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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Jefferson County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Jefferson County, WV (341) Berkeley County, WV (102) Washington County, MD (833) Clarke County, VA (72) Frederick County, VA (178) Loudoun County, VA (273)  JeffersonCounty(341) Jefferson County (341)  BerkeleyCounty(102) Berkeley County (102)  WashingtonCountyMaryland(833) Washington County (833)  ClarkeCountyVirginia(72) Clarke County (72)  FrederickCounty(178) Frederick County (178)  LoudounCounty(273) Loudoun County (273)
Location of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
    Jefferson County (341)
    Berkeley County (102)
    Washington County, Maryland (833)
    Clarke County, Virginia (72)
    Frederick County, Virginia (178)
    Loudoun County, Virginia (273)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — "A journey of 1,000 miles begins with a single step." — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"A journey of 1,000 miles begins with a single step." Lao Tzu The stone steps to your left are part of the Appalachian Trail - a 2,200-mile footpath from Georgia to Maine. Climb the steps to some of the most scenic . . . Map (db m118087)
2West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — "for the deposit of arms"
The Small Arsenal building that stood here from 1806—1861 was one of two warehouses for the nearby United States Armory. A Harpers Ferry visitor in 1821 described both buildings as "arsenals for the deposit of arms manufactured, consisting of . . . Map (db m99508) HM
3West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — "The War That Ended Slavery" — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
"The War That Ended Slavery" Abolitionist Frederick Douglass, from his 1881 Storer College Commencement speech "I want to free all the negroes in this [slave] state ... if the citizens interfere with me I must only burn . . . Map (db m143940) HM
4West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — That was the happiest time of my life. — Storer alumna Ruby Reeler — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Female students arriving here at the Cook Hall dormitory were greeted with a welcoming letter that advised them, “Here you will come as a refuge from the strangeness or perplexities of campus life. Here you will fight your battles of . . . Map (db m70830) HM
5West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — A Government Factory Town
Harpers Ferry owed its existence principally to the United States armory, which began producing small arms here in 1801. At its height, this factory produced more than 10,000 weapons a year and employed 400 workers. The armory affected the everyday . . . Map (db m18793) HM
6West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — A Government Factory Town No Longer
The destruction of the armory in 1861, followed by four years of Civil War, devastated Harpers Ferry's economy. Attempts at revitalization included a brewery erected here in 1895. When West Virginia enacted prohibition in 1914, the brewery . . . Map (db m18798) HM
7West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — A Land Divided — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The struggle of today is not altogether for today - it is for a vast future also. Abraham Lincoln You are standing near what was once an international border. During the Civil War, the peak to your left lay within the Union state . . . Map (db m70826) HM
8West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — A Land Divided — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
You are standing near what was once an international border. During the Civil War, the peak to your left lay within the Union state of Maryland. Loudoun Heights to the right was claimed by the Confederate state of Virginia. Slavery divided the . . . Map (db m158441) HM
9West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — A Nation's Armory — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
You are standing directly across the street from the main entrance of one of the nation's first military industrial complexes. The U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry, now covered by an embankment of dirt and rubble, produced the deadliest weapons of its . . . Map (db m24919) HM
10West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — A Perfect Heap of Ruins — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Standing here on the night of April 18, 1861, you would have seen billowing smoke as fire raged in the armory workshops upstream. Virginia had just seceded from the United States and Virginia militiamen were advancing on the armory. Vastly . . . Map (db m20520) HM
11West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — 5 — Armory Grounds — Meriwether Lewis at Harpers Ferry —
The United States Armory was the main reason Lewis came to Harpers Ferry. He needed dependable weapons and supplies to succeed on his mission. The quality of the armorers' handiwork would also mean the difference between life and death for Lewis and . . . Map (db m20481) HM
12West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Armory Paymaster's Residence
Rank has its privileges. The paymaster, second in command at the armory, enjoyed an unobstructed view of the factory grounds and water gap from the substantial brick dwelling erected here about 1800. Soot and noise disrupted the scene with the . . . Map (db m18664) HM
13West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Armory Workers
Expanding armory operations in the opening decades of the 19th century resulted in overcrowded and unhealthy living conditions for workers. Families shared inadequate, unventilated housing, while single men slept in the workshops. To alleviate the . . . Map (db m18797) HM
14West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Arsenal Square
Two brick arsenal buildings, which once housed about 100,000 weapons produced at the Harpers Ferry Armory, occupied these grounds. Capture of the firearms was the objective of John Brown’s 1859 raid. Eighteen months after Brown’s attack, the Civil . . . Map (db m12969) HM
15West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Brackett House
Built in 1858, this house served as the home for the U.S. Armory superintendent's clerk. As an assistant to the superintendent, the clerk's responsibilities included drafting correspondence, filing reports, arranging schedules, and insuring the . . . Map (db m70779) HM
16West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Branding the B&O — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Passengers in the late 1800s would have instantly recognized this building as the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad station. Known for their distinctive style and red-and-brown color scheme, the B&O designed their stations to give customers a . . . Map (db m70782) HM
17West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Burned, Flooded, and Leveled — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The stone and brick walls in front of you show the outline of the Small Arsenal. The actual foundation of this former weapons storehouse lies below ground. In 1959 National Park Service archaeologists first excavated the foundation—100 years . . . Map (db m143937) HM
18West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Butcher Shop and Boarding House
Factory officials believed a ready supply of meat for the community was "decidedly advantageous to the interests of the armory." As a result, the armory permitted local businessman Philip Coons to erect a large butcher shop and smoke-house, as well . . . Map (db m18792) HM
19West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — By the aid of these machines... — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Beneath your feet lie the foundations of the Smith and Forging Shop. The largest building in the armory, it reflected changing methods of manufacturing. In the armory's early days, gun making was slow and labor intensive. Armorers worked in small . . . Map (db m23444) HM
20West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Camp Hill — Discover Harpers Ferry
You are in the Camp Hill area of Harpers Ferry. Explore Camp Hill's history with exhibits in front of the Morrell, Brackett, and Lockwood houses and Mather Training Center. Side trails in Harper Cemetery and in front of Mather Training Center . . . Map (db m103584) HM
21West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Camp Hill during the Civil War — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Company A, 22nd New York State Militia, photographed near here during the summer of 1862. Note the house with a cannon in front of it behind the soldiers. It is still here today. In May of 1862, during Stonewall Jackson’s Valley Campaign, Union . . . Map (db m158424) HM
22West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — No. 1 — Capture of Harpers Ferry — No. 1
September 15, 1862 No. 1On September 10, 1862 General R. E. Lee Commanding the Army of Northern Virginia then at Frederick Md. set three columns in motion to capture Harper’s Ferry. Maj. Gen L. McLaws with his own Division and that of Maj. Gen. . . . Map (db m2579) HM
23West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — No. 2 — Capture of Harpers Ferry — No. 2
September 15, 1862 No. 2 Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson, with his own Division and those of Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill and R. S. Ewell, left Frederick on the morning of September 10 and passing through Middletown and Boonsboro crossed the Potomac at . . . Map (db m2728) HM
24West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — No. 3 — Capture of Harpers Ferry — No. 3
September 15, 1862 No. 3 Col. Dixon S. Miles, Second U. S. Infantry, commanded the Union forces at Harpers Ferry. After Gen. White joined from Martinsburg, September 12 and Col. Ford from Maryland Heights on the 13th, Miles had about 14,200 . . . Map (db m2914) HM
25West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — No. 4 — Capture of Harpers Ferry — No. 4
September 15, 1862 No. 4 In the afternoon of the 14th Jackson's Division advanced its left, seized commanding ground near the Potomac and established Artillery upon it. Hill's Division moved from Halltown obliquely to the right until it struck . . . Map (db m2921) HM
26West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — No. 5 — Capture of Harpers Ferry — No. 5
September 15, 1862 No. 5 Capture of Harpers Ferry September 15, 1862 No. 5 At daylight, September 15, three Batteries of Jackson's Division delivered a severe fire against the right of the Bolivar Heights defense. Ewell's Batteries opened from . . . Map (db m2922) HM
27West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Casualties of Time
Over two dozen armory workers' dwellings, ranging from modest frame cottages to substantial stone and brick houses, once fronted Shenandoah and Hamilton streets. The wood houses disappeared around mid-century, victims of fire and demolition. The . . . Map (db m18799) HM
28West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Casualty of War
German immigrant Frederick Roeder was a prosperous baker, the father of seven children, and a recent widower. Roeder was also about to die. The Fourth of July was normally a day of celebration, but not this year - not 1861. In March Roeder buried . . . Map (db m99425) HM WM
29West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Chimney
The 90-foot chimney that once stood here towered over the Smith and Forging Shop, dominating the scenery from 1846 until it was torn down in the 1890s.Map (db m143946) HM
30West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Church and School
The school and mission work are inseparably interwoven with each other. Storer teacher - Kate J. Anthony The Curtis Memorial Freewill Baptist Church served as a spiritual anchor in the lives of both the students and the teachers of . . . Map (db m70814) HM
31West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Cotton Mill
Once the largest building on Virginius Island, this 1848 four-story brick structure sported steam heat and gas lighting and boasted the latest machinery for making "yard-wide sheeting and shirting at less than Baltimore prices." The cotton mill . . . Map (db m18812) HM
32West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Daring Escapes — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The boat ramp in front of you was the site of two daring escapes in the Battle of Harpers Ferry. Under the cover of darkness, 1,400 Union cavalrymen fled on horseback down the ramp, crossing a pontoon bridge into Maryland on September 14, 1862. . . . Map (db m158288) HM
33West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Early Travel
Situated in a gap of the Blue Ridge Mountains and at the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers, Harpers Ferry, from its beginning, functioned as a natural avenue of transportation. The first mode of travel consisted of a primitive . . . Map (db m12058) HM
34West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Federal Armory
In an effort to increase the number of small arms for defense of the United States, George Washington established a Federal armory here in 1794. The rivers provided power for the machinery; surrounding mountains provided iron ore for gun barrels . . . Map (db m168267) HM
35West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Floods
Waterpower built this town, and the power of the water eventually destroyed it. The destruction of the Federal Armory during the Civil War began the town's decline. Many people who had left Harpers Ferry during the war did return, only to be driven . . . Map (db m12982) HM
36West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Found Underground
The ground around you hides the remains of the U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry. Beneath the surface archeologists discovered walls, floors, pipes, and the base of a massive 90-foot chimney. As the team slowly and painstakingly excavated small pits . . . Map (db m21124) HM
37West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Foundations of Freedom — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Harpers Ferry, including Anthony Hall (to your left), played host to large and small scenes in the epic human struggle for freedom and equality. In this building, the superintendent of the national armory contemplated how to strengthen the . . . Map (db m70797) HM
38West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Foundations of Freedom
Harpers Ferry, including Anthony Hall (behind you to the right), played host to large and small scenes in the epic human struggle for freedom and equality. In this building, the superintendent of the national armory contemplated how to . . . Map (db m70821) HM
39West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Foundations of Freedom — Civil War Camp to College Campus — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Harpers Ferry, including Anthony Hall (to your left), played host to large and small scenes in the epic human struggle for freedom and equality. In this building, Civil War generals planned their next attack. In the fields around you, Union and . . . Map (db m158638) HM
40West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Harper Cemetery
Passing through this region in 1747, Robert Harper — a Pennsylvania architect contracted to build a Quaker church in the Shenandoah Valley — was so impressed by the beauty of this place and the water-power potential of the Potomac and . . . Map (db m10203) HM
41West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Harper House
From this vantage point, a succession of early residents watched Harpers Ferry grow from a tiny village into a thriving industrial community. In 1775, town founder Robert Harper chose this hillside for his family home because it lay safely . . . Map (db m18753) HM
42West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — 7 — Harper House Tavern — Meriwether Lewis at Harpers Ferry
The Harpers House was near the end of a 20-year run as the only tavern in Harpers Ferry when Lewis arrived. Thomas Jefferson may have been among the first guests to stay here in 1783. If Lewis rented a room in 1803, he was among the last travelers . . . Map (db m18754) HM
43West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Harper House: The Mansion on the Hill — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
From this vantage point, early residents watched Harpers Ferry grow from a tiny village into a thriving industrial community. In 1775, town founder Robert Harper chose this hillside for his home. The home was completed in 1782. . . . Map (db m148945) HM
44West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Harpers Ferry / John Brown’s Fort
(West Facing Side): Harpers Ferry Named for Robert Harper, who settled here in 1747 and operated ferry. Site purchased for Federal arsenal and armory in 1796. John Hall first used interchangeable gun parts here. Travel route thru Blue . . . Map (db m82777) HM
45West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Harpers Ferry History — Hayward Shepard — Another Perspective
Heyward Shepard On October 17, 1859, abolitionist John Brown attacked Harpers Ferry to launch a war against slavery, Heyward Shepard, a free African American railroad baggage master, was shot and killed by Brown’s men shortly after midnight. . . . Map (db m158470) HM
46West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Head Gates and Inner Basin
These brick-lined archways, or "head gates," built around 1850, once controlled much of the island's waterpower. From here, a "wing dam" extended across the Shenandoah River, funneling water through the arches and into the inner basin. A gate at the . . . Map (db m18949) HM
47West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Heads versus Hands
A national controversy regarding the education of African American students played out in the building before you. Throughout its history, Storer College faced great difficulty attracting funding. Most white benefactors favored trade school . . . Map (db m70807) HM
48West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Heyward Shepherd
On the night of October 16, 1859, Heyward Shepherd, an industrious and respected Colored freeman, was mortally wounded by John Brown's raiders in pursuance of his duties as an employee of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. He became the first . . . Map (db m126128) HM
49West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — High Street in 1886
(Photo of High Street in 1886)Map (db m18787) HM
50West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — 6 — Home of Joseph Perkins — Armory Superintendent — Meriwether Lewis at Harpers Ferry —
Armory Superintendent Joseph Perkins lived in a converted warehouse on this spot from 1801-1806. The day Lewis arrived, March 16, 1803, he hand-delivered a letter from the Secretary of War directing Perkins to provide "arms & iron work... with the . . . Map (db m18804) HM
51West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — 1 — Home of Samuel Annin — Armory Paymaster — Meriwether Lewis at Harpers Ferry —
The U.S. Armory Paymaster's house stood here. Completed in 1802 as a home for the armory's senior administrator, this building was probably the best house in town when Meriwether Lewis arrived in 1803. Lewis may have stayed here and he certainly . . . Map (db m18662) HM
52West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — House Ruins
An island entrepreneur or owner likely resided in this 2 1/2-story house which once stood on this foundation. Owners and workers both resided on the island. Other dwellings included four large 2-story structures, five 2-story brick tenements, and . . . Map (db m18951) HM
53West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Island Access
Bridges spanning the canal, like the one to your left, provided access from the island to the mainland for residents and factory workers. During floods, they were paths to safety. To delay departure could spell disaster, as in 1870, when swiftly . . . Map (db m18987) HM
54West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Island Mills
Sounds of turning mill wheels and workers filling bags with freshly ground flour once filled the air here. The foundation of Island Mills, one of the earliest (1824) industries on the island, lies before you. Each fall the railroad brought wheat . . . Map (db m18983) HM
55West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Jefferson County / State of Maryland
Jefferson County. Formed in 1801 from Berkeley. Named for Thomas Jefferson. Home of Generals Gates, Darke, and Charles Lee. Here four companies of Washington's men organized. Shepherdstown was strongly urged as the seat of the National . . . Map (db m167196) HM
56West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Jefferson Rock
"On your right comes up the Shenandoah, having ranged along the foot of the mountain a hundred miles to seek a vent. On your left approaches the Patowmac [Potomac], in quest of a passage also. In the moment of their junction they rush together . . . Map (db m10662) HM
57West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — 8 — Jefferson Rock — Meriwether Lewis at Harpers Ferry —
Twenty years before Lewis came to town, his mentor, Thomas Jefferson, wrote about the view from this rock. Jefferson's comments on the landscape were published in Notes on the State of Virginia. That book provided a model for Lewis as he . . . Map (db m18791) HM
58West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — John Brown
Here John Brown aimed at human slavery a blow that woke a guilty nation. With him fought seven slaves and sons of slaves. Over his crucified corpse marched 200,000 black soldiers and 4,000,000 freedmen singing “John Brown’s body lies . . . Map (db m158453) HM
59West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — John Brown
That this nation might have a new birth of freedom, That slavery should be removed forever from American soil. John Brown and his 21 men gave their lives. To commemorate their heroism, this tablet is placed on this . . . Map (db m167876) HM WM
60West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — John Brown Fort
Here is a building with a curious past. Since its construction in 1848, it has been vandalized, dismantled, and moved four times - all because of its fame as John Brown's stronghold. The Fort's "Movements" 1848 Built as fire-engine house for . . . Map (db m4420) HM
61West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — John Brown Monument
Commemorated here is the original location of the "John Brown Fort"--the Federal Armory's fire engine house where abolitionist John Brown and his raiders were captured by the U.S. Marines on October 18, 1859. If you look to the south, you will see . . . Map (db m10900) HM
62West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — John Brown's Last Stand — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
You are in the line of fire. The stone marker in front of you identifies the original site of the armory fire engine house - now known as John Brown's Fort. Barricaded inside the fort, abolitionist John Brown and his men held off local militia and . . . Map (db m23413) HM
63West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Jonathan Child House
Jonathan and Emily Child owned the house that once stood on this foundation. Along with partner John McCreight, Child bought Virginius Island from Abraham Herr after the Civil War and moved here with his family in 1867. Three years later, on . . . Map (db m18982) HM
64West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Large Arsenal
Serious problems plagued the weapons stored in this two-story structure built in 1799. Floods and high humidity posed constant threats. Sparks from wood-burning locomotives presented a fire hazard. Inadequate storage space caused overcrowding and . . . Map (db m18691) HM
65West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — 3 — Large Arsenal Foundation — Meriwether Lewis at Harpers Ferry —
Completed in 1800, the 2 1/2-story, brick arsenal building stored weapons made for the security and survival of a young United States of America. Lewis procured 15 rifles from this stockpile. They were the first and most essential weapons his . . . Map (db m18752) HM
66West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Lewis and Clark
Meriwether Lewis arrived March 16, 1803. Oversaw building of collapsible iron framed, skin-clad boat and acquired supplies, tomahawks, and rifles. Left for Pennsylvania on April 18; returned July 7 to gather materials and left next day for . . . Map (db m2149) HM
67West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Lockwood House
With its commanding view of Harpers Ferry and the Potomac River gap, this house has witnessed significant chapters in Harpers Ferry's history. It was built in 1847 as quarters for the U.S. Armory paymaster and later served as headquarters for Union . . . Map (db m10180) HM
68West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Market House
Armory workers purchased fresh vegetables, meat, and fish every Wednesday and Saturday here at the Market House. Constructed by the government near mid-century, the building that once stood here architecturally resembled the refurbished armory . . . Map (db m18800) HM
69West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Mayors of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia
Harpers Ferry, Virginia - Charter from Virginia Legislature 1851 Jeremiah Fuss - 1851-1852 John C. Umseld - 1852-1853 Solomon V. Yantis - 1853-1855, 1879-1880, 1882-1885 George Mauzy - 1855-1857 Isaac Fouke - 1858-1859 Fontaine . . . Map (db m143935) HM
70West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Mere Machines of Labor — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Work in the Smith and Forging Shop that stood here was dirty, smoky, noisy, and dangerous. Worse still, in the early 1800s armorers changed from skilled craftsmen - creating unique handcrafted weapons - into wage laborers tending machines for less . . . Map (db m23491) HM
71West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Morrell House
This house was built in 1858 as quarters for the U.S. Armory paymaster's clerk and his family. This clerk helped the paymaster manage the armory's complex budget and payroll, and assisted also with the collection of government quarters' rent and . . . Map (db m70750) HM
72West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — My Favorite Boat — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The metal boat frame to your right is a replica of a collapsible boat built here for Lewis and Clark. Menwether Lewis came to the armory in 1803 to prepare for an epic cross-continent journey and oversee the construction and testing of the boat. . . . Map (db m20526) HM
73West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Nathan Cook Brackett — July 28, 1836 - July 20, 1910
Founder of Storer CollegeMap (db m70760) HM
74West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Power of the Potomac — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The Potomac River races east past you with enough mountain-carving power to punch through the entire Blue Ridge to your right. Such energy easily powered the entire national armory from the early 1800s until 1861. Diverted by a dam upstream, river . . . Map (db m20536) HM
75West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Prize of War
Harpers Ferry was much sought by North and South, 1861-1865. Its garrison of 12,000 Union troops was captured by an army of Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson, Sept. 15, 1862, on way to join Lee at Antietam. The Catholic Church was used as Federal hospital.Map (db m2935) HM
76West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Pvt Luke Quinn — In Memory Of
Only Marine killed in John Brown's Raid - October 18, 1859 Pvt Luke Quinn came from Ireland in 1835, and enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1855 in Brooklyn, NY. He was sent to sea duty, then transferred to Marine Barracks in Washington, D.C. He . . . Map (db m70780) HM WM
77West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Racing West — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On this spot in 1838 the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) pulled into the lead in the race for transportation industry dominance with the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal (C&O). Denied across to the Maryland side of the river, the B&O struck a deal with the . . . Map (db m23415) HM
78West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Railroad Embankment
The B&O Railroad constructed this embankment in the 1890s, covering a large section of the original armory site and elevating their train tracks above flood levels.Map (db m143945) HM
79West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Railroads
Trains clanking along iron rails have echoed through Virginius Island since the Winchester & Potomac Railroad arrived here in 1836. It extended from the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad junction at Harpers Ferry 32 miles southward to Winchester. The W&P . . . Map (db m18981) HM
80West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Revolutionary War Soldier
Revolutionary War Soldier William Broadus Born 1755 Died October 5, 1830 Lieutenant in the First Virginia Regiment Commanded by Colonel George Gibson Marker placed by General Adam Stephen Chapter, NSSAR and Virginia Society, NSSAR . . . Map (db m103454) HM WM
81West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Riley House — 1826
Built in 1826 as a private residence, this Federal style house was acquired by the War Department in 1837 and became U.S. Armory dwelling No. 55. Jefferson Davis signed the deed in 1852 when the government sold the house to Armory worker James . . . Map (db m148859) HM
82West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — River Wall
The Harpers Ferry & Shenandoah Manufacturing Company built this stone wall about 1848 as part of the hydraulic system for its two cotton mils and other shops downstream. This extensive retaining wall formed part of the berm separating the inner . . . Map (db m18944) HM
83West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Shenandoah Canal
In 1806, workmen with hand tools widened and deepened this channel for cargo boats to bypass, or "skirt," the rapids in the Shenandoah River. Linked with many other skirting canals" en route to Washington, D.C., this passage became part of the . . . Map (db m18988) HM
84West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Shenandoah Pulp Factory
In 1877-1888, on the former site of the Shenandoah Canal's lower locks, Thomas Savery erected this large mill to provide wood pulp for the paper industry. Ten turbines, arranged in pairs in the mill's five massive sluiceways, powered wood grinders, . . . Map (db m18985) HM
85West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Shenandoah River
The power of the Shenandoah River once made Virginius Island valuable real estate. Armory Superintendent James Stubblefield purchased the island in 1824 for $15,000. Two months later he almost doubled his investment by selling the island as four . . . Map (db m122844) HM
86West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Shenandoah Street about 1880
(Photo of the buildings along Shenandoah Street about 1880)Map (db m18788) HM
87West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Short-lived Sanctuary — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Thousands of enslaved people fled to the Union lines at Harpers Ferry during the Civil War. Some of them found shelter in the "contraband camp" located near here in the shadow of John Brown's Fort. Their freedom and safety were always in jeopardy. . . . Map (db m20491) HM
88West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Six Acres That Changed the World — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Along this path lie the remains of revolutions. Six acres of the U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry have been reduced to rubble. Buildings that buzzed with activity and innovation now lie covered with dirt. Train tracks that pushed to the edge of a new . . . Map (db m20475) HM
89West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Smith and Forging Shop
Completed in 1848 this was the armory's largest building, nearly 100 yards long. Here workers forged iron into gun barrels and parts.Map (db m143944) HM
90West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Springhouses and Root Cellars
These small caves carved into the shale cliffside at one time served as springhouses and root cellars for the residents of this block. The cooler subsurface temperatures of a root cellar helped preserve herbs, vegetables, and fruits in the days . . . Map (db m18755) HM
91West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — St. John Lutheran Church
Built in 1850 Federal Hospital during Civil War Map (db m143934) HM
92West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — St. John's Episcopal Church
These weathered ruins are all that remain of St. John's Episcopal Church - one of Harpers Ferry's five earliest churches. Built in 1852 with money provided by church fairs, St. John's served as a hospital and barracks during the Civil War and . . . Map (db m18790) HM
93West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — St. John's Lutheran Church — Alarm Bell at Dawn
The Reverend Doctor Josiah P. Smeltzer laid the cornerstone of St. John's Lutheran Church on April 30, 1850. The building was completed two years later and dedicated on August 1, 1852. Little more than seven years had passed when, at dawn on . . . Map (db m70794) HM
94West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church
Construction of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad produced an influx of Irish laborers into the Harpers Ferry area during the early 1830's. St. Peter's Catholic Church, completed in 1833, symbolizes America's melting . . . Map (db m18789) HM
95West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Stephen Tyng Mather — July 4, 1867 - Jan. 22, 1930
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service. Defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done.Map (db m70831) HM
96West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Storer College 1867-1955 — Harpers Ferry National Historic Park
Thousands of blacks seeking refuge from slavery and protection behind Union lines fled to Harpers Ferry during the Civil War. Recognizing the importance of education for former slaves, the government’s Freedmen’s Bureau began a school here in . . . Map (db m158425) HM
97West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Storer College Veterans Memorial Gate
. . . Map (db m70812) WM
98West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Sweets for Harpers Ferry — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The enticing smell of bread, cakes, candies, and pies undoubtedly attracted many customers to Frederick Roeder's Confectionery, making it a prosperous business from 1845 to 1861. In addition to his store, it is reported that he carried small pies to . . . Map (db m25151) HM
99West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Tailrace
Water from the canal flowed through underground tunnels, turning water wheels and powering armory machinery before it exited through tailraces.Map (db m143943) HM
100West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — That was the happiest time of my life. — Storer student — Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Female students arriving here at the Cook Hall dormitory were greeted with a welcoming letter that advised them, "Here you will come as refuge from the strangeness or perplexities of campus life. Here you will fight your battles of adjustment to . . . Map (db m158640) HM

119 entries matched your criteria. The first 100 are listed above. The final 19 ⊳
 
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Apr. 14, 2021