic district is a private residential park containing an almost intact collection of some of Birmingham's finest 20th century houses. It was the first professionally landscaped residential . . . — Map (db m27520) HM
46Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Graymont Elementary School
On 8th Avenue West at 3rd Street West, on the right when traveling west on 8th Avenue West.
On September 4, 1963, Graymont Elementary School was the first public school in Birmingham to be racially integrated. Two brothers, nine and eleven years old, accompanied by their father, James Armstrong, along with Reverend Fred . . . — Map (db m153229) HM
47Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Green Acres Café1705 - 4th Avenue, North
On 4th Avenue North, on the left when traveling west.
Businesses that occupied this building between 1908 - 1970 1908 - 1913 Southern Bell Telephone Company Stockroom 1915 - 1926 OK French Dry Cleaning Company 1927 - 1938 George Kanelis Billiards 1940 - 1945 Alex’s Steak House 1946 - . . . — Map (db m27521) HM
48Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — 1 — Ground Zero
Near 17th Street N at 5th Avenue N.
You are standing at Ground Zero of the 1963 civil rights struggle in Birmingham. When African-American leaders and citizens resolved to fight the oppression of a strictly segregated society, they were met with vitriol and violence despite their own . . . — Map (db m73015) HM
49Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — History of the 117th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing
Near East Lake Boulevard at 57th Street North, on the right when traveling east.
January 1922 Federal Recognition 135th Observation Squadron May 1923 Redesignated 114th Observation Squadron January 1924 Redesignated 106th Observation Squadron October 1943 Redesignated 100th Bombardment Squadron November 1946 . . . — Map (db m27388) HM
50Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Howard College(Now Samford University)
On 2nd Avenue South, on the right when traveling north.
Founded in 1841 at Marion in Perry County by Alabama Baptists, Howard College was named for British prison reformer John Howard. The liberal arts college moved to this site in 1887 and relocated to its present campus in Homewood, Alabama in . . . — Map (db m26693) HM
51Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Independent Presbyterian ChurchFounded 1915
On Highland Avenue South at 31st Street South, on the right when traveling west on Highland Avenue South.
The church was founded when the Rev. Henry M. Edmonds and many members of a Southern Presbyterian congregation withdrew from the local Presbytery. During the first seven years it met in Temple Emanu-El synagogue and held evening services in the . . . — Map (db m27093) HM
52Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — IndustryIron and steeel manufacturing
Near Valley View Drive west of Richard Arrington Jr Boulevard South.
Heavy industry, the reason for Birmingham’s founding, is still an economic force here today. Foundries and pipe plants dot the landscape, the railroad runs through the city’s center, and steam rises periodically in the distance from the quenching of . . . — Map (db m69019) HM
53Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — IronmakingSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
Near 32nd Street North at 2nd Avenue North.
The Industry That Built A City The minerals needed to make iron-iron ore, coal, and limestone-are abundant in the Birmingham area, and for ninety years men turned these materials into pig iron at Sloss. Sloss pig iron was sold to foundries, . . . — Map (db m43973) HM
54Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Jefferson County Courthouse Site
On Richard Arrington, Jr. Blvd North north of 3rd Avenue North.
The county seat of Jefferson County was moved from Elyton to Birmingham in 1873. On this site stood the first Courthouse in the City of Birmingham. The Italianate style structure was designed by architect W. K. Ball. Completed in 1875, the . . . — Map (db m27095) HM
55Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Jefferson County Courthouses
Near Richard Arrington Jr. Blvd. North.
Territorial legislature designated home of Maj. Moses Kelly (in Jones Valley) as site of first court in this area of Alabama, 1818. After creation of Jefferson County, 1819, court held at Carrollsville (Powderly) until county seat established . . . — Map (db m25743) HM
56Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — A1 — Jim Crow on the Books
On 6th Avenue N.
The first march to City Hall was organized in 1955 by Rev. Fred L. Shuttlesworth when he petitioned the city to hire Negro policemen. By 1963, thousands of Blacks marched on City Hall to protest Jim Crow laws that were a constant reminder of Blacks' . . . — Map (db m73036) HM
57Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Jordan Home2834 Highland Avenue
On Highland Avenue South, on the right when traveling west.
Dr. Mortimer Harvie Jordan and his wife, Florence E. Mudd, constructed their home between 1906 and 1908. After service in the Confederate army, Jordan studied medicine in Cincinnati and New York (under Alabama's famous gynecologist, Dr. J. Marion . . . — Map (db m26743) HM
58Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Julius Ellsberry
Near 16th Street North north of 5th Avenue.
In dedication to Julius Ellsberry, the first Black Alabama man to die in World War II; born Birmingham, Ala, 1922. Enlisted in the U.S. Navy, 1940; First Class Mate [sic] Attendant aboard battleship Oklahoma in the Battle of Pearl . . . — Map (db m63761) HM WM
59Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Julius Ellsberry Memorial Park
On Finley Avenue North 1 mile east of 13th Place North, on the right when traveling east.
In honor of Julius Ellsberry of Birmingham World War II Hero First Jefferson County Citizen to die for his country at Pearl Harbor while serving aboard the U.S.S. Oklahoma December 7, 1941 — Map (db m70261) HM
60Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — King's Spring
Near 5th Avenue South at 41st Street South.
Avondale Park, dedicated in 1886, is one of Birmingham's earliest parks. The park site was chosen because of its natural spring, which was a popular attraction with the local people, as well as a favorite stopping point for weary travelers along . . . — Map (db m55951) HM
61Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — 6 — Kneeling Ministers
Near 17th Street N.
Responsible for much planning and leadership, the clergy played a central role in the Birmingham Campaign--like the famous Palm Sunday incident in 1963 (see nearby plaque). Local clergy like Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth worked with out-of-town ministers, . . . — Map (db m73080) HM
62Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Lane Park
On Cahaba Road at Park Lane, on the right when traveling north on Cahaba Road.
In 1822 William Pullen, Revolutionary War veteran, acquired this land from the Federal Government for farming. In 1889 his heirs sold the land to the City of Birmingham for use as the New Southside Cemetery which operated from 1889 to 1909 with . . . — Map (db m27096) HM
63Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Mineral Railroad Trestle
Near Valley View Drive west of Richard Arrington Jr Boulevard South.
The railroad trestle support wall across the road is a remnant of L&N's 156-mile Mineral Railroad, the backbone of the local iron industry. This segment ran along the north edge of Vulcan Park on its route around the Birmingham District, linking . . . — Map (db m83831) HM
64Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Morris Avenue Historic District / Elyton Land Company (Successor, Birmingham Realty Co.)
On Morris Avenue, on the right when traveling east on Morris Avenue.
Created 1972 by the Jefferson County Historical Commission, the district is based on this avenue. Morris Avenue was named for one of the founders of Birmingham, Josiah Morris, who paid $100,000 for 4,157 acres of the original site of the city in . . . — Map (db m27156) HM
65Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — New Hope CemeteryJefferson County
On Grantswood Road, on the right when traveling east.
New Hope Baptist Church and Cemetery were established here on land with a log house donated by Mr. & Mrs. Andrew Jackson Glass on August 21, 1884, for religious and educational purposes. The five-member church began with trustee Manson Glass. On . . . — Map (db m83832) HM
66Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — A3 — Non-Violent Foot Soldiers
On 6th Avenue N.
The central principle of the American Civil Rights Movement was non-violence, based on the strategies of Mahatma Gandhi, who led India's independence struggle against the British Empire. Being non-violent did not mean being passive. Using "direct . . . — Map (db m83833) HM
67Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Non-Violent Foot Soldiers
On 6th Avenue N.
Those who participated in the marches and other demonstrations in the Birmingham Campaign agreed to a pledge of nonviolence. A few of the "Ten Commandments" of the pledge were: "Meditate daily on the teaching and life of Jesus. Remember always that . . . — Map (db m83834) HM
68Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — North Birmingham
On 27th Street North at 31st Avenue North, on the left when traveling north on 27th Street North.
On October 1, 1886, the North Birmingham Land Company was formed to develop a planned industrial and residential town on 900 acres of land, formerly part of the Alfred Nathaniel Hawkins plantation north of Village Creek. The plan included sites for . . . — Map (db m26700) HM
69Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Oldest House In Shades Valley / Irondale Furnace CommissaryCummings - Eastis - Beaumont House
On Montevallo Road west of Glenbrook Drive, on the right when traveling east.
The original log structure was built c. 1820 - 1830, with the board and batten addition dating to as late as the 1860s. The log cabin was at first one and one-half stories and is believed to be the oldest structure in Shades Valley. Members of the . . . — Map (db m26697) HM
70Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Osmond Kelly Ingram1887 - 1917
On 17th Street North at 6th Avenue North, on the right when traveling south on 17th Street North.
(Front):Osmond Kelly Ingram 1887-1917 First American sailor killed in action in World War 1, aboard U.S.S. "Cassin" October 1, 1917. Medal of Honor War Cross - Italy (Back):U.S. Destroyer DD-225 U.S.S. Osmond Ingram . . . — Map (db m63762) HM
71Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Oxmoor Iron Furnaces1863 - 1928
On Shannon Oxmoor Road at Shades Creek Circle, on the right when traveling west on Shannon Oxmoor Road.
First blast furnace in Jefferson County erected near this site (1863) by Red Mountain Coal and Iron Co. Destroyed (1865) by Federal troops: rebuilt (1873) and second furnace added. Successful experimental run made in Furnace No. 2 (1876) using local . . . — Map (db m27280) HM
72Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Pauline Bray Fletcher1878 - 1970
On 5th Avenue North at 16th Street North, on the left when traveling east on 5th Avenue North.
In Tribute to Pauline Bray Fletcher 1878 - 1970 The First Black Registered Nurse of Alabama Through self-sacrifice, perseverance founded in 1926 Camp Pauline Bray Fletcher. Renewing the faith and the good health of all black . . . — Map (db m27393) HM
73Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Police Presence
On 6th Avenue N.
May 1963 Helmeted police stand ready in Kelly Ingram Park outside the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, one of many strategic hubs from which "Project C" organizers launched marches. Police try to keep marchers away from City Hall, usually stopping . . . — Map (db m73032) HM
74Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Powell School
On 6th Avenue North at 24th Street North, on the left on 6th Avenue North.
Birmingham's first public school was named for Colonel James R. Powell, the city's first elected Mayor. This energetic promoter also served as the first President of the Elyton Land Company (now Birmingham Realty), which founded the city in 1871. . . . — Map (db m83835) HM
75Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Redmont Park Historic District
On Arlington Avenue at Aberdeen Road, on the right when traveling south on Arlington Avenue.
Extending across the crest of Red Mountain, is the state’s second oldest garden-landscaped residential area. Developed from 1911 to 1935 by Robert Jemison, Jr., Hill Ferguson, and Henry Key Milner using landscape architects C. W. Leavitt of New York . . . — Map (db m41129) HM
76Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — 5 — Reflecting Pool
Near 17th Street N.
Throughout May 1963, the pressure continued to build. The downtown business district was closed, a prominent black-owned motel was bombed, and 3,000 federal troops were dispatched to restore order before Birmingham was officially desegregated. This . . . — Map (db m73021) HM
77Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — 9 — Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth
On 16th Street N.
No one did more to bring about positive change in Birmingham than the Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth. In his struggle for equal rights, he survived a series of assaults, including the bombing of his home and a brutal armed beating by the Ku Klux Klan. . . . — Map (db m73025) HM
78Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth Bethel Baptist Church
On 29th Avenue North at 33rd Street North, on the right when traveling east on 29th Avenue North.
Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth's tenure as pastor of Bethel Baptist Church (1953-1961) was marked by demonstrations, bombings and passionate sermons critical of segregation laws. His activism earned him a house bombing, frequent beatings, arrests, and . . . — Map (db m83836) HM
79Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Rickwood Field
On 12th Street West at 2nd Avenue West on 12th Street West.
Built by local industrialist A. H. "Rick" Woodward, this park opened on August 18, 1910. It is the oldest surviving baseball park in America. Rickwood served as the home park for both the Birmingham Barons (until 1987) and the Birmingham Black . . . — Map (db m22526) HM
80Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Rickwood FieldOpening Day: August 18, 1910
On 12th Street Southwest at 1st Court West, on the right when traveling north on 12th Street Southwest.
Built by Birmingham industrialist A. H. “Rick” Woodward, Rickwood Field served as home to the Birmingham Barons and Birmingham Black Barons for most of the 20th century. Recognized as “America’s Oldest Baseball Park,” . . . — Map (db m83837) HM
81Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Roebuck Spring
On Roebuck Boulevard, on the left when traveling east.
In 1850 George James Roebuck and his wife Ann Hawkins Roebuck built a log cabin at the mouth of Roebuck Spring. His Influence and leadership led to the area around it to be known as Roebuck. In 1900 Alabama Boys Industrial School was located . . . — Map (db m26688) HM
82Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Roebuck Springs Historic District
On Cumberland Drive east of 4th Avenue South, on the right when traveling east.
Roebuck Springs was the first large residential suburb in Birmingham where planning and development were tied to the automobile, and the first community in the city associated with a golf course development. The 1910 land plan was designed to . . . — Map (db m26684) HM
83Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Ruhama Baptist Church
On 2nd Avenue South, on the right when traveling north.
. . . — Map (db m26695) HM
84Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — S. H. Kress Five-And-Ten Cent Store
On 19th Street North at 3rd Avenue North, on the right when traveling north on 19th Street North.
Built in 1937, Birmingham’s S. H. Kress Five-and-Ten Cent Store was the second completed of the three great mercantile buildings on this intersection. Its construction reflected Kress’s confidence in Birmingham’s economy and marked a break by its . . . — Map (db m38557) HM
85Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — School of Medicine
On 7th Avenue South at 19th Street., on the right when traveling south on 7th Avenue South.
Front of Marker: Opened as Alabama Medical College in 1859 in Mobile by Josiah C. Nott and other physicians as part of the University of Alabama. Closed by the Civil War in 1861 it reopened in 1868. Reorganized in 1897, it became the . . . — Map (db m83838) HM
86Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Site of the First Alabama - Auburn Football Game
On Clairmont Avenue South at 32nd Street South., on the right when traveling west on Clairmont Avenue South.
The first Alabama - Auburn football game was played on this site, formerly known as the Base Ball Park, on February 22, 1893. The Agricultural and Mechanical College's "Orange and Blue" met the University of Alabama's "Tuskaloosa" squad before a . . . — Map (db m23500) HM
87Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Sixteenth Street Baptist Church
Near 6th Avenue North at 16th Street North.
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church has been designated a National Historic Landmark This property possesses National Significance in commemorating the history of the United States. In 1963 it was the staging ground for the . . . — Map (db m63733) HM
88Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — SlagSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
Near 32nd Street North at 2nd Avenue North, on the left when traveling north.
In addition to making iron the furnace produced a molten waste called slag. Workers drained off the slag periodically through the cinder notch, a hole at the base of the furnace. After processing, the slag was sold for use in road building and in . . . — Map (db m83839) HM
89Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Sloss Furnaces
Near 1st Avenue North (U.S. 11) near 32nd Street North.
The crossing of railroads in 1872 adjacent to this site gave rise to the industrial city of Birmingham. In 1881 Alabama railroad magnate and entrepreneur James Withers Sloss, capitalizing on the unusual coincidence of coal, iron ore and limestone in . . . — Map (db m23498) HM
90Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Smithfield
On 8th Avenue West at Center Street North, on the right when traveling east on 8th Avenue West.
Marker Front: This residential area was carved from the Joseph Riley Smith plantation, a 600 acre antebellum farm, one of the largest in 19th century Jefferson County. Smithfield lies to the west of Birmingham's city center on the flat land . . . — Map (db m26990) HM
91Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — SouthSuburban neighborhoods south of Birmingham
Near Valley View Drive west of Richard Arrington Jr Boulevard South.
At the turn of the last century, Birmingham residents seeking home ownership and escape from the smoke, congestion, and unhealthy living conditions of an industrial city, began moving south. New streetcar lines encouraged the move “over the . . . — Map (db m83840) HM
92Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — St. Vincent’s HospitalBirmingham’s Oldest Hospital
On St. Vincents Drive at University Blvd South, in the median on St. Vincents Drive.
Named for St. Vincent de Paul, founder of the Daughters of Charity in France in 1633, the hospital opened December 20, 1898 in the temporarily rented Henry F. DeBardelaben mansion at 206 15th Street South. Father Patrick A. O’Reilly founded the . . . — Map (db m27523) HM
93Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Stock Trestle/TunnelSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
Near 32nd Street North at 2nd Avenue North, on the left when traveling north.
Construction of the stock trestle/tunnel complex was part of the extensive modernization that Sloss carried out between 1927 and 1931. Much of the work focused on mechanizing the charging operations and equipment—the stock trestle/tunnel . . . — Map (db m69077) HM
94Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — Temple Wilson Tutwiler, II / Tutwiler HotelMarch 22, 1923 - March 1, 1982
On 20th Street North at 5th Avenue North, on the right when traveling north on 20th Street North.
Temple Wilson Tutwiler, II “Tutwiler Green”, this section of Birmingham Green was so named in a resolution passed by the Birmingham City Council to honor the life and work of Temple Tutwiler II, who contributed greatly to the . . . — Map (db m27525) HM
95Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Alabama TheatreBuilt 1927
On 3rd Avenue North, on the right when traveling east.
Built by the Publix Theater division of Paramount Studios. This movie palace opened on December 26th, 1927. The theatre, in Spanish / Moorish design by Graven and Mayger of Chicago, seated 2500 in a five story, three-tiered auditorium. Paramount's . . . — Map (db m27337) HM
96Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Berry Project
On 2nd Avenue North, on the left when traveling west.
This row of buildings from 2009 to 2017 Second Avenue dates from the early years of the 20th century and has undergone a variety of changes and modernizations over the years. Originally part of a larger building that burned in 1944 (now the site of . . . — Map (db m38563) HM
97Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Birmingham Public Library / The Linn - Henley Research Library
Near Park Place.
Birmingham’s first library was organized in 1886 and in 1891 became a subscription library for the general public. In 1908 the Birmingham Public Library Association established a free public library, and the City created an independent Library Board . . . — Map (db m83856) HM
98Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Blast FurnaceSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
Near 32nd Street North at 2nd Avenue North, on the left when traveling north.
In the blast furnace the combination of iron ore, flux (limestone and/or dolomite), coke, and hot air produced molten iron and two waste products: molten slag and blast furnace gas. The molten products collected in the bottom of the furnace and . . . — Map (db m69078) HM
99Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Blowing Engine RoomSloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark
Near 32nd Street North.
The blast furnace required a tremendous amount of air - about two tons for every ton of iron produced. These three rooms, known collectively as the blower building, house the equipment used to pump air to the furnaces. Workers called this blast of . . . — Map (db m43628) HM
100Alabama (Jefferson County), Birmingham — The Cascade
Near Valley View Drive west of Richard Arrington Jr Boulevard South.
One popular element of the park’s original design was a water feature known as the cascade. Cascading fountains were important features in formal European gardens. Their terraced pools and waterfalls animated the landscape with the sounds and . . . — Map (db m83857) HM

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Feb. 28, 2021