By the 20th century, iron furnaces like these belonged to the past. The growing cost of transporting raw materials and finished products to and from rural furnaces reduced profits. The forest, the source of wood for charcoal fuel, had been . . . — — Map (db m90827) HM
The iron furnaces at Greenwood dominated this otherwise rural landscape. Beginning in 1834, and for most of 70 years, one or both of the two furnaces located here brightened the night with a fiery, multi-colored glow. For miles around, . . . — — Map (db m90822) HM
Before the age of railroads, the basic ingredients of iron production needed to be nearby. That explains why furnaces were built in rural settings surrounded by the necessary raw materials.
A source of iron ore was essential.
As the . . . — — Map (db m90813) HM
This large building was the transportation hub of the Furnace Community This large building was built about 1867 to house the blacksmith shop and wagon shop. The company owned over 140 horses and mules, which were brought here to be shoed. The . . . — — Map (db m90973) HM
The ironmaking process was well-known and cold-blast furnaces built in 18th and 19th century America mimicked designs first used 400 years earlier. A thick stone furnace, shaped like a flat-topped pyramid, served as the place of transformation, . . . — — Map (db m90816) HM
Built about 1837 to supply iron to Freedom Forge near Lewistown. Restored stack, the Church, Big House, and store common to iron making communities remain. Works closed 1904, the last to operate in this region. — — Map (db m90809) HM
Known to the workers as "The Big House"
This stone house, although large and well appointed, is quite modest when compared to what we perceive as a mansion. The workers called it "The Big House," because it was larger and more showy . . . — — Map (db m176993) HM
A defense against the Indians-Built in 1778 near this spot by William McAlevy 1728-1822.
A pioneer settler, French and Indian War 1758. A Colonel in the American Revolution, one of five trustees appointed by the General Assembly 1787 to act for the . . . — — Map (db m91027) HM
Dedicated in 1867 "To the Worship of God in Your Own Way."
The early 19th century was a time of great religious fervor, when evangelistic and missionary efforts made strides to increase church membership. At the forefront of the . . . — — Map (db m176980) HM
Look carefully! From April to October, you might spot Pennsylvania’s most common water snake. The non-venomous northern water snake likes to be close to water and good hiding places, like rocks, logs, and brush piles.
The northern water snake can . . . — — Map (db m90812)
Railroads needed the high quality cast iron produced here. Although hard and brittle, it could withstand great weight. Shipped to Freedom Iron Works, the parent plant 12 miles away, Greenwood Works’ cast iron became locomotive tires, railroad . . . — — Map (db m90828) HM
The company store, built in 1833, was the nearest source of basic goods for the furnace resident. The store was under the able direction of the bookkeeper, with one or more clerks behind the counter. A wide variety of products were sold in the . . . — — Map (db m176991) HM
It took hundreds of workers to produce iron, although only a few actually worked at the furnace. Fillers dumped carts of ore, charcoal and limestone into the seething tunnel head. The founder, assisted by a keeper, ordered . . . — — Map (db m90815) HM
In 1701, here, John Scull operated a trading post. He was the first known Englishman to visit the Indian village of "Shamokin" and was here as late as 1729. On October 17, 1750 Thomas and Richard Penn executed a deed for this land, including in . . . — — Map (db m14403) HM
Line Mountain, established 8/22/1749 by treaty negotiated by Conrad Weiser and Canassatego, Chief of the Onondaga Indians, extended from the Susquehanna to the Delaware River, and was the northern boundary of the province of PA. for almost 20 years. . . . — — Map (db m14402) HM
The Indian Ambassadors Road turned east near here over the hills to the Tulpehocken Valley. Used by Iroquois chiefs from Onondaga, now Syracuse, carrying peace wampum from the "Fire that Never Dies" to Philadelphia. Often traveled by Shickellamy. — — Map (db m14405) HM