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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Hampton, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Hampton, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Hampton Ind. City, VA (216) Newport News Ind. City, VA (255) Norfolk Ind. City, VA (109) Northampton County, VA (52) Poquoson Ind. City, VA (14) Portsmouth Ind. City, VA (103) Virginia Beach Ind. City, VA (167) York County, VA (169)  Hampton(216) Hampton (216)  NewportNews(255) Newport News (255)  Norfolk(109) Norfolk (109)  NorthamptonCounty(52) Northampton County (52)  Poquoson(14) Poquoson (14)  Portsmouth(103) Portsmouth (103)  VirginiaBeach(167) Virginia Beach (167)  YorkCounty(169) York County (169)
Location of Hampton
    Hampton (216)
    Newport News (255)
    Norfolk (109)
    Northampton County (52)
    Poquoson (14)
    Portsmouth (103)
    Virginia Beach (167)
    York County (169)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Virginia, Hampton — "Ruth Window" — Chevers Chapel
Dedicated in honor of Army wivesMap (db m166581) WM
2Virginia, Hampton — "The Springe of Sweete Water"
"The springe of sweete water", near the northern creek approach to the church, was a popular gathering place before and after divine services.Map (db m166552) HM
3Virginia, Hampton — Lantaka
Captured by U.S. forces during the Philippine Insurrection,   c. 1900.Map (db m85984) WM
4Virginia, Hampton — 12-Pounder Gun-Howitzer — Model 1857
. . . Map (db m42458) HM
5Virginia, Hampton — 12-Pounder Howitzer — Model 1841
Bronze field piece Made for Confederates in 1862 by Tredegar Foundry, Richmond Smoothbore Diameter of bore     4.62 inches Overall length     58.6 inches Range     1072 yards (0.5 miles)Map (db m42457) HM
6Virginia, Hampton — 12-Pounder Howitzer
Fired a 12-pound cannonball. Probably captured during the Philippine Insurection,   c. 1900.Map (db m42472) HM
7Virginia, Hampton — 14 – Pounder James Rifle
Bronze field gun Made in 1862 for Union Forces by Ames Mfg. Company Chicopee, Massachusetts Diameter of Bore     4.125 inches Overall Length         73 inches Weight                   912 poundsMap (db m42463) HM
8Virginia, Hampton — 3 – Inch Ordnance Rifle — Model 1861
. . . Map (db m42470) HM
9Virginia, Hampton — A Bay Worth Preserving — Fort Monroe
Approximately 200 miles long, with a surface area of 4,479 square miles, the Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States—and the third largest in the world. It is known for its beauty as well as its bounty, and supports more . . . Map (db m166615) HM
10Virginia, Hampton — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . Map (db m130061) HM
11Virginia, Hampton — A National Cemetery System — Hampton National Cemetery
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . Map (db m167927) HM
12Virginia, Hampton — 018 — A-2 Polaris — Navy • SLBM — Air Power Park Tour —
Polaris was a deterrent and retaliatory missile specifically designed for launch from a ballistic missile submarine while submerged (or surfaced) to strike a target some 1,500 miles away. A typical submarine carried 16 of these missiles which . . . Map (db m103955) HM
13Virginia, Hampton — 004 — A-7E Corsair II — BuNo.157606 • Navy • Attack — Air Power Park Tour —
The A-7E Corsair II was first flown by on November 25, 1969, after the Navy decided that the A7-A & B needed more power and improved avionics. The A-7E was powered by a naval version of the 15,000 lbs Allison/Rolls-Royce TF41-A-2 turbofan . . . Map (db m103948) HM
14Virginia, Hampton — Aberdeen Elementary School — "Education was not an option" — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
A part of the original Aberdeen Gardens, Aberdeen Elementary School was opened in 1938. It quickly filled not only the role of educating students but also that of a community center, being used as a meeting place and social hall. There were . . . Map (db m166465) HM
15Virginia, Hampton — W-95 — Aberdeen Gardens
Built "by Negroes for Negroes," Aberdeen Gardens began in 1934 as the model resettlement community for Negro families. It was the only such community in the United States designed by a Negro architect (Hilyard R. Robinson) and built by Negro . . . Map (db m41237) HM
16Virginia, Hampton — WY-102 — Admiral Sir George Cockburn on the Chesapeake / The War of 1812
Admiral Sir George Cockburn on the Chesapeake During the War of 1812, a British naval squadron arrived in Hampton Roads on 4 February 1813 to establish a naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay. Later commanded by Adm. Sir George Cockburn, . . . Map (db m76819) HM
17Virginia, Hampton — Ajax — Upper Stage • Army • SAM — Air Power Park Tour —
Beginning from the early 1950’s into the 1960’s, during the Cold War era, concerns created the need for basing surface-to-air missiles near U.S. military installations. Built for the U.S. Army by Western Electric and initially deployed in . . . Map (db m103957) HM
18Virginia, Hampton — An Enduring Legacy? — Fort Monroe
This memorial to Jefferson Davis, for some, conjures up a sense of heritage and history. For others, it is a symbol of hate and highlights the intent to exclude African Americans from public life and civil liberties. This memorial was placed here . . . Map (db m166582) HM
19Virginia, Hampton — Austrian 6-Pounder Gun
Bronze field piece Diameter of bore       3.74 inches Overall length       63 inches Made in Vienna in 1812Map (db m42461) HM
20Virginia, Hampton — Austrian 6-Pounder Gun
Bronze field piece purchased by Confederates abroad Originally rifled; Converted to smoothbore Diameter of bore     3.74 inches Overall length   62 inches Made in Vienna in 1857Map (db m42464) HM
21Virginia, Hampton — Battery Irwin — Fort Monroe
The Battery was a light, rapid-fire battery with four 3-inch, 15-pounder guns was designed to defend Fort Monroe's controlled mine fields and against fast moving torpedo boats. The Battery was built from early spring 1900 to 1901; the guns were . . . Map (db m166642) HM
22Virginia, Hampton — Battery Parrott — Fort Monroe
Battery Parrott was a relatively-modern Endicott emplacement designed to defend Hampton Roads from attacking battleships. The Battery was constructed between 1902 and 1904, while its guns were mounted in 1905. The Battery was transferred to the . . . Map (db m166641) HM
23Virginia, Hampton — W-66 — Battle of Big Bethel
On 10 June 1861, the first land battle of the Civil War in present-day Virginia took place here at Big Bethel Church. Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, commanding at Fort Monroe, sent converging columns at night from Hampton and Newport News for a dawn . . . Map (db m29142) HM
24Virginia, Hampton — 1 — Battle of Big Bethel — Protecting the Peninsula
This is the site of the first land battle of the Civil War in present-day Virginia. During the spring of 1861, Federal officials took steps to secure Fort Monroe, which occupied a strategically vital position at the mouths of the Chesapeake Bay and . . . Map (db m66886) HM
25Virginia, Hampton — 2 — Battle of Big Bethel — Hampton Roads in 1861
Unlike at Fort Sumter in South Carolina, the U.S. Army held Fort Monroe and its environs too strongly for Confederate forces to overcome. Instead, the Confederates concentrated on attempting to control Hampton Roads and protect Norfolk, the major . . . Map (db m103829) HM
26Virginia, Hampton — 4 — Battle of Big Bethel — First Steps to Freedom
“As a political question and a question of humanity can I receive the services of father and mother and not take the children? Of the humanitarian aspect I have no doubt; of the political one I have no right to judge.”—Gen. . . . Map (db m103831) HM
27Virginia, Hampton — 5 — Battle of Big Bethel — Changing Landscape
In the spring of 1862, Union Gen. George B. McClellan led his 100,000-man Army of the Potomac west from Hampton past Big Bethel in a campaign to capture Richmond. The battlefield of June 9, 1861, soon faded into obscurity. Little remains of the . . . Map (db m103832) HM
28Virginia, Hampton — 6 — Battle of Big Bethel — The Federal Attack
During the Federal attack, the first Confederate enlisted man who died in combat during the Civil War was killed here. Union Gen. Ebenezer W. Pierce began his assault at about 9 A.M. on June 10, 1861. Capt. H. Judson Kilpatrick led the 5th New . . . Map (db m103833) HM
29Virginia, Hampton — 7 — Battle of Big Bethel — Combatants’ Stories
The Battle of Big Bethel was, for most of the participants, their first experience with warfare. Officers and enlisted men on both sides often wrote of details that in fights to come would not merit a mention. Union Gen. Ebenezer W. Pierce, the . . . Map (db m103834) HM
30Virginia, Hampton — 8 — Battle of Big Bethel — Confederate Victory
As the Confederates here tried to burn the Zouaves out of the buildings that stood in front of you, the last act of the battle unfolded to your left across the creek. The "New England Battalion” (1st Vermont, 4th Massachusetts, and 7th New . . . Map (db m103835) HM
31Virginia, Hampton — 10 — Battle of Big Bethel — Long-Term Consequences
Although Confederate Col. John B. Magruder and his forces won the Battle of Big Bethel, they could not stem the Federal tide for long. On June 15, 1861, within a week of the battle, a huge Sawyer rifled cannon mounted at Fort Calhoun (Fort Wool) on . . . Map (db m103837) HM
32Virginia, Hampton — Battle of Big Bethel
On June 10, 1861, Confederate forces under Colonel John Bankhead Magruder engaged numerically superior Federal forces under Brigadier General Ebenzer W. Pierce in what is recognized as the first planned land engagement of the Civil War. After a . . . Map (db m161318) HM
33Virginia, Hampton — 9 — Battle of Big Bethel — Aftermath
For the Federals, the Big Bethel expedition ended in complete failure. Casualties totaled 76: 18 killed, 53 wounded, and 5 missing. The Northern press blamed Gen. Benjamin F. Butler for ordering his troops into battle with poor preparation and for . . . Map (db m161320) HM
34Virginia, Hampton — 3 — Battle of Big Bethel — Commanding Officers
Confederate Col. John Bankhead Magruder (1807-1871) graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1830. He served in the Second Seminole War 1835-1842) and the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), and commanded an artillery battery in . . . Map (db m171305) HM
35Virginia, Hampton — Battle of Big Bethel Union Monument
Dedicated on the 150th anniversary Battle of Big Bethel Union regiments engaged: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th (Duryee Zouaves) & 7th New York 4th Mass. & 1st Vermont 2nd U.S. Artillery Union losses: 18 killed, 53 wounded, 5 MIA To . . . Map (db m66887) WM
36Virginia, Hampton — Bay Shore Beach & Resort — Early Vacation Spot for Blacks in the South
This is the site of a popular alternative to Buckroe Beach, which had opened as a whites-only facility in the 1880s. Desiring to have a vacation resort by the sea for their own people, a group of African American leaders in Hampton formed the Bay . . . Map (db m131730) HM
37Virginia, Hampton — W 107 — Bay Shore Hotel
A group of prominent local African Americans formed the Bay Shore Hotel Company, purchased land here, and in 1898 opened a resort for black travelers. Ravaged by an Aug. 1933 hurricane, the resort was rebuilt and operated until the 1970s. . . . Map (db m129839) HM
38Virginia, Hampton — Black Business — Creating successful lives in the midst of segregation — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
Following Reconstruction, black entrepreneurs established thriving downtown businesses. Bankers, merchants, lawyers and doctors provided almost any product or service needed by residents of the village, black or white. These businesses also . . . Map (db m166506) HM
39Virginia, Hampton — WY-104 — British Approach to Hampton / The War of 1812
British Approach to Hampton Following the British defeat at Craney Island on 22 June 1813, Adm. Sir John B. Warren sought revenge and ordered Adm. Sir George Cockburn and Gen. Sir Sidney Beckwith to attack Hampton. This port town was . . . Map (db m76815) HM
40Virginia, Hampton — WY-92 — Buckroe
In 1620, Frenchmen sent over to plant mulberry trees and grape vines settled here. The name was taken from a place in England.Map (db m33821) HM
41Virginia, Hampton — WY-1 — Bunch of Grapes Tavern
The Bunch of Grapes Tavern stood here during Hampton's heyday as a busy colonial seaport in the 1700s. The tavern, one of three then, served as an inn and meeting place for sea captains, planter and agents from the nearby customhouse where . . . Map (db m33827) HM
42Virginia, Hampton — Camp Hamilton — On Sacred Soil
Here stood the U.S. Army’s first camp on Virginia soil after secession, built in May 1861. Only the Veteran’s Cemetery on County Street remains of this entrenched camp. The influx of soldiers at Fort Monroe prompted the commander, Lt. Col. Justin . . . Map (db m10479) HM
43Virginia, Hampton — WY-91 — Camp Hamilton
In this vicinity was situated Camp Hamilton. A large camp of Union troops first occupied in May, 1861. A great military hospital, Hampton Hospital was here.Map (db m59625) HM
44Virginia, Hampton — WY-100 — Chesterville Plantation
One mile north is Chesterville, birthplace of George Wythe (1726-1806), a prominent Virginia attorney, judge, legislator, and signer of the Declaration of Independence. Wythe inherited the family plantation in the 1750s and operated it until the . . . Map (db m73768) HM
45Virginia, Hampton — Circle of Life — Cradle to Grave Experience — Old North Hampton —
Old North Hampton life began with birth at the hands of midwives, including Nettie Washington and Rosa Callis Brown. Mrs. Brown lived at 868 North King Street (now 916 Quash Street). Children attended nursery schools run by concerned mentors, such . . . Map (db m151395) HM
46Virginia, Hampton — Community Crossroads — The Heart of the Neighborhood — Old North Hampton —
The intersection of Quash (then known as North King Street) and Rip Rap Road pulsed with activity and was the centerpiece of the Old North Hampton community. On this corner Solomon Chandler built a grocery store in 1924. At the time there were no . . . Map (db m151390) HM
47Virginia, Hampton — W-92 — Confinement of Jefferson Davis
In this casemate Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, was confined, May 22-October 2, 1865. As his health suffered in the casemate, he was removed to Carroll Hall in the fortress, where he remained from October, 1865, until May, . . . Map (db m10144) HM
48Virginia, Hampton — Contraband Hospital — Site of Contraband Hospital — Fort Monroe —
The "Contraband" Hospital at Fort Monroe was constructed in 1863 on Ingalls Road to treat the wounded and sick former enslaved men, women and children. Harriet Tubman would serve here as a nurse and cook for several months.Map (db m166645) HM
49Virginia, Hampton — Contraband Quarters — Site of Contraband Quarters — Fort Monroe —
Following the "Contraband Decision" of 1861, tens of thousands of enslaved men, women, and children fled to Fort Monroe seeking freedom leading to the creation of several "contraband" camps in the surrounding area. The corner of Ingalls and . . . Map (db m166644) HM
50Virginia, Hampton — Crabtown — Seafood — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
Welcome to Crabtown. Although all sorts of seafood were harvested and purveyed, "Crabtown" was the unofficial name by which many lovers of the "beautiful swimmer," the Chesapeake Bay bluecrab, have known Hampton for more than a . . . Map (db m166499) HM
51Virginia, Hampton — WY 98 — Deaf and Blind School
In 1906, the Virginia General Assembly authorized the Virginia School for Colored Deaf and Blind Children. Founded by deaf humanitarian William C. Ritter and Hampton Delegate Harry R. Houston, the school opened on 8 Sept. 1909 to serve . . . Map (db m129908) HM
52Virginia, Hampton — Digging Up The Past — Fort Monroe
In the summer of 2018, archaeologists excavated the area around this building. They uncovered masonry foundations and other structural elements of the 19th-century Head Engineer Quarters as well as a connected outbuilding. The quarters were . . . Map (db m166635) HM
53Virginia, Hampton — Edward Braddock
(front) Near this monument disembarked on February 19, 1755 Edward Braddock Major General and Commander-in-Chief of all the British forces in America. His coming marked the beginning of an important stage in the war which . . . Map (db m33892) HM
54Virginia, Hampton — Eighteenth-Century Hampton — Virginia’s Most Important Town
Hampton entered its second century as Virginia’s most important town. With merchant ships calling at its docks, paying customs duties and taking on hogsheads of tobacco, the growing village bustled with activity. Crews and ship captains, dockworkers . . . Map (db m76810) HM
55Virginia, Hampton — Elizabeth City Parish
First visited by Englishmen May 10, 1607. Fortified at Old Point by Captain George Percy, October, 1609. Settled by Lord De La Warr, July, 1610; Reinforced by Sir Thomas Dale, May, 1611; The Rev. William Mease being the first minister. . . . Map (db m33862) HM
56Virginia, Hampton — Emancipation Oak — “Thirst for Knowledge”
Here, under an oak tree, newly freed African American students listened in January 1863 as the Emancipation Proclamation was read aloud. Union Gen. Benjamin F. Butler’s “contraband of war” decision at Fort Monroe in 1861 anticipated . . . Map (db m33817) HM
57Virginia, Hampton — W-98 — Emancipation Oak
To the west, on the grounds of Hampton University, stands the Emancipation Oak. Under its sheltering limbs, protected and encouraged by the occupying Union army and prominent local church leaders, Mary Smith Kelsey Peake (1823- 22 Feb. 1862) taught . . . Map (db m73795) HM
58Virginia, Hampton — Emancipation Oak — "Thirst for knowledge"
Here, under an oak tree, newly freed African American students listened in January 1863 as the Emancipation Proclamation was read aloud. Union Gen. Benjamin Butler's "contraband of war" decision at Fort Monroe in 1861 anticipated that day, . . . Map (db m166561) HM
59Virginia, Hampton — Engineer Wharf
Built by the Corps of Engineers about 1818, this was for many years a very important wharf. Jefferson Davis was landed here as a prisoner on May 22, 1865.Map (db m103842) HM
60Virginia, Hampton — Enormous Undertaking: The Fort's Construction — Fort Monroe
During the War of 1812, British soldiers burned Hampton and occupied the Old Point Comfort Lighthouse. The British Navy sailed unopposed all the way up the Chesapeake Bay to Fort McHenry in Baltimore, burning Washington, DC, along the way. After . . . Map (db m166593) HM
61Virginia, Hampton — Eprouvette Mortar
Not a weapon; Used for testing powder Iron smoothbore Diameter of bore       5.655 inches Cast with bed-piece to give an elevation of 45 degrees Made in 1858 Initials of inspector on muzzle Peter V. HagnerMap (db m42468) HM
62Virginia, Hampton — F.W. Woolworth Co. Building
In 1960, this building was the F.W. Woolworth Co.’s 5 & 10 cent store and had a "whites only" lunch counter. On February 10, 1960, African-American college students from Hampton Institute sad at the lunch counter in an act of civil disobedience. . . . Map (db m166526) HM
63Virginia, Hampton — 007 — F-101F Voodoo — No.56-0246 • USAF • Fighter — Air Power Park Tour —
Designed as a penetrator and long-range escort fighter, the F-101 Voodoo first appeared in 1954. The design was based on the earlier prototype XF-88, and no actual prototype F-101 was built. Later versions were used as long-range interceptors . . . Map (db m103949) HM
64Virginia, Hampton — 011 — F-105D Thunderchief — No.61-0073 • USAF • Fighter — Air Power Park Tour —
The F-105 Thunderchief was the last airplane produced by Republic Aviation before it became part of Fairchild Hiller. The Thunder chief was originally a private-venture study as a follow-on to the F-84F. Intended as a fighter bomber, . . . Map (db m103952) HM
65Virginia, Hampton — 008 — F-89J Scorpion — No.52-2129 • USAF • Fighter — Air Power Park Tour —
First proposed in December of 1945, the F-89 Scorpion was designed as a replacement for the P-61 Black Widow. The first flight was on August 16, 1948. A novel design of the aircraft was the use of “decelerons,” split . . . Map (db m103950) HM
66Virginia, Hampton — Fertile Hunting Grounds For The Indians — Olde Wythe’s History Begins
Long before citizens of Hampton ever called Olde Wythe home, this area was used by the Kecoughtan Indians for hunting, fishing, and growing crops. The Kecoughtans were part of a loose confederation of the Algonquin whose chieftain was Powhatan. The . . . Map (db m33932) HM
67Virginia, Hampton — W-96 — First Africans in Virginia
The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived in August 1619 when a Dutch man-of-war landed here at Point Comfort. The Dutch captured the “twenty and odd” Africans from the Spanish, who had enslaved them, and traded them to the . . . Map (db m73826) HM
68Virginia, Hampton — W-96 — First Africans in Virginia
The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived here in Aug. 1619 on the White Lion, an English privateer based in the Netherlands. Colonial officials traded food for these “20 and odd” Africans, who had been captured from a . . . Map (db m129864) HM
69Virginia, Hampton — First Baptist Church — First Independent Black Congregation in Hampton — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
Before the Civil War, Southern churches were internally segregated, and African Americans worshiped from balconies. Blacks were not permitted to have their own places of worship in many areas. This changed dramatically during and after the war, . . . Map (db m166511) HM
70Virginia, Hampton — W-84 — First Battle of Ironclads
In Hampton Roads, southward and a mile or two offshore, the Virginia (Merrimac) and the Monitor fought their engagement, March 9, 1862. The day before the Virginia destroyed the Cumberland and Congress, wooden ships of Union Navy.Map (db m10139) HM
71Virginia, Hampton — WY-90 — First Church at Kecoughtan
Near here on the church creek stood the first church at Kecoughtan (later Hampton). Built on the Parish Glebe Farm about 1616, as the first church of the oldest continuous settlement of English origin in America, William Mease was the first known . . . Map (db m33903) HM
72Virginia, Hampton — First Church at Kecoughtan
Here stood the first known church at Kecoughtan erected 1624. Jonas Stockton, Minister. William Guantlett, Edward Waters, Church Wardens. Ministers at Kecoughtan 1611 to 1624: William Mease, George Keith, Thomas White.Map (db m166553) HM
73Virginia, Hampton — First United Methodist Church, Hampton
Organized as a society in 1789, First United Methodist Church is the mother of Methodism in the lower peninsula. Bishop Francis Asbury visited the congregation April 14, 1800, and March 5, 1812. Originally located about one block north on Wine . . . Map (db m166515) HM
74Virginia, Hampton — Flood of August 23, 1933
The mark below shows the height to which flood waters of August 23, 1933 reached.Map (db m166633) HM
75Virginia, Hampton — W-89 — Fort Algernourne
Near here Captain John Ratcliffe built Fort Algernourne, 1609. In 1614, it was a stockade containing fifty people and seven cannon. In 1632, the fort was rebuilt. It was discontinued after 1667. In 1727, a new fort, Fort George, was ordered built . . . Map (db m73818) HM
76Virginia, Hampton — W-90 — Fort Monroe
The fort was begun in 1819 and named for President James Monroe. It remained in possession of the Union forces, 1861-65, and from it as a base McClellan began the Peninsular Campaign, 1862. Jefferson Davis was imprisoned here, 1865-67.Map (db m10319) HM
77Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe — Freedom’s Fortress — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
Fort Monroe is the largest stone fortification ever built in the United States. Construction began in 1819 and continued for 15 years. Second Lt. Robert E. Lee served as an engineer at Fort Monroe from 1831 to 1834. During the Civil War, Fort . . . Map (db m10357) HM
78Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe — Quarters No. 1
In this house President Abraham Lincoln stayed during his visit of May 6-11, 1862. It was here that President Lincoln, General Wool and Commodore Goldborough planned the attack on Norfolk, Virginia.Map (db m138062) HM
79Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe
Explore Fort Monroe 400+ Years of History For over 400 years the point of land known as Old Point Comfort, which now includes Fort Monroe has served as a strategic site at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. From its use by Virginia . . . Map (db m166579) HM
80Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe — Freedom's Fortress — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
Fort Monroe is the largest stone fortification ever built in the United States. Construction began in 1819 and continued for 15 years. Second Lt. Robert E. Lee served as an engineer at Fort Monroe from 1831 to 1834. During the Civil War, Fort . . . Map (db m166589) HM
81Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe Arsenal
Building 27 was constructed about 1860. During the Civil War, and for a number of years after, it was occupied by the machine shop of the Fort Monroe Arsenal. This arsenal specialized in the manufacture of seacoast gun carriages.Map (db m103841) HM
82Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe Concrete Seawall Eastern Terminus
Fort Monroe Concrete Seawall Eastern Terminus The place where you are standing marks the terminus of a seawall constructed along the southern shores of Old Point Comfort at various periods between 1895 to the mid-twentieth century. This seawall . . . Map (db m102144) HM
83Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe History
For Your Information Safety is our top priority at Fort Monroe Fort Monroe History Fort Monroe, decommissioned in 2011, provided coastal defense to the Chesapeake Bay and served as an artillery school for the Army from the early . . . Map (db m103898) HM
84Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe History
Fort Monroe, decommissioned in 2011, provided coastal defense to the Chesapeake Bay and served as an artillery school for the Army from the early 1800s through the end of World War ll. During that time, the Army fired unknown numbers of cannonballs, . . . Map (db m103899) HM
85Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe Seawall History — Protecting the Coast
Strategic Location Fort Monroe occupies a peninsula in the shape of the letter "J" or a “fishhook" surrounded by the Chesapeake Bay, Hampton Roads, and Mill Creek. The southern tip of the peninsula is known as Old Point Comfort . . . Map (db m103859) HM
86Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe Seawall History — Seawall Construction Details
The first concrete seawall, constructed at Fort Monroe between March and August of 1895, was designed to provide better protection against coastal flooding and erosion. This concrete wall extended 664 feet from the eastern edge of . . . Map (db m103860) HM
87Virginia, Hampton — Fort Monroe's Arc Of Freedom — Fort Monroe
In 1619, Virginia Colony Secretary John Rolfe stated that "20, and odd Negroes" had been traded for supplies. In 1861, at the start of the American Civil War, three enslaved men sought refuge at Fort Monroe. The federal commander, Major . . . Map (db m166614) HM
88Virginia, Hampton — Fort Wool
Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m85964) HM
89Virginia, Hampton — Fort Wool — Robert E. Lee
In the summer of 1834, having supervised Fort Monroe's completion, engineer Robert E. Lee took up residence in Fort Calhoun's officer's quarters. Three years earlier, ominous fissures had materialized in the citadel's stone piers and arches. . . . Map (db m85965) HM
90Virginia, Hampton — Founders And Patriots Buried In This Cemetery
Virginia Founders Wilson, William, born VA 1646, died 1713 • Wilson, Willis, born VA 1670, died 1701 • Wilson, Miles, born VA 1673, died 1701 Revolutionary War Patriots Brown, Benjamin 1766-1806 • Jennings, Charles 1749-1816 • . . . Map (db m166542) HM WM
91Virginia, Hampton — Fox Hill — Beginning
From where you are standing, with marshes and creeks and wide-open vistas all around, it is not hard to visualize what this area looked like thousands of years ago when the only human residents of Fox Hill were Indians. Oysters, crabs, fish and wild . . . Map (db m151397) HM
92Virginia, Hampton — Fox Hill — Living
The first landholders at Fox Hill had their work cut out for them. They had received grants for hundreds of acres of pine forests that dominated the landscape, and they used indentured servants and slaves to clear the forests, then to plant and . . . Map (db m151400) HM
93Virginia, Hampton — Fox Hill — Fishing Camps
This part of Fox Hill was the hub of a thriving fishing industry that put food on the tables of families from here to distant cities. At the heart of this industry was the fishing camp, which usually included a modest shanty where fishermen would . . . Map (db m151401) HM
94Virginia, Hampton — Fox Hill — Bell's Island
In 1812, two Englishmen, William Johnson and Alex Weston, jumped ship out on the bay and made their way to Bell's Island, less than a half mile to the east of this marker. No one knows whether they were pirates or deserters, but Johnson brought . . . Map (db m151402) HM
95Virginia, Hampton — Fox Hill — Back River Lighthouse
The Back River Lighthouse was a familiar Fox Hill landmark for more than a century, guiding boats around dangerous shoals at Grandview and into the entrance of the York and Back rivers. The lighthouse was built in 1829 on four acres of land the . . . Map (db m151404) HM
96Virginia, Hampton — W-94 — Freedom’s Fortress
Fort Monroe was the site of Major General Benjamin F. Butler’s decision in 1861 to accept escaping slaves as “contraband of war.” Thousands of former slaves who cast off their bondage and sought sanctuary here called this “The . . . Map (db m10366) HM
97Virginia, Hampton — Grand Contraband Camp — "Freedom's Fortress" — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
On the night of May 23, 1861, just days after Virginia seceded from the Union, three enslaved men working on a Confederate fortification in Norfolk carried out an audacious plan, appearing at the gates of Fort Monroe and asking for sanctuary. The . . . Map (db m166507) HM
98Virginia, Hampton — Hampton — A Sacrifice to the Grim God of War — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
The control of Hampton had been disputed during the war’s first months. Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler sought to expand Union control over the lower Peninsula. Despite his defeat during the June 10, 1861, Battle of Big Bethel, his troops occupied . . . Map (db m33838) HM
99Virginia, Hampton — Hampton Baptist Church
In 1791 Grafton Baptist Church, in York County, founded a mission in Hampton, Hampton Baptist Church, which called its first pastor, Richard Hurst, in 1806. After the War of 1812, the church began to grow so that it had 185 members by 1837. During . . . Map (db m33925) HM
100Virginia, Hampton — Hampton Confederate Monument
(front) 1861-1865 Our Confderate Dead (rear) Erected by Hampton Chapter, No.19 Daughters of the Confederacy Unveiled Oct. 29, 1901Map (db m33872) WM

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May. 12, 2021