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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Charleston
Charleston, West Virginia and Vicinity
▶ Kanawha County (77) ▶ Boone County (16) ▶ Clay County (6) ▶ Fayette County (64) ▶ Jackson County (16) ▶ Lincoln County (3) ▶ Nicholas County (27) ▶ Putnam County (21) ▶ Raleigh County (22) ▶ Roane County (8)
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Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
|Earl Ray Tomblin President Senate Bob Wise Governor Robert S. Kiss, Speaker House of Delegates
By Resolution of the Seventy-Fourth Legislature
"The West . . . — — Map (db m49802) HM|
|Abraham Lincoln was elected the
16th president of the U.S. in 1860.
He received fewer than 2,000 votes
in Virginia, most from present-day West Virginia.
Lincoln preserved the Union, ended
slavery, and played the decisive
role in the admission . . . — — Map (db m137890) HM|
"Abraham Lincoln Walks At Midnight" from poem by Vachel Lindsay
Fred Martin Torrey 1884-1967
Born in Fairmont, West Virginia
June 20, 1974
Arch A. Moore, Jr. Governor
[South Side] . . . — — Map (db m23019) HM|
|In July 1861, this area swarmed with retreating Confederate troops and pursuing Federal forces. Union Gen. George B. McClelland had ordered Gen. Jacob Cox to march his 3, 000 raw Ohio recruits into western Virginia from Gallipolis, Ohio, to drive . . . — — Map (db m59146) HM|
|(Preface): Confederate Gen. Albert G. Jenkins led 550 cavalrymen on a 500 mile raid, Aug. 22-Sept. 12, 1862, attacking Federal forces, capturing prisoners, and destroying military stores. From Salt Sulphur Springs he rode along the Tygart and . . . — — Map (db m59137) HM|
|(Preface): Confederate Gen. Albert G. Jenkins led 550 cavalrymen on a 500-mile raid from Salt Sulphur Springs, Aug. 22-Sept. 12, 1862, attacking Federal forces and destroying military stores. He captured and paroled 300 Union soldiers, . . . — — Map (db m59143) HM|
| 1856 - Born a lowly slave;
1915 - Died a great American.
Famous educator, author, lecturer and advocate of the doctrine of interracial cooperation.
Booker T. Washington was born near Hale's Ford, Franklin, County, VA. He spent his . . . — — Map (db m23024) HM|
|Founded by George Clendenin and named for his father. Established, 1794. Fort Lee, built 1788, stood on Kanawha River. “Mad Anne” Bailey, the border heroine, and Daniel Boone and Simon Kenton, noted scouts, once lived here. — — Map (db m126868) HM|
|Two significant dwellings that stood elsewhere during the Civil War have been relocated to this park for public use:
Craik-Patton House. The Rev. James Craik, son of George Washington’s personal secretary, constructed this house in downtown . . . — — Map (db m59136) HM|
|Built 1834 as "Elm Grove" by James Craik, grandson of Geo. Washington's personal physician. Sold to George Smith Patton, 1858, and retained by family until end of Civil War. Born here was father of noted World War II general Geo. S. Patton. Moved to . . . — — Map (db m50419) HM|
|Across the Great Kanawha River, lived Daniel Boone, the noted frontiersman, from about 1788 to 1795. He represented Kanawha County in the Virginia Assembly, 1791; was Lieut. Col. of Virginia militia during Indian wars. — — Map (db m50466) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m50467) HM|
|This reproduction of the Liberty Bell was presented to the people of West Virginia by direction of The Honorable John W. Snyder Secretary of the Treasury
As the inspirational symbol of the United States Savings Bonds . . . — — Map (db m128488) HM|
|In 1924, ground was broken for this magnificent Georgian colonial style mansion, official home of the State's governors since 1926. Designed by W. F. Martens, it was constructed of colonial Harvard brick at an initial cost of $203,000. — — Map (db m42673) HM|
|In 1815 Captain James Wilson while drilling here for salt brine vowed he would drill to Hades if necessary. A large flow of gas was struck that ignited and burned with a huge flame, apparently fulfilling the captain's original vow. — — Map (db m50417) HM|
Saved by two historic rides for powder. Ann Bailey on horseback through wilderness to Lewisburg and return. Fleming Cobbs poled down Kanawha River to Point Pleasant and return.
This boulder is . . . — — Map (db m23013) HM|
|A western frontier outpost, guarding settlers against the Indians. Built here in 1788 and named for Gen. Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee, one of Washington's most trusted officers. Later Lee was governor of Virginia. — — Map (db m50416) HM|
|With a commanding view of the area below, present-day Fort Hill was used by both Civil War armies. The Confederate push into the Kanawha Valley in 1862 relied on artillery on the heights, and Union troops created a more permanent presence in 1863, . . . — — Map (db m137903) HM|
|Born in Fairfax County in 1804. he
came to Kanawha Valley as a child.
Secured reforms benefiting western
Virginia at 1850-51 Constitutional
Convention. Served at 1861 Peace
Conference that tried to avoid war
and voted against secession at . . . — — Map (db m137910) HM|
|A memorial dedicated to the Kanawha Riflemen stands across the road behind you, on the exact route of the James River and Kanawha Turnpike. Former Confederate Gen. John McCausland, the last surviving Confederate general officer, attended the . . . — — Map (db m126800) HM|
This memorial erected by
the Kanawha Riflemen Chapter
United Daughters of
in honor of
the Kanawha Riflemen
First organization of the company 1856
Capt. George S. Patton ∙ First Lieut. Andrew Moore ∙ . . . — — Map (db m152131) HM|
|Near this place, the army of Gen. Andrew Lewis camped, Sept. 21, 1774, enroute from Lewisburg. From Charleston, Lewis led his men by land and water to Point Pleasant where Cornstalk’s Indians were defeated, Oct. 10, 1774. — — Map (db m76824) HM|
"I direct you to have guns in readiness to fire on Charleston. If rebels come in here Charleston shall be destroyed, for it is the work of disloyal citizens." - Gen. Eliakim P. Scammon, May 112, 1863, to Col. Rutherford B. Hayes. Union . . . — — Map (db m59139) HM|
|Camp White, the main Union camp at Charleston, was located directly across the Kanawha River from here. Col. Rutherford B. Hayes, 23rd Ohio Infantry, occupied the camp and Charleston in March 1863. He ordered his men to build a fort on top of the . . . — — Map (db m59521) HM|
|West Virginia's Capitol first located in Wheeling, 1863; moved to Charleston, 1870; back to Wheeling, 1875; and finally to Charleston, 1885. It was located two miles west until destroyed by fire, 1921. Present building was completed in 1931. — — Map (db m23018) HM|
|West Virginia's Capitol first located in Wheeling, 1863; located in Charleston, 1870; again in Wheeling, 1875, and finally in Charleston, 1885. It was located 2 mi. west until destroyed by fire, 1921. Present building was completed in 1932. — — Map (db m42674) HM|
|Constructed of buff Indiana limestone and lined with Imperial Danby marble from Vermont, the State's Capitol is considered one of the world's superb examples of Italian Renaissance architecture. Designed by the internationally prominent Cass Gilbert . . . — — Map (db m42676) HM|
|West Virginia's Capitol is much traveled; Wheeling to Charleston to Wheeling and then back to Charleston, it moved. At this spot it stood from 1885 until destroyed by fire in 1921. The Capitol now stands two miles east. — — Map (db m76738) HM|
|Site of the First Permanent Jewish House of Worship in the State of West Virginia.
Temple Israel 1873 — — Map (db m134323) HM|
|Sectional differences in western and eastern
Virginia fueled resentment and political divisions
before the Civil War. The divisions soon became
irrevocable after the convention in Richmond voted
on April 17, 1861, for Virginia to secede and join . . . — — Map (db m42895) HM|
|Heart of the black community, area was the center for black business, education, religion, and social life but also had Greek, Italian, Lebanese and Syrian businesses. Many local black leaders had ties to the area, which declined due to 1960s urban . . . — — Map (db m76741) HM|
|Heart of the black community, area was the center for black business, education, religion, and social life but also had Greek, Italian, Lebanese and Syrian businesses. Many local black leaders had ties to the area, which declined due to 1960s urban . . . — — Map (db m76760) HM|
|Kanawha Boulevard has gone by various names throughout history. The Boulevard was known as Front Street when "Charles Town" was chartered in 1794. Through the years, it has been called First Street, Water Street and Kanawha Street prior to being . . . — — Map (db m85208) HM|
|Grave of Joseph Ruffner, who bought the site of Charleston from the Clendenins. His son, Daniel, built Holly Mansion on Kanawha Street in 1815. The Ruffners aided oil and gas development by improved drills used in salt wells. — — Map (db m23014) HM|
Born Jan. 21, 1824
Now West Virginia,
Died May 10, 1863
This monument first located on original state capitol grounds Sept. 27, 1910; relocated to the present . . . — — Map (db m23016) HM|
In memory of the thirty-two thousand soldiers, sailors, and marines contributed by West Virginia to the service of the Union during the Civil War 1861-1865
This monument erected A.D. 1930 by the Union . . . — — Map (db m23025) HM|
|In July 1861, this area swarmed with retreating Confederate troops and pursuing Federal forces. Union Gen. George B. McClellan had ordered Gen. Jacob Cox to march his 3,000 raw Ohio recruits into western Virginia from Gallipolis, Ohio, to drive . . . — — Map (db m59150) HM|
Montani Semper Liberi
Dedicated to the hallowed memories of the brave men and devoted women who saved West Virginia to the Union.
Presented to the state and people of West Virginia through the instrumentalities of the Grand . . . — — Map (db m23055) HM|
|Born in Kanawha County on 19 September 1892. Began work as a miner at age ten, and served as field organizer, UMWA. Noted as leader of 1921 Armed March. Indicted for treason but later acquitted. President of District 17 and vice-president of West . . . — — Map (db m23011) HM|