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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Deadwood
Deadwood, South Dakota and Vicinity
▶ Lawrence County (95) ▶ Butte County (4) ▶ Meade County (9) ▶ Pennington County (50) ▶ Crook County, Wyoming (44) ▶ Weston County, Wyoming (17)
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|Dedicated to the pioneers who founded
the Society of Black Hills Pioneers
and made such an outstanding
contribution to the settlement and
development of this highly coveted
region. Their descendants and successors
will forever honor . . . — — Map (db m120999) HM|
|The combination of steep grades, sharp curves, creek crossings, and tunnels required exceptional civil engineering to satisfy the need for railroads required by the Black Hills mining boom.
Constructed 1881 to 1928 Designated by South . . . — — Map (db m120234) HM|
|This property has been placed on the
National Register of Historic Places
by the United States Department of the Interior
Built 1904 Restored 1990
by First Western Bank — — Map (db m126699) HM|
|The placer gold in the creeks had been eroded from the surrounding hills. By late 1876, miners began shifting their attentions to the source of the gold by tunneling into the hills. Such hard rock mining used explosives instead of pans and . . . — — Map (db m49651) HM|
|This is the site of the Burlington Interurban Power Plant, commonly known as the Burlington Powerhouse. The Powerhouse was originally built to generate electricity to run a passenger trolley between the cities of Lead and Deadwood. The Powerhouse . . . — — Map (db m121059) HM|
| (Panel 1)
In its heyday, the Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad yard was a beehive of activity. Four different railroads including the Deadwood Central, the Black Hills & Ft. Pierre, the Grand Island & Wyoming Central, and the . . . — — Map (db m121051) HM|
|Although the Chinatowns of New York, San Francisco and Chicago are more well-known, these ethnic enclaves weren't exclusive to America's urban centers. There were many Chinatowns in Western boomtowns, including one right here on Deadwood's Lower . . . — — Map (db m120093) HM|
|Chinese Immigrants came to Deadwood to make their fortune. After burial in Mt. Moriah, with appropriate ceremonies, the remains were removed for reburial in their home village in China. Not more than two bodies remain in the Chinese Section. — — Map (db m49688) HM|
|Deadwood erected two monuments to order and permanence in the early 1900s. The federal building open in 1907, and activities in the county courthouse started the next year.
In its early gold rush days, Deadwood had been a wild, raucous mining camp . . . — — Map (db m49689) HM|
|Camp F-6 (Roubaix): 100 yards N of Lake entrance: W of road. Companies: 792--6/3/33-5/15/35: 10/18/35 6/1/40; 10/1/40-10/11/41; 2759V-(Detachment from Park Creek)--5/15/35-10/18/35.
The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal work-relief . . . — — Map (db m34248) HM|
|Camp F-20 Park Creek: located 3 mi E on FH 534;
2.75 mi N on FH 180; W of creek
Companies: 2759V – 11/2/34-7/30/41; 792 – 10/11/41-12/14/41
The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that gave . . . — — Map (db m124592) HM|
has been designated a
Registered National Historic Landmark
Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value
in commemorating and illustrating
the history of the . . . — — Map (db m131612) HM|
|Thousands of people suddenly burst into Deadwood Gulch in 1876. Some came to try their luck at mining; others hoped to strike it rich with supply stores, restaurants and saloons.
"Six weeks ago the site of Deadwood City was a heavy frost of . . . — — Map (db m120993) HM|
|Note the sites of the county courthouse, the federal building, the depot, the slime plant, and the school. The buildings on Main Street also changed character. Whitewood Creek was partly channelized in 1884, and is covered by a highway today. — — Map (db m36631) HM|
|Thousands of people suddenly burst into Deadwood Gulch in 1876. Some came to try their luck at mining, while others hoped to strike it rich with supply stores, restaurants, and saloons.
"Six weeks ago the site of Deadwood City was a heavy . . . — — Map (db m36563) HM|
|Andrew Carnegie, steel tycoon and philanthropist, is best known for his charitable contributions in financing public libraries. From 1886 until his death in 1919, Carnegie supported the construction of 1,679 public libraries across the United . . . — — Map (db m121064) HM|
By the mid-1890s Deadwood city officials deemed it necessary to purchase a tract of land to be used for recreation and enjoyment by its citizens. Almost fifteen years elapsed before Deadwood's first city park was created. The park surrounding . . . — — Map (db m120232) HM|
|After gold was discovered in Deadwood Gulch in 1875, commercial buildings were quickly erected on the flat land along Main Street, leaving the hillsides above as the only area for residential development. The first houses in Deadwood were built on . . . — — Map (db m120994) HM|
|Within twenty years Deadwood changed from mining camp to prosperous Victorian city. Deadwood survived several floods and fires, each time replacing the destroyed wood-framed buildings with stone and brick.
The town acquired some modern . . . — — Map (db m36630) HM|
|After using a long stretch of track that went through the scenic Black Hills for almost a century, the Burlington Northern & Santa Fe (formerly Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company) quit running in 1983. The idea to turn the railroad into a . . . — — Map (db m121055) HM|
|Gold sparkled in the prospector’s pan – the first discovery of the mineral in Deadwood Gulch. Exactly who the prospector was -- or the date and place of the discovery – is open to question. It is generally agreed that the Frank Bryant . . . — — Map (db m49648) HM|
|Placer miners first looked for gold among the gravel and sand in the creek bottoms, such as the one near you. If panning was productive, a group of miners would build a sluice to wash gold from the gravel.
[Illustration captions, left to right:] . . . — — Map (db m49649) HM|
|Deadwood is recognized as the site of the first organized Jewish Community in South Dakota. The Hebrew Cemetery Association was the first to purchase a section of Mount Moriah Cemetery, August 20, 1896. The section is located higher up on Jerusalem . . . — — Map (db m27070) HM|
|A fire in 1982 destroyed the historic Horace Clark and Apex buildings. The facades of the two buildings were replicated in 1997.
1900, Horace Clark Building (left); 1897, Apex Building (right).
Owner: Olympic Gaming SD, L.L.C.
Replication . . . — — Map (db m49665) HM|
Saloon Number 10
Wild Bill was shot
August 2, 1876
— — Map (db m120092) HM|
|The Burlington Interurban Railway was part of a focused effort to modernize the City of Deadwood at the turn of the century. The town had transformed in a relatively short period of time from a lawless gold camp to a law abiding community and . . . — — Map (db m121062) HM|
Died Aug 2, 1876
by pistol Shot
Aged 39 years
J. H. Riordan
of N.Y. 1891 — — Map (db m124055) HM|
|Site of capture of the assassin Jack McCall who shot "Wild Bill" Hickok Aug 2, 1876 — — Map (db m120110) HM|
|Alias "Wild Bill" Born - May 27, 1837 Troy Grove, Illinois Died - August 2, 1876 Deadwood, Dakota Territory Victim of the Assassin Jack McCall — — Map (db m45372) HM|
|Jewish American pioneers significantly contributed to the commercial development and establishment of responsible government in Deadwood. Gritty Jewish Westerners, such as Sol Star, arrived with his business partner Seth Bullock in the midst of the . . . — — Map (db m27071) HM|
|Since 1877, four county jails have been constructed within the Deadwood city limits. The first jail was erected in May of 1877 in the Ingleside Townsite (today's Presidential Neighborhood) and consisted of a 30 x 50 foot log structure enclosed by a . . . — — Map (db m120998) HM|
Born - May 1, 1852
Died - August 1, 1903
Terry, South Dakota
Her Dying Request
"Bury me beside Wild Bill" — — Map (db m71412) HM|
|Prospector Frank McGovern staked his claim on the hillside above you in 1876, then promptly became one of Deadwood's infamous rabble-rousers. After an argument with a grocer in 1878, McGovern was shot in the thighs. During his recovery in the . . . — — Map (db m121058) HM|
|"Deadwood's Sky Pilot." Henry Weston Smith, was born in Ellington, Connecticut, January 110, 1828. At 23 he became a Methodist exhorter. This led to ordination in the Methodist Episcopal church and he served various communities in New England. In . . . — — Map (db m45375) HM|
|On October 21, 1911, U.S. President William Howard Taft delivered a 30 minute address from this location to a large crowd of spectators. President Taft's visit to Deadwood was one stop on a nationwide campaign tour across South Dakota and the . . . — — Map (db m121000) HM|
|This brick structure before you served as the foundation base and cleanout chamber that supported the 135-foot smokestack. Once part of the Burlington & Missouri Railroad Powerhouse complex, this brick feature was created in 1901 and helped supply . . . — — Map (db m121060) HM|
|Gold had to be removed from the ore (rock) brought out of the mine. Milling processes crushed the ore to the size of sand. Mercury, cyanide or heat then isolated the gold particles. Deadwood Gulch mill men used several methods, including . . . — — Map (db m49650) HM|
|Travis Calvin Holloway began his career as a professional cowboy in the family's living room near Eagle Butte, South Dakota, where he rode his first bucking horse - his brother Chuck. When Chuck would no longer unseat his younger sibling, their . . . — — Map (db m45360) HM|
|First Mass celebrated May 20, 1877
by Father John Lonergan
1st church building
erected on Williams St.
This present building erected 1936
— — Map (db m121004) HM|
|Near this point in 1875 occurred the second of two initial gold discoveries in the Deadwood area. It was made by the Lardner party of eight prospectors, steered here by John B. Pearson, a man already familiar with Deadwood Gulch. Their "Discovery . . . — — Map (db m34830) HM|
|Although Deadwood was in a mining district, it didn't remain a mining town. Instead, it became the service center for the Northern Black Hills. Regional residents came to Deadwood for their legal, financial, wholesale, retail and entertainment . . . — — Map (db m36629) HM|
|Deadwood developed along both sides of Whitewood Creek, forming the two main thoroughfares of Main and Sherman Street. In the 1880s the firms on Sherman tended to be small retail and service businesses.
With the arrival of the railroads in the . . . — — Map (db m49686) HM|
|The bronze cannon above you, serial number #9220, was cast on May 7, 1862 at the Royal Foundry of Seville, Spain. This cannon was one of six "Cañones rayados cortos de a 12 centímetros,” or short cannon of twelve . . . — — Map (db m121199) HM WM|
This Ten Inch Shell was Recovered
from the Battleship U.S.S. Maine that
was sunk in Havana Harbor, Cuba on
February 15, 1898 and Presented to
the City of Deadwood in May 1912.
In Memory of the United States Sailors, . . . — — Map (db m121200) WM|
|The "badlands," the lower end of Main Street in front of you, earned its reputation through its saloons, brothels, theaters, gambling halls, and opium houses, which provided rowdy entertainment for the largely male population. Out of this district . . . — — Map (db m36560) HM|
|In the early morning hours of September 26, 1879, fire broke out at a bakery on Sherman Street. The fire spread quickly to Jensen and Bliss’s Hardware where it met eight kegs of gunpowder. The subsequent explosion caused the fire to sweep quickly . . . — — Map (db m49671) HM|
|Harris Franklin, his wife Anna, and son Nathan arrived in Deadwood, Dakota Territory in 1877. A Jewish immigrant from humble beginnings, Harris Franklin earned his fortune through the wholesale liquor business and gradually diversified into cattle, . . . — — Map (db m34144) HM|
|“Prepare for the worst!” the telephone call from upstream warned. About that time Whitewood Creek, swollen from spring snow and rain, broke over its banks within Deadwood, carving a path of destruction. The creek which now flows under . . . — — Map (db m49672) HM|
|As South Deadwood expanded along Sherman Street in early 1876, log cabins and small frame houses appeared on the hillsides above the mining camp. A cemetery was quickly established on a hill deemed too far away from town to ever be developed. Soon . . . — — Map (db m37097) HM|
|As South Deadwood expanded along Sherman Street in early 1876, log cabins and small frame houses appeared on the hillsides above the mining camp. A cemetery was quickly established on a hill deemed too far away from town to ever be developed. Soon . . . — — Map (db m49687) HM|
| In 2016 the Deadwood Historical Commission hired a local mason with expertise in historic masonry to reconstruct this section of the 135" B & M Powerhouse smokestack using radial brick collected on site. This section has a 9'-3" outside radius and . . . — — Map (db m121063) HM|
|It took about a thousand people just 255 days to build the 114-mile Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad between Edgemont and Deadwood using primitive methods. It took more than 15 years to complete the George S. Mickelson Trail on the . . . — — Map (db m121056) HM|
|Although the uphill side of Deadwood's Main Street seems like a natural area for development, the neighborhood didn't get its start until the turn of the century, thanks largely to two factors: gunpowder and the stubbornness of Deadwood's first . . . — — Map (db m120997) HM|
|Utility Building built byU.S. Forest Serviceand Works Progress Administration WPA Project Number 3617 Nineteen Thirty Nine — — Map (db m132093) HM|
|Architect O.C. Jewett built the Waite Block Annex as a two-story structure and immediately established his offices on the second floor. In 1901 The Wrought Iron Range Co. moved in to the first floor. A recessed entry between this building and the . . . — — Map (db m49664) HM|
|Scout for the Pioneers
Scout for the Union Army
Marshall for Hay City
Dodge City and Abeline
Killed in Deadwood
August 2, 1876
Buried on Mount Moriah
300 feet above this spot
Presented to the City of Deadwood
By George R. . . . — — Map (db m26251) HM|
|James Butler Hickok
Gunfighter, Peace Officer, Gambler
Born: May 27, 1837, Troy Grove, Illinois
Died: August 2, 1876, Deadwood, Dakota Territory
Wild Bill Hickok was shot in the back while playing cards in a Deadwood saloon. He is . . . — — Map (db m120094) HM|