“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fayetteville, North Carolina

Clickable Map of Cumberland County, North Carolina and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Cumberland County, NC (111) Bladen County, NC (10) Harnett County, NC (32) Hoke County, NC (6) Moore County, NC (16) Robeson County, NC (17) Sampson County, NC (7)  CumberlandCounty(111) Cumberland County (111)  BladenCounty(10) Bladen County (10)  HarnettCounty(32) Harnett County (32)  HokeCounty(6) Hoke County (6)  MooreCounty(16) Moore County (16)  RobesonCounty(17) Robeson County (17)  SampsonCounty(7) Sampson County (7)
Fayetteville is the county seat for Cumberland County
Fayetteville is in Cumberland County
      Cumberland County (111)  
      Bladen County (10)  
      Harnett County (32)  
      Hoke County (6)  
      Moore County (16)  
      Robeson County (17)  
      Sampson County (7)  
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1North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — 1897 Poe House
Built in 1897 by Fayetteville businessman E. A. Poe and his wife, Josephine, the house is part of the Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex. It is representative of upper-middle-class homes of the period. Tours offer a glimpse of life in the . . . Map (db m24447) HM
2North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Arsenal
This tablet marks the site of an important arsenal of the Confederate government. Authorized by the United States Congress, 1836; captured by North Carolina, April 22, 1861; transferred to the Confederate government, June 5, 1861; and destroyed by . . . Map (db m24327) HM
3North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Arsenal Park
Crises cause us to act. The crisis created by the United States' military unpreparedness during the War of 1812 resulted in the planning and building of additional arsenals for the nation's defense. Congress appropriated monies in 1836 for an . . . Map (db m24362) HM
4North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Arsenal Stones
These stones formed part of the foundations for buildings within the main arsenal compound. When United States troops destroyed the arsenal in 1865, local citizens salvaged usable building materials. The state moved these remaining stones when the . . . Map (db m24359) HM
5North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-53 — Babe Ruth
Hit his first home run in professional baseball, March, 1914, 135 yds. N.W. In this town George Herman Ruth acquired the nickname "Babe."Map (db m24633) HM
6North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-80 — Bank of the United States
Second national bank opened branch in 1818 in Fayetteville. Bank operated, 1820-1835, in house one block east.Map (db m30882) HM
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7North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Burning of Clarendon Bridge — Confederates Evacuate Fayetteville — Carolinas Campaign —
(preface) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush . . . Map (db m70380) HM
8North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-63 — C. M. Stedman — 1841 - 1930
Last Confederate officer in Congress, 1911-1930; lawyer & lt.-governor. Grave is 2 blks. east.Map (db m30905) HM
9North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-54 — Campbelton
Colonial river port, incorporated in 1762. Later merged with Cross Creek to form the town of Fayetteville.Map (db m30872) HM
10North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-32 — Charles W. Chesnutt — 1858 - 1932
Negro novelist and short story writer, teacher and lawyer. Taught in a school which stood here.Map (db m30892) HM
11North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-70 — Charter of the University of N. C.
William R. Davie's bill to charter the University was adopted by the General Assembly meeting nearby, Dec. 11, 1789.Map (db m24399) HM
12North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Confederate War Memorial
In memory of the Confederate Dead On Fames eternal camping ground Their silent Tents are spread. Rest on embalmed & sainted dead Dear as the blood ye gave. Nor shall your glory be forgot While Fame her record keeps Or honor . . . Map (db m30896) WM
13North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Confederate Women's Home
Built in 1915 for the widows and daughters of state's Confederate veterans. Closed, 1981. Cemetery 300 yds. W.Map (db m30822) HM
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14North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-9 — Cornwallis
Marching to Wilmington after the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, stopped with his army in this town in April, 1781.Map (db m30899) HM
15North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-10 — Cross Creek
Colonial village and trading center, merged in 1778 with town of Campbelton and in 1783 renamed Fayetteville.Map (db m24394) HM
16North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Cross Creek Cemetery — Confederate Burial Grounds
This is the oldest public cemetery in Fayetteville, begun in 1785. Mrs. Anne K. Kyle, who served as a nurse in the hospital here during the Civil War, established the Confederate Burial Ground soon after Union Gen. William T. Sherman and his army . . . Map (db m30940) HM
17North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Cross Creek Linear Park — Our Pathway to the Future
1. Cool Spring Cool Spring is located on the south bank of Cross Creek, which winds its way through downtown Fayetteville. The spring was the primary soucre of water first for Native Americans and subsequently for the European pioneers. It . . . Map (db m31149) HM
18North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Cumberland County Confederate Memorial
The Women of Cumberland to their Confederate Dead May 20, 1861 - May 10, 1902 They died in defence of their Rights For they should fall the tears of a nation's grief. Lord God of Hosts be with us yet, . . . Map (db m31143) HM
19North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Currahee Rocks
The rock base beneath Iron Mike has its own story. In July 1942 over 5,000 men arrived at Camp Toccoa for training as a new type of soldier, a Paratrooper. Over the next few years over 17,000 soldiers of the 501st, 506th, 511th, and the 517th . . . Map (db m77343) HM WM
20North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Edward J. Hale House — Civil War Publisher — Carolinas Campaign —
Across the street is the Hale-Williams House, notable for the variety of architectural styles it incorporates as well as for the prominence of its builder, Edward Jones Hale. Hale bought this property in 1847 and constructed the house in the 1850s. . . . Map (db m70360) HM
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21North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Engine House (1838 - 1848) — Arsenal Park
The engine house received its first engine in 1859 and served as the power source for the smith and gun carriage shops.Map (db m24419) HM
22North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Fayetteville Arsenal — "Batter … into piles of rubble" — Carolinas Campaign —
[Preface at top left] The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . Map (db m24355) HM
23North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-31 — Fayetteville State University
Est. 1867 as Howard School. State-supported since 1877. A part of The University of North Carolina since 1972.Map (db m24385) HM
24North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — First Presbyterian Church
Organized in 1800. The original building, begun in 1816, rebuilt on same walls after fire of 1831, stands one block west.Map (db m24390) HM
25North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-28 — First Presbyterian Church
Organized in 1800. The original building, begun in 1816, rebuilt on same walls after fire of 1831, stands one block east.Map (db m24392) HM
26North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Flora MacDonald
Scottish heroine resided here 1774 - 1775Map (db m24445) HM
27North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Flora Macdonald
. . . Map (db m30983) HM
28North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Forging and Casting [and] Smith's Shops (1839 - 1842) — Arsenal Park
The lighter brick in this pad outlines the foundations of two shops, the smiths and the forging and casting. These shops were built simultaneously between 1839 and 1842. During Confederate occupation, these shops, along with the engine house, were . . . Map (db m24420) HM
29North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-60 — Frank P. Graham — 1886 - 1972
First president of Consolidated U.N.C., 1932-1949. U.S. senator; U.N. mediator, India & Pakistan. Birthplace was 50 yds. W.Map (db m30894) HM
30North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Gun Carriage and Turning Shop (1842 - 1849) — Arsenal Park
This area is where most woodworking operations took place. It was also known as the carpenter's shop. Wagon and gun carriage wheels, as well as other wooden parts, were made here.Map (db m24421) HM
31North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-62 — Henry Evans
Free black cobbler & minister. Built first Methodist church in Fayetteville. Died 1810. Buried 2 blocks north.Map (db m30884) HM
32North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Highsmith-Rainey Memorial Hospital
Highsmith Hospital opened in 1901 on Green Street in downtown Fayetteville as the first private hospital in North Carolina. In 1926 the hospital was relocated to the corner of Hay Street and Bradford Avenue. The hospital opened on its present site . . . Map (db m70361) HM
33North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-86 — Hiram R. Revels — 1822 - 1901
First African American to serve in Congress, he represented Mississippi in Senate, 1870-1871. Born in Fayetteville.Map (db m24402) HM
34North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-4 — James C. Dobbin
Secretary of United States Navy, 1853-57. Helped found State Hospital for Insane. Home one block north.Map (db m24330) HM
35North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — James Dobbin McNeill
President Emeritus North Carolina State Firemen's Association Born in Asheboro, N.C. March 4, 1850 Died in Fayetteville, N.C. February 9, 1927 A beloved citizen and courageous statesman Six times Mayor of Fayetteville Thrice President . . . Map (db m24448) HM
36North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-79 — John England — 1786 - 1842
Bishop of Charleston. He organized Roman Catholics in N.C. at Fayetteville Convention, & consecrated St. Patrick Church, 1829. Present church 4/10 mi. E.Map (db m24634) HM
37North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-12 — Lafayette
On March 4-5, 1825, was guest of Fayetteville (named for him 1783), staying at home of Duncan McRae, on site of present courthouse.Map (db m24377) HM
38North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Liberty Point
This historic structure, circa 1791, is the oldest known commercial building in Fayetteville. It was restored as a community service by Fayetteville's hometown newspaper.Map (db m24432) HM
39North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Liberty Point Declaration of Independence
At or near this place ever since known as “Liberty Point” was promulgated in June 1775, by patriots of the Cape Fear A Declaration of Independence of the British Crown. . . . Map (db m24431) HM
40North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-13 — MacPherson Church
Presbyterian. Founded by early Scottish settlers. Graves of Alexander MacPherson and T. H. Holmes, a Confederate general, 1½ miles N.Map (db m121984) HM
41North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-55 — Methodist University
Chartered 1956 as four-year liberal arts college. Opened September 1960. University since 2006.Map (db m30572) HM
42North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — North Carolina — Civil War Trails
North Carolina's Civil War stories are as diverse as its landscape. The Outer Banks and coastal rivers saw action early in the war, as Union forces occupied the region. Stories abound of naval battles, blockade running, Federal raids, and the . . . Map (db m24357) HM
43North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — North Carolina Arsenal
The courses of lighter colored brick found in this brick pad represent foundations uncovered while preparing the area for construction. The walls were part of the main arsenal building which was started in 1838 and completed in fall of 1839. The . . . Map (db m70359) HM
44North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-14 — Old Town Hall
Built on site of the "State House," burned 1831, where the North Carolina Convention of 1789 ratified the Federal Constitution.Map (db m24397) HM
45North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-89 — Omar Ibn Said
Muslim slave & scholar. African born, he penned autobiography in Arabic. 1831. Lived in a Bladen County and worshipped with local Presbyterians.Map (db m94902) HM
46North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Parade Ground — Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry
The Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry is North Carolina's oldest military unit and the second-oldest militia organization in the U.S. At the start of the Civil War, after North Carolina seceded, the company enrolled in active service for . . . Map (db m31109) HM
47North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-21 — Plank Roads
Fayetteville was the focal point for five plank roads, chartered 1849-52. The longest was built to Bethania, 129 miles northwest.Map (db m24395) HM
48North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Plummer Bridge
This bridge dedicated in memory of Lenox Eugene Plummer 1914 - 1979 Fayetteville City Councilmember for twenty four years who encouraged this city to “Always feed everyone out of the same spoon” John W. . . . Map (db m31202) HM
49North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Saint Patrick Catholic Church
First parish to be established under the North Carolina Catholic Church Constitution February 4, 1824. First Catholic Church consecrated in North Carolina March 17, 1829. Original location Bow Street, Fayetteville, North Carolina.Map (db m24636) HM
50North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Scotch Spring
Located one block to the north, on the north side of Maiden Lane, Scotch Spring was owned by two prominent citizens, Robert Cochran and John Hay, and was a major water source for Fayetteville in the late eighteenth century. Throughout the nineteenth . . . Map (db m30998) HM
51North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Settlement of the Upper Cape Fear
[Thistle symbol] Commemorating the settlement of the Upper Cape Fear by the Highland Scotch Two Hundredth Anniversary Map (db m31148) HM
52North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-18 — Sherman's Army
Invading North Carolina, Sherman's army occupied Fayetteville, Mar. 11-14, 1865, destroying the Confederate Arsenal, which stood 1 mile W.Map (db m57295) HM
53North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Southwest Tower (1849 - 1856) — Arsenal Park
This was the last of the four arsenal towers to be built. In the original plans, this tower was to be the guard and prison rooms.Map (db m24415) HM
54North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — The "Ghost" Tower — Arsenal Park
The northwest tower (1) was the first of the arsenal's four towers to be built (1839-1840) and initially served as the facility's temporary office. The three-story octagonal towers protruded beyond the corners of the main compound and were a . . . Map (db m24365) HM
55North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — II-1 — The Battle of Bentonville — March 19, 20, and 21, 1865
At Bentonville, General William T. Sherman's Union Army, advancing from Fayetteville toward Goldsboro, met and battled the Confederate Army of General Joseph E. Johnston. General Robert E. Lee had directed the Confederates to make a stand in . . . Map (db m20535) HM
56North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — The Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry Company — F. I. L. I. — 1793 - 1993 —
[Front] Whereas in obedience to President George Washington's Militia Act and the threat of war with European powers, the F.I.L.I. was organized on or near this spot on August 23, 1793, under the leadership of Captain Robert Adam, . . . Map (db m31112) HM
57North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-61 — The Fayetteville Observer
Oldest N.C. newspaper still being published. Begun 1816 as weekly; daily since 1896. E. J. Hale, editor, 1824-1865.Map (db m24635) HM
58North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — The Market House — Site of a Shootout — Carolinas Campaign —
On Saturday morning, March 11, 1865, a brief skirmish took place here at the Market House as Confederate forces evacuated Fayetteville while Union Gen. William T. Sherman's army entered the town. A rear guard detachment under Gen. Wade Hampton . . . Map (db m24442) HM
59North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — The Sandford House — Barracks for Union Troops — Carolinas Campaign —
Duncan McLeran constructed this two-story Federal-style dwelling in 1797. In 1820, the property was sold and remodeled to accommodate the Bank of the United States, the first federal bank in North Carolina. The house is named for John Sanford, a . . . Map (db m70374) HM WM
60North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — Town House
Lafayette was escorted from the Clarendon Bridge to the Town House, which stood at this site. A spacious stage had been erected in front of the Town House. The various military units formed lines on each side of the street, and Lafayette's carriage . . . Map (db m24449) HM
61North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-2 — U.S. Arsenal
Authorized by Congress 1836. Taken over by Confederacy, 1861. Destroyed March 1865, by Sherman. Ruins stand 2 blocks S.W.Map (db m24328) HM
62North Carolina (Cumberland County), Fayetteville — I-65 — Warren Winslow — 1810 - 1862
Acting Governor, 1854; Congressman, 1855-1861. Negotiated surrender of local U.S. arsenal in 1861. Grave 40 yds. SE.Map (db m30871) HM
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Sep. 30, 2022