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In 1851, the Haight family of Sully and other neighbors were looking forward to the railroad coming to the western part of Fairfax County. With the proposed railroad close by, they could have quickly moved their farm products at the port town of . . . — — Map (db m198302) HM
Sully's preserved stories, buildings and landscapes give testament to the talent and work of the enslaved community who lived here 250 years ago. The 777-acre farm owned by Richard Bland Lee required many hands to be successful. From historic . . . — — Map (db m198258) HM
This strong timber that is resistant to rot was used to help build Jamestown when the colonists first arrived. It was also used on the ships that early American's used for the navy ships that fought in the War of 1812. It was believed to . . . — — Map (db m198297) HM
This tall, stately tree was very valuable to both the Native Americans and early Colonists. The edible nut it produces is encased in a hard shell that is surrounded by a green fleshy husk. The entire nut was used for many different things, such . . . — — Map (db m198292) HM
This evergreen shrub is not really a tree even though it can grow to 20 feet high. It is highly adaptable to different soils and grows slowly. It was often used in the past as it is used today – a hedge for around a garden or as topiary. Since the . . . — — Map (db m198277) HM
Many people owned this mill, but none were named Cabell.
Willoughby Newton first built a mill here in 1746. Lane, Love, Harrington, Britton, and Triplett followed before Edward Caple purchased the property in 1846. Caple ground corn, . . . — — Map (db m191608) HM
The community of Chantilly, Virginia was named after the Chantilly mansion built by Charles and Cornelia Calvert Stuart on this site about 1817. The name “Chantilly” originated in France with the Château de Chantilly, just north of Paris. Cornelia’s . . . — — Map (db m53620) HM
This road, along which many of his skirmishes took place, is named for Colonel John Singleton Mosby, commander of the 43rd Battalion of Confederate Partisan Rangers. Their activities in this area helped keep the Confederate cause alive in Northern . . . — — Map (db m2669) HM
In the 18th century, John Cross was a tenant farmer the Robert Carter, Jr.'s Piney Ridge land grant. His son Benjamin Cross, a slave owner and War of 1812 veteran, bought 550 acres from Carter heirs in 1835. The farm produced Indian corn, wheat, . . . — — Map (db m198325) HM
This smaller, dainty tree had many uses in the past. Along with using it for firewood, the bark of this tree was used to provide relief from headaches or muscle strains, asthma, or fevers. During the Civil War, when supplies of quinine (which was . . . — — Map (db m198293) HM
This common tree easily grows anywhere it possibly can. Many abandoned homesteads are taken over by this plant. It also can spread cedar – apple rust that affects the fruit of trees like apples, pears, and quince, which were popular fruits grown . . . — — Map (db m198279) HM
Archaeologists found a foundation of a small house. Most likely tenant farmers lived here in the mid-1800s when the Haight family owned Sully. Unlike enslaved laborers, tenant farmers worked and lived on the land and paid rent to the owner. . . . — — Map (db m198300) HM
The Society was founded in 2006 to celebrate and preserve the history of the North American Aviation (NAA) F-100 "Super Sabre" and the people who flew and operated it through the aircraft's lifetime, during a critical period of the Cold . . . — — Map (db m143127) HM
Dedicated to all the F-86 pilots who, though heavily outnumbered, battled for and took control of the air over North Korea during the Korean War.
When the first MiG-15s appeared in the skies over North Korea in late 1950, they were vastly . . . — — Map (db m143129) HM
Finding a 250-year old roadbed and the outlines of three structures was very exciting. Archaeologists found many artifacts, including animal bones and kitchen tools. The location along the roadbed and the artifacts found confirmed that a 16' by . . . — — Map (db m198276) HM
This hardy tree does not get the attention now as it probably did in the past. Its ability to withstand strong winds, heat, drought, and salt puts it as a great tree to have on a farm. Another interesting feature is that it produces small dark . . . — — Map (db m198290) HM
A Farm for Sale.
In 1801, Richard Bland Lee placed an ad in the Alexandria Advertiser and Commercial Intelligencer: "A Garden of two acres containing the most valuable fruits and plants and a spacious yard are inclosed — — Map (db m198281) HM
Alexander Haight, a Quaker who lived at Sully, feared he would be forcibly taken by the Confederate army. The Confederates were looking for able-bodied men and searching for supplies. Alexander was a suspected Union sympathizer. According to . . . — — Map (db m198299) HM
If this were the 1730's, you would be standing on a 4,142-acre parcel belonging to Major George Turberville.
Tuberville, Willoughby Newton, and Robert Carter owned most of the land in western Fairfax. In colonial Virginia that . . . — — Map (db m198326) HM
This building’s exterior is a reproduction of a tavern built on this site in 1807 by Harrison McAtee. This location, on a section of the Little River Turnpike that opened in December 1806, was advantageous for farmers conveying goods from western . . . — — Map (db m104247) HM
This building is a reproduction of a typical "Potomac Valley Farmhouse" built at this location circa 1789 by Benjamin Mitchell. It was one and a half story log house, with a sloping front roof extending over a porch, which in time became a community . . . — — Map (db m109) HM
This tree is either loved or hated by homeowners. Because it produces a dark red, black, or white sets of tiny fruit, birds easily spread this tree everywhere. The mulberry fruits were used as a food source for people by either eating it fresh, . . . — — Map (db m198291) HM
Willoughby Newton was an 18th century real estate developer.
Newton owned over 6000 acres of land, much of today’s Centreville. He sold land to entrepreneurs who opened businesses along the Mountain Road and he leased land to farmers. . . . — — Map (db m184469) HM
Take A Walk
Along the Cain's Branch Archaeological Trail
The seven panels on this 1.5-mile loop trail will guide you through clues to the past. Ruins of former buildings offer hints about the lives of the people who called Sully home . . . — — Map (db m198262) HM
Looking around the ground you will find bright orange fruits from this tree. This fruit was used to make jams, desserts, syrups and brandy along with feeding wildlife. During the Civil war the seeds were used as either a coffee substitute or to be . . . — — Map (db m198295) HM
Piedmont Aviation was incorporated in July 1940 as a general aviation sales and service company. The airline division was established in 1947 as a local service carrier. The first Piedmont Airlines flight was flown on February 20, 1948 between . . . — — Map (db m143119) HM
Richard Bland Lee (1761-1827)
First Congressional Representative for Northern Virginia to the first three Federal Congresses
A Commissioner to supervise reconstruction of the War of 1812 damaged buildings in the United States . . . — — Map (db m198261) HM
Under Richard Bland Lee's ownership, Sully transitioned from a tobacco farm into a multi-crop operation. Lee applied nutrients and crushed limestone to the worn soil, and made use of crop rotation to increase its productivity. Wheat, rye, timothy, . . . — — Map (db m129147) HM
This land was the eastern most boundary of a 3,111 acre grant, known as Salisbury Plain, acquired by Henry Lee from Thomas 6th Lord Fairfax in 1725 when it was part of the Stafford County frontier. This area became Prince William County in 1730, . . . — — Map (db m4533) HM
Most people recognize maple trees for their wonderful colors of yellow, orange or red fall leaves, however it had many uses in the past. As early as 1663, a chemist named Robert Boyle wrote about a "sweet substance" that came from this tree. . . . — — Map (db m198294) HM
The history of the house built at Sully by Richard Bland Lee in 1794 intertwines closely with that of northern Virginia. Surrounded today by acres of grassy fields, the house and its various owners witnessed many changes during the centuries. . . . — — Map (db m129146) HM
The dwelling house at Sully Plantation was built in 1794 by Richard Bland Lee on land that had been patented in 1725. Lee was the first congressman from Northern Virginia and an early member of Phi Beta Kappa. His vote brought the capital city to . . . — — Map (db m216) HM
The Alfred Judson Cross Farmhouse was built in 1905, replacing an earlier structure built by Cross's father and lost to fire earlier that year. The house was rebuilt on the same foundation using timber cut on the farm and sawn at a local mill. The . . . — — Map (db m8346) HM
The Alfred Judson Cross Farmhouse was built in 1905, replacing an earlier structure built by Cross's father and lost to fire earlier that year. The house was rebuilt on the same foundation using timber cut on the farm and sawn at a local mill. The . . . — — Map (db m198324) HM
The Distinguished Flying Cross was created by an Act of Congress in 1926. Under the initial Act, along with many military aviators and crew, a select group of civilians received the Distinguished Flying Cross for aerial achievement. These included . . . — — Map (db m143130) HM
Dedicated by the Flying Tigers of the 14th Air Force Association, who served during World War II under the command of Lieutenant General Clair Lee Chennault—famed commander of the Flying Tigers, who fought in the skies over Burma and China . . . — — Map (db m143121) HM
In 1843, not one, but two houses stood at Walney that were lived in during the nineteenth century.
In April 1843, Lewis Machen, a clerk for the United States Senate, purchased the dilapidated 725 acre farm that later became known as . . . — — Map (db m198306) HM
At the time of the Civil War, the farms of Sully and Little Sully (no longer standing) were the homes of the Barlow and Haight families respectively. These families, connected by marriage, had come to Virginia from Dutchess County, New York, and . . . — — Map (db m217) HM
In spite of adversity and limited opportunities, African Americans have played a significant role in the U.S. military history over the past 300 years. They were denied military leadership roles and skilled training because many believed they lacked . . . — — Map (db m143123) HM
This stone building was the Machen family dairy from about the 1850s until the 1890s. Originally just one room, the dairy was a place to cool milk and to make butter and cheese. Before the Civil War, Caroline Machen made butter and cheese for her . . . — — Map (db m8356) HM
The Perfect Location
The Machen’s chose this site to take advantage of the natural flow of the spring. Water was easily directed from the spring through the building and out the other side. As it passed through, the cold spring water . . . — — Map (db m8358) HM
Before the Civil War, the Machen women and a slave named Sally made butter for the family in this room every week. By 1880 the farm was making butter for commercial sale and men did the work.
In the room to your left, several . . . — — Map (db m8362) HM
These remnant pier stones provide a glimpse back to another century. The bridge across Cain's Branch provided important passage for people crossing during their journey to and from Sully on top of rural stone and mud roads.
This bridge was . . . — — Map (db m198298) HM
Fairfax County was a rural and agricultural society in the 1800s and for many homes, the barnyard was the center of activity.
Across the road, can you see a pile of stones where once stood the three story barn of Walney? Many barns in . . . — — Map (db m198323) HM
“They have a queer way of building one thing after another, the great point being to have a separate shed or out-house for every purpose…You will find a carpenter’s shop, tool room, coach-shed, pig-house, stable, kitchen, two or . . . — — Map (db m8344) HM
Emmeline Machen (at Walney) to Arthur Machen, December 1853 “As to the Ice-house I remind James of it daily and indeed almost every time I see him. … Campbell promised to come today to commence digging it, but has failed to make his . . . — — Map (db m8352) HM
Tiny seeds of invasive plants can hide in the soles of your shoes. Wiping shoes on the brush at the base of this sign helps prevent seeds from entering or leaving this natural area.
Plant Invaders from Afar
Non-native invasive . . . — — Map (db m198308) HM