From 1909 to 1951, in the days of an unwritten "Jim Crow" segregation policy, the Parks Commission of Baltimore maintained "separate but equal" facilities. Druid Hill became the sole park city-wide where the African-American community felt welcome . . . — — Map (db m7599) HM
Over the years, the Round Cage housed bears and, later, hyenas. The animals were kept as if in a fishbowl, on a concrete slab with no shelter or privacy. The Round Cage has long since been abandoned as suitable housing for any species. . . . — — Map (db m189039) HM
Because elephants are so big, they take little notice of fences. They either step over them or walk right through them.
In 2009, the dry Boteti River began flowing again. It forms the western boundary of the Makgadikgadi Pans National . . . — — Map (db m189092) HM
One of the greatest health challenges facing African penguins in Baltimore and in other places where mosquitoes thrive is avian malaria, a disease similar to human malaria that affects only birds. Avian malaria is transmitted by mosquitoes. . . . — — Map (db m189075) HM
Separate but Equal policy July 11, 1948 Participants James Robertson, Maceo Howard, Morris Kalish, James Gross, Albert Blank, Jeanette Fine, Gloria Stewart, Mary Coffee, Mitzy Freishtat, Irvin Winkler, Stanley Askin, Louis Pinkney, Leonard Collidge, . . . — — Map (db m11223) HM
On June 23, 2000, the Treasure, a large iron-ore tanker, sank in rough waters off the coast of South Africa, dumping over 1,300 tons of oil and diesel fuel into the ocean. More African penguins were impacted by this oil spill than by any other in . . . — — Map (db m189063) HM
Within a year of the April 1861 Baltimore Riots, the first of several U.S. Army camps and fortifications began encircling Druid Hill, and important location high above the city and adjacent to the Northern Central Railroad. The 114th and 150th . . . — — Map (db m7594) HM
The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Explore wildlife in the heart of Druid Hill Park. The Maryland Zoo in Baltimore is the third oldest Zoo in America, founded in 1876, and is home to more than 1,500 wild animals and over 200 unique species. . . . — — Map (db m189018) HM
Great American Poet, Philosopher
Founder of Aesthetic Realism
Quiet and green was the grass of the field,
The sky was whole in brightness,
And O, a bird was flying, high, there in the sky,
So gently, so carelessly and fairly.
There . . . — — Map (db m7595) HM
The matriarch leads
Elephants follow the matriarch, who is often, but not always, the oldest female in the herd. Female elephants stay with their daughters, sisters, and other related females for life and share child-rearing duties. . . . — — Map (db m189104) HM
Grizzly bears do not encounter polar bears in the wild. But for these two grizzlies, life took an unexpected turn.
A Story of Two Sisters
The Maryland Zoo supports wildlife in many different ways, and this sometimes means acting on . . . — — Map (db m189073) HM
Among the volunteers were two top African penguin experts from The Maryland Zoo who made the trip from Baltimore to Cape Town. Both had worked with African penguins for years, knew how to handle the birds, and were able to lead others especially . . . — — Map (db m189066) HM
Living and hunting where they do, cheetahs often come into conflict with farmers. Over generations, African farmers have come to view any cheetahs as a menace that can and will kill livestock. Can people and cheetahs live together and . . . — — Map (db m189087) HM
"Projects such as chili pepper fences or beehive fences are in my opinion the answer to human-elephant conflict. Empowering the community so that they feel they can live alongside wildlife can change attitudes in an instant." . . . — — Map (db m189099) HM
For several decades, this is where Nile hippos swam in their outdoor pool. The hippos eventually moved, the pool was filled in, and the site became a Raptor Garden featuring birds of prey.
Mary Ann, the Zoo's first elephant, moved into this . . . — — Map (db m189045) HM
The Maryland Building was originally constructed in Philadelphia as Maryland's state exhibition hall for the 1876 Centennial Exhibition, the first World's Fair held in the United States.
After the fair, the building was disassembled, . . . — — Map (db m189048) HM
An 1865 inventory of the Baltimore Zoo listed "9 deer, 4 swans, 3 wild geese and 24 ewes." By the 1880s still more creatures, including bears were exhibited in ornate but small Victorian cages. In those days animals were seen as objects of . . . — — Map (db m189026) HM
On July 11, 1948, members of the Young Progressives of Maryland and members of the Baltimore Tennis Club staged the nationally famous interracial tennis match to protest two sad injustices: the park's "Jim Crow" regulations, which prohibited . . . — — Map (db m189108) HM
When the Zoo's polar bears moved into this exhibit in 1942, they swam for the first time. The pool in the old exhibit had been "no larger than a dining room table," according to John Farrell, then-chairman of the Zoological Society of Maryland. . . . — — Map (db m189044) HM
The Round Cage represents a chapter of Zoo history that is over. Instead of collecting animals, the Zoo now focuses on conserving species, excelling in animal care, and promoting respect for wildlife.
The Maryland Zoo is better positioned . . . — — Map (db m189040) HM
To get back to the Zoo's entrance, you can walk this way through the Main Valley. This is the oldest part of the Zoo, and to many of you it will feel like a step back in time. Can you remember who used to live in the Main Valley? What were your . . . — — Map (db m189049) HM
It is difficult to know how many okapi are still living in Congolese rainforests, but by all estimates, their numbers are declining. To save okapi, we need to preserve and protect their shrinking habitat.
Okapi population decline
2000: . . . — — Map (db m189106) HM
The tremendous rescue operation was coordinated by SANCCOB (the Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds). Staff and volunteers worked around the clock for weeks. They rescued and rehabilitated more . . . — — Map (db m189065) HM
In 2009, the Zoo's prairie dog colony moved from this location to their current home near the Zoo's Main Gate. Before there were prairie dogs here, though, there were sea lions.
The first sea lion in Druid Hill Park arrived in 1884 by train . . . — — Map (db m189042) HM
Survival in the Wild
When fish are scarce, African penguins must keep on swimming.
There are not as many fish in the Benguela Current as there used to be, due in large part to years of unregulated commercial fishing. Food . . . — — Map (db m189062) HM
African elephants have suffered tremendous losses over the past century due to poaching. In some regions, though, elephant populations are finally rebounding. How can we continue to tip the balance in their favor?
Why are elephants . . . — — Map (db m189090) HM
On the islands and shorelines where African penguins breed, they face tough environmental conditions. For thousands of years, the penguins escaped sun, wind, rain, and predators inside cave-like nests that they constructed from guano poop from . . . — — Map (db m189051) HM
The iron-barred cages and stone dens in the Main Valley were constructed during the 1930s through President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Work Progress Administration (WPA). They are relics of the Victorian era of zoo-going when the goal was to . . . — — Map (db m189036) HM
The Main Valley is the oldest section of the Maryland Zoo, formerly known as the Baltimore Zoo. Now antiquated, overgrown, and mostly vacant, it is where the small, informal zoo at the center of Druid Hill Park began in the mid-19th century. . . . — — Map (db m189032) HM
Would you know a penguin if you saw one? 🐧
Yes, you would. And you might think of it as cute, waddling around on land. But what if you were to see the same bird underwater, speeding through the open ocean? Would you think of it . . . — — Map (db m189081) HM
"I steered my course through the wide and level plains which have somewhat the appearance of an ocean, not a tree nor a shrub to be seen," wrote Meriwether Lewis in 1806.
Crossing these westward prairies, the explorer met "a little animal" . . . — — Map (db m189030) HM
"Guardian of Scotland" Scottish Wars of Independence Presented to the people of Baltimore by William Wallace Spence November 30, 1893 Re-dedicated on August 22, 1993 by the St. Andrew's Society of Baltimore
"It is in truth not for glory, nor . . . — — Map (db m7596) HM