“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fairfax, Virginia

Clickable Map of Fairfax, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Fairfax Ind. City, VA (39) Fairfax County, VA (482)  Fairfax(39) Fairfax (39)  FairfaxCounty(482) Fairfax County (482)
Location of Fairfax
    Fairfax (39)
    Fairfax County (482)
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1Virginia, Fairfax — Arlington-Fairfax Electric Railway
The Arlington-Fairfax Line connected Fairfax with Washington D.C. from 1904-1939 and briefly terminated near this location until 1908 when it was extended to the courthouse after the original station was destroyed by fire. The new stop . . . Map (db m76716) HM
2Virginia, Fairfax — B-261 — Birthplace of the Confederate Battle Flag
During the First Battle of Manassas, amid the smoke of combat, troops found it difficult to distinguish between Union and Confederate flags. Generals P.G.T. Beauregard, Joseph E. Johnston and Quartermaster General William L. Cabell met near here in . . . Map (db m101514) HM
3Virginia, Fairfax — Blenheim (Willcoxon Farm)Civil War Soldier Art
Blenheim, built for Albert and Mary Willcoxon about 1859, contains some of the nation’s best-preserved Civil War soldier writings. More than 110 identified Union soldiers, representing units from New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin, West . . . Map (db m21077) HM
4Virginia, Fairfax — Blenheim HouseHistoric Blenheim
“... a brick building recently erected and fitted up in handsome style...”Richmand Daily Dispatch, August 9, 1861 In 1855, fire consumed an earlier house on this site. Owner Albert Willcoxon had no insurance; so upon finishing . . . Map (db m28608) HM
5Virginia, Fairfax — Dairy Barn ComplexHistoric Blenheim
“The outlook for agriculture in Fairfax is dismal.”County Agent R.B. Davis, Jr., 1946 Why was Davis so pessimistic? As he wrote, Blenheim owner Marguerite “Daisy” Duras’s diary cows were setting production records. . . . Map (db m25842) HM
6Virginia, Fairfax — Dr. William Gunnell HouseBuilt c.1835 — Old Town Fairfax —
It was in this house that Ranger John Mosby captured the Union area commander Brig. Gen. Edwin H. Stoughton, in bed, the night of March 9, 1863.Map (db m6233) HM
7Virginia, Fairfax — Draper HouseBuilt c.1820 — Old Town Fairfax —
Built by Dr. Samuel Draper, this house probably served as his office and examining rooms. Many of the buildings adjoining the house were constructed as out-buildings.Map (db m6298) HM
8Virginia, Fairfax — Draper House1821
Built by Dr. Simeon and Catherine (Wilkinson) Draper on a lot leased from town founder Richard Ratcliffe, this is the second oldest home still standing in the Old Town Fairfax Historic District. Catherine's sister was Matilda Wilkinson, the . . . Map (db m8226) HM
9Virginia, Fairfax — Efe Quality HouseBuilt 1930 — Old Town Fairfax —
The home was built on top of the Manassas Gap Railway right-of-way which was the railway started before the Civil War. This railway construction was disbanded during the Civil War. The house was renovated in 1992 by Dr. Johnson A. Edosomwan.Map (db m6296) HM
10Virginia, Fairfax — FairfaxSpies, Mosby and Marr
On June 1. 1861, the first major skirmish of the Civil War occurred on the main street of Fairfax Court House. In the pre-dawn hours 50 men of Co. B, Second U.S. Cavalry, led by Lt. Charles H. Tomkins, rode into town firing their weapons. As Capt. . . . Map (db m626) HM
11Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax County CourthouseWar on the Courthouse Grounds
At different times, Union and Confederate forces occupied the Fairfax County Courthouse at this important crossroads. The flag of each side flew from its cupola during the war, and the building suffered damage. On April 25, 1861, the Fairfax . . . Map (db m43134) HM
12Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax Hay & Grain StoreBuilt 1900 — Old Town Fairfax —
This vernacular, commercial building is a typical example of construction at the turn of the century.Map (db m6286) HM
13Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax Herald & Print ShopBuilt 1900 — Old Town Fairfax —
The Fairfax Herald was established in 1882 by Capt. S. R. Donohoe, who, in 1904 moved it to this small, one-story frame structure. The Herald remained in operation until 1966.Map (db m129153) HM
14Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax Rosenwald School
The Fairfax Rosenwald School or “Fairfax Colored School” was constructed in 1925–26 on this site. It replaced an earlier African-American school on Main Street east of the Fairfax Cemetery. In 1917, Julius Rosenwald, president of . . . Map (db m29482) HM
15Virginia, Fairfax — B-262 — First Confederate Officer Killed
In the early morning hours of 1 June 1861, a detachment of Co. B, Second Cavalry, entered the Town of Fairfax Court House and engaged the Warrenton Rifles in the first land conflict of organized military units in the Civil War. The skirmish resulted . . . Map (db m21451) HM
16Virginia, Fairfax — Ford BuildingBuilt c. 1835 — Old Town Fairfax —
This was the home of Antonia Ford, imprisoned as a spy following Ranger Mosby's night capture of the local Union commander, Brig. Gen. Edwin H. Stoughton, March 9, 1863. A search of the house had revealed an honorary aide-de-camp commission to . . . Map (db m6366) HM
17Virginia, Fairfax — Gen. Corcoran
General Michael Corcoran died at the W. P. Gunnell House near here on 22 Dec. 1863 after being thrown from a runaway horse on Ox Road, a quarter mile to the south. Corcoran headed all area Washington Defense Department forces at the time. Corcoran . . . Map (db m76725) HM
18Virginia, Fairfax — Historic Blenheim
A family farm, a Civil War encampment site, and a country home, Historic Blenheim now welcomes visitors to explore its landscape and many stories. Over 200 years ago, family patriarch Rezin Willcoxon moved here from Prince Georges County, . . . Map (db m24662) HM
19Virginia, Fairfax — Historic Fairfax Elementary SchoolBuilt 1873 — Old Town Fairfax —
This is the oldest, two-story, brick public school house in Fairfax County. Bricks were made from a clay pit on the Farr property across Main St. The original portion of this structure, the rear, was built for then considered exorbitant cost of . . . Map (db m6303) HM
20Virginia, Fairfax — Joshua Gunnell HouseBuilt c.1830 — Old Town Fairfax —
The first skirmish of the Civil War occurred on Main Street June 1, 1861. Ex-Governor, "Extra Billy" Smith, a civilian, ran from this house to take charge of the Warrenton Rifles. Their commanding officer, Capt. John Quincy Marr, had been killed, . . . Map (db m6258) HM
21Virginia, Fairfax — Manassas Gap Railroad
Cuts and fills of the Independent Line of the Manassas Gap Railroad are visible along this line and at various places through Fairfax County to Sudley Ford on Bull Run. Running north of the Little River Turnpike from Annandale and along North Street . . . Map (db m132720) HM
22Virginia, Fairfax — Moore HouseBuilt c.1840 — Old Town Fairfax —
During his March 1863 raid, Ranger John S. Mosby searched here, with no success, for the Union mercenary Col. Percy Wyndham who had called Mosby a horse thief. Mosby had replied that the only horses he had ever stolen had Union troopers on their . . . Map (db m168981) HM
23Virginia, Fairfax — Mosby
Here on the night of March 8th, 1863, Col. John Singleton Mosby with 29 Confederate soldiers penetrated the Union lines of 3000 men and captured in the brick dwelling north of this spot Brig. General Edwin H. Stoughton, U.S.A., with 100 prisoners . . . Map (db m6246) HM
24Virginia, Fairfax — B-26 — Mosby’s Midnight Raid
Col. John Singleton Mosby formed the 43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry “to weaken the armies invading Virginia by harassing their rear.” Near midnight on 8 March 1863, he led his horsemen undetected through Union lines to disrupt . . . Map (db m5086) HM
25Virginia, Fairfax — Nickell's HardwareBuilt 1895 — Old Town Fairfax —
An example of venacular commercial architecture, a popular construction type at the turn of the century.Map (db m6278) HM
26Virginia, Fairfax — Old Baptismal Area
Local residents recall the period through the 1930s when Mount Calvary Baptist Church regularly conducted baptismal services in the Accotink Branch, in the pool formed at its confluence with the Tussico. White-robed candidates were immersed by the . . . Map (db m5593) HM
27Virginia, Fairfax — Old Fairfax High School
This building opened in 1935 as the first 4-year "Fairfax High School," becoming the largest consolidated high school in the county as the Oakton and Clifton High Schools were closed. It closed in 1972 when the new school opened on Old Lee Highway. . . . Map (db m115864) HM
28Virginia, Fairfax — Old Fairfax JailBuilt in late 19th Century — Old Town Fairfax —
The original “gaol” (1802) burned down in 1884. The Alexandria jail was used until this building was completed. The last jailer, Mr. William F. Lowe, and his family lived in the front quarters of this building until 1954. The structure . . . Map (db m6256) HM
29Virginia, Fairfax — Old Town HallBuilt 1900 — Old Town Fairfax —
Joseph E. Willard, who served as lieutenant governor of Virginia and minister to Spain, built Old Town Hall and gave it to the town in 1900. He was said to have been the most influential political figure in Fairfax County at the turn of the century. . . . Map (db m6361) HM
30Virginia, Fairfax — Peyton Anderson
Peyton Anderson of the Rappahannock Cavalry was severely wounded on picket duty 122 ft. N.W. of this spot May 27, 1861. The first soldier of the South to shed his blood for the Confederacy.Map (db m129267) HM
31Virginia, Fairfax — Pozer GardenOld Town Fairfax
Pozer Garden honors Kitty Barrett Pozer, who owned the adjacent historic Ratcliffe-Allison House from 1927 until she bequeathed it to the City at her death in 1981. Mrs. Pozer had a lifelong interest in horticulture and was the Washington Post's . . . Map (db m129149) HM
32Virginia, Fairfax — Ralston's StoreBuilt 1895 — Old Town Fairfax —
This vernacular, commercial building is a typical example of construction at the turn of the century.Map (db m6295) HM
33Virginia, Fairfax — Ratcliffe Cemetery
Richard Ratcliffe (1752–1825) and wife Locian (1760–1826) are believed to be buried in this family cemetery along with their sons John, Samuel, Robert and Charles, and members of their respective families. Most tombstones found today are . . . Map (db m76715) HM
34Virginia, Fairfax — Ratcliffe-Allison House (Earp’s)Built 1812 — Old Town Fairfax —
This is the oldest house in the City of Fairfax and the first city-owned building to be placed on the National Register of Historic Places (1973). The oldest section of the house, the eastern portion, was built by Richard Ratcliffe around 1812 to . . . Map (db m6261) HM
35Virginia, Fairfax — Richard Ratcliffe’s Mount Vineyard Plantation
On the knoll 70 yards NE of this marker, stood the home of Richard Ratcliffe (1751-1825). The mansion was on his 600-acre "Mount Vineyard," part of a 1714 land grant of 1,930 acres to George Mason II. In 1798 Ratcliffe donated 4 acres to the east of . . . Map (db m101513) HM
36Virginia, Fairfax — The Legato SchoolOriginally built 1876-1877
Moved to its present site as part of the Fairfax County Public School Centennial in 1971Map (db m129154) HM
37Virginia, Fairfax — The Sauls HouseBuilt 1892
This charming 1892 Queen Anne Victorian House was the residence of Mary C. (Litchfield) Sauls from 1892 to 1920. After Mary's death, Mary's son, Hugh Grafton Sauls (1876-1948) and his wife Clara May (Ferguson) Sauls (1875-1972) continued to occupy . . . Map (db m129150) HM
38Virginia, Fairfax — Victorian Square AdditionBuilt 1986
Victorian Square Addition was completed in 1986 by the Lewis Family Associates adding additional retail shops and professional offices to 10389 Main Street.Map (db m129151) HM
39Virginia, Fairfax — Whiteheads Mercantile & Post OfficeBuilt 1895
Whiteheads Mercantile & Post Office served as the grocery store and post office for the Town of Fairfax from 1895 to 1902. It was then purchased by Hugh Grafton Sauls and his brother Charles William Sauls and became Sauls Brothers Grocery from 1903 . . . Map (db m129152) HM
40Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — A Tribute to The Men of Fairfax County
Who died in the spirit of Loyalty Served their country in 1917 - The World War - 1918 ————— Died in Service Thomas L. Brady, James F. Carper, Clarence M. Dawson, William I. Deardorff, Howard Derr, Percy J. . . . Map (db m75471) WM
41Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Battle of ChantillyOx Hill
On September 1, 1862, Confederate forces under the command of Major General Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson moved across and to the southwestern edge of this site to engage Union forces determined to prevent a glancing movement on demoralized Union . . . Map (db m110) HM
42Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — B-13 — Battle of Ox Hill(Chantilly)
Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's wing of the Army of Northern Virginia reached here 1 Sept. 1862. Jackson's march from the battlefield of Second Manassas turned the position of Maj. Gen. John Pope's army at Centreville and threatened the . . . Map (db m115) HM
43Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — C-19 — Bull Run Battlefields
Ten miles west were fought the two Battles of Manassas or Bull Run.Map (db m619) HM
44Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — BW-2 — Burke’s Station Raid
Burke’s Station, four miles south, was raided by Stuart’s cavalry, December, 1862. Stuart telegraphed to Washington complaining of the bad quality of the mules he had captured—a famous joke.Map (db m618) HM
45Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — David R. Pinn Community Center
After the Civil War, a small community of African Americans lived on Route 654, now known as Zion Drive. The Wrights, Hamiltons, Whites, and Pinns were farmers and laborers. In 1904, David R. & Sarah F. Pinn donated an acre of land to build Little . . . Map (db m57234) HM
46Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Fairfax Court HouseBuilt in 1800
This building, designed by James Wren, served as the first permanent courthouse of Fairfax County.Map (db m621) HM
47Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Fairfax Court HouseBuilt 1800 — Old Town Fairfax —
This building is on the National Register of Historic Places. George and Martha Washington’s wills were recorded here and still remain in this complex. Confederate President Jefferson Davis reviewed strategy in the tavern across the street with his . . . Map (db m6259) HM
48Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — E-98 — Fairfax Nike Missile Site
During the Cold War a ring of Nike anti-aircraft missile sites defended the nation’s capital, reminiscent of the perimeter of forts that protected it during the Civil War. Just east of here was located the launch control equipment for one of the . . . Map (db m2093) HM
49Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Manassas Gap RailroadIndependent Line
The Independent Line of the Manassas Gap Railroad ran through this area. Conceived to extend the Manassas Gap Railroad to Alexandria, grading on this part of the line began in September 1854. Financial problems stopped the work in May 1857. In . . . Map (db m528) HM
50Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — B-29 — Maryland (Antietam / Sharpsburg) Campaign
Following the Battle of Ox Hill (Chantilly) on 1 Sept. 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee pondered his options and strategy. Encouraged by Confederate victories and Federal disorganization, Lee acted quickly to continue the offensive. On 3 Sept., Lee's Army . . . Map (db m111) HM
51Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Monument to John Q. Marr
This stone marks the scene of the opening conflict of the war of 1861–1865, when John Q. Marr, Captain of the Warrenton Rifles, who was the first soldier killed in action, fell 800 ft. S. 46 W. Mag. of this spot, June 1st, 1861.Map (db m620) HM
52Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — Reid-Ballard HouseOnce a Prominent Landmark — Ox Hill (Chantilly) Battlefield —
The historic Reid-Ballard House once stood 140 yards west-northwest of this marker. The original log structure was built by Joseph Reid before the Revolution on land inherited by his wife, Barbara Walker Reid. The house and land passed to succeeding . . . Map (db m3216) HM
53Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillThe Death of Generals Stevens and Kearny — Second Manassas Campaign —
The Battle of Ox Hill (or Chantilly) was fought here, in rain and storm, on September 1, 1862. It was a bloody aftermath following the Second Battle of Manassas (August 28-30) where the Union Army under Gen. John Pope was defeated and driven across . . . Map (db m116) HM
54Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillThe Attack and Death of General Stevens
Acting to protect Pope’s line of retreat along the Warrenton Turnpike, Brigadier General Isaac Stevens, commanding the 1st Division, IX Corps, seized the initiative and ordered an attack. With storm clouds threatening and artillery fire booming . . . Map (db m15160) HM
55Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillThe Battle of “Chantilly” (Ox Hill) — Then & Now
This early 20th-century photograph of the “Chantilly” battlefield was published by Fairfax County in 1907. The photo was taken from a vantage point a short distance ahead and to the right, beyond the park. It shows the pasture of the . . . Map (db m15162) HM
56Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillAttack of General Birney’s Brigade
A courier with an urgent request galloped up to 1st Division, III Corps commander Major General Philip Kearny on the Warrenton Turnpike. General Stevens’ division had intercepted Stonewall Jackson’s column on the Little River Turnpike and was in . . . Map (db m15163) HM
57Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillThe Death of General Kearny
As a rainy darkness enveloped the battlefield, Major General Philip Kearny rode eastward to investigate the reported gap in the Union line. Reigning up in the pasture, Kearny became alarmed that Stevens’ division had abandoned that part of the field . . . Map (db m15165) HM
58Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillBoulders and Quartz Stone — The Spot Where General Stevens Fell —
The boulders and quartz stone beside this fence mark the location where Union General Isaac Stevens fell with the flag of the 79th New York “Highlanders” during the initial Union assault. Here, Stevens’ troops threw down the fence and . . . Map (db m15168) HM
59Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillKearny's Stump and the Monument Lot
The history of this small granite monument, marked simply “Kearny’s Stump,” is a mystery. According to tradition, a tree stood here at the time of the Ox Hill battle that subsequently became known as the “Kearny Tree.” It was . . . Map (db m15172) HM
60Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillGeneral Reno's Probe East of Ox Road
While General Stevens’ division attacked the Confederates on this side of Ox Road, part of General Jesse Reno’s division entered the woods east of the road to protect Stevens’ flank and probe the Confederate line. Reno’s two leading regiments . . . Map (db m15180) HM
61Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox Hill
(Kiosk Panel): Ox Hill Battlefield Park & Interpretive Trail This small park is the last remnant of Fairfax County’s only major Civil War battlefield. The Battle of Ox Hill, also known as the “Battle of Chantilly,” lasted but . . . Map (db m15599) HM
62Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox Hill
(Kiosk Panel): Sequel to Second Manassas The Battle of Ox Hill, September 1, 1862 The Confederate victory at Second Manassas (August 28-30, 1862) forced Union General John Pope’s Army of Virginia to retreat to the heights of Centreville. . . . Map (db m15618) HM
63Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox Hill
(Kiosk Panel): Wounds Suffered at Ox Hill (Chantilly) September 1, 1862 Union Soldiers 4th Maine, 2nd Brigade (Birney), Kearny’s Division: Pvt. Lorenzo E. Dickey, Co. A, Age 21: At Chantilly, received gunshot would in right . . . Map (db m15620) HM
64Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillAftermath: The Invasion of Maryland
The clash at Ox Hill ended the Second Manassas Campaign. A small force of 6,000 Union soldiers had battled to a stalemate a much larger Confederate force of 17,000 of whom about 10,000 were engaged. In little more than two hours, the Confederates . . . Map (db m167070) HM
65Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — The Battle of Ox HillKearny and Stevens Monuments
In July 1915, John and Mary Ballard deeded a 50x100-foot lot on their farm to six trustees, three from Virginia and three from New Jersey, General Kearny’s home state. The small lot was reserved for monuments to any Confederate or Federal soldier . . . Map (db m167071) HM
66Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — War DogsAlways Faithful
War Dogs Always Faithful War Dog Monument Given to Fairfax County Virginia June 2011 Deployed World War II Korean Conflict Vietnam War Gulf War Iraq War Afghan War Erected by The National War Dogs Monument Inc. - . . . Map (db m74125) WM
67Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — World War II POW Camp Site
A state road work camp located in the vicinity of this site housed 199 German prisoners of war from July to November 1945. It was one of seven work camps in the commonwealth of Virginia. Prisoners worked on local farms to alleviate the labor . . . Map (db m128385) HM
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Apr. 11, 2021