“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Keyser, West Virginia

Clickable Map of Mineral County, West Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Mineral County, WV (65) Grant County, WV (32) Hampshire County, WV (72) Hardy County, WV (43) Allegany County, MD (281) Garrett County, MD (133)  MineralCounty(65) Mineral County (65)  GrantCounty(32) Grant County (32)  HampshireCounty(72) Hampshire County (72)  HardyCounty(43) Hardy County (43)  AlleganyCountyMaryland(281) Allegany County (281)  GarrettCounty(133) Garrett County (133)
Keyser is the county seat for Mineral County
Keyser is in Mineral County
      Mineral County (65)  
      Grant County (32)  
      Hampshire County (72)  
      Hardy County (43)  
      Allegany County, Maryland (281)  
      Garrett County, Maryland (133)  
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1West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 15 — Armstrong MansionKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Armstrong Mansion (also known as the Davis Mansion). The Armstrong family left Keyser because of Southern ties. This home was used by the Union Army during the Civil War. It was later sold to Thomas Davis. Two of Keyser's streets were . . . Map (db m152790) HM
2West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 7 — Blacksmith ShopKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Located near the bridge that crosses New Creek on Armstrong Street.Map (db m196555) HM
3West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 1 — Cannon RoadKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Can be seen angling across the mountain at the spillway near the filtration plant at south end of Water Street.Map (db m196546) HM
4West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 19 — Carskadon MansionKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Notable because Thomas R. Carskadon was a Vice-Presidential Candidate in 1892. He was considered radical because of his modern ideas on farming, politics, his inventions and life in general. His home had plumbing and conveniences ahead of the . . . Map (db m196550) HM
5West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 9 — CourthouseKeyser Historical Walking Trail
WV became a border state in 1863 when it separated from Virginia. The Mineral County Courthouse was completed in 1868 after Mineral County was created from Hampshire County. This area around the Court House became the Town Square. The Court House is . . . Map (db m152821) HM
6West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 10 — Courthouse SquareKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Old Union Blacksmith Shop on East Street was on this Square, as well as a second one located at 107 West Street. The first school building built for white children stood where the Magistrate Court Annex is now located on West Street. About 1870 a . . . Map (db m152820) HM
7West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — D-DayJune 6, 1944
You will enter the Continent of Europe and…undertake operations aimed at the heart of Germany and the destruction of her armed forces. Mission statement to General Eisenhower
The Germans had . . . Map (db m152801) HM
8West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Encircling the Nazi War Machine & German CapitulationApril - May 1945
The final defeat of the enemy, which we had long calculated would be accomplished in the spring and summer campaign of 1945, was suddenly, now, just around the corner. General Dwight D. Eisenhower
. . . Map (db m152819) HM
9West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 16 — Former Keyser High SchoolKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Former Keyser High School Was built near the site of the Armstrong/Davis Mansion. During the Civil War, a confederate soldier was buried on the grounds of the Armstrong Mansion to keep his body from lying in the street.Map (db m152791) HM
10West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Fort FullerDefending New Creek Station
You are standing at the site of Fort Fuller (also called Fort Kelley), overlooking the Potomac River Valley ahead of you and the New Creek Valley behind you. On August 4, 1864, Confederate Gen. John McCausland attacked the fort from your right, . . . Map (db m180048) HM
11West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Fort Fuller / Capture of New Creek
Fort Fuller. Built in 1862 as a Union defensive fortification to guard the railroad and New Creek. It was threatened on August 4, 1864, when Confederate Gen. John McCausland's cavalry rode on town. Fighting with Union troops began on outskirts . . . Map (db m152788) HM
12West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 2 — Fort PianoKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Between Cross and First Streets, looking across New Creek and up about 100 yards were the trenches of Fort Piano where cannons were positioned. Now overgrown, was still visible in 1980.Map (db m196545) HM
13West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — FullerPotomac State College — Catamount Statue —
Named in honor of the Union fortification -Fort Fuller- which stood on the grounds of the college campus during the Civil War 1861 - 1865Map (db m182740) HM
14West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 14 — Historical Marker near Post OfficeKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Explains Keyser changed hands 14 times during the Civil War (although the South only held it once for a period of 5 hours in 1864). The other side explains it was a training and staging area for Averill's Rangers, with troops deployed from here.Map (db m152789) HM
15West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 20 — Historical MarkersKeyser Historical Walking Trail
As you enter Keyser on Route 220 from the South, on the east side, gives same information as the historical marker near the Post Office. Carskadon Mansion Marker is on the walking trail.Map (db m196547)
16West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 11 — Janes ChurchKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Oldest church building in Keyser, located on Church Street, built in 1876. It is an active, historically African American United Methodist Church today.Map (db m196537) HM
17West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Jonah E. Kelley Memorial Bridge
World War II Congressional Medal of Honor recipientMap (db m196553) WM
18West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Jonah Edward Kelley
Born in Keyser, West Virginia Jonah Edward Kelley April 13, 1923 - January 31, 1945Map (db m152810) WM
19West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Kelley Memorial PlazaJonah Edward Kelley
This Memorial is to pay tribute to Keyser's Medal of Honor recipient Jonah Edward Kelley. Born and raised in this area, Ed Kelley represented the best of West Virginia—character, values, hard work and sheer determination to do what's . . . Map (db m152792) HM
20West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Key TerrainDecember 1944
Two Armies, two objectives, one piece of ground... Kesternich
The Allied Army While Berlin was the political heart of Germany, the Ruhr Industrial Valley — with its coal mines, blast furnaces, . . . Map (db m152803) HM
21West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Keyser / Averell’s Raid
Keyser. Between 1861–1865, Keyser, then New Creek, was sought by the North and South. It changed hands fourteen times. Fort Fuller, where Potomac State Collect stands, was supported by a series of forts girding the town. Averell’s . . . Map (db m32832) HM
22West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Keyser / Averell’s Raid
Keyser. Between 1861–1865, Keyser, then New Creek, was sought by the North and South. It changed hands fourteen times. Fort Fuller, where Potomac State Collect stands, was supported by a series of forts girding the town. Averell’s . . . Map (db m32836) HM
23West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Lest We Forget
World War II Baker, Kenneth W. Barr, Woodrow W. Barrick, Robert E. Becker, Eugene W. Bowers, Eldon Broome, Earnest K. Byford, Walter Carr, Paul R. Chucci, Nicholas Coffman, Ralph S. Compton, Donald R. Davis, Leroy . . . Map (db m139062) WM
24West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 12 — Lincoln SchoolKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Located beside Janes Church Fellowship Hall, the first African American grade school in Keyser, which was in use until 1957.Map (db m196502) HM
25West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 13 — Mt. Hope Presbyterian Church & CemeteryKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Located at the top of the Cliffs on Overton Place. During the Civil War, a 9 pound cannon was placed on the large rock facing South, up the New Creek Valley. Standing where Fort Piano can be seen to the left, Fort Fuller (Fort Kelly) to the right . . . Map (db m196519) HM
26West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 8 — New Creek StationKeyser Historical Walking Trail
The Baltimore and Ohio, (B & O), trains stopped at New Creek Station, as Keyser was known during the Civil War. The first Depot was across the tracks from and near Southern States store. Passengers could stop over, enjoy meals and stay in the New . . . Map (db m196554) HM
27West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Potomac State College
Chartered, Feb. 15, 1901, as Keyser Preparatory Branch of West Virginia University. Became Potomac State School, 1921; Potomac State School of West Virginia University, 1935; Potomac State (junior) College, West Virginia University, 1953.Map (db m36837) HM
28West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Regaining the Initiative
The Rhineland Campaign, January 1945 If I were asked what campaign in the war brought me the greatest professional pride, I would point unhesitatingly to this one. General Omar Bradley, Commander, 12th Army . . . Map (db m152808) HM
29West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 4 — Tannery and Shoe FactoryKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Located on Willow Avenue in the mid-1800's, destroyed during Civil War.Map (db m196538) HM
30West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 3 — Taylor HomeKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Built in 1852, occupies the site at the end of Hughes Street on Willow Avenue. Original four room log structure, home of Tannery Superintendent, has modern additions.Map (db m196539) HM
31West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — The Aftermath of Kesternich / Germans Retreat
The Aftermath of Kesternich February, 1945 The reason for fighting over Kesternich was so fierce became evident upon Ed Kelley's death and the final taking of the town — US artillery observers found they could direct observed fire on . . . Map (db m152815) HM
32West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — The Battle for KesternichJanuary 30 - 31, 1945
"No battle has ever been fought that tried harder the souls of men than this battle for Kesternich" Official History of the 78th Division
For the US, the task was "the most vital at that time on the entire . . . Map (db m152813) HM
33West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — The Battle of the BulgeThe largest battle in US history — December 16, 1944 - January 25, 1945 —
Hitler had decided to make one final attempt for victory, using his best SS troops — the ones with the highest moral — to cut the Allied forces in two. He chose the Ardennes Forest, knowing US Forces would not expect an attack there. . . . Map (db m152807) HM
34West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — The Bridge at Remagen
"The whole Allied force is delighted to cheer the U.S. First Army whose speed and boldness have won the race to establish our first bridgehead over the Rhine. Please tell all ranks how proud I am." Eisenhower
. . . Map (db m152816) HM
35West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — The Bridge at Remagen"Worth its weight in gold" — Lieutenant General, Walter Smith —
"Rounding the bend in the road, he emerged from the woods and found himself confronted by a breath-taking view - - the prize no man dared hope for - - the Ludendorff Bridge, still intact, spanning the Rhine." This is how Ken Heckler military . . . Map (db m152817) HM
36West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — The Bridge at RemagenMarch 7, 1945 — "The most expensive real estate in the world" —
When the Germans tried to frantically reset the charges, American assertiveness took over. The on-scene commander, LT Timmerman began to send his men up onto the Bridge. He followed, right behind the first few men. One soldier, Joe DeLisio, moved . . . Map (db m152818) HM
37West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — The First Battle of KesternichDecember 13-16, 1944
Ghostly, almost supernatural, Kesternich was beginning to acquire legend. There was no hope, just death lurking in every shadow, every hollow, every house. Official History of the 78th Division
. . . Map (db m152804) HM
38West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — The Medal of HonorStaff Sergeant Jonah "Ed" Kelly
"Single handedly, Kelley shortened the war in Germany by several months." General Dwight David Eisenhower
In charge of the leading squad of Company E, he heroically spearheaded the attack in . . . Map (db m152812) HM
39West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — 17 — Thomas McCoole HomeKeyser Historical Walking Trail
Located on West Piedmont Street, built soon after the Civil War. This was the training grounds of the Paddytown Battalion and Union troops whose tents were located in this end of town.Map (db m153159) HM
40West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Thomas R. Carskadon
Born in Hampshire County in 1837, the son of a slave owner, he fled Virginia after secession but was elected the youngest member of the Constitutional Convention in 1861. He later served as US assessor, a presidential elector for Grant and Hayes, . . . Map (db m196549) HM
41West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Veterans Memorial
In memory of Killed In Action Joseph W. Boyce, July 21,1918 • James J. Argiroplis, August 15,1918 • William M. Houser, August 28,1918 For God and CountryMap (db m180080) WM
42West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — Washington’s Host
At Reese’s Mill, ruins of the home of Abraham Johnson, who entertained George Washington and surveying party in 1748. Johnson appeared in Patterson Creek Valley between 1735 and 1740 and in 1750 became an official of the Ohio Company.Map (db m94023) HM
43West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — West Virginia (Mineral County) / Maryland
West Virginia (Mineral County) "The Mountain State"—western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and French during . . . Map (db m139061) HM
44West Virginia (Mineral County), Keyser — World War IIEvents of 1938 - 1944
1938: Hitler annexes Austria, occupies Czechoslovakia 1939: Germans Blitzkrieg of Poland, Russia invades Finland 1940: Germany seizes, Denmark, Norway, France, Balkans 1941: Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. Germany invades Russia. . . . Map (db m152795) HM
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Aug. 10, 2022