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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Fort Sill, Oklahoma

 
Clickable Map of Comanche County, Oklahoma and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Comanche County, OK (103) Caddo County, OK (53) Cotton County, OK (1) Grady County, OK (1) Kiowa County, OK (5) Stephens County, OK (15) Tillman County, OK (3)  ComancheCounty(103) Comanche County (103)  CaddoCounty(53) Caddo County (53)  CottonCounty(1) Cotton County (1)  GradyCounty(1) Grady County (1)  KiowaCounty(5) Kiowa County (5)  StephensCounty(15) Stephens County (15)  TillmanCounty(3) Tillman County (3)
Lawton is the county seat for Comanche County
Fort Sill is in Comanche County
      Comanche County (103)  
ADJACENT TO COMANCHE COUNTY
      Caddo County (53)  
      Cotton County (1)  
      Grady County (1)  
      Kiowa County (5)  
      Stephens County (15)  
      Tillman County (3)  
 
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1Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 250 — 155mm Howitzer Model of 1917/18 (Schneider)
The Schneider was the most heavily used howitzer by American artillery units in World War I. Prior to World War I, the U.S. Army's dissatisfaction with the American-designed 6-inch howitzer, Model of 1908, led to the adoption of the French 155mm . . . Map (db m193262) HM
2Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 122 — 240mm Howitzer, Model 1918 Schneider
This was an American built copy of the outstanding French Schneider 240mm Howitzer. Although nearly the same size as the British 9.2 inch howitzer and the 8 inch howitzer, the 240mm was by far more powerful than either. The former had ranges of . . . Map (db m193166) HM
3Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 280mm Heavy Motorized Gun M65(Gun Nr. 21 on Carriage Nr. 3)
(left plaque) At 8:31 a.m. on 25 May 1953 this gun fired the world's first atomic artillery round, at Camp Desert Rock, Nevada. 19 seconds later and 7¾ miles distant, the shell that could wipe out an enemy division exploded on target with . . . Map (db m60886) HM
4Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Apache Indian CemeteriesFort Sill, Oklahoma
The roll call of chiefs, warriors, army scouts and families buried here include the most famous names in Apache history: Geronimo, whose daring band performed deeds unmatched since the days of Captain Kidd; Chief Loco of the Warm Springs who stood . . . Map (db m62167) HM
5Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Apache Prisoner-of-War CemeteriesFort Sill, Oklahoma
Here beneath Oklahoma skies far from their native haunts in Arizona, New Mexico and northern Mexico is the resting place for more than 300 Apaches of the Chiricahua, Warm Springs, and Nedni tribes. During and after the Geronimo campaign of 1886 . . . Map (db m62166) HM
6Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 60 — Austro-Hungarian 100mm Field Howitzer, M191410cm Feld Haubitze 14
At the beginning of World War I this howitzer was one of the standard field artillery pieces of Germany's ally, the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Shortly after the beginning of World War I, the Austro-Hungarian Empire introduced a new 10cm field . . . Map (db m193135) HM
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7Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 111 — Austro-Hungarian 100mm Light Field Howitzer M1914/1710cm Leichte Feld Haubitze M14/17
The Leichte Feld Haubitze M14/17 was originally produced at Skoda Works at Pilsen for the armies of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It was basically the 100mm tube of the Skoda Model 16/17 Mountain Howitzer mounted on the standard 191 carriage. . . . Map (db m193134) HM
8Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 170 — Austro-Hungarian 75mm Mountain Cannon Model 157.5cm Gebirgskanone 15
This small mountain gun saw service on both sides in two world wars. It was designed and built by the famous Skoda Works in the city of Pilsen, in present day Czech Republic. Skoda was one of the finest and largest arms manufacturers in Europe. A . . . Map (db m193212) HM
9Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 110 — Austro-Hungarian 76.5mm Field Gun, M19178cm Feld Kanone 17
This excellent Austro-Hungarian howitzer entered service in 1917 and remained in service during World War II with the German Army. Prior to the First World War, the 7.65cm and the 8.35cm Field Guns were designed at the famous Skoda Works at Pilsen. . . . Map (db m193133) HM
10Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Band Quarters
This building was erected in 1870 to serve as housing for the post band, with a capacity of 20 men. By 1905, it had been converted to a Non-Commissioned Officer's quarters for two families. The Tenth Cavalry Regimental Band was organized at . . . Map (db m190952) HM
11Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 281 — British 25-Pounder Field Gun/Howitzer
The 25-pounder was the principal field artillery weapon of the British Army in World War II. Developed during the 1930's to replace both the 18-pounder (84 mm) gun and the 4.5-inch (114mm) howitzer, the 25-pounder was the first British artillery . . . Map (db m193209) HM
12Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 140 — British/Canadian Ordnance QF 18-Pounder Gun
The Ordnance Quick Firing 18-pounder Gun was the principal field artillery for British and Commonwealth forces during World War I. It was a composite design consisting of an Armstrong gun, a Vickers recoil system, a Royal Ordnance Factory sights and . . . Map (db m193171) HM
13Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Camp Doniphan
In June 1917, on the prairie west and south of here, one of the great training grounds of the first World War was established. Named in honor of Missouri's Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan of Mexican War fame, the huge national army cantonment . . . Map (db m82364) HM
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14Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Cavalry Company Quarters
Three cavalry barracks were constructed in 1870 on the west side of the Post Quadrangle, each barracks housing two companies of cavalry. The wings extending from the west side of the buildings served as kitchens and mess halls. The basement area . . . Map (db m190855) HM
15Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Col Jack L. TreadwellPersonal Courage
Colonel Jack L. Treadwell epitomized the Army Value of Personal Courage perhaps as no other soldier in the history of the nation. During his 33 years of service, he earned every medal of valor possible for a member of the United States Army. For his . . . Map (db m82374) HM
16Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Commissary Storehouse
This building was originally constructed in 1870 to serve as the post commissary storehouse. It was filled with sacks, barrels, and boxes containing the foodstuffs necessary to feed a frontier garrison. The commissariat supplied all the food, . . . Map (db m190955) HM
17Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Commissary Storehouse
This his building was constructed in the early 1870's to serve as the post commissary storehouse. The commissary function was originally assigned to another facility on the southwest corner of the quadrangle, but the need for Infantry barracks by . . . Map (db m191005) HM
18Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Cpt Riley L. PittsUS Weapons Complex
Pitts, Riley Leroy Place of Birth: Failis, Oklahoma Rank: Captain Organization: Company C, 2nd Battalion, 27th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division Place: Ap Dong, Republic of Vietnam Date: 31 October 1967 Killed In Action: 31 October . . . Map (db m163124) HM
19Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 230 — Czechoslovakian VZ 14/19 10cm Howitzer10cm leichte Feldhaubitze 14/19 (t)
This weapon is a Czechoslovakian version of the Austro-Hungarian Model 14 10cm, heavily used in World War I. It was updated in 1919 by the famous Czechoslovakian arms maker, Skoda, in Pilsen. The updated howitzers had new wheels and rubber tires to . . . Map (db m193167) HM
20Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 64 — Czechoslovakian VZ 37 149mm Howitzer
This Czechoslovakian designed and built weapon served as one of the German Army's heavy field howitzers during World War II. The famous arms maker, Skoda in Pilsen, Czechoslovkia designed this new howitzer in the mid-1930s. When the Germans took . . . Map (db m193261) HM
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21Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — First Headquarters - School of Fire for Field Artillery
This wood frame building, constructed in June 1909 as a Packers Quarters, was originally located approximately 300 yards to the southeast near the old Teamsters' Mess building. In January 1911, it was moved to its present location to be used as . . . Map (db m190848) HM
22Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Fort Sill
Fort Sill was named by General Orders No. 25, HQ, Department of the Missouri, U.S. Army, on July 2, 1869. The post's name honors the memory of Brigadier General Joshua W. Sill, killed at the Battle of Stone River, Tennessee, in December, 1862. . . . Map (db m44709) HM
23Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 282 — French GPF 155mm Gun, Model of 1917
The 155mm Gun (GPF), dubbed the Grand Puissance or "High Powered" Filloux (GPF), was a very successful weapon of rugged design named in honor of its French designer, Captain Louis J.F. Filloux. It has a large angle of traverse for its . . . Map (db m193494) HM
24Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 90 — French M1917 150mm Trench Mortar
The French Army adopted trench mortars after experiencing the devastating effects of the German Minenwerfer. The rapid transition of the First World War from a war of movement to a static trench war led to the development of the heavy mortars . . . Map (db m193207) HM
25Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 69 — French Saint Chamond 194mm GPF Gun
The Saint Chamond self-propelled French gun was introduced late in World War I. The GPF designation, Grand Puissance Filloux, translates as High-Power Filloux. The vehicle was designed by Louis Filloux at the Schneider works. The weapon . . . Map (db m193121) HM
26Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 50 — German 100mm Field Gun, Model 190410cm Kanone 04
The 100mm Field Gun, Model 1904 was the primary 100mm gun of the German Foot (Heavy) Artillery at the beginning of World War I. The German Foot Artillery branch was composed of 75 percent howitzers and 25 percent guns. These were all originally . . . Map (db m193119) HM
27Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 120 — German 100mm Gun, M191410cm Kanone 14
This long range gun was one of the weapons of the German Foot (Heavy) Artillery during World War I. The 10cm Kanone 14 was introduced in 1915 to supplement and eventually replace the 10cm Kanone 04 then in service. It eventually comprised 35 percent . . . Map (db m193120) HM
28Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 70 — German 100mm Gun, M191710cm Kanone 17
The K 17 was a long range weapon of the German Foot (Heavy) Artillery in World War I. An extremely long-ranged Corps artillery piece, it entered service with the German and Austrian forces in 1917. The ammunition was carried in the conventional . . . Map (db m193122) HM
29Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 041 — German 105mm Field Howitzer, M1898/190910.5cm Feld Haubitze 98/09
This German howitzer was highly successful and made up 38 percent of the howitzers used by the German Field Artillery branch in World War I. The 10.5 cm Feld Haubitze 98/09 carriage was very adaptable and eventually mounted on three different . . . Map (db m191856) HM
30Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 61 — German 150mm Heavy Field Howitzer M191315cm Lange Schwere Feld Haubitze 13
The 150mm Heavy Field Howitzer M1913 was one of the principal howitzers used by the German Foot (Heavy) Artillery during World War I. When the 15cm lange Schwere Feld Haubitze 13 was introduced in the German Heavy Batteries during WW I. It . . . Map (db m193165) HM
31Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 200 — German 150mm Heavy Howitzer15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18
This was the standard divisional artillery medium howitzer of the German army in World War II. It entered service in 1934 and was the result of a joint Krupp and Rheinmetall design. Originally manufactured by Rhienmetall-Borsig AG in . . . Map (db m193223) HM
32Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 150 — German 15cm Rocket Launcher 4115cm Nebelwerfer 41
Developed in 1937 with the leadership of rocket scientist, Walter Dornberger and Werner von Braun, this new 6-barrel rocket launcher was designated as the Nebelwerfer 41, roughly translated as Smoke Thrower. It entered service with German . . . Map (db m193208) HM
33Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 80 — German 170mm Medium Mine Projector, M1916 (Old Pattern)17cm Mittlerer Minenwerfer 16 Alter/Art
Commonly known as a Trench Mortar, this type of short-range, high-angle weapon was perfect for the trench warfare of World War I. At the beginning of the war, only Germany had trench mortars, but very quickly all of the other combatants adopted . . . Map (db m193130) HM
34Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 350 — German 210mm Howitzer 1821cm Mörser 18
During World War II, the Mörser 18 was a widely used heavy howitzer of the German Army. Designed by the armament firm of Krupp, Mörser 18 entered service in 1939. It featured a brilliantly-designed "double-recoil" carriage. Not only . . . Map (db m206493) HM
35Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 81 — German 250mm Heavy Mine Projector (old model)250cm Schwere Minenwerfer 16 Alter/Art
The 250mm Heavy Mine Projector was the largest of three highly mobile German trench mortars used in World War I. The German Army learned the value of these short range mortars from the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05. During the war, the Japanese used . . . Map (db m193131) HM
36Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 180 — German 56 150 and 300mm Rocket Launcher30cm Raketenwerfer 56
This unique rocket launcher introduced in 1944, was capable of firing both 150 and 300mm smoke, chemical and high-explosive spin-stablized rockets. The 30cm Raketenwerfer 56 consisted of the launching rails of the 30cm Nebelwerfer 42 . . . Map (db m193211) HM
37Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 040 — German 77mm Field Gun, M1896 (new pattern)7.7cm Feld Kanone 96 Neuer/Art
The 77mm Field Gun, M1896 was the primary German field artillery gun during the first half of World War I. The 7.7cm Feld Kanone 96 N/A was a light, mobile field gun, which had one of the earliest hydro-spring, recoil-recuperator systems. . . . Map (db m191855) HM
38Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 210 — German 88mm Anti-Aircraft 36 Gun8.8cm Flugabwehrkanone 36
The most famous of all artillery in World War II was the dreaded German 88. First designed as an anti-aircraft weapon, it entered service in 1933 as the Flak 18. In 1936, the Flak 36 with a multi-sectioned barrel was introduced. This feature . . . Map (db m193259) HM
39Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 190 — German GrW 69 210mm Heavy Mortar21cm schwere Granatenwerfer
The famous Czech armament maker, Skoda, produced a 22cm prototype of this heavy mortar. The German High Command directed that the caliber be changed to 21cm to utilize the German standard ammunition. The first GrW 69s were produced in November 1944 . . . Map (db m193214) HM
40Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 310 — German Heavy 10cm K-18 Cannonschwere 10cm Kanone 18
In the late, 1920s the requirement for the heavy 100mm gun was given to the two rival companies of Krupp and Rheinmetall. The production model was an amalgamation of both designs with the Rheinmetall gun on a Krupp carriage. Introduced in 1933, a . . . Map (db m193504) HM
41Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 053 — German K-18 15cm Cannon15cm Kanone 18
The development of this cannon by Rheinmetall began in 1933 as a replacement for the aging 15cm Kanone 16. Entering service as the German Army's standard heavy gun in 1938, it weighed two tons more than its predecessor and only gave 2,500 yards . . . Map (db m182364) HM
42Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 220 — German K-18 170mm Gun17cm Kanone 18in Mörserlafette
Designed by the German famous arms company, Krupp, this powerful gun entered service in 1941. It was primarily used for long-range counter-battery fire at the corps level. The K-18 used the same carriage as the 21cm Mörser 18, which has a . . . Map (db m193260) HM
43Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 260 — German LG 42/1 105mm Airborne Recoilless Gun10.5cm Leichtegescutz 42/1
This special lightweight recoilless weapon was introduced in 1943 for service with German Airborne units. It was similar in principle of design to the German 75mm airborne gun L.G. 40. The LG was produced in three variations with the only difference . . . Map (db m193263) HM
44Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 71 — German M1916 77mm Light Field Gun7.7cm leichte Feld Kanone 1916
The M1916 was an improved version of the heavily used M1896 77mm Field Gun. Because of the greatly increased use of indirect fire in World War I, the M1916 featured the 77mm Gun on the carriage of the M1916 Light Field Howitzer. This increased the . . . Map (db m193125) HM
45Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Infantry Barracks
This building was originally constructed in 1870 to serve as the commissary storehouse. It is unique among all the historic buildings, having started as a horizontal, log structure resting on a stone foundation over 200 feet in length. By 1872, the . . . Map (db m60884) HM
46Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Infantry Company Quarters
The structures on the east and west ends of the south line of buildings were originally constructed as warehouses by troops of the 10th Cavalry and 6th Infantry from 1872 to 1875. In 1876, the buildings were briefly occupied by troops of the First . . . Map (db m190850) HM
47Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 320 — Iraqi SZ-60 57mm Anti Aircraft Gun
The Soviet S-60 57mm anti aircraft gun was a further development of the German 5cm Flak 41. Soviet designers looked to improve on the German piece and in the late 1940s created the prototype S-60 which subsequently entered service by 1950. A . . . Map (db m182405) HM
48Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 360 — Italian Semovente M149/40 Self-Propelled Gun
A powerful self-propelled gun was needed by the Italian Artillery to support their armored units. Only this M149/40 was completed at the Ansaldo Factory in Genoa in late 1942. It used the excellent Model 35 149mm Cannon on a highly modified Carro . . . Map (db m206499) HM
49Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 432 — Japanese Type 41 75mm Regimental Gun
Introduced in 1908, the Type 41 was originally the standard Japanese pack artillery piece. When it was superseded by the Type 94 75mm mountain pack gun in 1934, the Type 41 was re-designated as an infantry "regimental" gun. Japanese weapon type . . . Map (db m206523) HM
50Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 430 — Japanese Type 90 75mm Field Gun
The most modern of the Japanese Field Artillery of World War II was the 75mm Field Gun Type 90, which was loosely based on the French Schneider 85mm Gun, Model of 1927. The Type 90 designation came from its acceptance into Japanese Army service in . . . Map (db m206522) HM
51Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 318 — Lockheed X-7A1 Target Drone
Development of the X-7 series of unmanned aircraft began in December 1946, when the US Army Air Force requested an unmanned ramjet test vehicle for speeds up to Mach 3 and by the mid-1950s, as the Nike Ajax, Nike Hercules and Bomarc surface-to-air . . . Map (db m182406) HM
52Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 319 — M51 Skysweeper 75mm Anti Aircraft Gun
The M51 Skysweeper project began in 1948 and was a significant evolutionary step in Air Defense Artillery. Anti aircraft guns had advanced steadily during World War II, utilizing radar and analog computers (known as gun directors) to lay an entire . . . Map (db m182407) HM
53Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 322 — MIM-14 Nike Hercules
The MIM-14 Nike Hercules was the most widely used of the U.S Army's Cold War missile systems. Implemented in 1958, the Hercules had several improvements over the Nike Ajax. It used solid fuel propellant and could use either high explosive or nuclear . . . Map (db m182431) HM
54Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 323 — MIM-23 Hawk
The MIM-23 Hawk was a U.S medium range surface-to-air missile that entered service in 1960. Originally intended to destroy enemy aircraft, the "Homing All the Way Killer" evolved into a theater ballistic missile interceptor during its thirty-five . . . Map (db m182453) HM
55Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 321 — MIM-3 Nike Ajax
The Nike Ajax was the world's first surface to air guided missile and revolutionized Air Defense around the world when it became operational at Fort Meade, MD in December 1953. The Ajax was a two stage, supersonic missile designed to defeat high . . . Map (db m182430) HM
56Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 326 — Nike Hercules HIPAR Radar AN/FPS-71 Antenna
The HIPAR, or High Power Acquisition Radar was used for target acquisition, scanning the horizon out to a horizontal range of over 100 nautical miles and up to a vertical range (altitude) of over 148,000 feet (over 28 miles) for incoming hostile . . . Map (db m182452) HM
57Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Officers' Quarters(East Line)
In 1869, a limestone deposit was found southeast of what is now Old Post, Fort Sill. A quarry was opened and the soldiers of the 10th Cavalry cut the rock and started the walls of the garrison buildings. Crude kilns were erected to burn lime for . . . Map (db m190847) HM
58Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Old Post
Site First Occupied by Wichita Indian Village. Post Established Jan. 8, 1869 by Gen. P. H. Sheridan to Control Tribes.Map (db m190946) HM
59Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Old Redoubt
A pentagonal redoubt, mounting a small cannon, was constructed here about 1872 to defend the southwestern aproaches to the post against Indian attack. It was torn down at the close of the Indian wars, about 1875.Map (db m191010) HM
60Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Post Chapel
The "Old" Post Chapel was constructed in 1875 by elements of the 11th Infantry and the 4th Cavalry under the command of General Ranald S. McKenzie. The sum of $2,500 was appropriated for the purchase of materials for the erection of a chapel & . . . Map (db m47147) HM
61Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Post Guardhouse
This building was constructed in 1872-73 by the "Buffalo Soldiers" of the 10th Cavalry Regiment, after the barracks and quarters of the Post were completed. Prior to this time, prisoners were kept in the basement of the Cavalry barracks . . . Map (db m82376) HM
62Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Post Headquarters
Erected in 1870, and built of limestone quarried from a nearby hill, the Post Headquarters building housed the administrative offices. The Commanding Officer, his executive officer, the adjutant, a sergeant and a signal officer worked here. The . . . Map (db m60883) HM
63Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Proud AmericanProud American 175MM Tube — One of the first entering in South Vietnam War —
The M-107 SPG (Self-Propelled Gun) entering into the U.S. Army Service in 1963 as a replacement for 155MM M44 and M53 SPG's of the 1950's. The M-107 SPG was soon pressed into service in South Vietnam as the U.S. Artillery's longest range . . . Map (db m82382) HM WM
64Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Quartermaster Granary
While the actual construction date of this building is unclear, it was being used by the quartermaster for the storage of grain in 1902. The 30'x80' wood frame structure with a full-length, limestone basement is unlike the other buildings erected in . . . Map (db m190956) HM
65Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Quartermaster Warehouse
The post quartermaster was one of the more important positions on a frontier army post. Line officers were temporarily assigned to this rather demanding job, often making them the most sought after individual on post. He was responsible for . . . Map (db m191008) HM
66Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Quinette Crossing
In memory of William H. Quinette, Post Trader, 1878-1915. Old crossing on road to Fort Cobb. General Sheridan's HQ mess tent was pitched here 10 Jan - 23 Feb 1869 when he founded Fort Sill.Map (db m82383) HM
67Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Satank Killed
The noted Kiowa chief Sitting Bear (Satank) of the Society of the Ten Bravest was killed beside an elm tree 400 feet due west of here on June 8, 1871, while attacking 4th Cavalry guards.Map (db m60882) HM
68Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Sherman House
This house of native stone was built by 10th Cavalry Troops in 1870-71. While visiting Fort Sill, General William Tecumseh Sherman narrowly escaped death at the hands of Kiowa warriors during a council held on the front porch here. May . . . Map (db m190949) HM
69Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Sill
Dedicated to the Memory of Brigadier General Joshur W. Sill, 1831-1862. General Philip H. Sheridan Named This Fort in Honor of General Sill 2 July 1869.Map (db m190948) WM
70Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 68 — Soviet M1931 203mm Howitzer
This was the heaviest of the Soviet field artillery weapons in World War II. Known as the B-4, this large powerful howitzer was mounted on three different carriages with the first two on wheels. The most successful carriage used tracks, which was a . . . Map (db m193490) HM
71Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 390 — Soviet M1931/37 122mm Field Gun
The Model 1931/37 was one of the Soviet Union's long range guns of World War II. The 122mm Field Gun M1931/37 (A-19) was composed of the tube of the 122mm Field Gun M 1931 mounted on the carriage of the 152mm Gun Howitzer M1937. This weapon proved . . . Map (db m206525) HM
72Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 380 — Soviet M1938 122mm Field Howitzer
The Model 1938 weapon was one of the most popular and successful Soviet designs of World War II. Even though it was a completely new design, it was still able to fire the same projectiles as its predecessor, the Model 1910/30. The M1938 was the . . . Map (db m193491) HM
73Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 317 — Soviet M1939 52-K 85mm Anti Aircraft Gun
Like its German, American and British counterparts, the Soviet 52-K 85mm anti aircraft gun was designed as a heavy air defense gun, but was quickly adopted for multi-role use. It was designed in 1939 and served with Soviet and Warsaw Pact nations . . . Map (db m182396) HM
74Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 231 — Soviet M1939 76.2mm Field GunGerman 7.62cm Field Gun 297 (r) 7.62cm Feldkanone 297 (r)
This was originally a Soviet built 76.2mm Field Gun Model 1939. The M39 was a new design by artillery engineer, Vasiliy Grabin, of Joseph Stalin Factory No. 2 in Gorky. Also designated the F-22 USV, the M39 was an entirely new design that solved the . . . Map (db m193201) HM
75Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 325 — Sprint Missile
Although never formally given an identifying nomenclature, the Sprint missile was a significant piece of US Army anti-ballistic missile technology and an integral part of the Sentinel and Safeguard ABM systems. The Sprint was a two-stage . . . Map (db m182433) HM
76Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 020 — U.S. 3-Inch Field Gun, Model of 1902
Introduced in 1902, this gun replaced the 3.2-inch Field Gun, Model of 1897, as the U.S. Army's standard light artillery piece for the Field Artillery. Slight modifications in the manner of production of the tube and breech mechanism resulted in the . . . Map (db m191794) HM
77Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 021 — U.S. 4.7-Inch Gun, Model of 1906
This was the heavy field gun of U.S. Field Artillery at the beginning of World War I. The M1906 used two spring cylinders plus a hydraulic cylinder to absorb the recoil and to return the tube to the in-battery position. This dual recoil system, . . . Map (db m191840) HM
78Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 030 — U.S. 6-Inch Siege Howitzer, Model of 1908/1908M1
Prior to World War I, this heavy siege piece was highly regarded for its rugged reliability and large, bunker-penetrating round. It was unique among American artillery in having the variable length recoil mechanism situated above the tube. Though . . . Map (db m191852) HM
79Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 290 — U.S. 8-Inch Howitzer, M1/M115
The 8-inch Howitzer was known as a very accurate artillery piece that delivered a shell weighing over 200 lbs. The Westervelt Board findings of 1919 made the existing 155mm Gun and 8-Inch Howitzer systems inferior in range, traverse and elevation. . . . Map (db m193496) HM
80Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 410 — U.S. JB-2 Loon Guided Missile
The JB-2 was the first American guided missile (an American copy of the German V1 Flying Bomb) and it was called the Loon, JB-2 (Jet Bomb). Intended for the invasion of Japan, the first JB-2 was launched in October 1944. The war ended, however, . . . Map (db m206529) HM
81Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 370 — U.S. M1 240mm Howitzer
The M1 240mm Howitzer entered service in 1943 and first saw operational use at Anzio Beachhead, Italy, in January 1944. Along with the 8-inch Gun the M1, which was mounted on the same carriage, the 240mm howitzer played a part in destroying the . . . Map (db m206510) HM
82Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 320 — U.S. M1 4.5-inch Gun
This is one of the lesser-known American artillery pieces of World War II. In the 1920s, the US Army Ordnance Department designed two new pieces, a 4.7-inch gun and a 155mm howitzer. The Westervelt Board, a post-World War I committee studying . . . Map (db m206486) HM
83Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 340 — U.S. M1 8-Inch Gun
The M1 8-inch Gun, which fired a large and effective round at a very long range (20 miles), entered service in 1943. It served in five battalions, in Italy and France, and in three battalions in the Pacific. The 8-inch Gun was primarily used for . . . Map (db m206492) HM
84Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 056 — U.S. M119 105mm Light Howitzer
The M119 has served as the howitzer of U.S. Army airborne, mountain and light infantry units since 1989. The howitzer originated as the British L118 designed by the Royal Ordnance Factory. It entered service with the British Army in 1975 and first . . . Map (db m182395) HM
85Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 371 — U.S. M1A1 Cannon and M3A1 Carriage Transport Wagons
The 240mm Howitzer, M1 and the 8-inch Gun, M1, were the heaviest American artillery weapons fielded in WWII. A new 240mm/8-inch transport wagon was designed suitable for high-speed towing, but took longer than anticipated to field. The first . . . Map (db m206509) HM
86Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 055 — U.S. M2 Corporal Missile
Introduced in July 1954, the Corporal was the first U.S. guided nuclear missile. The surface to surface, 46 foot long Corporal Missile was one of the a first liquid-fueled, rocket powered, ballistic weapon. The first Corporal was tested in 1947, but . . . Map (db m182392) HM
87Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 381 — U.S. M21 4.5-inch Rocket Launcher
Introduced in 1953, the M21 was the Army's first new multiple rocket launcher since the end of World War II. It was also the last multiple rocket launcher in the Army until the introduction of the Multiple Rocket Launcher System (MLRS) in 1983. . . . Map (db m206531) HM
88Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 400 — U.S. M37 105mm Self-Propelled Howitzer
The M37 105mm Howitzer Motor Carriage (HMC) arrived too late for service in World War II, but the M37 did see considerable combat in the Korean War in the early 1950s. The M37 replaced the heavier and slower M7 105mm Howitzer Motor Carriage, known . . . Map (db m206526) HM
89Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 361 — U.S. M40 155mm Gun Motor Carriage
With the great success of the M12 155mm Gun Motor Carriage (GMC) in Western Europe, by 1944 the Army was convinced that a new self-propelled gun was needed as the supply of old 155m guns used on the M12 had been exhausted. The new vehicle used the . . . Map (db m206496) HM
90Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 62 — U.S. M43 8-inch Howitzer Motor Carriage
With the great success of the M12 155mm Gun Motor Carriage (GMC) in Western Europe and the supply of the old World War I era 155mm guns used on the M12 was being exhausted, the Army was convinced by 1944 that a new self-propelled gun was needed. . . . Map (db m193501) HM
91Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 560 — U.S. MGM-31A Pershing I
The Pershing I was the first of a family of powerful long-range nuclear missiles in service during the Cold War. The MGM-31A Pershing I Battlefield Support Missile entered service with the United States Army in 1964, replacing the aging Redstone . . . Map (db m182456) HM
92Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 054 — U.S. PGM-11 Redstone Missile
The Redstone was America's first large ballistic missile during the Cold War. Introduced in 1958, the Programmed Guided Missile-11 Redstone was the American version of the famous German V-2 Rocket used in World War II. In the early 1950s, the U.S. . . . Map (db m182391) HM
93Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Under the Southern Cross Americal (23rd) Infantry Division
The Americal (23rd) Infantry Division is unique in the annuals U.S. Army history. It was the only modern Army division that began with a name and no number assigned to it. Each time it was activated in war it grew out of a Task Force first. All . . . Map (db m106243) HM WM
94Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — 311 — US M2 90mm Anti Aircraft Gun
The US Army standardized the M1 90mm anti aircraft gun in 1940 and steadily improved its design in the first two years of the US involvement in WWII. By 1943, however it was determined that a more versatile weapon was needed. The M1 was a . . . Map (db m182454) HM
 
 
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Nov. 27, 2022