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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Hampton Roads, Virginia
Location of Hampton Roads
► Hampton (214) ► Newport News (255) ► Norfolk (111) ► Northampton County (52) ► Poquoson (14) ► Portsmouth (103) ► Virginia Beach (167) ► York County (169)
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|This is the site of the first land battle of the Civil War in present-day Virginia. During the spring of 1861, Federal officials took steps to secure Fort Monroe, which occupied a strategically vital position at the mouths of the Chesapeake Bay and . . . — — Map (db m66886) HM|
|Unlike at Fort Sumter in South Carolina, the U.S. Army held Fort Monroe and its environs too strongly for Confederate forces to overcome. Instead, the Confederates concentrated on attempting to control Hampton Roads and protect Norfolk, the major . . . — — Map (db m103829) HM|
|Confederate Col. John Bankhead Magruder (1807-1871) graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1830. He served in e Second Sem inole War 1835-1842) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), and commanded an artillery battery in . . . — — Map (db m103830) HM|
|“As a political question and a question of humanity can I receive the services of father and mother and not take the children? Of the humanitarian aspect I have no doubt; of the political one I have no right to judge.”—Gen. . . . — — Map (db m103831) HM|
| In the spring of 1862, Union Gen. George B. McClellan led his 100,000-man Army of the Potomac west from Hampton past Big Bethel in a campaign to capture Richmond. The battlefield of June 9, 1861, soon faded into obscurity.
Little remains of the . . . — — Map (db m103832) HM|
|During the Federal attack, the first Confederate enlisted man who died in combat during the Civil War was killed here.
Union Gen. Ebenezer W. Pierce began his assault at about 9 A.M. on June 10, 1861. Capt. H. Judson Kilpatrick led the 5th New . . . — — Map (db m103833) HM|
|The Battle of Big Bethel was, for most of the participants, their first experience with warfare. Officers and enlisted men on both sides often wrote of details that in fights to come would not merit a mention.
Union Gen. Ebenezer W. Pierce, the . . . — — Map (db m103834) HM|
|As the Confederates here tried to burn the Zouaves out of the buildings that stood in front of you, the last act of the battle unfolded to your left across the creek. The "New England Battalion” (1st Vermont, 4th Massachusetts, and 7th New . . . — — Map (db m103835) HM|
|Although Confederate Col. John B. Magruder and his forces won the Battle of Big Bethel, they could not stem the Federal tide for long. On June 15, 1861, within a week of the battle, a huge Sawyer rifled cannon mounted at Fort Calhoun (Fort Wool) on . . . — — Map (db m103837) HM|
|On June 10, 1861, Confederate forces under Colonel John Bankhead Magruder engaged numerically superior Federal forces under Brigadier General Ebenzer W. Pierce in what is recognized as the first planned land engagement of the Civil War.
After a . . . — — Map (db m161318) HM|
|For the Federals, the Big Bethel expedition ended in complete failure. Casualties totaled 76: 18 killed, 53 wounded, and 5 missing. The Northern press blamed Gen. Benjamin F. Butler for ordering his troops into battle with poor preparation and for . . . — — Map (db m161320) HM|
|Dedicated on the
Battle of Big Bethel
Union regiments engaged:
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th (Duryee Zouaves)
& 7th New York
4th Mass. & 1st Vermont
2nd U.S. Artillery
18 killed, 53 wounded, 5 MIA
To . . . — — Map (db m66887) WM|
|One mile north is Chesterville, birthplace of George Wythe (1726-1806), a prominent Virginia attorney, judge, legislator, and signer of the Declaration of Independence. Wythe inherited the family plantation in the 1750s and operated it until the . . . — — Map (db m73768) HM|