“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Castalian Springs, Tennessee

Clickable Map of Sumner County, Tennessee and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Sumner County, TN (110) Davidson County, TN (936) Macon County, TN (48) Robertson County, TN (39) Trousdale County, TN (10) Wilson County, TN (67) Allen County, KY (17) Simpson County, KY (31)  SumnerCounty(110) Sumner County (110)  DavidsonCounty(936) Davidson County (936)  MaconCounty(48) Macon County (48)  RobertsonCounty(39) Robertson County (39)  TrousdaleCounty(10) Trousdale County (10)  WilsonCounty(67) Wilson County (67)  AllenCountyKentucky(17) Allen County (17)  SimpsonCounty(31) Simpson County (31)
Gallatin is the county seat for Sumner County
Castalian Springs is in Sumner County
      Sumner County (110)  
      Davidson County (936)  
      Macon County (48)  
      Robertson County (39)  
      Trousdale County (10)  
      Wilson County (67)  
      Allen County, Kentucky (17)  
      Simpson County, Kentucky (31)  
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1Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — A Frontiersman Settles in the WildernessBledsoe's Fort Historical Park — Site of Bledsoe's Fort, 1783-1806 —
Isaac Bledsoe discovered the salt lick that bears his name in 1772. His and other explorers' reports of the rich land and game brought settlers to this area despite the dangers. Discovering the Salt Lick Isaac Bledsoe looked on a great . . . Map (db m149923) HM
2Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — A Pioneer Cemetery
This is one of the oldest cemeteries in Sumner County. Typical of the early cemeteries of the area, pioneers, known and unknown, are buried here in boxed vaults, and in graves marked by engraved headstones and by simple field stones. The . . . Map (db m180307) HM
3Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — A Typical Settler's CabinBledsoe's Fort Historic Park — Nathaniel Parker Cabin, ca. 1785 —
This sturdy log house was the home of Nathaniel Parker and his family. It originally stood about three miles north of here, in the neighborhood of Greenfield, one of the eight fortified stations built in the Bledsoe's Creek area in the middle and . . . Map (db m184865) HM
4Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Bledsoe Monument
Col. Anthony Bledsoe Born in Culpepper Co. VA, 1733 Killed by Indians about 200 yards west from this spot, July 20, 1788. and his wife, Mary Ramsey Bledsoe Born in Augusta Co. VA, 1734 Died in Sumner Co. Tenn, 1808 Col. Issac . . . Map (db m180309) HM
5Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — 3B 38 — Bledsoe's Fort and Monument
1/10 mi. N.W. is Bledsoe monument, marking gravesites of Revolutionary War veterans Anthony Bledsoe and brother Isaac, long hunters and early explorers in this area. Among early settlers in this region both were active in the civil and military . . . Map (db m82967) HM
6Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Bledsoe's Fort Historical ParkSite of Bledsoe's Fort, 1783-1806
Bledsoe's Fort Historical Park preserves the site of the settlement founded by Isaac Bledsoe in 1780. The frontier fort was occupied continuously from 1783 to 1806. A Settlement in the Wilderness Isaac Bledsoe first came to this area . . . Map (db m149922) HM
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7Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Bledsoe's Fort, 1783-1806
Digging into the Past Historic documents and archaeological excavations conducted by Dr. Kevin Smith, Middle Tennessee State University, have revealed a great deal about Bledsoe's Fort. The Bledsoe family built the first cabins about 1783. . . . Map (db m183318) HM
8Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Bledsoe's LickIce Age to World War II
The historical significance of the Bledsoe's Lick-Castalian Springs area extends far beyond Isaac Bledsoe's choice of this site for his settlement. It includes: • Evidence of animal life in the ice age 30,000 years ago. • Artifacts left by . . . Map (db m180177) HM
9Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — 3B 5 — Bledsoe's Lick
The spring to the north was a rendezvous for salt-seeking game in the pre-pioneer days. First settlers came in 1779. In 1787, Isaac and Anthony Bledsoe and their families settled here. The two brothers were killed by Indians and are buried in the . . . Map (db m68469) HM
10Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — CragfontUnion Occupation
Cragfont was the home of Confederate Maj. George W. Winchester (1822-1878), his mother, Susan Winchester, his wife, Malvina H. Gaines, and their children. Their surviving letters and diaries describe life during Union occupation. George . . . Map (db m68465) HM WM
11Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Cragfont
(Inside star) N.S. U.S.D. 1812 (lower plaque) Cragfont Home of Gen. James WinchesterMap (db m178554) HM WM
12Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — 3B 7 — Cragfont
0.7 mile north, the home of James Winchester, built by artisans from his home state of Maryland and completed in 1802. He was a War of 1812 brigadier general, and in association with General Andrew Jackson and Judge John Overton was one of Memphis' . . . Map (db m82968) HM WM
13Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Fighting for a Way of LifeBledsoe's Fort Historical Park — Site of Bledsoe's Fort, 1783-1806 —
The Cumberland Valley was once a shared Native American hunting ground, open to all and occupied by none. The arrival of Euro-American settlers upset that balance and ended in war. A Shared Hunting Ground When the first long hunters . . . Map (db m149924) HM
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14Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — 3B 36 — General William Hall
Revolutionary War veteran Major William Hall settled in this area in 1785 and built a station, 1 1/4 miles northeast. He and two sons were massacred a few years later. Born in North Carolina in 1775, General William Hall, his son, served in the . . . Map (db m68471) HM WM
15Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Hawthorne HillBirthplace of William B. Bate
William Brimage Bate was born here in 1826, and during the Civil War he rose to the rank of major general. He left home at the age of sixteen to be a clerk on a steamboat. During the Mexican War, he served as a lieutenant, then became a journalist, . . . Map (db m82969) HM WM
16Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Hugh Rogan
Known for honor and courage. One of the "Immortal Seventy". Born in Ireland 1747. Lived and died at Rogana 1813. Wife Ann Duffy 1757-1839. In honor of Revolutionary War Patriot Hugh Rogan Signer - Cumberland Compact, 1780 15 . . . Map (db m180302) HM
17Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Isaac Bledsoe
Isaac Bledsoe, a Virginian, explored the Cumberland territory as a longhunter, and in 1772, while on a hunting expedition with Kasper Mansker, he discovered the salt and sulphur water springs now known as Bledsoe's Lick, approximately one quarter . . . Map (db m183320) HM
18Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — 3B 28 — Morgan and JohnsonAugust 20, 1862
Moving east along this road, Col. John H. Morgan, with the 2nd Kentucky Cavalry and attachments, met Brig. Gen. R.W. Johnson's task force of the 2nd Ind. Cavalry, 4th and 5th Kentucky Cavalry and 7th Pa. Cavalry. In a fight which covered about seven . . . Map (db m149920) HM
19Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Nathaniel Parker, Hunter and ExplorerBledsoe's Fort Historic Park — Nathaniel Parker Cabin, ca. 1785 —
Nathaniel Parker was a seasoned outdoorsman when he came to the Cumberland Valley to hunt and explore. After several forays to this area, he returned to Sumner County with his family. Veteran of the French and Indian War Nathaniel . . . Map (db m184863) HM
20Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Rogana
Hugh Rogan was born in 1747 in Glentourn, County Donegal, Ireland. In adulthood, Rogan served under the patriot of Gratton and when his chief's Cause failed, he fled to America in 1775 fearing arrest by the British. After a short time spent in . . . Map (db m180159) HM
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21Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Site of Bledsoe's Fort
Isaac Bledsoe's Fort was one of eight Cumberland settlements named in the Compact of Government created in 1780 by the pioneers who first came into the Cumberland Valley and settled this land. They were the vanguard of the “great leap westward". . . . Map (db m183319) HM
22Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — The Nathaniel Parker Log Cabin
This is one of the earliest log cabins in Sumner County dating to circa 1790, originally built near Greenfield Fort by Nathaniel Parker who was a long hunter and settler. During the French and Indian War, he served with George Washington and was . . . Map (db m184862) HM
23Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Thomas Sharpe Spencer Memorial
On this spot stood the hollow sycamore tree in which Thos. Sharpe Spencer spent the winter of 1778-79., deserted by his companions for fear of Indians. Spencer helped build at Bledsoe’s Lick, 50-yds. south of this spot, the first cabin in middle . . . Map (db m68468) HM WM
24Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — Unsettled and Dangerous YearsBledsoe's Fort Historic Park — Nathaniel Parker Cabin, ca. 1785 —
Nathaniel Parker settled here during a volatile time. He successfully survived those dangerous years, eventually replacing this cabin with a brick house. A Good Friend is Lost Nathaniel Parker was close to fifty-five years old when he . . . Map (db m184864) HM
25Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — 3B 18 — William Brimage Bate
Born 1.2 miles north, Oct. 7, 1826. An officer in river steamboats in early life, he was later an officer in the Mexican War. A major general in the Confederate Army of Tennessee. He was Governor of Tennessee from 1883 to 1887 and U.S. Senator from . . . Map (db m149921) HM
26Tennessee (Sumner County), Castalian Springs — WynnewoodChanging Allegiances
Col. Alfred Royal Wynne (1800-1893) was a trader and merchant in Castalian Springs. In 1828, he built this stagecoach inn along the Knoxville road. Although Wynne was a slaveholder and a Democrat, he also was a staunch Unionist and strongly opposed . . . Map (db m82970) WM
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Dec. 6, 2022