“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
144 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed. The final 44 ⊳

Historical Markers and War Memorials in Leesburg, Virginia

Clickable Map of Loudoun County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Loudoun County, VA (308) Clarke County, VA (73) Fairfax County, VA (683) Fauquier County, VA (116) Prince William County, VA (643) Frederick County, MD (523) Montgomery County, MD (691) Washington County, MD (858) Jefferson County, WV (347)  LoudounCounty(308) Loudoun County (308)  ClarkeCounty(73) Clarke County (73)  FairfaxCounty(683) Fairfax County (683)  FauquierCounty(116) Fauquier County (116)  PrinceWilliamCounty(643) Prince William County (643)  FrederickCountyMaryland(523) Frederick County (523)  MontgomeryCounty(691) Montgomery County (691)  WashingtonCounty(858) Washington County (858)  JeffersonCountyWest Virginia(347) Jefferson County (347)
Leesburg is the county seat for Loudoun County
Leesburg is in Loudoun County
      Loudoun County (308)  
      Clarke County (73)  
      Fairfax County (683)  
      Fauquier County (116)  
      Prince William County (643)  
      Frederick County, Maryland (523)  
      Montgomery County, Maryland (691)  
      Washington County, Maryland (858)  
      Jefferson County, West Virginia (347)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 13 Pounder "James Rifle"
• One cannon manned by Battery B, 1st Rhode Island Field Artillery at Ball's Bluff • Commanded by Lieutenant Walter Bramhall • Model 1841 six pounder smooth bore cannon modified with rifling to fire James system rounds meant to extend . . . Map (db m168067) HM
2Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 15th Massachusetts Infantry
The 15th Massachusetts Infantry provided an initial scouting patrol on the night of October 20 and the troops for the raiding party the next morning. Five companies, roughly 300 men, were to attack a Confederate camp. Devens positioned his men . . . Map (db m2223) HM
3Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 15th Massachusetts Infantry
The 15th Massachusetts Infantry led the Federal advance at Ball's Bluff. Rebuffed in the morning's fight, the 15th fell back to the small field that existed here in 1861. Private Rowland E. Bowen of the 15th Massachusetts described the action . . . Map (db m168070) HM
4Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 17th Mississippi Infantry
The 17th Mississippi Infantry was the last Confederate unit to arrive on the field. These 600-700 fresh troops showed up late in the afternoon and tipped the balance of what had been a hard but evenly fought contest up to that point. The . . . Map (db m157213) HM
5Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from the victory at the Second Battle of Manassas General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 1-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . Map (db m1110) HM
6Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . Map (db m1220) HM
7Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 18th Mississippi Infantry
The 18th Mississippi Infantry was sent from nearby Edward's Ferry and arrived near here around 3:00 p.m. Colonel Erasmus Burt ordered his men forward across the then open field unknowingly into a deadly crossfire between the two wings of the Union . . . Map (db m157214) HM
8Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 18th Mississippi Infantry
The 18th Mississippi Infantry was sent from nearby Edward's Ferry and arrived at the battlefield at two-thirty [p.m.]. Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Griffin of the 18th Mississippi described the situation: "Taking a position on the right of the 8th . . . Map (db m168046) HM
9Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 1st California Regiment
The 1st California was one of four regiments that made up the “California Brigade” commanded by Colonel Edward D. Baker, U.S. Senator from Oregon and close friend of President Lincoln. In April, 1861, Baker helped to organize what was . . . Map (db m2230) HM
10Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 20th Massachusetts Infantry
Companies D and I of the 20th Massachusetts (the “Harvard Regiment”) followed the 15th Massachusetts across the Potomac with orders to serve as a rear guard and cover the withdrawal of the 15th Massachusetts following what was hoped . . . Map (db m157271) HM
11Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 20th Massachusetts Infantry
The 20th Massachusetts Infantry followed the 15th Massachusetts across the Patomac River. Acting initially as rear guard, the 10th occupied this area throughout the day. Among the ranks of the 20th was Lieutenant Henry L. Abbott who described the . . . Map (db m168057) HM
12Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 42nd New York Infantry
The 42nd New York (“Tammany Regiment”) was commanded by Col. Milton Cogswell, the only West Point-trained officer among the senior Union commanders at Ball’s Bluff. Five companies of the 42nd participated in the battle. With the death . . . Map (db m157216) HM
13Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 7 Loudoun Street Southeast
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior circa 1790 Map (db m143135) HM
14Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 8th Virginia Infantry
The 8th Virginia Infantry was a local unit made up of six companies from Loudoun, two from Fauquier, and one each from Fairfax and Prince William counties. Commanded by Colonel Eppa Hunton, the Regiment arrived on the field about 12:30 p.m. . . . Map (db m2211) HM
15Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 8th Virginia Infantry
Colonel Eppa Hunton, commanding the 8th Virginia Infantry from Loudoun County and other areas of Northern Virginia, arrived at Ball's Bluff at about one p.m. Deploying here at the edge of a small field, Hunton's 8th Virginia joined in the battle. . . . Map (db m168073) HM
16Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment
This monument is dedicated to the brave men of the 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment The 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was organized into State Service May 8th, 1861 in Leesburg under the command of Colonel Eppa Hunton. These . . . Map (db m85501) WM
17Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — A Divided America, A Divided Loudoun County
On April 12, 1861, the storm clouds of war erupted over a divided America with the firing on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Just as America was divided in 1861, so was Virginia. Virginia's western half would form a separate . . . Map (db m168035) HM
18Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — A Divided America, A Divided Loudoun County
On April 12, 1861, with the firing on Fort Sumter, America went to war with itself. Just as the country was divided, so were Virginia and Loudoun County. The western portion of Virginia became the separate state of West Virginia in 1863. Here in . . . Map (db m168049) HM
19Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . Map (db m185502) HM
20Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — A Serious Business
Morven Park is in Virginia's Piedmont—literally, the "foot of the mountain"—an area of gently rolling hills and fertile soil perfectly suited to farming. The region attracted Westmoreland Davis, a lawyer-turned-farmer brimming with . . . Map (db m130065) HM
21Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Additional Area Civil War Sites
1. Sugarloaf Mountain - This was the site of a Union Signal Corps station that remained in operation throughout much of the war. 2. White's Ferry - Originally called Conrad's Ferry, this crossing was established in 1817 about four miles . . . Map (db m27839) HM
22Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Aftermath of Ball’s Bluff
Ball’s Bluff is the only battlefield on which a United States senator was killed in combat. Edward Dickinson Baker, senator from Oregon, was also a colonel and one of Brig. Gen. Charles Stone’s three brigade commanders. Baker was a long-time friend . . . Map (db m168045) HM
23Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Aftermath of Ball's Bluff
Among the Union casualties here at Ball's Bluff was U.S. Senator, Colonel Edward D. Baker, boyhood friend of Abraham Lincoln. Baker was a former Congressman from Illinois, a brilliant lawyer and orator, veteran of the Mexican War and sitting U.S. . . . Map (db m168038) HM
24Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff Masked Battery…held to the bluff without room to retire.
Two hundred yards to your right are the remains of a small earthwork that may have been part of a masked (concealed) battery which played an important role in the Battle of Ball’s Bluff on October 21, 1861. The battery commanded the road from . . . Map (db m156304) HM
25Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-51 — Ball’s Bluff Masked Battery
Nearby is the likely site of the Confederate “masked battery” (concealed artillery) that was an object of Federal concern early in the Civil War. On 21 Oct. 1861, elements of the 13th Mississippi infantry near there engaged 35 horsemen . . . Map (db m167611) HM
26Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff National Cemetery
The twenty-five graves here in one of America’s smallest national cemeteries contain the partial remains of 54 Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861. All are unidentified except Pvt. James Allen of Northbridge, . . . Map (db m194381) HM
27Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff Overlook
Ball's Bluff is a 600 yard long shale and sandstone cliff. It rises up a shallow bell curve from two ravines approximately 300 yards north and south of where you are standing. At this point, it is about 100 feet high, though just to the north (left) . . . Map (db m150419) HM
28Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball's Bluff National Cemetery
The 25 graves here in America's third smallest national cemetery contain the partial remains of 54 Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Ball's Bluff, October 21, 1861. All are unidentified except Pvt. James Allen of Northbridge, Massachusetts, . . . Map (db m168050) HM
29Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball's Bluff National Cemetery
Battle of Ball's Bluff On October 20, 1861, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, commander of the Army of the Potomac, ordered Brig. Gen. Charles P. Stone to scout Confederate forces on the Virginia side of the Potomac River near . . . Map (db m168053) HM
30Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-1 — Battle of Ball’s Bluff
One mile east occurred the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861. A Union force, which had crossed the river at this point, was driven back over it by the Confederates.Map (db m985) HM
31Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861
The Battle of Ball’s Bluff was the result of a mistake. The previous evening, Capt. Chase Philbrick, Co. H, 15th Massachusetts, led a small reconnaissance patrol across the river to determine the results of some earlier Confederate troop movements. . . . Map (db m157576) HM
32Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battle of Balls BluffOctober 21, 1861
6 AM - After crossing the river, the 15 MA (Colonel Devens) advanced to the area near the Jackson house, leaving the 20 MA (Colonel Lee) on the bluff to guard the exit path to the river. 8 AM - Captain Duff's (17 MS) Company ran into . . . Map (db m27590) HM
33Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-1 — Battle of Ball's Bluff
Just to the east, 1,700 Union troops crossed the Potomac River and clashed with 1,700 Confederates on 21 Oct. 1861. The previous evening, a Union reconnaissance patrol had mistaken a row of trees for Confederate tents. Brig. Gen. Charles Stone . . . Map (db m93420) HM
34Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battle of Ball's Bluff - October 21, 1861Mid-Afternoon Union and Confederate Deployments and Engagements
2:00PM: After skirmishing with a growing Confederate force in the vicinity of the Jackson House since early morning, and having received no orders from Colonel Edward Baker, Colonel Charles Devens withdrew the 15th Massachusetts to the bluff. . . . Map (db m168041) HM
35Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battle of Ball's Bluff - October 21, 1861: The Union Collapse
4:30-5:00 PM: The Union commander on the field, Colonel (and U.S. Senator) Edward D. Baker was killed, not at the current Baker stone but probably about 75-100 yards inland from that point. Approximately 20 Federals successfully engaged in a . . . Map (db m168054) HM
36Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battle of Ball's Bluff, October 21, 1861
The Battle of Ball's Bluff was the result of a mistake. The previous evening, Capt. Chase Philbrick, Co. H, 15th Massachusetts Regiment, led a small reconnaissance patrol across the Potomac River to determine the results of some earlier . . . Map (db m168086) HM
37Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battlefield Historic Restoration Project
In 2004, Ball's Bluff Battlefield Regional Park began a restoration project on the battlefield where you stand today. The objective of the effort is to return about 12 acres of the battlefield to its approximate appearance in 1861. First hand . . . Map (db m150412) HM
38Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Carriage House
The carriage house was used for storage of house drawn carriages and other equipment. This building was constructed in the 1880s and was in use until the 1930s. After horse drawn carriages were no longer commonly used, the building was used as a . . . Map (db m7831) HM
39Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Carriage House
The Carriage House, built in 1903 during the Eustis period, illustrates the era when the horse drawn carriage was the primary mode of transportation. Today, the Carriage House is the Oatlands Museum Gift Shop and Visitor center. The . . . Map (db m60112) HM
40Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-24 — Charles Fenton Mercer
Charles Fenton Mercer (1778–1858) is buried near here in Union Cemetery. After serving as an officer in the U.S. Army, he was recalled to service as an aid to Virginia Governor James Barbour of Virginia in the War of 1812 and rose to the rank . . . Map (db m893) HM
41Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Clarkes Gap
At 582 feet, Clarkes Gap, up the hill to your left, was the highest point on the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad. The stone bridge dates from the 1870s, when the tracks were completed to Clarkes Gap. The station stood on the site where you are . . . Map (db m2031) HM
42Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Clinton Hatcher
Clinton Hatcher, 1840 - 1861 Co. F. 8th Va. Regt. C.S.A. fell Bravely Defending his native state.Map (db m85502) WM
43Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Conditions of the Enslaved at Temple Hall Farm
Enslaved Africans were first brought to what would become the United States in 1619 and by the early 1800s the system of slaveholding was entrenched in the U.S., mostly in the Southern states. While most Northern states had banned owning people . . . Map (db m197010) HM
44Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Confederate EarthworksGuarding the Potomac River Frontier
Across the ground in front of you are the remains of Confederate infantry earthworks most likely built after the Battle of Ball’s Bluff on October 21, 1861. At this time, Leesburg was on the front lines of the American Civil War and an outpost on . . . Map (db m103689) HM
45Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Confederate Soldiers
In Memory of the Confederate Soldiers of Loudon County Va Erected May 28 1908Map (db m110204) WM
46Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Dairy Barn
This dairy barn hails from the legendary Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. Built in 1900 in the town of Edinburg, it now sits at Market Station. The barn symbolizes the dairy farming that blossomed in the region, providing both county and town with . . . Map (db m5128) HM
47Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Diesel Trains on the W&OD
The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad switched from electric to diesel power during World War II. In 1941-42 the railroad bought its first three diesel-electric engines. Each General Electric engine had 380 horsepower and weighed 44 tons. Later . . . Map (db m2111) HM
48Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-31 — Dodona ManorHome of Gen. George C. Marshall
This early-19th-century house and its surrounding four acres were purchased in 1941 by Gen. Marshall (1880–1959) and his wife, Katherine Tupper Marshall (1882–1978). A student of the classics, Marshall called the house, in its grove of oaks, “Dodoan . . . Map (db m892) HM
49Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-35 — Douglass Community School
Before the construction of this high school, there were no schools beyond 7th grade for black students in Loudoun County. Late in the 1930s, the parent-teacher associations of various black schools formed the County-Wide League to raise money to . . . Map (db m5096) HM
50Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Douglass High School
has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Historic Resources Throughout much of Virginia in the early 1900s, black parents were pressing the then system of racial segregation for improved . . . Map (db m5100) HM
51Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Early Methodism in Leesburg
On this site, deeded in 1766, stood the old Methodist meeting house completed about 1770. Here in 1778 was held the sixth conference of American Methodism and the first in Virginia. In this cemetery in 1786 was buried Richard Owings, first native . . . Map (db m117274) HM
52Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-22 — Early’s Washington Campaign
Jubal A. Early passed over this road on his return to the Shenandoah Valley, July 16, 1864. After leaving Lee before Richmond, June 13, Early traveled 450 miles, defeating Hunter at Lynchburg and Wallace on the Monocacy River in Maryland, and . . . Map (db m1003) HM
53Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Edward D. Baker
Colonel Baker is buried at the Presidio in San Francisco, California. This memorial stone was placed here to mark what was believed to be the location of Baker’s death and to honor the memory of the only U.S. Senator to have died on the field of . . . Map (db m2237) HM
54Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Edward D. Baker
Col. 71 Pa. Inf. Killed here in the Battle of Balls Bluff, VA Oct. 21, 1861.Map (db m168104) WM
55Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Edwards FerryAn Eighty-Mile-Long Column — Gettysburg Campaign —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . Map (db m63737) HM
56Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Electric Trains on the W&OD
Electrification arrived in 1912, after the Great Falls & Old Dominion Railroad and the Southern Railway’s Bluemont Branch were consolidated into the Washington & Old Dominion Railway. The new owners brought modern interurban trolley cars. Wire . . . Map (db m2107) HM
57Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Elizabeth Mills Riverfront ParkPotomac Connections
This riverfront park will transport you back in time. It will enable you to look beyond the modern developments that dominate the landscape here today. It will take you back centuries, when American Indians lived here, harvesting the bounty of the . . . Map (db m152026) HM
58Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Enslaved Workers at Temple Hall Farm
When Temple Hall Farm was established in 1812, the house and farm buildings of the time were likely built with Black enslaved workers. Enslaved workers were held in bondage there for the next fifty years to provide free labor for the property . . . Map (db m197019) HM
59Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Fighting for FreedomMount Zion Community Cemetery
Four African American Civil War veterans are buried in this cemetery: James Gaskins (39th U.S. Colored Infantry), Joseph Waters (5th Massachusetts Colored Cavalry), William Taylor (1st U.S. Colored Infantry), and John W. Langford (U.S. Navy). The . . . Map (db m76587) HM
60Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — First Mt. Olive Methodist Episcopal Church
First Mt. Olive Methodist Episcopal Church 1890 is registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark and placed on the National Register of Historic Places 2005Map (db m143136) HM
61Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-31 — Gen. George C. Marshall House
Gen. George C. Marshall (1880-1959) and his wife, Katherine Tupper Marshall (1882-1978), purchased this early-19th-century house and its surrounding four acres in 1941. They lived here during the years of Marshall's great achievements as Army chief . . . Map (db m101758) HM
62Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — General George C. Marshall HouseDodona Manor
General George C. Marshall House Dodona Manor Has Been Designated a National Historic Landmark This House Possesses National Significance In Commemorating the History of the United States of America 1996 National . . . Map (db m126605) HM
63Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — George Catlett Marshall
(Left Side Plaque): George Catlett Marshall (1880-1959) Born Union Town, Pennsylvania, educated at Virginia Military Institute, class of 1901, serving in the United States Army thereafter, resident of Leesburg, Virginia, 1941 to 1959. . . . Map (db m4962) HM
64Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Glenfiddich HouseFormerly Harrison Hall
This property has been placed on the National Register Of Historic Places by the United States Department of Interior Circa 1840Map (db m114510) HM
65Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-7 — Goose Creek Chapel
A short distance West is the site of the “Chapel Above Goose Creek”, built by the vestry of Truro Parish in 1736. Augustine Washington, father of George Washington, was a member of the vestry at the time. This was the first church on the . . . Map (db m1213) HM
66Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Haud Pluribus Impar
At Ball’s Bluff, near this town on the threshold of Virginia and the Confederacy, the invading army of the North was, on Oct. 21st 1861, utterly defeated and driven into the Potomac. This monument is erected to the memory of those who died in . . . Map (db m110685) HM WM
67Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ice House
In winter this building was filled with ice cut from the Potomac River. The tick stone walls and many layers of straw provided sufficient insulation to preserve a supply of ice for summer use. When the family needed ice, large chucks were retrieved . . . Map (db m7836) HM
68Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — In Honor of The Loudoun Citizens…
In Honor of The Loudoun Citizens Who Served in Vietnam And in Memory Of Those Who Died Welby H. Grayson, III Richard B. Grigsby Jack Harris, Jr. David F. Helms Leonard W. Kidd Francis E. Manuel Weyland F. McCauley, Jr. . . . Map (db m110240) WM
69Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — In Memory of Richard Owings
First native born Methodist local preacher, born November 13, 1738, Baltimore County, Maryland. Died October 7, 1786, Leesburg, Virginia and was buried on this spot. He was converted under the ministry of Robert Strawbridge and Received on . . . Map (db m1581) HM
70Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — In Memory of the Heroic Dead
In Memory of the Heroic Dead of Loudoun County who gave their lives for their country in the Second World War and in Korea World War II Spitler H. Abell • Frederick F. Grossi Stanley C. Alder • Vernon T. Hackley . . . Map (db m110178) WM
71Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Jenifer’s Cavalry
Lieutenant Colonel Walter H. Jenifer commanded the 300-man cavalry force in Colonel Nathan “Shanks” Evan’s Confederate brigade. Jenifer had some 70 troopers with him at Ball’s Bluff, including portions of the Chesterfield Light Dragoons, . . . Map (db m2213) HM
72Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Lee Comes to LeesburgConference at Harrison Hall
On the afternoon of September 4, 1862, five days after the Confederate victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, throngs of well-wishers lined Leesburg's streets, including King Street behind you, to welcome the threadbare but jubilant Army of . . . Map (db m42333) HM
73Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — LeesburgFrom Paradise to Peril — Antietam and Gettysburg Campaigns —
“Leesburg! Paradise of the youthful warrior! Land of excellent edibles and beautiful maidens!” — so wrote a Confederate artilleryman in late 1861. A year later, a northern correspondent found Leesburg a weary town full of . . . Map (db m1544) HM
74Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — LeesburgVirginia
Established in 1758 As the seat of Loudoun County Map (db m168047) HM
75Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Leesburg Freight Station
Leesburg’s first railroad depot opened here in 1860 to accommodate passengers, mail, express packages, and freight. All but the freight operations were moved west to King Street in 1887 when the new passenger station opened. An industrial area known . . . Map (db m2109) HM
76Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Leesburg Passenger Station
When the Alexandria, Loudoun, & Hampshire Railroad (later W&OD) arrived on May 17, 1860, Leesburg realized a dream. A local newspaper praised the railroad, which “throws us within an hour or two’s ride of the cities of the seaboard, and opens . . . Map (db m2110) HM
77Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Log House
Market Station's Log House, built in 1840 in Rectorstown, Maryland, is made entirely of native American chestnut. Upon its completion, the German builders covered the logs with clapboard and plaster. These protective refinements, usually reserved as . . . Map (db m117211) HM
78Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Loudoun County Court SquareWartime in Leesburg
Before the war, the courthouse square was the location of slave auctions and militia recruiting activities. On October 21, 1861, after the Battle of Ball's Bluff, more than 500 Union prisoners, including Col. Milton Cogswell, 42nd New York Infantry, . . . Map (db m63738) HM
79Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-28 — Loudoun County Courthouse
The Loudoun County Courthouse, first occupied in 1895, is the third on this site, which was designated for that use on the 1759 plat of Leesburg. On 12 Aug. 1776, the Declaration of Independence was read from the doorway of the first courthouse. The . . . Map (db m876) HM
80Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — M1841 12 Pound Mountain Howitzer
• Two howitzers manned by 2nd New York State Militia at Ball's Bluff • Commanded by Lieutenant Frank Sands French • Weight: about 600 pounds • Full crew: 8 soldiers • Can be pulled by one horse or mule • Can be packed on three . . . Map (db m168063) HM
81Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Martin Buchanan, USCTA Place of Hopes and Dreams - Gleedsville
Loudoun County experienced continuous Union and Confederate activity during the war. Carter's Mill Road, in front of you, provided access to the agricultural abundance of Oatlands and other farms south and east of here, where the use of slave . . . Map (db m124387) HM
82Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — McKimmey's Mill
In 1898 a fire devastated a Leesburg grain mill, along with several surrounding buildings. The mill that replaced the burned structure is now known as McKimmey's Mill and sits proudly at market Station. This massive multi-level grain mill contains . . . Map (db m5121) HM
83Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Mile HillCavalry Clash
On September 1, 1862, Col. Thomas Munford, commander of the Confederate 2nd Virginia Cavalry (163 men), was ordered to Leesburg to destroy a body of Union Cavalry—the locally raised Independent Loudoun Virginia Rangers—who were harassing southern . . . Map (db m1219) HM
84Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-29 — Morven Park
Morven Park was the home of Westmoreland Davis, who as governor of Virginia (1918-1922) created the executive budget system that concentrated state budgeting authority in the governor's hands. Davis bought Morven Park in 1903 and transformed it into . . . Map (db m1214) HM
85Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Mt. Gap School
Mt. Gap School, built circa 1882, exemplifies the iconic one-room rural schoolhouse. White students came from nearby small communities or farms, ranging in age from 5 to 15. Each morning, they traveled to the schoolhouse by horse, cart, or on . . . Map (db m136865) HM
86Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-103 — Mt. Zion United Methodist Church
Mt. Zion, recognized as the oldest continuing African American Methodist congregation in Virginia, traces its origins to the Old Stone Church, established in Leesburg in 1766. Black members of the Old Stone Church, desiring their own church after . . . Map (db m126606) HM
87Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Norman-Harding Barn(The "Wharf")
"The Wharf" refers not only to the entire two-block area, but also to the Norman-Harding Barn, itself the original "Wharf." This building is on its original site. Since its construction around 1890, the two-story barn served as a storage warehouse . . . Map (db m5127) HM
88Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — OatlandsCivil War Comes to Oatlands
The Civil War arrived in Loudoun County on October 21, 1861, with the Battle of Ball’s Bluff. As Confederate forces gathered to protect Leesburg, Elizabeth Grayson Carter, the widowed mistress of Oatlands, wrote in her journal on October 17, . . . Map (db m1164) HM
89Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-33 — Oatlands
George Carter, a great-grandson of Robert “King” Carter, began this monumental mansion on his 3,408-acre estate in 1804 and embellished it over two decades. In 1827, he graced the façade with fluted Corinthian columns, endowing the . . . Map (db m1165) HM
90Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-23 — Old Stone Church Site
One block north on Cornwall Street is the site of the first Methodist-owned property in America. Lot 50 was deeded to the Methodist Society in Leesburg on May 11, 1766. In 1778, the Sixth American Conference of Methodists met there, the first such . . . Map (db m1537) HM
91Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Osterburg Mill
William Oster built this water-powered grist mill in the late 1800's to serve the residents of Osterburg, the village he founded in Three Springs Valley, between the Allegheny and Cove Mountains of Southwestern Pennsylvania. A large wooden water . . . Map (db m5130) HM
92Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Our Glorious Dead
“Their Bodies are buried in Peace But their name liveth for evermore” 1917 † 1918 Russell T. Beatty, Corp. † Frank Hough, Lt. Charles A. Bell, Pvt.  † Alexander Pope Humphrey, Pvt. Charles E. Clyburn, Pvt. † Robert A. . . . Map (db m109864) WM
93Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-2 — Potomac Crossings
Here Lee turned east to the Potomac, crossing at White's Ford, September 6, 1862, in his invasion of Maryland. Jubal A. Early, returning from his Washington raid, crossed the river at White’s Ford, July 14, 1864.Map (db m1609) HM
94Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Reclaim Your Story
Enslaved people were denied their stories during the time of slavery. They were denied their names, ancestry, and family connections. This project aims to reclaim those stories and honor the people who were enslaved at Oatlands and Bellefield. . . . Map (db m195214) HM
95Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Red Rock Wilderness Overlook Regional Park
Red Rock Wilderness Overlook Regional Park is a 67-acre mostly wooded area situated along the Potomac River on the outskirts of Leesburg. Frances Speek donated a portion of the property to the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority in 1978. The . . . Map (db m7820) HM
96Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Rokeby
Has been placed on the National Register Of Historic Places by the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m110680) HM
97Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Royal Palm Turkey
Scientific Name: Meleagris gallopavo Size: Females weigh 10-12 lbs, Males weigh 16-22 lbs Diet: Omnivore Life span: 12 yrs Conservation Status: Listed as a threatened . . . Map (db m195216) HM
98Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Rust Manor House
Henry and Anne Harrison purchased the land that is now Rust Sanctuary in 1909 and built the Manor House. William and Mary Rust bought the property in 1929, renovating portions of the house, adding the front and rear porches and a new grand . . . Map (db m130063) HM
99Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-56 — Saving the Declaration of Independence / The War of 1812
Saving the Declaration of Independence. On 22 Aug. 1814, two days before British forces entered Washington, Sec. of State James Monroe ordered government records, including the Declaration of Independence, removed to Virginia for safekeeping. . . . Map (db m90422) HM
100Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-6 — Sharpsburg (Antietam) Campaign
Near here Stonewall Jackson bivouaced on the march into Maryland, September 4, 1862.Map (db m986) HM

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Jul. 1, 2022