“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Charles Town, West Virginia

Clickable Map of Jefferson County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Jefferson County, WV (346) Berkeley County, WV (103) Washington County, MD (836) Clarke County, VA (73) Frederick County, VA (180) Loudoun County, VA (282)  JeffersonCounty(346) Jefferson County (346)  BerkeleyCounty(103) Berkeley County (103)  WashingtonCountyMaryland(836) Washington County (836)  ClarkeCountyVirginia(73) Clarke County (73)  FrederickCounty(180) Frederick County (180)  LoudounCounty(282) Loudoun County (282)
Charles Town is in Jefferson County
      Jefferson County (346)  
      Berkeley County (103)  
      Washington County, Maryland (836)  
      Clarke County, Virginia (73)  
      Frederick County, Virginia (180)  
      Loudoun County, Virginia (282)  
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1West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — "Beallair"
Colonel Lewis Washington, who lived here, was one of the hostages captured by John Brown in 1859 in his raid on Harpers Ferry. When captured, Brown wore a sword, once owned by George Washington, taken from this home. (1 Mi. N.).Map (db m12066) HM
2West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — "Coloured" Grave Yard
On December 16, 1836, Andrew Hunter and his wife Elizabeth sold this lot to the Trustees of the City of Charles Town and their successors in office forever, for the sum of fifty dollars. This lot was intended for and always be used as a potters . . . Map (db m157734) HM
3West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — "Locust Hill"
A half mile southwest is the mansion built by John B. and Lucy Washington Packette in 1840. The center of conflict between Generals Early and Sheridan on August 21, 1864. Marks of the cannonading and musketry fire are yet visible.Map (db m157729) HM
4West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — A Brief History of the Old Presbyterian Church in Charles Town
On February 17, 1787, Charles Washington, founder of Charles Town, executed a deed granting a lot to the Board of Trustees of the Charles Town Presbyterian Church. Washington was paid 20 pounds "current money of Virginia" for the lot which was in . . . Map (db m170356) HM
5West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — African-American Schools in Charles Town, West Virginia
The first school for African-Americans in Charles Town started in December 1865 at the home of Achilles and Ellen Dixon, African-Americans who lived on Liberty Street. It was taught by Freewill Baptist Missionary Anne Dudley. Between 1868 . . . Map (db m132452) HM
6West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Brownfields to GreenfieldsTransforming a Contaminated Industrial Site to a Community Park & Nature Area
This 5.26-acre waterside community park was created through a collaborative effort by the City of Charles Town, the Evitts Run Conservancy, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the West Virginia Department of Environmental PRotection. . . . Map (db m148888) HM
7West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Cameron's Depot Engagement"What news now?" — 1864 Valley Campaign —
The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley begun in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early's Washington Raid in July. Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, defeated Early at . . . Map (db m159430) HM
8West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town
Founded in 1786 by Charles Washington, brother of the President. Here John Brown was tried and convicted of treason. Home of W. L. Wilson, Postmaster General, 1896, who here started the first rural free delivery in America.Map (db m1650) HM
9West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town Post OfficeJefferson County Jail
On the site of this Post Office stood the Jefferson County Jail where John Brown and his fellow prisoners were confined after their raid on Harpers Ferry in October 1859. After court trial John Brown was taken from the Jail here to his death on . . . Map (db m2027) HM
10West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town Schools
Following the election in 1846, Jefferson County became one of the first counties in Virginia to approve free schools for white students. Prior to that time boys and girls paid to attend private academies. The county was divided into 27 districts . . . Map (db m103644) HM
11West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Washington Hallcirca 1874 — City of Charles Town, 1786 —
Situated on one of the four corners laid out by Charles Washington. Dedicated for public use, the Hall has served as a market house, dance hall and restaurant.Map (db m148886) HM
12West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Washington's Town
You now stand in the center of a town that is almost as old as the United States, laid out on 80 acres of Washington lands in 1786 - four years before the First President took office. Charles Washington, youngest of the five brothers of the . . . Map (db m12600) HM
13West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Colonel Charles Washington
Exitus Acta Probat. 1738–1799. In Memory of Colonel Charles Washington, brother of General George Washington and founder of Charles Town, Virginia (now West Virginia) in 1786. The four corner lots at Washington and George Streets were . . . Map (db m2029) HM
14West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Confederate Soldiers of Jefferson County1861 - 1865
In honor and memory of the Confederate soldiers of Jefferson County, who served in the War Between the States.Map (db m41727) WM
15West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Davenport Brothers Revolutionary War Memorial
To the Glory of Patriotism In memory of Abraham Davenport and his wife Mary Simms. Their seven sons were soldiers of the American Revolution ——————— Stephen, Abraham, John, Marmaduke, . . . Map (db m103512) WM
16West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Edge Hill CemeteryJohn Brown Raid Victims
Edge Hill Cemetery contains the graves of Fontaine Beckham and John Avis, two participants in the saga of John Brown’s Raid in October 1859. Beckham was the mayor of Harpers Ferry then and one of four civilian casualties. Ironically, though John . . . Map (db m41672) HM
17West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Etter Hall
In 1799, prominent Charles Town resident Samuel Washington sold the two lots that house this building to James Duke, a freed indentured servant. Eventually, physician Charles Taylor Richardson took ownership of the land and property. Dr. Richardson . . . Map (db m103606) HM
18West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Etter Hall
Etter Hall is named after American Public University System's (APUS) founder, Major James P. Etter. Major Etter served in the United States Marines for twenty-one years. He served two tours in Vietnam and received two Purple Hearts. Major Etter . . . Map (db m103607) HM
19West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Explore the Washington Heritage Trail / Afoot in Historic Charles Town
Explore the Washington Heritage Trail George Washington knew the portion of the Shenandoah Valley that forms West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle well. The Washington Heritage Trail lets you drive the scenic backroads that join Charles Town to . . . Map (db m12596) HM
20West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Focus of ActionJefferson County in the Civil War
Jefferson County’s association with significant events in Civil War history began in October 1859, when abolitionist John Brown raided the U.S. Arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Quickly captured, Brown and his followers were brought here to Charles Town . . . Map (db m41671) HM
21West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Freedom's Call — (Original Marker) —
Grave of Robert Rutherford, member of committee which in 1775 replied to orders of Lord Dunmore for Virginians to join British army or be held as rebels. This defiance was a gauntlet hurled at Dunmore's feet. (1½ Mi. N. E.)Map (db m12624) HM
22West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Freedom's Call — (New Marker) —
Grave of Robert Rutherford, member of committee which in 1775 replied to orders of Lord Dunmore for Virginians to join British army or be held as rebels. This defiance was a gauntlet hurled at Dunmore's feet. (1½ Mi. NE)Map (db m12630) HM
23West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Gap View FarmWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
This working farm was established in 1750 when Thomas Lord Fairfax granted 400 acres of his 5 million-acre Northern Neck Proprietary to Henry Lloyd. In 1774, the grant passed to Walter Baker, who is credited with building the original portion of . . . Map (db m148883) HM
24West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — George Upshur Manning
. . . Map (db m103526) WM
25West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — George Washington Turner
There sleeps beneath all that was mortal of GEORGE W. TURNER Born at Wheatland in the County of Jefferson Jany. 11th 1814. Graduated at West Point 1831, and fell nobly maintaining the rights of his State at Harpers . . . Map (db m103553) HM
26West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Happy Retreat
Now called Mordington, home of Colonel Charles Washington, founder of Charles Town, Virginia (now West Virginia). His brother General George Washington often visited him here. Colonel Washington died in September 1799. He and his wife Mildred are . . . Map (db m12070) HM
27West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Harewood
Erected in 1771. The home of Colonel Samuel Washington, County Lieutenant. His brother General George Washington visited here and General Lafayette and Luis Phillipe of France were entertained here. In this house James Madison and Dolly Payne Todd . . . Map (db m1914) HM
28West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Holl's Pump1840
Famous watering site for the Union Soldiers and Horses during War between the States. Restored 1967 by Charles Town Women's Club Restored 1987 by Charles Town Women's Club, City Council & Bicentennial CommitteeMap (db m58627) HM
29West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — In Memoriam
Dedicated to the memory of men and women who served in the Armed Forces of our country.Map (db m103466) WM
30West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Iron Furnaces
Thomas Mayberry agreed in 1742 to erect iron furnaces on the property of William Vestal. Here ore was mined and iron produced for the first time west of the Blue Ridge. Washington visited the iron furnaces here in 1760.Map (db m59576) HM
31West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Jefferson County CourthouseWhere John Brown Was Tried — Visitors are Welcome. —
In this courthouse, John Brown, the abolitionist, was tried and found guilty of treason, conspiracy and murder. He was hanged four blocks from here on December 2, 1859.Map (db m1742) HM
32West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Jefferson County World War II Memorial
In honor and memory of the men and women of Jefferson County who served their country in World War II • 1701 served • 31 died •Map (db m41729) WM
33West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Brown Hanging SiteCreation of a Martyr — Prelude to War —
This is where seven men were hanged in December 1859 and March 1860 for their part in John Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry. The scaffold stood here in a large field. A month after the trial, on December 2, 1859, John Brown was the first to die. He . . . Map (db m41650) HM
34West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Brown Scaffold
Within these grounds a short distance east of this marker is the site of the scaffold on which John Brown, leader of the Harpers Ferry raid, was executed December the Second, 1859.Map (db m12603) HM
35West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Frederick Blessing
John Blessing was born in Germany and came to the United States and made his home in Baltimore, Maryland. He moved to Charles Town 1853 and purchased a large brick building on the corner of Charles and Washington Streets (Now known as the Shugart . . . Map (db m132445) HM
36West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Thomas Markerof Star Lodge #1, Charles Town
Erected by Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of West Virginia, Free and Accepted Masons, Incorporated In tribute to John Thomas Marker of Star Lodge #1, Charles Town First Most Worshipful Grand Master 1881 The Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of . . . Map (db m10645) HM
37West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Yates
Jefferson County, Virginia placed this stone originally in a schoolhouse near Shepherdstown as a tribute to · · John Yates · · The founder of the Free School System in this county Moved to its present location 1937. [ Lower Marker: . . . Map (db m41726) HM
38West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Yates Beall
Born in 1835 in Jefferson County, he joined the 2nd VA Infantry and was wounded at Bolivar Heights in October 1861. Commissioned acting master, Confederate States Navy, in 1863, he operated as a privateer. In 1864, Beall failed in a plan to free . . . Map (db m157730) HM
39West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Lock Graveyard Memorial
Lock Graveyard relocated by W.V.D.O.H. from the Flynn Farm on the north side of Harper's Ferry Pike, east of Charles Town, W.V. February 27, 1989Map (db m103493) HM
40West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Locust HillHome of Lucy Washington Packette — Built 1849 —
When George Washington surveyed his brother Samuel’s Berkeley County land in preparation for the building of Harwood, the property included a sizable portion which has since been separated from the Harwood Estate. Dr. Samuel Washington, Colonel . . . Map (db m159433) HM
41West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Major James Gibson
Major James Gibson Son of Andrew Gibson and Sarah Hopkins, was born August 10, 1776, at Lancaster, Penna. Came to Winchester, Virginia with his parents in 1779. Commissioned by Governor Cabell in 1807 Captain of Hampshire . . . Map (db m103494) HM WM
42West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Martin R. Delany
Free African-American, born 1812 in Charles Town. Died 1885. Ability to read forced family to move to PA in 1822. Studied medicine and attended Harvard in 1850. Published Mystery, first black newspaper west of Allegh. 1843-47, & co-edited . . . Map (db m12639) HM
43West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Martin Robinson Delany
Erected in tribute to Martin Robinson Delany Born free May 6, 1812 Lawrence and North Streets Charles Town, VA (W VA) Son of Samuel Delany (slave) and Patti Peace Delany (free) grandson of African prince Prince Hall Mason physician, scientist, . . . Map (db m168916) HM
44West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Martin Robison Delany
Martin Robison Delany was born in Charlestown, Virginia (now Charles Town, West Virginia) on May 6, 1812. His mother, Patti Peace was a free black woman. She married an enslaved man from Berkeley County named Samuel Delany. They had five children . . . Map (db m132450) HM
45West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — New Central Restaurant
Washington Hall, the building in which this restaurant is located, was destroyed by fire started by Union soldiers in the Civil War. It was restored by the people of Charles Town in 1874. The first floor was used as a market house from the time the . . . Map (db m2028) HM
46West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Office of Charles Washington1738 - 1799 — Founder of Charles Town, WV —
From this one-room office Charles Washington, brother of George Washington, sold lots in the City of Charles Town which he founded in 1786.Map (db m132451) HM
47West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Old Stone House / Star Lodge No. 1
Old Stone House. Star Lodge No. 1 and Queen of the Valley Lodge No. 1558, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, two African-American fraternal organizations, bought Old Stone House in 1885. Star Lodge sole owner since 1927. One of oldest extant . . . Map (db m24678) HM
48West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Richwood Hall
The original brick house was built on land owned by Lawrence Augustine Washington, the son of Samuel Washington, George’s brother. The present mansion-house, in an excellent state of preservation, was built about 1825. During the battle of Cameron’s . . . Map (db m1885) HM
49West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Ruins of St. George’s Chapel
This chapel was built by devout people of (then) Frederick Parish. Frederick County, Virginia joined Col. Robert Worthington in completing it in 1769. It was first called the English Church, then Berkeley Church, then Norborne Chapel, as the parish . . . Map (db m2026) HM
50West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Rutherford House“Go in!” — 1864 Valley Campaign —
The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley began in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early's Washington Raid in July. Union General Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, defeated Early . . . Map (db m41661) HM
51West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Samuel Washington House
Samuel Washington was the brother of George Washington, first President of the United States. Born in 1734, Samuel Washington served as Justice of the Peace, County Magistrate, County Sheriff, and parish vestryman in Stafford County, Virginia. . . . Map (db m132449) HM
52West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Sergeant Littleton Tazewell Cordell
Serg't Littleton Tazewell Cordell Mar. 22. 1882 - Oct. 23. 1918. 110th. Bat. Mach. Gun Co. 29th. Div. Blue & Gray. Killed in Action at Battle of Etraye Ridge, Argonne Forest. France. "In life loved, in death remembered" By . . . Map (db m103573) WM
53West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Site of the Execution of John Brown
Site of the execution on Dec. 2, 1859, of John Brown, leader of the raid at Harper’s Ferry.Map (db m62250) HM
54West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The Confederate Dead
Erected to the memory of the Confederate Dead April 26, 1871 by the Lee Memorial Association of Jefferson County ——————— There's grandeur in graves, there's glory in gloom For out of . . . Map (db m103464) WM
55West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The First School for "Colored" in Jefferson County
On these grounds stood the first school for "colored" in Jefferson County. In 1867, the Freedmen's Bureau established this school at the home of Achilles Dixon, a blacksmith. Its first teachers were Annie Dudley and E.H. Oliver. It remained a school . . . Map (db m132446) HM
56West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The Flagg House
The Flagg House 323 East Washington Street has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior circa 1820Map (db m157735) HM
57West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The History of White House Farm
1730 John and Isaac Van Meter, sons of Dutch immigrant Jobst Jansen Van Masteren, obtained grants for 40,000 acres in then Berkeley County, VA. from Virginia Lt. Gov. Gooch. 1731 Jost Hite, a German immigrant, purchased this land . . . Map (db m173642) HM
58West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The James H. Webb House
This stone house represents one of the earliest stone structures built and owned by free Blacks in Charles Town. It was completed in 1830 by James H. Webb. Located on what was originally known as the "The Old Highway", travelers journeying from . . . Map (db m132443) HM
59West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The Stribling Housecirca 1840
Union General Philip Sheridan used this home as his headquarters during the Civil War. On the 17th of September, 1862 Sheridan met Gen. U.S. Grant here to plan the 1864 Shenandoah Valley Campaign.Map (db m41725) HM
60West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The Trial of John BrownJefferson County Courthouse — Prelude to War —
One of the most famous trials in American history was held in this building in 1859, when John Brown and his followers faced charges of treason against Virginia, inciting slaves to rebel, and murder. Judge Richard Parker presided. The trial . . . Map (db m170247) HM
61West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Thomas Green House
Born in November 1820, in Fredericksburg, Virginia, Thomas Green relocated to Charles Town where he began practicing law in 1843. Later, he became a judge and the Mayor of Charles Town. When Judge Brown's selected legal counsel did not appear in . . . Map (db m132447) HM
62West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Two Treason Trials
Jefferson County's Most Famous Trial In the room immediately behind this wall, the abolitionist John Brown and five of his raiders were tried for treason against the state of Virginia, murder and inciting slaves to rebel. Brown had led 21 men . . . Map (db m21767) HM
63West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — West Virginia / Virginia
West Virginia. (Jefferson County). “The Mountain State”—western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French . . . Map (db m1783) HM
64West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Williams House
The Williams House was built between 1900 and 1914 by the Blum family as their private residence. After moving to Charles Town, Dr. Leah Mildred Williams, a female physician, purchased the home in 1954. Dr. Williams began her family medical practice . . . Map (db m103643) HM
65West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Zion Episcopal ChurchyardNotable Occupants
The present church, the fourth on this site, was completed in 1851. Federal troops occupied it during the Civil War and severely damaged it. The churchyard contains the graves of many Washington family descents. They are buried near the eastern . . . Map (db m41675) HM
Jan. 26, 2022