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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Hot Springs, Arkansas

 
Clickable Map of Garland County, Arkansas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Garland County, AR (103) Hot Spring County, AR (4) Montgomery County, AR (8) Perry County, AR (3) Saline County, AR (23) Yell County, AR (15)  GarlandCounty(103) Garland County (103)  HotSpringCounty(4) Hot Spring County (4)  MontgomeryCounty(8) Montgomery County (8)  PerryCounty(3) Perry County (3)  SalineCounty(23) Saline County (23)  YellCounty(15) Yell County (15)
Hot Springs is the county seat for Garland County
Hot Springs is in Garland County
      Garland County (103)  
ADJACENT TO GARLAND COUNTY
      Hot Spring County (4)  
      Montgomery County (8)  
      Perry County (3)  
      Saline County (23)  
      Yell County (15)  
 
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1 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — “A Modern and First Class Hotel” — Hot Springs National Park —
Today's Arlington Lawn gets its name from the fact that the first two versions of the luxury hotel you see across Fountain Street to the north were located here on government property. The first, a 150-room wooden structure completed in 1875, was . . . Map (db m211040) HM
2 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — “An Open Log Cabin and a Few Huts” — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
A 15-man party, dispatched by President Thomas Jefferson to investigate the Ouachita River area, arrived at the hot springs in December of 1804 and found “… an open log cabin and a few huts of split boards, all calculated for summer encampment.”Map (db m211119) HM
3 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — “Rebirth of the American Spa” — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
On May 13, 1989, the Fordyce Bathhouse reopened as Hot Springs National Park Visitor Center. In honor of this event, 1200 volunteers, the Friends of the Fordyce, the Sentinel-Record and other businesses created a four-day celebration called . . . Map (db m211167) HM
4 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — “We Bathe the World” — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Hot Springs was truly “The American Spa” during the 1920s, 1930s and early 1940s. The popular slogan “We Bathe the World” was indeed, appropriate. The bathing industry reached its peak in 1946, giving over one million baths.Map (db m211195) HM
5 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — 122
Constructed 1891 in as dry goods and grocery store until 1915. Utah Apts above and restaurant below. Became the Apple Apts and Dixie Coffee Shop in 1840's. Recently was Magnolia Gift and Night Train Lounge. Remodeled apartments 1992. Wheatley . . . Map (db m102704) HM
6 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — 126
Constructed in 1891 as a clothing store by Simon Meyer, one of the most successful merchants in the late 1890's. In 1923 Rosa Meyer opened a dry goods store and later the Walkowitz General Store. Most recently the Oyster Bar restaurant. Wheatly . . . Map (db m102708) HM
7 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — 201 Central AvenueThe Howe Hotel
Constructed in 1926 the Howe Hotel was significant in the late 1920's. Roof garden on 8th floor while the 2nd floor housed a bath house. Served as an important redistribution center for troops in World War II. Wheatly PropertyMap (db m142952) HM
8 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — 260
Constructed in 1904 as one of the first office buildings built to house the growing demand for doctors offices and drug stores. Remodeled as Wheatley Hotel in mid 1950's. Bowling alley in basement.Map (db m211128) HM
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9 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — 304
. . . Map (db m102942) HM
10 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — 308
. . . Map (db m102768) HM
11 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — A Landscaped Resort — Hot Springs National Park —
Setting plays a significant role in the Hot Springs spa experience. The magnolia-lined avenue and landscaped lawns of the bathhouses create a pastoral atmosphere in the midst of the city. Just a few steps behind Bathhouse Row the Grand Promenade . . . Map (db m211041) HM
12 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Al Simmons — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
When illness threatened to end his Hall of Fame career prematurely in 1928, Al Simmons came to Hot Springs to take the baths and hike in the mountain trails. The visit worked wonders, and, encouraged by legendary Athletics' manager Connie Mack, . . . Map (db m167399) HM
13 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Alerted at the Arlington — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
In 1928 Senator Joe T. Robinson was the Democratic party's candidate for vice-president. He was formerly (sic) notified at the Arlington Hotel that he had been chosen as Al Smith's running mate. A huge crowd assembled downtown to hear . . . Map (db m211196) HM
14 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — An American SpaHot Springs National Park
Bathhouse Row is the historic heart of an American spa. Since the 1830s the city of Hot Springs has channeled much of its energy into becoming a national health resort. The Federal Government made “taking the waters” available to all by . . . Map (db m61775) HM
15 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Arkansas Blarney Stone
The Arkansas Blarney Stone, a 7,000 pound chunk of Arkansas sandstone, was a gift to Hot Springs from Butch Bennett of Bennett Brothers Stone Company. Butch's story of how he discovered the stone is the most fascinating part... While wandering . . . Map (db m204351) HM
16 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Babe Ruth — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Ruth trained here nine times and became a very familiar face around Hot Springs. He hiked the mountains, took the baths, played golf, patronized the casinos, and visited the racetrack. On March 17, 1918 (St. Patrick's Day), he launched a . . . Map (db m102588) HM
17 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Babe Ruth Changed Baseball ForeverMarch 17, 1918 — Hot Springs, Arkansas —
A towering shot traveled from home plate at Whittington Park into the second alligator pond at the Arkansas Alligator Farm and Petting Zoo. The distance was 573 feet.Map (db m116082) HM
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18 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Baseball in Hot Springs — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
The Boston Red Sox was one of several Major League Baseball teams who held spring practice in Hot Springs. The city also had its own professional team, the Hot Springs Bathers.Map (db m211199) HM
19 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Bathhouse RowHot Springs National Park
The buildings along Bathhouse Row are the latest stage in a succession of bathhouses. In the 1830s Hot Springs’ earliest facilities were makeshift shelters perched over individual springs. Later, elaborate Victorian bathhouses flourished along . . . Map (db m61774) HM
20 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Bathhouse Row — Hot Springs National Park —
A stroll along Bathhouse Row evokes the Golden Age of Bathing, when “taking the waters” was a fashionable form of recreation. The present structures date from 1911 to 1939. Though the same waters were piped to all the bathhouses, the owners competed . . . Map (db m211036) HM
21 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Bathhouse Row — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
The health benefits of “taking the baths” were a primary reason for baseball coming to Hot Springs. The players tended to drink heavily, and believed the hot bath regimen could “boil out” the impurities in their system. The Buckstaff, still . . . Map (db m211193) HM
22 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Bill Dickey — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Discovered while playing in Hot Springs, Arkansan Bill Dickey joined the New York Yankees in 1928. Batting .313 and slugging 202 home runs during his Hall of Fame career, he was best known for his rocket arm, fierce competitiveness, and cerebral . . . Map (db m116080) HM
23 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Buck Ewing — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Many baseball historians regard Ewing as the greatest all-around 19th century player. He came to the Army-Navy Hospital in Hot Springs in 1892, seeking medical advice for his sore throwing arm. On March 19th, after successful treatment, he hit a . . . Map (db m102685) HM
24 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Buckstaff BathhouseHot Springs National Park
From its opening the handsome Buckstaff Bathhouse aggressively promoted its image. To gain customers the owners mounted a huge sign on the roof to attract people from the large hotels a block away. Other bathhouses lost character as they modernized, . . . Map (db m61793) HM
25 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Competing Claims for Hot Springs — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
From 1832 to 1877, the Hot Springs Reservation was under federal ownership, but there was no local supervision of the land or the thermal waters. During that period, several private citizens attempted to gain title to the springs, including . . . Map (db m211136) HM
26 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Dead Chief Trail
After crossing the lower slopes of Hot Springs Mountain, this "red" trail connects with Gulpha Gorge Trail on a ridge above Gulpha Gorge Campground. The Short Cut Trail leads to the summit. Historic Exercise Trail For the next 0.2 mile . . . Map (db m145671) HM
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27 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — DeSoto Camp
This valley, long known by the Indians as "Tah-Ne-Co," "The Place of the Hot Waters" and according to tradition regarded by the different tribes as neutral ground, was first visited by white men on September 16, 1541, when Hernando De Soto . . . Map (db m170754) HM
28 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Dizzy and Daffy Dean — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Jay and Paul Dean, born in Arkansas, became the most famous brother duo in baseball history. As pitchers for the St. Louis Cardinals in 1934, they won a combined 49 games to lead the Cards to victory in the World Series. From 1932-1937, the . . . Map (db m170416) HM
29 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — First Hotel and Bath House in the Hot Springs Territory
Near this spot around the year 1790 stood the first hotel and bath house built in the Hot Springs Territory. To mark the site of the first permanent citizen, the host of this tavern, JOHN PERCIFUL, reputed to have been a revolutionary soldier. This . . . Map (db m102954) HM
30 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Fogel Field — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
This field, also known as Fordyce Field, was constructed in 1912 by the Hot Springs Park Company to meet the demand of over 250 major leaguers training in Hot Springs. Philadelphia Phillies’ owner, Horace Fogel, leased the field for his team. The . . . Map (db m189752) HM
31 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Fordyce BathhouseHot Springs National Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Inspired by the spas of Europe, Colonel Samuel Fordyce opened this Renaissance Revival bathhouse in 1915. With its copper-framed glass marquee and elegant window design, the Fordyce reflects a crowning achievement of the Golden Age of Bathing. Its . . . Map (db m61771) HM
32 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hale Bathhouse — Hot Springs National Park —
The present Hale Bathhouse was built in 1892, but drastically altered in 1914 and 1939. Its brick was covered with stucco and a red tiled roof installed so the building would harmonize better with the other buildings of Bathhouse Row. Although the . . . Map (db m211029) HM
33 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hank Aaron — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
At this field on October 1, 1952, 18-year old Hank Aaron and the Indianapolis Clowns played in one of 12 games of the Negro League World Series against the Birmingham Black Barons. During this series, Aaron batted .402 and slugged five home . . . Map (db m200757) HM
34 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Happy Hollow — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Other than the hot baths, hiking the mountain trails was the biggest reason for baseball players to train in Hot Springs. Much of the legendary stamina of pitching legends Cy Young, Walter Johnson, Babe Ruth, and Lefty Grove was forged by hiking the . . . Map (db m190715) HM
35 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Happy Hollow Spring
Spas thrive on pleasant diversions. In contrast to sedate Bathhouse Row, Happy Hollow developed a a free-wheeling carnival atmosphere. At the turn of the century, Norman Mcleod opened an amusement park in the vicinity of this cold spring and . . . Map (db m145652) HM
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36 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hiram Abiff Whittington1805-1890
Front of Obelisk Born in Boston, Mass., came to Arkansas in 1826 to be printer for the Arkansas Gazette. In 1882 he moved to Hot Springs and in a two room log cabin established a general store, post office and lending library. He served as . . . Map (db m116351) HM
37 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hollywood CemeteryEntrance presented by National Society Colonial Dames
Presented by Arkansas Col. John Washington Chapter, National Society Colonial Dames, XVII Century, honoring War Veterans, Early Pioneers, 1998Map (db m61770) HM WM
38 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Honus Wagner — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
No player left a bigger legacy in Hot Springs than "the Flying Dutchman.” He enjoyed the baths and all the activities Hot Springs had to offer, he also participated in civic functions and coached the high school basketball team. Honus played in . . . Map (db m130003) HM
39 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Horse Racing in Hot Springs — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Horse racing had its origins in the early history of Hot Springs. Farm boys brought their horses into the small settlement to race them prior to the Civil War. Formal racing began in the 1890s. The Essex and Oaklawn tracks began operations in . . . Map (db m211177) HM
40 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Action in Hot Springs — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Gambling flourished in Hot Springs for decades prior to 1967. During this time, one of the most popular establishments for gambling activity was the Southern Club, formerly located at 250 Central Avenue.Map (db m211121) HM
41 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs
After 1877 when the title to the springs was finally vested in the federal government by the Supreme Court, Congress began to take an active interest in the Hot Springs Reservation. In 1921 the Reservation officially became Hot Springs National Park.Map (db m103164) HM
42 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs' Building Boom — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Hot Springs experienced a building boom during the 1870s and 1880s. By the time of the formation of Garland County in 1873, the town had 24 commercial hotels and boarding houses with a capacity of 1,500 to 2,000 visitors per day.Map (db m211140) HM
43 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs Country Club — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Although the original clubhouse was replaced long ago, the golf course is essentially the same as when it was founded in 1898. Dozens of Baseball Hall of Fame members have played these links, including such icons as Honus Wagner and Walter . . . Map (db m200740) HM
44 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs' First Bathhouse — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Asa Thompson's bathhouse, built in 1830, is credited with being the spa's first public bathhouse. At that time, almost all visitors came in the summer. The open baths, open log cabins and sweathouses made warm weather the only practical time . . . Map (db m211094) HM
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45 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs' First White Settler — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
The first White man to settle near the hot springs was Emmanuel Prudhomme of Louisiana, who came in 1807 for reasons of his health. He bathed in the springs and lived in the temporary primitive cabins that had been built prior to his arrival.Map (db m211097) HM
46 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs Flood of 1923 — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Major floods have occurred periodically in downtown Hot Springs. The Flood of 1923 was the most severe. Torrents of water swept huge sheets of asphalt off Central Avenue. The water also shattered storefronts and carried automobiles as if they . . . Map (db m211179) HM
47 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs in 1860 — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Hot Springs' population reached 201 by 1860. At this time, there were two hotels and a number of smaller boarding houses that took care of visitors. There were seven bathhouses and some smaller pavilions on the east side of Hot Springs Creek.Map (db m211087) HM
48 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs Intracity Transit National Historic Register
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. Arkansas Historic Preservation Program. Department of Arkansas Heritage.Map (db m130032) HM
49 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs' Major Fires — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Major fires have raged through Hot Springs on three occasions. The fire of 1878 destroyed almost 100 buildings, including the major portion of the business district. The fire of 1905 destroyed 25 blocks of the city's southern section. The . . . Map (db m211170) HM
50 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs' Postwar Boom — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Following the Civil War, the number of visitors to the springs increased each year. By the early 1870s Hot Springs had gained widespread popularity across the nation as a famous health resort.Map (db m211135) HM
51 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs Railroad Improvements — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
The railroad reached Malvern in 1870, and the narrow-gauge Diamond Jo Line from there to Hot Springs was completed in 1875. The track was changed to standard gauge in 1889. This, in effect, brought intercontinental service to the city.Map (db m211166) HM
52 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs Railway Company — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
The original tracks of the Hot Springs Railway Company covered almost two miles, and its operations began in 1875 with two cars. This was the oldest continuously operating streetcar system in Arkansas. By 1893 electrically operated . . . Map (db m211154) HM
53 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs Reservation Established — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
In 1832 Congress passed a bill reserving four sections of land with the springs in the middle for future use by the United States government. This act supposedly eliminated the possibility of private ownership of land within a mile of the springs.Map (db m211046) HM
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54 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs' Resort Beginnings — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
The arrival of Josiah and Nancy Mellard in 1820 marked the beginning of the development of the village of Hot Springs into a resort. They built a double log cabin and operated their quarters as a hotel.Map (db m211117) HM
55 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs Utility Improvements — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Street numbers were assigned to locations along Central Avenue for the first time in 1878. In the same year, gaslights illuminated city streets, and electric street lights followed in 1882. The first long-distance telephone service . . . Map (db m211165) HM
56 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs, Incorporated — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Hot Springs was originally incorporated as a town prior to the Civil War. It was again incorporated in 1876, raised to a city of the second class in 1876 and to a city of the first class in 1879 when its population surpassed 5,000. By 1910 it . . . Map (db m211168) HM
57 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs: The Birthplace of Spring Baseball
Hot Spring's reputation as a health and recreation resort attracting the rich and famous was certainly true in the late 1800's and well into the 20th century. The city had fine hotels, lively nightclubs, a beautiful mountain setting, and the famous . . . Map (db m102952) HM
58 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Hot Springs: The Birthplace of Spring Baseball
Hot Springs' reputation as a health and recreation resort attracting the rich and famous was certainly true in the late 1800's and well into the 20th century. The city had fine hotels, lively nightclubs, a beautiful mountain setting, and the famous . . . Map (db m190718) HM
59 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Indian Trail
Used by George Hunter and William Dunbar Appointed by President Thomas Jefferson to make first analysis of Hot Springs waterMap (db m200742) HM
60 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Jackie Robinson — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
One of the most important events in Hot Springs history occurred where you are standing. On October 22, 1953, the legendary Jackie Robinson played an exhibition game here at Jaycee Field with Gill Hodges, Luke Easter and other fellow big . . . Map (db m200747) HM
61 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Kenji Miyazawa1896-1933
You are facing the only statue of Kenji Miyazawa outside of Japan. We are grateful to the Miyazawa family for permission to erect it here. It is our hope that you will appreciate his body of work, including the message contained in this poem, and . . . Map (db m130033) HM
62 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Lamar BathhouseHot Springs National Park
The present masonry Lamar Bathhouse, completed in 1923, has a symmetrical, California style of architecture. The large lobby contains nostalgic murals of historic landscapes, and country scenes. Art Deco stairs, signs, and lights decorated the . . . Map (db m61777) HM
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63 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Lamar Bathhouse — Hot Springs National Park —
The first Lamar opened in 1888, the final year that Georgia-born Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar (1825-1891) — a former Confederate officer, overseas ambassador for the Confederacy, and U.S. Representative and Senator for Mississippi — served as . . . Map (db m211200) HM
64 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Lefty Grove — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
From humble beginnings in Maryland's coal region, Robert "Lefty" Grove became baseball's greatest left-handed pitcher. Using his blazing fastball and fiery temperament, he won 300 Major League games (31 in 1931) and 108 International League games. . . . Map (db m167367) HM
65 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Majestic Field — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Built in 1909 as the Boston Red Sox training center, this field was also used by the Cincinnati Reds and Brooklyn Dodgers. In March 1918, during batting practice, Babe Ruth hit many home runs over the distant center field fence, predicting his . . . Map (db m200745) HM
66 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Maurice Bathhouse — Hot Springs National Park —
In 1911 the Maurice Bathhouse Company replaced an elegant but wooden Victorian building with the bathhouse you see today. The Mediterranean style masonry structure set the standard for all other bathhouses on Bathhouse Row. The building is awash . . . Map (db m211012) HM
67 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Medical Arts Building — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Construction projects undertaken during the 1920s and 1930s produced Hot Springs' most imposing structures. One of these, the completion of the Medical Arts Building, gave Hot Springs the distinction of having Arkansas' tallest building for several . . . Map (db m211053) HM
68 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Mel Ott — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
This Hall of Fame outfielder, tutored by "Mugsy" McGraw, played his entire career with the New York Giants, hitting 511 home runs. On his thirtieth birthday, March 2, 1939, in an intra-squad game here at Whittington Park, "Master Melvin" belted . . . Map (db m102764) HM
69 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — National Baptist Hotel — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail — Reported missing
Built in 1923 as the Woodmen of the Union Building, this hotel, bathhouse, and performance venue quickly became the center of African American culture in Hots Springs. It housed virtually every great Negro League player and entertainer who visited . . . Map (db m145649) HM
70 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Notable Hot Springs Visitors — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Notable individuals from all walks of life have come to Hot Springs for their health and entertainment. Among them were Andrew Carnegie, Jack Dempsey, Sam Houston, Helen Keller, Huey Long, Bat Masterson, Carrie Nation, Babe Ruth, William . . . Map (db m211198) HM
71 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Oaklawn Park — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Many of baseball's greatest players were fond of thoroughbred racing. Established in 1904, Oaklawn became a favorite destination for such baseball legends as John McGraw and Rogers Hornsby, who were particularly fond of "betting on the ponies." . . . Map (db m200738) HM
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72 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Ohio and Southern Clubs — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Most Major League players of the early 20th century had few inhibitions and many enjoyed gambling during training trips to Hot Springs. Among the most popular casinos in the city were the Southern Club, built a few doors to the right in 1893, and . . . Map (db m102678) HM
73 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Ozark BathhouseHot Springs National Park
The mission style of the Ozark Bathhouse may relate to the claim that Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto visited the hot springs. The building’s twin towers are strictly decorative. On Bathhouse Row, the Quapaw, the Fordyce, and Hale Bathhouses, . . . Map (db m61794) HM
74 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Peak Trail
The Peak Trail is a short, moderately steep route up Hot Springs Mountain. The summit has been a traditional site for observation towers. Unlike the 216-foot-high steel structure of today, the earliest wooden tower of the 1870s barely . . . Map (db m145684) HM
75 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Quapaw BathhouseHot Springs National Park
The Caddo, Quapaw, and Choctaw tribes lived in or visited the area during the 1700s and 1800s. This edifice pays homage to their lasting influence. The owners named the bathhouse for the Quapaw Indians, and incorporated an Indian head design over . . . Map (db m61795) HM
76 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Ral Springs
This spring remained open long after others were enclosed and diverted to bathhouses. It was common for the water of each hot spring to have a reputation for curing particular ailments, and the shallow water in this pool led naturally to foot . . . Map (db m145651) HM
77 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Rogers Hornsby — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
At the conclusion of his historic Hall of Fame career, Rogers "The Rajah" Hornsby returned to Hot Springs to oversee the nationally recognized baseball school. Founded here in 1933 by Ray Doan, the school prospered for years, training . . . Map (db m200756) HM
78 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Site of the Founding Convention Assemblies of God April 2-12, 1914
More than 300 persons met in the Grand Opera House, 200 Central Avenue, and formed The General Council of the Assemblies of God. From this beginning the Assemblies of God has grown to more than 66 million adherents in 252 countries, territories . . . Map (db m102765) HM
79 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Site of the State Capitol of Arkansas
Site of The State Capitol of Arkansas July 2-14-1862 When Federal troops advanced on Little Rock, Governor Henry Massie Rector moved his staff and records here. Erected by the Garland County Association of the Arkansas . . . Map (db m122573) HM
80 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — 99 — Skirmish at Farr's Mill
On July 5, 1864, a battalion of the 4th Arkansas Cavalry (U.S.) left Little Rock on a scouting mission toward Caddo Gap. They fought small bands of Confederate soldiers each day before arriving at Farr’s Mill, where Gulpha Creek hits the Ouachita . . . Map (db m170440) HM
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81 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Smoky Joe Wood — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
After training in Hot Springs in 1912, twenty-two-year-old Smoky Joe Wood compiled a 34-5 record and led the Boston Red Sox to a victory in the World Series. On March 28, 1913, Smoky pitched five scoreless innings at Whittington Park versus the . . . Map (db m102574) HM
82 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Stan Musial — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Legendary Hall of Fame Slugger Stan Musial often visited Hot Springs to prepare for one of his twenty-two stellar seasons in major league baseball. Stan would come with his St. Louis Cardinal teammates and owner August Busch to take the baths, and . . . Map (db m116048) HM
83 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — State Capitol Moves to Hot Springs — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Early in 1862 Governor Henry Rector feared that Federal troops were planning an attempt to seize Little Rock and decided to move the capitol of the state to Hot Springs. The movement of the government to Hot Springs was the highlight of the . . . Map (db m211077) HM
84 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Superior Bathhouse — Hot Springs National Park —
Compared to its elaborate neighbors, the Superior Bathhouse has a modest appearance. Its owners emphasized a therapeutic program and interior rooms where marble and brass fostered a hygienic environment. Known for “superior” service to patrons, it . . . Map (db m211033) HM
85 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Temporary State Capitol — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
The temporary state capitol was set up in 1862 in a two-story home on the site of the park opposite the Arlington Hotel. Some state records were stored in a log kitchen which was separate from the house. The kitchen was later moved and sat adjacent . . . Map (db m211072) HM
86 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — The Arlington Hotel — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
The old Arlington Hotel, located across the street on the Arlington Lawn, was the site of the infamous arrest of New York Giants manager John “Mugsy” McGraw. Apprehended by a U.S. Marshal for unlawful gambling when he was caught pitching silver . . . Map (db m211044) HM
87 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — The Arlington Hotel — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
The Arlington Hotel, designed for luxury accommodations, opened April 1, 1875. The wooden structure was three stories tall with two huge wings enclosing a large court. At the time, the Arlington was the largest hotel in Arkansas.Map (db m211144) HM
88 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — The BandstandHot Springs National Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
As you view the formal entrance to Hot Springs National Park today, several pieces of the original architectural design from the 1890s are no longer present. For example, a distinctive stone and wood pavilion called the Bandstand graced the top of . . . Map (db m145650) HM
89 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — The Eastman Hotel — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Built in 1890, the elegant, 500-room Eastman Hotel was a hub for the baseball community in the early 20th century. Here Babe Ruth flipped a coin to settle his 1921 salary dispute with the Yankees. In 1925, Walter Johnson received a hero's . . . Map (db m211010) HM
90 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — The Flynn-Doran Battle — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
Hot Springs had attained a great deal of notoriety as a gambling town by the early 1880s. In 1884 a dispute between the operators of gambling establishments ended in a shootout near here. This shootout, known as the Flynn-Doran Battle, left . . . Map (db m211188) HM
91 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — The Majestic Hotel — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
Constructed in 1902 and expanded in 1926, the Majestic was a favorite destination for several Major League teams including the renowned Boston Red Sox. The Sox trained at Majestic Field on the south end of town. As part of their training they hiked . . . Map (db m211201) HM
92 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — The Roosevelts in Hot Springs — Hot Springs Central Avenue Historic District —
President and Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt attended Hot Springs' celebration of the Arkansas centennial in 1936. Their visit brought to the city the largest crowd ever to assemble in Hot Springs. This was the first time the spa entertained a . . . Map (db m211197) HM
93 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Tufa Terrace Trail
The Tufa Terrace Trail passes historic Ral Spring and follows a fairly level path across the hillside before rejoining the Grand Promenade. From there you can stroll the Grand Promenade or descend past the Thermal Cascade to Arlington Lawn. . . . Map (db m145670) HM
94 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — U.S. Park Ranger James Alexander Cary
On March 12, 1927 U.S. Park Ranger James Alexander Cary was killed by bootleggers while patrolling on West Mountain in Hot Springs National Park. Cary was the first National Park Service Ranger to be murdered in the line of duty. His service . . . Map (db m211011) HM
95 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — Whittington Park — Hot Springs Historic Baseball Trail —
More baseball was played in the ballpark on this corner than anywhere else in Hot Springs. Built in 1894 and used until 1942. Whittington Park, later named Ben Johnson Field, was the epicenter of baseball in Hot Springs. A partial list of those who . . . Map (db m102604) HM
96 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs — "Where Fun, Frolic and Frivolity Reigns"Hot Springs National Park
Norman Evans McLeod was born in Georgia in 1853 and took an interest in photography as a teenager. After college he wandered the country, finally settling in Hot Springs in 1888. He originally created McLeod's Happy Hollow Studio near Happy . . . Map (db m220364) HM
97 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs, Hot Springs National Park — Cold Water SpringsHot Springs National Park
In addition to the hot springs for which, the park is known, there are many cold springs within the park's boundaries. The springs come from underground aquifers, which are layers of porous or fractured rock filled with water. Water in aquifers is . . . Map (db m234364) HM
98 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs, Hot Springs National Park — Imperial BathhouseHot Springs National Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The luxurious Imperial Bathhouse was built on this location in 1893, offering wealthy bathers deluxe amenities almost two decades before the opulent Maurice and Fordyce bathhouses would dominate Bathhouse Row. The red brick building was constructed . . . Map (db m234384) HM
99 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs, Hot Springs National Park — Mountain TowersHot Springs National Park
In 1877, Enoch Woolman built a wooden observation tower on Hot Springs Mountain that was 80 feet tall. The tower became a popular attraction with the public and rewarded visitors with picturesque views of the surrounding area. Sometime between 1885 . . . Map (db m234365) HM
100 Arkansas, Garland County, Hot Springs, Hot Springs National Park — Native Americans and QuarriesHot Springs National Park
Native Americans have occupied the land we now call Hot Springs National Park for well over 10,000 years. This land was part of their hunting grounds, but also offered prime quarrying sites for stone to make sharp-edged, durable tools and weapons. . . . Map (db m234367) HM

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Jun. 23, 2024