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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Independence
Independence, Texas and Vicinity
▶ Washington County (63) ▶ Austin County (37) ▶ Brazos County (27) ▶ Burleson County (23) ▶ Fayette County (48) ▶ Grimes County (33) ▶ Lee County (15) ▶ Waller County (40)
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| Outgrowth of efforts of Judge R.E.B. Baylor and others; chartered by Republic of Texas on Feb.1, 1845; opened 1846 - Baylor is the oldest University in Texas operating under original name. Until moving (1886) to Belton and Waco, Baylor was located . . . — — Map (db m157253) HM|
| Born in Massachusetts. Coming to Texas (1850) with wife, Martha Davis Clark, he was principal and second president of Baylor Female College. Mrs. Clark also taught and counseled students. Family operated dormitory on this site 20 years. Dr. . . . — — Map (db m156732) HM|
| Local legend tells of Dr. Asa Hoxey who, celebrating the Texas Declaration of Independence in 1836, moved to change the name of Coles Settlement to Independence. Actual County records show an 1835 origin for the town of Independence with C. Baker, . . . — — Map (db m156749) HM|
| Until 1840 mail was carried by private conveyance- neighbors paying expenses of young man to travel by horse to Houston and bring mail for all; 1840 brought two stage routes giving weekly service. Postal service authorized in 1843; Moses Johnson . . . — — Map (db m156788) HM|
| The Independence Historical Society moved the Coles Cabin and Independence Log House buildings to this site to ensure their preservation.
"Walking through the house, we can visualize Coles (with his spectacles on his forehead) conducting . . . — — Map (db m157275) HM|
| A native of North Carolina, John Prince Coles brought his family to Texas in 1821 with Stephen F. Austin's "Old Three Hundred" colonists. Arriving in present Washington County on New Year's Day in 1822, Coles received a Mexican land grant . . . — — Map (db m156743) HM|
| Under a charter issued in 1845 by the Republic of Texas, Baylor University was established on this site and operated here until its removal to Waco and Belton in 1886. Afterward the site was bought by John Thomas Hairston (1835-1918), a . . . — — Map (db m156738) HM|
| Although private schools were in operation in Independence as early as 1835, tax-supported public schools were not established until the 1870s. In September 1870, the County Court ordered that each of the five precincts in the County be divided . . . — — Map (db m156811) HM|
| Co. I Fifth Texas Infantry Regt., Army of Northern Virginia, was raised here Aug. 1861, as "The Texas Aides" by Capt. J.B. Robertson.
Unit fought in many battles of Civil War - Gaines Mill, Second Manassas, Antietam, Gettysburg, Chickamauga . . . — — Map (db m156792) HM|
| Renowned educators; family of the Rev. Abner Davis, founder (1827) of Shurtleff College, Alton, Ill.
A daughter, Martha (d. 1896), joined the Baylor Female College staff with her husband, Horace Clark, in 1851. Baylor in a few . . . — — Map (db m156735) HM|
| On this site stood the Female Department of Baylor University Incorporated under the laws of the Republic of Texas February 1, 1845 Henry L. Graves, first president, was elected January 12, 1846 Preparatory Department for boys and girls was . . . — — Map (db m157227) HM|