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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Jefferson, Texas
Jefferson is in Cass County
► Cass County (7) ► Bowie County (16) ► Marion County (42) ► Morris County (14) ► Miller County, Arkansas (5) ► Caddo Parish, Louisiana (164)
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| Alabama physician. Came to Texas, 1847. Served Cass County in Texas House and Senate for 24 years. Was called the Ablest Parliamentarian of his time.
Served as one of the Speakers of Texas House of Representatives in critical Civil War years, . . . — — Map (db m160772) HM|
|Old home of Jefferson "Jimplecute" and other newspapers, and the Chesterfield Social Club. Now Brown Building.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark — — Map (db m119833) HM|
|This ornate, two-story, stick Victorian residence was built in 1888 by lumberman George Washington Brown (1854-1932), who later became involved in the oil and gas business. In 1928 Harrison County farmer John Griffin Bender (1871-1938), later . . . — — Map (db m96042) HM|
|William Perry was among the first settlers of Jefferson, arriving ca. 1840. Through his shipping business and his work in dredging a turning basin for ships in the Big Cypress Bayou, he played a significant role in the early growth and development . . . — — Map (db m110961) HM|
|About 2 miles to the southwest, the meat plant of J. B. Dunn dressed, packed and shipped beef, pork and mutton to the Confederate army. In 1861 began by packing 150 beeves a day. Well located, on the Cypress Bayou shipping route, with cattle in . . . — — Map (db m120472) HM|
|Built in the late 1850s, this building first housed the Jefferson Masonic Lodge.
A number of businesses were located here during the Civil War, and later it was used by the Knights and Ladies of Honor of Myrtle and the Knights of Honor of . . . — — Map (db m110994) HM|
|Oldest hotel in East Texas. Frame part built in 1850’s; brick wing added 1864. Among famous guests during river port days of Jefferson were presidents Grant and Hayes, and poet Oscar Wilde.
Restored 1961-63 by Jessie Allen Wise Garden Club. . . . — — Map (db m110989) HM|
| Site of the First Ice Factory In TexasEstablished by Boyle and Scott about 1875. Sold ice at ten cents per pound, B.J. Benefield delivered it. The plant was later moved to Harrisburg. — — Map (db m127849) HM|
|Jefferson Gas Light Company, chartered 1870 for public and domestic service, used retorts--7 foot iron drums with small necks--to make illuminating gas. (One retort stood on this site.) Loaded with pine knots and rich pine wood, a retort was heated; . . . — — Map (db m110963) HM|
|This parish began in 1863 when Father Jean Marie Giraud held mass for Catholic residents of Jefferson. Immaculate Conception grew as a church and by 1867, members completed the first building. In 1869, the church opened a school and the next year . . . — — Map (db m119834) HM|
|Built in 1888 by the American Car & Foundry Company of St. Charles, Missouri, this was the private railway car of Jay Gould (1836-1892). A native of New York, Gould was a noted financier and the owner of numerous railroad companies, including the . . . — — Map (db m110969) HM|
|Home to the Caddo Indians for centuries, this area of Texas attracted Anglo-American colonists to settle here in the early 1800s. Founded in 1839, Jefferson developed along a double-grid pattern. Daniel Nelson Alley platted the townsite in a true . . . — — Map (db m110954) HM|
| Founded 1843. Named for President Thomas Jefferson. Chief river Port of Texas, 1846-1870.
This prosperous Ante-bellum city became a Confederate Quartermaster Depot; Produced boots, shoes, iron goods, preserved meats for Army. Nearby oil field . . . — — Map (db m160766) HM|
|Metropolis of commerce and culture for East Texas, Jefferson became important center for Confederate activity. Major quartermaster depot for northern Texas established 1862 supplied clothing and camp equipment. Cotton Bureau Station set up to buy . . . — — Map (db m110991) HM|
Built 1907 by local funds plus a gift from Andrew Carnegie Foundation – one of 34 such grants made in Texas (where the movement for public libraries had begun in 1881).
A center of interest in a culture-loving town. . . . — — Map (db m123271) HM|
|Wide, deep lagoon in Cypress Bayou, used for turning around ships in Gulf-Red River trade.
First steamer to reach here was the "Lama" in 1844, by way of Red River, which for 200 miles above Shreveport was clogged by a "raft" of debris that had . . . — — Map (db m119554) HM|
|Born in Alabama. Joined W. P. Lane Rangers, C.S.A., 1861; was discharged 1865, rank of farrier.
Served as sheriff-tax collector for Marion County, 1874-1876.
In April, 1877, sent as agent of the state of Texas to bring Abe Rothschild back . . . — — Map (db m95672) HM|
|Built during the early 1860s, this structure served as a boarding house and as a mercantile before opening as the Kahn Saloon about 1900. Temperance movement leader Carrie Nation was denied entrance here during one of her campaigns through Texas. . . . — — Map (db m119820) HM|
|Established in 1845. Named
in honor of Thomas Jefferson
Author of the Declaration
of Independence of the
Early navigation headquarters on Cypress Bayou. County seat of Marion County since 1860. . . . — — Map (db m110996) HM|
Lest We Forget
In Memory of
1861—1865 — — Map (db m120408) WM|
|The Texas Legislature created Marion County in 1860. Jefferson, established as early as 1841, was chosen as county seat. By 1860, Jefferson was a regional economic center for steamboat traffic on Big Cypress Bayou, navigable due to a logjam on the . . . — — Map (db m110949) HM|
|This roadside park was constructed by the National Youth Administration (NYA) with the support of President Roosevelt’s Works Progress Administration (WPA) during the Great Depression. Development began in 1935, after the Mary Louise Hussey family . . . — — Map (db m110956) HM|
|This machine was used by the Jefferson Jimplecute to make newspaper printing plates until the early 1970’s. This “hot type” machine actually melted lead that was then cast into strips of lead type that were locked into place on the . . . — — Map (db m110995) HM|
|Brothers John C. Murphy (1816-71) and James M. Murphy (b. 1820) of Tennessee came to Jefferson, Texas, in 1850. They owned a wholesale cotton firm and were prominent businessmen. In the early 1850s they built this structure as a warehouse in the . . . — — Map (db m110985) HM|
Used 1890-1964 by court of Eastern District of Texas. Now a museum.
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark–1966 — — Map (db m110997) HM|
|Near Trammel's Trace, a road charted 1813, used by thousands of settlers migrating to Texas. Site was owned 1868 by D. B. Culberson, later a congressman and a lawyer for defense in the Diamond Bessie murder trial. Culberson's 2-story building here . . . — — Map (db m119832) HM|
|Native of Tennessee, participant in United States war with Mexico, Texas businessman, colonel of the 19th Texas Confederate Infantry, commended for gallantry at Milliken's Bend during Vicksburg Campaign, fought at Mansfield and Pleasant Hill during . . . — — Map (db m95673) HM|
| This site began as the family burial ground for Sofia Smith Whatley and her descendants. A South Carolina native, Whatley moved from Alabama with her son, Miles Jefferson, shortly after her husband, Martin, died in 1875. She came to this area to . . . — — Map (db m160764) HM|
|Born in Virginia. Came to Texas 1843. During Civil War, served in famous Hood's Texas Brigade. At Chickamauga, took command after Gen. Hood was shot. In 1864-1865, fought west of the Mississippi with Lane's Partisan Rangers.
After war, was in . . . — — Map (db m119557) HM|
|Settling in Jefferson prior to the Civil War, Jacob and Ernestine Sterne became prominent leaders of the community. Their early management of the post office here and their involvement in civic and cultural activities reflected the dramatic . . . — — Map (db m110965) HM|
|Builders completed this house for Frank Stilley, a cotton broker from Louisiana, and his wife Minerva Fox Stilley shortly after they married in 1860. They owned the house until the early 1880s. By 1885, former slave Charlie Young purchased the home. . . . — — Map (db m58480) HM|
|Remembered for his many songs and hymns, including “This Ole House,” “Until Then,” & “It Is No Secret (What God Can Do).” Born in nearby Kellyville, TX, Marion County, Oct. 20, 1908. Died in Los Angeles, CA, . . . — — Map (db m151688) HM|
One of Texas' most forceful leaders; 32 years in office as attorney general, governor, U.S. Senator.
Born in Alabama; in childhood moved with parents to Texas. Lived in Jefferson 1861-1887. Was educated Virginia Military Institute, . . . — — Map (db m110950) HM|
| Built 1860 with kitchen detached, in custom of Old South. Represents cottage type. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - 1966 Entered in the National Register of Historical Places 1970 — — Map (db m180152) HM|
|Built 1872 in Victorian style, with long galleries, bay window, 4 gables. Then a hotel, it became famous when guest "Diamond Bessie" Moore was killed west of town at a picnic in 1877. Fellow guest Abe Rothchild, cited for murder, was freed after . . . — — Map (db m119835) HM|
| Capt. George Todd (1839-1913) was a Confederate veteran, ex-district attorney, former state legislator, and senior member of East Texas Bar. He built this home in 1893 for his family: wife Marion (Miller); sons Van Dyke, A. Miller, . . . — — Map (db m119560) HM|
|William P. Torrans (1818-1881) built this Greek revival structure on Lafayette Street in the 1860s. It was purchased in 1877 by druggist E. W. Taylor (b. 1838), a former mayor of Jefferson, and Anna Matilda Clopton . . . — — Map (db m119841) HM|
|Traces began as foot paths used by the Indians to mark their trails through wilderness areas. They later were used by surveyors in mapping early land grants.
In 1824 Nicholas Trammel (1780-1852), a government scout, began opening up the trace that . . . — — Map (db m110958) HM|
|Born in Jefferson, Vernon Dalhart (Marion Try Slaughter II) began his career here at Kahn Saloon, starred later in operas in New York, and recorded for Edison's talking machine. His rendition of "The Prisoner's Song" (1924) was the first folk ballad . . . — — Map (db m119818) HM|
| The original two rooms of this house, located in the back, are believed to have been built before 1852 by Jefferson's founder Allen Urquhart (1792-1866). Three rooms, constructed in the front, were joined to the earlier structure by William Clark . . . — — Map (db m180157) HM|