“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Grand Portage, Minnesota

Clickable Map of Cook County, Minnesota and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Cook County, MN (37) Lake County, MN (61) Keweenaw County, MI (38) Ontonagon County, MI (2) Ashland County, WI (20)  CookCounty(37) Cook County (37)  LakeCounty(61) Lake County (61)  KeweenawCountyMichigan(38) Keweenaw County (38)  OntonagonCounty(2) Ontonagon County (2)  AshlandCountyWisconsin(20) Ashland County (20)
Grand Marais is the county seat for Cook County
Grand Portage is in Cook County
      Cook County (37)  
      Lake County (61)  
      Keweenaw County, Michigan (38)  
      Ontonagon County, Michigan (2)  
      Ashland County, Wisconsin (20)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Minnesota, Cook County, Grand Portage — A Warehouse for Furs, Trade Goods, and Now—Canoes
In the 1960s, archeologists discovered here remains of a structure used between 1785 and 1802, unusual because it was built on posts. They found artifacts that match the bills of lading from bales, kegs, and cassettes (small trunks) that were canoed . . . Map (db m152972) HM
2 Minnesota, Cook County, Grand Portage — Guard the Gate
The Gates are shut always after sunset and... there are two Sentries keeping a look out all night chiefly for fear of accident by fire. John Macdonell, Grand Portage, 1793 This gatehouse was not intended to . . . Map (db m152975) HM
3 Minnesota, Cook County, Grand Portage — Minnesota's Northern Border / Welcome to Minnesota
Minnesota's Northern Border Determining, surveying, and marking Minnesota’s border with Canada took 142 years and left the state with a tag end called the Northwest Angle standing isolated and alone on the Canadian side of Lake of the . . . Map (db m206879) HM
4 Minnesota, Cook County, Grand Portage — Naming This Place
The Grand Portage, or "the great carrying place, Gichi Onigamiing, has been a meeting point for centuries: it was part of an extensive Native American trading network well before the first French trader arrived in 1731. Though the French formally . . . Map (db m152968) HM
5 Minnesota, Cook County, Grand Portage — North West Company Depot
"All the buildings within the Fort are sixteen in number...Six of these buildings are Store Houses for the company's Merchandise and Furs, etc., the rest are dwelling houses shops compting and Mess House..." John Macdonell 1793 "June . . . Map (db m153048) HM
6 Minnesota, Cook County, Grand Portage — North West Company Fur Press
The lever fur press, much like the reconstructed model before you, was frequently used at fur trading posts operated by the North West Company. It was simple to operate and could be constructed from wood found near the post. Fur pelts, with . . . Map (db m153042) HM
7 Minnesota, Cook County, Grand Portage — The Birchbark Canoe
American Indians developed the birchbark canoe hundreds or thousands of years ago. It would provide the technology that allowed the North West Company to span the continent. "Canots du Nord" The 24-foot north canoes could be portaged . . . Map (db m153049) HM
8 Minnesota, Cook County, Grand Portage — The Grand Portage
The Grand Portage, or Great Carrying Place, was a key 18th century link between the Pigeon River and Lake Superior, making it also a vital connection between Montreal and the rich fur-bearing lands far to the northwest. Traveled for centuries before . . . Map (db m62049) HM
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9 Minnesota, Cook County, Grand Portage — The North West Company
Inside the Historic Depot in front of you are three of the sixteen buildings that once comprised the summertime headquarters of the North West Company. The depot was not a fort but instead a secure transshipment point for valuable furs and trade . . . Map (db m152973) HM
10 Minnesota, Cook County, Grand Portage — Voyageurs at Grand Portage
Montreal canoemen were hired to paddle to Grand Portage. Once there, each man had to carry several 90-pounds (41-kg) bundles of trade goods and supplies up the Grand Portage to Fort Charlotte, where the bundles were repacked for canoe brigades . . . Map (db m153054) HM
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Jun. 12, 2024