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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Bowling Green
Bowling Green, Kentucky and Vicinity
▶ Edmonson County (13) ▶ Barren County (40) ▶ Butler County (10) ▶ Grayson County (8) ▶ Hart County (48) ▶ Warren County (86)
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|This cemetery, known as 'Old Guide's Cemetery,"
probably began as a slave cemetery. Others buried
here were early visitors to Mammoth Cave. They
share this resting place with cave guide Stephen
Bishop, who died in 1857 and is the only known . . . — — Map (db m107609) HM|
| "All of this offers
for developimg a great
park of outstanding
service in the very
heart of our nation's
Southern Applachian National Parks Coommission
The . . . — — Map (db m107607) HM|
|Troops under Generals S. B. Buckner and A. S. Johnston, CSA, took up this key position in the Southern defense line on Sept. 18, 1861. After Fort Henry fell and Fort Donelson was threatened, they evacuated Feb. 11-13, 1862. Gen. O. M. Mitchell and . . . — — Map (db m83336) HM|
The Confederate army occupied Bowling Green in mid-September 1861. The commander of the Confederate forces in Bowling Green was General Simon Bolivar Buckner who, before the war, had been a good friend of Edward Henry Hobson. . . . — — Map (db m143063) HM|
| Dr. Henry Carpenter
After the Civil War, Bowling Green's west side became home to a growing number of the city's African Americans. Many owned their properties and worked hard to support their families. As the black population grew, the need . . . — — Map (db m143039) HM|
The Ackerman Building has graced Bowling Green’s public square for more than a century, housing a variety of enterprises, including a bakery, candy shop, department store, attorney’s offices and a coffee house. Built in 1892 in the . . . — — Map (db m138951) HM|
|Generations Lived, Worked and Worshipped Here
A sizeable African American population lived for generations in this immediate vicinity. Until the late 1960s, African Americans were often relegated to live in predetermined areas and sometimes . . . — — Map (db m139387) HM|
|One of nine hills fortified by CSA making Bowling Green a strong Confederate defense center, 1861. Feb. 14, 1862, day after CSA left the area, USA forces in command of Gen. Ormsby Mitchell bombarded the town from here. It continued until a civilian . . . — — Map (db m40755) HM|
|Constructed between 1891 and 1895, this two story Italianate building features a highly decorative iron clad façade. The cornice is highlighted by bulls-eye motifs and brackets and two oriel windows framed by fluted pilasters creating one of the . . . — — Map (db m139231) HM|
|Founded in 1796 by Robert Moore who built cabin at the Big Spring located here. This spring water was nucleus around which the town grew. Moore, his brother, George, and James Stewart posted bond of 1,000 English pounds to establish town in 1797. . . . — — Map (db m128205) HM|
| A newly constituted state of Kentucky, having been conceived in sovereignty convention Nov. 18-20, 1861 at Russellville,
established Bowling Green as its capitol. The commissioners to the Confederate Congress in Richmond were William Preston, . . . — — Map (db m129938) HM|
|Bicentennial time capsule placed in the lawn of the Warren County Courthouse on March 7, 1998.
To be opened March 7, 2098 by the governments of Bowling Green & Warren County.
(reverse) Warren County, the 24th county formed in Kentucky, . . . — — Map (db m139488) HM|
|Established in 1797, Warren County is named for Revolutionary War hero, Dr. Joseph Warren of Boston. Bowling Green was platted in the late 1790s and incorporated in 1812. The city is believed to be named for New York's Bowling Green Park, where . . . — — Map (db m39666) HM|
The Cecelia Memorial Presbyterian Church is one of the oldest church buildings in Warren County. It was built in 1847 for the First Christian Church in the Greek Revival style. In 1897 it was sold to the Negro Cumberland Presbyterian . . . — — Map (db m139443) HM|
|Threatened by Union forces to the west, CSA, who had occupied city five months and fortified hills, planned to evacuate Feb. 14, 1862. Other Federals came from north and bombarded from across the river. CSA set fire to depot and warehouses, as . . . — — Map (db m39658) HM|
Bowling Green's Civil War Defenses
The Confederate army occupied Bowling Green from September 1861 to February 1862. During that time, troops camped nearby to guard against a Union attack coming through the open ground between Fort Webb and . . . — — Map (db m123093) HM|
|Now known as Reservoir Hill, one of nine key fortifications of CSA defense during 1861 Civil War occupation of Bowling Green. Felled trees with sharpened ends were placed as cavalry barriers. Stones from a college building under construction went . . . — — Map (db m39657) HM|
|Until the early 1940s, the College Street Bridge was the chief entrance to Bowling Green from the Barren River’s northern short.
A Lively Commercial Corridor
As one of the city’s main corridors, College Street boasted a number of commercial . . . — — Map (db m139384) HM|
| To the Confederate
1861. 1865. — — Map (db m123091) WM|
|Bowling Green named state capital at the Convention in Russellville November 20, 1861.
First Governor, George W. Johnson.
Commissioners to the Confederate Congress, William Preston, W.W. Simms and Henry Burnett. — — Map (db m129939) HM|
The Covington Building was constructed in the 1860s when the chilly side of the square was known as “frozen row”. Built for Joseph Covington, an attorney, director of a local bank, and a noted “stump speaker” at . . . — — Map (db m138950) HM|
|Building a Defence Stockade for the L&N Trestle on the Big Barren River Railroad tracks, trestles and tunnels were frequent targets of Confederate cavalry raids and infantry attacks. During his "lightening raids" into Kentucky, Confederate General . . . — — Map (db m39670) HM|
| Side A Lida Calvert Obenchain (“Eliza Calvert Hall”), suffragist, press superintendent of Ky. Equal Rights Assn., poet, author. Her most famous story, “Sally Ann’s Experience” (1898), protested women’s inequality. . . . — — Map (db m128207) HM|
|Born Reuben Crowdus on April 17, 1865 in Bowling Green, Ky. He left home at age 12 to sing in minstrel shows. He became prominent as a songwriter in the 1890s. In 1895, he wrote “La Pas Ma La” & promoted it as first published ragtime . . . — — Map (db m39656) HM|
|Originally built by Archibald Felts on land near the Gasper River, this log house had remained relatively unchanged over the years. Recognized as a fine example of regional craftsmanship, it was moved here in 1980. Important characteristics include . . . — — Map (db m47606) HM|
General Simon Bolivar Buckner occupied Bowling Green September 18, 1861.
General Albert Sidney Johnston, Commander Confederate Army of the West, move headquarters to Bowling Green October 28, 1861. He began the erection of this fort. . . . — — Map (db m138737) HM|
Construction of this strong defensive work began in 1862 during the Confederate occupation of Bowling Green. After the Confederates abandoned the city the Union Army completed the fortification, named Fort C. F. Smith in honor of General . . . — — Map (db m39672) HM|
|Constructed by CSA during early days of Civil War. One of numerous fortifications in Bowling Green area used by CSA and Union forces. Located at head of navigation on Barren and Green River systems, Bowling Green became an important stronghold with . . . — — Map (db m39406) HM|
|In 1860, Bowling Green was a thriving city of about 2500 inhabitants with many local businesses, a woolen factory, a candle factory, several mills, an iron foundry, and a newspaper. This city was vital to the war effort of both sides because of . . . — — Map (db m39674) HM|
Welcome to the heart of Bowling Green! At any given time you might find a concert, wedding, hear a politician or even see Santa Clause when the Square is illuminated for Christmas.
Frontier Courthouse Square
Settlers trickled into this . . . — — Map (db m138946) HM|
| Arnold L. "Arnie" Franklin, Jr. was born in Franklin, KY, and his family moved to Bowling Green, KY, when he was 10 years old. He graduated from Bowling Green High School in 1962 and Western Kentucky University in 1966. He joined the USAF . . . — — Map (db m84263) HM|
Constructed shortly after the Civil War and listed in the 1876-77 City Business Directory as one on nine hotels in the center of town, the Gerard building is probably the oldest hotel still standing in Bowling Green. Its street floor . . . — — Map (db m139223) HM|
|This three story building, featuring a limestone facade with a cast iron store front, was constructed in 1871 by John Getty to house a dry goods store. After being sold to Getty's nephew, Cuthbertson, and then to the Nahm Brothers, it was the . . . — — Map (db m139234) HM|
|John Joseph Magda, Jr. was born in Camp Taylor,KY 1918. He attended Western Kentucky State Teachers College in Bowling Green, KY. After graduation in 1940, he enlisted in the United States Navy and completed flight training at Pensacola Naval Air . . . — — Map (db m47719) HM|
|Leader of the movement to establish Kentucky Normal Schools and teachers College.
President Southern Normal School 1892-1906. President Western Kentucky State Teacher's College1906- 1937. — — Map (db m47601) HM|
|Located at the West end of Main St. Home of Col. Atwood G. Hobson, lawyer, banker and Union officer, begun, 1860. During Confederate occupation of Bowling Green, 1862, CSA Gen. Simon B. Buckner saved house at request of his friend, USA General W. E. . . . — — Map (db m40073) HM|
|Capt. Thomas Henry Hines enlisted in the Confederate Army, 1861. With Brig. Gen. John H. Morgan, 1862-63. Captured, July '63, in Ohio with Morgan. Led escape from Federal prison, Nov. '63. Leader of northwest conspiracy '64. Termed most dangerous . . . — — Map (db m83325) HM|
|Authority on restaurants and lodgings in U.S. Born in Bowling Green, 1880. From places visited on business trips, he noted good eating places and inns. That led to annual editions of Adventures in Good Eating and Lodging for a Night. . . . — — Map (db m128208) HM|
|Pioneer merchant Skiles started to Ky. in 1790 by Ohio River flatboat, surviving Indian capture en route. He settled in Bowling Green, 1803, and later moved to Three Springs on the Cumberland Trace. Here he established a thriving mercantile . . . — — Map (db m83355) HM|
|Ky.'s first native son to become governor was born in Bullitt Co. but reared in Logan Co. He read law under John J. Crittenden; began practice in Bowling Green. Served in Ky. House of Rep., and elected lt. gov. At Gov. Breathitt's death, Morehead . . . — — Map (db m83348) HM|
| Side 1
This African American community was founded after the Civil War. It was bordered by Dogwood Dr., Russellville Road, and the railroad tracks. The community grew to include several hundred residents, an elementary school, businesses, . . . — — Map (db m138732) HM|
|A native of Warren Co., Ky., she exerted a powerful influence on public health in Ky. South earned her MD in 1904 and returned to Bowling Green to practice medicine, establishing St. Joseph’s Hospital in her family’s home on 12th St. She served as . . . — — Map (db m39660) HM|
|General Dougherty is a native of Glasgow, KY, having been born there November 15, 1920. He graduated from Western Kentucky University then received a law degree from the University of Louisville. Honorary degrees have been bestowed upon him from . . . — — Map (db m84258) HM|
|An exploring party of 13 “Long Hunters,” so named because of the long periods of time spent away from home, camped along Barren River in 1775. Their names were carved on a beech tree, a silent record of the first white men in this area. . . . — — Map (db m83346) HM|
|At various times during the Civil War, the Confederate and Union armies were garrisoned in Bowling Green. Many encamped around Lost River Cave. Soldiers on both sides recorded their impressions of Lost River Cave and Valley in diaries and letters. . . . — — Map (db m39673) HM|
|The L&N’s Debut - 1859 |
Traveling by train was exciting. Steam power locomotives meant a new age for passengers and freight. After nine years of construction, the Louisville and Nashville Railroad made its first run through Bowling Green in . . . — — Map (db m39655) HM
| College Street was a major transportation artery into the city of Bowling Green and it was lined with an eclectic mix of businesses, residences, churches, and light industry. Two influential African American women, Cecelia Lillard and Ora Frances . . . — — Map (db m139442) HM|
|General Cherry was born in Youngstown, OH, on March 4, 1939 and moved to Bowling Green, KY as an infant. He and his family lived here until his father Henry Hardin Cherry Jr., began his career as an aeronautical engineer after serving in World War . . . — — Map (db m47720) HM|
|First settlement in Warren County, 1/4 mi. east, was on north side of Barren River near mouth of Drake's Creek. Andrew McFadin, Rev. War soldier from N.C., surveyed area and established station, 1785. It was a popular stopover on Cumberland Trace. . . . — — Map (db m128210) HM|
The first in this area, 1785. On north bank of Barren River, built by Andrew McFadin (McFadden), one of 8 brothers from N.C., all of whom fought in Revolutionary War. Five of them later came to Ky., settled along . . . — — Map (db m83356) HM|
|The Nation Embraces the Automobile
Automobile travel swept Bowling Green and the rest of the nation during the 1920s. Drivers enjoyed the freedom of traveling by car on the Dixie highway from Michigan to Florida. People stopped in Bowling . . . — — Map (db m139385) HM|
| Fall 1861 On September 20, 1861 John Hunt Morgan left Lexington, Kentucky with two wagons full of arms he had taken from the Lexington Armory. Eight days later he and his men, the Lexington Rifles arrived in Bowling Green and began his service . . . — — Map (db m39671) HM|
Watches, engagement rings, jewelry – for more than one hundred and thirty years, people have been visiting this building in search of the perfect engagement ring of special gift for loved ones. The worn hardwood floors and the . . . — — Map (db m138948) HM|
Col. Wilcutt is a native of of Russellville, Logan County, Kentucky, having been born there October 31, 1949. He graduated from Southern High School, Louisville, Kentucky in 1967 and earned a B.A. in mathematics from Western Kentucky University . . . — — Map (db m154155) HM|
|Founded here, 1877, with funds left by Robert Ogden, local businessman. Filled educational gap, as there were no public schools here until 1882. Prep school accredited in 1919. Ogden's criteria: regular attendance, gentlemanly deportment, diligent . . . — — Map (db m47603) HM|
|Built in 1841 by Samuel Murrell, this house was a well-known inn and stagecoach stop on Louisville-Nashville road until the L&N Railroad was completed in 1859. This property previously belonged to Susannah Henry Madison, wife of General Thomas . . . — — Map (db m128211) HM|
|Omega Psi Phi Fraternity Inc. is the first international fraternal organization to be founded on the campus of a historically black college. Omega Psi Phi was founded on November 17, 1911, at Howard University in Washington, D.C. The founders were . . . — — Map (db m138763) HM|
|Ora Porter, born in Butler Co., in 1880, moved to Bowling Green at age 10. She graduated from Tuskegee Institute School of Nursing and was among the earliest registered nurses in Ky. She was an organizer of the George Washington Carver Community . . . — — Map (db m83334) HM|
|General Elijah M. Covington of the Kentucky Militia came here from North Carolina in 1795 to farm and survey. Acquired 23,000 acres in Warren, Logan, Edmonson counties. He became Warren County's first sheriff and surveyor. Helped to select the early . . . — — Map (db m83352) HM|
|School for girls founded 1877 as Cedar Bluff Female College near Woodburn. Part of the staff moved to Bowling Green in 1899 and began Potter College. Located on Vinegar Hill, now part of the campus of Western Kentucky University. School closed in . . . — — Map (db m128332) HM|
Bowling Green’s earliest “movie houses” were managed y John P. Masters and owned by Crescent Amusements of Nashville. The Elite Theatre opened in June, 1911 in what is now known as the Ogden Building on the corner of . . . — — Map (db m138947) HM|
|The Quigley-Younglove Building was constructed in 1837 by Thomas Quigley for his home and dry goods business. It is the oldest building on Fountain Square and one of the few remaining buildings on the square designed in the once popular Federal . . . — — Map (db m139229) HM|
|This immediate area was chiefly residential with commercial properties primarily located on College and Adams Streets. Sandwiched between those two major streets was a neighborhood, a place that people called home. The variety of houses built here . . . — — Map (db m139386) HM|
This African American community was founded in the 1800s. Bordered by the river and High, Ky., and 7th Sts., the area grew to include hundreds of residents, two schools, businesses, and churches. The architecture of Shake Rag . . . — — Map (db m83332) HM|
| "You triumphed over obstacles which would have overcome men less brace and determined." President McKinley
Every man a volunteer
Erected in honor of the veterans of the Spanish-American War by the Department of Kentucky . . . — — Map (db m143048) WM|
| Railroad Workers' Neighborhood
Much of downtown Bowling Green west of Louisville & Nashville tracks owes its development to the railroad and to nearby industries. Most railroad workers stayed in downtown hotels prior to the mid-1880s when . . . — — Map (db m47597) HM|
|On July 18, 1921, Standard Oil of Kentucky purchased this lot to construct Residential Filling Station No. 1. It was most likely the first filling station in the area. Standard Oil built a second station No. 2 at the corner of 12th and High Street. . . . — — Map (db m139389) HM|
| Side 1 Named for Dr. Thomas Crittenden Cherry, who was superintendent of the Bowling Green schools for 32 years (1905-37). T. C. Cherry Elem. began educating children in the fall of 1950. It housed grades K-8, which included the first . . . — — Map (db m137086) HM|
|The Barren River is the Green River's largest tributary and is named for the barrens, large treeless grasslands found along its course. The first small steamboat reached Bowling Green in 1828. A series of locks and dams completed in 1838 make the . . . — — Map (db m39665) HM|
|Four bridges have spanned the Barren River at this site. The center pylon dates from the first bridge that was built in 1838. The Confederate Army burned the 1838 wooden bridge when evacuating Bowling Green in 1862. The current bridge was built in . . . — — Map (db m39667) HM|
|Because of its important transportation routes, both armies recognized Bowling Green's strategic location during the Civil War. The city was occupied briefly by Confederate troops, who used many of the surrounding hills for fortifications. For the . . . — — Map (db m39669) HM|
|This monument created due to the efforts of George B. Payne. In 1875 Payne lived in Topeka, Kansas. During the Civil War Payne was a private in the 4th Kentucky Infantry. He served as a courier for Gen. John C. Breckinridge and spent time during . . . — — Map (db m39624) HM|
| The Hobson Home
Situated beside the Barren River and atop a hill, Atwood and Juliette Hobson's lovely Italianate style house captured the breeze as well as people's attention. Started before the Civil War, the conflict prevented the house . . . — — Map (db m148865) HM|
|The Barren River's bluffs generally consist of oolitic limestone. Subterranean erosion has resulted in a very unique karst topography which includes a proliferation of caves and sinkholes. High quality limestone was once quarried in Warren County . . . — — Map (db m39668) HM|
The Nahm Building was constructed in 1888 by Emanuel Nahm for the E. Nahm & Co. Clothing, Hats & Shoes store. It enjoyed a prime location on Main Street in Fountain Square. During the latter part of the nineteenth century, Fountain . . . — — Map (db m47600) HM|
|The river Tourist Court was operated for close to two decades following the opening of the "Underground Nite Club" in the mid-1930's. It was not uncommon for couples to spend their honeymoon in the Tourist Court which had cabins built over-looking . . . — — Map (db m143066) HM|
| Side 1
The model training school opened September 17, 1906, on College Street. It offered 4 grades for Western teacher training. In 1911 moved to future site of Cherry Hall. Grades 5-8 added by 1913. Ties to city schools severed & 9th . . . — — Map (db m138735) HM|
|The Turpin Building, constructed in 1872 for Mary Turpin, features one of Bowling Green’s finest facades. Italianate in style, it is faced with stone trademarked by the Warren County White Stone Quarry as “Bowling Green Stone”. The . . . — — Map (db m139225) HM|
| Andrew Alexander · Charles Allen · Isaiah Alley · Miles Bellowes · Richard Bettersworth · John Billingsley · William Brown · Benjamin Bryant · John Byron · William Carson · Abner Casey · Micajah Clark · John Claspill · Augustine Clayton · . . . — — Map (db m143061) WM|
|The W.L. "Gander" Terry Colonnade is named in honor of a Marion, Kentucky native, who was an excellent student and superior athlete at Western Kentucky University from 1924-1928. He was among the students who faithfully worked to convert this site . . . — — Map (db m47610) HM|
Established by Legislature, 1796, as the 24th county of Kentucky. Formed from part of Logan County. Parts of Barren, Allen, Edmonson, and Simpson counties later taken from original Warren boundaries. Named for Maj. Gen. . . . — — Map (db m83350) HM|
|The Warren County Courthouse was erected 1867-1869 at a cost of $125,000. Designed by architect D.J. Williams, the structure incorporates elements from the Greek Revival and Italianate architectural styles.
This was the third courthouse for . . . — — Map (db m139240) HM|
Warren County's Chief USA Civil War Officers
Brig. Gen. William E. Hobson, 1st Brig., 2nd Div., 23rd Corps
Col. Benj. C. Grider, 9th Ky. Inf.
Col. J. H. Grider, 52nd Ky. Inf.
Col. P. B. Hawkins, 11th Ky. Inf.
Col. Atwood G. . . . — — Map (db m83349) HM|
|Looking up College Street, one can view the cupola of Cherry Hall at Western Kentucky University. Western Kentucky University was founded in 1906 and achieved university status in 1966. Because of its unique location high above the city and . . . — — Map (db m143062) HM|
|Runner (1890~1969) planned this, first roadside park in area, 1948. Officer U.S. Army, Mexican Campaign and World War I. Employed by Highway Department in 1930; Superintendent of Roadside Improvement for this District (1947 to 1960). Dedicated . . . — — Map (db m143069) HM|
|The Williams Building, constructed circa 1880, is an archetypal nineteenth century “two-part” commercial block building. Its importance rests not in its individual distinction, but more in the quiet contribution it makes to the . . . — — Map (db m139228) HM|