“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Gaffney, South Carolina

Clickable Map of Cherokee County, South Carolina and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Cherokee County, SC (70) Spartanburg County, SC (127) Union County, SC (41) York County, SC (144) Cleveland County, NC (29) Rutherford County, NC (34)  CherokeeCounty(70) Cherokee County (70)  SpartanburgCounty(127) Spartanburg County (127)  UnionCounty(41) Union County (41)  YorkCounty(144) York County (144)  ClevelandCountyNorth Carolina(29) Cleveland County (29)  RutherfordCounty(34) Rutherford County (34)
Gaffney is the county seat for Cherokee County
Gaffney is in Cherokee County
      Cherokee County (70)  
      Spartanburg County (127)  
      Union County (41)  
      York County (144)  
      Cleveland County, North Carolina (29)  
      Rutherford County, North Carolina (34)  
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1South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — "...A Most Dreary Appearance"
In 1849, journalist-historian Benson Lossing traveled to the Scruggs farm seeking information about the Cowpens battle. Using the house as a point of reference, he located fields "within a quarter mile of the Scruggs" where the battle raged more . . . Map (db m32276) HM
2South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — 09.11.2001 — A Day Not To Be Forgotten
Somerset County, PA • New York, NY • Washington, DCMap (db m197300) HM
3South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — A Race for the Grasshopper
Near the end of the battle, as the Americans swept forward, two Continental officers sought to capture the enemy's light 3-pounder "grasshopper" cannons. Captain Anderson of Maryland won the race when he used his spontoon to vault forward onto one . . . Map (db m13029) HM
4South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — After Victory
After victory at Cowpens, American commander, General Daniel Morgan marches his army off this field to the north and crossed the Broad River. In North Carolina, Morgan dismissed the militia. Many of the heroes of Cowpens helped build the . . . Map (db m34739) HM
5South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Battle of Cowpens Monument
South Inscription: The Congress of the United States has caused this Monument to be erected on the site of the Battle of Cowpens as a testimonial to the valor and in appreciation of the services of the American Troops on this field in . . . Map (db m11186) HM
6South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — 11-6 — Carnegie Library
This Classical Revival building, built in 1913-14 and designed by Arthur W. Hamby, was one of 14 public libraries built in S.C. between 1903 and 1916 with funding from Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Foundation. A 1938 addition compatible to the . . . Map (db m7307) HM
7South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Cherokee County Confederate Monument — Our Confederate Soldiers — 1861-1865 —
(North Inscription) "Lest we Forget" (South Inscription) Though men deserve they may not win success. The brave will honor the brave vanquished none the less. (Footstone) This tablet in memoriam Moses . . . Map (db m7347) HM
8South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Cherokee County Veterans Monument
World War I Allen, Landrum • Allen, Loyd • Bobo, Jesse • Burgess, Arthur • Camp, Oscar • Chesney, Coke T. • Collins, Ed • Crocker, Alexander • Dickson, Leander T. • Dowdle, Glenn • Edwards, Arthur • Ellis, Grier • Gallman, Richard . . . Map (db m11166) WM
9South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Cherokee County WW I Rememberence
In Memory of the Boys of Cherokee County who lost their lives in the World War, 1917 - 1918 Arthur Burgess • Grier Ellis • Richard Callman • Jay Bee Godfrey • Albert Grant • Broadus Hames • John G. Hamrick • Richard Hicks • Thomas . . . Map (db m13433) HM
10South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Col. James Williams
Col. James Williams Hero of the battle of Kings Mountain 1780 Erected by Daniel Morgan Chapter D.A.R. 1917Map (db m7331) HM
11South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Colonel Howard's Misunderstood Order
After firing twice, the militia retreated behind the Continentals who were awaiting the British advance in this area. British reinforcements, Fraser's 71st Highlanders, threatened the Continentals' right flank. Lt. Col. Howard ordered his right . . . Map (db m13031) HM
12South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Double Envelopment
On this field, the Continentals blunted the British advance, then charged with bayonets flashing. Cavalry hit the left and right of the 71st. The militia reformed and surged against the right and left. British troops found themselves overwhelmed . . . Map (db m13030) HM
13South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — 11-14 — Dunton Chapel Methodist Church
Dunton Chapel Methodist Church can trace its origins to 1870 when Rev. J.R. Rosemond began preaching in the home of Milton Hardy. The church was built c. 1878, but has undergone many renovations, including being brick veneered in 1937. Originally . . . Map (db m196183) HM
14South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — E.C. McArthur — 1882~1947 — Gaffney, South Carolina —
A pioneer in the Promotion of the Conservation District movement, locally, statewide, and national. First chairman ~ Broad River Conservation District. First president ~ S.C. Association of Conservation Districts. First president ~ . . . Map (db m18240) HM
15South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — First Baptist Church
[Lower marker]: First Baptist Church Founded 1878 Built 1899 B.P. Robertson, Pastor [Upper marker] Corner stone from second auditorium building which was demolished September 1949 to make way for the present building . . . Map (db m7554) HM
16South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Form the Line of Battle
Today Tarleton's force would be called a combined arms task force. It contained all the elements to conduct a quick movement and "engage an enemy." Ranks of redcoated fusiliers, regulars, and raw recruits of the 7th Regiment formed in this immediate . . . Map (db m13423) HM
17South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — From Cow Pasture to Battlefield
The view seen beyond was a frontier pasturing ground, known locally as the Cow Pens. The name came from the custom of wintering cattle in the lush area around Thicketty Mountain. General Daniel Morgan chose this ground for its tactical . . . Map (db m126716) HM
18South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — From Pasture to Park — Cowpens National Battlefield
The land you are standing on has not always been protected by the National Park Service. For 200 years after the battle, homes, farms, and other businesses occupied the 842 acres that make up Cowpens National Battlefield. Although Congress . . . Map (db m108656) HM
19South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Gaffney — Michael Gaffney
[Southeast Face] Born Sept. 29,1775 in Granard, County Longford, Ireland. Came to Charleston S.C. Feb. 3, 1800. Married Miss. Polly Smith of Smith's Ford Union County July 21, 1803. He established the present site of . . . Map (db m7270) HM
20South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — 11-2 — Gaffney
The Grindal Shoals and Cherokee Ford roads crossed here when this land was orininally granted to John Sarratt in 1799 by the State of South Carolina. Michael Gaffney purchased the land in 1804 and by 1820 Gaffney's Tavern was located at the . . . Map (db m7245) HM
21South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Gaffney Cornerstone
A stone located on the northeast corner of this intersection commemorates the point from which the streets of the town of Gaffney were laid out in 1873.Map (db m23941) HM
22South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — 11 - 11 — Goucher Baptist Church
(Front) This church, the oldest in the Broad River Association, was founded in 1770 and was first called Thicketty Branch Baptist Church. After meeting in a brush arbor and area houses, it built its first permanent church, a log building, . . . Map (db m59075) HM
23South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — 11-7 — Granard Graded and High School / Granard High School
Granard Graded and High School This is the original location of Granard Graded and High School, also known as Granard Street School. It was built here between 1905 and 1914 and included the first black high school in Gaffney. The first high . . . Map (db m23967) HM
24South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Hearth and Home — Cowpens National Battlefield
Richard Scruggs II bought 100 acres adjacent to Cowpens battlefield after the South Carolina General Assembly opened vacant lands for sale. Around 1811 he built a log cabin, probably with a split log roof and dirt floor. The family sheared wool, . . . Map (db m108653) HM
25South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — In Memoriam — Adolphus Nott Wood, of South Carolina and Millie Catherine Draper, of Alabama — (Dec. 17th, 1845 Oct. 8th,1932) (May 14th, 1856 Dec. 11th, 1894) —
Married June 27th, 1874. Came to Gaffney in August, 1876. Merchant, Banker, President of Mills, Business Leader, Builder of Homes and Houses of Business, Philanthropist. This building was erected by A.N. Wood in 1881, being from the . . . Map (db m7330) HM
26South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — January 17, 1781 — A Decisive American Victory Fought in Less than One Hour
The British soldiers arrived at the Cow Pens about dawn. The right flank of the British army formed in this general area with the rest of the troops stretching across the Green River Road. Ahead, in the distance, Morgan's army awaited.Map (db m11356) HM
27South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Landscape Restoration Project
In 1787 this field was a grassy meadow dotted with tall hardwoods, native grasses and cane. Today, the land is being restored to its appearance at the time of the battle.Map (db m32353) HM
28South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Let 'em Get Within Killin' Distance
The American second line of defense stood in position here. About sunrise,the British appeared. The militia, though not trained to stand against massed British bayonets, fought well and shot with deadly effect. "At first it was pop, pop, pop . . . Map (db m77693) HM
29South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Limestone — Φ Ω Σ Δ Ε — 1845 —
The Seven Branches Of Learning Quadrivium The higher division of the seven liberal arts in the Middle Ages, composed of geometry, astronomy, arithmetic, and music Trivium The lower division of the seven liberal arts . . . Map (db m7253) HM
30South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — 11-3 — Limestone College
Founded in 1845 as the Limestone Springs Female High School by Dr. Thomas Curtis and his son Dr. William Curtis, distinguished Baptist clergymen. The school thrived until falling on hard times during the Civil War and Reconstruction. In 1881 the . . . Map (db m44487) HM
31South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — 11-1 — Limestone Springs
Used as early as the American Revolution, this site became a “Summer Watering Place” in 1835. Low country aristocrats such as Governor David Johnson were attracted here by the climate and therapeutic waters. A post office was here . . . Map (db m9967) HM
32South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Michael Gaffney
1775 - 1854 Michael Gaffney Founder City of Gaffney Memorial Wall Erected 1976 by City of Gaffney Leonard Hope, Mayor Ben L. Clary, City Administrator Ray Clary, Frank Guyton, Fred Kirby John Q. . . . Map (db m23558) HM
33South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Michael Gaffney Home — * 1804 *
Michael Gaffney was born in Granard Ireland and immigrated to the United States in 1797. After a short period in New York, he set sail for Charleston, South Carolina. He departed Charleston for the upstate and arrived at Smith's Ford on the Broad . . . Map (db m7280) HM
34South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Millwood Park
. . . Map (db m13709) HM
35South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Morgan's Flying Army
Morgan's army came from many states-the two Carolinas, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, and Virginia. They were joined by the militia, some of whom had helped destroy the British army of loyalist Americans under Ferguson at Kings Mountain. They . . . Map (db m13035) HM
36South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Race to the Dan River
General Morgan's army secured a great victory on the field before you: "Our loss was inconsiderable, not having more than twelve killed and sixty wounded. The enemy's loss was 10 commissioned officers and over 100 rank and file killed and 200 . . . Map (db m13034) HM
37South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Race to the Dan River
General Morgan's army secured a great victory on the field before you: "Our loss was inconsiderable, not having more than twelve killed and sixty wounded. The enemy's loss was 10 commissioned officers and over 100 rank and file killed and 200 . . . Map (db m88623) HM
38South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Road to the Revolution — Cowpens National Battlefield
The Green River Road, which evolved from an Indian trail to a colonial trade route, played a fundamental role in the Revolutionary War battles that led to America's victory at Yorktown, Virginia. On the evening of October 6, 1780, while on . . . Map (db m108657) HM
39South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Sharpshooters at the Skirmish Line
The sharpshooters at the skirmish line waited until Tarleton's army got within shooting distance. Their orders were to slow Tarleton's advance with well-aimed rifle fire and then fall back to the militia second line. As the British came within range . . . Map (db m13065) HM
40South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Skirmishers Retreat, British Advance
After firing as ordered, the American skirmishers melted back to the second line of defense. Seeing this, the British troops moved forward at quickstep, raising a great shout as they advanced.Map (db m13028) HM
41South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Spirit up the People
"Sir-you are appointed to the command of a corps of Light Infantry, a detachment of Militia, and Lt. Col. Washington's Regiment of Light Dragoons...The object of this detachment is to give protection to that part of the country and spirit up . . . Map (db m13061) HM
42South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — 11-10 — Steen Family Cemetery
The family cemetery of Lt. Col. James Steen (d. 1781), S.C. militia officer during the American Revolution, is on his plantation nearby, along Thicketty Creek. Steen, who commanded units in several campaigns from 1775 to 1781, was killed in 1781 . . . Map (db m44670) HM
43South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Sword Clash on Green River Road
Nearby, retreating British officers of the 17th Light Dragoons, clashed with pursuing American horsemen led by Lt. Col. William Washington. He quickly outpaced his troops, broke his weapon at the hilt when he got into a sword fight with a British . . . Map (db m13025) HM
44South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The Battle of Cowpens
In the winter of 1780, General Daniel Morgan moved a veteran force of American Continentals and militia into the area west of the Broad River in modern-day Spartanburg and Cherokee Counties. To counter this threat, British Commander Lord Cornwallis . . . Map (db m108659) HM
45South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The Battle of Cowpens: Prelude to Victory
On this field on January 17, 1781, Daniel Morgan led his army to a brilliant victory over Banastre Tarleton's force of British regulars. One of only a few successful double envelopments in history, this battle is recognized by historians as one . . . Map (db m126715) HM
46South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The British Army
British commander, Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton, ordered a detachment of cavalry forward to scatter the American skirmishers. The green-uniformed British Legion - Americans loyal to the king - awaited the order to advance.Map (db m11357) HM
47South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The Cavalry (Dragoons) at Cowpens
The open forests proved well-suited for cavalry action. Fast-moving, hard-hitting mounted troops called Light Dragoons bolstered the 18th century infantry. At least seventy South Carolina and Georgia mounted militiamen, armed with pistols and . . . Map (db m13063) HM
48South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The Continental Army at Cowpens — Cowpens National Battlefield — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
This line consisted of Continentals from Maryland and Delaware as well as militia from Virginia and North Carolina. Seasoned veterans under Lt. Col. John Eager Howard of Maryland, they had served at least one year and were Morgan's most reliable . . . Map (db m13064) HM
49South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail
The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail preserves and commemorates the route of Patriot militia during the 1780 Kings Mountain campaign. During that historic event, on October 6, 1780, American forces stopped here at the Cow Pens to rest . . . Map (db m108660) HM
50South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail
The Revolution in the South After the war in the North came to a stalemate, British commanders decided take the war to the South where there was thought to be an abundance of Loyalist (Americans in favor of British rule) support. When the . . . Map (db m108661) HM
51South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The Reverend Thomas Curtis, D.D.
[East Face]: Erected to the Memory of The Reverend Thomas Curtis, D.D. by his affectionate and devoted pupils. [West Face]: He was born May 10, 1797 in the town of Wisbfach England. And was lost . . . Map (db m7281) HM
52South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The Robert Scruggs House
Robert Scruggs married Catherine Connell, and in 1828 his father, Richard Scruggs, gave them 200 acres of land. They had eleven children and added onto the house as the family grew. Life at the time was hard; yeomen farmers raised corn, . . . Map (db m126717) HM
53South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Towne Center
Towne Center This side indicates the center point for the second survey by the Town of Gaffney to expand its city limits to include all property within a one-mile radius of this location. The survey was conducted by R.O. Sams, February 27, 1890 . . . Map (db m44392) HM
54South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — U.S. Memorial Monument
This monument was dedicated in 1932 in recognition of all the men who fought at the Battle of Cowpens.Map (db m42716) HM
55South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Washington Light Infantry Monument
This Monument was erected by The Washington Light Infantry Of Charleston S.C. L.M. Hatch. Capt April. 1856 Cowpens Chapter D.A.R. 1936Map (db m13385) HM
56South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Washington Light Infantry Monument
The Washington Light Infantry of Charleston, South Carolina, erected this monument in 1856 near the final stages of the Battle of Cowpens to commemorate the important American victory here. Though the years have changed much of the monument's . . . Map (db m138554) HM
57South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Welcome to Cowpens National Battlefield — A Revolutionary War Site
This park commemorates a decisive battle that helped turn the tide of war in the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution.Map (db m42656) HM
58South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Welcome to Cowpens National Battlefield — A Revolutionary War Site
This park commemorates a decisive battle that helped turn the tide of war in the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution.Map (db m195609) HM
59South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — 11-5 — Whig Hill
This plantation, 1.5 mi. S. near Thicketty Creek, was settled about 1767 by John Nuckolls, Sr. (1732-1780), a native of Virginia. During the American Revolution, as the war in the backcountry became a vicious civil war, the plantation became . . . Map (db m39046) HM
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Jun. 26, 2022