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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island

 
Marker background photo: Fathers of Confederation image, Touch for more information
Public Archives and Records Office of Prince Edward Island, [Acc4052/1]
Marker background photo: Fathers of Confederation
1Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A BIG Year / Une année CRUCIALE
English: 1864 was an important year in Charlottetown. The Charlottetown Conference, held in September, gave delegates from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and the colony of Canada one week to meet, share ideas, . . . Map (db m141114) HM
2Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A Centre for the ArtsUn centre des arts
English: The Confederation Centre of the Arts was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on October 6, 1964 as a living memorial to the Fathers of Confederation. Located beside Province House in Queen Square, it was designed by the . . . Map (db m149912) HM
3Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A Dutiful Citizen / Un citoyen consciencieux
English: This cannon fell off a cliff near Fort Amherst and landed in Charlottetown Harbour. Pulled from the water by Theophilus DesBrisay, it was brought into town and placed in the ground outside his family's drug store, . . . Map (db m149597) HM
4Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A Neoclassical Design / Un style néoclassique
English: A Neoclassical Design Have you ever noticed that the building's design, including features such as columns and windows, is pleasingly symmetrical? This is one of the features that make Province House a fine example of . . . Map (db m137659) HM
5Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A River of ImportanceUne rivière d’importance
English: "From the beginning, the river drew people to settle its banks and use its waters to reach the settlements..." The Hillsborough River, Elsitkuk as the Mi'kmaq would say, is the Island's largest river. It runs east . . . Map (db m149601) HM
6Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A Wet Warehouse in a Dry City / La sobriété avant tout
English: The Bonded Warehouse across the street was often at the centre of one of Charlottetown's most controversial issues: prohibition. In 1901 Prince Edward Island was the first Canadian province to make it illegal to possess, . . . Map (db m149598) HM
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7Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — All Souls’ Chapel
English: This 1888 chapel, designed by William Critchlow Harris, Jr., is a masterful example of High Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in Canada. Its robust design is distinguished by rough textures in rust-red Prince Edward Island . . . Map (db m80226) HM
8Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Andrew Archibald Macdonald1829 - 1912
English: Born at Three Rivers, Brudenell Point, Macdonald, a merchant and shipbuilder, served as a member of the Legislative Assembly (1853-58) and of the Legislative Council (1867-72). He attended the Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences . . . Map (db m80271) HM
9Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Andrew's Millpond
In 1786 John Cambridge purchased approximately 300 acres along Wright's Creek, which was then called Bird Island Creek. Around 1800 he built a 22 foot-high mill dam at the head of tide on the creek, and went on to build a saw mill, grist mill and . . . Map (db m140303) HM
10Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Angus Bernard MacEachern (1759- 1835)
Angus Bernard MacEachern (1759-1835), first Bishop of the Diocese of Charlottetown, founded St. Andrew's College, the first post-secondary institution in the colony, on 30 November 1831. In January 1855, the college was re-located and . . . Map (db m201602) HM
11Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Apothecaries Hall
English: On December 24, 1810, Thomas Desbrisay Jr. opened an apothecary shop on this site to supply drugs and medicine to the people of Prince Edward Island. Until then, many Islanders relied more on home remedies or obtained medicines . . . Map (db m80262) HM
12Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Beaconsfield Historic House / Maison historique Beaconsfield
English: Built in 1877 for James and Edith Peake, Beaconsfield was one of Prince Edward Island's most elegant homes. Featuring the finest in materials and craftsmanship, it was also equipped with all the latest conveniences of the . . . Map (db m149595) HM
13Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Beginnings of a SettlementLes débuts de la colonization
English: Across Charlottetown Harbour on the west side was the home base for the Acadians in the early years of the 1700's. It was called Port-la-Joye and Fort Amherst by the English. The Mi'kmaq called it Skma qan which . . . Map (db m149600) HM
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14Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Big Donald
This bell was affectionately known as “Big Donald” honouring Fire Chief Donald MacKinnon 1875-1879. Cast in 1875 by William Blake & Co., formerly H.W. Hooper & Co., Boston, Mass. Cracked and recast in 1877 Cracked and recast in 1884 . . . Map (db m149596) HM
15Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Birthplace of ConfederationLe Berceau de la Confédération
English: Even though it was the capital of Canada's smallest province, it took almost 100 years before Charlottetown became of strong historical importance. On August 31, 1864 the delegates began arriving for what is now referred to . . . Map (db m149905) HM
16Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Canadian National HotelsRodd Hotels & Resorts
This marker is composed of two plaques on either side of the entrance. In 1930, the Canadian National Railway (CNR) decided to build a hotel in Charlottetown, Railway hotels were the standard of comfort and service, but the new Canadian . . . Map (db m80227) HM
17Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Carvell Building
named for the Carvell family who operated a wholesale business on this site during the mid 1800s Map (db m80202) HM
18Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — CharlottetownPrince Edward Island
Samuel Holland Report Sept 14, 1767 The Capital to be called Charlotte Town is proposed to be built on a point of the harbor of Port Joy, betwixt York and Hillsborough Rivers, as being one of the best, and nearly central Parts of the . . . Map (db m207811) HM
19Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Charlottetown and Quebec Confederation of 1864Charlottetown Site — One of Two Identical Markers —
These pivotal meetings laid the groundwork for Canadian Confederation. Here in September 1864, the Charlottetown Conference brought together leaders from the colonies of Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Province of Canada . . . Map (db m200977) HM
20Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Charlottetown City HallHotel de ville de Charlottetown
English: Built in 1888, the Charlottetown City Hall is the oldest municipal hall in Prince Edward Island. Designed by Phillips and Chappell in the Romanesque Revival style often favoured for 19th-century civic buildings, it originally . . . Map (db m80230) HM
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21Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Charlottetown Railway Station
Built of Island and Wallace Sandstone, the Charlottetown railway station opened July 8, 1907. At a time when both people and goods travelled extensively by train, the station was a busy place indeed. Housing public facilities and administrative . . . Map (db m201323) HM
22Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Choices For Higher EducationLes choix d’éducation supérieur
English: Charlottetown is the home of two important educational institutions. The University of Prince Edward Island was established in April 1969. It resulted from a merger of two institutions: Prince of Wales College that began as . . . Map (db m149899) HM
23Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Colonel John Hamilton Gray1811 - 1887
English: Born in Charlottetown, a Father of Confederation, Gray served in the Imperial cavalry (1831-52) before entering politics. Elected in 1858 to represent Queen's County, he served as Premier of the province (1863-65) and played a . . . Map (db m80269) HM
24Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Confederation Centre of the ArtsCentre de Arts de la Confédération
English: Opened by Her Majesty the Queen in 1964 as Canada's National Memorial to the Fathers of Confederation, the Centre is an outstanding example of an institution dedicated to the arts. The extensive cultural complex includes a . . . Map (db m80264) HM
25Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Dundas Terrace
English: This apartment building, completed in 1890, is a handsome example of the Queen Anne Revival in Canada. Admired for its picturesque qualities, this style was popular in Canadian domestic architecture from the 1880s to the 1910s. As . . . Map (db m80207) HM
26Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Edward Palmer1809 - 1889
English: Born in Charlottetown and called to the bar in 1831, Palmer was a member of the legislature (1835-60), and of the Legislative Council (1860-73). Between 1848 and 1873 he held several cabinet posts, including that of President of . . . Map (db m80270) HM
27Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Edward Whelan1824 - 1867
English: Born in Ireland, Whelan immigrated to Halifax c. 1836 and became a protégé of Joseph Howe. As a journalist in Charlottetown be published the short- lived Palladium in 1845, became editor of the Morning News in 1846, . . . Map (db m80266) HM
28Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — George Coles1810 - 1875
English: A native Prince Edward Islander, Coles, first elected in 1842, represented the constituency of Queen's in the House of Assembly of the Island until his retirement because of ill health in 1868. Co-founder, with Edward Whelan, of . . . Map (db m80273) HM
29Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Great George Street Historic DistrictL’arrondissement Historique de la rue Great George
English: Great George Street is richly evocative of both its 18th-century origins and its subsequent development as one of Charlottetown's principal streets. Clearly focused to Province House, the seat of Island government and the . . . Map (db m80200) HM
30Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Heralded Arrival… of the CircusL’arrivée tant attendue… du cirque
English: When a large steamer anchored in Charlottetown Harbour in 1864, few took notice of it or the politicians aboard. Charlottetown was preoccupied with another visitor to its little town: the circus. Drawing huge crowds and filling . . . Map (db m80199) HM
31Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Hillsborough BridgeCharlottetown, Prince Edward Island
The first Hillsborough Bridge was constructed as a railway link to the southeastern part of the Island, although it was also a carriage bridge, too. The steel structure consisted of 12 spans. To facilitate river traffic it had a swing span over the . . . Map (db m80184) HM
32Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Impulsive Ambush / Une attaque impulsive
English: In 1775, privateers from the American Colonies launched their first attack on foreign soil. Disobeying the orders of General George Washington, these respected Captains descended on an unsuspecting, unarmed Charlotte Town. . . . Map (db m149599) HM
33Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Keeping the City GreenUne ville verte
English: Charlottetown has been working on its beautification for well over 150 years. On Arbor Day May 24, 1884 more than 300 trees were planted in the squares and along the streets. The tradition continues. Our trees are . . . Map (db m149902) HM
34Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Making History in 1864L'histoire en marche en 1864
English: The Colonial Building, now known as Province House, is in the middle of Queen Square. It was the prime location for the meetings of the Fathers of Confederation in 1864. The building was officially opened on January 26, . . . Map (db m149910) HM
35Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Open Green Spaces in the CityLes espaces verts au cœur de la ville
English: Victoria Park, at the west end of the city, was vested by the Crown to the City of Charlottetown in 1873. The 40 acres of land presents a gentle place protected by a special Act that declares the park "for the sole purpose . . . Map (db m149901) HM
36Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Paardeberg
Roland Taylor • Alfred Riggs Feb. 18th • Feb. 27th 1900 To the men of the Royal Canadian Regiment who by their valour and efficiency have made manifest to the world Canada’s ability and willingness to share . . . Map (db m80281) WM
37Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Peake House
named for James Peake, a prominent shipbuilder and merchant who lived in this building during the mid 1800s Map (db m80204) HM
38Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Predominantly a Wooden TownUne ville surtout faite de bois
English: Architecturally speaking, Charlottetown is predominately a wooden town with buildings dating back to the early 1800's. When you see a brick building you can be pretty sure it was built after the Great Fire of 1866 that . . . Map (db m149909) HM
39Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Preserving Our HistoryLa sauvegarde de notre histoire
English: In 2015, the celebration marking, Charlottetown's 250 years on its chosen site provides an excellent opportunity for Charlottetown to ponder its past and its future. As a home to many new Canadians, the responsibility to . . . Map (db m149903) HM
40Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Prince Edward Island War Memorial
Side A Erected by the Citizens of Charlottetown in memory of those from Prince Edward Island who gloriously laid down their lives in the Great War in honour forevermore of all who served therein 1914 - 1918 1939 - 1945 . . . Map (db m80280) WM
41Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Province House
English Completed in 1847, this neo-classical building was designed and built by local architect Isaac Smith to accommodate the provincial legislature and administrative offices. It also housed the Island's Supreme Court until 1872. . . . Map (db m80282) HM
42Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Provincial GovernanceLa gouvernance provinciale
English: The Provincial Government has its administrative headquarters in the west end of the city, their Court House on the waterfront and the offices for official political parties are housed in the Coles Building on Queen Square. . . . Map (db m149911) HM
43Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Queen’s Square School
On this site stood Queen Square School For Boys operated as a public school 1878 to 1962 This memorial is erected to honor all students and its teachers who were part of this school and its traditions through these years Map (db m201597) HM
44Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Railway Brass ShopAtelier de cuivre du chemin de fer
English: Built in 1876, this Island sandstone building was originally the office of the mechanical branch of the Prince Edward Island Railway. Later, it became the brass shop where brass parts required by the railway were fabricated. The . . . Map (db m80182) HM
45Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Railway Car ShopAtelier des wagons du chemin de fer
English: On November 30, 1905 fire destroyed several of the wooden manufacturing shops at the Charlottetown rail yard. To reduce the risk of future fires, it was decided to rebuild the shops in brick. E.A. Wallberg of Montreal was the . . . Map (db m80181) HM
46Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Samuel Holland
Samuel Holland was appointed Surveyor General for the eastern seaboard of North America by the Board of Trade and Plantations in London England. In 1764, he began his survey and his plan outlined 67 lots, 3 counties and 14 parishes. He also . . . Map (db m202745) HM
47Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Sherman M4A2 Medium Battle Tank
294 Sherman tanks were purchased by Canada after World War II and used by the Canadian Army (both Regular and Reserve) from 1946-1972. This is a late production model of the orignal Sherman tank introduced in 1943 that incorporated many . . . Map (db m80224) HM WM
48Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Sir Louis Henry Davis1845-1924
Born in Charlottetown, Davies studied law at the Inner Temple and was admitted to the bar in 1867. A member of the Legislative Assembly (1872-9) and Premier for the last three years of that period, he defended the rights of tenant farmers while . . . Map (db m80206) HM
49Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Site of a Historic PhotoLe site d'une photo historique
English: Government House, at the west end of the city was built in 1834. It is a gracious house and still serves as the official residence of the Island's Lieutenant Governor. Their Honours host many events to which the public is . . . Map (db m149913) HM
50Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — 1996.6 — St Dunstan’s Basilica / La basilique St. Dunstan
With its souring spires, picturesque pinnacles and intricate tracery, St. Dustan”s Basilica is an excellent example of the High Victorian Style in Canadian architecture. Erected between 1897 and 1907, it was severely damaged by fire in . . . Map (db m201601) HM
51Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Survey of the Gulf and River St. LawrenceL’hydrographie du Golfe de du Fleuves Saint-Laurent
English: Between 1827 and 1856 the first complete hydrographic survey of the Gulf and River St. Lawrence was carried out by Captain Henry W. Bayfield and his assistants. From the time of Cartier, French and British navigators ad surveyed . . . Map (db m80198) HM
52Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Charlottetown Hospital (1879-1982)
This memorial marks the location of The Charlottetown Hospital (1879-1982) The Charlottetown Hospital School of Nursing (1920-1971) and The School of X-ray Technology (1953-1971) The hospital, founded by Bishop Peter McIntyre and The Sisters of . . . Map (db m149594) HM
53Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The City of CharlottetownLa ville de Charlottetown
English: The City of Charlottetown was incorporated in April 1855. The present boundaries of the city are a result of an amalgamation of six surrounding communities in 1995. The City is governed by a mayor and 10 councilors. Its . . . Map (db m149908) HM
54Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Gainsford Housec. 1833
This double tenement, built by John and Elizabeth Gainsford, became a landmark in a city largely built of wood. It is Charlottetown’s oldest surviving brick building. For many years the east side was the home of John Iags, editor of “The . . . Map (db m104833) HM
55Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Hillsborough RiverLa rivière Hillsborough — Mimtuka’q Sipu —
English: The Hillsborough River watershed, totaling over 350 square kilometres, is the largest river system in Prince Edward Island. As a river highway, it provides a direct link to our rich human heritage, from the Mi’Kmaq who depended on . . . Map (db m80187) HM
56Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Historic Port of CharlottetownLe port historique de Charlottetown
English: The Port of Charlottetown has a history of wooden shipbuilding, local ferry wharves and shipping connections with the world. Family connections with the Westcountry of England made it a prime destination. Shipbuilders, . . . Map (db m149906) HM
57Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Lay of the TownLa fondation de le ville
English: In 1768 Charles Morris, a Halifax Surveyor, was directed to lay out the town under the directions of the Board of Trade and Plantations in London. Later the Island's first British Governor, Walter Patterson, through his . . . Map (db m149900) HM
58Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Once Great Island RailroadUn chemin de fer jadis florissant
English: The railway played a major role in shaping Canada and it played an important role in the development of Prince Edward Island. The sod was turned for the PEI Railway on October 5, 1871 just north east of where you are . . . Map (db m149897) HM
59Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Site of CharlottetownLe Site de Charlottetown
English: The site of Charlottetown was chosen by Surveyor General Samuel Holland on his survey of St. John's Island. Now called Prince Edward Island, it was once called Epekwitk, which means "lying on the water", by the . . . Map (db m149904) HM
60Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Thomas Heath Haviland1822 - 1895
English: Born in Charlottetown, Haviland was called to the Prince Edward Island bar in 1846. He represented Georgetown in the legislature (1847-70), serving successively as Colonial Secretary, as Speaker, and as Solicitor-Genera1. As a . . . Map (db m80268) HM
61Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Threaded Together with Iron and SteelRéunis par le fer et l’acier
English: The Prince Edward Island Railway brought Islanders together, put them to work, and even made them Canadians. Before the Railway was built on Prince Edward Island you could live within ten miles of another village and hardly . . . Map (db m80185) HM
62Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Transportation from Tip-to-TipLe transport d’une pointe à l’autre
English: The Railway Station stands not far from where you now stand. The air was once full of steam, the sound of train whistles and shunting rail cars. It was a busy place with the Western train, the Eastern train and the Murray . . . Map (db m149898) HM
63Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Trinity Church
Trinity Church was founded in 1778 by Benjamin Chappell, friend of John Wesley. The congregation continued in the Wesleyan Methodist tradition until 1925 when, choosing the name Trinity, it became a founding congregation of the United . . . Map (db m201326) HM
64Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — William Henry Pope1825 - 1879
English: Born at Bedeque, Prince Edward Island, Pope was admitted to the bar in 1847, became Colonial Secretary in 1859, was elected to the Legislative Assembly representing Queen's County in 1863 and continued to serve in the Assembly . . . Map (db m80272) HM
65Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — William Henry Pope (1825 – 1879)
Work of art by Jules LeSalle In recognition of the 150th anniversary of the 1864 Charlottetown and Québec conference, which led to the creation of Canada, bronze statue of two Fathers of Confederation were commissioned, one for . . . Map (db m202748) HM
 
 
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Dec. 4, 2022