The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of . . . — — Map (db m152380) HM
The Susquehannock Indians controlled the upper tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay. John Smith was the first European to encounter them when he explored the Upper Bay in 1608. He described them as "a most noble and . . . — — Map (db m188475) HM
Wetlands are a beautiful place to visit. Brightly colored flowers and a variety of birds are just some of the wonderful things to see in a wetland.
Water rushes off the land in a storm. When the water reaches the wetlands, plants help to . . . — — Map (db m164225) HM
Prior to roads and rails, water was the most significant transportation mode in the growth of our nation's emerging economy. Situated at the juncture of the Susquehanna River and the Chesapeake Bay, the town of Havre de Grace grew and prospered. . . . — — Map (db m163126) HM
Concord Point, like all lighthouses, was run by the United States
Lighthouse Establishment (LHE). All building projects were
approved and paid for by the LHE.
Several outbuildings were added to the Keeper's House property
including a well in . . . — — Map (db m164220) HM
Several outbuildings were added to the property after the initial construction of the Keeper’s House.
A well was dug in 1827 and research indicated that a pump was installed to draw water.
The pump house was added over the well in 1851. This . . . — — Map (db m165843) HM
A fog bell is a type of fog signal that uses sound, in this case the rhythmic clanging of a very loud bell, to warn vessels of navigational hazards, or boats of the presence of other vessels in foggy conditions. The term is most often used in . . . — — Map (db m164296) HM
An anchor is used to hold a boat or other floating object in position, and prevent it from drifting. Ancient anchors were simply a heavy rock dropped into the water at the end of a rope tied to the boat. Since the 19th century, anchors have been . . . — — Map (db m138212) HM
Frenchtown, on the Elk River, was struck on the morning of April 29, 1813. Rear Admiral Cockburn attempted a surprise attack and was greeted with a barrage from the town's battery. The guns had little effect and the British landed and burned the . . . — — Map (db m162134) HM
Herons, ducks, and geese gather along the shores and on the waters of the Chesapeake Bay. A Great Blue heron has caught a fish to eat. Who is this? Domesticated geese are not native to this area. They are from Europe and Asia. The geese probably . . . — — Map (db m163991) HM
The town's defenders -- numbering about 20 -- failed to prevent some 400 British troops from coming ashore May 3, 1813.
A gun battery, probably located north of where the lighthouse now stands, was manned single-handedly by John . . . — — Map (db m163660) HM
In memory of Capt. Anthony J. Synodinos, CAP Chaplain (1 Lt.) Edward G. Conrad, CAP They died April 6, 1954, in an airplane crash off this point while performing a search and rescue mission. Service like theirs with thoughts more for . . . — — Map (db m36897) HM
James J. Archer was born here at the Carter-Archer house on December 18, 1817, the eighth of John and Ann Stump Archer's eleven children. James Archer graduated Princeton in 1835, attended Bacon College in Kentucky, and studied law at the University . . . — — Map (db m184309) HM
Built in 1827 of Port Deposit granite by local contractor John Donahoo, who built thirteen of the earliest lighthouses on the Chesapeake Bay. Originally lit with 9 whale oil lamps; a Fresnel lens was installed in 1854. The first keeper, John . . . — — Map (db m137129) HM
Erected at the mouth of the Susquehanna River in 1827, it is the oldest lighthouse in continuous operation in the United States. Now under automatic control, it was manned by the O’neill Family until 1928. John O’neill was named as the first . . . — — Map (db m165000) HM
The original property for the lighthouse Keeper's House included the entire block bounded by Concord Street to the east, Lafayette Street to the south, Alliance Street to the north and Young Street to the west. A fence surrounding the property . . . — — Map (db m164959) HM
On the point where the mighty Susquehanna River meets the Chesapeake Bay stands the lighthouse that protected vessels from dangerous waters for 148 years.
Built in 1827 to protect vessels from dangerous shoals and currents at the mouth of the . . . — — Map (db m164071) HM
Dedicated in Honor of the men and women of
Grace Reformed Episcopal Church in Havre de Grace, Maryland
who have served our nation in times of peace and war.
We will not forget your sacrifice and courage.
"Greater love hath no man than this, . . . — — Map (db m162123) WM
Prior to the building of the Conowingo Dam in 1928, this area
flooded every spring when the snow melted. Light keepers used
a boat to go from the house to the lighthouse in order to light the lamps.
Raised wooden walkways were constructed . . . — — Map (db m164989) HM
This area has always been susceptible to flooding. Several times throughout the year, the entire property would have been under water. There are reports of light keepers taking a boat from the house to the lighthouse in order to light the . . . — — Map (db m165844) HM
On June 26th, 1924, Ernest Burke was born into the well-respected Burke family of Havre de Grace, MD. Ten years later, the death of both parents, the Depression, and regulation on the poor found him homeless.
Recognizing Ernest's physical . . . — — Map (db m189750) HM
The monument is in tribute to and honors families who lost one or more loved ones serving in the Armed Forces of the United States.
The first panel depicts their homeland Harford County and Havre de Grace Maryland of the United States of . . . — — Map (db m164066) WM
Here on the morning of May 3, 1813, British Forces under Admiral Cockburn landed, sacked, and burned the town. The principal defenses were two small batteries on Concord Point. The “Potato Battery” on high ground, was manned to the last . . . — — Map (db m162149) HM
Havre de Grace- Early 1900's
Havre de Grace
Today sees the end of the year's spring racing in
Havre de Grace. The little Maryland town is ready to settle
baok into its wonted quiet after two weeks of feverish activity,
count its . . . — — Map (db m162608) HM
In operation from 1912 to 1950 and nicknamed “The Graw.” The Harford Agricultural and Breeders Association racetrack was one of four one-mile thoroughbred racecouses in Maryland and reflected Harford County’s status as a breeding center . . . — — Map (db m1269) HM
1917 * This Memorial * 1918
erected by the citizens of Havre-de-Grace as an expression of gratitude to those of this community who served their country in the Great World War.
Lieut. Col. M. E. Tydings * Capt. Ira . . . — — Map (db m162112) HM
During World Wars I and II, home victory gardens were
promoted to support war efforts. Today, home agriculture
is a sensible and economical way to supplement the food
budget with fresh and healthy crops. This iconic garden
will supplement local . . . — — Map (db m164246) HM
John O'Neill led a futile defense when British raiders attacked Havre de Grace May 3, 1813. As other defenders fled, O'Neill briefly manned a cannon alone.
His courage earned O'Neill a presidential appointment as first keeper of the . . . — — Map (db m163824) HM
Five days before the 1813 attack on Havre de Grace, British ships anchored at Spesutia Island, just south of here. Island residents were "greatly terrified" upon their arrival, but were assured they would not be harmed. The Royal Navy used the . . . — — Map (db m170721) HM
As the British savagely burned the buildings in Havre de Grace during their morning attack May 3, 1813, the townspeople ran west for protection to a home that stood near this location. The home, known as Bloomsbury, was owned by Baltimore . . . — — Map (db m166381) HM
Instead of following the slope of the land, as rivers and streams do, a canal periodically takes a vertical step between long stretches of flat water. Locks were constructed at each vertical step to accomplish moving barges up and down between each . . . — — Map (db m164934) HM
The British fleet approached Havre de Grace at dawn on the morning of May 3, 1813 in small launches. Rear Admiral Cockburn favored attacking towns at first light. Havre de Grace residents awoke to the terrifying sounds of bombs exploding and rockets . . . — — Map (db m162135) HM
This cannon of the War of 1812 marks the site of the battery on Concord Point where John O'Neill 1769-1838 served the guns single handed during the British attack upon Havre de Grace May 3, 1813 until disabled and captured.
He was . . . — — Map (db m8182) HM
Each night he left his house to climb the 27 stairs and 6 rung iron ladder to the top of the lighthouse. And he did this three times a night to refill the oil that kept the light burning and the ships safe.
This is the house of the . . . — — Map (db m164072) HM
Havre de Grace resident John Donahoo constructed the
lighthouse Keeper's House with attached kitchen, as well as
the lighthouse in 1827. It was originally a one and half story
structure measuring 34 by 20 feet with two rooms and an
attached . . . — — Map (db m164975) HM
Ribbons of green along our shores... The Lower Susquehanna Heritage Greenway connects natural and historical areas along both shores of the Susquehanna River. Havre de Grace is located on the southwest end of this greenway. Discover Havre . . . — — Map (db m9704) HM
Canvasback ducks float quietly on the water The hunter waits Flocks of ducks appear in the sky, cup their wings and drop down to the waiting canvasbacks The hunter's ploy has worked For it was not real canvasbacks that lured the ducks but well . . . — — Map (db m161524) HM
Listen, and you can almost hear the jazz music and smell the roasting duck. Edward F. Piersol conceived the idea for the Bayou Hotel and was the first owner. The hotel, considered lavish for a small town, was built with field stone from Harford . . . — — Map (db m161519) HM
During the War of 1812, the British sailed up the Chesapeake Bay. After laying siege to Washington, D.C. and burning the White House, and having been held at bay by the patriots in Baltimore, they proceeded to Havre de Grace. Most of the residents . . . — — Map (db m166329) HM
This stone house, constructed around the same time as the Mill, was where the Miller of Rock Run resided. He did not necessarily own the Mill, but was paid to operate it. He took his "pottle", or fee, from each bushel he ground (approximately 1/8th . . . — — Map (db m189293) HM
Travelers on the Post Road, the main route of north/south travel, passed through Havre de Grace and crossed the Susquehanna River on a ferry to Perryville. The ferry was chartered in 1695 and remained in use until the first railroad bridge was built . . . — — Map (db m164982) HM
St. John's Episcopal Church survived the British attack on Havre de Grace May 3, 1813. The enemy spared the 1809 structure but damaged the interior. According to a newspaper account: "Finding nothing to steal (the raiders) 'magnanimously' . . . — — Map (db m161527) HM
Buoys are aids to navigation. Typically, a buoy is anchored in place, and serves to direct a boat or ship pilot away from hazards, or toward lanes and channels. This is a nun buoy, so-named because of its conical shape, like a nun's habit. Nun buoys . . . — — Map (db m138213) HM
Rodgers House miraculously survived the 1813 burning of Havre de Grace. Dating from 1788, this is the town's oldest documented structure. John and Elizabeth Rodgers, parents of U.S. Naval hero John Rodgers, operated a tavern here. They also . . . — — Map (db m64144) HM
A propeller uses the principle of the screw to convert rotational motion into forward thrust to power a boat or ship in the water. This propeller was manufactured in 1895, and installed on the 135 foot tug Sea King. The tug reported for war . . . — — Map (db m138211) HM
In 1920, the Keeper's House and property were sold by the U.S. Government.
The light had been automated and a keeper was no longer necessary.
The building became a boarding house until the mid-1930s. It then
became a bar, dance hall and . . . — — Map (db m164986) HM
A target of the British during the War of 1812, Principio Iron Foundry was destroyed on May 3, 1813. the foundry, located on the Northeast River was owned by Samuel Hughes and had a contract with the U.S. Navy. In this raid Hughes' losses included . . . — — Map (db m163658) HM
Little evidence remains of what was once the northernmost navigable deep-water port on the Susquehanna River. The “Upper Ferry” crossed between here and Port Deposit.
When the British attacked May 3, 1813, they helped themselves to a . . . — — Map (db m188579) HM
Named for the French General whose troops passed through here in 1781 en route to Yorktown. Records of the French Army noted plans were underway for a town at this place when the troops returned from Yorktown in 1782. — — Map (db m1274) HM
Rock Run House, the home of Brigadier-General James J. Archer, who resigned from the United States Army to join the Confederacy. Wounded and captured at Gettysburg July 1, 1863, General Archer died in Richmond October 24, 1864, shortly after his . . . — — Map (db m189292) HM
Part of “Land of Promise” tract. Original mill (1760), present grist mill (1794), first Susquehanna River Bridge (1818) and Barge Canal (1839) made through this hamlet a thriving commercial center. Surviving are Miller’s House, the Mill, Toll House . . . — — Map (db m189291) HM
The Rock Run Mill was built in 1794 by John Stump, a prominent businessman, on land originally known as “Land of Promise.” The mill was in continuous operation until 1954. It is one of the oldest mills still standing in Harford County.
The . . . — — Map (db m188608) HM
On the morning of May 3, 1813, the British came ashore at several points and set to work plundering and burning the town. They used Congreve rockets, which made horrible whizzing and popping sounds, to create chaos and terror. The British . . . — — Map (db m163168) HM
The Spring House was constructed between 1801 and 1804. While its main function was to provide drinking water
to the Carter-Archer Mansion, it also served as an early refrigerator for perishable food. Place your
hand in the 50°F water and . . . — — Map (db m188591) HM
The "flint furnace" is all that remains of the once thriving town of Stafford. Beginning in 1749 with the building of the Rock Forge, an iron works, by George Rock, a succession of furnaces, forges and mills, and other industries occupied the . . . — — Map (db m189842) HM
During the War of 1812, Havre de Grace was a fishing village, but also played host to many travelers. The Post Road, the main route of land travel in the day, came through town, and travelers used the local ferry at the north end of town to cross . . . — — Map (db m161514) HM
Cannon and rocket fire shook residents of Havre de Grace from their sleep as the British attacked at dawn May 3, 1813. An eyewitness reported: "Distressed people, women and children half naked" ran from their homes. The local militia fled, . . . — — Map (db m59832) HM
At the corner of Lapidum and
Stafford Roads stood a three-story
Victorian building known as the
Susquehanna Hotel, built by Conrad
Baker in 1868. It was constructed of
stone and brick and had several large
porches. Other buildings -- a church, . . . — — Map (db m188603) HM
Old Post Road Established 1666. Public Ferry ordered established by the Council of Maryland 1695 for travel between north and south. General Washington and many notable men used this ferry, also, the Continental Army and soldiers of War Between . . . — — Map (db m1275) HM
The taverns and the ferry made Havre de Grace, originally called Susquehanna Lower Ferry, a successful town in the early 19th century. People arrived via the Post Road, the major route of north/south travel in the day, and crossed the Susquehanna . . . — — Map (db m165853) HM
Beginning in 1838,the cars of the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad were carried across the Susquehanna River by the first railroad ferry in the U.S. A rail bridge replaced the ferry in 1866. The surviving granite piers carried the . . . — — Map (db m79601) HM
The town of Lapidum, at the head of
navigation in the Susquehanna River, traces
its history to the granting of land patents for
the tracts "Eightrupp” (1665), "Eaton” (1679),
and "Land of Promise” (1682). As the
supporting land was transformed . . . — — Map (db m188601) HM
Construction began on the Bayou in 1917. Built with solid 18" thick Harford County fieldstone walls and 14" thick wooden beams, it took four years to complete.
The Bayou Hotel opened for business in 1921. It's stunning facilities included a . . . — — Map (db m152374) HM
This fishing houseboat dates from c. 1900, and measures approximately 8 feet wide by 20 feet long. It is a simply constructed wooden "scow" similar to a barge with a small one room un-insulated house (or shanty) atop the base. These boats were used . . . — — Map (db m138207) HM
1827-1920. Constructed by John Donahoo of Havre de Grace; Builder of Twelve Maryland Lighthouses
The house and property were sold by the U.S.
Government in April 1920 as the light had been automated and a resident keeper was no longer . . . — — Map (db m164821) HM
At every lighthouse in the United States, the lighthouse Keeper's
House was built to house a keeper and his family. In most families,
the wife and children would help keep the lights burning. In many
cases, when the keeper died, the wife or son . . . — — Map (db m164993) HM
This three-mile trail begins here at the Susquehanna Museum at the Lock House and winds through the historic district. As you follow the fleur-de-lis trail marker, you will travel by our museums and over 800 historic structures within the old town . . . — — Map (db m104475) HM
The Lock House is located at the southern terminus of the Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal, which operated from 1840-1897. The canal was pivotal in the development of the Lower Susquehanna River Valley. It connected with the Pennsylvania Canal at . . . — — Map (db m1492) HM
This marker signifies the point where the beautiful Susquehanna River completes its 444 mile journey to meet the Chesapeake Bay
City of Havre de Grace
Susquehanna River Basin Commission
May 18, . . . — — Map (db m9703) HM
The 45-mile long Susquehanna (PA) and Tidewater (MD) Canal ran from Wrightsville, Pennsylvania to Havre de Grace, Maryland. The canal was built between 1835 and 1839 in order to improve commerce on the Susquehanna River. The new canal would connect . . . — — Map (db m164981) HM
This wye oak was a seedling of the
largest wye oak in the U,S. and the
state tree of Maryland which was
located in Wye Mills. That tree
stood for over 400 years until it
was destroyed by a storm in 2002.
— — Map (db m165840) HM
The Toll House, constructed around 1817, provided shelter for the toll keeper and was used to store the collected tolls from bridge travelers crossing the Susquehanna River. The window in the wall on the porch was used to spot boats coming down . . . — — Map (db m189268) HM
Construction & Destruction
The Susquehanna Bridge and Banking Company began construction in 1813 and opened the bridge in 1818, connecting Harford and Cecil Counties.
The bridge was covered to protect the wooden decking and trusses from . . . — — Map (db m194866) HM
The British under Rear Admiral George Cockburn attacked Havre de Grace on May 3, 1813. They went from house to house, burning and confiscating belongings along the way. Beds were ripped apart, and furniture and clothing were ruined. "The hills . . . — — Map (db m165851) HM
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high . . . — — Map (db m59827) HM
Along the shores of the Chesapeake Bay wetlands provide a home for many different animals. Listen...Look...can you find the animals that call this special place home? Look Up! Can you find the snake? Black rat snakes are skilled . . . — — Map (db m9701) HM