Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
57 entries match your criteria.
 
 

Historical Markers and War Memorials in Bolivar

 
Clickable Map of Jefferson County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Jefferson County, WV (340) Berkeley County, WV (102) Washington County, MD (835) Clarke County, VA (72) Frederick County, VA (175) Loudoun County, VA (252)  JeffersonCounty(340) Jefferson County (340)  BerkeleyCounty(102) Berkeley County (102)  WashingtonCountyMaryland(835) Washington County (835)  ClarkeCountyVirginia(72) Clarke County (72)  FrederickCounty(175) Frederick County (175)  LoudounCounty(252) Loudoun County (252)
Bolivar, West Virginia and Vicinity
    Jefferson County (340)
    Berkeley County (102)
    Washington County, Maryland (835)
    Clarke County, Virginia (72)
    Frederick County, Virginia (175)
    Loudoun County, Virginia (252)
 
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Fate of Harpers Ferry was sealed.A.P. Hill — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park —
After an exhausting night of dragging 20 cannon along the river and up the ravines to this site on Chambers (Murphy) Farm, General A.P. Hill and his 3,500 men sprang their trap on the unsuspecting Union army. Before dawn on the last day of the . . . — Map (db m5894) HM
2West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Dangerous PositionHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On the dark, moonless night of September 14, 1862, 100 men from the 126th New York Regiment established a skirmish line here. These men were new to the war, having only been in uniform for a few short weeks. After surviving a terrifying afternoon of . . . — Map (db m5397) HM
3West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Moving SymbolHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In it really began the Civil War. Here was lighted the torch of liberty for all America… For you this is the most hallowed shrine in this country. Henry McDonald, Storer College president The foundations in front of you mark a temporary site . . . — Map (db m8318) HM
4West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Position Strong by NatureHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In 1862 Union Colonel Dixon Miles thought that the ridge in front of you, Bolivar Heights, was the perfect place to defend Harpers Ferry. However, in September of '62, Colonel Miles and 14,000 Union soldiers found themselves surrounded by 24,000 . . . — Map (db m155728) HM
5West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Union Predicament
"Do all you can to annoy the rebels should they advance on you...You will not abandon Harpers Ferry without defending it to the last extremity." Maj. Gen. John G. Wool, USA Telegraph message to Col. Dixon S. Miles, USA September 7, 1862 The . . . — Map (db m19005) HM
6West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — A Union Predicament
"Do all you can to annoy the rebels should they advance on you...You will not abandon Harpers Ferry without defending it to the last extremity." Maj. Gen. John G. Wool, USA Telegraph message to Col. Dixon S. Miles, USA September 7, 1862 The . . . — Map (db m148869) HM
7West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Allstadt HouseJohn Brown's Hostages — Prelude to War —
The Allstadt House and Ordinary was the home of John H. Allstadt. On the evening of October 16, 1859, John Brown and his "army" of would-be slave liberators launched their attack on Harpers Ferry from Kennedy Farm just across the Potomac River in . . . — Map (db m145216) HM
8West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Area History
On April 18, 1861 Confederate volunteers occupied these heights. The threat prompted Lt. Roger Jones, in command at Harpers Ferry, to set fire to the armory and arsenal buildings destroying thousands of muskets needed by the Confederacy. — Map (db m5866) HM
9West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Assessing the ObstacleHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Never had "Stonewall" Jackson faced a stronger enemy position. Arriving here on Schoolhouse Ridge on the first day of the battle, Jackson scanned Bolivar Heights (the lower ridge in front of you) and saw a dangerous enemy - 7,000 Union infantry and . . . — Map (db m155732) HM
10West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Battle of Harpers Ferry / Jackson ArrivesHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
(Upper Panel): Battle of Harpers Ferry Invasion rocked the United States during the second year of the American Civil War. In September 1862 Confederate General Robert E. Lee launched his army into Maryland - the North. Lee's first target . . . — Map (db m23320) HM
11West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Battle of Harpers Ferry / Union StrongholdHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Battle of Harpers Ferry Invasion rocked the United States during the second year of the American Civil War. In September 1862 Confederate General Robert E. Lee launched his army into Maryland - the North. Lee's first target became Harpers . . . — Map (db m148862) HM
12West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Bolivar Heights Trail
Union and Confederate soldiers transformed these fields into campgrounds full of dingy tents, smoky campfires and boiling kettles during the Civil War. Shouting officers drilled their troops until Bolivar's grass was trampled into precision . . . — Map (db m148864) HM
13West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Bolivar Methodist Church
This church built in early 1840's was occupied by both Union and Confederate troops for military purposes during Civil War. — Map (db m157924) HM
14West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Casualties of War
"…We enter the barren waste of Bolivar Heights…a windswept deserted moorland…except its populous graveyard." James E. Taylor, war correspondent Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper August 10, 1864 Military discipline for . . . — Map (db m155723) HM
15West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Closing the DoorsHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Resting with his troops in Frederick, Maryland, 20 miles northeast of here, Confederate General Robert E. Lee had hoped the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry would abandon its post when he invaded the North. They did not. Lee decided to attack. He . . . — Map (db m148866) HM
16West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Confederate Victory
"The Rebels were all around us and our only refuge was the open canopy of heaven." Sgt. Charles E. Smith 32nd Ohio Infantry September 14, 1862 Thousands of Federal soldiers huddled in ravines on Bolivar Heights to escape the Confederate . . . — Map (db m19006) HM
17West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Confederate Victory
"The Rebels were all around us and our only refuge was the open canopy of heaven." Sgt. Charles E. Smith 32nd Ohio Infantry September 14, 1862 Thousands of Federal soldiers huddled in ravines on Bolivar Heights to escape the . . . — Map (db m155714) HM
18West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Confederates ConvergeHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Confederate General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North hinged on eliminating the Harpers Ferry garrison. To do so Lee devised Special Orders 191. He divided his force of 40,000 into four parts. Three columns marched from near Frederick, . . . — Map (db m7839) HM
19West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Destined for AntietamHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Text of the marker is arranged to illustrate the movements of the Confederate Army during the Antietam Campaign of 1862: September 10, 1862 from Frederick, Maryland Confederate commander Lee sends part of his army to capture Harpers . . . — Map (db m155741) HM
20West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Discover Harpers FerryHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Enjoy over 3,000 acres of rivers, trails, and battlefields in historic Harpers Ferry Near the Visitor Center: Battlefields and Trails Experience Harpers Ferry's tumultuous past. Pick up park trail maps and guides at the visitor . . . — Map (db m143936) HM
21West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Facing the EnemyHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Union Commander Dixon Miles knew the Confederates were coming. His cavalry reported the Southern troops advancing from three different directions. Ordered to "hold Harpers Ferry until the last extremity," Miles divided his forces to retain . . . — Map (db m155702) HM
22West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Fake Attack - September 14thHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"Stonewall" Jackson understood the principle of military deception. On the second evening of the battle, he used deception here. To lure the Union attention away from the south end of Bolivar Heights, Jackson faked an attack against the north end of . . . — Map (db m7866) HM
23West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — First Major Action
On Sept. 13, 1862 Stonewall Jackson’s forces approaching from the west were shelled by 2 Union artillery guns under Col. Miles from this position. On Sept. 14, Gen. A.P. Hill outflanked these Union troops while Jackson swept past this location. Col. . . . — Map (db m155751) HM
24West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Five Rounds into the DarknessHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The 115th New York Regiment, young and inexperienced, formed a skirmish line here. When gunfire erupted on their left during the night, the men of the 115th must have felt the rush of adrenaline through their veins. Dander was headed in their . . . — Map (db m7816) HM
25West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Fortifying Bolivar Heights
"...the heights became dotted with tents, and at night...the neighboring hills were aglow with hundreds of watchfires..." Joseph Barry, Harpers Ferry resident October 1862 After the Battle of Antietam on September 17, 1862, General Lee . . . — Map (db m148871) HM
26West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — From Civil War to Civil Rights / Battle of Harpers FerryHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
From Civil War to Civil Rights In 1862 Union soldiers forced Edmund Chambers, this farm's first owner (1848-1869), from his home. The farm became a battlefield, where Confederate General A.P. Hill struck the winning blow of the Battle of . . . — Map (db m143933) HM
27West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — From Skirmish Line to Burial GroundHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Some of the Union infantrymen who defended this ground on the night of September 14th returned the next day. Even though the Confederate strategy had won the battle for Harpers Ferry, and these Union soldiers were part of the largest surrender of . . . — Map (db m5398) HM
28West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Gun Position #6
This gun protected the south end of the fort and was positioned to fire on flank movements. An outside picket trench, which can be seen ahead of the main embankment, protected the artillery crew. — Map (db m5879) HM
29West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Harpers FerryPrize of War
“It may be said with truth that no spot in the United States experienced more of the horrors of war.” – Joseph Barry, Harpers Ferry resident Trapped on the border between North and South, Harpers Ferry changed hands eight . . . — Map (db m23188) HM
30West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Harpers Ferry Bolivar Veterans MemorialWe Honor All Who Served
This Memorial is dedicated to all from the Harpers Ferry-Bolivar District who served their country from World War I to the present. Their sacrifice and valor for the freedom of America will never be forgotten. For those who did not return, our . . . — Map (db m70786) WM
31West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
(First Panel): Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is the story of... Industrial Development and the production of weapons at the Harpers Ferry armory. John Brown's Raid and his attempt to end slavery. The Civil War with Union and . . . — Map (db m19008) HM
32West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Historic Heights
Surrounded by the Blue Ridge Mountains at the confluence of the Potomac and the Shenandoah Rivers, Harpers Ferry thrived as an industrial community during the first half of the 19th century. By 1860, nearly 3,000 residents lived in the . . . — Map (db m144875) HM
33West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — History in the Mountains
"I will pledge myself that there is not a spot in the United States which combines more or greater requisites...." George Washington May 5, 1798 Harpers Ferry's history and geography have influenced each other for . . . — Map (db m12065) HM
34West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Holy GroundHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Here on the scene of John Brown’s martyrdom we reconsecrate ourselves, our honor, our property to the final emancipation of the race which John Brown died to make free… Thank God for John Brown!... and all the hallowed dead who died for . . . — Map (db m8316) HM
35West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Home Becomes BattlefieldHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The Civil War affected not only the soldiers who fought but the families whose homes and towns became battlefields. Edmund H. Chambers bought this farm in 1848 and lived here with his family until the Civil War. Although Chambers was a loyal . . . — Map (db m115283) HM
36West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Honoring All Who Served
Jefferson County’s men and women have answered their nation’s call to military service in war and peace. The monument in front of you is dedicated to all our honored veterans. Five of their stories are mentioned below. Luke Quinn,a Marine . . . — Map (db m107894) HM
37West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — In Honor of Private Luke Quinn
United States Marine Killed 18 October 1859 During the capture of John Brown Flagpole and gravesite rededicated by Marine Corps League Detachment 1143 13 0ctober 2012 — Map (db m104281) HM WM
38West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Infantry Positions
Infantry troops occupied positions along these fortifications. The low height of the earth embankment at this location permitted the defending troops easy passage to and from the abatis without exposure. — Map (db m5878) HM
39West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Jackson at Harpers FerryThe Stonewall Brigade
As you explore Jefferson County’s Civil War sites, you will learn about some of the notable exploits on the native soil of Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, one of the war's most famous figures. Jackson was born in Clarksburg, Virginia . . . — Map (db m155096) HM
40West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Mountains, Men, and ManeuversHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Confederate Major General “Stonewall” Jackson could not see this view. His lower vantage on Schoolhouse Ridge, 1000 yards upriver, blocked his sight of this strategic position. Yet Jackson remembered this farm from his time as . . . — Map (db m155752) HM
41West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — PilgrimageHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In July 1896, members of the National League of Colored Women traveled here from Washington, D.C. and posed for their picture in front of John Brown’s Fort. The women came to pay homage to Brown and his raiders, establishing a pilgrimage . . . — Map (db m8317) HM
42West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Pre Civil War Spring House
According to local legend, the North came here to get water during the day and the South at night. Restored in 2002 — Map (db m19066) HM
43West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Protecting the Supply Lines
"...make all the valleys south of the Baltimore and Ohio [rail]road a desert as high up as possible...so that crows flying over it [Virginia] for the balance of the season will have to carry their provisions with them." Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. . . . — Map (db m5370) HM
44West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Rats in a CageHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The Union army refused to give up. Frustrated by the Federals' stronghold on Bolivar Heights, "Stonewall" Jackson ordered cannons to the mountain tops and nearby plateaus. Pounded by a day and a morning of Confederate bombardment, Union soldiers . . . — Map (db m148868) HM
45West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Sheridan Dug InHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In August 1864 Harpers Ferry was again a Union stronghold. Union General Philip Sheridan and his men built this redoubt—the earthwork in front of you—as fortification against the Confederates. Sheridan’s objective was to stop the . . . — Map (db m5896) HM
46West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Sheridan Fortifications
In August 1864, Gen. U.S. Grant ordered Gen. Phillip Sheridan to construct earth fortifications on Bolivar Heights. These forts faced northwest to protect against Confederate movements down the Shenandoah Valley to Harpers Ferry. This Sheridan . . . — Map (db m5863) HM
47West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Simon Bolivar1783 - 1830
Liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador Peru, Panama and founder of Bolivia Presented by The President of Venezuela to Bolivar, West Virginia — Map (db m103645) HM WM
48West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters
This residence was used as headquarters by Confederate General T.J. "Stonewall" Jackson while stationed in the area during the Civil War — Map (db m2942) HM
49West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Struggle to the HeightsHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Consider dragging 2,000-pound cannon up this ravine—at night. General A.P. Hill’s Confederates faced that task during the second night of battle. The assignment was essential to “Stonewall” Jackson’s plan to flank the Union army on . . . — Map (db m5889) HM
50West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Abatis
During the construction of this fort, many of the trees which were located directly in front of these embankments were felled forming an “abatis”. This timber obstruction slowed the advance of the attacking forces so that snipers, . . . — Map (db m5872) HM
51West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Confederate PerspectiveHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"General J.R. Jones was directed to make a demonstration against the enemy's right." Jackson's official report Confederate Colonel Edmund Pendleton wrote about the night of September 14, 1862, from his perspective across the road on School . . . — Map (db m155727) HM
52West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The First Line of Defense: The Union Skirmish LineHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
After sunset on September 14, 1862, the Confederate cannons across the road on School House Ridge vanished in the darkness. The features of the landscape began to blur as the shell-shocked Union soldiers on Bolivar Heights wondered if they could . . . — Map (db m5394) HM
53West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The First Year of War
"The people for the most part were tongue-tied with terror...overwhelmed with ruin..." Porte Crayon, war correspondent April 18, 1861 The armory and arsenal's destruction signaled the beginning of the war and the end of prosperity in . . . — Map (db m155722) HM
54West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Murphy Farm
Established 1869 Alexander Murphy 1840-1931 Mollie M. Murphy 1869-1945 Mary Murphy 1834-1908 William J. Murphy 1872-1931 Historical events on the Farm: Battle of Harpers Ferry September 13-15, 1862 General Philip Sheridan's Fortification August . . . — Map (db m13275) HM
55West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — The Trap Closes
"General Hill, charge and give them the bayonet." Major Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson September 15, 1862 Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill's division received orders from Stonewall Jackson to flank the Federal left on . . . — Map (db m12057) HM
56West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — Union Skirmish Line
Union troops on the crest and slope of Bolivar Heights to the East were attacked by Confederates lead by Gen. Jackson from School House Ridge to the West on 14 Sept. 1862. Private Paylor, Co. D., 111th NY, recalled this as "an awful fight." This . . . — Map (db m2944) HM
57West Virginia (Jefferson County), Bolivar — We Began Firing At Will: The 111th New York RegimentHarpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"We went below and formed in line of battle and laid down on our arms. Sleep was out of the question but of course, human nature will succumb and drowsiness was general among the boys. It must have been nine O'Clock or more by this time. All of a . . . — Map (db m5396) HM
 
Paid Advertisement
Nov. 23, 2020