“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fort Mitchell, Alabama

Clickable Map of Russell County, Alabama and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Russell County, AL (69) Barbour County, AL (67) Bullock County, AL (23) Lee County, AL (73) Macon County, AL (89) Chattahoochee County, GA (19) Muscogee County, GA (176) Stewart County, GA (29)  RussellCounty(69) Russell County (69)  BarbourCounty(67) Barbour County (67)  BullockCounty(23) Bullock County (23)  LeeCounty(73) Lee County (73)  MaconCounty(89) Macon County (89)  ChattahoocheeCountyGeorgia(19) Chattahoochee County (19)  MuscogeeCounty(176) Muscogee County (176)  StewartCounty(29) Stewart County (29)
Phenix City is the county seat for Russell County
Fort Mitchell is in Russell County
      Russell County (69)  
      Barbour County (67)  
      Bullock County (23)  
      Lee County (73)  
      Macon County (89)  
      Chattahoochee County, Georgia (19)  
      Muscogee County, Georgia (176)  
      Stewart County, Georgia (29)  
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1Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Address by President Lincoln — At the Dedication of The Gettysburg National Cemetery — November 19, 1863 —
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, . . . Map (db m120002) WM
2Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Archaeology And Our Understanding of the Creek People — Creek Heritage Trail —
Archaeology is the scientific study of the past through analysis of physical traces of daily life discovered through excavation. It enables us to extend our knowledge of human history beyond the limits of written records and to learn details about . . . Map (db m101816) HM
3Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Asbury School and Mission — 1 Mile North of Ft. Mitchell
In September 1821 Rev. William Capers was sent to Fort Mitchell, by the South Carolina Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, to negotiate with the chiefs of the Creek Indian Nations for a mission which would teach their children reading, . . . Map (db m26121) HM
4Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Bartram's Trail
William Bartram, American's first native born artist - naturalist, passed through Russell County during the Revolutionary era, making the first scientific notations of its flora, fauna and inhabitants. As the appointed botanist of Britain's King . . . Map (db m164144) HM
5Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Creek Towns — Creek Heritage Trail — Historic Chattahoochee Commission —
Creek Towns At its height, the Creek Nation consisted of about 20,000 people living in more than seventy townships, or talwas (tvlwv), scattered throughout modern-day Alabama and Georgia. Creek townships commonly consisted of a primary . . . Map (db m120007) HM
6Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Cultural Exchange and Cooperation — Creek Heritage Trail — Historic Chattahoochee Commission —
Cultural Exchange and Cooperation Though significant cultural conflict characterized Creek-American relations in the Chattahoochee Valley, and Creeks faced numerous forms of exploitation, not all relationships between Creeks and settlers were . . . Map (db m120019) HM
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7Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell — <----- 5 miles -----
Built during Creek War 1813 by Georgia Militia on main Indian trade route to Tombigbee River U.S. Troops stationed here until 1837 1836 Lower Creeks corralled here for forced removal to the WestMap (db m26069) HM
8Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell
Fort Mitchell Fort Mitchell is located on the Federal Road on the West bank overlooking the Chattahoochee River. General John Floyd received orders from Governor David B. Mitchell to pick up supplies, cross the Chattahoochee River and . . . Map (db m120003) HM
9Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell and Creek Removal — Creek Heritage Trail —
Fort Mitchell served as a primary point of concentration for creeks being sent westward to Indian Territory before, during, and after the Second Creek War (1836-1837). By the terms of the 1832 Treaty of Washington, Creek heads of household and . . . Map (db m101840) HM
10Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Fort Mitchell Military Cemetery
This military graveyard was established soon after Fort Mitchell was built by General John Floyd of the Georgia Militia. Located just south of the stockade, the cemetery was used between 1813 and 1840 during the fort's occupation by Georgia and . . . Map (db m26122) HM
11Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Indian Ball Ground
The most popular game among the Indians of this region was "stick ball." This field has been constructed so that the game may be enjoyed again in the Chattahoochee Valley where it was played for hundreds of years. Sometimes known as "little brother . . . Map (db m26020) HM
12Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — J.W. and Ethel I. Woodruff Foundation Interpretive Trail
Native plants played a significant role in the daily life of the Creek Indian civilization that inhabited the Chattahoochee Valley until relocation to Oklahoma in the 19th century. During the Woodland Period, the local inhabitants were skilled . . . Map (db m48166) HM
13Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — James Cantey
Near here was the home of Confederate Brigadier General James Cantey who arrived in 1849 to operate a plantation owned by his father. Prior to coming to Russell County he had practiced law at his birthplace, Camden, South Carolina, and had . . . Map (db m81715) HM
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14Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — John Crowell
Near here is the site where John Crowell lived, died, and is interred. Colonel Crowell was born in Halifax County, North Carolina, on September 18, 1780; moved to Alabama in 1815, having been appointed as Agent of the United States to the . . . Map (db m26116) HM
15Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Pokkecheta, or the Ball Play — Creek Heritage Trail —
Pokkecheta, or the ball play, was an ancient and vital part of the social life of the Creeks and a popular game among many groups of Southeastern Indians. The game enhanced interaction between towns and provided highly ritualized sport and . . . Map (db m101817) HM
16Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Removal of the Creeks
Side 1 The Creek Indians and their neighbors, the Yuchi, once lived in these woods in harmony with nature and in accordance with their beliefs and customs. During the 1700s and early 1800s, they were progressively dispossessed of . . . Map (db m101282) HM
17Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — The Census of 1832
In 1832, a treaty with the United States allotted parcels of land to every Indian household in the Valley. A government census enumerated, according to tribal towns, every Indian head of household, along with the number of males, females, and slaves . . . Map (db m101415) HM
18Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — The Creek Nation / The Chattahoochee Indian Heritage Center
The Creek Nation The Creek Nation was a loose confederacy of independent towns that ranks among the most sophisticated and powerful native political organizations in North American history. Largely speakers of the Muskogee dialect, the . . . Map (db m101284) HM
19Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — The Creek Trail of Tears
Approximately one mile due east of this marker, back down the Old Federal Road, called by frontiersmen and Indians the Three Notched Trail or the Three Chopped Way, stood Fort Mitchell, an early 19th century American fort that in 1836 was one of the . . . Map (db m26100) HM
20Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — The Creeks Today — Creek Heritage Trail —
Today there are federally recognized Creek tribal groups in Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, and Alabama. The largest, the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, is based in the state of Oklahoma. The nation is comprised of the descendants of the Creeks who were . . . Map (db m101823) HM
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21Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — United States Indian Trading Post
United States Indian Trading Post The Battle of Horseshoe Bend, March 1814, ended the Creek Indian War. General Andrew Jackson met with Chief William Weatherford and signed the Treaty. The Creek Indians returned to their own land in the . . . Map (db m120004) HM
22Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — Veteran Memorials at Fort Mitchell
In Honor of Those Who Served Our Country Presented by Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States May 30, 1989Map (db m63420) WM
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Oct. 5, 2022