“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
After filtering for Virginia, 230 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed.                                               Next 100 


Historical Markers and War Memorials in Hampton, Virginia

Clickable Map of Hampton, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Hampton Ind. City, VA (230) Newport News Ind. City, VA (274) Norfolk Ind. City, VA (155) Northampton County, VA (58) Poquoson Ind. City, VA (14) Portsmouth Ind. City, VA (105) Virginia Beach Ind. City, VA (173) York County, VA (168)  Hampton(230) Hampton (230)  NewportNews(274) Newport News (274)  Norfolk(155) Norfolk (155)  NorthamptonCounty(58) Northampton County (58)  Poquoson(14) Poquoson (14)  Portsmouth(105) Portsmouth (105)  VirginiaBeach(173) Virginia Beach (173)  YorkCounty(168) York County (168)
Hampton and Vicinity
      Hampton (230)  
      Newport News (274)  
      Norfolk (155)  
      Northampton County (58)  
      Poquoson (14)  
      Portsmouth (105)  
      Virginia Beach (173)  
      York County (168)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
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1 Virginia, Hampton, Bethel Manor — Big Bethel Church and Cemetery
Bethel Church moved to this location from Hampton in 1842. The original church built here—the third Bethel Church—was destroyed during the Civil War. The individuals interred here were members of the Big Bethel Baptist Church congregation who died . . . Map (db m66889) HM
2 Virginia, Hampton, Bethel Manor — Big Bethel UDC Monument — Bethel 1861
To commemorate the Battle of Bethel, June 10, 1861. The first conflict between the Confederate and Federal land forces and in memory of Henry A. Wyatt, Private Co. A, 1st Regiment North Carolina Volunteers. The first Confederate soldier to fall in . . . Map (db m66888) WM
3 Virginia, Hampton, Briarfield — Aberdeen Elementary School — "Education was not an option" — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
A part of the original Aberdeen Gardens, Aberdeen Elementary School was opened in 1938. It quickly filled not only the role of educating students but also that of a community center, being used as a meeting place and social hall. There were . . . Map (db m166465) HM
4 Virginia, Hampton, Briarfield — W-95 — Aberdeen Gardens
Built "by Negroes for Negroes," Aberdeen Gardens began in 1934 as the model resettlement community for Negro families. It was the only such community in the United States designed by a Negro architect (Hilyard R. Robinson) and built by Negro . . . Map (db m41237) HM
5 Virginia, Hampton, Briarfield — Once Hampton Institute's Farm — Sharing the Bounty — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
Granger Court East is newer than its next-door neighbor, Aberdeen Gardens, but the two have a common ancestor. Hampton University, or Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, as it was then called, planted the seeds of both communities. The . . . Map (db m166463) HM
6 Virginia, Hampton, Briarfield — The Beginnings of Aberdeen Gardens — "Subsistence Housing" — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
Aberdeen Gardens, built by African Americans for African Americans, was the first of its kind in America. It was part of a bold New Deal program to resettle families who, caught in the jaws of the Great Depression, could not afford decent . . . Map (db m166468) HM
7 Virginia, Hampton, Briarfield — The Original Cooperative Center — Commercial Hub — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
This was the commercial hub of Aberdeen Gardens, a mini-mall that included a grocery store, barbershop and tavern. Although it has seen many changes since the neighborhood was created in 1939, it has been a vital part of the community. . . . Map (db m166457) HM
8 Virginia, Hampton, Briarfield — The Todd Farmhouse — Later Known as the Johnson House — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
The Todd Farmhouse, a Queen Anne style home with four bedrooms, was built in 1898. When the New Deal helped to finance the African-American development of Aberdeen Gardens, the Todd Farm and others adjoining int made up Aberdeen's 440 acres, in . . . Map (db m166459) HM
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9 Virginia, Hampton, Briarfield — Tucker's Cemetery
Tucker's Cemetery First Black Family 1619 Map (db m166472) HM
10 Virginia, Hampton, Buckroe Beach — Bay Shore Beach & Resort — Early Vacation Spot for Blacks in the South
This is the site of a popular alternative to Buckroe Beach, which had opened as a whites-only facility in the 1880s. Desiring to have a vacation resort by the sea for their own people, a group of African American leaders in Hampton formed the Bay . . . Map (db m131730) HM
11 Virginia, Hampton, Buckroe Beach — W 107 — Bay Shore Hotel
A group of prominent local African Americans formed the Bay Shore Hotel Company, purchased land here, and in 1898 opened a resort for black travelers. Ravaged by an Aug. 1933 hurricane, the resort was rebuilt and operated until the 1970s. . . . Map (db m129839) HM
12 Virginia, Hampton, Buckroe Beach — WY-92 — Buckroe
In 1620, Frenchmen sent over to plant mulberry trees and grape vines settled here. The name was taken from a place in England.Map (db m33821) HM
13 Virginia, Hampton, Buckroe Beach — Buckroe Beach — “Invigorating Saltwater Bathing”
You are looking at America's first health resort. Buckroe Beach, named for Buckrose in Yorkshire, England, has been known since colonial days for its healthful climate and "invigorating saltwater bathing." The name first appears in official . . . Map (db m234465) HM
14 Virginia, Hampton, Buckroe Beach — Virginia Green Book Location — 1938-1967
The Negro Motorist Green Book, a guidebook for African American travelers, was published by New York City mail carrier Victor Hugo Green in response to pervasive and widespread racial discrimination during the pre-Civil Rights era. Green's . . . Map (db m234376) HM
15 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — 018 — A-2 Polaris — Navy • SLBM — Air Power Park Tour —
Polaris was a deterrent and retaliatory missile specifically designed for launch from a ballistic missile submarine while submerged (or surfaced) to strike a target some 1,500 miles away. A typical submarine carried 16 of these missiles which . . . Map (db m103955) HM
16 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — 004 — A-7E Corsair II — BuNo.157606 • Navy • Attack — Air Power Park Tour —
The A-7E Corsair II was first flown by on November 25, 1969, after the Navy decided that the A7-A & B needed more power and improved avionics. The A-7E was powered by a naval version of the 15,000 lbs Allison/Rolls-Royce TF41-A-2 turbofan . . . Map (db m103948) HM
17 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — Ajax — Upper Stage • Army • SAM — Air Power Park Tour —
Beginning from the early 1950’s into the 1960’s, during the Cold War era, concerns created the need for basing surface-to-air missiles near U.S. military installations. Built for the U.S. Army by Western Electric and initially deployed in . . . Map (db m103957) HM
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18 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — 007 — F-101F Voodoo — No.56-0246 • USAF • Fighter — Air Power Park Tour —
Designed as a penetrator and long-range escort fighter, the F-101 Voodoo first appeared in 1954. The design was based on the earlier prototype XF-88, and no actual prototype F-101 was built. Later versions were used as long-range interceptors . . . Map (db m103949) HM
19 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — 011 — F-105D Thunderchief — No.61-0073 • USAF • Fighter — Air Power Park Tour —
The F-105 Thunderchief was the last airplane produced by Republic Aviation before it became part of Fairchild Hiller. The Thunder chief was originally a private-venture study as a follow-on to the F-84F. Intended as a fighter bomber, . . . Map (db m103952) HM
20 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — 008 — F-89J Scorpion — No.52-2129 • USAF • Fighter — Air Power Park Tour —
First proposed in December of 1945, the F-89 Scorpion was designed as a replacement for the P-61 Black Widow. The first flight was on August 16, 1948. A novel design of the aircraft was the use of “decelerons,” split . . . Map (db m103950) HM
21 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — Langley Field — Built for Air Power
Hampton is home to one of the earliest military bases in America specifically built for air power. Langley Flying Field, as it was then called, witnessed and nurtured the growth of the United States Air Force. The story of the land embraced by . . . Map (db m103906) HM
22 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — 019 — M-2 Corporal — Army • IRBM — Air Power Park Tour —
The Army's Corporal was the first U.S. ballistic missile originally developed by the Jet Propulsion Lab in Pasadena, California. It was powered by a liquid-fuel rocket engine and carried either a high explosive or nuclear warhead. A . . . Map (db m103956) HM
23 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — 003 — Mercury Test Capsule — NASA • Testing — Air Power Park Tour —
This is a test capsule of America's first manned spacecraft for Project Mercury. Engineer's had to devise a vehicle that would protect the human being from the temperature extremes, vacuum, the newly discovered radiation of space and . . . Map (db m103947) HM
24 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — NACA — Many Historic Firsts
In the early decades of the twentieth century, it took visionaries to imagine that airplanes might be useful in war and peace. Congress established the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in 1915 “to supervise and direct the . . . Map (db m103905) HM
25 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — NASA Space History — Spacecraft, Procedures, and Communication Systems
America’s space program got off the ground near here at NASA Langley Research Center. In 1958, spacecraft, procedures, and communication systems were designed and tested at the center, and the follow year the first astronauts . . . Map (db m103904) HM
26 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — 015 — Nike-Ajax — Lower/Upper Stage • Army • SAM — Air Power Park Tour —
Nike-Ajax is the first U.S. surface-to-air missile. The original Nike program was begun in 1945 and over 10,000 Nike-Ajax missiles serviced over 100 sites in 15 defense areas within the U.S. including the Hampton Roads area. . . . Map (db m103954) HM
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27 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — 010 — RF-4C Phantom II — No.69-0372 • USAF • Fighter — Air Power Park Tour —
The Phantom II is one of the most successful modern aircraft designs, with over 5,000 built. Developed for the U.S. Navy, it was also flown by the U.S. Air Force and U.S. Marine Corps, and was also sold too many foreign countries. Capable of . . . Map (db m103951) HM
28 Virginia, Hampton, Coliseum Central — 012 — T-33A T-Bird — No.51-9086 • USAF • Trainer — Air Power Park Tour —
Beginning in June 1943, after development of the Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star, the need for a high-performance trainer aircraft with seen. The resulting T-33 T-Bird was basically an F-80 as shown here with an extended fuselage to allow . . . Map (db m103953) HM
29 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Circle of Life — Cradle to Grave Experience — Old North Hampton —
Old North Hampton life began with birth at the hands of midwives, including Nettie Washington and Rosa Callis Brown. Mrs. Brown lived at 868 North King Street (now 916 Quash Street). Children attended nursery schools run by concerned mentors, such . . . Map (db m151395) HM
30 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Community Crossroads — The Heart of the Neighborhood — Old North Hampton —
The intersection of Quash (then known as North King Street) and Rip Rap Road pulsed with activity and was the centerpiece of the Old North Hampton community. On this corner Solomon Chandler built a grocery store in 1924. At the time there were no . . . Map (db m151390) HM
31 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Crabtown — Seafood — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
Welcome to Crabtown. Although all sorts of seafood were harvested and purveyed, "Crabtown" was the unofficial name by which many lovers of the "beautiful swimmer," the Chesapeake Bay bluecrab, have known Hampton for more than a . . . Map (db m166499) HM
32 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — W-173 — Dorothy Johnson Vaughan — (1910-2008)
Dorothy Vaughan, mathematician, graduated from Wilberforce University and was a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. During World War Il she left her job as a teacher to work for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), later . . . Map (db m199849) HM
33 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Elizabeth City Parish
First visited by Englishmen May 10, 1607. Fortified at Old Point by Captain George Percy, October, 1609. Settled by Lord De La Warr, July, 1610; Reinforced by Sir Thomas Dale, May, 1611; The Rev. William Mease being the first minister. . . . Map (db m33862) HM
34 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — F.W. Woolworth Co. Building
In 1960, this building was the F.W. Woolworth Co.’s 5 & 10 cent store and had a "whites only" lunch counter. On February 10, 1960, African-American college students from Hampton Institute sat at the lunch counter in an act of civil disobedience. . . . Map (db m218321) HM
35 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — First Baptist Church — First Independent Black Congregation in Hampton — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
Before the Civil War, Southern churches were internally segregated, and African Americans worshiped from balconies. Blacks were not permitted to have their own places of worship in many areas. This changed dramatically during and after the war, . . . Map (db m166511) HM
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36 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — WY-90 — First Church at Kecoughtan
Near here on the church creek stood the first church at Kecoughtan (later Hampton). Built on the Parish Glebe Farm about 1616, as the first church of the oldest continuous settlement of English origin in America, William Mease was the first known . . . Map (db m33903) HM
37 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — First United Methodist Church, Hampton
Organized as a society in 1789, First United Methodist Church is the mother of Methodism in the lower peninsula. Bishop Francis Asbury visited the congregation April 14, 1800, and March 5, 1812. Originally located about one block north on Wine . . . Map (db m166515) HM
38 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Founders And Patriots Buried In This Cemetery
Virginia Founders Wilson, William, born VA 1646, died 1713 • Wilson, Willis, born VA 1670, died 1701 • Wilson, Miles, born VA 1673, died 1701 Revolutionary War Patriots Brown, Benjamin 1766-1806 • Jennings, Charles 1749-1816 • . . . Map (db m166542) HM WM
39 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Hampton Baptist Church
In 1791 Grafton Baptist Church, in York County, founded a mission in Hampton, Hampton Baptist Church, which called its first pastor, Richard Hurst, in 1806. After the War of 1812, the church began to grow so that it had 185 members by 1837. During . . . Map (db m33925) HM
40 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Hampton Confederate Monument
(front) 1861-1865 Our Confderate Dead (rear) Erected by Hampton Chapter, No.19 Daughters of the Confederacy Unveiled Oct. 29, 1901Map (db m33872) WM
41 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Hampton Courthouse — “Roofless and Thoroughly Gutted”
“The courthouse, roofless and thoroughly gutted. … [Its] chimney served oar cooks well in getting supper. The Telegraph tent was soon up and the operator at work on the newly strung wire to Fort Monroe.” – Pvt. Robert Knox . . . Map (db m33853) HM
42 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Hampton Is Burned — "… a bright light over by the bay." — Reported permanently removed
When Capt. Jefferson C. Phillips’s Confederate troops set the town of Hampton on fire on the evening of August 7, 1861, a house that stood on this King Street site was one of the many structures destroyed. Archaeology tells the story of its . . . Map (db m219102) HM
43 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Hampton USOs — "Home away from Home" — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
During World War II, while in training for the Army, Navy, or Army Air Corps, both men and women found a "home away from home" at two locations in Hampton, one for whites and another for African Americans. These USO (United Service . . . Map (db m166540) HM
44 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Hannah Nicholson Tunnell
At early dawn apprised the Confederates of the approach of the enemy Bethel June 10, 1861Map (db m184345) HM
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45 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — W-87 — Historic Hampton
The Native American village of Kecoughtan stood across the Hampton River in 1607. Soon after the English forcibly removed the inhabitants in 1610, the colonists settled there and the village grew. By the early eighteenth century, the royal . . . Map (db m33890) HM
46 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Historic St. John's Episcopal Church
Oldest continuous Protestant church in North America. Parish founded in 1610. Church (fourth site) completed 1728.Map (db m166508) HM
47 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — J.S. Darling & Son — Industrious New Yorker — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
Just off the mouth of Hampton River is an extensive shoal known as Hampton Bar. There, a major industry that helped rebuild Hampton after the Civil War was literally spawned. James Sands Darling, an industrious New Yorker who arrived to make his . . . Map (db m166500) HM
48 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — John Mallory Phillips — 1920-1988 — Old North Hampton —
John Mallory Phillips was a businessman, politician, resident and friend of Old North Hampton. He lived most of his life at 904 North King Street, now Quash Street, and was known by friends and neighbors as simply John Mallory. John graduated . . . Map (db m151394) HM
49 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — W-175 — Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson — (1918-2020)
Katherine Johnson, mathematician, graduated from West Virginia State College and was a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. She was a teacher before the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (later NASA) hired her in 1953 to work in the . . . Map (db m199789) HM
50 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — King and Queen Streets — The "Cross-Streets" — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
A "sleepy village" before the Civil War and a charred ruin after it was set afire, Hampton slowly recovered. Thanks to oysters, crabs, hotels, saloons, and the military, prosperity began to appear at these cross-streets again. By the . . . Map (db m166523) HM
51 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — WY-96 — Langley Field: Creating an Air Force
In Dec. 1916, the U.S. Army purchased land four miles north of here to build an airfield to use jointly with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. During World War I, the Army trained aircrews and tested aircraft there. In 1921, Brig. . . . Map (db m33842) HM
52 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — W-88 — Little England
In 1634, Capps Point, later known as Little England, was patented by William Capps, a prominent planter who maintained a lucrative saltworks. He served as a burgess in the 1619 General Assembly, the first representative legislative body in the New . . . Map (db m33900) HM
53 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — WY-95 — Little England Chapel
Little England Chapel, originally known as the Ocean Cottage Sunday School, was built about 1879 on property provided by Daniel F. Cock. Hampton Institute students regularly offered Sunday school lessons here to the African American Newtown . . . Map (db m33901) HM
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54 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Little England Chapel and Newtown — African-American Missionary Chapel — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
Little England Chapel, the only extant African-American missionary chapel in Virginia at the time of its selection as a state historic landmark in 1982, had its beginning in about 1878, when George C. Rowe began Sunday school classes in his home . . . Map (db m166479) HM
55 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — W-174 — Mary Winston Jackson — (1921-2005)
Mary Jackson, aerospace engineer, was born in Hampton and graduated from Hampton Institute in 1942. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (later NASA), hired her in 1951 to be a "human computer" in the segregated West Area Computing Unit . . . Map (db m199792) HM
56 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — McDowell's Inn
On this site in 1726 John McDowell, who appraised estates and witnessed wills in Elizabeth City County, owned and operated an inn. It was bought by Dr. John Brodie in 1765. British Marine Captain Brown was treated here and died from wounds received . . . Map (db m33924) HM
57 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Old North Hampton — Self-sustaining and Self-contained — Old North Hampton —
Old North Hampton was first identified in the census of 1850 and is the second oldest African American community in Hampton. The community of North Hampton was established by people formerly enslaved, many of whom were Contraband Slaves or their . . . Map (db m151392) HM
58 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Searching for Slabtown — Unearthing Hampton's Grand Contraband Camp
What are we doing here? The City of Hampton contracted with the James River Institute for Archaeology, Inc. (JRIA) to complete a preliminary archaeological investigation to determine whether there is surviving evidence of the . . . Map (db m166502) HM
59 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Serio Boat Yard — Vincent Joseph Serio, Sr. — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
Vincent Joseph Serio, Sr. was born October 7, 1896, the thirteenth and youngest child of Filippo, a merchant seaman, and Bartola Serio. The family emigrated from Cefalu, Sicily, through Ellis Island to the United States in 1901, settling in . . . Map (db m166512) HM
60 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — St. John’s Church — The Venerable Survivor — Reported permanently removed
When Confederate Gen. John B. Magruder learned that the Federals intended to house troops and escaped slaves in Hampton, he burned down the town. Local soldiers, led by Capt. Jefferson C. Phillips, completed this “loathsome yet patriotic . . . Map (db m33847) HM
61 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — St. John’s Church
This memorial was erected in 1901 in memory of local Confederate soldiers by the Hampton Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy with permission of St. John's Church. While some soldiers are buried in our cemetery, many of the dead . . . Map (db m184375) HM
62 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — St. John's Church — Hampton, Virginia
The oldest Anglican parish in continuous existence in America. Established in 1610, this is the fourth church built in the parish. It was erected in 1728 in the shape of a Latin cross. Its walls are two feet thick. The bricks are laid in Flemish . . . Map (db m33858) HM
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63 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — St. John's Church — Hampton, VA.
[Drawing of the grounds with the following description given:] Location of the old wall through excavations under supervision of Paul Hudson and Anne GarlandMap (db m166546) HM
64 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — St. John's Church — The Venerable Survivor
Henry Cary, Jr. built St. John's Church, the oldest building in Hampton, in 1728. It is the fourth such structure to serve Elizabeth City Parish, established in 1610, and is America's oldest active parish in the Anglican Communion. St. . . . Map (db m166559) HM
65 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Syms-Eaton Academy — "A free school to educate and teach the children." — Explore Hampton 2010: From the Sea to the Stars —
One of the first free public schools in America was located in what is now a wooded acre north of Tabbs Creek near the boundary of Langley Air Force Base and NASA Archaeologists have unearthed a number of artifacts including . . . Map (db m166513) HM
66 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — The Courthouse
The first Courthouse served Elizabeth City County (one of eight counties established in 1634) and Hampton, the county set. It was probably near the second church site of Elizabeth City Parish now the property of Hampton University. Court buildings . . . Map (db m33857) HM
67 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — The Historic Post Office
Built in 1914, this building served as the largest post office in Hampton until 1986. It was renovated into a wedding and event venue in 2016. This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States . . . Map (db m166514) HM
68 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — The Magnolia Tree Inn
On this site prior to 1884 James Sands Darling built his Victorian home which survived the destructive fire of that year. The home was occupied by his daughter, Grace Darling Cumming, and her family until 1923. It later became the Magnolia Tree Inn . . . Map (db m33922) HM
69 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — The Masonic Temple
St. Tammany Lodge No. 5, A.F. & A.M. was organized in Hampton under a charter granted by the Grand Lodge of England, February 26, 1759. This Temple was erected in 1888. The unusual medallions on the north face represent Masonic symbols. When the . . . Map (db m166516) HM
70 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — The Northeast Corner
On this corner in the 1750's was a large brick house owned by Captain Alexander Hamilton. John Paul, who owned and ran an ordinary during the Revolutionary War, sold the fifteen corner feet of the one-half acre lot to Thomas Latimer, Jr. It was . . . Map (db m33919) HM
71 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — The Sclater Building
The oldest surviving commercial structure in Old Hampton was built by William S. Sclater following the War Between the States. The lot is part of an original one-half acre on which, by the 1750's, was a large brick house belonging to a Captain . . . Map (db m33920) HM
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72 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — The Southeast Corner
This site was originally owned by Thomas Curle, cordwinder (shoemaker). In 1775 Richard Barron owned the property, selling it later to John Banks, blacksmith. In 1820 Thomas A.B. Jones owned the "Corner Store" here. A portion of this land was owned . . . Map (db m166518) HM
73 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — The Southwest Corner
This site has been a "merchants" corner from the earliest records. William Marshall, a sailor and the first owner, was murdered by sailors in 1689. John Smith, a blacksmith, acquired the property, selling a portion to John McDowell for his inn. . . . Map (db m166525) HM
74 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Third Church at Kecoughtan — Notable Burials in the Churchyard
You are standing within the foundations of the third church at Kecoughtan (present-day Hampton). The first church (1616–1624) was located 1.5 miles south of here and the second one was constructed across the Hampton River about two miles east. . . . Map (db m33899) HM
75 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — WY-88 — Third Elizabeth City Parish Church
Here is the site of "The New Church of Kecoughtan", built before 1667 on Pembroke Farm as the third church of Elizabeth City Parish, established in 1610. It was a frame building and its brick foundation and some early colonial tombstones remain. . . . Map (db m33895) HM
76 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — Virginia Laydon — The First Surviving Child Born in Virginia to English Parents
We Remember Virginia Laydon The First Surviving Child Born in Virginia to English Parents Member of this Parish Virginia Laydon was born about 1609, the first child of Anne Burras Laydon and John Layton. Anne Burras, age . . . Map (db m33871) HM
77 Virginia, Hampton, Downtown — War of 1812 Veterans Interred or Memorialized in this Historic Cemetery
Private Thomas Bradley 1774-1826 • Sergeant Major Mark L. Chevers 1795-1875 • Sergeant William Face 1770-1855 • Lieutenant James M. Glassell 1790-1838 • First Sergeant Timothy Green 1782-1847 • Private Richard S. Hicks 1793-1868 • . . . Map (db m166543) HM WM
78 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — "Ruth Window" — Chevers Chapel
Dedicated in honor of Army wivesMap (db m166581) WM
79 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Lantaka
Captured by U.S. forces during the Philippine Insurrection, c. 1900.Map (db m85984) WM
80 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — 12-Pounder Gun-Howitzer — Model 1857
. . . Map (db m42458) HM
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81 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — 12-Pounder Howitzer — Model 1841
Bronze field piece Made for Confederates in 1862 by Tredegar Foundry, Richmond Smoothbore Diameter of bore     4.62 inches Overall length     58.6 inches Range     1072 yards (0.5 miles)Map (db m42457) HM
82 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — 12-Pounder Howitzer
Fired a 12-pound cannonball. Probably captured during the Philippine Insurection,   c. 1900.Map (db m42472) HM
83 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — 14 – Pounder James Rifle
Bronze field gun Made in 1862 for Union Forces by Ames Mfg. Company Chicopee, Massachusetts Diameter of Bore     4.125 inches Overall Length         73 inches Weight                   912 poundsMap (db m42463) HM
84 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — 3 – Inch Ordnance Rifle — Model 1861
. . . Map (db m42470) HM
85 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — A Bay Worth Preserving — Fort Monroe
Approximately 200 miles long, with a surface area of 4,479 square miles, the Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States—and the third largest in the world. It is known for its beauty as well as its bounty, and supports more . . . Map (db m166615) HM
86 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — An Enduring Legacy? — Fort Monroe
This memorial to Jefferson Davis, for some, conjures up a sense of heritage and history. For others, it is a symbol of hate and highlights the intent to exclude African Americans from public life and civil liberties. This memorial was placed here . . . Map (db m166582) HM
87 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Austrian 6-Pounder Gun
Bronze field piece Diameter of bore       3.74 inches Overall length       63 inches Made in Vienna in 1812Map (db m42461) HM
88 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Austrian 6-Pounder Gun
Bronze field piece purchased by Confederates abroad Originally rifled; Converted to smoothbore Diameter of bore     3.74 inches Overall length   62 inches Made in Vienna in 1857Map (db m42464) HM
89 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Battery Irwin — Fort Monroe
The Battery was a light, rapid-fire battery with four 3-inch, 15-pounder guns was designed to defend Fort Monroe's controlled mine fields and against fast moving torpedo boats. The Battery was built from early spring 1900 to 1901; the guns were . . . Map (db m166642) HM
90 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Battery Parrott — Fort Monroe
Battery Parrott was a relatively-modern Endicott emplacement designed to defend Hampton Roads from attacking battleships. The Battery was constructed between 1902 and 1904, while its guns were mounted in 1905. The Battery was transferred to the . . . Map (db m166641) HM
91 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — W-92 — Confinement of Jefferson Davis
In this casemate Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, was confined, May 22-October 2, 1865. As his health suffered in the casemate, he was removed to Carroll Hall in the fortress, where he remained from October, 1865, until May, . . . Map (db m182924) HM
92 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Contraband Hospital — Site of Contraband Hospital — Fort Monroe —
The "Contraband" Hospital at Fort Monroe was constructed in 1863 on Ingalls Road to treat the wounded and sick former enslaved men, women and children. Harriet Tubman would serve here as a nurse and cook for several months.Map (db m166645) HM
93 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Contraband Quarters — Site of Contraband Quarters — Fort Monroe —
Following the "Contraband Decision" of 1861, tens of thousands of enslaved men, women, and children fled to Fort Monroe seeking freedom leading to the creation of several "contraband" camps in the surrounding area. The corner of Ingalls and . . . Map (db m166644) HM
94 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Digging Up The Past — Fort Monroe
In the summer of 2018, archaeologists excavated the area around this building. They uncovered masonry foundations and other structural elements of the 19th-century Head Engineer Quarters as well as a connected outbuilding. The quarters were . . . Map (db m166635) HM
95 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Engineer Wharf
Built by the Corps of Engineers about 1818, this was for many years a very important wharf. Jefferson Davis was landed here as a prisoner on May 22, 1865.Map (db m103842) HM
96 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Enormous Undertaking: The Fort's Construction — Fort Monroe
During the War of 1812, British soldiers burned Hampton and occupied the Old Point Comfort Lighthouse. The British Navy sailed unopposed all the way up the Chesapeake Bay to Fort McHenry in Baltimore, burning Washington, DC, along the way. After . . . Map (db m166593) HM
97 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — Eprouvette Mortar
Not a weapon; Used for testing powder Iron smoothbore Diameter of bore       5.655 inches Cast with bed-piece to give an elevation of 45 degrees Made in 1858 Initials of inspector on muzzle Peter V. HagnerMap (db m42468) HM
98 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — WY 106 — Escape To Freedom
On 23 May 1861 three enslaved men, Frank Baker, Shepard Mallory, and James Townsend, sought freedom at Fort Monroe. A Virginia officer demanded their return, citing the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. Union Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler refused, stating . . . Map (db m184089) HM
99 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — W-96 — First Africans in Virginia — Reported permanently removed
The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived in August 1619 when a Dutch man-of-war landed here at Point Comfort. The Dutch captured the “twenty and odd” Africans from the Spanish, who had enslaved them, and traded them to the . . . Map (db m73826) HM
100 Virginia, Hampton, Fort Monroe — W-96 — First Africans in Virginia
The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived here in Aug. 1619 on the White Lion, an English privateer based in the Netherlands. Colonial officials traded food for these “20 and odd” Africans, who had been captured from a Portuguese . . . Map (db m129864) HM

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Feb. 29, 2024