A designated Texas Historic Civil Engineering Landmark, the Corpus Christi Seawall has helped to protect the coastal city for more than seventy years. Periodically devastated by hurricanes, Corpus Christi began to consider a protective barrier in . . . — — Map (db m117454) HM
In 1519 the Spanish government commissioned Alonzo Álvarez de Pineda (1494-1519) to explore the coast of the Gulf of Mexico in the hope of finding a water passage from the Gulf to the Orient. Ships, men, and money for the expedition were provided by . . . — — Map (db m31974) HM
After a convention of Republic of Texas citizens accepted terms on July 4, 1845, for annexation to the United States, General Zachary Taylor brought 4,000 men of the U.S. 3rd infantry to Corpus Christi to defend the embryonic state from Indians or . . . — — Map (db m134467) HM
This 40-foot bluff became a distinctive border between uptown and downtown as Corpus Christi experienced rapid growth after 1900. With the encouragement of Mayor Roy Miller, New York engineer Alexander Potter began designing improvements to the . . . — — Map (db m118339) HM
Linking the Cultures of
Spain * México * United States
In 1746, King Felipe V of Spain, concerned the French would try to claim and settle the Gulf Plains from the Nueces River to Tampico, . . . — — Map (db m118401) HM
A soldier, colonist, Indian fighter, and explorer, Captain Enrique Villarreal at one time held title to most of the land that now constitutes Nueces County. The Rincón del Oso land grant, encompassing approximately 44,000 acres, was awarded to . . . — — Map (db m118088) HM
Forbes Britton (1812-1861), a Virginian and graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, came to Corpus Christi as an army captain in Mexican War, 1846. He returned as a civilian, and with his wife Rebecca (Millard) had this classical revival house . . . — — Map (db m118375) HM
Clara Driscoll, a descendant of an early Texas colonist and veteran, philanthropist and public figure, inherited her family's large estate when her brother, Robert Driscoll, Jr., died in 1929. The estate included real estate, oil and gas . . . — — Map (db m182917) HM
Facilities for the rendering of hides and tallow and for meat packing flourished along the Texas Coastal Bend during the last half of the nineteenth century, when hundreds of thousands of wild longhorns roamed South Texas; Packery Channel was named . . . — — Map (db m182899) HM
The hanging of two Confederate Army deserters at Corpus Christi in May of 1862 was the only military execution to take place in Nueces County during the Civil War. At that time, the Texas coast from Matagorda to Corpus Christi was blockaded by the . . . — — Map (db m182928) HM
Near here on August 16 and 18, 1862, three Confederate artillery pieces held off four attacking Federal ships during the Civil War bombardment of Corpus Christi.
The blockading squadron of Lieutenant J.W. Kittredge, U.S.N., had harassed the . . . — — Map (db m122342) HM
The Corpus Christi Cathedral is the second structure to serve as cathedral for the Diocese of Corpus Christi. It replaced Saint Patrick's, the church which had become the cathedral when the city was elevated to Diocesan seat in 1912. After a 1938 . . . — — Map (db m119048) HM
This site and the Corpus Christi Cathedral property were donated to the Diocese by the Kenedy family in 1938.
Construction of the Cathedral started in 1939 and it was dedicated in 1940. The former Kenedy home, located where the Cathedral now . . . — — Map (db m118392) HM
Born the son of a doctor, Eli Todd Merriman (1852-1941) was a major contributor to the growth and development of Corpus Christi. The Merriman family migrated to Corpus Christi from Connecticut in 1838 by way of Bastrop, San Marcos, Edinburg and . . . — — Map (db m182939) HM
Speculator and developer Elihu Harrison Ropes (1845-1898) had been a publisher, realtor, and insurance agent in New Jersey before coming to Texas on a vacation during the late 1880s. A venture along the Gulf Coast resulted in his plan to develop a . . . — — Map (db m32082) HM
Shortly after the people of Texas voted to approve annexation to the U.S. in June 1845, the U.S. entered a boundary dispute between Texas and Mexico. President James K. Polk ordered General Zachary Taylor to position his troops on or near the Rio . . . — — Map (db m31938) HM
On August 17, 1878, a group of local residents met in the home of S.T. Foster at 702 Antelope Street to organize the First Baptist Church of Corpus Christi. Under the leadership of the Rev. J.W.D. Creath, a noted pioneer Baptist missionary, the . . . — — Map (db m32085) HM
Originally located at the corner of Waco and Comanche Streets, this colonial revival home was built in 1907-08 for the family of Asa Milton and Frances Garrett French. A.M. French (1850-1936), a native of New Hampshire, was a surveyor and civil . . . — — Map (db m118080) HM
The Galvan Ballroom was established near downtown Corpus Christi in 1950. Rafael Galvan hired Corpus Christi architect Everett E. Hamon to design the streamline moderne building. Galvan was a prominent citizen of Corpus Christi. He was the city's . . . — — Map (db m182975) HM
Officer who rose from Ranger to Adjutant General. Ranching, law enforcement were his life's work. Six feet four inches tall, he was expert shot and horseman.
Scout for U.S. Army in 1914-1917 border troubles; served in two world wars, a colonel . . . — — Map (db m182916) HM
After the War Department issued General Order 329 in October 1863, African Americans had the opportunity to fight in the Union Army. George Owens, born enslaved in 1843 in Kentucky, took this opportunity. Owens enlisted in the Union Army on June 28, . . . — — Map (db m182932) HM
The Corpus Christi Gold Star Court of Honor pays tribute to the mothers of the servicemen of Nueces County killed during World War I (1914-1918). Incorporated into the existing Spohn Park, part of the Broadway Bluff improvements completed in . . . — — Map (db m118391) HM WM
This structure was built in 1904 as a residence for the family of Benito Grande (1865-1926). Originally located at 709 Artesian Street (approximately 1 mile southwest), it was moved here in 1982 to preserve it from demolition.
Benito Grande moved . . . — — Map (db m33480) HM
A.C. Erwin, owner and developer of Corpus Christi's elite Oak Park subdivision, probably had this house built about the time Oak Park opened in 1929. Designed by local architect N.W. Hardy of the firm of Hardy and Curan, this became the home of . . . — — Map (db m182979) HM
Well-known in San Antonio for his “Trail Drivers” sculpture on permanent display inside the Witte Museum, Danish-American artist Gutzon Borglum (1867-1941) made several proposals to the City of Corpus Christi in the early twentieth . . . — — Map (db m117452) HM
Known as the founder of Corpus Christi, Pennsylvania native Henry Lawrence Kinney (1814-1861) was trained to become a merchant by his father, Simon Kinney. He helped lay out the town of Peru, Illinois, and eventually made his way to this part of . . . — — Map (db m118498) HM
Bounded by Twigg and Tiger Streets, Hall's Bayou and Corpus Christi Bay, the section of the city's Ward One known as Irishtown included primarily Irish residents, although there were also Anglo Americans, Mexican Americans, African Americans, Greeks . . . — — Map (db m32174) HM
A first-generation Texan, James Jalufka (1879-1969) was born in Lavaca County, the son of Moravian (Czech) immigrants. A veteran of the Spanish-American War, he also served as a soldier in World War I. He was a prominent South Texas cotton grower . . . — — Map (db m33637) HM
Born in Devonshire, England, on December 4, 1842, to William and Hannah Downing, James Downing immigrated to Boston, Massachusetts, in about 1850 with his family. On March 6, 1862, James enlisted for three years in the First Massachusetts Heavy . . . — — Map (db m182945) HM
Born in Littleton, Massachusetts, in 1796, John Dix played a significant role in American and state history. As a teenager, he served aboard a privateer during the War of 1812. He was engaged in capturing the English brig Don Dossack, which . . . — — Map (db m182938) HM
This was a merchant's residence of the early 1900s. Born in Indianola, Julius Lichtenstein (1871-1923) was three when his family moved to Corpus Christi and opened a drygoods store in 1874. From childhood, he worked in the store that in time became . . . — — Map (db m33666) HM
Kamikaze, meaning “divine wind,” was an echo from Japan’s legendary past. It was the name of a wind god who was said to have sent a typhoon that repulsed a mongol invasion fleet heading for Japan in the year 1281. Nearly seven centuries . . . — — Map (db m96281) WM
On original Spanish land grant of 1831, "Rincon de Oso". Built 1851. Lumber of native wood, sawed by hand. Square nails. 3 gables, 2 chimneys.
Commandeered as hospital during the Civil War and in a . . . — — Map (db m33339) HM
Born in Prussia in April 1842, Louis de Planque immigrated to Mexico during the American Civil War era. By 1864 he was working in Matamoros and soon opened a photography studio in Brownsville, Texas. During the American Civil War, the Confederate . . . — — Map (db m182936) HM
One of the most influential American political groups of the twentieth century, the League of United Latin American Citizens was founded in Corpus Christi.
The formation of LULAC resulted from the merger of three groups: the Order of Sons of . . . — — Map (db m118076) HM
A native of Ireland, Matthew Dunn was the first of five brothers to immigrate to the United States and settle in Corpus Christi. Their descendants have served prominently as active business and civic leaders throughout South Texas.
Upon his . . . — — Map (db m182982) HM
After the death of their parents, Mary Nolan arrived in Corpus Christi in 1845 at the age of sixteen along with her two brothers, Matt, eleven, and Tom, nine. Mary became a nurse in the United States Army, allowing Matt to serve as a bugler and Tom . . . — — Map (db m182944) HM
Mary Alice Ward McCampbell, widow of William Berry McCampbell, purchased land at 1421 Water Street in the old Irishtown section of Corpus Christi in 1908. Soon thereafter she hired local architect and builder William F. Bowles to design and build a . . . — — Map (db m33276) HM
Originally built on property that was part of a Mexican land grant awarded to Enrique Villareal in 1831, this house was constructed for Walter Merriman in 1851. Merriman, a lawyer, had moved to Corpus Christi from Illinois shortly after his marriage . . . — — Map (db m33401) HM
Moses Menger Elementary School opened on South Alameda Street in January 1929 to serve students in Corpus Christi. It was the first Corpus Christi School built outside of the city's central area extent, helping to initiate development in the . . . — — Map (db m182922) HM
This ship is a replica of Christopher Columbus' ship Niña. It is one of three ships built in Spain to commemorate the historic 1492 voyage. After crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the three ships toured American ports in 1992 before coming to . . . — — Map (db m33186) HM
In 1853 lawlessness in Nueces County, which covered most of the area from Corpus Christi to the Mexican border, prompted the construction of the first county courthouse on this block. Three lots were purchased for $300 from Corpus Christi founder, . . . — — Map (db m32122) HM
The oldest federal military cemetery in Texas, Old Bayview was laid out by U.S. Army engineers while Brig. Gen. Zachary Taylor was encamped in Corpus Christi on the eve of the Mexican War. On Sept. 13, 1845, the steamer "Dayton", used to transfer . . . — — Map (db m31871) HM
The first military funeral in Texas took place on this site in 1845. This venerable tree remains as a monument and a living witness to the troubled times that typified that era in Texas history. — — Map (db m182972) HM
First called Corpus Christi Island or Isla Santiago, Padre Island was named for Padre Jose Nicolas Balli (1772-1829). His family migrated from Spain in 1569 and became large landowners in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, influential in military and . . . — — Map (db m182904) HM
Welcome to Padre Island National Seashore-Spring, summer, autumn, winter—any time is a special time to begin your Padre Island National Seashore adventure.
Take a day, a weekend, or longer to enjoy the Gulfshore playgrounds of America’s . . . — — Map (db m95685)
Born in Cleveland, Ohio, on December 8, 1906, Sidney Wolf spent his childhood developing his skills as a pianist. In high school, he conceived the idea of using his musical talent to enhance a career as a rabbi. He studied music at the Cincinnati . . . — — Map (db m182913) HM
On the aft side of the island you see a Japanese Rising Sun flag with a black border. This flag indicates the exact location where in November 1944 a Japanese Kamikaze plane (code name Zeke) crashed into USS Lexington, killing 50 of her crew. . . . — — Map (db m96280) WM
City of Corpus Christi
Dedicated May 25, 1997
Selena was referred to as La Flor (The Flower)
and identified with La Rosa Blanca (The White Rose)
When you view La Rosa Blanca, . . . — — Map (db m37718) HM
Charlotte Scott (Mrs. Edward D.) Sidbury (1830-1904), the builder of this house, was born in North Carolina and came with her parents to Sterling Robertson's colony before the Texas Revolution (1836). She married John Wesley Scott in 1848; they . . . — — Map (db m33573) HM
In 1871 the Brownsville Congregation of the Incarnate Word, at the request of Bishop Claude Dubuis, sent four sisters to Corpus Christi. They moved into a run-down adobe building at Leopard and Carancahua street. H.L. Kinney had given the site to . . . — — Map (db m182921) HM
The Corpus Christi Independent School District hired Miss Rose Dunne to teach English and academics to the city's Mexican American students in a year-long experimental program in 1896. Miss Dunne and her pupils were so successful that in 1901 the . . . — — Map (db m118075) HM
Henry L. Kinney, born in Pennsylvania in June 1814, came to this area about 1858 and established a fort-like trading post (across Broadway). The building, enclosed by a stockade, contained his home, store, and quarters for armed men. The bulk of . . . — — Map (db m118374) HM
As railroad lines made travel easier for the people of the state, a group of South Texas businessmen developed plans to attract vacationers to Corpus Christi. The construction of the Nueces Hotel in 1912-1913 was part of this development. . . . — — Map (db m37725) HM
One of the earliest industries in Corpus Christi was a mill erected at this site by Captain John Anderson (1813-1898), a Swedish-born seafarer who brought his family to Texas in 1852. Anderson built a house here in the 1850s, when this property was . . . — — Map (db m134449) HM
Method Snapka was born October 5, 1916, in Abbott, Texas, as the fifth of six boys. He learned to cook for the family at a young age. During the late 1930s, Method Snapka moved to Corpus Christi along with his brother, Rudy, and they left soon after . . . — — Map (db m182981) HM
John Dunn, Sr., (1803-1889) immigrated to the United States from Ireland in 1851. He began acquiring large amounts of property in Nueces County, including this site which he purchased in 1868 from Jonas Pickles. This section of his landholdings was . . . — — Map (db m182985) HM
Henry L. Kinney (b. 1814), founder of Corpus Christi, began by October 1851 to organize the Lone Star Fair to boost local economy. The fair was publicized to attract new settlers to the area, but was a thinly-veiled attempt to recruit men for the . . . — — Map (db m118340) HM
Patrick Francis Dunn, the son of Irish immigrants Thomas and Catherine H. Dunn, was born Oct. 10, 1858, in Corpus Christi. He married Clara J. Jones Aug. 30, 1883.
In Dec. 1883, Pat Dunn entered a partnership with his mother and brother, . . . — — Map (db m182900) HM
Born in Philadelphia in 1817, Thomas S. Parker came to Texas at the age of twenty. In 1839 he and his parents William W. and Hannah Parker were awarded large land grants in the vicinity of present-day Corpus Christi; they used the land to raise . . . — — Map (db m31944) HM
USS Lexington CV-16
Has been designated a
National Historic Landmark.
This highly decorated warship illustrates the pivotal role
Performed by aircraft carriers during World War II as these ships became the . . . — — Map (db m42149) HM
Chemist, geologist, and photographer William DeRyee was born as William Düry in Würzburg, Bavaria. He was educated at the gymnasium and lateinschule in Würzburg, then went on to study at the University of Munich. He participated in the 1848 uprising . . . — — Map (db m182940) HM
Born in Worthington, Ohio, on March 14, 1837, William Henderson Maltby served as a journalist and newspaper publisher for three Corpus Christi newspapers. While living in Cleveland, Maltby worked as a typesetter for the Cleveland Herald in . . . — — Map (db m182933) HM
This property was outside the city limits in 1934 when acquired by the Corpus Christi Independent School District for a new junior high. The school board voted to name the planned facility for Edmund Wynn Seale (c.1887-1934) shortly after his death. . . . — — Map (db m182926) HM