“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers in Holly Springs, Mississippi

Clickable Map of Marshall County, Mississippi and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Marshall County, MS (28) Benton County, MS (6) DeSoto County, MS (21) Lafayette County, MS (26) Tate County, MS (7) Union County, MS (12) Fayette County, TN (18) Shelby County, TN (460)  MarshallCounty(28) Marshall County (28)  BentonCounty(6) Benton County (6)  DeSotoCounty(21) DeSoto County (21)  LafayetteCounty(26) Lafayette County (26)  TateCounty(7) Tate County (7)  UnionCounty(12) Union County (12)  FayetteCountyTennessee(18) Fayette County (18)  ShelbyCounty(460) Shelby County (460)
Holly Springs is the county seat for Marshall County
Holly Springs is in Marshall County
      Marshall County (28)  
      Benton County (6)  
      DeSoto County (21)  
      Lafayette County (26)  
      Tate County (7)  
      Union County (12)  
      Fayette County, Tennessee (18)  
      Shelby County, Tennessee (460)  
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1Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Airliewood
Airliewood, built in 1858 for William H. Coxe on a fifteen acre estate, is a gothic style villa. The massive iron gate and fence are attributed to Wood & Perot of Boston. At the invitation of Coxe, the house was used by Major General U.S. Grant as . . . Map (db m85131) HM
2Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — 3 — Airliewood — Stop 3 Van Dorn Raid:
This Gothic villa, probably designed by the firm of the distinguished architect Samuel Sloan, was built in 1858 for a reported $40,000 by wealthy planter William Henry Coxe on a fifteen-acre tract purchased in 1857. The massive cast iron gates . . . Map (db m200084) HM
3Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Asbury United Methodist Church
At the original site of the Asbury Methodist Church, the Upper Mississippi conference was organized on February 5, 1891. Classes first held in the church led to the establishment of Rust College.Map (db m85132) HM
4Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — COFO & Rust College Civil Rights Monument
In 1964-65, the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) came to Holly Springs, MS. This monument is in honor and recognition of the students who came from across the country and joined with Rust College students and local citizens to register . . . Map (db m117499) HM
5Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — 1 — Control Of The River — Stop 1 Van Dorn Raid:
On October 14, 1862, Confederate Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton became commander of the Department of the Mississippi and East Louisiana, and two days later Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant assumed command of the Department of the . . . Map (db m183928) HM
6Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — General Order #11 — Considered the worst anti-Semitic Government act in American history
Union General Ulysses S. Grant, frustrated by illegal smuggling of cotton for war materials conducted by Northern and Southern speculators, issued General Order #11 from Holly Springs. The order explicitly focused on Jews, anywhere within Tennessee, . . . Map (db m169021) HM
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7Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — 45 — Hill Country Blues
(side 1) Although Delta blues often claims the spotlight, other styles of the blues were produced in other regions of Mississippi. In the greater Holly Springs area, musicians developed a "hill county" blues style characterized by few chord . . . Map (db m84875) HM
8Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Holly Springs
Ante-bellum cotton town and center of social and cultural life. Home of 13 generals of Confederacy. Grant's southern advance halted here by Van Dorn's raid, December, 1862.Map (db m121844) HM
9Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — 7 — Hugh Craft House — Stop 7 Van Dorn Raid:
Built in 1851 for Hugh Craft, a prominent early citizen who came to Holly Springs in 1839 in the ernploy of the American Land Company. This house is locally recognized as the first of the "big houses" during the town's initial affluence preceding . . . Map (db m183939) HM
10Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Ida B. Wells — Mississippi Writers Trail —
Born to slave parents in Holly Springs on July 16, 1862, Wells' life epitomized the freedom struggle for African Americans following the Civil War. When her parents and an infant brother died in the Yellow Fever outbreak of 1878, Wells raised her . . . Map (db m169992) HM
11Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Ida B. Wells-Barnett — (1862-1931) — Famed African-American journalist, educator, suffragette, and human rights activist. —
Born the eldest child to Elizabeth and James Wells, she grew up in Holly Springs, and attended Shaw University, now Rust College. She was a reformer who insisted on economic and political resistance to oppression. She became head of a household at . . . Map (db m136680) HM
12Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Mississippi Central R.R. Campaign
On November 7, 1862, Gen. John Pemberton reviewed his Confederate troops here. The next day, the army withdrew to a defensive position behind the Tallahatchie River. Union Gen. Grant's forces arrived on the 29th. After learning that Pemberton had . . . Map (db m85129) HM
13Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Mississippi Central R.R. Campaign
Located approx. 400 yards north was the Jones-McElwain and Co. Iron Foundry, established 1859. In 1861, the firm was awarded a Confederate contract to produce rifles and muskets. Before any weapons were made, Holly Springs was threatened by Union . . . Map (db m85130) HM
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14Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — 5 — Mississippi Central Railroad — Stop 5 Van Dorn Raid:
The railroad came to Holly Springs in 1856 at the urging of Harvey W. Walter, a Holly Springs attorney. The town, located on the main route between New Orleans, Chicago, and New York, was halfway between New Orleans and St. Louis and boasted one of . . . Map (db m199991) HM
15Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Osborne Bell
Elected Sheriff of Marshall County in 1979. Osborne Bell was loved by many and is remembered for his friendliness and fairness to all. His political career began in 1967, when he was elected and served three terms as County Coroner (1967-1979). The . . . Map (db m183935) HM
16Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Rosenwald School
Holly Springs's first Rosenwald School was built here ca. 1925 for the education of African American students. Five teachers taught students through the eighth grade. Students attended either Rust College or Mississippi Industrial College to . . . Map (db m170277) HM
17Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Rust College
Estab. 1866 as Shaw Univ. for the education of freed slaves by Miss. Methodists and the Freedman's Aid Society. Renamed 1890 to honor Richard Sutton Rust, Methodist clergymen, educator and abolitionist.Map (db m116157) HM
18Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — 18 — Rust College — Mississippi Freedom Trail —
Front In 1960 Rust College students, under the leadership of President E. A. Smith, boycotted the segregated HollyTheater, a protest that in 1962 evolved into a Rust chapter of the NAACP. The chapter offices were installed by Medgar . . . Map (db m116163) HM
19Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Sherwood Bonner (McDowell)
Home of distinguished 19th century woman writer, who pioneered in dialect stories. Served as secretary and inspiration to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.Map (db m85126) HM
20Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — 2 — The Van Dorn Raid — Stop 2 Van Dorn Raid:
Grant's long and vulnerable railroad supply line to Holly Springs originated in Columbus, Kentucky, and ran outh along the Mobile & Ohio and Mississippi Central railroads. On December 19, 1862, Brigadier General Nathan B. Forrest's Confederate . . . Map (db m183931) HM
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21Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — 6 — Van Dorn Captures Holly Springs — Stop 6 Van Dorn Raid:
General Van Dorn advised Colonel Griffith of the Texas Brigade: "Take care that you do not find a hornet's nest at the square!" Griffith led his brigade westward down Depot Street (Van Dorn Avenue) to the Town Square, ushered by Rebel yells and the . . . Map (db m173867) HM
22Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — 4 — Van Dorn Enters Holly Springs — Stop 4 Van Dorn Raid:
Near the Salem Street bridge over the Mississippi Central Railroad Van Dorn's cavalry column divided into three attacking parties. The first moved to subdue the Union cavalry at the Marshall County Fairgrounds. The second attacked the infantry . . . Map (db m200172) HM
23Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — W.T. Sims High School
The Rosenwald School and the W.T. Sims High School were the first public schools for African Americans in Holly Springs. The W.T. Sims High School was built here in 1953 on land purchased from Mississippi Industrial College. In 1960, the school . . . Map (db m170279) HM
24Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — 8 — Walter Place — Stop 8 Van Dorn Raid:
Built in 1859 by master architect Spires Boling for Harvey W. Walter. In a combination of architectural styles, Gothic crenelated octagonal towers flank the central Classic Greek Revival portico. Both styles were detailed in iron cast at the . . . Map (db m200082) HM
25Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Walthall Home
Here prior to Civil War lived Edward Cary Walthall, statesman, lawyer, Confederate Brigadier General and United States Senator from 1885 to 1898. He is buried in this city.Map (db m84883) HM
26Mississippi (Marshall County), Holly Springs — Yellow Fever House
Residence of W.J.L. Holland, who gave his quarters and his life during the yellow fever epidemic of 1878. The benevolent Holland died while chairman of the relief committee.Map (db m85133) HM
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Oct. 5, 2022