“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Four Oaks, North Carolina

Clickable Map of Johnston County, North Carolina and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Johnston County, NC (77) Franklin County, NC (7) Harnett County, NC (32) Nash County, NC (25) Sampson County, NC (7) Wake County, NC (121) Wayne County, NC (32) Wilson County, NC (18)  JohnstonCounty(77) Johnston County (77)  FranklinCounty(7) Franklin County (7)  HarnettCounty(32) Harnett County (32)  NashCounty(25) Nash County (25)  SampsonCounty(7) Sampson County (7)  WakeCounty(121) Wake County (121)  WayneCounty(32) Wayne County (32)  WilsonCounty(18) Wilson County (18)
Four Oaks is in Johnston County
      Johnston County (77)  
      Franklin County (7)  
      Harnett County (32)  
      Nash County (25)  
      Sampson County (7)  
      Wake County (121)  
      Wayne County (32)  
      Wilson County (18)  
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1North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — "Uncle Billy" Comes to Bentonville
You cannot qualify war in harsher terms than I will. War is cruelty, and you cannot refine it; and those who brought war into our country deserve all the curses and maledictions a people can pour out. — Gen. William T. Sherman, . . . Map (db m101048) HM
2North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Battle of Bentonville: March 19-21, 1865Organization of Confederate Forces — General Joseph E. Johnston, Commanding —
(Tablet 1) Army of Tennessee Lt. Gen. Alexander P. Stewart Cheatham's Corps Maj. Gen. William B. Bate Bate's Division Col. Daniel L. Kenan Finley's Brigade Lt. Col. Eli Washburn 1st Florida • 3rd . . . Map (db m101219) HM WM
3North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-21 — Bentonville
In 1865, a local market center for naval stores (tar, pitch & turpentine). Bentonville gives name to the battle fought nearby, March 19-21, 1865. Confederates concentrated here the day before the battle. As they retreated on March 22, they burned . . . Map (db m34667) HM
4North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Bentonville Battlefield
. . . Map (db m34331) HM
5North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Bentonville Battlefield Driving Tour
In the forests and fields around the North Carolina village of Bentonville, the armies of Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and Union Gen. William T. Sherman fought their last major engagement of the Civil War on March 19-21, 1865. Sherman was . . . Map (db m160709) HM
6North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Bentonville Union Soldiers Memorial
In memory of Union Soldiers of the 14th, 15th, 17th and 20th Corps who served during the Battle of Bentonville March 19 - 21, 1865 XIV Corps • XV Corps • XVII Corps • XX Corps Representing the States of Alabama, Connecticut, . . . Map (db m101150) HM WM
7North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-10 — Confederate Attacks
Across the fields behind this marker the Confederate Right Wing made five attacks on Union positions to the left, March 19, 1865. They were thrown back by the XX Federal Corps.Map (db m34638) HM
8North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-7 — Confederate Cemetery
The remains of 360 Confederates who fell in the Battle of Bentonville lie here. They were moved to this plot from other parts of the battlefield in 1893. The monument was erected at that time.Map (db m34632) HM
9North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Confederate Dead Monument
In memory of the Confederate dead Erected under the auspices of Goldsboro Rifles October 10, 1894. ♦♦♦ [ Left of Monument: ] On this spot and in this vicinity was fought the Battle of Bentonville March 19, 1865. . . . Map (db m34675) HM
10North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Confederate General Joseph E. JohnstonA Soldier's General — Carolinas Campaign —
General Johnston's Military Career Named after Captain Joseph Eggleston, under whom his father Peter Johnston served in Lighthorse Harry Lee's Legion during the Revolutionary War, General Joseph Eggleston Johnston was born February 3, 1807 . . . Map (db m101024) HM
11North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-3 — Confederate Hospital
Following the battle, 45 Confederate wounded were hospitalized in the Harper House. Nineteen of these men died here. Surgeons moved others to regular Confederate hospitals.Map (db m34627) HM
12North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Confederate Line of March“ … on this wretched road … ” — Carolinas Campaign —
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . Map (db m162084) HM
13North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-11 — Confederate Main Charge
After overrunning two Union lines above this road, the Confederates crossed here in the main assault of March 19, 1865. Union reinforcements halted their advance in the woods below the road.Map (db m34642) HM
14North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-22 — Confederate Works
Remains of breastworks on this hill mark a line of works built by the Confederates to protect Mill Creek Bridge.Map (db m34669) HM
15North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-9 — Federal Artillery
Union batteries (26 guns) formed a line here, March 19. These guns covered retreating Federals during the Confederate charges and finally halted the advance of the Confederate Right Wing.Map (db m34636) HM
16North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — General Joseph Eggleston Johnston
“Defender of the Southland to the end” In memory and honor of Confederate soldiers who fought at Bentonville Battlefield, North Carolina during March 19-21, 1865 Erected by Sons of Confederate Veterans Dedicated March 20, 2010 . . . Map (db m34181) HM
17North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Hannah’s Creek BridgeSaving the Colors — Carolinas Campaign —
(Preface): The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman's objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in . . . Map (db m14714) HM
18North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-25 — Hardee’s Charge
Near this point Gen. William J. Hardee led the charge of the 8th Texas Cavalry and other Confederates, repulsing the advance of Mower’s Division, March 21, 1865.Map (db m34661) HM
19North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Honoring the Dead of the Battle of Bentonville
Time may teach us to forgive, but it can never make us forget.”     - Confederate Lt. Gen. Wade Hampton, memorial address at Bentonville, March 20, 1895. By the evening of March 22, 1865 both the Union and Confederate armies . . . Map (db m34407) HM
20North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Johnston Establishes His Headquarters
On the eve of the battle, Confederate General Joseph Johnston established his headquarters in the field in front of you on property belonging to John Benton, Bentonville's namesake. Summoned from retirement by Gen. Robert E. Lee only a month before, . . . Map (db m101196) HM
21North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-15 — Main Confederate Line
The Confederate Left Wing, part of a long hook-shaped line designed to trap the Union forces, extended across the road here on March 19. This sector, occupied by Maj. Gen. R. F. Hoke’s Division, was evacuated on March 20. A new line parallel to the . . . Map (db m34647) HM
22North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-20 — Main Confederate Line
Crossed the road at this point, March 20-21. Gen. R. F. Hoke’s Division occupied this sector. Scene of much skirmishing but no heavy fighting. Earthworks remain.Map (db m34657) HM
23North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-19 — Main Union Line
Advanced to this point during the afternoon of March 21. The XV Corps established a line of works across the road here. Earthworks remain.Map (db m34656) HM
24North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — March 20th— Johnston Remains on the Battlefield
One-quarter mile to your front stood the center of the Confederate line on the afternoon of March 20. Shaped like a horseshoe, the center faced south towards the Goldsboro Road. Johnston's decision to remain on the battlefield after his failure the . . . Map (db m101166) HM
25North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-23 — Mill Creek
The flooded state of this creek upstream prevented an attack by Wheeler’s Confederate cavalry on the rear of Sherman’s Army, March 19, 1865. A bridge here was the Confederates’ sole line of retreat after the battle.Map (db m34668) HM
26North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-26 — Mower’s Attack
Advancing toward Mill Creek Bridge, Johnston’s only line of retreat, Maj. Gen. J. A. Mower’s Union Division broke the Confederate line near this point, March 21. Mower’s Division reached a point 200 yards from Johnston’s headquarters before it was . . . Map (db m34662) HM
27North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-16 — N. C. Junior Reserves
Held the line along this road and repulsed the assault of Hobart’s Union Brigade, March 19, 1865. This line was evacuated, March 20.Map (db m34652) HM
28North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — North Carolinians at the Battle of Bentonville
In memory of the North Carolinians who fought and died in the Battle of Bentonville March 19-21, 1865Map (db m34358) HM
29North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — Sherman's Right Wing Arrives at Bentonville
You are facing east towards Green Flower's farm, where lead elements of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Right Wing clashed with Confederate cavalry late in the morning on March 20. The previous evening, the Right Wing, comprised of Maj. Gen. . . . Map (db m101183) HM
30North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — The Battle Shifts East: Fighting on March 21
You are looking west, toward Sam Howell Branch, where on the morning of March 21, Maj. Gen. O.O. Howard's XV and XVII Corps opposed the Confederate divisions of Maj. Gen. Robert F. Hoke and Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws. The dawn began with a heavy . . . Map (db m101081) HM WM
31North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-28 — Union Headquarters
Sherman’s headquarters were located in the field 400 yards to the rear of this marker, March 20-21, 1865. Headquarters of the XVII Corps, which included Mower’s Division, were 250 yards to the left rear.Map (db m34660) HM
32North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-4 — Union Headquarters
Maj. Gen. A. S. Williams, commanding the XX Corps, established his headquarters here on March 19. In the woods to the north, the XX Corps erected breastworks which remain.Map (db m34630) HM
33North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-8 — Union Headquarters
Maj. Gen. H. W. Slocum, commanding Sherman’s Left Wing, had headquarters in this field, March 19-21, 1865.Map (db m34635) HM
34North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-2 — Union Hospital
The Harper House was used as a hospital by the XIV Corps, March 19-21, 1865. About 500 Union wounded were treated here.Map (db m34629) HM
35North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-6 — Union Hospital
Field hospital of the XX Corps during the Battle of Bentonville was located here. Four hundred Union soldiers, wounded in the Battle of Averasboro (16 miles west) on March 16, were brought here for treatment.Map (db m34633) HM
36North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-29 — Union Line, March 20
Trenches in the woods behind this marker formed the extreme right of the Union line on March 20. This sector was occupied by the XVII Corps, commanded by Maj. Gen. F. P. Blair.Map (db m34666) HM
37North Carolina (Johnston County), Four Oaks — HHH-27 — Union Line, March 21
After withdrawing from the advance against Mill Creek Bridge, Mower’s Federals re-formed here and threw up works. This was the extreme right of the Union line on March 21. Earthworks remain.Map (db m34664) HM
Jan. 28, 2022