“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Franklin, Tennessee

Clickable Map of Williamson County, Tennessee and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Williamson County, TN (346) Cheatham County, TN (13) Davidson County, TN (618) Dickson County, TN (35) Hickman County, TN (18) Marshall County, TN (22) Maury County, TN (90) Rutherford County, TN (201)  WilliamsonCounty(346) Williamson County (346)  CheathamCounty(13) Cheatham County (13)  DavidsonCounty(618) Davidson County (618)  DicksonCounty(35) Dickson County (35)  HickmanCounty(18) Hickman County (18)  MarshallCounty(22) Marshall County (22)  MauryCounty(90) Maury County (90)  RutherfordCounty(201) Rutherford County (201)
Franklin is in Williamson County
      Williamson County (346)  
      Cheatham County (13)  
      Davidson County (618)  
      Dickson County (35)  
      Hickman County (18)  
      Marshall County (22)  
      Maury County (90)  
      Rutherford County (201)  
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1Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 3D 52 — "The Harrison House"
The Civil War touched this house. Here, Sept. 2, 1864, the mortally wounded Brig. Gen. John H. Kelly, CSA, was brought here after the affair between his cavalry division and Federals under Brig. Gen. James D. Brownlow. He was buried in the garden, . . . Map (db m136181) HM
2Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 125th O.V.I."Opdycke's Tigers" — 1st Brigade 2nd Division 4th Corps U.S. —
The 125th O.V.I. was formed at Camp Cleveland, Ohio in August of 1862. The regiment was stationed in Franklin in the spring of 1863. On November 30, 1864, the 125th were in reserve 150 yards north of the Carter house with Opdycke’s brigade. Without . . . Map (db m135349) HM
3Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 183rd Ohio Volunteer InfantryThird Brigade — 2nd Division 23rd Corps U.S. —
The 183rd Ohio was mustered into Federal Service November 13, 1864 at Camp Dennison, Ohio. With 700 officers and enlisted men present, it arrived at Rutherford Creek on November 28th and was engaged in skirmishing at Spring Creek the following day. . . . Map (db m135441) HM
4Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 3" Ordnance Gun
Made and presented to Confederate Memorial Park by Harold Winstead in honor of his ancestor, Samuel Winstead, in whose honor this hill was named and who is buried 200 yds. NW of this location.Map (db m168226) WM
5Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 320 Main Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m140626) HM
6Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 403-405 Main Street
These buildings have been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Map (db m140808) HM
7Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 430 Main Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m69504) HM
8Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 432-438 Main Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m69505) HM
9Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 44th Missouri Infantry
This regiment was organized in the late summer and early fall of 1864. It was commanded by Col. Robert C. Bradshaw, a veteran officer who had seen prior action at Lexington and Shiloh. The 44th Missouri was shipped to Tennessee to help defend . . . Map (db m188489) HM
10Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — A Crucial War Zone 1863
For the Union, 1863 brought the Emancipation Proclamation, victory at Gettysburg, and the capturing of the Mississippi River. Federal forces continued their drive toward Atlanta in hopes of ending the war altogether. But on March 5th, seven miles . . . Map (db m103335) HM
11Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — A Dream PostponedThe Struggle of Freed People in Williamson County
To assist the newly freed with court cases, education, and housing, Congress formed the Freedmen’s Bureau in 1865. An additional goal of the Bureau was to help create labor contracts between white landowners and the formerly enslaved. In October . . . Map (db m189007) HM
12Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Abram Maury
Abram Maury (1766-1825) came to this area from Virginia in 1797 to settle on 640 acres he purchased from Major Anthony Sharpe. In 1798, he reserved a square-shaped area of 109 acres for a town he intended to name Marthasville for his wife. Instead, . . . Map (db m50694) HM
13Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Advancing With Scott's BrigadeFollowing in Their Footsteps
(preface) This walkway traces the route that the men of Confederate Gen. Thomas M. Scott’s brigade took in the Battle of Franklin. Read below to see what it was like then and to follow in their footsteps Distance to Union Lines: 1,200 . . . Map (db m103665) HM
14Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Advancing With Scott's BrigadeFollowing in Their Footsteps
(preface) This walkway traces the route that the men of Confederate Gen. Thomas M. Scott’s brigade took in the Battle of Franklin. Read below to see what it was like then and to follow in their footsteps Distance to Union Lines: 1,500 . . . Map (db m103667) HM
15Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Advancing With Scott's BrigadeFollowing in Their Footsteps
(preface) This walkway traces the route that the men of Confederate Gen. Thomas Scott’s brigade took in the Battle of Franklin. Read below to see what it was like then and to follow in their footsteps Distance to Union Main Line: 1,000 . . . Map (db m105086) HM
16Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — African-American Schools in Franklin / African-American Schools in Williamson County
African-American Schools in Franklin From 1888 until 1967, African-American students were educated on this site. First known as Claiborne Institute in honor of Prof. Willis Claiborne (1862-1892), later schools here were known as Franklin . . . Map (db m149647) HM
17Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — AlabamaWe Dare Defend Our Rights
In memory of the men of Alabama who bravely fought and died at the Battle of Franklin and Nashville Alabama Infantry Regiments 1st 10th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 32nd 33rd 34th 35th . . . Map (db m147004) WM
18Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Allen Manufacturing Company
This complex of ten depression-era buildings, with a total of 310,000 square feet, housed four different factories over its industrial lifetime. The buildings were built for the Allen Manufacturing Co. (stove manufacturers) in 1929. More than . . . Map (db m69023) HM
19Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Andrew Jackson
On his return from New Orleans Andrew Jackson gave a brass cannon to Franklin A part of his soldiery camped here on their way to New Orleans.Map (db m61730) HM WM
20Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Arkansas
(front) The Battle of Franklin was the most tragic chapter of the Army of Tennessee. These were battle-hardened veterans. They knew the enemy they faced and the strength of their defenses. Honor, Valor, Patriotism, Devotion to Duty, and . . . Map (db m148704) HM
21Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Ash Grove
Ash Grove community in Sawyer's Bend of the Harpeth River was known for its Union bridge, built jointly by Davidson and Williamson Counties. Burned during the Civil War, the bridge was replaced in 1881. Before being washed away in the flood of 1948, . . . Map (db m165627) HM
22Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Attack on the Union LeftInto a Withering Fire — Hood's Campaign —
(preface) In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman’s supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman’s “March to the . . . Map (db m70660) HM
23Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Attack On The Union Left / Lot No. 1 in the Plan of Carnton
(obverse) Attack On The Union Left Confederate Regiments from Brig. Gen. Thomas Scott's, Brig. Gen. John Adams', and Brig. Gen. Winfield Featherstons's Brigades of Maj. Gen. William Loring's Division advanced under artillery fire . . . Map (db m40107) HM
24Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Bate's DivisionCheatham’s Corps — Army of Tennessee C.S.A. —
Maj. Gen. Wm. B. Bate’s division consisted of Smith’s Tennessee-Georgia, Bullock’s Florida and Jackson’s Georgia brigades. The division, struck the main line west of Brown’s Division, their right in the locust grove and their left at the Carter’s . . . Map (db m137252) HM
25Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle Ground Academy
Front: Founded in 1889 as Battle Ground Academy, the first campus was located on the foundation of the Carter Cotton Gin on Cleburne Street, the epicenter of the Battle of Franklin in 1864. BGA, founded on the principles of Character, . . . Map (db m146536) HM
26Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle Ground Academy
Founded in 1889 as Battle Ground Academy, the school was named for its original location across from the Carter House where the Battle of Franklin occurred in 1864. BGA, dedicated in an address by U.S. Senator William B. Bate, was founded on the . . . Map (db m151498) HM
27Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle Ground Academy
These 24 pounder howitzer guns were used during the Civil War. The guns weigh 1500 pounds and are 69 inches long. Each gun was built by Cyrus Aiger and Company from Boston, Massachusetts in 1847. The gun's serial numbers, 184 and 186, were under . . . Map (db m168265) HM
28Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 3D 49 — Battle Ground Academy
Founded in 1889 as Battle Ground Academy, named for its location where the Battle of Franklin occurred in 1864, and dedicated in an address by Confederate General William B. Bate, later governor and U.S. Senator, this boys' preparatory school was . . . Map (db m62329) HM
29Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of FranklinArtillery Hellfire
Several Federal gun crews delivered relentless fire to this portion of the Franklin battlefield late in the afternoon of November 30, 1864. At least fourteen of the Union’s thirty-six fieldpieces engaged at Franklin could hit the Eastern flank here. . . . Map (db m103508) HM
30Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of FranklinInto the Twilight
Visibility was always a critical factor in Civil War battles. Officers and enlisted men needed clear lines of sight to know where to move, when to stay in place, and in which direction to shoot. At the Battle of Franklin, two important factors . . . Map (db m103685) HM
31Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of FranklinThe Landscape Shapes the Battle
During the Civil War, topography played a major role in shaping events. The Battle of Franklin was a prime example. When Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood’s 20,000 men charged across these fields, the steep hills to their left and the angling . . . Map (db m103686) HM
32Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin
(Left Panel) Here occurred one of the most desperately fought battles of the entire War Between The States between forces (flag) under Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield, and the attacking (flag) Army of Tennessee under Gen. John B. Hood. . . . Map (db m138333) HM
33Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of FranklinNov. 30, 1864
2nd & 3rd Brigades 2nd Div. IV Army Corps Advanced Union rifle pits dug on ridge to the southMap (db m146530) HM
34Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, AftermathUnion POWs and the Sultana Disaster
More than 700 Union soldiers were made prisoners before, during, and after the Battle of Franklin. Although the war was almost over, many of them would never see their homes again. The vast majority were taken to prison camps in Cahaba, Alabama, and . . . Map (db m103505) HM
35Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankCarnton Becomes a Hospital
Confederate Gen. Willaim Loring’s division marched across the McGavock plantation during the battle. Anticipating heavy casualties, his officers chose Carnton for a hospital. The main house was a sound choice. Less than a mile (.6 km) from . . . Map (db m103442) HM
36Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankRecruiting For War
On September 28, 1861, local men sympathetic to the Confederacy gathered in this field to form the Williamson County Cavalry (Co. F, 4th Tennessee Cavalry). The local newspaper pronounced the company composed of “about 100 of the finest . . . Map (db m103480) HM
37Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankLoring's Division
In the Battle of Franklin, Confederate Gen. William W. Loring’s division formed the far right flank of the Confederate assault line. Numbering approximately 3,500 men, it marched across these fields and smashed into the Federal lines. The attempt . . . Map (db m103482) HM
38Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankDistances to Local & State Landmarks
(map panels) (left) Distances to Local Landmarks (right) Distances to Major LandmarksMap (db m103509) HM
39Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankNashville & Decatur Railroad
About 600 yards (550 meters) in front of you is the Nashville & Decatur Railroad. During the war, this line was only a few years old, but it was the most direct north-south transportation route through Middle Tennessee. Consequently, it was one . . . Map (db m103635) HM
40Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankThe Average Soldier
Whether in the Union or Confederate ranks, the typical Civil War soldier at Franklin came from a rural world. More than likely, he lived in the countryside or in a town about the size of Franklin, which had a population of about 750 at the time. . . . Map (db m103636) HM
41Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankShells from Fort Granger
About one mile (1.6 km) directly north of you stands Fort Granger, a large earthen fortification that provided the Union army a commanding view over much of this area. Built in the spring of 1863, Fort Granger sat on top of Figuers’ Bluff . . . Map (db m103637) HM
42Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankLewisburg Pike Toll House
Road construction boomed in Tennessee during the mid-1800s, and the Nashville area was the state’s primary highway hub. Private companies built most of the roads, and they placed tollhouses along the routes to collect fees to cover costs and create . . . Map (db m103666) HM
43Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankMcGavock Gristmill and Sawmill
During the battle, Confederate forces charged a gristmill and sawmill that stood directly in front of you on the Lewisburg Pike. In antebellum Middle Tennessee, tobacco grew well in the north, while cotton blossomed in the south. Corn, wheat, and . . . Map (db m103960) HM
44Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankMcGavock Slaves and the Civil War
Of Tennessee’s 83 counties in 1860, only in three did slaves outnumber whites. Two were near the Mississippi River, where large plantations flourished. The third was Williamson County. The McGavocks of Carnton, who owned 39 people in 1860, were . . . Map (db m188574) HM
45Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankCarnton
Today’s Carnton presents a quiet pastoral setting, but before the Civil War, John and Carrie McGavock’s farm would have looked more like a bustling agricultural factory. Their plantation encompassed 700 acres, more than three times the amount . . . Map (db m188613) HM
46Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Battle of Franklin, Eastern FlankCasualties in Perspective
How costly was the Battle of Franklin? More Americans became casualties in this five-hour battle than were lost in the first twenty-four hours of the Invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944, the largest amphibious assault in history. In both . . . Map (db m189005) HM
47Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Beasley Town / Bate's Division on the Western Flank
Beasley Town In 1899, W.J. Beasley and family came from Lick Creek to Franklin to establish a home and lumber mill. By 1920, Beasley was paying taxes on his home, sawmill and 24 rental houses valued at over $10,000 in total. Originally, the . . . Map (db m149782) HM
48Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Becoming the Front Line 1862
"Throughout 1862 first one army would be encamped in town, then the Federals. Raids were frequent, then we would run down in our cellar to get out of the range of the bullets. Sometimes we would spend a whole night there. The quiet would go on for . . . Map (db m103333) HM
49Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Bending Chestnut
The Indian practice of bending a chestnut sapling to the ground for marking trails gave this community its name. Such a tree stood at the crossroads which links Garrison to Greenbrier and Flagpole to Smarden. Fox's Store, established by . . . Map (db m164777) HM
50Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Berry’s Chapel Church of Christ
In 1880, a group of Christians, including the Hamilton, Whitfield, and Dobson families, began to meet in the Perkins School (later called Parman School), a one-room building located at the present day junction of Spencer Creek Road and Hillsboro . . . Map (db m158709) HM
51Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Berry’s Chapel Stone Wall / Berry's Chapel Community
Berry's Chapel Stone Wall. In the early 20th century, miles of limestone fences lined both sides of Hillsboro, Franklin and Columbia Pikes. Our predecessors placed a high value on their stonewalls. The good ones were referred to as "hog deep . . . Map (db m158712) HM
52Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Bingham
Among the early landowners in this once-flourishing community on Old Hillsboro Road were members of the Boyd, Carter, Haley, Hughes, Poynor, Reynolds, Rodgers, Short and Stone families. Bingham boasted Boyd's Mill on the West Harpeth, a federally . . . Map (db m166004) HM
53Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Boston
In 1801, Revolutionary soldier William Sparkman settled on 320 acres on the headwaters of Leiper's Fork near the Duck River Ridge. In time, the Beasley, Davis, Marlin, Robinson, Skelley, Sudberry and Walls families became his neighbors. . . . Map (db m164796) HM
54Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Boyd's Mill
Boyd's Mill was once the center of the costal and economic life of the Bingham community. Today, only the stone foundations give evidence to its position on the West Harpeth River. Originally built by Hendley Stone in 1809, sequent owners and . . . Map (db m150386) HM
55Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Brigadier General Hiram B. GranburyConfederate States of America — Commander, Texas Brigade, Army of Tennessee —
(front) Born: March 1, 1831 Died: On this field, November 30, 1864 A moment before he fell, he urged his Texans on: “Forward, men, forward! Never let it be said that Texans lag in a fight!” They never did, and neither . . . Map (db m138119) HM
56Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Brigadier's Walk
The sense of pride, honor and integrity of the everyday fighting man of the Army of Tennessee made the brilliant careers of these five Brigadier Generals possible. Largely non-slave owning, these brave men of the Army of Tennessee followed Adams, . . . Map (db m135827) HM WM
57Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Brown's DivisionArmy of Tennessee — C.S.A. —
This division, commanded by Major General John C. Brown, consisted or Gordon’s, Strahl’s and Carter’s Tennessee Brigades, and Gist’s South Carolina and Georgia Brigade. They were engaged south and west of the Carter House to the locust grove. Around . . . Map (db m137251) HM
58Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Captain Theodrick (Tod) Carter20th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry Smith’s Brigade — Bate’s Division, Cheatham’s Corps, Army of Tennessee C.S.A. —
Born at the Carter House March 24, 1840 and educated at the Harpeth Academy. He was an attorney-at-law and a Master Mason. Tod enlisted in Co. H, 20th Tenn. Inf. May 1, 1862. Appointed Assistant Quarter Master on Oct. 24, 1862 and served as a war . . . Map (db m137299) HM
59Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — CarntonSlavery and the Enslaved
The first enslaved African Americans were brought to Carnton in the nineteenth century. In 1820, eleven slaves lived here. By 1860, forty-four enslaved men, women and children labored on the six-hundred-acre farm. They lived in eleven cabins, most . . . Map (db m142923) HM
60Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — CarntonA Final Place of Rest
In this part of the McGavock family cemetery are buried some of the people who were once enslaved here, former slaves, and perhaps African-Americans who labored at Carnton in the decades following the Civil War. These individuals are an integrated . . . Map (db m142939) HM
61Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Carnton PlantationBattle of Franklin
Carnton was built ca. 1815 by Randal McGavock (1768-1843), planter, political leader and mayor of Nashville. Named after the McGavock home in Northern Ireland, the house was greatly enlarged by Randal ca.1826. His son, John, later added the Greek . . . Map (db m62916) HM
62Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Carnton PlantationCaught in the Middle — Hood's Campaign —
Preface: In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman’s supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman’s “March to . . . Map (db m135448) HM
63Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Carothers Family
Robert Carothers, Sr., a Revolutionary War soldier, and his family came to Tennessee from North Carolina in 1791 and were living in Williamson County in 1799. His son James, a War of 1812 veteran, became a prosperous landowner well-known for his . . . Map (db m149859) HM
64Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Carter Gin House
The Carter cotton gin house, the scene of some of the bloodiest fighting of the Battle of Franklin, was located about 80 yards east of Columbia Pike. General Adams, Cleburne and Granbury were killed near here. The gin house, a weatherboarded, frame . . . Map (db m146527) HM
65Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 3D 34 — Carter House»—→
Built 1830 by Fountain Branch Carter, and in use by three generations of his family. Here was command post of Maj. Gen. Jacob D. Cox, Federal field commander of Schofield's delaying action. The hottest fighting took place just east and south nearby, . . . Map (db m188358) HM
66Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Carter's Cotton GinBloody Ground — Hood's Campaign —
(Preface): In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood let the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman's supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman's "March to . . . Map (db m137247) HM WM
67Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Charles C. Johnson School
Johnson Elementary School was dedicated on November 30, 1958, being named for Dr. Charles C. Johnson (1886-1966), a prominent local African American physician. Mr. James R. Watkins (1914-1996), Johnson’s first principal, led the school through the . . . Map (db m141186) HM
68Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Chestnut Blight
Chestnut Blight Strikes! First identified in 1904 in New York’s Bronx Zoological Park, the chestnut blight is caused by an Asiatic fungus (Cryphonectria parasitica) and is almost always lethal to the American chestnut. Moving through the . . . Map (db m143852) HM
69Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 3D 57 — Chickasaw Treaty Council
In the spring of 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act providing the President with means to exchange the lands of the five civilized Indian nations of the Southeast for lands west of the Mississippi. On August 20, 1830 Andrew Jackson met in . . . Map (db m61729) HM
70Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — City Cemetery
The two-acre city cemetery was deeded by Joel Parrish in 1811 to the town commissioners for $100. Among the early settlers buried here are Ewan Cameron who built Franklin’s first house, and Thomas Stuart, who served as judge of the Fourth Circuit . . . Map (db m141592) HM
71Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Civil War FranklinWomen's Experience
According to a Nashville newspaper, by 1863 the ravages of war had made once-prosperous Franklin "but the ruin of its former greatness. Desolation and decay have passed over it." The Union occupation in the spring of 1863 was followed by a . . . Map (db m120382) HM
72Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Civil War FranklinThe African-American Experience
In 1860, African-Americans — both enslaved and free — made up more than half of Franklin's residents, as well as half of Williamson County's population. When the Federal army arrived late in 1862, many slaves freed themselves by . . . Map (db m120385) HM
73Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Cleburne’s DivisionArmy of Tennessee — C.S.A. —
This division was commanded by Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, and consisted of Granbury’s Texas Brigade, Govan’s Arkansas Brigade, and Lowry’s Alabama and Mississippi Brigade. They were engaged around the Cotton Gin, which stood S.E. of the . . . Map (db m135355) HM
74Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Cockrell's Missouri Brigade CSA
On this field of honor Missouri men of Cockrell’s Brigade fought and died for Southern independence November 30, 1864 Franklin, Tennessee Presented by Missourians of the Sons of Confederate Veterans and his friends in memory of . . . Map (db m135824) WM
75Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 3D 45 — Confederate Cemetery<-- 0.7 miles
Following the Battle of Franklin, Nov. 30, 1864, John McGavock, owner of “Carnton,” collected and buried here the bodies of 1496 Confederates. The five general officers killed there were interred elsewhere after being brought to the . . . Map (db m83173) HM WM
76Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Confederate Reunions at McGavock's Grove
Years after the Civil War ended, veterans slowly began to form reunions. Among the most common gathering sites were cemeteries, where survivors paid homage to their fallen comrades. The McGavock Confederate Cemetery was one such meeting place. . . . Map (db m103488) HM
77Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Courthouse
Williamson County's first courthouses, one log, one brick, were in the center of the square. This the third, completed in 1858 under the supervision of John W. Miller, is one of seven antebellum courthouses in Tennessee. The four iron columns were . . . Map (db m61696) HM
78Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Dan German Hospital(1938-1958)
Dr. Dan German (1875-1942) purchased the S.S. and Betty House home in 1937 and immediately began remodeling the mid-nineteenth century residence into a clinic, veneering the exterior with fieldstone. The Review Appeal best described the . . . Map (db m149352) HM
79Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — DeGraffenreid Cemetery
Buried here is one of Franklin's first settlers, Metcalfe DeGraffenreid (1760-1803), a Lunenburg County, Virginia native. Three of his sons, Abram, Metcalfe, Jr., and Matthew Fontaine, were veterans of the War of 1812. One of them, Metcalfe, Jr. is . . . Map (db m149650) HM
80Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Eastern Flank Battlefield ParkMeadow Restoration — Balancing Community and Nature —
Since the beginning, Agriculture (sic) has played an important role in the development of Franklin and Williamson County. The McGavick family and Carnton Plantation certainly share in that history. In the past, the fields before you have produced . . . Map (db m146808) HM
81Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Edward Swanson(1759-1840)
Edward Swanson laid the foundation for a cabin one mile west prior to March 1780. This was the earliest known attempted white settlement in Williamson County. Swanson was one of eight men who came to the French Lick with James Robertson early in . . . Map (db m126981) HM
82Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Epic Struggle in the Carter Garden
Prior to the Civil War, this area was part of a roughly two acre tract used by the Carter family as a garden. Potatoes, okra, raspberries, apples, and peaches were just a few of the crops grown here. On November 30, 1864, the garden was destroyed . . . Map (db m188488) HM
83Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Epicenter of the Battle of FranklinThe Carter House — Hood's Campaign —
(Preface): In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northeast against Sherman's supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman's "March to . . . Map (db m136409) HM WM
84Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Epworth United Methodist Church
This church, dedicated in 1910, was formed by the union of two earlier churches, Thomas Church (1853) and North’s Chapel (1866). Land for the new church was given by Jesse A. and Mittie Toon Pierce. The chancel rail from the old Thomas Church and . . . Map (db m165236) HM
85Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Ewen Cameron
On this site in 1798 Ewen Cameron built the first house in the town of Franklin. Cameron was born Feb. 23, 1768 in Balgalkan, Ferintosh, Scotland. He emigrated to Virginia in 1785 and from there came to Tennessee. Cameron died Feb. 28, 1846, having . . . Map (db m61692) HM
86Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Ewingville / Alexander Ewing
Ewingville The local newspaper reported in 1875 that Ewingville "is to Franklin what West End is to London; what Brooklyn is to New York; what Edgefield is to Nashville." Ewingville begins on the east bank of the Harpeth River and extends on . . . Map (db m149068) HM
87Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Federal BreastworksBattle of Franklin
The breastworks, thirty yards south, were held by Grose’s Brigade, Kimball’s Division of the Fourth U.S. Army Corps on Nov. 30, 1864. Around 5 p.m., the brigade was attacked by two regiments of Finley’s Florida Brigade, C.S.A. The Floridians . . . Map (db m135394) HM
88Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Federal Forward Line
On November 30, 1864, Col. Joseph Conrad's and Col. John Lane's brigades of Brig. Gen. George D. Wagner's Federal Second Division, Fourth Corps, were placed east and west of the road near this position one half mile south of the Federal main line. . . . Map (db m146531) HM WM
89Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Fernvale
In 1819, Samuel and Ollie Jones Smith settled along the South Harpeth River near the sulphur springs. In 1879, John B. McEwen purchased Smith's Springs, renamed it Fernvale, and developed a popular summer resort. In 1904, railroad executive William . . . Map (db m166012) HM
90Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Field HospitalsCaring for the Wounded — Hood's Campaign —
Preface:In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman's supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman's "March to the . . . Map (db m137255) HM WM
91Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Fifth Third Bank
This building was built in the late 1870’s or early 1880’s. In 1888, it housed the agricultural implements repository but in 1893, it was a boarding house. In 1903, Marshall Neely operated a hotel here (sic) it was purchased in 1908 by a Mr. Mays. . . . Map (db m140325) HM
92Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Fight at Hollow Tree GapHood's Retreat from Nashville
(Prelude) In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman's supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman's "March to the . . . Map (db m149830) HM
93Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — First Presbyterian Church
First Presbyterian Church was organized on June 8, 1811 with 46 members, including four newly ordained elders. The founding pastor, the Rev. Gideon Blackburn, was a noted preacher, teacher, founder of numerous churches and schools, and . . . Map (db m149857) HM
94Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Flagpole Campground / Pinewood Road
Flagpole Campground During the 1890s Williamson County experienced a religious awakening under the banner of the “Holiness Movement.” Advocates of the “second blessing" and “entire sanctification” met at . . . Map (db m166398) HM
95Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Forest Hill
This community was named for the plantation of Thomas F, Perkins, earlier owned by Nicholas Perkins Hardeman and originally a land grant to Hugh Leiper. The plantation plus a portion of Hardy Murfree's 5,000 acre tract, the Kinnard, Mayberry, and . . . Map (db m149644) HM
96Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Forest Home
This community, which appeared on a early twentieth century map spelled "Forrest Home," is thought to have been named for Gen. Nathan B. Forrest, C.S.A., who found it a safe haven after his raid on Brentwood in March, 1863. Forest Home is near the . . . Map (db m149807) HM
97Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Fort GrangerFranklin Stronghold — Hood's Campaign —
In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman’s supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman’s “March to the Sea,” Hood . . . Map (db m41119) HM
98Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Fort GrangerWalking Tour Introduction
Welcome to Fort Granger. The fort’s position atop Figuers Bluff allowed the Union army to command the town of Franklin as well as the road and railroad that served Nashville. The 84th Indiana Infantry was among the regiments that improved and manned . . . Map (db m142321) HM
99Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Fort GrangerManning the Fort
Located along Figuers Bluff overlooking the Harpeth River, this Federal fort, named for Union Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger, was well situated to control transportation in and out of Franklin. U.S. Corps of Engineers Capt. William E. Merrill supervised . . . Map (db m142425) HM
100Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Fort Granger“We could see every troop and every gun”
Union troops fought at Fort Granger during the Battle of Franklin of November 30, 1864. As the sun set that afternoon, Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood’s army engaged Union Gen. John M. Schofield’s troops in a vicious battle. Five horrific hours of . . . Map (db m142524) HM

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Jan. 27, 2022