“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Gallatin, Tennessee

Clickable Map of Sumner County, Tennessee and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Sumner County, TN (110) Davidson County, TN (936) Macon County, TN (48) Robertson County, TN (39) Trousdale County, TN (10) Wilson County, TN (67) Allen County, KY (17) Simpson County, KY (31)  SumnerCounty(110) Sumner County (110)  DavidsonCounty(936) Davidson County (936)  MaconCounty(48) Macon County (48)  RobertsonCounty(39) Robertson County (39)  TrousdaleCounty(10) Trousdale County (10)  WilsonCounty(67) Wilson County (67)  AllenCountyKentucky(17) Allen County (17)  SimpsonCounty(31) Simpson County (31)
Gallatin is the county seat for Sumner County
Gallatin is in Sumner County
      Sumner County (110)  
      Davidson County (936)  
      Macon County (48)  
      Robertson County (39)  
      Trousdale County (10)  
      Wilson County (67)  
      Allen County, Kentucky (17)  
      Simpson County, Kentucky (31)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Asher's Trace — Fairvue Plantation —
As part of the westward migration of settlers from Fort Nashborough, the Asher family blazed a trail from Bledsoe's Creek through the area now known as Fairvue Plantation and built a stockade called Asher's Station. Savage Indian attacks at the . . . Map (db m198951) HM
2Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 13B 50 — Big South Tunnel
On August 12, 1862, 2.7 miles north of here, Confederate General John Hunt Morgan and his raiders, aided by citizens of Gallatin, demolished the Big South Tunnel on the Louisville & Nashville Railroad by crashing a locomotive into a barrier of . . . Map (db m148022) HM
3Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Blacksmith Shop — Fairvue Plantation —
From 1882-1908, Fairvue Plantation was owned by Charles Reed who produced a long list of champion racehorses including Sir Francis, Mr. Pickwick, Rossifer and Yorkville Belle. He also purchased the most famous stallion of the time, St. Blaise, an . . . Map (db m198973) HM
4Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 62 — Cairo Rosenwald School1923-1959
Located 2.6 miles south of here is the Cairo Rosenwald School. Completed in 1923, it provided educational opportunities for African American children until 1959. Funding for the school's construction was provided by the African American community, . . . Map (db m178545) HM
5Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 80 — City Cemetery / Mexican War Monument
City Cemetery Located 0.2 miles south, the City Cemetery opened circa 1818 on land acquired from Felix Grundy, who later served as a United States senator from Tennessee. Within it stands one of only two Mexican War monuments in Tennessee. . . . Map (db m149358) HM
6Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Civil War in Sumner CountyLiving in Desperate Times
Bledsoe Creek State Park borders historic early settlements and houses including Bledsoe's Lick, Cragfont, Wynnewood, and the Avery Trace in what had been an Indian hunting ground. During the Civil War, this prosperous river and railroad hub . . . Map (db m180166) HM
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7Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Ellen Stokes More Wemyss1895-2001 — Fairvue Plantation —
“Miss Ellen”, gracious mistress of Fairvue Plantation, was a lifelong preservationist and leader in the restoration of historical homes in Tennessee. Under her stewardship, Fairvue mansion was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1977. She . . . Map (db m198969) HM
8Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Fairvue Mansion — Fairvue Plantation —
Built by Isaac Franklin in 1832, the mansion was considered to be the finest antebellum home in Tennessee. With identical facades facing east and west, the four over four room house has a central hall and double portico in the Ionic style. During . . . Map (db m198962) HM
9Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Fairvue Plantation
In the early part of the 19th century, Isaac Franklin purchased twelve tracts of adjoining land totaling more than 2000 acres. This land comprised the nucleus of Fairvue Plantation. In 1832, he built Fairvue Mansion, the most elegant antebellum home . . . Map (db m198946) HM
10Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 41, 176 — First Presbyterian ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
The oldest church building in Gallatin in continuous existence, this church was organized October 25, 1828. The building was erected in 1836-37 and is an example of early Greek Revival architecture. The sanctuary was used as a hospital for Federal . . . Map (db m121843) HM
11Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Gallatin Public SquareHeart of Federal Occupation
Early in 1861, Gallatin and Sumner County were divided over secession, but after the fall of Fort Sumter, residents voted almost ten to one in favor. Support of the Confederacy never wavered, as Capt. Benjamin S. Nicklin, 13th Battery, Indiana Light . . . Map (db m68408) HM
12Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Gallatin, Tennessee
By an act of the Tennessee General Assembly, Gallatin became the county seat of Sumner County on February 26, 1802, when commissioners sold the first town lots. Newly laid out, the town embraced 42 ½ acres. The site had been purchased from . . . Map (db m82971) HM
13Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 43 — General Griffith Rutherford1721-1805
General Griffith Rutherford, surveyor, North Carolina legislator, commander of Revolutionary War forces of Western North Carolina, and President of the Legislative Council of the Southwest Territory from 1794 to statehood, lived 3 miles south of . . . Map (db m180027) HM
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14Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Grasslands — Fairvue Plantation —
In 1929, a small group of affluent foxhunters and equine enthusiasts purchased six hundred and thirty four acres of land initiating the Southern Grassland Hunt and Racing Foundation in Gallatin, Tennessee. This opened the way for a racecourse . . . Map (db m198975) HM
15Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 44 — Howard Schools
On this site was the campus of Gallatin Female Academy, 1824-36, and Sumner Female Academy, 1837-56. It was leased by the Howard Lodge I. O. O. F. to Howard Female Institute, 1856-74; Neophogen College, 1874-78; and Howard Female College, 1878-1922. . . . Map (db m149936) HM
16Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 32 — Hugh Rogan
Two miles east is "Rogana.” the stone and brick house built in 1800 by Hugh Rogan (1747-1814). An Irish immigrant, Rogan came to Nashborough with the John Donelson party in 1780 and was a signer of the Cumberland Compact. Noted as a surveyor . . . Map (db m151860) HM
17Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — In Memory of all American VeteransPOW-MIA You Are Not Forgotten
This memorial honors all American veterans who, although separated by generations, shared a common undeniable goal - - to valiantly protect our country’s freedoms. The memories of these American veterans will continue to live on whenever and . . . Map (db m82972) WM
18Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Isaac Franklin1789-1846 — Fairvue Plantation —
Born in Sumner County, Franklin and his business partner John Armfield became wealthy by trading in slaves and cotton. In 1832, he built the mansion at Fairvue Plantation and in 1839 married Adelicia Hayes. They had four children; none survived to . . . Map (db m198974) HM
19Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — James B. Jameson House
Built c. 1844 by John Fonville for James B. Jameson has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m178551) HM
20Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Mare Barns — Fairvue Plantation —
The purpose of the mare barns was the birthing and nurturing of foals. Originally, the mare barns were fenced to protect the foals from the older horses. When horse racing enthusiast Charles Reed owned Fairvue 1882-1908, he built several mare barns . . . Map (db m198953) HM
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21Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Maywood
The National Register Tennessee Historical Commission Maywood 1838 of Historic PlacesMap (db m178510) HM
22Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Monument to the Fallen“Their Fame is All That Survives Them”
The Mexican War Instigated by the U.S. annexation of Texas and the dispute over its southern boundary, the Mexican War of 1846-1848 resulted in the cession of over 500,000 square miles of the territory then owned by Mexico west of Texas and . . . Map (db m85159) HM
23Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 67 — Peter Vertrees1840-1926
A prominent African-American soldier, minister, and educator, Peter Vertrees was born December 16, 1840, in Edmondson County, Kentucky, as Peter Skaggs. At age five he was apprenticed to Jacob Vertrees whose name he assumed. From 1861-1865, he was . . . Map (db m149937) HM
24Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 48 — Randy's Record Shop
Randy’s Record Shop (1946-1991) was the world’s largest mail-order record company. Founder Randy Wood began advertising his mail-order business in the late 40s on clear channel WLAC in Nashville, a broadcast that could be heard throughout most of . . . Map (db m68441) HM
25Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Rose MontTribute to Major George Blackmore
This monument marks Rose Mont and pays tribute to Major George Blackmore, father of Catherine Blackmore Guild, wife of Josephus Conn Guild, owner and builder of Rose Mont. Blackmore served in the Revolutionary War from 1777-1781. He came to . . . Map (db m68406) HM WM
26Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 75 — Rose Mont
Catherine Blackmore (1806-1888) and her husband Josephus Conn Guild (1802-1883) built Rose Mont circa 1842 here on their 500-acre plantation. Descendants occupied it until the City of Gallatin acquired the property in 1993. A grove of trees 150 . . . Map (db m68404) HM
27Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — RosemontThe Political War Within the War
Rosemont, a Greek Revival—style mansion completed in the 1840s, was the home of Judge Josephus Conn Guild, a state senator and representative who also served as a Lt. Colonel in the 2nd Tennessee Mounted Volunteers during the Seminole War. He . . . Map (db m68405) HM
28Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Sumner County Tennessee Mexican-American War Monument
This Monument Was erected by the liberality of the Citizens of the County of Sumner to the memory of her Patriotic Sons: who sacrificed their lives in the defense of the Flag of their country in the war with Mexico. In 1846. 1847 & 1848. . . . Map (db m85162) WM
29Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 68 — Tennessee's First African-American Civil War Volunteers1863
Among the first ex-slaves in the Union Army were 200 local volunteers who enlisted here on the Public Square in July, 1863. They became a part of the Thirteenth United States Colored Infantry at Nashville. Two months later the army recruited . . . Map (db m68440) HM
30Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — The Clark HouseSumner County Courthouse
This is the home of four brothers who served in the Confederate army, as did many of Sumner County’s young men. Their father, William F. Clark, a Protestant minister, died in 1847 at the age of forty-one, leaving his wife, Emma Douglass Clark, to . . . Map (db m82973) WM
31Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 71 — Town of Cairo
In 1799 James Winchester and William Cage, Jr. purchased 150 acres on the banks of the Cumberland River and here founded the town of Cairo. Four principal streets were laid out. Lots were sold between 1800 and 1820. The County Court met at Cairo . . . Map (db m178549) HM
32Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Trousdale PlaceElder Statesman's Home
This was the home of William Trousdale (1790-1872), governor of Tennessee (1849-1851) and U.S. minister to Brazil (1853-1857). During the Union army’s occupation of Gallatin from 1862 to 1870, its commanders regarded former governor Trousdale as the . . . Map (db m68416) HM
33Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 35 — Trousdale Place
Built by John Bowen prior to 1820 and purchased in 1822 by William Trousdale, Governor of Tennessee, 1849-1851. He fought in the War of 1812, and the Creek, Seminole, and Mexican Wars, and was brevetted brigadier-general by President Polk in 1848. . . . Map (db m68415) HM
34Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 73 — Union High School1922-1970
Completed in 1922 on East Winchester Street, Union High School was Sumner County's first and only secondary school for African-American youth. The African-American community, public, and Rosenwald Funds provided funding for construction. The first . . . Map (db m151861) HM
35Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Volunteer State Community College
With the opening of Volunteer State Community College in September 1971, Gallatin's dream of a strong institution of higher education was realized. Acting on the recommendation of Education Commissioner J.H. Warf and Governor Buford Ellington, the . . . Map (db m149942) HM
36Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — Williamson and Adams Carriage Factory
The National Register Tennessee Historical Commission of Historic PlacesMap (db m178540) HM
37Tennessee (Sumner County), Gallatin — 3B 33 — Ziegler's Station
This station was built in 1790 near Bledsoe Creek by Joseph Ziegler to protect early settlers. In 1791, it was attacked by a war party of Creek, Cherokee, and Chickamauga Indians, killing ten persons and taking eighteen prisoners. A forced march was . . . Map (db m82974) HM WM
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Nov. 27, 2022