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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Gaffney, South Carolina
Location of Gaffney, South Carolina
► Cherokee County (67) ► Spartanburg County (125) ► Union County (38) ► York County (127) ► Cleveland County, North Carolina (25) ► Rutherford County, North Carolina (32)
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In 1849, journalist-historian Benson Lossing traveled to the Scruggs farm seeking information about the Cowpens battle. Using the house as a point of reference, he located fields "within a quarter mile of the Scruggs" where the battle raged more . . . — — Map (db m32276) HM|
|Near the end of the battle, as the Americans swept forward, two Continental officers sought to capture the enemy's light 3-pounder "grasshopper" cannons. Captain Anderson of Maryland won the race when he used his spontoon to vault forward onto one . . . — — Map (db m13029) HM|
After victory at Cowpens, American commander, General Daniel Morgan marches his army off this field to the north and crossed the Broad River. In North Carolina, Morgan dismissed the militia.
Many of the heroes of Cowpens helped build the . . . — — Map (db m34739) HM|
| South Inscription:
The Congress of the United States has caused this Monument to be erected on the site of the Battle of Cowpens as a testimonial to the valor and in appreciation of the services of the American Troops on this field in . . . — — Map (db m11186) HM|
This Classical Revival building, built in 1913-14 and designed by Arthur W. Hamby, was one of 14 public libraries built in S.C. between 1903 and 1916 with funding from Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Foundation. A 1938 addition compatible to the . . . — — Map (db m7307) HM|
"Lest we Forget"
Though men deserve
they may not win success.
The brave will honor
the brave vanquished
none the less.
This tablet in memoriam
Moses . . . — — Map (db m7347) HM|
|World War I
Chesney, Coke T.
Dickson, Leander T.
Gallman, Richard . . . — — Map (db m11166) WM|
|In Memory of the Boys
of Cherokee County who lost their lives
in the World War, 1917 - 1918
Arthur Burgess Grier Ellis Richard Callman Jay Bee Godfrey
Albert Grant Broadus Hames John G. Hamrick Richard Hicks Thomas . . . — — Map (db m13433) HM|
|Col. James Williams
Hero of the battle of Kings Mountain 1780
Erected by Daniel Morgan Chapter D.A.R. 1917 — — Map (db m7331) HM|
After firing twice, the militia retreated behind the
Continentals who were awaiting the British advance in this area. British reinforcements, Fraser's 71st Highlanders, threatened the Continentals' right flank. Lt. Col. Howard ordered his right . . . — — Map (db m13031) HM|
On this field, the Continentals blunted the British advance, then charged with bayonets flashing. Cavalry hit the left and right of the 71st. The militia reformed and surged against the right and left. British troops found themselves overwhelmed . . . — — Map (db m13030) HM|
A pioneer in the Promotion of the
Conservation District movement,
locally, statewide, and national.
First chairman ~ Broad River
First president ~ S.C. Association
of Conservation Districts.
First president ~ . . . — — Map (db m18240) HM|
First Baptist Church
B.P. Robertson, Pastor
Corner stone from second auditorium building which was demolished September 1949 to make way for the present building . . . — — Map (db m7554) HM|
|Today Tarleton's force would be called a combined arms task force. It contained all the elements to conduct a quick movement and "engage an enemy." Ranks of redcoated fusiliers, regulars, and raw recruits of the 7th Regiment formed in this immediate . . . — — Map (db m13423) HM|
The view seen beyond was a frontier pasturing ground, known locally as the Cow Pens. The name came from the custom of wintering cattle in the lush area around Thicketty Mountain.
General Daniel Morgan chose this ground for its tactical . . . — — Map (db m126716) HM|
|The land you are standing on has not always been protected by the National Park Service. For 200 years after the battle, homes, farms, and other businesses occupied the 842 acres that make up Cowpens National Battlefield.
Although Congress . . . — — Map (db m108656) HM|
The Grindal Shoals and Cherokee Ford roads crossed here when this land was orininally granted to John
Sarratt in 1799 by the State of South Carolina. Michael Gaffney purchased the land in 1804 and by
1820 Gaffney's Tavern was located at the . . . — — Map (db m7245) HM|
Born Sept. 29,1775 in Granard,
County Longford, Ireland.
Came to Charleston S.C.
Feb. 3, 1800.
Married Miss. Polly Smith
of Smith's Ford Union County
July 21, 1803.
He established the present
site of . . . — — Map (db m7270) HM|
|A stone located on the
northeast corner of this
the point from which the
streets of the town of
Gaffney were laid out in
1873. — — Map (db m23941) HM|
|(Front) This church, the oldest in the Broad River Association, was founded in 1770 and was first called Thicketty Branch Baptist Church. After meeting in a brush arbor and area houses, it built its first permanent church, a log building, . . . — — Map (db m59075) HM|
|Granard Graded and High School
This is the original location of Granard Graded and High School, also known as Granard Street School. It was built here between 1905 and 1914 and included the first black high school in Gaffney. The first high . . . — — Map (db m23967) HM|
|Richard Scruggs II bought 100 acres adjacent to Cowpens battlefield after the South Carolina General Assembly opened vacant lands for sale. Around 1811 he built a log cabin, probably with a split log roof and dirt floor. The family sheared wool, . . . — — Map (db m108653) HM|
|Married June 27th, 1874.
Came to Gaffney in August, 1876.
Merchant, Banker, President of Mills,
Business Leader, Builder of Homes and
Houses of Business, Philanthropist.
This building was erected by A.N. Wood
in 1881, being from the . . . — — Map (db m7330) HM|
The British soldiers arrived at the Cow Pens about dawn. The right flank of the British army formed in this general area with the rest of the troops stretching across the Green River Road. Ahead, in the distance, Morgan's army awaited. — — Map (db m11356) HM|
In 1787 this field was a grassy meadow dotted with tall hardwoods, native grasses and cane. Today, the land is being restored to its appearance at the time of the battle. — — Map (db m32353) HM|
|The American second line of defense stood in position here. About sunrise,the British appeared. The militia, though not trained to stand against massed British bayonets, fought well and shot with deadly effect. "At first it was pop, pop, pop . . . — — Map (db m77693) HM|
|The Seven Branches Of Learning
The higher division of the seven liberal arts in the Middle Ages, composed of geometry, astronomy, arithmetic, and music
The lower division of the seven liberal arts . . . — — Map (db m7253) HM|
Founded in 1845 as the Limestone Springs Female High School by Dr. Thomas Curtis and his son Dr. William Curtis, distinguished Baptist clergymen. The school thrived until falling on hard times during the Civil War and Reconstruction. In 1881 the . . . — — Map (db m44487) HM|
Used as early as the American Revolution, this site became a “Summer Watering Place” in 1835. Low country aristocrats such as Governor David Johnson were attracted here by the climate and therapeutic waters. A post office was here . . . — — Map (db m9967) HM|
|1775 - 1854
City of Gaffney
Memorial Wall Erected 1976
by City of Gaffney
Leonard Hope, Mayor
Ben L. Clary, City Administrator
Ray Clary, Frank Guyton, Fred Kirby
John Q. . . . — — Map (db m23558) HM|
|Michael Gaffney was born in Granard Ireland and immigrated to the United States in 1797. After a short period in New York, he set sail for Charleston, South Carolina. He departed Charleston for the upstate and arrived at Smith's Ford on the Broad . . . — — Map (db m7280) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m13709) HM|
Morgan's army came from many states-the two Carolinas, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, and Virginia. They were joined by the militia, some of whom had helped destroy the British army of loyalist Americans under Ferguson at Kings Mountain. They . . . — — Map (db m13035) HM|
|General Morgan's army secured a great victory on the field before you: "Our loss was inconsiderable, not having more than twelve killed and sixty wounded. The enemy's loss was 10 commissioned officers and over 100 rank and file killed and 200 . . . — — Map (db m13034) HM|
|General Morgan's army secured a great victory on the field before you: "Our loss was inconsiderable, not having more than twelve killed and sixty wounded. The enemy's loss was 10 commissioned officers and over 100 rank and file killed and 200 . . . — — Map (db m88623) HM|
|The Green River Road, which evolved from an Indian trail to a colonial trade route, played a fundamental role in the Revolutionary War battles that led to America's victory at Yorktown, Virginia.
On the evening of October 6, 1780, while on . . . — — Map (db m108657) HM|
|The sharpshooters at the skirmish line waited until Tarleton's army got within shooting distance. Their orders were to slow Tarleton's advance with well-aimed rifle fire and then fall back to the militia second line. As the British came within range . . . — — Map (db m13065) HM|
After firing as ordered, the American skirmishers melted back to the second line of defense.
Seeing this, the British troops moved forward at quickstep, raising a great shout as they advanced. — — Map (db m13028) HM|
"Sir-you are appointed to the command of a corps of Light Infantry, a detachment of Militia, and Lt. Col. Washington's Regiment of Light Dragoons...The object of this detachment is to give protection to that part of the country and spirit up . . . — — Map (db m13061) HM|
The family cemetery of Lt. Col. James Steen (d. 1781), S.C. militia officer during the American Revolution, is on his plantation nearby, along Thicketty Creek. Steen, who commanded units in several campaigns from 1775 to 1781, was killed in 1781 . . . — — Map (db m44670) HM|
Nearby, retreating British officers of the 17th Light Dragoons, clashed with pursuing American horsemen led by Lt. Col. William Washington. He quickly outpaced his troops, broke his weapon at the hilt when he got into a sword fight with a British . . . — — Map (db m13025) HM|
|In the winter of 1780, General Daniel Morgan moved a veteran force of American Continentals and militia into the area west of the Broad River in modern-day Spartanburg and Cherokee Counties. To counter this threat, British Commander Lord Cornwallis . . . — — Map (db m108659) HM|
On this field on January 17, 1781, Daniel Morgan led his army to a brilliant victory over Banastre Tarleton's force of British regulars. One of only a few successful double envelopments in history, this battle is recognized by historians as one . . . — — Map (db m126715) HM|
British commander, Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton, ordered a detachment of cavalry forward to scatter the American skirmishers. The green-uniformed British Legion - Americans loyal to the king - awaited the order to advance. — — Map (db m11357) HM|
|The open forests proved well-suited for cavalry action. Fast-moving, hard-hitting mounted troops called Light Dragoons bolstered the 18th century infantry.
At least seventy South Carolina and Georgia mounted militiamen, armed with pistols and . . . — — Map (db m13063) HM|
|This line consisted of Continentals from Maryland and Delaware as well as militia from Virginia and North Carolina. Seasoned veterans under Lt. Col. John Eager Howard of Maryland, they had served at least one year and were Morgan's most reliable . . . — — Map (db m13064) HM|
|The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail preserves and commemorates the route of Patriot militia during the 1780 Kings Mountain campaign.
During that historic event, on October 6, 1780, American forces stopped here at the Cow Pens to rest . . . — — Map (db m108660) HM|
|The Revolution in the South
After the war in the North came to a stalemate, British commanders decided take the war to the South where there was thought to be an abundance of Loyalist (Americans in favor of British rule) support.
When the . . . — — Map (db m108661) HM|
to the Memory
Thomas Curtis, D.D.
by his affectionate
He was born
May 10, 1797 in the town
of Wisbfach England.
And was lost . . . — — Map (db m7281) HM|
Robert Scruggs married Catherine Connell, and in 1828 his father, Richard Scruggs, gave them 200 acres of land. They had eleven children and added onto the house as the family grew.
Life at the time was hard; yeomen farmers raised corn, . . . — — Map (db m126717) HM|
This side indicates the center point for the second survey by the Town of Gaffney to expand its city limits to include all property within a one-mile radius of this location. The survey was conducted by R.O. Sams, February 27, 1890 . . . — — Map (db m44392) HM|
|This monument was dedicated in 1932 in recognition of all the men who fought at the Battle of Cowpens. — — Map (db m42716) HM|
|This Monument was erected by
The Washington Light Infantry
Of Charleston S.C.
L.M. Hatch. Capt
Cowpens Chapter D.A.R.
1936 — — Map (db m13385) HM|
The Washington Light Infantry of Charleston, South Carolina, erected this monument in 1856 near the final stages of the Battle of Cowpens to commemorate the important American victory here. Though the years have changed much of the monument's . . . — — Map (db m138554) HM|
| This park commemorates a decisive battle that helped turn the tide of war in the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution. — — Map (db m42656) HM|
This plantation, 1.5 mi. S. near Thicketty Creek, was settled about 1767 by John Nuckolls, Sr. (1732-1780), a native of Virginia. During the American Revolution, as the war in the backcountry became a vicious civil war, the plantation became . . . — — Map (db m39046) HM|