“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Boonsboro, Maryland

Clickable Map of Washington County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Washington County, MD (864) Allegany County, MD (292) Frederick County, MD (525) Franklin County, PA (210) Fulton County, PA (46) Loudoun County, VA (309) Berkeley County, WV (106) Jefferson County, WV (348) Morgan County, WV (109)  WashingtonCounty(864) Washington County (864)  AlleganyCounty(292) Allegany County (292)  FrederickCounty(525) Frederick County (525)  FranklinCountyPennsylvania(210) Franklin County (210)  FultonCounty(46) Fulton County (46)  LoudounCountyVirginia(309) Loudoun County (309)  BerkeleyCountyWest Virginia(106) Berkeley County (106)  JeffersonCounty(348) Jefferson County (348)  MorganCounty(109) Morgan County (109)
Hagerstown is the county seat for Washington County
Boonsboro is in Washington County
      Washington County (864)  
      Allegany County (292)  
      Frederick County (525)  
      Franklin County, Pennsylvania (210)  
      Fulton County, Pennsylvania (46)  
      Loudoun County, Virginia (309)  
      Berkeley County, West Virginia (106)  
      Jefferson County, West Virginia (348)  
      Morgan County, West Virginia (109)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — “Crampton’s Gap” “Maryland Heights” and “Pleasant Valley”
Important points during the first invasion of Maryland by the Army of the Confederacy in 1862.Map (db m1879) HM
2Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 13th N.C. Regiment of Gen. Garland's Brigade
On the morning of September 14, 1862, Brig. General Samuel Garland deployed his troops along the Ridge Rd. (Lamb's Knoll Rd.). The 13th North Carolina under the command of Lt. Col. Thomas Ruffin, Jr. in his report describes the morning action. . . . Map (db m158409) HM
3Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1732Milestones in the Life of Washington
1732: Born, Westmoreland Co. VA.Map (db m145971) HM
4Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1749 / 1753-58[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1749: Surveyor of Culpepper Co., Va. 1753-58: Officer in French and Indian WarMap (db m145972) HM
5Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1759 / 1758-74[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1759: Marries Martha Custis. 1758-74: Member, VA. House of Burgesses.Map (db m145973) HM
6Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1774 / 1775[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1774: VA. Delegate to 1st Continental Congress 1775: Appointed Commander-in-ChiefMap (db m145974) HM
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7Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1776 / 1777[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1776: Loses N.Y. to British Declaration signed 1777: British occupy Philadelphia Winter at Valley ForgeMap (db m145977) HM
8Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1781 / 1783[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1781: British surrender at Yorktown. 1783: British recognize American Independence.Map (db m145978) HM
9Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — 1789[Milestones in the Life of Washington]
1789: Federal Constitution ratified; Washington becomes PresidentMap (db m145979) HM
10Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Battle of BoonsboroBuying Time — Gettysburg Campaign —
Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart faced a difficult assignment: to locate the Union cavalry and prevent it from severing Gen. Robert E. Lee’s avenue of retreat to Williamsport and the Potomac River after the Battle of Gettysburg. The result was the . . . Map (db m203040) HM
11Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — BoonsboroLee's Headquarters — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
After Gen. Robert E. Lee issued Special Order 191 near Frederick dividing the Army of Northern Virginia into four columns, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s command marched across South Mountain on September 10, 1862. His column . . . Map (db m122154) HM
12Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Cannon of Revolutionary War
(War of American Independence) 1775–1783 forged Mount Aetna, Maryland Dedicated July 4, 1906 Rededicated July 5, 1992 Charles F. Kauffman, Jr. Mayor, Town of Boonsboro Robert J. Shifler, Assistant Mayor • Kevin M. Chambers, Councilman • . . . Map (db m2005) HM
13Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Deaths of Two Generals“Hallo, Sam, I’m dead!” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
The fight for Fox’s Gap on September 14, 1862, claimed the lives of two generals, one from each side. Confederate Gen. Samuel Garland, a Lynchburg, Virginia native, attended the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington and later obtained his law . . . Map (db m455) HM
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14Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Devil's Backbone Dam Rehabilitation
Devil's Backbone Dam appears to be one of the few remaining original dams from the height of Washington County's flour production days of the early 19th century and a representative example of masonry dams that predate the Civil War. According to . . . Map (db m145989) HM
15Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . Map (db m1913) HM
16Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Gettysburg CampaignThe Battle of Boonsboro
Two U.S. Cavalry divisions repulsed five rebel cavalry brigades in a day-long fight north of Boonsboro on July 8, 1863. The South Mountain passes remained open to the Federal Army in pursuit of the Confederates retreating from Gettyburg via . . . Map (db m7008) HM
17Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Gravesite of William Boone
Gravesites of William Boone, d. 1798 and his wife Susanna Parks Boone, b. 1755 - d. 1844 William and his brother, George, founded Boone's Berry, now known as Boonsboro, in 1792 The graves are located near the original Boone . . . Map (db m107565) HM
18Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — John Collins
Native of Frederick County, skilled hunter and a superintendent of provisions with the Lewis and Clark expedition, John Collins was the first Marylander to cross the North American continent. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were charged by Thomas . . . Map (db m1904) HM
19Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Korean War Memorial
With honor for those who served in KoreaMap (db m145986) WM
20Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Maj. Gen. Jesse L. Reno
(front) 9th Army Corps. September 14, 1862. Reno. (west side) This monument marks the spot where Major Gen. Jesse Lee Reno, commanding 9th Army Corps U.S. Vol’s, was killed in battle Sept. 14, 1862. (south . . . Map (db m158614) WM
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21Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Near Here in Wise’s Field
Near here in Wise's field on the morning of Sept. 14, 1862, Brigadier General Samuel Garland, Jr. C.S.A. of Lynchburg, Virginia fell mortally wounded while leading his men.Map (db m429) HM
22Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Stonewall Jackson's Way
Under Special Order 191, Maj. Gen Thomas J. Jackson led Confederate troops from Frederick to capture Harper's Ferry. On Sept. 11, 1862, Jackson's Second Corps moved by this road from its encampment near Boonsborough to cross the Potomac at . . . Map (db m3912) HM
23Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — S580C — Stonewall Regiment
More than 90,000 Michigan men served in the Union Army and Navy during the Civil War. The 17th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment was mustered at the Detroit Barracks in August 1862 under the command of Colonel William H. Withington. The . . . Map (db m158389) HM
24Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The "Wiregrass" Georgians50th Georgia Regiment, CSA
A few hundred feet north of this site, the 50th Georgia Infantry Regiment, of Brig. Gen. Thomas F. Drayton's Brigade, was decimated by elements of Gen. Orlando B. Willcox's 3,600-man Federal division on the late afternoon of September 14, 1862. . . . Map (db m158405) HM
25Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Battle for Fox’s Gap“Hell is empty and all the devils are here.” — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
As Confederate Gen. D.H. Hill’s division struggled to hold the gaps of South Mountain on September 14, 1862, the fighting here at Fox’s Gap raged throughout the day. About 9 a.m., Gen. Jesse L. Reno’s corps attacked Confederate Gen. Samuel . . . Map (db m454) HM
26Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg
The bloodiest conflict of the War Between the States occurred September 17, 1862, a few miles from this point (Turn ← in the center of Boonsboro).Map (db m456) HM
27Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Boys from Boonsboro DistrictWorld War: 1914 - 1918
[Street side]: [Emblem of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics] Erected in honor of the boys from Boonsboro District by South Mountain Council No. 88, Jr. O.U.A.M. and Citizens of the community. July 4th, 1919. . . . Map (db m16491) HM
28Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The First Completed Monument Dedicated to the Memory of George Washington
In commemoration of the first completed monument dedicated to the memory of George Washington. Citizens of Boonsboro on July 4, 1827 marched behind the Stars and Stripes to this site and built the tower to 15 feet. They returned to . . . Map (db m129050) HM
29Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Lost Orders
No other document of the Civil War has generated so much controversy as Lee's Special Orders No. 191. These “Lost Orders” detailed the movements of Lee's army for the operation against Harpers Ferry. On September 9 Lee sent copies of the order to . . . Map (db m2042) HM
30Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Maryland Campaign of 1862
On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into Pennsylvania and . . . Map (db m2041) HM
31Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The National RoadThe Road that Built the Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . Map (db m1911) HM
32Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Town of BoonsboroMaryland uses Macadam to Complete the National Road — The Historic National Road - The Road That Built The Nation —
The National Road from Baltimore to Cumberland was comprised of a series of privately funded turnpikes. By 1822, the road was complete except for the ten miles between Boonsboro and Hagerstown. In August of the year, under pressure from the state . . . Map (db m1162) HM
33Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — T.P. 1 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 1
Between September 4th and 7th, 1862, the Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, commanding, crossed the Potomac near Leesburg and occupied Frederick, Maryland. On the 10th a movement was made to surround and capture the Union forces at . . . Map (db m1594) HM
34Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — T. P. 2 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 2
In the advance of the Union forces to repel the invasion of Maryland by the Confederates, the Army of the Potomac commanded by Major General Geo. B. McClellan, moved northward from Washington with its front extending from near the Baltimore and Ohio . . . Map (db m1595) HM
35Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — T. P. 3 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 3
Hill's five brigades were encamped at and around Boonsboro to prevent the escape of the Union forces at Harper's Ferry, through Pleasant Valley. Informed that two Union brigades were approaching Turner's Pass, Hill, on the evening of September 13, . . . Map (db m1596) HM
36Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — T. P. 4 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 4
Cox’s Division of the Ninth Corps moved from Middletown at 6 A. M., September 14, by the Frederick and Hagerstown Pike, turned to the left at Koogle’s Mill, on the Catoctin, nearly four miles southeast of this, and, marching on the old Sharpsburg . . . Map (db m1597) HM
37Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — T. P. 5 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 5
During the contest at Fox's Gap, Hooker's (First) Corps was operating east and northeast of this point. The First Corps left the Monocacy at daybreak, passed through Frederick and Middletown and between 3 and 4 P. M., leaving Gibbon's Brigade on the . . . Map (db m1598) HM
38Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — T. P. 6 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 6
When Hooker moved to the right at Bolivar by way of the Hagerstown road, Gibbon continued on the main road and attacked Colquitt, in position about 700 yards southeast of this point. He drove Colquitt's skirmishers and reached the bend in the road . . . Map (db m1599) HM
39Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Vietnam Memorial
With honor for those who served in VietnamMap (db m145983) WM
40Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Washington MonumentSignal Station — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
During the Antietam Campaign, the U.S. Signal Corps used the stone structure in front of you and to your left as a signal station. On July 4, 1827, citizens of the town of Boonsboro paraded to the top of the mountain here and began building this . . . Map (db m1161) HM
41Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Washington MonumentSignal Station — Antietam Campaign 1862 —
During the Antietam Campaign, the U.S. Signal Corps used the stone structure as a signal station. On July 4, 1827, citizens of the town of Boonsboro paraded to the top of the mountain here and began building this first monument in the country . . . Map (db m1886) HM
42Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Washington Monument State ParkHome of First Completed Monument to Honor George Washington
Background Overshadowed by the Battle of Antietam (near Sharpsburg), which took place three days later and resulted in a loss of 23,000 men, the Battle of South Mountain nevertheless played a crucial role in determining the outcome of . . . Map (db m129047) HM
43Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — Welcome to Historic Wise's Field
The land around you was the scene of heavy fighting during the Battle of South Mountain on September 14, 1862. This property is owned by the Central Maryland Heritage League, a non-profit organization. We depend on donations to maintain the land . . . Map (db m198105) HM
44Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — World Wars I & II Memorial
Dedicated to the Men & Women of Boonsboro & Vicinity Who Served in World Wars I & IIMap (db m145984) WM
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Sep. 27, 2022