Historical Markers and War Memorials in Capitol Hill, District of Columbia
Washington and Vicinity
Washington(2253) ► ADJACENT TO WASHINGTON Montgomery County, Maryland(702) ► Prince George's County, Maryland(582) ► Alexandria, Virginia(344) ► Arlington County, Virginia(415) ► Fairfax County, Virginia(686) ►
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Dedicated by Maryland State Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, April 21, 1934. Growing on land that was once a part of Maryland and was in 1790 her gift to the United States of America for the national capitol, the 31 trees in this group . . . — — Map (db m186804) HM
In celebration of the 200th anniversary of the U.S. Botanic Garden's original 1820 charter, the Garden has collaborated with renowned artist Patrick Dougherty to create a custom sculpture to stand throughout the 2020 celebratory year. Over three . . . — — Map (db m198328) HM
Since 1936 Friendship House, across the street, has operated an array of social service programs from this grand Federal style house, also known as "The Maples." Friendship House is the city's oldest such agency. It was founded in 1904 by . . . — — Map (db m166999) HM
The buildings near this corner were built during a wave of private development that began after the United States won the Spanish-American War in 1898, and became a world power for the first time. As America flexed its muscles, the world — . . . — — Map (db m130725) HM
On March 3, 1869, President Andrew Johnson signed the Congressional Act chartering The Masonic Mutual Relief Association that became Acacia Life Insurance Company
Built as its headquarters and occupied by Acacia until 1997, the building . . . — — Map (db m186817) HM
Of this House
The oldest part is one of the earliest buildings in this region.
Robert Sewall bought the property and enlarged the house in 1799, and rebuilt and greatly altered it after war damage in 1814.
Residence and office of . . . — — Map (db m69271) HM
The large building that wraps around this corner was constructed as a department store in 1892 by Elizabeth A. Haines. She proudly advertised it as "the largest store in the world, built, owned and controlled by a woman." Back then extended . . . — — Map (db m130726) HM
The Presbytery of the Potomac organized the Capitol Hill Presbyterian Church on April 11, 1864 and installed its organizing pastor, the Reverend John Chester, D.D.
This gothic style building was designed by Washington architect Emil . . . — — Map (db m116128) HM
Constructed in 1879-1880 , the Summerhouse offers visitors a shaded place to rest, admire views of the Capitol, and have a drink of water. Olmstead's principal architectural assistant Thomas Wisedell, was the designer. The . . . — — Map (db m111446) HM
Constructed in 1879-1880 , the Summerhouse offers visitors a shaded place to rest, admire views of the Capitol, and have a drink of water. Olmstead's principal architectural assistant Thomas Wisedell, was the designer. The . . . — — Map (db m111468) HM
General Plan for the Improvement of the U.S. Capitol Grounds
by Frederick Law Olmsted, 1874
Following the extension of the Capitol in the 1850s-1860s, the grounds were enlarged in 1872. In 1874 Congress commissioned Frederick Law . . . — — Map (db m186819) HM
General Plan for the Improvement of the U.S. Capitol Grounds
by Frederick Law Olmsted, 1874
Following the extension of the Capitol in the 1850s-1860s, the grounds were enlarged in 1872. In 1874 Congress commissioned Frederick Law Olmsted to . . . — — Map (db m186859) HM
The Robert A. Taft Memorial Carillon
Sculpture by Wheeler Williams
Architecture by Douglas W. Orr, 1959
The memorial consists of a 100-foot Tennessee marble tower and a 10-foot bronze statue of Senator Taft. The twenty-seven . . . — — Map (db m111460) HM
The Peace Monument
By Franklin Simmons, 1878
The Peace Monument, also called the Naval Monument, was erected to commemorate the naval deaths at sea during the Civil War. at the top of the 44-foot monument, Grief, sometimes called . . . — — Map (db m186860) HM
U.S. Botanic Garden
Architecture by Bennett, Parsons & Frost, 1933
Easily recognized by the sparkling glass dome of its Conservatory, the U.S. Botanic Garden, overlooking the National Mall, is located near the U.S. Capitol. Visitors . . . — — Map (db m110445) HM
The Peace Monument
By Franklin Simmons, 1878
The Peace Monument, also called the Naval Monument, was erected to commemorate the naval deaths at sea during the Civil War. At the top of the 44-foot monument, Grief, sometimes called . . . — — Map (db m110449) HM
was located at the southwest corner of Eleventh Street & North Carolina Avenue
Razed early 1970s
Drawing of entrance on North Carolina Avenue based on plans at the National Archives
B.F. Meyers (1865-1940), . . . — — Map (db m128222) HM
When the Southeast-Southwest Freeway above you was constructed along the route of Virginia Avenue in the 1960s, houses and businesses were destroyed and hundreds of residents were relocated.
Fashionable dwellings (included the home of . . . — — Map (db m184999) HM
This is Christ Church, Washington Parish, the first Episcopal church established in Washington City (1794), and attended by Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams.
At first Christ Church met in a nearby tobacco warehouse. In . . . — — Map (db m130727) HM
The home/music studio of John Esputa, Jr., once occupied part of the site of 507 Eighth Street across the street. Among Esputa’s students was John Philip Sousa, whose irresistible marches made him one of America’s first musical superstars. By . . . — — Map (db m186861) HM
This residence was designed by architect Appleton P. Clark, Jr. and built in 1891 for Daniel Birtwell. In 1900, George Bruce Cortelyou occupied the house when he became secretary to President McKinley. Cortelyou continued to serve in public office . . . — — Map (db m69292) HM
Daniel Burnham, 1908
Designed in the Beaux-Arts style, this was the world's largest train station when it opened - the station and terminal zone originally covered approximately 200 acres and included 75 . . . — — Map (db m8442) HM
The original Library of Congress occupied a room in the U.S. Capitol. When British troops burned the Capitol in 1814, the collection was destroyed. After the war Thomas Jefferson helped re-establish the library by selling to Congress at a . . . — — Map (db m80848) HM
Established by order of President Thomas Jefferson 1805, this building constructed 1873, designed by Adolf Cluss, additions 1907-8 by Snowden Ashford.
Eastern Market, one of three public markets proposed in L’Enfant’s Plan, was established in . . . — — Map (db m20358) HM
Ebenezer United Methodist Church is Capitol Hill’s oldest independent Black congregation.
Ebenezer UMC was founded in 1827 by African Americans who left a biracial church on Capitol Hill because the White congregants practiced segregation. The new . . . — — Map (db m30053) HM
The first public school for colored children of the District of Columbia. Named Little Ebenezer and located within the boundaries of the Capitol Hill Historic District. Designated a Category II Landmark by the Joint Committee on Landmarks April 29, . . . — — Map (db m116119) HM
America’s oldest navy and marine installations are just blocks from where you are standing.
This is the northern edge of a Capitol Hill community shaped by the presence of the U.S. military. Eighth Street is its commercial center. The . . . — — Map (db m130729) HM
“[The British] put a slow match to the [Sewall] house … and those rockets burst until … they made the rafters fly East and West.” — Enslaved African American diarist and eyewitness, Michael Shiner.
As the British . . . — — Map (db m87856) HM
This house belongs to and is for the use of the people of the State of Florida. Through their contributions the building was purchased and renovated to create Florida house, the first state house in the Nation’s Capital. It is dedicated to all . . . — — Map (db m113706) HM
Orator - Publisher - Statesman
Precursor of the Civil Rights Movement
An ex-slave who rose to world renown as an abolitionist and who served in high government posts under presidents Grant through Cleveland, Frederick Douglass resided in this . . . — — Map (db m69264) HM
In grateful memory of Abraham Lincoln. This monument was erected by the Western Sanitary Commission of Saint Louis, Mo., with funds contributed solely by emancipated Citizens of the United States declared free by his Proclamation, January 1st . . . — — Map (db m41617) HM
From June to December 1917 members of the National Woman's Party were imprisoned for picketing the White House to publicize the struggle to win the vote for Women. Those incarcerated in the District of Columbia's workhouse in Occoquan, Virginia . . . — — Map (db m71336) HM
In 1866 the Navy completed the hospital you see across the street to treat injured and ailing seamen. With beds for 50, it included the carriage house/stable and cast-iron fence and (around the corner) the gazebo. Its front door originally . . . — — Map (db m130732) HM
Here were the lots acquired on October 3, 1798 by General George Washington and on which he built two brick dwellings from designs by Dr. William Thornton. A dwelling remodeled from the two dwellings was owned and occupied by Admiral Charles Wilkes . . . — — Map (db m181817) HM
in Moorish Revival Style
William S. Plager
Photo: circa 1926
Library of Congress
in Art Deco Style
Mihran Mesrobian . . . — — Map (db m134068) HM
You are standing in one of Washington’s remaining inhabited alleys, behind the buildings that face G, E (there is no F Street here), Sixth and Seventh streets. In 1897 the alley had 22 tiny dwellings sheltering well over 100 people. Today six . . . — — Map (db m130734) HM
(Front):James A. Garfield 1831 - 1881 (Left):Major General USV, Member of Congress, Senator and President of the United States of America. (Right):Erected by his comrades of the Society of the Army of the Cumberland May 12 . . . — — Map (db m18602) HM
[Panel 1 of the historical narrative at memorial entrance]:
On February 19, 1942, 73 days after the United States entered World War II, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 which resulted in the removal of 120,000 . . . — — Map (db m40541) HM
Stars and Stripes Forever,
and other famous marches,
was born in this house
on November 6, 1854
Restored 1960-1 Randall C. & Jaquire D. . . . — — Map (db m39264) HM
Executive Director of
Market 5 Gallery and Kuumba Center
at Eastern Market
John Harrod directed Market 5 Gallery and the Kuumba Center after Mayor Walter E. Washington started a neighborhood arts initiative in each ward of . . . — — Map (db m116126) HM
You are standing across from Marion Park, named for Francis Marion, the celebrated South Carolina state senator (1782-1790) who earned the moniker "Swamp Fox" for his brilliant stealth tactics against the British during the Revolutionary War. . . . — — Map (db m130735) HM
Limestone of Lost Legacies is a mural project to memorialize five teens who lost their lives to gun violence in the 2017-2018 school year in the District of Columbia. The five lives being commemorated are a snapshot of the widespread epidemic of . . . — — Map (db m152722) HM
As our nation celebrated its 200th anniversary in 1976, Ebenezer United Methodist Church celebrated 138 years of service to God, humanity, country, home, and community. This model is a replica of Little Ebenezer, the frame church that stood on this . . . — — Map (db m116122) HM
Mary McLeod Bethune
Let her works praise her.
I leave you love. • I leave you hope. • I leave you the challenge of developing confidence in one another. • I leave you a thirst for education. • I leave you a . . . — — Map (db m5505) HM
This is Eastern Market, where for more than a century farm products have drawn shoppers from the neighborhood and around the city. It is Washington's only 19th-century market to remain in continuous operation to this day.
Eastern Market . . . — — Map (db m130736) HM
(Inscription, south face of monument base:)
Sacred to the memory of
Nathanael Greene, Esquire,
a native of the State of Rhode Island
who died on the 19th of June 1786 -
late Major General in the service of the U.S. . . . — — Map (db m30771) HM
On your left is Marine Barracks Washington, D.C., the oldest continuously manned post in the U.S. Marine Corps. The installation was originally designed by architect George Hadfield in 1801 with a central parade ground and housing for 500 . . . — — Map (db m130737) HM
Providence Hospital was located on this site during the years 1861 through 1956. Founded in 1861 by the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul from Emmitsburg, Maryland. The Hospital was chartered by an Act of Congress in 1864.
During . . . — — Map (db m116116) HM
This Skystream 3.7 residential turbine is a new generation of wind generator that hooks directly to your home to reduce or eliminate your monthly electric bill. It’s designed to provide quiet, clean electricity in very low winds. How can a wind . . . — — Map (db m49642) HM
You are looking at a Windspire, a vertical-axis wind turbine that generates electricity from wind power. This model produces about 2,000 kWh of electricity a year in an area with average wind speeds of 12 mph (about ¼ the needs of the average . . . — — Map (db m49643) HM
Residence of Albert Gallatin, Peace Negotiator and Secretary of the Treasury 1801-1814, who negotiated the treaty of Ghent, 1814. When the British marched on Washington in the summer of 1814, some American patriots with Commodore Joshua Barney and . . . — — Map (db m61571) HM
West side of marker
This memorial to
Robert A Taft
presented by the
people to the Congress
of the United States
stands as a tribute,
to the honesty
and high principles of
. . . — — Map (db m111449) HM
Stuart-Hobson Middle School, one block to the east of this sign, was built in 1927 on the site of an old brewery, one of nearly two dozen that operated in DC after the Civil War. Almost all of the breweries were run by German immigrants who . . . — — Map (db m71681) HM
[National Register Plaque:]
St. Mark's Church
Congregation established, 1867
Church construction begun, 1888
Listed in the
National Register of Historic Places by the
United States Department of the Interior
in 1973 . . . — — Map (db m116130) HM
If you are hearing the ringing tones of band music, one of the ensembles of the world-famous United States Marine Band may be practicing inside the Marine Barracks.
John Philip Sousa, the neighborhood’s most famous son, spent 19 years . . . — — Map (db m130738) HM
This is the western edge of what once was the rough, working-class Swampoodle neighborhood.
In the early days the marshy Tiber Creek ran between what are now North Capitol and First Streets, NE. Legend has it that lingering rain puddles . . . — — Map (db m130581) HM
The U.S. Capitol was the British troop's first target when they arrived in Washington on August 24, 1814, only hours after their afternoon victory at the Battle of Bladensburg. The invaders fired rockets through the Capitol's windows. When the . . . — — Map (db m80844) HM
The Reserve Officers Association of the United States was founded in 1922 by combat veterans of World War I at the request of their commander, General of the Armies John "Black Jack" Pershing. The Association holds a Congressional Charter to enhance . . . — — Map (db m129667) HM
In 1986 President Ronald Reagan signed legislation creating the rose as the national floral emblem for the United States. Plans then got underway to find a site to showcase roses in the nation's capital.
The U.S. Botanic Garden (USBG) was . . . — — Map (db m110456) HM
July 4, 1815
The cornerstone of the Old Brick Capitol
built by Washington citizens
to house the Congress
was laid on this site.
The Congress met here from December 13, 1815
through March 3, 1819.
President Monroe was inaugurated here . . . — — Map (db m39411) HM
This site has been associated with Navy medicine since 1800 when an apothecary shop located here provided medical services to sailors and marines from the nearby Navy Yard and Marine Barracks.
Naval Hospital, . . . — — Map (db m127966) HM
The Sewall-Belmont House & Museum, one of the oldest residential properties on Capitol Hill, has been the historic headquarters of the National Woman's Party since 1929. Named after Robert Sewall, the original owner of the site, and Alva . . . — — Map (db m70955) HM
Out of the past so great
to build a greater future
in honor and memory
of the Veterans of all America's wars
who by their service kept the
Torch of Freedom
this monument is dedicated by
Veterans of Foreign Wars of the . . . — — Map (db m116132) WM
“Although a soldier by profession, I have never felt any sort of fondness for war, and I have never advocated it, except as a means of peace,” General Ulysses S. Grant.
Hiram Ulysses Grant, mistakenly listed as Ulysses Simpson . . . — — Map (db m29459) HM
The United States Botanic Garden (USBG), established by the Congress in 1820 is one of the oldest botanic gardens in North America. It is a living plant museum dedicated to demonstrating the aesthetic, cultural, economic, . . . — — Map (db m110451) HM
One of the icons of world architecture, the U.S. Capitol has been the meeting place of Congress since 1800. President George Washington laid the cornerstone on September 18, 1793. While under construction, the the building was . . . — — Map (db m111467) HM
General Plan for the Improvement of the U.S. Capitol Grounds by Frederick Law Olmstead, 1874
Following the extension of the Capitol in the 1850s-1860s, the grounds were enlarged in 1872. In 1874 Congress commissioned Frederick Law Olmstead . . . — — Map (db m27891) HM
Victory Gardens, also called War Gardens, were planted both at private residences and on public land during World War I and World War II to reduce the pressure on the public food supply brought on by the war effort. The AOC donates . . . — — Map (db m134090) HM
The AOC has recreated a War Garden as it would have been during World War I. Materials, planting schedules and methods such as companion planting and succession planting, have been adopted from period publications. The vegetables are . . . — — Map (db m111462) HM
In March 1917, the National War Garden Commission urged Americans to help its starving allies in Europe by planting vegetables on lands not generally used for gardening. Civilians across the country pitched in, converting every available . . . — — Map (db m111463) HM