“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
63 entries match your criteria.

Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fort Monroe, Virginia

Clickable Map of Hampton, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Hampton Ind. City, VA (214) Newport News Ind. City, VA (255) Norfolk Ind. City, VA (111) Northampton County, VA (52) Poquoson Ind. City, VA (14) Portsmouth Ind. City, VA (103) Virginia Beach Ind. City, VA (167) York County, VA (169)  Hampton(214) Hampton (214)  NewportNews(255) Newport News (255)  Norfolk(111) Norfolk (111)  NorthamptonCounty(52) Northampton County (52)  Poquoson(14) Poquoson (14)  Portsmouth(103) Portsmouth (103)  VirginiaBeach(167) Virginia Beach (167)  YorkCounty(169) York County (169)
Location of Fort Monroe
    Hampton (214)
    Newport News (255)
    Norfolk (111)
    Northampton County (52)
    Poquoson (14)
    Portsmouth (103)
    Virginia Beach (167)
    York County (169)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — "Ruth Window"Chevers Chapel
Dedicated in honor of Army wivesMap (db m166581) WM
2Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Lantaka
Captured by U.S. forces during the Philippine Insurrection,   c. 1900.Map (db m85984) WM
3Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — 12-Pounder Gun-HowitzerModel 1857
. . . Map (db m42458) HM
4Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — 12-Pounder HowitzerModel 1841
Bronze field piece Made for Confederates in 1862 by Tredegar Foundry, Richmond Smoothbore Diameter of bore     4.62 inches Overall length     58.6 inches Range     1072 yards (0.5 miles)Map (db m42457) HM
5Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — 12-Pounder Howitzer
Fired a 12-pound cannonball. Probably captured during the Philippine Insurection,   c. 1900.Map (db m42472) HM
6Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — 14 – Pounder James Rifle
Bronze field gun Made in 1862 for Union Forces by Ames Mfg. Company Chicopee, Massachusetts Diameter of Bore     4.125 inches Overall Length         73 inches Weight                   912 poundsMap (db m42463) HM
7Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — 3 – Inch Ordnance RifleModel 1861
. . . Map (db m42470) HM
8Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — A Bay Worth PreservingFort Monroe
Approximately 200 miles long, with a surface area of 4,479 square miles, the Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States—and the third largest in the world. It is known for its beauty as well as its bounty, and supports more . . . Map (db m166615) HM
9Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — An Enduring Legacy?Fort Monroe
This memorial to Jefferson Davis, for some, conjures up a sense of heritage and history. For others, it is a symbol of hate and highlights the intent to exclude African Americans from public life and civil liberties. This memorial was placed here . . . Map (db m166582) HM
10Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Austrian 6-Pounder Gun
Bronze field piece Diameter of bore       3.74 inches Overall length       63 inches Made in Vienna in 1812Map (db m42461) HM
11Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Austrian 6-Pounder Gun
Bronze field piece purchased by Confederates abroad Originally rifled; Converted to smoothbore Diameter of bore     3.74 inches Overall length   62 inches Made in Vienna in 1857Map (db m42464) HM
12Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Battery IrwinFort Monroe
The Battery was a light, rapid-fire battery with four 3-inch, 15-pounder guns was designed to defend Fort Monroe's controlled mine fields and against fast moving torpedo boats. The Battery was built from early spring 1900 to 1901; the guns were . . . Map (db m166642) HM
13Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Battery ParrottFort Monroe
Battery Parrott was a relatively-modern Endicott emplacement designed to defend Hampton Roads from attacking battleships. The Battery was constructed between 1902 and 1904, while its guns were mounted in 1905. The Battery was transferred to the . . . Map (db m166641) HM
14Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-92 — Confinement of Jefferson Davis
In this casemate Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, was confined, May 22-October 2, 1865. As his health suffered in the casemate, he was removed to Carroll Hall in the fortress, where he remained from October, 1865, until May, . . . Map (db m10144) HM
15Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Contraband HospitalSite of Contraband Hospital — Fort Monroe —
The "Contraband" Hospital at Fort Monroe was constructed in 1863 on Ingalls Road to treat the wounded and sick former enslaved men, women and children. Harriet Tubman would serve here as a nurse and cook for several months.Map (db m166645) HM
16Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Contraband QuartersSite of Contraband Quarters — Fort Monroe —
Following the "Contraband Decision" of 1861, tens of thousands of enslaved men, women, and children fled to Fort Monroe seeking freedom leading to the creation of several "contraband" camps in the surrounding area. The corner of Ingalls and . . . Map (db m166644) HM
17Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Digging Up The PastFort Monroe
In the summer of 2018, archaeologists excavated the area around this building. They uncovered masonry foundations and other structural elements of the 19th-century Head Engineer Quarters as well as a connected outbuilding. The quarters were . . . Map (db m166635) HM
18Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Engineer Wharf
Built by the Corps of Engineers about 1818, this was for many years a very important wharf. Jefferson Davis was landed here as a prisoner on May 22, 1865.Map (db m103842) HM
19Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Enormous Undertaking: The Fort's ConstructionFort Monroe
During the War of 1812, British soldiers burned Hampton and occupied the Old Point Comfort Lighthouse. The British Navy sailed unopposed all the way up the Chesapeake Bay to Fort McHenry in Baltimore, burning Washington, DC, along the way. After . . . Map (db m166593) HM
20Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Eprouvette Mortar
Not a weapon; Used for testing powder Iron smoothbore Diameter of bore       5.655 inches Cast with bed-piece to give an elevation of 45 degrees Made in 1858 Initials of inspector on muzzle Peter V. HagnerMap (db m42468) HM
21Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-96 — First Africans in Virginia
The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived in August 1619 when a Dutch man-of-war landed here at Point Comfort. The Dutch captured the “twenty and odd” Africans from the Spanish, who had enslaved them, and traded them to the . . . Map (db m73826) HM
22Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-96 — First Africans in Virginia
The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived here in Aug. 1619 on the White Lion, an English privateer based in the Netherlands. Colonial officials traded food for these “20 and odd” Africans, who had been captured from a . . . Map (db m129864) HM
23Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Flood of August 23, 1933
The mark below shows the height to which flood waters of August 23, 1933 reached.Map (db m166633) HM
24Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-89 — Fort Algernourne
Near here Captain John Ratcliffe built Fort Algernourne, 1609. In 1614, it was a stockade containing fifty people and seven cannon. In 1632, the fort was rebuilt. It was discontinued after 1667. In 1727, a new fort, Fort George, was ordered built . . . Map (db m73818) HM
25Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-90 — Fort Monroe
The fort was begun in 1819 and named for President James Monroe. It remained in possession of the Union forces, 1861-65, and from it as a base McClellan began the Peninsular Campaign, 1862. Jefferson Davis was imprisoned here, 1865-67.Map (db m10319) HM
26Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort MonroeFreedom’s Fortress — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
Fort Monroe is the largest stone fortification ever built in the United States. Construction began in 1819 and continued for 15 years. Second Lt. Robert E. Lee served as an engineer at Fort Monroe from 1831 to 1834. During the Civil War, Fort . . . Map (db m10357) HM
27Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort MonroeQuarters No. 1
In this house President Abraham Lincoln stayed during his visit of May 6-11, 1862. It was here that President Lincoln, General Wool and Commodore Goldborough planned the attack on Norfolk, Virginia.Map (db m138062) HM
28Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe
Explore Fort Monroe 400+ Years of History For over 400 years the point of land known as Old Point Comfort, which now includes Fort Monroe has served as a strategic site at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. From its use by Virginia . . . Map (db m166579) HM
29Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort MonroeFreedom's Fortress — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
Fort Monroe is the largest stone fortification ever built in the United States. Construction began in 1819 and continued for 15 years. Second Lt. Robert E. Lee served as an engineer at Fort Monroe from 1831 to 1834. During the Civil War, Fort . . . Map (db m166589) HM
30Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe Arsenal
Building 27 was constructed about 1860. During the Civil War, and for a number of years after, it was occupied by the machine shop of the Fort Monroe Arsenal. This arsenal specialized in the manufacture of seacoast gun carriages.Map (db m103841) HM
31Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe Concrete Seawall Eastern Terminus
Fort Monroe Concrete Seawall Eastern Terminus The place where you are standing marks the terminus of a seawall constructed along the southern shores of Old Point Comfort at various periods between 1895 to the mid-twentieth century. This seawall . . . Map (db m102144) HM
32Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe History
For Your Information Safety is our top priority at Fort Monroe Fort Monroe History Fort Monroe, decommissioned in 2011, provided coastal defense to the Chesapeake Bay and served as an artillery school for the Army from the early . . . Map (db m103898) HM
33Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe History
Fort Monroe, decommissioned in 2011, provided coastal defense to the Chesapeake Bay and served as an artillery school for the Army from the early 1800s through the end of World War ll. During that time, the Army fired unknown numbers of cannonballs, . . . Map (db m103899) HM
34Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe Seawall HistoryProtecting the Coast
Strategic Location Fort Monroe occupies a peninsula in the shape of the letter "J" or a “fishhook" surrounded by the Chesapeake Bay, Hampton Roads, and Mill Creek. The southern tip of the peninsula is known as Old Point Comfort . . . Map (db m103859) HM
35Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe Seawall HistorySeawall Construction Details
The first concrete seawall, constructed at Fort Monroe between March and August of 1895, was designed to provide better protection against coastal flooding and erosion. This concrete wall extended 664 feet from the eastern edge of . . . Map (db m103860) HM
36Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe's Arc Of FreedomFort Monroe
In 1619, Virginia Colony Secretary John Rolfe stated that "20, and odd Negroes" had been traded for supplies. In 1861, at the start of the American Civil War, three enslaved men sought refuge at Fort Monroe. The federal commander, Major . . . Map (db m166614) HM
37Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-94 — Freedom’s Fortress
Fort Monroe was the site of Major General Benjamin F. Butler’s decision in 1861 to accept escaping slaves as “contraband of war.” Thousands of former slaves who cast off their bondage and sought sanctuary here called this “The . . . Map (db m10366) HM
38Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Harbor Defense Regimental Distinctive Insignia
Harbor defense regiments were formed in the Coast Artillery Corps from SEP companies in 1924. The distinctive insignia of these regiments and station of the regimental headquarters in 1939 are shown on the signs of this battery. The regiments were . . . Map (db m103843) HM
39Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Honoring Dr. John J. Craven
Honoring Dr. John J. Craven of the United States Army Whose Humanity, Intelligent Companionship and Professional Skill Lightened The Monotony, The Loneliness and the Physical Suffering of Jefferson Davis President of The Former . . . Map (db m102138) WM
40Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — How Big Is Fort Monroe?Fort Monroe
Very big… Fort Monroe is a giant among forts—the largest masonry fort ever built in the United States. The main fortification covers 63 acres and the walls stretch 1.3 miles around it. The fort is so big that it took 15 years to build . . . Map (db m166637) HM
41Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Hurricane Isabel
High Water Mark Hurricane Isabel September 18, 2003 Map (db m166634) HM
42Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Jefferson Davis Memorial ArchFort Monroe
The Jefferson Davis Memorial Arch was erected in 1956 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, with the permission of the US Army, to commemorate the imprisonment of Confederate President Jefferson Davis at Fort Monroe. The arch was . . . Map (db m166584) HM
43Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — John Mitchel
In memory of John Mitchel Nov. 30, 1815 – Mar. 20, 1875 Fearless and courageous southern journalist Staunch supporter of the Confederacy Editor-in-Chief, Richmond (VA) Enquirer Associate Editor, Richmond (VA) Examiner 1862 – 1865 who . . . Map (db m16343) HM
44Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Lantaka
Probably used by Moros during the Philippine Insurrection,   c. 1900.Map (db m42467) HM
45Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Lee's Quarters
Robert E. Lee, future Confederate General, was stationed at Fort Monroe 1831-1834 as a lieutenant of engineers. He had almost complete charge of construction and put the finishing touches on the fort. Lee's first child was born here in 1832.Map (db m8614) HM
46Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Lieutenant John Trout Greble
In memory of first U.S. regular army officer killed in action during the Civil War Lieutenant John Trout Greble 2d U.S. Artillery USMA class of 1854 A member of this garrison killed in action at Big Bethel 10 June 1861 USMA graduates Fort . . . Map (db m16346) HM
47Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Notable Locations in the Hampton Roads
1. Fort Monroe — largest stone fort built in U.S. (1819-34). Home of Artillery School (1824-1906). Coast Artillery School (1907-1946) and other major commands. 2. Fort Wool — man-made island built on shoals by U.S. Army . . . Map (db m166588) HM
48Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-93 — Old Point Comfort Light
The lighthouse, built in 1802, is the oldest standing structure at Fort Monroe. It remains an active navigational aid, the property of the U.S. Coast Guard. During the War of 1812, the tower was used as a lookout by a British invasion force while . . . Map (db m165076) HM
49Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Omaha Beach Memorial Tree
This tree, planted with authentic soil from Omaha Beach of Normandy, France, commemorates the 40th anniversary of Allied forces’ landings on 6 June 1944. It stands as a memorial to sacrifices in battle and a tangible symbol of our heritage. Planted . . . Map (db m12038) HM
50Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Retreat / Courtesies
Retreat Retreat is a custom first used by the French Army and dates back to the Crusades. Retreat is sounded at sunset and its purpose was to notify sentries to start challenging until sunrise and to tell the rank and file to go to their . . . Map (db m166585) HM
51Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Rodman GunSeacoast 8-inch Converted Rodman — US Model 1861 Serial Number 5 —
This piece was originally a 10-inch, smooth bore gun. It was converted in 1876 at the West Point foundry, New York, to an 8-inch rifle by inserting a rifled steel tube in the barrel. This particular conversion process was a failure as the system . . . Map (db m42451) HM
52Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Rodman GunSeacoast 8-inch Converted Rodman — US Model 1861 Serial Number 68 —
Originally cast as a 10-inch, smooth bore gun, this weapon was converted to an 8-inch rifle in 1884 at the South Boston Iron Works. The gun weighs 15,800 pounds, has a length of 144 inches and a diameter and a diameter of 35 inches. The ordnance . . . Map (db m42452) HM
53Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Spanish 1-½ Pounder
Fired a 1-½-pound cannonball. Probably captured during the Philippine Insurection,   c. 1900.Map (db m42473) HM
54Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — The Legend Of The Oozlefinch
One night in 1905, Captain H.M. Merriam (while quite possibly under the influence of our favorite beverage) swore he saw a strange, large eyed bird outside the Fort Monroe Officers' Club. His outlandish tale quickly spread throughout the . . . Map (db m166643) HM
55Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — The Lincoln Gun
Cast in 1860, this was the first 15-inch Rodman Gun. Its range was more than four miles. Weight of the projectile was over 300 lbs. During Civil War it was used to bombard Confederate batteries on Sewells Point. The gun was named for President . . . Map (db m10320) HM
56Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — The Old Cistern
One of several large cisterns shown on a map of 1834. No potable water was ever found on Old Point Comfort, although one well was sunk to more than 900 feet. The garrison had to depend on cistern water and water brought in from wells on the mainland.Map (db m10334) HM
57Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-91 — The Zero Mile Post
This zero mile post is a replica of the original post that stood here at the end of the track on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, from which point all main line distances have been measured for the 664.9 miles to Cincinnati, Ohio, since 1889. The . . . Map (db m73819) HM
58Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Veterans of the Battle of the BulgeArdennes
In the largest land battle ever fought by the United States Army six hundred thousand valiant Americans rallied to defeat three powerful German armies in the snows of the Ardennes Forest of Belgium and Luxembourg. Almost 20 thousand soldiers made . . . Map (db m11478) HM
59Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Water Battery
Water Battery Built in 1832, this casemated battery protected the seaward approach to Fort Monroe. It was obsolete by the 1890’s and demolished soon thereafter. All that remains is this powder room. The high ground beyond it s all that remains of a . . . Map (db m102143) HM
60Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Who Built Fort Monroe?Fort Monroe
Like Fort Monroe itself, the work force that built it was huge. Thousands of people helped plan and build the fort, completing its construction in 1834. This work force included free and enslaved blacks, contract laborers, army personnel, and . . . Map (db m166636) HM
61Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Why A Moat?Fort Monroe
The water-filled moat surrounding Fort Monroe covers about 19 acres, ranging from 50 to 250 feet in width, and was designed to be eight feet deep. The moat is tidal, fed by the waters of Mill Creek. Excavation of the moat began in 1820. It was . . . Map (db m166612) HM
62Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Why Was The Fort Built Here?Fort Monroe
Captain Christopher Newport explored the land of the Kecoughton tribe in 1607. English colonists named it Cape Comfort before moving up the James River to settle at Jamestown. Captain John Smith, who surveyed the area between 1607 and 1609, . . . Map (db m166619) HM
63Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Wisser Hall: From Books To War GamesFort Monroe
Completed in 1909, Wisser Hall (Building #138) originally served as the Coast Artillery School Library. Four floors of stacks in the rear wing held up to 60,000 volumes. Noted architect Francis B. Wheaton designed the building. It was named after . . . Map (db m166624) HM
Paid Advertisement
Apr. 10, 2021