“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Canadian, Texas

Clickable Map of Hemphill County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Hemphill County, TX (35) Gray County, TX (28) Lipscomb County, TX (24) Roberts County, TX (11) Wheeler County, TX (41) Ellis County, OK (0) Roger Mills County, OK (3)  HemphillCounty(35) Hemphill County (35)  GrayCounty(28) Gray County (28)  LipscombCounty(24) Lipscomb County (24)  RobertsCounty(11) Roberts County (11)  WheelerCounty(41) Wheeler County (41)  EllisCountyOklahoma(0) Ellis County (0)  RogerMillsCounty(3) Roger Mills County (3)
Location of Canadian, Texas
    Hemphill County (35)
    Gray County (28)
    Lipscomb County (24)
    Roberts County (11)
    Wheeler County (41)
    Ellis County, Oklahoma (0)
    Roger Mills County, Oklahoma (3)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 2494 — 133 Yards East to Site of Historic Cottonwood
On L south of K, on the left when traveling south.
A landmark for pioneers on military and stage road nearby, 1870-1890. Over a century old, tree measures 21 feet around. Recorded Texas Historical Landmark - 1969Map (db m153717) HM
2Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 176 — Anvil Park Ranch
On FM 2266 3.5 miles east of U.S. 60, on the left when traveling east.
Begun 1891 by blacksmith J. C. Studer who came from Kansas in 1886. His occupation inspired Anvil brand and name of ranch. Ran only purebred cattle after 1919. Drew top cattle buyers. Spread grew from two sections to 5,000 acres. Famous for . . . Map (db m153576) HM
3Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 565 — Buffalo Wallow Battle Ground
On County Route 15 1.1 miles south of Farm to Market Road 277, on the left when traveling south.
Here on September 12th, 1874 two scouts and four soldiers defeated 125 Kiowa and Comanche Indians Scouts William Dixon Amos Chapman Soldiers Sergeant ZT Woodall Co I Peter Rath Co A John Harrington Co H George W Smith . . . Map (db m71790) HM WM
4Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 697 — Canadian River Trails
On U.S. 60 north of 6th Street, on the right when traveling west.
Trade, exploration and hunting trails along the Canadian are older than recorded history—old when used 1541 by Spaniard Coronado hunting golden cities of Cibola. Route in 1840 for Josiah Gregg and 34 Missouri men with goods worth $25,000 . . . Map (db m55741) HM
5Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — Canadian River Wagon Bridge
Near U.S. 60 0.1 miles south of U.S. 83.
In 1915, Hemphill County contracted to erect a bridge to span the Canadian River. Construction of the Canadian River Wagon Bridge was completed in July, 1916. The bridge was comprised of seventeen 153.5 ft. pin-connected Parker through-truss spans; . . . Map (db m93636) HM
6Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 16310 — Cataline Cemetery
On County Rd 22 1.3 miles north of Farm to Market Road 277.
The Cataline community predates Hemphill County’s organization. Families moving to this area established the county’s first school (1885) and church (1887). A post office opened in Feb. 1887, five months before the county organized. In March 1896, . . . Map (db m154128) HM
7Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 17846 — Edith Ford Memorial Cemetery
Near North 9th Street at Houston Avenue.
Thomas T. McGee, the first sheriff of the town of Canadian, was buried in 1894 on a hill on the east side of town. There were already grave markers there dating back to 1883. McGee's widow, Mary, purchased the land and it became known as the McGee . . . Map (db m93642) HM
8Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 15855 — Eller Flat Cemetery
On County Road 28 0.8 miles north of State Highway 33, on the right when traveling north.
Also known as Prairie Dell Cemetery, this burial ground has served eastern Hemphill county since 1895, when Dora Calhoun, an infant, was interred here. George W. Little, a landowner in the then-thriving Eller Flat community, donated property for . . . Map (db m153581) HM
9Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 1619 — First Baptist Church of Canadian
On East Main Street at South 7th Street, on the right when traveling east on East Main Street.
This church was organized by seven women in 1894 with the help of the Rev. Hatcher, a Baptist minister from Amarillo. Shortly thereafter about 32 people, converted at a local revival held by the Rev. Abe Mulkey, joined the new congregation. Early . . . Map (db m55756) HM
10Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 1721 — First Church Bell
On East Purcell Avenue at South 6th Street, on the left when traveling east on East Purcell Avenue.
Bought in 1890 and placed in old Presbyterian Church, used by several faiths. Was first church bell in Canadian, Hemphill County. Congregation held suppers and other projects to repay bank loan on bell. Later bell was moved to new . . . Map (db m55768) HM
11Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 1793 — First National Bank of Canadian
On South 2nd Street (U.S. 60) at East Main Street, on the left when traveling south on South 2nd Street.
Successor to first bank in Texas Panhandle: the Traders' Bank at Canadian, organized by Henry Hamburg and Robert Moody on August 1, 1887. In 1892 Moody and D. J. Young, his son-in-law, established the Canadian Valley Bank. The two men converted it . . . Map (db m55748) HM
12Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 1917 — Fletcher and Donley Stage Station(Site 3 miles northwest)
On Farm to Market Road 277 at County Route 15, on the left when traveling east on Route 277.
A rest stop in the 1870s and 80s on military and stage line. Serviced wagon trains, buffalo hide caravans, and cattle herds. Was also mail pick-up station. Former buffalo hunter-scout Ed Fletcher ran the station. His partners were Jimmie . . . Map (db m71789) HM
13Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 1951 — Former Site of Hogtown
On FM 2266 (U.S. 60) at U.S. 60, on the left when traveling east on FM 2266.
Forerunner of town of Canadian. Sprang up, 1886, as a tent city for railroad gang working on Southern Kansas line. Named for poor appearance - like a hogpen. After landowner Sam Polland and railroad disputed price for land, line moved across . . . Map (db m153575) HM
14Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 18662 — Gageby Cemetery
On County Road 13, on the left when traveling north.
With settlers moving into the area around 1900, the community of Gageby began to grow with a school and other services. In 1944, Mr. C.G. Barker and his wife Sarah A. Barker, donated three acres for a community cemetery. Mr. Barker passed away in . . . Map (db m153571) HM
15Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 2138 — Gen. Nelson Miles Expedition(Headquarters Dugout)
On U.S. 83 5.8 miles south of Texas Highway 33, on the right when traveling south.
Indian raids brought General Miles' men to Texas in 1874 as part of U.S. Army pincer's tactic operating from a dugout post. The twelve infantry and cavalry units had supply camps on the Canadian, Red and Washita rivers. On November 8, 1874, Gen. . . . Map (db m93678) HM
16Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 2118 — Gene Howe Wildlife Management Area
On FM 2266 5.2 miles from U.S. 60, on the right when traveling east.
The Gene Howe Wildlife Management Area contains approximately 6,000 acres of upland sandhills, pastures, natural meadows and woodlands fronting the north bank of the Canadian River. Named for Eugene A. Howe, Amarillo newspaper publisher, . . . Map (db m153577) HM
17Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 2433 — Hemphill County
On U.S. 60 north of 6th Street, on the right when traveling west.
Formed from Young and Bexar Territories Created August 21, 1876 Organized July 5, 1886 Named in honor of John Hemphill, 1809-1862 First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the State of Texas Adjutant General of the Somervell . . . Map (db m55742) HM
18Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 2434 — Hemphill County Jail
On East Purcell Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
Built in 1890. First permanent public building in both town of Canadian and Hemphill County. Erected under administration of E. E. Polly, first county judge. Ironically, deception plagued construction of this jail, as building contracts were . . . Map (db m93658) HM
19Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 41 — Historic Trails58 yards west to routes of
On U.S. 60 1 mile north of Texas Highway 33, on the right when traveling south.
During the mass slaughter of buffaloes in the Panhandle, 2 trails arose to meet the needs of the hunters and their ever-hungry markets. Started about 1876, both moved vast convoys of wagons across the plains. Charles Rath—transporting gun . . . Map (db m55769) HM
20Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 2788 — John Hemphill1803 - 1862 — County named for Texas Confederate —
On East Main Street, on the right when traveling east.
This is a two-sided marker Front Side: On the eve of secession, U.S. Senator Hemphill set forth to Senate January 1861 Texas' right to secede and again became a sovereign nation. Elected delegate provisional Confederate Congress at . . . Map (db m55752) HM
21Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 2846 — Jones Mansion
On South 6th Street south of Main Street, on the left when traveling south.
Prominent area rancher Thomas Stanley Jones, a native of Wales, had this home built in 1910 for his wife, Rosalie (Whaley), and their children. Designed by Amarillo architect E. Wellington, it was the first brick residence constructed in Canadian. . . . Map (db m93647) HM
22Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 3235 — Mary B. Isaacs(1854-1950)
On South 6th Street at Bungalow Avenue, on the right when traveling south on South 6th Street.
Born in Massachusetts. Came to Texas, 1888, as Hemphill County's first public school teacher. Often saw Indians darken the schoolroom windows trying to watch her classes recite. Married Will C. Isaacs in 1892. Founder and guiding spirit of . . . Map (db m55767) HM
23Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 3450 — Moody Hotel
On South 2nd Street (U.S. 60) at West Main Street, on the right when traveling south on South 2nd Street.
In 1910 Canadian was a thriving railroad and marketing center with a Baptist Academy. English-born Robert Moody (1838-1915), a rancher, banker and trustee of the academy, decided to build a hotel that would reflect the town's prosperity. On the site . . . Map (db m55747) HM
24Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 3767 — Old Military Road(1874 - 1890)
On L south of K, on the left when traveling south.
One of earliest known Texas Panhandle trails. Flint-pierced mastodon bones show prehistoric men trailed this valley before Indians were here. In 1875, U.S. Army came this way to Fort Elliott, at Mobeetie (30 miles, southwest). Mail routes and . . . Map (db m153928) HM
25Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 47 — Quanah Parker TrailTexas Plains Trail Region
On US 60, on the left when traveling north.
Peta Nocona died of old war wound while picking wild plums on Canadian River; buried in Antelope Hills, c. 1863 Arrow Sculptor: Charles A. SmithMap (db m153570) HM
26Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 4147 — R. Dick Bussell(1845—1935)
On East Main Street east of South 4th Street, on the right when traveling east.
Famed hunter. In 1870's killed buffalo on this square; was one of the first men to hunt commercially. Came to Texas in 1874. In 1887, helped to survey the townsite here, where he became lifelong resident, operating a livery stable and wagon . . . Map (db m55750) HM
27Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 4289 — Robert R. Young(February 14, 1897 — January 25, 1958)
On U.S. 60 north of 6th Street, on the right when traveling west.
A leader in America's finance and transportation. Born here, in house built by lawyer Temple Houston, son of Republic of Texas President Sam Houston. His grandfather was traildriver, pioneer rancher; his father, president of the first bank in . . . Map (db m55743) HM
28Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 4369 — Route of Marcy Trail
On U.S. 60 0.5 miles west of U.S. 83, on the right when traveling west.
This overland route, blazed in 1849 by energetic and efficient Army Captain R. B. Marcy, was best known as part of the California Gold Trail. Starting in Oklahoma, Marcy led an expedition across the Texas Panhandle and back through central West . . . Map (db m55770) HM
29Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 2789 — Site of Lyman's Wagon Train Battle(2.5 miles south, 1.7 miles east)
On TX 33 10 miles east of U.S. 83, on the right when traveling north.
During the U.S. Army campaigns in 1874 against marauding Indians, Captain Wyllys Lyman led a wagon train to Camp Supply, Oklahoma, for rations for General Nelson A. Miles' troops on duty in Texas. On the way, Indians attacked, and the longest . . . Map (db m153580) HM
30Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 4860 — Site of Old Springer's Road Ranch(12.2 mi east)
On County Rd K 12 miles west of U.S. 60, on the right when traveling south.
First post office in Hemphill County. Unique for tunnel from dugout home-store to corral. On 1870's trail from Fort Elliott (35 miles, southwest) to Fort Supply, Indian Territory, to Fort Dodge, Kansas. Established by A. G. Springer; besides . . . Map (db m154132) HM
31Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 5336 — The Former Canadian Hospital
On North 7th Street at East Elsie Avenue, on the right when traveling north on North 7th Street.
This building, now a residence, was Canadian's first hospital, opened on June 16, 1917. Funds for construction were obtained by public subscription. Dr. H. C. Caylor, first owner, sold to Dr. L. V. Dawson in 1920. From 1924 to 1949, Dr. E. H. Morris . . . Map (db m55755) HM
32Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 5505 — Tom T. McGee(Sept. 13, 1849 - Nov. 24, 1894)
Near North 9th Street at Houston Avenue.
Came to Canadian about 1884. Was foreman on Po Ranch prior to election as first sheriff of Hemphill County, 1887 - year city of Canadian was founded. Nov. 23, 1894, in gun fight with 6 men attacking large shipment of money at Wells, Fargo & Co., . . . Map (db m93644) HM
33Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 5668 — W.C.T.U. Building
On East Main Street at South 5th Street, on the right when traveling east on East Main Street.
Only structure in the nation built, owned and still operated by a local chapter of Women's Christian Temperance Union. Built 1911, with financing and upkeep from annual bazaars held since 1906. Also, used by public library and civic groups. . . . Map (db m55753) HM
34Texas (Hemphill County), Canadian — 17279 — Washita Cemetery
On Farm to Market Road 277 0.5 miles east of U.S. 83, on the left when traveling east.
This community burial ground is the primary remaining historic evidence of the Washita community. Anglo pioneers began to settle the area in the late 1870s and early 1880s. As the community grew, members established a school, church, and a post . . . Map (db m93679) HM
May. 5, 2021