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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Hampton Roads, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Hampton, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Hampton Ind. City, VA (214) Newport News Ind. City, VA (255) Norfolk Ind. City, VA (111) Northampton County, VA (52) Poquoson Ind. City, VA (14) Portsmouth Ind. City, VA (103) Virginia Beach Ind. City, VA (167) York County, VA (169)  Hampton(214) Hampton (214)  NewportNews(255) Newport News (255)  Norfolk(111) Norfolk (111)  NorthamptonCounty(52) Northampton County (52)  Poquoson(14) Poquoson (14)  Portsmouth(103) Portsmouth (103)  VirginiaBeach(167) Virginia Beach (167)  YorkCounty(169) York County (169)
Location of Hampton Roads
    Hampton (214)
    Newport News (255)
    Norfolk (111)
    Northampton County (52)
    Poquoson (14)
    Portsmouth (103)
    Virginia Beach (167)
    York County (169)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — 1 — Battle of Big BethelProtecting the Peninsula
This is the site of the first land battle of the Civil War in present-day Virginia. During the spring of 1861, Federal officials took steps to secure Fort Monroe, which occupied a strategically vital position at the mouths of the Chesapeake Bay and . . . Map (db m66886) HM
2Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — 2 — Battle of Big BethelHampton Roads in 1861
Unlike at Fort Sumter in South Carolina, the U.S. Army held Fort Monroe and its environs too strongly for Confederate forces to overcome. Instead, the Confederates concentrated on attempting to control Hampton Roads and protect Norfolk, the major . . . Map (db m103829) HM
3Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — 3 — Battle of Big BethelCommanding Officers
Confederate Col. John Bankhead Magruder (1807-1871) graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1830. He served in e Second Sem inole War 1835-1842) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), and commanded an artillery battery in . . . Map (db m103830) HM
4Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — 4 — Battle of Big BethelFirst Steps to Freedom
“As a political question and a question of humanity can I receive the services of father and mother and not take the children? Of the humanitarian aspect I have no doubt; of the political one I have no right to judge.”—Gen. . . . Map (db m103831) HM
5Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — 5 — Battle of Big BethelChanging Landscape
In the spring of 1862, Union Gen. George B. McClellan led his 100,000-man Army of the Potomac west from Hampton past Big Bethel in a campaign to capture Richmond. The battlefield of June 9, 1861, soon faded into obscurity. Little remains of the . . . Map (db m103832) HM
6Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — 6 — Battle of Big BethelThe Federal Attack
During the Federal attack, the first Confederate enlisted man who died in combat during the Civil War was killed here. Union Gen. Ebenezer W. Pierce began his assault at about 9 A.M. on June 10, 1861. Capt. H. Judson Kilpatrick led the 5th New . . . Map (db m103833) HM
7Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — 7 — Battle of Big BethelCombatants’ Stories
The Battle of Big Bethel was, for most of the participants, their first experience with warfare. Officers and enlisted men on both sides often wrote of details that in fights to come would not merit a mention. Union Gen. Ebenezer W. Pierce, the . . . Map (db m103834) HM
8Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — 8 — Battle of Big BethelConfederate Victory
As the Confederates here tried to burn the Zouaves out of the buildings that stood in front of you, the last act of the battle unfolded to your left across the creek. The "New England Battalion” (1st Vermont, 4th Massachusetts, and 7th New . . . Map (db m103835) HM
9Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — 10 — Battle of Big BethelLong-Term Consequences
Although Confederate Col. John B. Magruder and his forces won the Battle of Big Bethel, they could not stem the Federal tide for long. On June 15, 1861, within a week of the battle, a huge Sawyer rifled cannon mounted at Fort Calhoun (Fort Wool) on . . . Map (db m103837) HM
10Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — Battle of Big Bethel
On June 10, 1861, Confederate forces under Colonel John Bankhead Magruder engaged numerically superior Federal forces under Brigadier General Ebenzer W. Pierce in what is recognized as the first planned land engagement of the Civil War. After a . . . Map (db m161318) HM
11Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — 9 — Battle of Big BethelAftermath
For the Federals, the Big Bethel expedition ended in complete failure. Casualties totaled 76: 18 killed, 53 wounded, and 5 missing. The Northern press blamed Gen. Benjamin F. Butler for ordering his troops into battle with poor preparation and for . . . Map (db m161320) HM
12Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — Battle of Big Bethel Union Monument
Dedicated on the 150th anniversary Battle of Big Bethel Union regiments engaged: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th (Duryee Zouaves) & 7th New York 4th Mass. & 1st Vermont 2nd U.S. Artillery Union losses: 18 killed, 53 wounded, 5 MIA To . . . Map (db m66887) WM
13Virginia (Hampton), Hampton Roads — WY-100 — Chesterville Plantation
One mile north is Chesterville, birthplace of George Wythe (1726-1806), a prominent Virginia attorney, judge, legislator, and signer of the Declaration of Independence. Wythe inherited the family plantation in the 1750s and operated it until the . . . Map (db m73768) HM
 
Apr. 16, 2021